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PERKINS LIBRARY 

Duke University 



Kare Books 



GIVEN BY HIS DAUGHTER 

MRS. R. DWIGHT WARE 



DATE \ ,?/<■*. Q / / 7/ '/ "^ 

1/ 



Miwfe mm 












Hr :*M*iimiip ai^wss: i 




V. Y. COO: 

NOT LOANABLE 



INDEX 



Confederate Veteran 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY IN THE INTEREST OF 
CONFEDERATE VETERANS AND KINDRED TOPICS 



VOLUME XXV. 



S. A. CUNNINGHAM, FOUNDER 



Nashville, Tenn. 
1917 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2011 with funding from 
Duke University Libraries 



http://www.archive.org/details/confederateveter25conf 



INDEX— VOLUME XXV. 



v. 2>S 



ARTICLES. 

A Bloody Conflict by Moonlight 119 

Accommodating Politics 136 

A Chivalrous Soldier Ill 

A Contrast and a Confession 232 

Adjutant of Fifteenth Georgia Regiment 462 

After Many Tears 394 

A Gentleman and a Patriot 42 

A Kindly Act 104 

Alabama Corps of Cadets, 1860-66 12 

A Lincoln Telegram 446 

Allen, "Private" John 640 

A Long Night 27 

■Altars of Sacrifice 308 

Am. i i, an Colony in Brazil. Patriotism of 392 

A Met her of the Confederacy 93 

"A -Mother's Gift — The Bible" 1S4 

Anno Lee Memorial, The 62 

■mother Contrast 386 

free at Appomattox 3, 62 

A Political Economist and American Patriot 455 

Appreciated Justice 2S7 

A l'ri\ ate willi General Hood 556 

Ail. in as at Vicksburg in 1862, The 490 

An Incident in Arkansas History ' 601 

Army Relief Work by Women of the Confederacy 55S 

As Others Should Do 234 

A Thousand Years' Record 345 

A Voice from New England 7 

A Virginia Precedent 471 

A Warm Introduction 471 

A War-Time Derelict In Bermuda 301 

A Weak Line 97 

A Year with Forrest 357 

latth of Gettysburg 209 

Battle of Hatcher's Run 119 

Battle of Helena, Ark 403 

Battle of Kernstown, Va 416 

Kittle of Plymouth, N. C, After the 16 

Hat 1 1. ol Sabi Pa 364 

fettle of Scary, \V. Va 503 

Halt ie of Selma, Ala 636 

Battle of Seven Pines 19 

Li.it 1 1. of Shiloh 71 

Batlle of Yellow Bayou 94 

Battles and Lo ses In the War 347 

Bain, hip Mississippi 112 

Birthplace of the Ku-Klux Klan 335 

npanj of Richmond, The 53S 

Boy in (aim. and Bal tie, A 3S3 

Brown, J, Thompson 510 

i s in Spirit 624 

Bimpatgn and Battle of Gettysburg 209 

Uors\ ille 303 

il in ... i ensile Features of the < >ld Southx 504 

Bhlckamauga as I .Saw It 74 

Civilized ( ?) Warfare 349 

Colonel of the Fifth Tennessee I 'avalry 9S 

Compromises In the federal Con titutlon, The 309 

Condy Raguet, Statesman 525 

Confederate n.nerals Officiallj Recognized 343 

urate Graves In the West 471 

Confederate Memorial in Helena, Mont 6 

Confederate Navy, The 167, 217, 264, 315 

Confederate Troops at Corinth 445 

Confederate Treasure Train 257 

Confederate Veterans in California 539 

Confusion In History 108 

"C7K." One of the 627 

Cunningham Memorial 103. 144, 440 

1820 



Davis, Jefferson — A Character Study 253 

Davis. Life and Character of Jefferson 264 

Davis, Jefferson. Memorial at Fairvlew. 

50, 67, 99, 104, 144. 145, 234, 337, 344, 392, 441, 488 

Davis, Lincoln, and the Kaiser 406 

Dead Angle on the Kennesaw Line 166 

Echoes of the Reunion (Washington) . . . 346 

Editorial Page 4. 104, 144, 234, 24S, 344, 392, 440, 4S8, 636 

English Friends of the Confederacy 198 

Escape from Fort Delaware . 612 

Evacuation of Richmond 110 

Ezekiel, Sir Moses 235 

Pagan, Gen. James F 402 

Fagan's Escort, The Roster of 2? 

Federal's Bequest to Confederate Home 143 

Field Surgery. A Case of 107 

First Arkansas Traveler, The 396 

Fight in a Mississippi Church In 1SG3 17 

Fighting at Sailor's Creek 4 IS 

Fine Work 6 

Flag of Their Love 248 

For a True Record 337 

Forrest's Last Exploit 491 

Fall of Fort Blakely 162 

Fort Gregg, Defenders of 23 

Fort Mahone, The Struggle for. : 226 

Fori Mahone and Other Strugggles 356 

Fori Steadman, In Front of, 1S65 408 

Fourth Tennessee Cavalry at Bentonville. N. C 446 

Georgia Command in Active Service, A 78 

burg — A Critical Review 214 

burg and the Battle 209, 410 

Golden Anniversary in Texas 43 

Gordon, General. Presentation of Portrait of 496 

. Mrs. Amelia Gayle Ill 

Grade, The Shot That Killed 445 

Grapevine News 156 

"Greater Love Hath No Man" 166 

Gunboat Association, The 356 

Hampton Roads Conference 50, 67 

Hickman, Mrs John P., Honorary President General 249 

Hill, Gen. D. H.: A Character Study 306, 366, 411 

Hou^e Divided. The 464 

How Mosby Saved the Day 20 

Henderson Scouts, The 42 

Ideals of the Old South 147 

l mboden's I lash Into Charlestown 149 

In ("amp and Prison 95 

in Mobile Bay 260 

In the Years of War. 

SO, 120, 161, 221. 27a. 817, S68, 111. 461, 514, 561 

Invidious Comparisons 637 

Iron Brigade at Gettysburg, The 396 

Iuka Battlefield, The 467 

Jackson's Farewell 238 

Jackson's Winter Campaign in 1S62 76 

Johnston, Gen. Joseph E 664 

Killed at Malvern Hill 148 

Killed by a Rabbit 267 

Knauss. Col. William H 106 

Lanier, The Genius of 648 

Last Colonel of Artillery, A. N. V 224 

Last Survivor of the Original Confederate States Congress. 64 

Latham, Mrs. T. J.: In Memoriam ' 287 

Lee, The Character and Motive of Gen. Robert E 203 

Lee, Gen. Robert E., on Traveler 236 

Lee. Portrait of General 6U 



24 



Qopfederat^ l/eterap. 



Lee and Jackson, Generals (address) '. . . . 541 

Lee's Sentiment, General 308 

"Lee, The Long Arm of": A Review 526 

"Le;t We Forget" 144 

Longstreet According to Lee and Johnston 8 

Lost Mine of the Ouachitas 456 

Louisiana Monument at Vleksburg 393 

Loyal and Devoted Still 136 

Lynch's Battery at Bull's Gap 345 

Manassas Battlefield Park 98 

"Marching through Georgia" 392 

Medical Officers of the Army and Navy of the Confederate 

States 239 

Mcintosh, Col. David G 224 

Memorial Address at Arlington 498 

Memorial Day at Arlington 397 

Memorial to the Soldiers of Kent County, Md 552 

Men in Gray, The 4 

Mission of the Veteran, The 249, 502 

Missionary Ridge lit 28 

Montgomery, Commodore: A Confederate Naval Hero.... 26, 96 

Monument at Winchester. Va 106 

Most Famous Regiment, The 352 

My Birthday 97 

National Citizen's Creed Contest 288 

National Flag Day, Founder of 237 

Naval Battle, A Great 458 

Noted Law Class of the University of Virginia, A 55 

Obstructing Grant's Advance 25 

Oldest Cavalry Horse, The 351 

On the Field of Shiloh 146 

"Order No. 11," The Truth about 154 

Patriotism of Mississippi Women 51 

Paul Revere's Ride 234 

Pensions Allowed by Oklahoma 394 

Perils of Staff Service 66 

Pickett and Her Books, Mrs 237 

Pierce, Col. Lovick 452 

President of the Secession Convention 493 

Principles of Self-Government 395 

Prince, Capture of General 28, 106, 394 

Prison Life in the Sixties 2S8 

Prodigality Our National Shame 480 

Railroad Built by Confederates 106 

Reconstruction Days in Texas 169 

Reconstruction Policy. The 348 

Red River Campaign 116 

Relation of the States to the Government 547 

Religious Aspect of Patriotism, The 261 

Requiescat in Pace 145 

Return of Flag to the 76th Ohio Regiment 131 

Reversal of Accepted Hi -tory, A 9 

Ridley, Capt. Bromfield Lewis 94 

Right Name for the War 232 

Rose, Mrs. S. E. F 249 

Rosenburg, Mrs. Mollie R. Maogill 423 

Rowland, Miss Kate Mason 51, 104 

Sanders, Miss Addie , 66 

Second Mississippi at Gettysburg 527 

Seeking the Truth 535 

Seeks Comrades in Escape from Prison 384 

Shelling of Fredericksburg 573 

Shiloh Memorial 103, 247, 250 

Side Lights on Texas History 4 94 

Slavery and Abolition in Virginia 458 

Soldier of Missouri, A 22 

Soldiers of Civilization 440 

South and Germany, The 506 

South's Rich Future, The 393 

Spirit of Our Women, The 104 

Statesman of the Old School. A 320 

Statistics from Records in War Department 3 

Record of State Troops 4 

"Status of the South in the Past 549 



Steele's Escape at Jenkin's Ferry 79 

Stonewall Jackson College 238 

Storming Bull's Gap 302 

Suffering on the Southern Border 83 

Sunday's, Billy, Tribute to the South 234 

Surrendered with Forrest 5 

Surrender of Cobb's Legion 39 4, 463 

Surviving Confederate Veterans 344 

Sword Combat between Col. John Goff Bailentine and Maj. 

Carl Schaeffer de Bernstein 10 

Texas and Arkansas at Fort Harrison 24 

That Furlough 75 

The Old Spirit 492 

The South's Suffering 5 

To Fight for Southern Principles 344 

Torpedo Service in Charleston Harbor 113 

Trans-Mississippi Department, Communication with 481 

Troops Demoralized at Fisher's Hill 109 

Turney's First Tennessee Regiment 164 

Tuttle, In Memory of Captain 252 

True to His Father 536 

Unique Incident, A 471 

U. O. V.: Consolidation of Veterans and Sons 104 

Election of Department Commanders 391 

General Orders 143 

Honorary Commander Kentucky Division 5 

Honorary Commander Virginia Division 540 

Memorial Camp 393 

On to Washington 192 

President Wilson's Greeting to Confederate Veterans... 296 

Reunion in Washington 297 

Reunion of Mississippi Division 391 

Reunion of North Carolina Division 527 

Reunion Program 195 

Reunion Orders 49 

Reunion Plans 103, 194 

State Reunions 440 

Texas Veterans in Reunion 494 

Trans-Mississippi Department 153 

To Washington — Our Thanks 295 

U. D. C. Department. 

36, 88, 122, 178, 230, 280, 32S, 376, 424, 472, 4S7, 520 

C. S. M. A 41, 92, 127, 1S3, 334, 3S2, 428, 477, 523. 572 

S. C. V 96, 128, 184, 233, 430, 478, 575 

Yicksburg National Memorial Celebration 391, 439, 4S9 

Vicksburg, Operations against 442 

Veterans and Sons 248 

Washington, The City of 191 

Washington's Vision at Valley Forge 401 

What Did President Lincoln's Statesmanship Accomplish?. 453' 

Wheeler, Maj. Gen. Joseph 460 

When Texas Seceded 362 

Where Pegram Was Killed 42 

Why Did the Confederate States Fight? 398 

Why the South Lost IIS 

Woman's Work in War 536 

Wounded at Sharpsburg 399 

Yellow Jackets in the 4th Mississippi, The 15 

Young, Bennett H. . . 6 

POEMS. 

Albert Sidney Johnston 247 

All Quiet Along the Potomac To-Night (with music) 268 

Appomattox, April 9, 1865 52 

1865— April Ninth — 1917 364 

Bars and Stripes 11 

Battle of Shiloh 146 

Beauty among the Ruins 147 

Blue and Gray No More 489 

Can You Tell Me? 144 

Confederate Rations 4 

Contrasts 196 

548 



Corn 

Equality — Liberty — Fraternity 
Freedom 



293 
101 



Qoijfederat^ l/eterai). 



Hearts of the Lilies 70 

"If Sons, Then Heirs" 4S5 

II Tempo e Galant Uomo 234 

In Memory of the Brave 29 

In the Twilight 417 

Jeffer=on Davis 253 

Memorial Altars 163 

Memorial Day. June 3 245 

"Memorial Ode" 84 

Mosby at Hamilton 226 

My Old Black Mammy 45 

Our Hero »72 

Peace 104 

Reveille 305 

Spring 168 

Stonewall 112 

Stonewall Jackson's Way (sung) 52S 

The Avatar of Hell S3 

The Blockade Runner 1 IT 

The Confederate Veteran and I lis Flag 169 

Tiie Crisis 2 IS 

The Empty Sleeve 429 

The Flag of Tears 208 

The Gallant Gray 

The Girl I Left Behind Me (with music) 197 

The House Where Stonewall Jackson Died 51 

the Last Review 193 

The Nation's Prayer 409 

The Old Ranks of Gray 459 

The Real Nation 7S 

The Reveille ' 477 

The Soldier 344 

The South in Summer Time 393 

The Star-Spangled Banner 500 

The Tribute of the South 356 

The Tricolor 321 

To Make Men Free 343 

To You and All Your Family 9S 

True Symptoms 23 4 

"I'nknown" 21 

Veterans of the South 457 

■wii.ii Mean These Stones?" 535 






ILLUSTRATIONS. 

A .\ii taken Signal 

Between the Lines 

Busy Workers of the War Relief Camp, New Orleans. 

Confederate Memorial at Winchester, \'a 

Contracts 

Gettysburg: Beginning the Ascent to Round Top 

Looking toward Little Round Top 

Confederate Avenue 

Group in Bronze. Virginia Memorial 

Jefferson Davis Memorial. Fairy lew, Kv 146, 3 16, 

Builders of 

Institute Hall. Charleston, S. C 

Last Meeting of Lee and Jackson 

Library Building. Washington and Lee 

I r at Appomattox Courthouse 

Memorial Fountain, Helena, Mont 

Military (Nittlng) Bee, C. S. A 

Monument Where Gin. A. S. Johnston Fell 

Mount Vernon 

li I rait of General Lee 

Private Soldiers Monument in Centennial Park, .Nashville. 

Tenn 

Prominent Members of Reunion Committee 

Review of Naval Parade. Hampton Roads, in 1907 

in Chattanooga In 1S63 

Shlloh Monument JIT. 260, 

Statue of General Meade .it Gettysburg 

TaM.'t In Memory of Dr. M. Kennedy 

i to the Ku-Klux Klan 

The Anne Lee Memorial, Alexandria, Va 

The Blockade Runner 

The "Bloody Pond" at Shlloh , 

The Confederate Tree: How and Why It Grew 

The House Where Jackson Died 



300 
3S9 
37S 
106 
190 
213 
213 
212 
211 
441 
437 
493 
511 
236 
1 

6 
3S6 
251 
2U t 
236 

341 
194 

65 
1S7 
251 
2 1 6 
103 
335 

53 
447 
146 
333 

61 



"The Martyrs" — Jefferson Davis and C. C. Clay 253 

The Oldest Cavalry Horse 351 

The Old Shlloh Church 146 

The Reunion Parade 295, 297 

The Sentinel at Gettysburg — Statue of General Lee 210 

Three Great Americans 1S9 

Tomb of Washington, Mount Vernon 205 

Veterans of Surry County. Va 492 

Yuk burg: Horseshoe Road 444 

National Cemetery 445 

Tennessee State Site in National Military Park 439 

View of Lands Owned by Father of Jefferson Davis, Fair- 
view in Distance .69 

Washington: The Capitol 1 91 

Congressional Library 200 

East Room, of White House 199 

Entrance to the Court of Honor in Front of White 

Hou e 297 

Grand Stairway. Congressional Library 201 

The White House 19S 

Treasury Building 203 

View from Thomas Circle 192 



LAST ROLL 



Arramlale, F. L. 
Arthur, John II. 



467 
86 



Bahnson, i t i lenry T. . . 17 i 

Baker, Charles F 372 

Barrett, G. James 30 

on, Capt s. II 322 

Beall. Col. John I! 173 

Cain st 

Judge li W 171 

Bennett, Judge W. G 31 

Blst ion'. Nicholas 565 

Blackwood, J. Harvey... 878 

Bouldin, John E 371 

Boyd, Capt. John A 31 

Bragg, Joseph Henry... 31 

Brannon, J. C 275 

Broome, Col. James A.... 326 

Brown. John Louis 327 



BrOVI li. Dr. William \ 

Bi iiinii. i'.'\ . W. I! 

Burnett, Hon. Jai R 
Burroughs, Dr. W. B 
Burton, T. J 



30 
326 
325 
170 
372 
Buttlraer, Patrli k 3T2 



Caldwell. Edwin V 1T2 

Campbell, William A..... 277 

Cashlon, W. II 275 

Catterton, B, N 168 

Cay, John David 272 

■ i r Istlan, John D 32 

■ oi i i . CoL Thomas A . . . 418 

fritz. John M 324 

Cromwell, Dr. B. M 374 

' lourtney, H. II 27G 

Covell, Capt. George W. . 270 

Cunningham, Henry C... 371 

Cunningham, John H.... 324 

Daniel James E 565 

i .vis. Capt. C. J 171 

l>a\is, Rev. Robert M . . . . 376 

Davis, William Hunter.. 278 

Deadei Ick, Dr. i:. I. S6 

Dent, Capt. S. II 320 

Dew, Capt R, .1 468 

Dillard, P. N 323 

Dillard. W. W 120 

Douglass, Thomas 1).... 420 

Downs, L. C 422 

Ducloux, Charles 373 

Dugan, Dennis 86 



a. William 469 

I dw ards, V, Q 327 

1 ■-. J. J 86 

Ferguson, Gen. Wayne P. 274 

Ferrell, Robert W 616 

1 ' I er, Jame 1 A 84 

1 lemlng, Thomas Q :;ti 

Ford, John 11 324 

Foster, Dr, < >. <> 172 

Frazler, Capt W. II 170 

nan, George W 135 

Full-all,' Prof. Thomas A. lis 

' iamble, Dr. 11. McS 372 

Gardner, James Coleman, 273 

ow, 11. W., Sr 172 

William F 27s 

' Hbboney, A. H 518 

Gib mi, Joel W. T 276 

Gill, Thomas A s ; 

Gllmore, M. S 422 

hi. Capt Thomas M 

1 . Gen. 1 lenry W. . . 170 

Griffin, William A 87 

Guild, Maj. George B. . . 

llailliy. Thomas J 17n 

Hall, Robert Marclus. . . . 82 

Holley, George J S6 

Hammond, Frank L. ... 

I l.-uiley. Patrick Henry. . 17 4 

Harby, Jacob DeL 132 

I lardy, John 278 

Hawkins, Capt. Elijah. . . 279 

I den, Rev. Horace E, . 563 

Hearn, Samuel B 565 

Hearne, J. C, a.m ., iu>. . 325 

11. -i kell, Josi oh 1 laniel. . 277 

I I ii-k-<. Rev. lrl Roger. . . 136 

1 Hnchej , Capt M li 132 

Holleman, L. F. A 32 

Hopkins, Capt. M. H 

Ins, Capt. W. C . 

Horslay, Dr. Joseph S... 133 

Howard, F. R 136 

Hudson, William 134 

Hyde, Rev. G. W 618 

Inglis, Capt. John L 517 

Irl.y, Capt. 11. C 17 

Ivy. William T 171 



182024 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 



Jackson, Richard 466 

Jackson, W. E 173 

Jennings, Jacob Mead... 273 

Joblin, Alfred H 421 

Johnston, Charles 467 

Johnston, David E 422 

Johnston, Capt. J. W.... 172 

Jones, Hartwell K 370 

Jones, Jesse G 324 

Kearney, William Henry. 562 

Keeble, Rev. J. W 35 

Kelly, T. M 374 

Kennerly, J. W 469 

Kern, Joseph M 85 

Kerr, Samuel H 172 

Kerr, Dr. TV. J. W 31 

Kierolf, Capt. S. E 85 

Kimes, George M 33 

Lee, Daniel M 84 

Lee, James C 133 

Levister, R. C 469 

Loveless, J. D 419 

Maney, Capt. Thomas H. 274 

Marston, Capt. B. W 421 

Martin, Albert 134 

Matthews, John S 421 

McAlister, Col. A. C 85 

Mcintosh, Col. David G. . 177 

McLeran, A. A 176 

McMillan, Duncan E 133 

McNeill, Malcolm 323 

Millett, Capt. Eugene B. 277 

Milisaps, John 419 

Mimms, D. J 174 

Minor, Launcelot 3 4 

Mitchell, Benjamin F. . . . 422 

Moore, Edward A 33 

Moreland, John F 519 

Morningstar, Samuel A.. 171 

Myers, Henry C 516 

Noble, Steven Polk 277 

Odom, Rev. A. P 421 

Ogden, John Jacob 372 

Otey, Capt. John 276 

Owen, Capt. James 273 

Patterson, W. F 135 

Peery, Capt. J. M 134 

Pepper, Robert Bruce.... 518 
Peterkin, Bishop G. W... 419 

Piper, Alexander N 469 

Pitts, James Monroe 519 

Power, J. L 135 

Preston, R. A 370 

Price, Capt. Thomas W.. 617 



Proctor, Dr. Thomas.... 86 
Purdy, James 664 

Randolph, Thomas H.... 374 

Reeves, Dr. N. P 419 

Richardson, Maj. H. W.. 35 

Roach. J. F. G 34 

Roberson, J. L 87 

Roberts, Alfred W 274 

Roche, Capt. F. T 176 

Rollins, Stephen B 468 

Ross, Capt. C. P 371 

Schmitt, Theodore 470 

Shaw, William D 467 

Shea, Thomas 467 

Shearon, Sterling B 664 

Shelton, Dr. E. A 564 

Shive, W. N 468 

Shuford, Martin H 322 

Smith, Lewis A 134 

Smith, Dr. W. F 174 

Spearman, Matthew W. , 133 

Stalcup, Samuel 422 

Steward, Capt. Sam 327 

Swisher, Adam T 370 

Tate, E. B 375 

Thomas, J. D 174 

Thompson, Rev. G. T 322 

Thompson, Dr. T. D 323 

Timberlake, D. A 469 

Timberlake, D. W 176 

Tinney, William 326 

Trigg, John Allen 470 

Twiggs, Judge H. H. D.. 327 

Umphress, James C 422 

Vail. James W 275 

Vance, R. H 327 

Varner, Thomas Henley. 467 

Wagener, Maj. Julian J.. 565 

Wagner, Dr. J. D 84 

Wallace. Capt. James c. 33 

Waller, Capt. Richard L. 517 

Watts, Thomas Gillum... 273 

West. Gen. A. J 519, 562 

White. Orren F 33 

Whitfield, C 516 

Williams, D. Track 469 

Wilson, Osborne 323 

Wollard, Andy 135 

Woods, M. J. D 324 

Wootten, W. P 275 

Wright, John 323 

Yancey, Dr. Thomas B... 373 
Young, T. J 275 



PORTRAITS. 



Deaths in Camps. 

John M. Brady Camp, Hill County Camp, Hills- 
Louisville, Miss 323 boro, Tex 34, 134 

Camp at Hernando, Miss. S5 Joe Kendall Camp, War- 
Camp at Savannah, Ga.. 32 renton, Va 173 

Camp at Talladega, Ala. . 87 J. E. B. Stuart Camp, 

Comrades of Georgia.... 466 Terrell, Tex 85 

Confederate Veterans at R. E. Lee Camp, Fort 

Gastonla, N. C 371 Worth, Te\ 274 

Camp at Mannsville, Okla. 619 Deaths in Camp at Long- 
Camp No. 762, U. C. V., view, Tex 466 

Oxford, Miss 617 W. H. Ratcliffe Camp, 

Camp at Goldwaithe, Tex. 468 Falmouth, Ky 272 

Camp No. 171, Washing- Joe Shelby Camp, Mel- 
ton, D. C 663 rose, N. Mex 277 

Healy - Claybrook Camp, Stockdale Camp, Magno- 

Lot, Va. 87 lia. Miss 86 



Abney, Mrs. M. F 93 

Allen, Bennett Young. . . 248 

Bahnson, Henry T 174 

Baird, John R 95 

Ballentine, Col. John G. . 11 

Barton, Capt. S. H 322 

Beall, Col. John B 173 

Boyd, Capt. J. A 31 

Brewer, John W 383 

Brown, J. Thompson.... 540 

Brown, Dr. W. A 30 

Bryan. Mrs. Anna S 621 

Burroughs, Dr. W. B.... 170 

Burton, J. T 372 

Campbell, Hon. J. A. P., 

1861 Title Page and 54 

Carr, Julian S 57, 438 

Cay, John David 272 

Chilton, Horace B 148 

Childs. H. T 164 

Christian. J. D 32 

Clark, Joseph Dent 42 

Clay, C. C 253 

Cocke, Col. T. A 418 

Conlon, Mrs. Mary M.... 39 

Conway. Dr. W. B 471 

Cook, Maj. Giles B 206 

Cook, V. Y 438 

Cummings, Judge C. C... 494 

Cunningham, S. A 438 

Davis, Jefferson 253 

Davis, Rev. R. M 375 

Denny, Bishop Collins... 498 

Dew, Capt. R. J 4 68 

Douglass, T. J 420 

Ducloux, Charles 373 

Ezekiel, Sir Moses 235 

Fagan, Gen. James F.... 402 

Fagan, Mrs. James F. . . . 403 

Fenton, Capt. E. F 500 

Fleming, Thomas Q 374 

Frazier, Capt. W. H 176 

Gay, Capt. E. S.. Jr 538 

Goolrick. Mrs. F. B 573 

Green, Joseph M 492 

Griffin, Capt. T. M 420 

Hagy. William 238 

Haile. Mrs. A. M 474 

Hardy, John 278 

Harri=on, Gen. George P. 192 

Hawkins, Capt. Elijah... 279 

Hayden, Rev. Horace E. . 563 

Hickman, Mrs. John P. . . 331 

Holleman, L. F. A 32 

Hopkins, Capt. M. H 132 

Hyde, Rev. G. W 518 

Jackson, Richard 466 

Johnston, Gen. A. S 141 

Jones, Hartwell K 370 

Knauss, Col. William H.. 105 



Lee, Robert E 189 

Latham, Mrs. T. J 287 

Leathers, John H 438 

Levister, R. C 469 

Littlefield, George W 438 

Mastin, Miss Lamar 298 

Matthews, John S 421 

Mcintosh, Col. D. G..177, 224 

McLeran, A. A 176 

Meriwether, Henry 525 

Meriwether, Thomas M.. 525 

Minor, Launcelot 34 

Myers, Henry C 516 



Newbill. Col. W. D. 



443 



Odenheimer, Mrs. C. P. . . 195 

Odom, Rev. A. P 421 

Otey, Capt. John 276 

Owens, Miss Marie L.... 299 

Peery, Capt. J. M 134 

Peterkin, Bishop G. W... 419 

Pickett, Mrs. LaSalle C. 237 

Pierce, Col. Lovick 452 

Plant, Miss Olive 233 

Poppenheim, Miss M. B.. 

282, 533 

Prince, Mrs. Polk 475 

Purdy, James 564 

Raymond, the Young Eng- 
lish Soldier 624 

Richardson, Maj. H. W. . 35 

Ridley, Capt. B. L 94 

Rigby, Capt. W. T 422 

Roberson, J. L 87 

Roche, Capt. F. T 175 

Rolfe, Mrs. Frank C 230 

Rose, Mrs. S. E. F 91, 331 

Rosenberg, Mrs. Mollie R. 
Macgill 423 

Schmitt, Theodore 470 

Shaw, W. D 467 

Smith, Mr.' and Mrs. J. F. 43 

Spearman, M. W 133 

Spencer, Charles Hardee. 432 

Stickley, E. E 400 

Talcott, Maj. T. R. M 207 

Tate, E. B 375 

Taylor, Miss Cordelia 431 

Taylor, E. H 438 

Tyler, Dn Lyon G 506 

Walker, C. W 403 

Wallace, Capt. J. C 33 

Washington, George .... 189 

White, O. F 33 

Wilson, Osborne 323 

Wilson, Samuel 492 

Wilson, Woodrow 189, 296 

Yancey, Dr. Thomas B... 373 

Young, Bennett H 437 

Young, Miss Eliza B. . . . 298 
Young, Maj. Henry E 207 



Allen, W. G 

Andrews, Matthew Page. 

385, 395, 537 

Ault, Dorothy Peak 489 

Aycock, B. L 169 



AUTHORS 
98 



B. W. J 52 

Baird, John R 95 

Barclay, Hugh G 148 

Bartee, Mrs. E. D 136 

Barton, Maj. Randolph.. 119 

Beadles, J. M 471 



^opfederat^ l/eterap. 



Bean, Capt. R. T 136 

Beard, Capt. Richard.... 94 

Bemis, Maj. G. H 394 

Berkeley, Lieut. F. C... 149 

Berry, Clifford 493 

Bickers, D. G 

78, 253, 293, 343, 393, 4S5, 535 

Bingham, Col. Robert.... 549 

Blacknall, O. W 

112, 118, 232, 301 

Blacknall, Maj. T. H.144, 234 

Blake, Harold R . 309 

Boyle, Mrs. Virginia Fra- 

zer 356 

Bradwell, I. G 109, 408 

Brewer, John W 3S3 

Brooke, Rupert Til 

Browne, Capt. J. M 491 

Buck, Capt. S. D 42 

Callaway, James SIT 

Carr, Julian S 57, 252 

Cawein, Madison 226 

Cameron, W. L 260 

Childs, H. T 19. 164 

Christian, George L 527 

Clayton, W. F 96 

Conner, Judge H. G 203 

Conway, Dr. W. B 471 

Crowder, Calvin Stoddard. 147 

Crozier, Granville H 556 

Cummings Judge C. C... 494 
Curtis, Flnley Paul, Jr. . 

303. 167 

Dandridge, Danske 

Danner, Capt. A. C 22 

Denny, Bishop Collins.. 198 

Dew, R. J 75 

Donoho, Dr. A. G 27 

Douglas, Gen. H. T 153 

Doyle, W. E 3S5 

Drummond, John A 364 

DuBose, John W 460 

Edwards, Joab I.0i 

Emerson, Mrs. B. A. C... 352 

Everett, Lloyd T 405 

Faj . Frances C S3! 

Kenton, Capt. A. Ward.. 349 

Fenton, Capt. E. F 500 

Ferguson, J. M 603 



Field, Al G 98 

Field, Mrs. Lydia 539 

Fitzpatrick, L. A 25 

Flatau, L. S 468 

Fletcher, R. V 467 

Gailor, Bishop Thomas F. 251 

Gaines, Sam M...45. 234, 572 

Gambrell, J. B 540 

Gish, Grace Imogene.... 70 

Glassell, Lieut. W. T 113 

Goolrick, Mrs. Frances.. 673 

Gorgas, Mrs. Amelia 110 

Gulledge, F. A 234 

Hagy, P. S 76. 416 

Hale, W. R 527 

Hall, L I4E 

Hamlett, Mrs. W. J 429 

Hanks, C. J 79 

Hansell, Charles p 463 

Harbaugh, T. C 11, 469 

Hardin, J. H 4S1 

Harris, G. B.. .lr 233 

Harris, Dr. T. C 627 

Harrison, Dr. W. C 3 

Hart, C. C 20 

Harte, Bret 177 

Haw, Miss M. J 29 

Higgins, John W 78 

Hlghtower, T. H 345 

Holland, J. G 409 

Hope, James Barron 84 

Hunter, Capt. J. T 362 

Hyde, Mrs. A. B 235, 248 

Jacobs, Mrs. Eloiso Tyler. 26 

John, Samuel Will 12 

Jones, A. C 24 

Jones, A. D 106 

Jones, Dr. Cicero 392 

Johnson. E. Polk 287 

Johnson, W. A 4 in 

Kearney, W. H 97 

Kelsey, Jasper 71 

Kerlin, Helen D 259 

Kincheloe, Hon. D. H.... 264 

Lanier, Sidney 648 

LeCand, Capt. F. J. V 169 

LeMonnier, Dr. Y. R 337 

I.itllelielil. A. W, .7, 346, 364 



Lovett, H. M 320, 455, 624 

-Uaclachlan, Rev. H. D. C. 261 

McCabe, Col. W. Gordon. 55 

McFarland, Judge L. B.. 10 
McNellly, Dr. James H. . 
147, 232, 245. 249, 34S, 

392, 398, 453. 502. 654 
Maffltt. Mrs. Emma M... 

157, 217. 264. S16 

Markham, Edwin 104 

Mason, Richard.. 396, 456, 601 

Matthews, William D 394 

Mock. L. Byrd 23 7 

Montgomery. II. A 636 

Mosley, T. J 93 

N'ewman. Ellen H 4 

Xewman, Mrs. S. II 144 

'>ekenden, Ina II. Porter. 20S 

Osborne, Dr. Hampden... 226 

Overley, Milford 464 

Overman, Mrs. Viola M.. 3 

Owen, H. T 468 

Patterson. G. G. S IE 

Patteson. William Ward. . 106 

Pearce. James A 562 

1 'parson, A. A 6 

Peters, Thomas 53S 

Pickett, w. G 184 

Kile, George 28, 394 

Porter. James E '.'is 

Randall, James R 397 

i: .st. P. J 8, 356 

Rauton, Capt. II. P 119 

Reed, J. C 62 

Reid. W. D 612 

Requier, A. J 168 

Rhea. W. L 4, 302 

Roberts, Deerlng J 240 

Rose, Mrs. S. E. P 146 

Round, George C 98 

Rowland, Miss Kale M.. 19S 

Salmon, Hon Harvey W . . 143 

Savery, Col. P. M 445 

Scogglns, Samuel 446 

Selph, Mrs. Fannie E.... 658 

Shaw, W. T 116 



Shepherd, Dr. Henry E. . 
51, 214, 253, 306. 366, 

411, 504, 548 

Shepherd, Judge Lewis. . . 257 

Sheppard, John L 248 

Shlshmanian, John A.... 344 

Smith, Bridges 196 

Smith, Emma Frances Lee 

51, 193. 447 

Smith, Dr. R. A 267 

Stevens, Mrs. Flora E.S3, 154 

Stickley, E. E 399 

Stiles John C 

14, 80, 120, 156, 161, 270. 
221, 317, 368, 414. 464, 

514, 661 

Sullvane, Clement 490 

Tarrant. F. W 162 

Temple, Mrs. W. 308 

Thompson, Will H 216 

Ticknor, F. 246 

Timrod, Henry 156 

Tingiey, Helen Eloise B. . 11 

Traylor, F. P 417 

Trice. C. W 112 

Trimble. Gen. Isaac R. . . 209 

Turpin. J. A 17 

Tyler. Lyon G 606 

Tyson, Col. L. D 641 

Uhler, Mrs. L. E 62 

Fntermeyer. Louis 305 

Vinson, J. Stokes 28 

Wagner, H. H 401 

Wallcs, Dr. L. A 9, 107 

Walker. C. W 402 

Watkins, S. R 166 

Watson. Hon. W. A 448 

Watson, Annah Robinson. 287 

Watrous, J. a 395 

Watt, Mrs. Mary Phelan. 366 

Whitman, James P 66 

Whitsltt, Rev. W. H 357 

Wilson, Woodrow 296 

Womack. J. K 74 

Wright, Rev. E. A 16 

Young. Gen. Bennett H. . 

67. 397, 406 






4 




MARKER PLACED BY THE GOVERNMENT AT APPOMATTOX C. H„ VA. 



The formal surrender of General Lee's forces took place In the home of 
Wllmer McLean, on the other side of the villag-e. 



Ma——— 



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service of sixty years in 
the United States to exem- 
plify the definition of the 
words "to insure" — viz., 
"to make certain or se- 
cure." Every loss claim- 
ant insured in this Com- 
pany and affected by the 
serious conflagrations in 
this and other countries 
will, we believe, testify to 
the sense of security they 
experience in possessing 
our policies and of satis- 
faction at our settlements. 



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DEPARTMENT OF 

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and Designs 

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INSCRIPTION TABLETS Newb U ry P o rt 

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LEADING ARTICLES IN THIS NUMBER. r\uj. 

Historic Apple Tree at Appomattox. By Mrs. Viola M. Overman 3 

Statistics from Records in the War Department. By Dr. W. C. Harrison 3 

The Men in Gray — A Tribute. By Ellen Hammond Newman 4 

Confederate Memorial in Helena, Mont 6 

A Voice from New England. By Dr. A. W. Littlefield 7 

Longstreet according to Lee and Johnston. By P. J. Rast 8 

A Reversal of Accepted History. By Dr. L. A. Wailes 9 

Sword Combat between Colonel Ballentine and Maj. Schaefer de Bernstein. By 

Judge L. B. McFarland 10 

Bars and Stripes. (Poem.) By Helen Eloise Tingley n 

Alabama Corps of Cadets. By Samuel Will John 1 2 

Missionary Ridge. By John C. Stiles 14 

Yellow Jackets in the 4th Mississippi. Bv G. G. S. Patterson 15 

After the Battle of Plymouth, N. C. By Rev. E. A. Wright 16 

Fight in a Mississippi Church in 186'?. By J. Archer Turpin 17 

Battle of Seven Pines. By H. T. Childs 19 

How Mosby Saved the Day. By C. C. Hart 20 

"Unknown." (Poem.) By T. C. Harbaugh 21 

A Soldier of Missouri. By Capt. A. C. Danner 22 

Defenders of Fort Gregg 23 

Texas and Arkansas at Fort Harrison. By A. C. Jones 24 

Obstructing Grant's Advance. By L. A. Fitzpatrick 25 

Commodore Montgomery. By Mrs. Eloise Tyler Jacobs 26 

A Long Night. By Dr. A. G. Donoho 27 

Capture of General Prince. By George C. Pile 28 

In Memory of the Brave. (Poem.) By Miss M. J. Haw 29 

My Old Black Mammy. (Poem.) By Estelle T. Oltrogge 45 

Departments : Last Roll 30 

U. D. C 36 

C. S. M. A 41 



Capt. John Kennedy, of Selma, Miss., 
has back numbers of the Veteran for 
sale. Any one interested will please 
communicate with him. 



Dr. Milton Dunn, of Aloha, La., makes 
inquiry for W. M. Elton, a native of 
Virginia and a jeweler by trade, who,, 
when Virginia seceded, left Montgomery, 
La., and volunteered with the troops, 
from that State. 



Mrs. Helena B. Thorpe, 971 Menlo 
Avenue, Los Angeles, Cal., is trying to 
secure information of John Connor, who 
is said to have been killed in the battle 
of Shiloh. His wife seeks admittance 
to a Confederate Home. 



A. P. Campbell, of Auburn, Ky., wants 
to correspond with some member of the 
16th Tennessee Cavalry who can tell him 
whether or not this company was com- 
posed of remnants of other companies. 
His father was Jasper J. Campbell, of 
this company. 



W. R. Adams, of Lamed, Kans. r 
wants to locate a sword lost during the 
war. It was turned over to an officer 
of the 54th Virginia the next morning 
after the last day's battle of Chicka- 
mauga. His name, rank, company, and 
regiment were inscribed on the 'scab- 
bard. 



J. A. Clark, American Business Col- 
lege, Pueblo, Colo., desires to get in 
communication with any survivor of 
Henderson's Scouts, commanded by 
Major Alexander. His father, Joseph 
Dent Clark, was a member of these 
Scouts, who were in several important 
raids. 



Mrs. Charles H. Miller, 2516 Broad- 
way, Little Rock, Ark., wants to know 
in what regiment her father, F. M. 
Ward, served. He was with Com- 
mander Hawthorne during the winter 
of 1864-65 in Camden, Ark., and was in 
Marshall, Tex., at the time of the sur- 
render. He served under Maj. William 
B. Street in the commissary department. 

SECRETARIES WANTED 

Southern ladies of education and refine- 
ment to travel as field secretaries tor 

"The Mildred Rutherford Historical Circle" 

Must be energetic and over 35 years old. 
Excellent opening. Apply to 

J. STANDISH CLARK, Business Manager 

1824 Jefferson Bank Building 
Birmingham, Ala. 






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Entered at the post office at Nashville, Term., as second-class m. titer. 

Date given to subscription is the month of expiration. 

All remittances should be made to the Confederate Vrtkkan, 

and all communications so addressed. 
Published by the Confederate Veteran Company, Nashville, Tenru 




OFFICIALLT REPRESENTS; 
United Confederate Veterans, 

United Daughters of the Confederacy, 

Sons of Yi rru.ws and Other Oro animation's, 

Confederated Southern Memorial Association; 



Thnnsrh men deserve, they may not win, success; 

The brave will honor the brave, vanquished none the less. 



Price, $1.00 per Year. (. 
Single Copy, 10 Cents. ) 



Vol. XXV. 



\ \SIIYI1.LE, TENN., JANTJ \RV. 191; 



No. 1. J 



S. A. CI NNINGHAM, 

Founder. 



HISTORIC APPLE TREE AT APPOMATTOX. 

BY MRS. VIOLA M. OVERMAN, CORRESPONDING SECRETARY DIXIK 
CHAPTER, U. D. C, ST. PETERSBURG, FLA. 

A tablet has been erected by the government in the old 
apple orchard near Appomattox. Ya., commemorating the spot 
sacred to all Southerners for the part it played on that his- 
toric April day of the tragedy of the sixties. There was an 
apple tree figuring in the incidents of that day, but it was 
not the scene of the surrender, as many Northern historians 
would have us believe. That event, as all Southerners know, 
took place in a stately and dignified manner in the home of 
Wilmer McLean, at the opposite edge of the village, quite a 
distance from the tree. 

Gen, Fitzhugh Lee, in his splendid biography of his hon- 
ored uncle, makes this statement which clears up forever the 
part that the apple tree played in the tragedy: "A white flag 
of truce went out from the Southern ranks; the firing ceased 
the war in Virginia was over. Colonel Babcock, the bearer 
of General Grant's last note, found General Lee near Appo- 
mattox Courthouse, lying under an apple tree upon a blanket 
spread upon some rails." 

The great general, though thoroughly exhausted in body, 
mind, and soul, positively refused to leave his army even for 
a few moments of rest and recuperation. 

This apple tree, famous since in song and story on account 
of its association with the hero of the Southland, was literally 
carried away by the boys of the gray army during that dark 
week of their disbandment. They did not mean to destroy the 
tree ; far from that. But when each took a bud, a leaf, a 
twig, bits of bark and wood, soon there was nothing left. 

This spot is now a part of a thousand-acre tract of land 
owned by Maj. George A. Arms, of Washington, D. C. Dur- 
ing the war the Major owned the farm adjoining this orchard. 
He is familiar with the incident of the tree, and it was prob- 
ably through his influence that the tablet was erected. 

Just one glance at the tablet, and those memorable words 
of General Lee's flash again before us: "There is nothing left 
to do but to go to General Grant, and I would rather die a 
thousand deaths." 



STATISTICS PROM RECORDS IN THE WAR 
DEPARTMENT. 

BY DK. W. C. HARRISON, LOS ANGELES, CAL. 

The population of the North in 1861 was 24,000.000; the 
population (whites only) of the South was 6,000,000; excess 
in the North, 18,000,000. 

Subject to military duty in the North, 4,007,362; subject to 
military duty in the South, [,064,192; excess in the North, 

M [,170. 

Enlistment in the North, 2,778,304 ; enlistment in the South, 
642,000; excess of the North over the South. 2.136,304, more 
than 4 to I. 

\t the close of the war the \'<irth had 1.000.516; the South. 
250,000; excess in the North, 750,516. 

M^re than 98,000 of the Southern army were then in prison. 
Grant refused to exchange prisoners. 

The South was not a unit. Missouri furnished to the 
Northern army 109,111; Kentucky, 75,760: Virginia, 32,060; 
Tennessee, 30.002; other States of the South, 122,253. Total, 
271,076. 

In addition to the above, the South furnished 186,017 
negroes ami 3,530 Indians. Grand total furnished, 460.623 

Northern soldiers in Southern prisons. 270.000; Southern 
soldiers in Northern prisons. 220,000; excess in Southern 
prisons, 50,000. 

Southern soldiers died in Northern prisons, 26.436; North- 
ern soldiers died in Southern prisons, 22,570: excess of South- 
ern soldiers died, 3,866. 

Soldiers engaged in the Southern army : Seven Days' Bat- 
tles, 50.830; Sharpsburg (Antietam), 35.205; Fredericksburg. 
78.110; Chanccllorsville, 57.212; Wilderness, 63,000; Gettys- 
burg, 62.000; Chickamauga, 44,000; Appomattox, 27.195. 

Soldiers engaged in the Northern army: Seven Days' Bat- 
tles. 115.240; Sharpsburg (Antietam), 87,164 (2 to i) ; Fred- 
ericksburg, 110,000: Chancellorsville. 131,661 (2 to ; Wil- 
derness, 141,000 (2 to 1) ; Gettysburg, 95,000; Chickamauga. 
65,000; Appomattox, 120,000. 

Enlisted foreigners. 504.000; enlisted negroes, 186,017. 

Federals killed and wounded. 350,528; Confederates killed 
and wounded, 133.821 ; excess of Federals, 225.707. 



4 



Confederate l/eteran. 



Confederate l/eteran. 

S. A. CUNNINGHAM, Founder. 
Office: Methodist Publishing House Building, Nashville, Tenn. 

All who approve the principles of this publication and realize its benefits as 
an organ for Associations throughout the South are requested to commend 
Its patronage and to cooperate in extending its circulation. Let each one be 
constantly diligent. 



CONFEDERATE RATIONS. 

BY SAM M. GAINES, WASHINGTON, D. I 

Though I did not fight for bread, 
Often, to my consternation, 
I had inside information 

As to one unfed Con fed. 

Yet I feasted in a way 

Without any special merit — 
Love of country and its spirit 

Gave me three square meals a day. 



THE REUNION IN WASHINGTON. 

The time for the U. C. V. Reunion in Washington has been 
practically set for the week of June 4. So writes Col. Robert 
N. Harper, Chairmaii of the Reunion Committee, and as soon 
as it is definitely settled Commander in Chief Harrison will 
make the official proclamation. The good news also comes 
that the outlook for a great Reunion grows more and more 
favorable. Reports from different States as to the attendance 
are enthusiastic and promising, and the feeling grows that 
this will be the greatest Reunion ever held, with the largest 
attendance and more Veterans and Sons of Veterans in uni- 
form and more military bands and drums and fife corps than 
ever before. 



RECORD OF STATE TROOPS. 

W. L. Rhea, of Knoxville, Tenn., makes a suggestion along 
the line that has been advocated by the Veteran and which 
is still strongly indorsed : "I have often wondered if the State 
of Tennessee has a record of the names of every soldier who 
served in any way in the Confederate army. I was born in 
Sullivan County, Tenn., and lived there until I was twenty-one. 
This county was truer to the Southern cause than any in East 
Tennessee. I have a list of about eight hundred who served 
from my county, but that is not all. I have several companies 
•complete. If the State has not a record of her soldiers, don't 
you think it would be a good idea for the Veteran to make 
an effort through its columns to stir up an interest in all the 
counties of the State among the old soldiers who are left to 
get up the names of those who served in their companies, in 
what battles they fought, who were killed, wounded, captured, 
and died, and who fought to the last? The State should have 
the names of the brave soldiers who served in her defense and 
in defense of their Southland. I should like very much to see 
the effort started at once." 

[The leading editorial in the Veteran for January, 1916, 
stressed the importance of these State records being compiled 
while there are survivors who can help make up lists of mem- 
bers of their commands. There is no greater work now be- 
fore the Veterans, Sons of Veterans, and Daughters of the 
Confederacy, and every State legislature in session this year 
should be asked for an appropriation for that purpose, if this 
lias not already been done.] 



THE MEN IN GRAY. 

BY ELLEN HAMMOND NEWMAN, DADEVILLE, ALA. 

I am proud that I am a Daughter of the Confederacy. My 
father, H. W. Hammond, went through the entire four years 
of the war. He was thrice wounded, once almost fatally, and 
languished in prison for many weeks. He is still hale and 
hearty at the age of seventy-three years. 

My maternal grandfather, Samuel Abernathy, saw three 
sons and three grandsons don their uniforms of gray to join 
the ranks of Southern heroes. All of them did not go at the 
beginning of the struggle, but they all saw hard service. The 
remarkable fact about these men is that they all survived the 
war and are all still living. The oldest of the sons is now 
eighty-three years of age, and the youngest is seventy-six. 
The youngest grandson is seventy-one years old. This lon- 
gevity in one family is somewhat wonderful, I think, and 
worthy of note. 

Is it any wonder that I love the South? I love the cause 
for which brave men bled, died, and — lived. I honor with a 
tender reverence the few gray-haired, crippled veterans who 
are left to us. To me there is something beautiful about 
them. They saw the grand old South laid waste. The flower 
of her young manhood was maimed or slain. Her banner 
trailed in the dust. 

After the hopeless struggle was over, the remnant of a 
gallant band returned to homes once prosperous and happy ; 
but many of them were in ashes, their loved inmates scattered, 
some of them dead. Did they give way to despair, these men 
in gray? Not for a moment; but with the same wonderful 
courage which had characterized them as soldiers through all 
the dark days of war they set about the rebuilding of their 
homes, their fortunes. 

We of a later generation will never know the hardships 
they endured, the indignities they suffered, and the obstacles 
they overcame. As a result of their faithful efforts our beau- 
tiful Southland has blossomed like the rose. From the ashes 
of the Old South they have built the most glorious country 
under the sun. We who are descendants of these brave sol- 
diers who wore the gray have a heritage that is beyond price. 
Courage and sacrifice were the themes to which the melodies 
of their upright lives were pitched — courage in the face of 
danger that few of us who have lived in the days of peace 
can imagine without a wondering gasp. 

Slowly the shades of evening gather and thicken over the 
dwindling hosts in gray. Faster and yet faster these old men 
tread bravely the path of the twilight out into the brighter 
day that lies beyond. Let me urge that we younger ones do 
all that we can to make happy the remaining years of the 
heroic men who gave to the South her Confederate history, 
who added new honor to American manhood and a new luster 
to American history ; those noble men, 

"The knightliest of that knightly race, 
Who, since the days of old, 
Have kept the lamp of chivalry 
Alight in hearts of gold." 



Members of the Provisional Congress, C. S. A. — Who 
knows of a surviving member of the Provisional Congress, 
C. S. A., which convened at Montgomery, Ala., in 1861 ? If 
there is one now living, the Veteran will especially appreciate 
this information. 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai}. 



HONORARY COMMANDER KENTUCKY DIVISION. 

A signal honor was bestowed upon Gen. Bennett H. Young 
during the late reunion of the Kentucky Division, U. C. V., 
held in Louisville during the State Fair, when he was made 
Honorary Commander of that Division for life. General 
Young has been President of the Confederate Home of Ken- 
tucky since it was established. 

After the election of officers Gen. W. J. Stone asked the 
Adjutant General to take the chair and offered the follow- 
ing resolution, which was adopted by a rising vote: 

"Whereas more than fourteen years ago Gen. Bennett H. 
Young, long Commander of the United Confederate Veterans, 
cooperated with others in the organization of the Kentucky 
Confederate Home in igoi ; and whereas General Young has 
been President of the Kentucky Confederate Home since its 
existence, has written all the legislative acts which affected 
it and secured its maintenance, prepared the appeals to the 
people of the Stale for contributions, canvassed the Stale to 
secure the money necessary to buy and conduct said Home, 
has been its chief executive during this lengthened period, 
and has refused always even to collect the expense incurred 
by him in the service of the Home; therefore be it 

"Resolved, That in recognition of the long, faithful, and ef- 
ficient service of (uncial Young to the Kentucky Confed- 
erate Home, and through it to all the Confederate veterans "t 
the State, the Kentucky Division in annual reunion now here- 
by elects and designates Gen. Bennett 11. Young Honorary 
Commander of said Division for life" 

General Young detailed the plans for the memorial to Presi 
dent Davis at Fairview, Ky . and submitted some blue prints 
showing the nature and character of the obelisk to be erected 
there. He claims that it will be the highest memorial in tin- 
world except the Washington Monument. This memorial will 
reflect great credit on Kentucky and the South. It is planned 
to dedicate this in October. 10 1 7. 



might dun the glory accorded the Grand Army of the Repub- 
lic.' 

"The English have been calling the Germans 'Huns' because 
of what was done in Belgium. Their record there was no 
worse than that of the soldiers of Sherman or Sheridan or 
others whose devastations have not been the subject of so 
much comment." 



////■■ SOUTH'S SUFFERING. 

No people in Europe, except the Poles and the Serbians, 
have yet suffered one-half the physical hardships and priva- 
tions that the people of the South endured in the War betwi 1 n 
the States. Nor has any part of Europe, except Poland and 
Serin. 1. been devastated as Sheridan devastated the Shenan- 
doah Valley, as Sherman devastated the broad zone through 
which he marched from Atlanta to the sea. Europe has 
wasted blood and treasure on a scale never before approached, 
hut none of the principal belligerents has experienced war 
as tin- South knew it in the last year of the Confederacy 
Xor has any COUntTJ nude such sacrifices as the South made 
before it yielded to ruthless necessity. — Acre York World. 

The Nashville Banner comments thus 

"The World makes these statements the basis of a conclu- 
sion that none of the warring nations of Europe is yet ready 
for peace. What is said of the South's suffering, its en- 
durance and its pluck, is a tribute to the defenders of the 
Confederacy, the more to he appreciated because it is all true 

"During the late campaign some of the Republican orators, 

notablj Colonel Roosevelt, professed great indignation be- 
cause Secretary of War Baker had said that American sol- 
diers of the Revolution had been guilty of irregularities. If 
all the acts of vandalism committed by the Union armies in 
the South during the War between the States were recorded, 
many volumes would be required to contain them, and it 



SURRENDERED WITH TORREST. 

The movement to suitably mark the spot where General 
Forrest surrendered at Gainesville, Ala., brought the follow- 
ing response from one of the survivors of that notable occa- 
sion — A. A. Pearson, of Kansas City, Mo., who evinces special 
interest in the undertaking. The letters was sent to Mrs. C. 
W. McMahon. of Livingston, Ala., of Sumter Chapter, U. 
D. C, to whom contributions may he sent: 

"From the Confederate Veteran for November I learn that 
you and Sumter Chapter will duly mark with an appropriate 
monument the spot in Gainesville, Ala., where General For- 
rest surrendered. The idea is surely very commendable, and 
1 as a member of General Forrest's escort want to start your 
subscription with a $5 contribution. 

"1 still have my parole, dated at Gainesville on May 10, 
1865. General Forrest kept an escort of from one hundred to 
two hundred men, which he used largely to assist any weak 
spots in the lighting line when they were being hard pressed 
by superior numbers of the enemy and needed assistance 
quickly. I think there were just one hundred and two of us 
present with General Forrest on the day of the surrender, Maj 
10, 1S65. Our paroles were signed by Mai Gen. E. K. S 
Candy and Brig. Gen. E. S. Dennis. 

"My memory runs back over the intervening space of fifty- 
two years since that date, and a somewhat dimmed mental 
picture of Gainesville shows it to me as a straggling village 
on the banks of the Tombigbee River. I remember well its 
hotel, because I and the other live men, or rather boys, of 
my mess made a bee line for the hotel, as we were in a chronic 
state of hunger in those days. We were a little surprised 
that we hid to buy tickets at $10 each for dinner before enter- 
ing the dining room. While this was about $5 higher than we 
had paid at any time before, it in no way deterred our going 
in. We were on the waiting list, and as soon as seats were 
vacant we captured them and went through the menu, which 
was delivered orally from soup to pic. Having finished the 
meal, we were just ready to leave the table when a new waiter 
rushed Up, grabbed the pie plates, thinking we had just come, 
and asked if we would have soup. We answered Acs' and 
went clear through the meal again, thus filling up vacuums 
and unoccupied spaces in our "internal labyrinths' that had 
been accumulating for several days. In fact, when we left 
West Point. Miss., to dash across and intercept General Wil- 
son's U. S. A. cavalry raid just above Selma, we did not ex- 
pect 12.000 men, armed with seven-shooting rifles, to come 
against General Forrest's 3.500 men available, armed with the 
one-shot Sharp rifle mostly; but that is just what did occur. 

"Near Bulger's Creek, south of Plantersville, as near as I 
can remember, when that bunch of Yankees with those seven- 
shooting rifles hit our line, we decided to retire to more 
advantageous positions at Selma. I will not at this time de- 
scribe the celerity of our actions or the absence of placidity 
that pervaded our hoys in reaching the Selma lines. How- 
ever, when we reached the Selma lines and the boys looked 
them over with critical eyes, our illustrious commander de- 
cided that he did not want to utilize the Selma lines as a 



Qoi)federat^ l/eteraij. 



cemetery for his boys. Anyway, Gainesville, perched high 
upon the banks of the Tombigbee, would be a far more beau- 
tiful and picturesque place to go into camp. In fact, many 
of our boys did not go through Selma ; they took a short 
cut just above the town, where the water was fine and the 
swimming good. It was in that fight above Selma that Lieut. 
Nath Boone, of that escort, fat, fair, forty, and a fearless 
fighter, had a decoration just the shape of a horseshoe carved 
on the side of his head by the sharp saber of one of Wilson's 
men. I examined that old scar of Lieutenant Boone's in 
Lincoln County, Tenn., a few years after the war, and he said 
that big roan horse exercised uncommon good judgment in 
taking him away from such a mix-up of men where they 
were so uncouth as to say, 'Go to the rear, d — you,' when 
they decorated his head. 

"In conclusion, I wish you most eminent success in your 
laudable efforts to commemorate and pass on to the future 
generations the spot where one of the greatest cavalry gen- 
erals, Nathan Bedford Forrest, surrendered his command, 
and he and they returned to the peaceful pursuits in this now 
reunited, greatest nation of earth." 



CONFEDERATE MEMORIAL IN HELENA, MONT. 

The 5th of September, 1916, was made memorable in the 
city of Helena, Mont., by the presentation of the Confed- 
erate memorial fountain as a gift from the Winnie Davis 
Chapter, U. D. C. It was in 1903 that this Chapter began 
its work for a Confederate memorial, and in this it was aided 
by other Chapters of the State. So on the evening of Sep- 
tember s, in the glow of the long Montana twilight, an in- 
terested throng gathered to witness the unveiling ceremonies. 
Judge R. Lee Word, of the district court, acted as master 
of ceremonies. The speech of presentation was made by 
Miss Georgia C. Young, the veil was drawn by Mrs. Will 
Aiken, and the water was turned into the fountain by Mrs. 
F. S. Read, these ladies being the only charter members of 
Winnie Davis Chapter now residing in Helena. On behalf of 
the city the fountain was accepted by City Attorney Edward 
Horsky, who expressed the appreciation of the municipality 
for this splendid gift. 

This beautiful memorial, which cost approximately two thou- 
sand dollars, stands in Great Northern Park, near the heart 
of the capital city, on the western rim of historic old Last 
Chance Gulch and near the Great Northern passenger sta- 
tion. The site is such that it is accessible, and the fountain 
fits into the landscape most charmingly. 

The base upon which the fountain is placed is rectangular 
in form, bordered by heavy granite copings and approaches 
being on opposite sides, corresponding to the east-and-west 
axis of the park. These will be bordered by flower beds, 
and trees and shrubs will be placed about the fountain. 

On the other sides are granite seats with supports having 
classic lines. There are two basins. Bubbling drinking foun- 
tains at its north and south sides are so designed as to en- 
hance the beauty of the lines of the fountain. The upper basin 
is about six feet in diameter, supported on an octagonal ped- 
estal springing from the lower basin. This pedestal is orna- 
mented by conventional water plant leaves. 

Rising out of the upper basin is an octagonal shaft, upon 
opposite sides of which are two inscriptions in cut letters, 
also with panels and ornament of carved leafage. Upon one 
side is this inscription : "A Loving Tribute to Our Confed- 
erate Soldiers." Upon the other are chiseled these words : 



"By the Daughters of the Confederacy in Montana, A.D. 
1916." 

Four bronze spouts spill water from this pedestal into the 
upper basin. In addition, there are four low jets bubbling 
through the surface of water in the upper basin, which, to- 
gether with two overflow spouts from the drinking fountain 
and the water spilling from the upper into the lower basin, 
form pleasing lines and graceful patterns. 




THE MEMORIAL FOUNTAIN. 

The whole is surmounted by a bronze lantern, giving to the 
shaft something of the proportions of a lighthouse, the dis- 
tance from platform to top of light being about nine feet. 
The designer, Mr. George H. Carsley, the well-known archi- 
tect of Helena, was inspired somewhat by the memorial 
fountain erected in Washington City to the memory of Fran- 
cis Davis Millett and Col. Archibald Willingham Butt, two 
heroes who lost their lives in the sinking of the Titanic. 

Except for the bronze spouts and the floor of the platform, 
the material used in the fountain is native Montana granite. 



Fine Work.— The late Gen. Greenville M. Dodge, Presi- 
dent of the Society of the Army of the Tennessee, was talk- 
ing one day about railroading. "The best piece of railroad 
work I ever heard of," he said, "was performed in 1864 in 
Maryland. The Confederates were in great need of a loco- 
motive, and their only hope was to capture one. So a small 
band of men was selected from Lee's army and placed under 
the command of a tall Georgian who had been foreman of a 
quarry and knew a good deal about derricks and rigging. 
Well, the Georgian took his men into Maryland, tore up a 
section of the Baltimore and Ohio tracks, flagged the first 
train, and with nothing but ropes dragged a locomotive fifty- 
seven miles up hills, across streams, through woods and 
swamps till they struck a line built by the Confederacy. 
When the President of the Baltimore and Ohio heard of this, 
he would not believe it. He went out and personally in- 
spected the route and said on his return that it was the most 
wonderful piece of engineering that had ever been accom- 
plished. After the war he sent for the tall Georgian and, 
on the strength of that one exploit, made him roadmaster of 
the whole Baltimore and Ohio. 'Any man,' Mr. Garrett said, 
'who can pick up a locomotive with fishing lines and carry it 
over a mountain has passed his civil service examination with 
me.' " — National Tribune. 



Qopfederat^ l/eterar). 



A VOICE FROM NEW ENGLAND. 

BY A. W. LITTLEFIELD, D.D., NEEDHAM, MASS. 

In Colonel Hunt's letter on "Boston, Past and Present" 
(November Veteran), the comments are interesting. Yes, 
we have good roadways, and our American elm is in clanger, 
not so much from Gypsy moth as from the elm beetle; years 
ago we were careless about our birds. "Watch out," preserve 
yours. Plymouth Rock is the real stone and rightly "dedi- 
cated to religious liberty." Most of the religious intolerance 
came from the Boston and Salem Puritans, not Plymouth 
Pilgrims. (My ancestors on my mother's side were born in 
Salem.) Colonel Hunt says: "If we change our government 
into a solid, compact, ccntralizcd-govcrncd country, friction 
and trouble will be laid up for future generations." Just so. 
But we "hain't a-goin' to do just no such thing." Not just 
yet, .it all events. Yes, Massachusetts has sixty per cent for- 
eign-born ; but a few of us of Anglo-Saxon blood are still 
alive, and we don't readily relinquish our hold on the direction 
of affairs. Our Governor. McCall, is of the purest Scotch 
Irish-English blood. Our little scheme for keeping control 
(you have a device in the South for doing the same thing, 
and we're just as bad, or good, as you in this respect) is to 
play off one foreign nationality against another in our local 
politics. This separates the "foreign vote," and so leaves the 
"native Yankees" in the control and majority. Howevei 
much it may pain (?) us to do it. it prevents the "furriner" 
from taking us out of house and home, doing just a-- you 
had to do with the negroes. If Colonel Hunt had gone out 
into our suburbs, he would have seen just a few "patrician 
faces" and places. 

I only wish that I might have become acquainted with the 
Veteran many years ago, for it has capital things in it, not 
only historical, but also literary. To mention just a couple 
of gems, so it seemed to me. that have appeared in recent 
numbers. "Woman's Part in War," the frontispiece for Au- 
gust, and "Robert E. Lee," on the first page of the same is 
sue. What majestic lines, "O great Confederate mothers" and 
following! And the sonnet inspired by the memorial window 
in St. Paul's, Richmond, is exquisitely beautiful both in senti- 
ment and setting. It is a great work you are doing to keep 
alive the truth and the beauty of the sacred treasures of the 
South and, too, one of these days also for the nation, that your 
sons and daughters and your children's children may know 
the truth that shall quicken them to noble endeavor for liberty 
and free government in their day and generation. Eor them 
to realize that their fathers and mothers fought for truth and 
conscience and liberty is one of the most beneficent blessings 
that the present can bestow upon the coming generations. 
And it will be good for all the nation, especially New Eng- 
land, to realize the great place and work of the Southern 
States for the common and national good. 

Such articles as that of Mr. Gihbons in the November issue 
and Dr. McNeilly's are right to the point. For years many 
of us, and there are a great many of us, believe me. have 
been teaching the same truth right here in Massachusetts. 
And the only critical comment that I have to make upon these 
two articles, especially Mr. Gibbons's, is that they incline to 
show us up at our worst, just as the Northern fanatics — 
"Uncle Tom's Cabin," of execrable memory, in particular — 
ed up the very worst of things in the ante-bellum South. 
It seems to me that "for the truth of history" such articles 
DUght to make the qualification (Dr. McNeilly does in some 
degree) that would conform to the facts such as New Eng- 



enders like mysetf know them to be. The real fact is. there 
was an clement in New England that was neither Puritan 
nor hostile to the South. The very denomination that I 
serve is full of people who hold precisely the views 1 hold. 
Such people did and are doing their level best to rid the lives 
and hearts of the present generation and the one immediately 
preceding it of the fanaticism and overausterity and hypocrisy 
inherited from Puritanism. 

While it is true that many of the preachers of the Uni- 
tarian Churches of New England were rank antislavery men, 
it is also true that the great majority of the laity of those 
Churches were in deep sympathy with the South and the prin- 
ciples for which the South contended. And the evidence of 
this statement is that nearly all abolitionist preachers in the 
ante-bellum New England Churches lost their pulpits. Theo- 
dore Parker, the hottest one of them all. was minister of an 
ndent Church which luld its services in Music Hall in 
Boston; but. with a single exception, not a single Unitarian 
pulpit of tlie region was open to him. The Unitarian people 
then, as now, arc entirely loo open minded to tolerate fanati- 
cism, and tiny were too well posted in the national and 
colonial history not to know how entirely just was the posi- 
tion of the South, But then, as now, the radicals were the 
noisiest and most intolerant; consequently the sober-minded 
and fair- minded persons here in Massachusetts got no hearing 
whatever. They were invited to coats of tar and feathers: 
thej were dubbed "copperheads"; thej were maligned and 
maltreated in many ways; but very many of them were entirely 
opposed to the invasion of the South for any cause whatever. 
And since the war many of them have taken to themselves 
husbands and wives from the South — a happy fact in which 
their children glory. 

Such descendants cherish their Southern blood as much as 
they do that of Old England that came through the settlers 
in Plymouth and Salem -and Boston. We deplore the witch- 
burning and Quaker-baiting and the anti-Southern intolerance 
quite as much as you good people of the South rightly con- 
demn such iniquities. Such attitudes show the good side of 
New England and M tssachusetts, and there arc many of us 
who are trying to do all in our power to show the truth, not 
only to the young amidst us, but to manifest it to our breth- 
ren of the South, that they may understand our feelings and 
sympathies. So please try to let your young men and young 
women who arc the glory of the South, that long since has 
risen from the ashes with which our fathers strewed your 
devastated land, know how some of us feel and think and. i i. 
reach out the hand of love and fellowship toward. For are 
not our Faith and loyalty to liberty and representative govern- 
ment tin- same? 

There is all too feeble a grasp upon these principles in our 
time; therefore all of us everywhere need to stand solidly for 
these great verities. And it must never he forgotten that 
sonic of our fathers invaded your land because forced by the 
drafts to do so. A few of our si,vs nevei invaded your soil. 
my own honored father, for example. You can't imagine the 
joy in my heart, as from time to time I stroll over your fer- 
tile fields, to know that my father's feet never trampled your 
grain nor any bullet from his musket ever pierced the heart 
of a Southern man. 

Yes, let "the truth of history" he established. And the 
\\ and its workers and contributors arc performing a 
ed labor to that end. 



8 



Qopfederat^ l/eterap. 



LONGSTREET ACCORDING TO LEE AND JOHNSTON. 

BY P. J. RAST, ROSEBUD, TEX. 

As unfriendly critics have used the pages of the Veteran 
to express their unfavorable opinion of General Longstreet's 
conduct as a soldier, it seems appropriate that the same 
medium should publish General Lee's opinion on his merit. 
The Record declares its opinion in no uncertain terms. "Ac- 
tions speak louder than words" and are less liable to misin- 
terpretation. 

When Lee took command of the army, his divisions and 
brigades were commanded by old army officers and politicians. 
Some of these were more ornamental in peace than useful in 
war. As soon as they were tested and found inefficient or 
were blockading the promotion of better men, they were either 
transferred or relegated, according to their merits, and men 
of more energy and of a higher order of military talent were 
promoted. Lee had the confidence and support of the War 
Department, and his power, so far as his army was concerned, 
was autocratic. His removals, as well as his promotions, evi- 
dence his good judgment. 

During the battles around Richmond in 1862 three major 
generals were of superior rank, but of inferior ability, to Long- 
street and were a handicap to his usefulness. They were 
transferred, and Longstreet became second in rank. In the 
smoke of these battles Lee discovered two other soldiers. 
Hood and Pickett. Whiteing was transferred and Hood pro- 
moted ; Pickett found a division ready for him as soon as he 
had recovered from his wounds. In the campaign against 
Pope the hazardous duties assigned to Jackson would hardly 
have been ordered if Lee had not had implicit confidence in 
Longstreet's prompt support. The forced march, the fight 
through Thoroughfare Gap, and the arrival on the field ready 
to strike when Pope believed him still to be far away show 
that Lee's confidence was not misplaced. At Sharpsburg Lee 
spoke of him as "my old war horse." 

Longstreet's enemies claim that at Gettysburg he was 
"sulky," "inefficient," and even "disloyal." Some contend that 
his dereliction was on the second day; others, more intelli- 
gent but equally as unjust, place his fault on the third day. 
contending that he should have made the attack with Mc- 
Laws's and Hood's Division, together with the other three 
divisions. Lee was so well pleased with Longstreet's efforts 
on the second day that he added two of A. P. Hill's divisions 
to his command, thereby placing more than half of the in- 
fantry of the army under his control. This act expresses 
Lee's opinion. McLaws's and Hood's Divisions were not used, 
for the good reason that conditions were not developed under 
which they could be used. Their ranks had been thinned the 
day before, and they had reached their limit. The enemy's 
line had been reenforced, and troops were available for further 
reenforcement. Had it been possible for them to have broken 
the enemy's line, the 6th Corps was in position to strike their 
flank and rear, telescope the line, and rout the army. To 
have advanced these divisions under the existing circumstances 
would have, been an error similar to that committed by Na- 
poleon at Waterloo and probably would have had the same 
result. 

When Longstreet was wounded at the Wilderness, the army 
felt that it was a calamity, and all were grief-stricken whose 
loyalty was not submerged in personal malice. When he re- 
turned to the army, although physically handicapped, he was 
assigned to duty as commander north and for several miles 
south of the James River, superseding Ewell, a man of su- 



perior ability. This was regarded as the point of greatest 
danger until Grant thoroughly tested this route and decided 
that the longest way around was the smoothest road to Rich- 
mond. After Pickett's defeat at Five Forks, the greatest dan- 
ger shifted to Petersburg, and Longstreet was called to that 
point. A. P. Hill was alive when this order was given, and 
Gordon was there, both men of exceptional ability; but the 
greatest danger calls for the greatest soldier, therefore Long- 
street was called. 

When the army was surrounded and other generals advised 
surrender, Lee refused to consider it until he had consulted 
Longstreet. From the beginning to the end the Record at- 
tests Lee's high estimate of Longstreet as a soldier. Their 
correspondence proves their mutual friendship. 

It is not believable that Lee ever spoke disparagingly of 
Longstreet. These reports were started to discredit Long- 
street, but are defamatory of Lee, who showed his faith by 
works and would not contradict himself in words. Further- 
more, he was too honorable to disparage even an enemy in 
his absence. It is possible than an impatient word escaped 
his lips when suffering an agony of suspense. For instance. 
at the Wilderness, when his right wing was crushed and the 
army was in great peril, he may have thought Longstreet 
slow, because in mental distress minutes seem hours. Lan- 
guage used under such circumstances expresses only mental 
torture and cannot be honestly quoted. 

It has been declared that Lee was so kind-hearted that he 
condoned dereliction rather than wound an officer's feelings. 
The Record shows that he could and would do anything 
that' would promote the efficiency of his army. It is reported, 
and it is believable, that he promoted an officer who had 
criticized him severely, saying: "I am not influenced by his 
opinion of me, but by mine of him." He eliminated unskill- 
ful officers; but as they were men of merit, only wanting in 
military talent, they were not humiliated, but transferred to 
other duties where they would be harmless and possibly use- 
ful. Some of these were competent commanders, but the 
efficiency of the army was promoted by their absence. Ma- 
gruder was of superior rank and was a handicap to both 
Longstreet and Jackson ; Whiteing's transfer opened the way 
for Hood's promotion. D. H. Hill was on detached duty 
when Chancellorsville was fought ; Rodes demonstrated that 
Hill's return was not necessary. These three were men of 
splendid courage and commanders of ability, but under the 
circumstances they were more useful on other fields. 

General Johnston was a spectator at the battle of Williams- 
burg, because "Longstreet's skillful management gave no ex- 
cuse for interference." He assigned Longstreet to the com- 
mand of the right wing of the army at Seven Pines, where 
the heaviest fighting was done and the only advantage gained. 

The two greatest generals of the war and most competent 
judges, both intimately associated with him, held Longstreet 
in the highest esteem and regarded him a master of the art 
of war. It is hardly possible that any intelligent man will con- 
tend that General Lee was infallible, but it may be confidently 
affirmed that he was incapable of falsehood or even the 
evasion of truth. Being too honorable to remain silent and 
let the censure fall upon innocent heads, he made the painful 
Inn honest confession : "It is all my fault." 

Let him whose brow and breast were calm 

While yet the battle lay with God 

Look down upon the crimson sod 
And gravely wear his mournful palm. 

— Henry Titnrod. 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 



A REVERSAL OF ACCEPTED HISTORY. 

BY DR. L. A. WAILES, NEW ORLEANS, LA. 

There is current in West India and Central American ports 
a story, a quasi reversal of accepted history, in which Admiral 
Semmes poses, not as the hero rescued from the sinking wreck 
of the famous Alabama through the intervention of a friendly 
yacht, but as the avenging corsair by fire and dynamite of 
her conqueror, the Kearsarge. This story it was the singular 
fortune of the writer to verify from the lips of living actors 
in this, one of the many sea tragedies of record in the archives 
of the United States navy. 

Some years after the loss of the Kearsarge I was a pas- 
senger on a small fruit steamer out of New Orleans bound 
for a Central American port, and at a point of our voyage 
not more than one hundred miles from the Roncador reefs, 
the scene of the Kearsarge disaster, on a dark, cloudy, star- 
less night in a placid sea, between the hours of I and 2 a.m.. 
there was a tremendous concussion, accompanied by a grinding 
noise which sounded like the keel was being torn off from 
stem to stern, a sudden stopping of the engines, then quiet 
except for the running of the sailors and crew to and fro 
over the decks. The ship had come to a rest, bow elevated 
some thirty or forty degrees, perhaps, and listed to the Star- 
board to such an extent as to render it impossible to lie in 
a bunk. From the deck in the darkness nothing was visible 
but the white surface as far as the eye could reach on even- 
side, showing clearly that we were high on a coral bank. As 
far as could be discovered, we had sustained no damage from 
the concussion, no dangerous leak or damage to the machini 1 1 
Daylight disclosed our position. About a mile, or probably 
less, in both directions, port and starboard, and forming with 
the vessel nearly an isosceles triangle, were two small keys 
(islets') of not more than an acre or two in extent, high and 
heavily timbered with tropical growth in all directions, ap- 
parently a coral reef. Soon after daylight we were sur- 
rounded by a numerous fleet of sloops, dories, and other craft 
of the turtlcrs from the Camans, small islands belonging to 
the English government in the vicinity of Jamaica. These 
marine nomads do an extensive business fishing, gathering 
sponges, a lucrative article of commerce, turtles, particularly 
the "Chelonia midas" (hawksbill), which yields the tortoise 
shell of commerce, always bearing a lucrative value; inciden- 
tally, as a side enterprise, they are wreckers, always on the 
alert for any unfortune vessel in trouble, offering their serv- 
ices for relief, and if not accepted they lie around in "watchful 
waiting" for whatever extremity may befall and often reap 
a rich harvest from such disasters, never overscrupulous in 
drawing the line between salvage and piracy. Like the old 
Norsemen, they are said to teach their offspring this final pe- 
tition in their evening prayer: "God bless mamma. God bless 
papa; God send a ship on the rocks before morning." In such 
a situation as ours the Kearsarge, after all efforts at relief 
had failed, had been temporarily abandoned pending the ar- 
rival of more efficient help and immediately fell a prey to the 
over-alert and patiently waiting wreckers. 

The first step of our captain, after realizing his helpless- 
ness, was to dispatch one of the visiting dories to Bluefields 
for relief, one or more vessels being known to be in port at 
the time. Though the weather continued tine and calm, still 
the listed position of the ship rendered our position very un- 
comfortable; and the only other passenger besides myself 
suggested to the captain that he put us ashore on the nearest 
I* 



island pending the arrival of relief. He very readily acceded 
to our request, glad, no doubt, to be relieved of our care. 
Immediately a yawl was abundantly equipped with all neces- 
saries for wants and comfort — a large tarpaulin for a tent, a 
boiled ham, crackers and sea biscuits, canned goods, coffee, 
a coffeepot and strainer to make it in, fresh water, beer ga- 
lore, and blankets and pillows; in short, if we had been plan- 
ning a picnic outing for a week in advance, we could not 
have been better fitted out. With a negro boy I had with me, 
we were put on terra firwa. We found a palm-thatched shack, 
erected by some former fishermen, which afforded all the pro- 
tection needed in that balmy tropical clime ; so we spread our 
tarpaulin on the ground for a carpet and were soon as com- 
fortable as "bugs in a rug," free from every care and ready 
to enjoy a veritable Robinson Crusoe life, not only as "mon- 
arch of all we surveyed," but with an intelligent and accom- 
plished servant and cook, a substitute "Friday," almost regal 
in our location and appurtenances. 

Early next morning we were visited by several of the fishing 
roffering to take us to the main coast, some forty miles 
away, according to their estimate, "being's we were in dis- 
tress," for the small consideration of $100. We thanked them 
for their kind and liberal offer; but as wc were comfortable 
and well provided for — in fact, rather enjoyed the situation — 
we would bide our time and await the arrival of a steamer, 
only a question of a short time. Having thus formed the 
acquaintance and affiliated, as it were, with the nomads, we 
had daily visits from them, and by the free circulation of the 
stein (tin cup") soon stimulated their garrulity and were highly 
entertained by them. I was wearing on the lapel of my coat 
C. V. button, and, attracted by it. one of them asked if 
it was a Masonic badge. In reply I asked him if he did not 
know that there had been a great war between the North and 
the South in our country, then explained that it was the badge 
of the Southern army. I also asked if they had ever heard 
of the Alabama and of Admiral Semmes. "Ad Sims!" they 
ill exclaimed in concert. "Why, we all knows Ad!" Then 
followed in reply to our questions the following story, al- 
ready premised: 

During one of the cruises of the Alabama in the Caribbean 
for repairs, water, or other reasons, the vessel put into port 
at the Camans, small islands owned by England, located in 
the neighborhood of Jamaica. The wife of one of the la- 
borers employed on the ship had presented her lord with an 
heir, and he was duly christened "Admiral Semmes" in honor 
of his great commander. "Ad Sims," as he was called, had ar- 
rived at man's estate in the intervening years after the collapse 
of the Confederacy and had, like his great namesake, become 
himself a commander in a small way. The wrecked Kear- 
sarge, having apparently been abandoned by her crew. "Ad 
Sims" assembled his wrecking piratical fleet, took quiet, un- 
opposed possession of the prey, and, having despoiled her of 
all available valuables, doubtless a rich harvest, to finish the 
job dynamited and burned the wreck to secure the copper, 
brass, and other fixtures, at that time a veritable bonanza in 
itself. Inquiring further as to the identity, habitat, etc., of 
"Ad Sims." we were informed that the "government got after 
him so hot" that he had to "skip out" from that Caman and 
take 1 fuge on a small and less accessible key. 

The naval archives bear record of the wreck and destruc- 
tion of the Kearsarge. It would be interesting to know how 
far it accords with this well-known and oft-repeated story. 



IO 



Qopfederat^ l/eterap. 



THE SWORD COMBAT BETWEEN COL. JOHN GOFF 

BALLENT1NE AND MAI. CARL SCHAEFER 

DE BERNSTEIN. 

BY JUDGE L. B. m'fARLAND, MEMPHIS, TENN. 

"0 for a muse of fire that would ascend 
The brightest heaven of invention, 
A kingdom for a stage, princes to act, 
And monarchs to behold the swelling scene!" 

Thus nearly four hundred years ago wrote the Bard of 
Avon, prologue to a play reciting the deeds of Henry V., erst- 
while Prince of Wales, whose combat with Hotspur, Henry 
Percy, was immortalized by the poet's pen. This combat for 
all these years since this play was written has had the world 
for a stage, princes of play to act, and monarchs to behold 
the swelling scene. 

The Bard of Scotland more than a century ago wrote "The 
Lady of the Lake," describing a sword combat between James 
Fitz James, King of Scotland, and Roderick Dhu, a rebel 
Highland chieftain. This romantic story, told in rhythmic 
verse, has charmed the reading world for all these years since 
its writing. The scene of this combat was at Coilantogle 
Ford, on the banks of a stream in the highlands of Scotland. 

A hundred years or more since the writing of this delightful 
story an actual combat was staged in a new continent as one 
of the acts and tragedies of a stupendous war which was an 
almost identical reproduction of Coilantogle Ford. It was 
between two officers, Confederate and Federal, fit representa- 
tives of the South and North, and it was by a small stream 
in Tennessee. The Confederate, like Fitz James, was the bet- 
ter swordsman. The Federal, "while less expert, though 
stronger far, maintained unequal war." In the first, the High- 
land chief was knightly to his foe, but overconfident of his 
prowess in discarding his targe. In the second, the Southron 
discarded the pistol, with which he could have killed his foe 
with ease and without risk, to accept the other's challenge to 
sword combat. The participants in this tragedy to be related 
were a brave Federal named Carl Schaefer de Bernstein and 
J. G. Ballentine, then a captain of cavalry under Claiborne 
and Jackson, fit actors for such a scene. 

Of the Federal, not much could be learned by the writer, to 
his regret, as his gallantry on this occasion, to be shown, mer- 
ited full recital as to him personally and to his soldierly deeds. 

The Confederate, Captain Ballentine, was of Irish ancestry. 
His father, an Irishman, fought with the French under Bona- 
parte. He rode with Ney and the Old Guard at Waterloo 
in the charge upon the British Guards between Hougoumont 
and La Haye Sainte, so thrillingly described in "Misera- 
bles." The disasters of this battle drove Ballentine, Sr., to 
America, and he purchased an estate in Tennessee near Pu- 
laski. Here his son, John Goff Ballentine, was born and 
ripened to manhood. He had all the advantages of the landed 
youth of the South and acquired the accomplishments and 
graces these advantages fostered. He graduated from Wur- 
temberg Acadamy in 1841, from the University of Nashville 
in 1845, was a member of the Harvard Law School Associa- 
tion, attended Livingston Law School of New York, and was 
practicing his profession of law at Memphis when the war 
came. In addition to these accomplishments, all outdoor 
sports and manly exercises were cultivated. His father, expert 
with a sword himself, taught him from his youth up all the 
arts of fencing and made him also an accomplished swords- 
man. At the time of his enlistment he was about five feet 



nine inches in height, slender, but with muscle and nerve of 
steel and the activity of an athlete. He delighted in fine ap- 
parel, wore his dark-brown hair long, and was a handsome 
and picturesque figure, recalling knights of the Crusades, sub- 
jects of troubadour songs and minstrel lays, or suggesting 
cavaliers of the Charles-the-First age, and yet he was no carpet 
knight, 

"Whose best boast was to wear 
A braid of some fair lady's hair," 

but had the strong virtues of virile manhood that commanded 
respect and made him as a soldier a colonel and in civil life 
a member of Congress for years. He was a splendid horse- 
man, in battle always leading his men with dash, courage, and 
abandon. 

With this foreword, the writer gives now the facts as to 
this combat in simple recital, leaving for some future "mute 
inglorious Milton," some Bard of Avon, or Scottish poet to 
give the incident the proper setting. 

In May, 1862, Colonel Claiborne, in command of two Con- 
federate regiments, the 6th and 7th Tennessee Cavalry, deter- 
mined to attack a Federal cavalry force, under Maj. Carl 
Schaefer de Bernstein and Capt. W. A. Hall and Henry Van 
Minden, then near Dresden, Tenn. Overtaking them on the 
5th of May at Lockridge Mill, on the south fork of the Obion 
River, an attack was made at once by five companies of Clai- 
borne's men under Acting Field Officer Captain Ballentine. 
This attack soon routed the enemy, who retreated in disorder, 
but individually fighting gallantly when overtaken; and for 
ten miles the pursuit and melee continued, resulting in many 
hand-to-hand conflicts. In his official report of this fight 
Colonel Claiborne states as follows : "Captain Ballentine was 
most conspicuous of all for his gallant bearing and use of his 
saber and pistol. He fired upon and mortally wounded Maj. 
Carl Schaefer de Bernstein. He engaged in a saber hand-to- 
hand combat with a brave fellow named Hoffman, who several 
times pierced the Captain's coat with his saber, but was finally 
forced to yield. Captain Ballentine also received blows by a 
carbine and was seriously bruised." 

It will be seen that Colonel Claiborne says it was Schaefer 
de Bernstein who was mortally wounded and that it was with 
Hoffman he engaged in sword combat. The other officers 
likewise agree that it was Schaefer who was mortally 
wounded, and Colonel Ballentine stated to the writer that it 
was with him the sword combat took place. The official re- 
ports were properly only meager statements of the action, 
and this paper is written to give the details and present in 
fuller light the gallantry and chivalry of Colonel Ballentine 
on this occasion as a fit meed to valor due. These details 
the writer had soon after the war from Lieutenant Somer- 
ville, of Ballentine's command, a participant in this fight and 
in part a witness to the fight itself, and subsequently from 
Colonel Ballentine himself a few years before his death, told 
reluctantly and after much persuasion. 

These details, as now recalled, are that in the pursuit of 
the Federals, who had been badly scattered, Captain Ballen- 
tine, somewhat in advance of his men, was pursuing a Federal 
officer who was covering the retreat of his men, and he 
(Ballentine), being better mounted, was gaining upon the 
Federal. This officer, Major Schaefer, gallantly covering the 
retreat of his men, crossed the bridge spanning the south fork 
of Obion River and, like Leonidas at Thermopylae, stopped 
to defend its passage. Captain Ballentine, in the lead of his 
men, came dashing down the road to the bridge and without • 
halting charged across, pistol in hand, to attack his opponent. 



^opfederat^ l/eteraij. 



ii 



As he was crossing the bridge his opponent fired several times 
at him, emptying his pistol, but without effect, while Ballen- 
tine reserved his fire for closer quarters. When within a few 
feet of his opponent, with his pistol within "six feet" (said 
Colonel Ballentine) and about to fire, Major Schaefer sud- 
denly lowered his pistol, exclaiming, "My pistol is empty; 
draw your sword," drawing his own sword at the same time. 

This appealed to all the chivalric sentiment of Ballentine's 
nature. Here was the opportunity his ardent spirit had longed 
for come at last to try his arm and sword and test his father's 
teaching. He stopped his horse on his haunches, replaced his 
pistol in his holster, and drew his saber, not a heavy one like 
his opponent's, but much lighter and shorter, though of tried 
temper. They met. Their swords flashed and crossed. They 
fought, each putting in play all the force and skill he had, 
soon intensified by early knowledge of the skill of opponent 
and seriousness of the conflict. Ballentine soon discovered 
that his opponent was the stouter of the two and his saber 
longer and heavier; but Ballentine was the better mounted of 
the two, and it was his own skill and coolness and horseman- 
ship, with the mettle and activity of his thoroughbred, that 
must overcome the odds against him. They were now hand 
to hand, sword to sword, parrying and striking, and then as 
the impetus of their charges passed each the other both would 
wheel and charge again and thrust and guard. Many attacks 
like these were renewed without wound until the brave Fed- 
eral and good swordsman brought to play his advantage of 
weight of self and blade, and in the next charge, in the mo- 
ment of contact, he with both hands delivered a descending 




blow with his heavy blade. This was met by proper guard, 
and saber met saber ; but weight and strength broke through, 
and the blade descending upon the Captain's head cut a deep 
gash, from which the blood ran down his face and in his 
eyes. 

Even this did not daunt his courage or confidence. The 
impetus of this charge carried them apart again, and in the 
interval of wheel and charge the Southron brought to play 
the speed and strength of his horse and with word and spur 
drove his horse against the opposite steed, literally riding botli 
down, and as the rider reeled the Southron pierced him 
through. He fell to the ground insensible and mortally 
wounded, and none too soon, for almost at the same instant 
exertion and wound had done their work on the Southron 
ami with him "reeled soul and sense, reeled brain and eye," 
and he too fell from his horse insensible. 

Fortunately, some of Ballentine's men came up at this in- 
stant and ministered as they could to the combatants, and 
upon returning consciousness of both they were placed in a 
country cart together and taken to the nearest town, Dresden, 
and given rooms and attention in the same house. Captain 
Ballentine soon recovered and resumed his command. The 
brave Schaefer died that night, but before he died he re- 
quested that his victor, of whom he spoke with praise of both 
his gallantry and his generosity, should have his horse, pistol, 
and sword as lawful spoil of war. 

It was said by Burke that the age of chivalry is no more. 
Had he lived and been familiar with the thousands of inci- 
dents of individual heroism that characterized our four years' 
conflict, had he witnessed the scene just described and seen 
Captain Ballentine, challenged as he was, with his opponent 
enemy absolutely at his mercy, relinquish his own advantage, 
give his enemy his life, and fight him upon equal terms, 
Burke would have said : "The age of chivalry has come again, 
and knighthood is in flown 

It is proper to add that the saber and pistol given to Bal- 
lentine in this combat came near proving fatal to the victor, 
for years after a fire destroyed the Ballentine home. The 
Colonel ran to the upper room, then in flames, where these 
were stored, but, being blinded and nearly overcome, had to 
be dragged from his peril, and the pistol and sword were 
destroyed. 



COL. JOHN GOFF BALLENTINE. 



BARS AND STRIPES. 

BY HELEN ELOISE BOOR TINGLEY. 

Marching down the dusty road with even tread and steady. 
Eyes alert for hostile move, with gun and saber ready, 
Pickett's men, the boys in gray, heroic hearts united, 
Pressing forward in the war, lest country's hope be blighted, 
Flaunted high the Stars and Bars, General Pickett leading. 
When suddenly before their eyes, without their banner heeding, 
The Stars and Stripes waved aloft from a window just hard 
_ by: 
'Twas a maid with nut-brown hair and black and gleaming 

eye 
Daring Pickett's men to fire, daring their chivalry. 

Growls of angry hatred arose, but Pickett, stern and mute, 
Turned his charger "right about'' and gave her a salute. 
Among his men none dared to do save as their gallant leader; 
Comp'ny after comp'ny gave a grand salute to greet her. 
Moved by Southern gallantry, she cried with heart e'er true : 
"I wish I had a Rebel flag so I might wave that too." 



12 



C^OQfederat^ l/eteraij. 



ALABAMA CORPS OF CADETS, 1860-65. 



BY SAMUEL WILL JOHN, CADET CAPTAIN COMPANY B, ALABAMA 
CORPS CADET, 1864-65. 

The low stage of discipline among the students of the uni- 
versity led Dr. Landon C. Garland, the president of the uni- 
versity, strongly to advise the trustees to establish a military 
department. Following this advice and Dr. Garland's able, 
active lead, the legislature was induced to pass an act, ap- 
proved February 23, i860, which required the trustees to es- 
tablish a military department in the university. To provide 
the means with which to buy the necessary equipment, the 
same act raised the amount of the university fund from 
$250,000 to $300,000, which increased the annual income from 
its endowment fund $3,000. This act required the interest at 
six per cent on this $50,000 to be computed from February 
21, 1848, to February 21, i860, and this sum ($36,000) was 
also appropriated and paid to the university. With this 
money Dr. Garland bought the necessary furniture and equip- 
ment and selected the military officers required, and on Sep- 
tember 1, i860, the students were placed in a camp of in- 
struction, with Col. Caleb Huse as commandant, Maj. James 
T. Murfee as assistant commandant, and Capts. Charles L. 
Lumsden and James H. Morrison as instructors in military 
tactics. 

Colonel Huse was a first lieutenant of artillery in the 
United States army, had been educated at the West Point 
Military Academy, and was recommended by Colonel Dela- 
field, then superintendent of the academy. A furlough till 
May, 1861, was granted to Colonel Huse by the War Depart- 
ment that he might accept the appointment as commandant. 
The other officers were graduates of the Virginia Military 
Institute and came very highly recommended. 

It was soon demonstrated that the small income of the uni- 
versity would not be sufficient to maintain the military de- 
partment, and it was determined to ask the legislature to in- 
crease the rate of interest to be paid the university on its 
fund. In order to show the legislature what military train- 
ing was then being given at the university, the corps of 
cadets, a battalion of three companies, was taken by steam- 
boat down the Tombigb?e River to Mobile, thence by another 
steamboat up the Alabama River to Montgomery. The corps 
of cadets was then reviewed by the Governor in the presence 
of the two houses of the legislature, and so favorably were 
the Governor and legislators impressed that on the next day, 
under "suspension of the rules," an act was passed by both 
houses raising the rate of interest from six to eight per cent 
per annum. The corps of cadets then returned to the uni- 
versity by the same route. 

During this entire trip of about ten days not a single in- 
fraction of discipline was reported ; and when it is remem- 
bered that on every steamboat there was an open bar, it is a 
remarkable testimonial to the manly qualities of those young 
men who in less than five months had been trained into re- 
liable soldiers. 

When it was seen that war was inevitable, a number of the 
leading spirits of the corps made a formal tender of their 
services to the Governor. A number of the cadets resigned 
and joined companies that were being formed in their home 
communities, and many did not return at the opening of the 
next session. 

In the spring of 1862 some thirty regiments of infantry and 
cavalry and a number of battalions and batteries were formed 
in Alabama for the Confederate army. They were placed 



in camps of instruction, and then under orders of the Gov- 
ernor the cadets were detailed to drill and instruct the new . 
volunteers, and many of these instructors were elected com- 
pany officers and never returned to the university; so that on 
going into camp in September, 1862, there were hardly enough 
old cadets to fill the post of cadet commissioned and non- 
commissioned officers of two companies, and when the corps 
went into barracks to take up their studies nearly all of the 
noncommissioned officers were new cadets. 

There was not a member of the senior class and but three 
juniors that year, so in July, 1863, there were no commence- 
ment exercises. The corps was reviewed by the Governor, 
and Hon. A. B. Meek, who was a trustee at the time, made a 
speech on the campus, after which the order, "Break ranks!" 
was given, and the cadets dispersed, most of them walking 
away — "homeward bound." 

On April 26, 1S64, Maj. Gen. S. G. French, accompanied 
by Brigadier Generals Ector, Ferguson, and another brigadier, 
reviewed the corps of cadets and were very warm in their 
praises of the soldierly bearing of the cadets and their well- 
nigh perfect drilling. One of these brigadiers said aloud that 
he had seen all of the "crack corps" of Europe and the cadet 
corps at the Academy (West Point) drill, but had never seen 
anything to excel the wheel of the battalion in double ranks, 
six companies front, at double-quick, that closed the exhibi- 
tion drill of the Alabama cadets that afternoon. 

When the cadet section of artillery took position to fire 
the salute on the appearance of Major General French, the 
artillerists of French's Division gathered around in a dense 
mass and loudly declared : "Those babies can't handle the 
guns." "They don't know how to load." They made many 
other uncomplimentary remarks; but when the salute was 
fired with rapidity and precision, they cheered the "babies" 
to the echo. 

At the close of the commencement exercises in July, 1864, 
the corps was furloughed for fifteen days, to reassemble at 
Selma, Ala. The Governor received dispatches informing 
him of the coming toward Montgomery of Rousseau's Cavalry 
raid, and he hastened to Montgomery. On arrival there he 
requested all cadets in the city or passing through to assemble, 
which they very promptly did and organized a temporary 
company of fifty-four cadets, which was placed by the Gov- 
ernor under the command of Lieut. George E. Redwood, C. 
S. A. This company, together with Lockhart's Battalion, 
afterwards the 62d Alabama Infantry, and a company of 
conscripts from "Camp Watts" under Captain Ready, met 
the enemy, the cadets forming the skirmish line two or three 
miles east of Cheha on Beasley's farm on Monday, July 18, 
1864, and after a hot engagement drove the enemy and pur- 
sued him as far as Auburn, when the pursuit was stopped, 
and the cadets returned to Montgomery. The Montgomery 
Advertiser, in giving an account of this action, said: "All of 
them bore themselves most gallantly, fighting as if they were 
accustomed to such work, although it was the first time they 
were ever under fire. The State cadets deserve all the praise 
bestowed on them, doing credit to themselves and the train- 
ing they have received. Still the battalion and the conscripts 
did their whole duty, evincing much coolness and courage 
under the fire of the raiders. The list of casualties will show 
that the latter, as well as the cadets, confronted the foe and 
suffered considerably. The loss of the cadets was two 
wounded, that of the battalion forty-eight killed and wound- 
ed, and of the conscripts fifteen wounded and seventeen miss- 
ing. Captain Walthall's company lost the most." 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 



13 



The corps reassembled in Selma on the appointed day with 
only two or three absentees, who were detained by sickness, 
but reported in a day or two. The corps was then ordered 
to Blue Mountain, the station at the northern end of the Ala- 
bama and Tennessee Rivers Railroad, which is about a mile 
above the city of Anniston, and after remaining there for a 
week or more were ordered to the east bank of the Coosa 
River, where the railroad crosses that stream. By the time 
the cadets had cleared out of the woods a neat camp ground 
they were ordered to Pollard and moved on the railroad to 
Selma, thence by boat to Montgomery, and there the corps 
was reviewed by the Governor. They boarded the cars that 
afternoon and arrived at Pollard next day. went into camp 
about a mile from the station, and in a few days were ordered 
to Blakely. 

On arrival at Blakely the corps marched in a heavy rain to 
Sibley's Mills and after a day or two there came back to 
Saluda Hills, a pine ridge where tradition says a part of 
Jackson's army camped in the Creek War, 1812-15. While 
in camp there many cadets were elected company officers in 
the various Alabama commands in that department Many 
were stricken down with coast, or pernicious, fever ami suf- 
fered greatly, as we had no hospital. Owing to the extra care 
of Dr. John B. Read, our surgeon, and of the officers, no 
cadets died, but many of them were walking skeletons when 
they were moved away. 

General Liddell was in command of the Confederate forces 
on the eastern shore of Mobile Bay and had his headquarters 
in the old courthouse and jail. In this old courthouse was 
the only prisoner's dock that I ever saw-. There, were no 
warehouses in which to store the supplies for the army, and 
General Liddell ordered a detail of one lieutenant, one ser- 
geant, three corporals, and forty-two men to report to him 
for provost duty. On reporting, the lieutenant was told that 
the cavalry were in the habit of helping themselves every 
night to any stores they chose and that the General could 
not get the guard to fire on them ; hence he had ordered a 
detail of cadets and ordered them to load and fire on any 
of the thieves attempting; to steal. The General made public 
these orders, and for several nights we had no visitors; but 
one morning as the sentinels were being relieved at six 
o'clock some hundred or more cavalrymen suddenly con- 
fronted the relief in the cut worn out by the road leading 
down to the wharf. The ruffians, with loud cries and oaths, 
said : "You little babies, get out of our way. or we will pitch 
you into the river." This was answered by the command, 
"Ready!" And the "click" of five rifles as one was too much 
for the thieves, and they broke, falling over one another in 
their flight They never returned. 

^ After about a month at Blakely and Saluda Mills, the rem- 

nant of the corps, under the command of State Capt. Eugene 
A. Smith, was moved back to Pollard and in a few days was 
ordered to Montgomery, where the Governor gave orders to 

tthe quartermaster general of the State, Gen. Duff Green, to 
supply the cadets with everything they needed that he could 
furnish. I was then acting as quartermaster of the corps 
and did not wait for a second invitation to "make out your 
requisition,'' which was filled promptly, even to quinine, mor- 
phine, and other medicines. The corps was then furloughed 
and reassembled at the university in September, 1864. 

In March, 1865, they were disturbed by rumors of raids 
coming from the Tennessee Valley, and on several nights the 
corps was marched across the river to Northport and be- 
yond and guarded the road leading to the bridge. When the 



first report came that Wilson's raid was coming, the post 
commandant asked that the three pieces of field artillery be- 
longing to the university be turned over to some Confed- 
erate artillerists who were at home on furlough, and they put 
the guns, horses, and harness in a livery stable and went 
home to bed. 

When Wilson's Corps was about at Elyton, Ala., Croxton's 
Brigade was detached with orders to destroy the military col- 
lege at Tuscaloosa. This brigade marched down the main 
road toward Tuscaloosa till opposite Squaw Shoals, when 
they crossed to the west side of the Warrior and came through 
Northport to the bridge, which was guarded by a few old 
men and boys, one or more of whom were killed and wound- 
ed; the bridge was taken, and a detail came into Tuscaloosa, 
went direct to the stable, harnessed the horses to the field 
pieces, and drove them to Northport, where they were placed 
"in battery," trained on the bridge and its approach. They 
also captured a Confederate officer who had been married 
that night and took him to General Croxton, where he found 
an old acquaintance who obtained permission for the prisoner 
to go under guard back to his bride to let her know that he 
was safe. 

While this was going on a runner carried the news to Dr. 
Garland, who, about 12:25 A.M. April 4. 1865. ran across the 
campus to the little guardhouse, saying: "Tell them to beat 
the 'long roll'; the Yankees are in town." The drum corps 
(negroes) slept in the guardroom, and in a moment they were 
heard "cording down" the drums, and then the "long roll" 
aroused the corps. In less than five minutes Company IV 
the color company, under Cadet Capt. Samuel Will John, was 
on the color line, fronted, and reported to Colonel Murfee, 
who was there ready to take command ; and as their report 
was made Company C, under command of Cadet Capt. Wil- 
liam H. Ross, passed behind Company B and formed on the 
right, and Company A, under command of Cadet Capt. Ade- 
mar Brady, passed on the left and formed. 

Colonel Murfee moved the corps at double-quick to the 
corner of the campus next to Tuscaloosa and ordered State 
Captains Poyncr, Murfee, and Smith to inspect the men and 
arms of their companies. As soon as this was done State 
Captain Murfee was ordered to take a platoon of Company 
C, deploy it as skirmishers, and move to the city, the corps 
following. 

Capt. John Massey, instructor, accompanied the corps, and 
Prof. William J. Vaughn "fell in" the rank of "file closers" of 
Company B, as was his custom when the corps was on the 
march." When the corps arrived opposite the Methodist col- 
lege, we saw the flashes of the guns and heard the firing 
between the business part of the city and the bridge and were 
moved at double-quick and in perfect order to the middle of 
the block next east of Greensboro Street and halted, and then 
we heard that Captain Murfee and Cadets King and Kendrick, 
of Company C, had been seriously wounded and the Yankee 
skirmish line had been driven back to the bridge. 

I was ordered to take a platoon of Company B and go to 
the street next west of Greensboro Street and then turn one 
block toward the bridge and deploy across the street and 
hold that position until further orders. In a few minutes the 
flashes and reports of the guns of the corps were seen and 
heard as they fired two or more volleys by rank, then all was 
silent, and, receiving no orders, an officer was sent to find out 
the situation. He came upon Prof. William J. Vaughn, at- 
tending the wounded, who told him of the withdrawal of the 
corps to the university and that he had heard the com- 



14 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 



mandant send orders to assemble the platoon of Company B 
and come to the university, which was dona in perfect order. 
On arriving at the campus the cadets were coming out of 
barracks with their knapsacks packed and slung, and the corps 
was formed immediately and marched to Hurricane Creek 
Eridge, the flooring of which was taken up and made into a 
barricade. 

Dr. Garland had ordered the negro waiters in the mess 
hall to put all the food that had been cooked for breakfast 
into trays and buckets, and it was taken to ilie corps at the 
bridge; and while we ate this meal we heard the explosion 
of the reserve ammunition left in the magazine and saw the 
smoke of the burning buildings of the university. 

Toward evening of April 4, 1865, the floor of the bridge 
was relaid, and the corps marched over and took the road to 
Centerville, as Dr. Garland then intended to move to Mont- 
gomery; but on nearing Scottsville we heard of the destruc- 
tion of the cotton factory there and of the bridge at Center- 
ville and of the fall of Selma on the evening of April 2, 1863, 
and the corps was then headed for Marion, which we reached 
in perfect order on the evening of April 7, 1865. The citizens 
of Marion extended to the cadets a cordial welcome and en- 
tertained them for several days with lavish hospitality. The 
corps was then furloughed till May 12, to reassemble at such 
place as might be designated. When they dispersed, every 
man found his way to his own home afoot. 

This was the end of the corps, for before the time set for 
it to reassemble the fatal tidings of Lee's, ' Johnston's, and 
Taylor's surrenders were spread throughout the State, and 
the ex-cadet doffed his gray and went to work as diligently 
as he had drilled and studied. 

List of members of Alabama Corps of Cadets, under Lieut. 
George E. Redwood, P. A. C. S., from July 17, 1864, to July 
22, 1864, as furnished by Chief Justice J. R. Dowdell, who 
fought as a private in the battle of Chehaw, July, 1864 : 

Farnham, acting first lieutenant ; Reid, acting second lieu- 
tenant; Youngblood, second lieutenant; Gunter, first sergeant; 
Billings, second sergeant ; Evans, third sergeant ; R. Craw- 
ford, fourth sergeant ; Hubbard, first corporal ; Clark, second 
corporal ; Norton, third corporal ; Burch, fourth corporal. 

Privates: Alexander, Browder, Blakey, Brewer, B. S. Bibb, 
M. Carlisle, Cox, Comer, Dennis, J. R. Dowdell, Flournoy, 
Garrard, F. Gilmer, W. B. Gilmer, Gordon, Haynes, Howe, 
Judkins, Kendrick, Knowles, A. Lane, L. Lane, Lampley, 
Manning, Marshall, McLemore, McCreary, McCloud, Moffett, 
Oliver, Pennington, Phelan, Pinkston, L. Reynolds, T. Rey- 
nolds, Slaughter, Sherman, W. Scott, Thames, Thornton, 
Thompson, Ware, Wimberly. 



MISSIONARY RIDGE. 

BY JOHN C. STILES, BRUNSWICK, GA. 

The battle of Missionary Ridge was undoubtedly the affair 
of the war in which the Confederate soldier appeared at the 
greatest disadvantage. Although on the defensive, numbering 
40.000, Grant, with 56,000 men, made the veterans of Mur- 
freesboro, Shiloh, and Chickamauga fly like whipped curs 
despite the efforts of their gallant officers to hold their feet 
to the fire. General Sherman says that "General Bragg was 
not responsible for the loss of this battle, but certainly some 
one was responsible for the disposition made for defense. 



General Alexander tells us that part of the army was at the 
foot of the ridge, and in consequence when they were forced 
to fall back, hotly pursued by the Yankees, the fire from the 
top was blanketed for fear of injuring their own men, and 
the two forces, mixed together, arrived simultaneously on 
the crest. He also states that the guns on the ridge were so 
placed that they could not be depressed sufficiently to avoid 
shooting over the enemy's head. General Bragg says : "No 
satisfactory excuse can be given for the shameful conduct of 
our troops. The position was one that should have been held 
by a line of skirmishers against any assaulting column ; and 
when the enemy reached the crest of the ridge they were in 
such an exhausted condition that the slightest effort would 
have destroyed them. But one possible reason presents itself 
to my mind in explanation of this bad conduct of veterans 
who had never failed before, and this was because for two 
days they had confronted the enemy, marshaling his immense 
forces in plain view and exhibiting to them such a superiority 
in numbers that it might have tended to intimidate them." 

The entire army, however, was not intimidated, as the panic 
never touched Hardee's Corps, which came out intact. Gen- 
eral Bragg had nothing but the welfare of the South at heart, 
but was very unfortunate in the two battles in which he com- 
manded : that of Murfreesboro, on account of lack of num- 
bers, and Chickamauga. for not harvesting the fruits of his 
glorious victory. One thing certain about the doughty General 
is that he was a famous scrapper with his subordinates, and 
there is quite a lot of space taken up in the "Official Records" 
with crimination and recrimination between him and some of 
his generals. (By the way, he struck a bad one to pick on 
when he tackled D. H. Hill.) 

It is said of Bragg that in the old United States army he 
quarreled with every one who would accommodate him and 
finally, when the source was exhausted, wound up with a 
serious difficulty with himself in the following manner: Being 
a company commander and also acting as quartermaster at the 
same time, as quartermaster he refused the requisition of him- 
self as captain for supplies for the company and altogether 
with the ensuing correspondence had a most delightful time 
on his own hook. 

Although I have not cleared up the fact as to who was re- 
sponsible for the loss of the battle, and while I am not trying 
to take any of the glory which they undoubtedly accumulated 
in this affair from the Yankee army, I can partly kill a legend 
that has been sung for many years as to the Yankee soldiers 
(enlisted men) taking the bit in their teeth and swarming the 
ridge without orders. A portion of Grant's army at least 
were ordered to make the attack, as the following quotations 
from the "Official Records" will show : 

General Sheridan says: "My judgment was that it could be 

carried, and I gave orders accordingly." 
General Hazen : "I gave the word, 'Forward !' " 
General Wagner: "I ordered the command to storm the 

works." 
Col. F. T. Sherman : "The order to advance was received 

with cheers." 

Col. P. C. Olsen : "I again ordered the regiment to advance." 
Col. M. Gooding: "The whole line was ordered forward." 
Col. Jacob Marsh says: "An effort was made to move the 

men, and it was a very difficult thing to do." 

This proves that the movement was not altogether a popu- 
lar one, at least so far as the last regiment was concerned. 



Qopfederat^ l/eteraij. 



15 



THE YELLOW JACKETS IN THE 4TH MISSISSIPPI. 

BY G. C. S. PATTERSON, ST. LOUIS, MO. 

My brother, William Frederic Patterson, sergeant of Com- 
pany E, 4th Mississippi Regiment, who died January 5, 1916, 
at the age of seventy-five years, was born in Hines County, 
Miss. Early in 1861 he and I, with about one hundred and 
ten of our neighbors, organized a company in Attala County, 
Miss., called the Attala County Yellow Jackets. The commis- 
sioned officers were: J. B. Moore, captain; John Henry, first 
lieutenant ; Jo Westbrook, second lieutenant ; Frank Peeler, 
third lieutenant. Our company, with nine other companies, 
formed the 4th Missisippi Regiment, the Yellow Jackets being 
Company B. The regiment went to Trenton, Tenn., then to 
Union City, and then to Fort Henry, on the Tennessee River. 
With the artillerymen in the fort there was already one regi- 
ment, the 10th Tennessee, all Irish, as brave a set of men as 
ever shouldered guns. We built winter quarters there for 
i86t-62, the last that we ever had. The Yankees made their 
appearance at Fort Henry on the 8th of February, 1862, and 
soon leveled the fort after having some of their gunboats 
sunk, one of them the Essex. We went from that place to 
Fort Donelson, on the Cumberland River, where on the morn- 
ing of the 16th of February, 1862, we surrendered to Gen. 
U. S. Grant after one day's hard fighting. We were taken 
on board a steamboat and sent to St. Louis. Mo., and there 
took cars for Camp Morton, at Indianapolis. We stayed there 
until the 9th of September, 1862, and were then sent to Cairo, 
111., where we boarded a steamboat for Vicksburg, Miss., then 
to Jackson, from there to Lake ronchatoula, La., and then back 
to Vicksburg. 

About the 20th of December we went up the Yazoo River 
to Snyder's Bluff. Sherman had come down the Mississippi 
and up the Yazoo to near Snyder's Bluff. But we headed 
him off, and he dropped back down the river to about oppo- 
site Blake's farm, on Cherokee Bayou, some five miles above 
Vicksburg, landed, and marched out to the farm and found two 
regiments there, the 28th and 2gth Louisiana. After a fight the 
Yankees fell back to their boats and prepared to march into 
Vicksburg the next day. But, alas ! they fell down on it. 
Two regiments and two companies of artillery from Snyder's 
Bluff came down on the night of December 31 and were sta- 
tioned in ditches that had been dug to keep the water from 
the hills off the farm. We kept concealed until they were as 
near as we wanted them, then we opened fire. I do not know 
how many were killed, but there were a good many of them. 
We lost none killed, and only a few were wounded. The Yan- 
kees went on board their boats and left that part of the coun- 
try for some time, and we were left in peace until in April, 
1863, when they anchored their fleet of boats about two miles 
off up the river above the bend. The river has a very sharp 
bend, and there is a strip of land running from below Vicks- 
burg on the opposite side of the river to above the city where 
the river makes a bend. The bend is about two miles wide. 
The river is about a mile wide opposite the city. They began 
to shell the city with mortars, throwing in some very large 
shells for that time. 

One dark night they passed our batteries with some trans- 
ports and began to bring their men across the river. My regi- 
ment was sent to Port Gibson. We had skirmishes with the 
Yankees and fell back across Big Bayou Sarah and joined 
Loring's Brigade from Grand Gulf, crossing Big Black River 
and on up it until we came to the railroad bridge on the 
road running from Vicksburg to Jackson, Miss., at that time 
called the Vicksburg and Brandon Road. We met the Yankees 



at Big Black Bayou and had a fight, then fell back to Vicks- 
burg. 

That was on May 17, 1863, and on the 18th our orderly ser- 
geant, Robert Fife, and I volunteered to go out on a certain 
point and watch for the Federals. We took position at a place 
from which a house had been moved, and we used the old 
hearth place -for a kind of protection. Soon we saw some 
Yankees and a man named Ridley, who ran a dairy close by, 
coming up a steep little hill, the captain, orderly sergeant, and 
Ridley in front. Fife suggested that he would get Ridley if 
I would get one of the others. The orderly was between me 
and the captain, and I thought that if I could shoot him in the 
stomach the bullet would pass through him and get the cap- 
tain; but it struck him just above the knee. Fife and I then 
had about one hundred yards to run to get to some timber 
where the companies were stopping. As we got near the 
timber Fife was struck by a Minie ball just above the hip. the 
ball coming out on the other side. My brother, W. F. Patter- 
son, met us and helped me carry him to a safe place, lie 
lived only a short while, but was conscious until death came. 
The fellow that I shot in the knee was the first Yankee I met 
up with after the surrender. 

The siege began on the 18th of May, 1863, and lasted until 
July 4. Had we been properly supplied with provisions, with 
Gen. Kirby Smith in command, the Yankees could not have 
taken the place. They didn't take it, anyway : we gave it up. 
They were no nearer to us when we marched outside of the 
breastworks and stacked our arms than they had been for the 
forty-eight days, hot did the soldiers come in until the second 
day. We had destroyed all powder from the magazines, mak- 
ing camp fires on the night of the 4th. 

We lay around there until the 13th before General Baldwin's 
Brigade was paroled with a day's rations of pickled pork and 
hard-tack and ordered to report at the parole camp at Me- 
ridian, Miss. A good many of us took advantage of the move 
and went by home and stayed until September, then reported 
at parole camp. From there we went to reenforce General 
Bragg at Chickamauga. getting there the day the fight was 
over. We then went back to Resaca, Ga., and went into camp 
until February, when we went into camp at Mobile, Ala. 
From there we went to Selma, Ala., and then to join Gen. 
Joseph E. Johnston on the Georgia campaign ; then, through 
thick and thin, to Lovejoy after General Hood had taken com- 
mand; and on the 15th of September Hood commenced his 
Tennessee campaign. We went to Rome, Ga., and from there 
made a forced march to Resaca, fifty miles, in one day and a 
part of the night. We surprised the Yankees at supper and 
got a good feed and ran them into a blockhouse, where, after 
some parleying, they surrendered. From there we went to 
Altoona, where the 4th Mississippi Regiment took another 
blockhouse. The rest of the command went up the railroad 
above the blockhouse, had a fight and captured some prisoners, 
and in the evening came back the way of the blockhouse. We 
went from there to near Huntsville. The Yankee gunboats 
shelled us, and we passed on down the river until we got to 
Florence and Tuscumbia. There we waited for pontoons to 
be put across the Tennessee River; then we hiked out for 
Columbia, Tenn., on Duck River, the first place where we came 
across any Yankees, and they ran without showing any fight. 
From there we went to Spring Hill, then to Franklin, that 
awful field of carnage, where so many brave men were killed. 

Company B, of the 4th Mississippi, with less than twenty 
men, lost six or seven. If I remember correctly, the killed 
were F. Needham, Thad Jamison, Matt Norris, Bill Cook, 



i6 



C^opfederat^ Veterai). 



John Strickland, and I think John Thornton was also killed 
by my side as we crossed the abatis about fifty yards in front 
of the breastworks; the first five named I am sure of. Lieut. 
Joe Westbrook lost his leg leading Company D. After this 
Capt. Lee Paris was killed. I don't see how many of us ever 
got to our main line of works, but we did and drove them 
out after a while. We then went to Nashville and lay around 
two weeks. In that time Sayers's Brigade went down to Mur- 
freesboro to help General Forrest cut off some of Thomas's re- 
enforcements. They were gone three or four days. The battle 
of Nashville came off on the 15th and 16th of December, 1864, 
and we fell back to Corinth, Miss., where we went to different 
places, some to South Carolina, some to Fort Jackson, Ala., 
some to Fort Fisher, La., then the surrender. I got back to 
Attala County, Miss., on the last day of May, 1865. 



AFTER THE BATTLE OF PLYMOUTH, N. C. 

BY REV. E. ARNOLD WRIGHT, BIRMINGHAM, ALA. 

Immediately after the capture of Plymouth, N. G, and the 
capture of the strongest fort on the line of the breastworks 
surrounding the town of Plymouth, called "Fort Wessell" in 
honor of Gen. William H. Wessell, commandant of the Fed- 
eral armory in that town, by the 35th North Carolina Regi- 
ment of Gen. Matt W. Ransom's brigade, Gen. R. Frederic 
Hoke's division, of which I gave a description in the May 
number of the Veteran, I, as lieutenant of Company I, 35th 
Regiment, was put in command of thirty men to guard the 
prisoners from the fort and ordered to take them to the 
woods, about half a mile outside of the town, and put them 
in a "prison pen," where they were to be kept until all the 
prisoners from Plymouth could be mobilized to await trains 
to convey them to the Confederate prison at Salisbury, N. C, 
in the western county of Rowan. 

' As stated in my former article, we had captured between 
six thousand and seven thousand prisoners of all branches- 
infantry, artillery, and cavalry— in this famous charge. Ply- 
mouth had been in charge of General Wessell's army for 
about two years and was strongly fortified. I saw General 
Wessell and his staff, all mounted, Wessell on a coal-black 
horse, ride up to General Hoke and staff, General Hoke on 
a bay horse, and General Wessell handed his sword to Gen- 
eral Hoke. What disposition was made of General Wessell 
and staff I know not. I presume, however, that they were 
paroled. At all events, I never heard any more of General 
Wessell until I was in the trenches at Petersburg, Va., during 
the siege of that city by General Grant, when I heard that 
General Wessell had command of a division in Grant's army 
at City Point, on the James River, about halfway between 
Petersburg and Norfolk, Va. In the capture of Plymouth, 
on the Roanoke River, County of Washington, we opened up 
a big part of the richest agricultural country in Northeastern 
North Carolina, a country rich in corn, peanuts, cotton, clover, 
hay, sheep, fowls of all kinds, goats hogs and cattle, also con- 
taining the Albemarle Sound and numerous rivers abounding 
in fish of all kinds, oysters, and water fowls of all species. 

In capturing this important Yankee stronghold we also got 
a vast amount of small arms, Springfield rifles, cannon, etc., 
besides a large quantity of commissary and quartermaster's 
supplies. Out of the commissary warehouse we captured 
sugar, molasses, coffee, flour, meal, bacon, lard, crackers, etc., 
and out of the quartermaster's warehouse we got a big supply 
of calicoes, bleached and unbleached domestics, blankets, boots, 
shoes, stockings, ready-made clothing, and many articles too 
numerous to mention. A large part of these necessary ar- 



ticles were shipped to General Lee's army, then not far from 
Richmond and Petersburg, Va., which were very acceptable at 
that time to the Army of Northern Virginia. 

On my way to the rear with the prisoners, about one hun- 
dren and fifty men and officers, the following episode took 
place : One of my men began cursing and otherwise abusing 
a Yankee prisoner, calling him many ugly names. I thought 
this man was acting beneath the dignity of a Southern gentle- 
man, so I remonstrated with him and ordered him to "shut 
up" ; that it was not right thus to abuse one in his power nor 
to "kick a man when down." He obeyed immediately. A 
Federal officer among the prisoners, hearing what had passed 
between us, unbuckled his sword belt and handed sword and 
belt to me, saying: "I make you a present of these, as you 
are a Mason and a high-toned Southern gentleman." He had 
caught a glimpse of my Masonic pin, "square and compass," 
on my shirt bosom. I assured him that I prized the gift 
highly. If that Federal officer is still living and should see 
this article, perhaps he will recall this. He told me his name 
and rank — lieutenant colonel, I think — and I told him mine. 

After I had stayed with these prisoners until midnight, I 
was relieved by Lieut. Prince Venters, of Company A, 35th 
North Carolina ; so I went back to my company in the town 
and lay down and slept until sunrise. Early in the morning 
General Ransom sent for me to come to headquarters, when 
he said: "Lieutenant Wright, I watched your conduct in that 
charge yesterday, and I am glad to say your action all the 
way from the woods through the field up to the fort was very 
gallant. I don't wish to wait until death to put flowers on 
your grave, if I should live longer than you, so I give you the 
flowers now while you are yet alive. You have won them, and 
they are your just dues." He also said that he would pro- 
mote me on the first vacancy. 

The sword and belt given to me by the Federal officer I 
carried home shortly after this great battle an1 gave to my 
uncle, John C. Slocumb, to keep for me until the close of the 
war. When Black Jack Logan, of the Federal army, took 
possession of Goldsboro, N. C, after the battle of Benton- 
ville, with his army of twenty-four thousand men, he made 
his headquarters in Uncle Slocumb's house and allowed his 
men to ransack the large two-story mansion from garret to 
cellar. Some of the men tore up the flooring of the garret 
and found a number of valuable articles which my uncle had 
hidden there prior to Logan's coming. Among these articles 
were my sword and belt, a fine gold-headed walking stick 
given to me by my father; also a fine old-fashioned bull's-eye 
watch given to my younger brother, Council B. Wright, both 
given by our dear father away back in 1853. These articles 
were very precious to us, his orphan boys. I was eleven 
years old then, and my brother was six. I can forgive the 
Yankees for many of their diabolical acts during the War 
between the States, but not for this act of vandalism. 

With all the machinery, long-range guns, poisonous gases, 
aeroplanes and air vessels, deep and long ditches, bomb- 
proofs, and submarine gunboats of the war now going on in 
Europe, there has never been displayed any personal chivalry, 
bravery, and heroism surpassing that of the gallant and 
heroic boys who wore the gray in the long and strenuous 
War between the States ; for we were actuated by patriotism, 
lovers of God and native land, fighting for wives, children, 
and the "girls we left behind us," fighting for a cause we 
knew was right with all our God-given might, never con- 
quered but overcome by superior numbers and resources, as 
said our immortal Lee in his farewell address at Appomattox. 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 



17 



FIGHT IN A MISSISSIPPI CHURCH IN 1863. 

BY J. ARCHEK TURPIN, WATERPROOF, LA. 

The town of Rodney, situated on the Mississippi River, in 
Jefferson County, Miss., was laid out and settled in iS_>6 and 
named for an American statesman. The locality was first 
known as early as 1765 and was then called Pettit Gulf; also 
the commanding hill was called Pettit Gulf Hill. Cotton 
grown there was known in the market as Pettit Gulf cotton, 
and it brought the highest prices for both lint and seed 

In its palmy days, through its proximity to Oakland Col- 
lege, Rodney enjoyed being the center of culture in that 
region. The Presbyterian Church was well represented bj 
eminent divines — Dr. Jeremiah Chamberlain, Dr. Robert 
Price, Dr. W. F. V. Bartlett, and as visiting ministers Dr. 
Palmer, of New Orleans, and Dr. Joseph Stratum, of Natchez, 
Miss. Many prominent business and professional men made 
their homes there, 'limes change, and men change with them. 
The glory of the old town has passed. Oakland Coll 

»now Alcorn College for negroes. The mighty Father of 
Waters has changed its course, and Rodney is now an inland 
town ; but the old brick church where the light took place still 
stands and shows the mark of the shell fired by the Federals 
During the summer of 1863 Mr Baker, pastor of the Pres- 
byterian Church at Red Lick, Jefferson County, Miss., came 
to Rodney seeking transportation to the North. He was a 
Union man at heart and resigned his pastorate to go North. 
While waiting for a North-bound boat, he was the guesl of 

Vcting Master E, H. Fentress on the United States gunboat 
Rattler, lying off Rodney on the morning of September i-'. 
1863. Rev. Robert Price, of the Rodney Presbyterian Church, 
invited Mr. Raker to fill his pulpit that day. Mr. Baki 1 a< 
cepted and extended this imitation to Captain Fentress and 
his seamen. Captain Fentress and Ensign Strunk, with eight 
•ecu or twenty seamen, came to service in the church. Under 
cover of the organ and choir music, Lieutenant Allen (Con- 
federate service), with fifteen scouts, surrounded the church 
and, standing in the church door, commanded a quiet sur- 
render. Immediately Ensign Strunk fired at the door I ieu 
tenant Allen fired toward the ceiling of the building and 
ordered. "No more firing." The Federals continued firing 
until some twenty or thirty shots were heard; but, strange 
as it seems, only one man was injured. A seaman was slight 
ly wounded in the arm by Ensign Strunk's ball. Captain 
Fentress, the ensign, and fifteen or seventeen seamen were 
■captured. As he stood outside the church door Captain I ,11 
tress raised his hand and requested permission to speak 
Lieutenant Allen bowed courteously. Captain Fentress asked 
thai a message be sent to his boat for clothing, etc., for his 
men. The message was Sen! and properly answered. I 1 1 < 
officers were placed in some of the carriages still standing at 
the church gate, the seamen fell into file, and all were marched 

ml of town. 
I In congregation, mostly women and children, had scarcely 

lispersed when the Rattler began to shell the church and 
town, and the town was fired in several places. Hearing 
this. Lieutenant Allen sent a message to say that if shelling 
did not cease and order prevail he would hang every prisoner 
m his charge. Thus lives were saved and property preserved. 
One seaman boasted that a lady saved his life, which was a 
natural happening. The lady, aged and infirm, kept her seat 
in a high back pew. The seaman, quick to embrace oppor- 
tunity, crawled under and was concealed by the lady's skirts. 
< It may be related that in [913 .1 man from .1 Northern city 

I** 



came to St. Joseph, Tensas Parish, La., searching, he said, 
for a girl (?) who saved his life under her hoop skirt during 
a church fight in the War between the States. The man wore 
a gray beard, of course, and the lady was long since laid to 
rest.) Amid the shrieks and screams of women and children, 
the loud command of Lieutenant Allen, and the shots from 
Ensign Strunk. the organist, a very tiny young woman, sprang 
upon a pew and, with clapping hands, cried out: "Glory to 
God!" 

The following is a copy of Captain Fentress's apology to 
Admiral David Porter, U. S. N., from Libby Prison. Some 
allowance may be made for its untruthfulness: 

Statement oi Acting Master Vi E.H.Fentress. 
"Richmond, Va., Libby Prison. November 15. 1863. 

"Rear Admiral S Porter, Commanding Mississippi 

Squadron: I have the honor to forward to you the report of 

my unfortunate capture, together with Ensign S. Strunk and 

the United States steamer Rattler 

"On the 12th of September, the steamer Rattler lying off 
Rodney, Miss. 1 went on shore to attend divine service which 
was performed in a Presbyterian church not two hundred 
yards distant from the steamer and in open view. 1 had 
Stationed at Rodney since the Tensas (La.) expedition and 
had never seen or heard of an enemy near that point. 1 had 
taken many negroes from the neighborhood, and all reported 
no Rebels in the vicinity. I do not. sir, wish to excuse my- 
self, for 1 .mi aware thai excuses are of little value with you 
when an officer is at fault; but, sir. I t]o crave your forbeai 
ancc in this most unfortunate mistake of mine. We had just 
I and were seated in the church when a squadron of 
Fifty cavalry dashed upon us and opened fire from the win 
Wows and doors, I endeavored to stop this brutal fire upon 
unarmed men. but was fired upon by these fiends and was 
slightl} wounded in the back, my hands were tied, and I was 
made fast to a horse and was compelled to keep pace with 
him for five miles. My treatment since my capture has been 
brutal and inhuman. As it is. sir. I would he happy if I 
knew that your displeasure was removed and that I might 
again retrieve my character in the Mississippi Squadron under 

your command, 

"May I beg. sir. that you will drop me a line in my present 
mis, 1 able condition? 
"1 have the honor to be. sir, your most obedient servant. 

Walter E. H. Fentress. 
Acting Master U. S, A., late Commander U. S. S. Rattler." 

Statemeni b\ Lieutenant Allen's Brother. 

Columbus II. Allen, of New Orleans, wrote of this light 
on October 15. 1915: 

"The command to which we belonged was Company C, 
known as the Brierlield Rebels, a Louisiana company, but 
had been incorporated with the 2d Arkansas, under command 
of Col. W. F. Slemons, Brigade Commander Henry McCol- 
lough, Forrest's Cavalry. 

"It was sometime in June, I think, or May, 1S04. tint Gen- 
Banks moved on Port Hudson for the capture of that 
place, and a battalion was mule up consisting of two com- 
from the 1st Mississippi, two companies from the 2d 
Missouri, and one company from the 2d Arkansas, which was 
ours, and sent down for the purpose of operating against Gen- 
eral Banks. We operated there very effectually until Vicks- 
burg was captured by General Grant, which was followed by 
the fall of Port Hudson Wo were then ordered to rejoin 



i8 



Qoi}federat^ Ueterap. 



our command in Oxford, Miss. It was while proceeding on 
our journey and while halted at Crystal Springs, Miss., the 
report came to my brother, then temporarily in command of 
the company, that a squad of deserters had left the command 
and fled for the Mississippi River. My brother, Cicero M. 
Allen, was ordered to take a squadron of our company and 
proceed in pursuit of these men and, if possible, effect their 
capture. We rode about forty miles in pursuit of the fugi- 
tives that day, but they reached the river, crossed, and left 
us behind. The game had escaped us, but there was other 
game to fall into our hands and from an entirely unexpected 
source. 

"It was Saturday evening when we reached the vicinity of 
the town of Rodney, and Lieutenant Allen (who was my twin 
brother ; I was a private in the company) took the boys out 
on the bank of the river, and we quietly made a survey of the 
situation. There lay the Yankee gunboat Rattler. We had 
no means of going aboard the Rattler, though we would have 
liked to do so could we have accomplished anything; but this 
was impossible, and as night closed around we went into biv- 
ouac. Right alongside of the main road out of Rodney our lit- 
tle squadron was cooking their rations, while my brother and I 
stood chatting together upon our disappointment in not over- 
hauling the deserters, when a carriage rolled by and halted. 
A lady put her head out of the vehicle, and my brother sa- 
luted her. She laughed and said: 'Are you commanding 
these soldiers?' 

"My brother answered : 'Yes, madam.' 

" 'Well,' she said, 'Captain Fentress, commander of the 
Rattler, came ashore this evening and said he had noticed a 
bunch of buttermilk cavalry on the banks of the river and 
that he would be glad if they would remain, as he would 
come ashore the next morning and whip them with corn- 
stalks.' 

"Lieutenant Allen bowed again to the lady and said : 
'Madam, Captain Fentress shall have the opportunity that he 
desires to whip us with cornstalks.' 

"I remember that I was on picket that night in a little 
graveyard just above the town and heard the calls from the 
gunboat : 'Twelve o'clock, and all's well.' The next morn- 
ing Lieutenant Allen drew us all up, and we rode out on the 
bluff in full view of the gunboat and waved our sabers de- 
fiantly. Almost instantly we could see men running over the 
decks, and three boats dropped from the davits of the ship, 
each containing about eight or nine men. We watched them 
as they rowed for the shore, and about the time that we 
thought they were well off from their boats we formed and 
charged into Rodney. We encountered them moving up the 
street, and a brisk little fire was opened. Four of the men 
rushed into the church, followed by Captain Fentress and 
Lieutenant Strunk. My brother leaped from his horse and 
called to me : 'Don't fire in that church.' I should have previ- 
ously stated that it was Sunday morning, and a congrega- 
tion had assembled in the little building in Rodney in which 
the sailors and the two officers took refuge. My brother ran 
in on one side, while I followed the four men on the other 
side. As we entered I heard the report of a pistol and saw 
Lieutenant Allen stagger back with blood on his face; but he 
quickly fired, and the man who fired at him fell. I captured 
the other men who had gone in and turned them over to a 
guard. While I was coming out a lady sitting in the aisle 
of the church said: 'Go up in the choir. The captain has 
gone up there.' In an instant, pistol in hand, I was leaping 
up the steps, and out sprang the two officers. Down the 



other side they went, only to meet the Lieutenant with his 
pistol, and they surrendered. The other boys had captured 
the rest of the sailors or marines, and we drew out of Rod- 
ney, as the Rattler had opened a heavy fire of shell and grape, 
knocking off the steeple of the church, so I have heard. 

"Well out from under their fire, with our prisoners, some 
twenty-four in number, as well as I can remember, including 
the two officers, and noticing the boat's action in firing upon 
the defenseless town, my brother called to Captain Fentress, 
saying: 'Who is in command of the Rattler in your absence?' 

"He said : 'My executive officer.' 

"Quickly tearing a leaf out of his book, he called Coon 
Clark, one of our men, and wrote the following laconic note : 
'To the executive officer commanding gunboat Rattler : Cease 
firing on Rodney, or I'll hang every prisoner in my posses- 
sion.' 

"Fentress was looking over his shoulder as he wrote the 
note, and he said to me: 'My God! does he mean that?' 

"I told him he did. 

"The gunboat received the communication, and instantly 
the firing ceased. 

"We went back and apologized for our intrusion into the 
church and assured the congregation that no harm would 
come to them now, as the boat had ceased firing, and they 
were dismissed. I do not believe there was anybody in the 
house who was very much alarmed or hurt. 

"We reached our command with our prisoners and turned 
them over. They remained with us for a considerable while, 
and Captain Fentress and Lieutenant Strunk, my brother and 
myself got to be good friends. After the war my brother 
met Lieutenant Strunk in St. Louis, and they dined happily 
together, with no ugly memories of war to disturb their ap- 
petites. Whether Captain Fentress is living or dead, I do not 
know, as I have never heard of him since. But for the poor 
estimate that he put upon his fellow countrymen who hap- 
pened to be wearing the gray by stating that he would 'whip 
us with cornstalks' his capture, in my opinion, was a piece of 
poetic justice. 

"I shall never forget, when we brought the men into camp, 
the look of our commanding officer, who was then Col. John 
L. Logan. He said : 'Allen, for God's sake, where did you 
get these fellows?' 

"I must state that my brother had had his arm shattered 
to the elbow in the battle of Britton's Lane, in Tennessee, 
but served over two years in his maimed condition. He was 
captured during the time we were operating around Port 
Hudson and taken aboard the steamer Iberville to be sent to 
New Orleans. While on the boat he walked out with the 
guard on the boiler deck and, watching his chance, knocked 
the guard down, then, clothed in uniform, with heavy boots, 
on, and only one arm to make the desperate fight with the 
angry river, he leaped overboard, swam ashore, and made 
good his escape. The whole brigade turned out to receive 
him when they learned of his approach to our line, and one 
stalwart Arkansan bore him on his shoulders. In this way 
he rejoined his command. 

"Captain Fentress was a native of Norfolk, Va." 

From Mrs. Hart's Diary. 

"Oakland, September, 1863. 

"Last Sunday, September 12, we had quite a sensation. 

We were at church in Rodney; twenty-one Yankees were 

there, more than usual. We had commenced the second 

hymn when ten of our scouts came to the door and ordered 



^opfederat^ l/eterai). 



19 



them to surrender. One of them jumped up and fired his 
pistol ; he was in our pew, fourth from the front. About a 
dozen shots were exchanged ; but as only a few of the enemy 
were armed, they had to give up. Great excitement prevailed, 
but no one was seriously, hurt. The ladies were very much 
excited. A gunboat immediately commenced shelling the 
town. My father told us to sit still, but my little sister 
thought the church was falling down and leaped over the 
seat to get out. I followed with the intention of bringing 
her back to 'sit still,' but she ran up the street like a deer 
and readied home before I overtook her. We gathered a 
few things together, and I got out of the house at once." 

To this Mrs. Hart added in a letter written from Belzoni, 
Miss.. September 8, 1915: 

"Only one of the enemy escaped; he must have been the 
one you referred 10 in your letter. Last winter, while Mr. 
Hart and I were visiting our sons at Shreveport, La., we 
heard that lie had come South and was inquiring for the 
young lady who had helped to hide him in the church and 
that he wanted to marry her (his wife was dead). * * 

"On Sunday afternoon, after the capture of the soldiers, 
my parents returned to Rodney to try to get their things 
together, fearing the town would he burned, While there 

Soldiers came from the boat and said they had orders to burn 
our house, claiming that one of them had taken refuge there 
and the man of the house hail cursed and set the dogs on him. 
The minister and citizens tried to convince them that my 
Father was at church; that he was an elder of the Church 
ami therefore did nol use profane language; but they in- 
sisted that they had orders to burn the house and proceeded 
to Set fire to it, giving my mother only three minutes to gi 1 
the things out. Just after knocking in the Stairway, putting 
in kindling and oil and applying the match, they received a 
note from the scouts saying thai if they molested either the 
citizens or property they would hang the prisoners Then 
they permitted the citizens to extinguish tin- lire." 



THE />'.// I 1-E OF SE/7-A PINES. 

BY II. T. 1 mi ns. FAY! ni vn 1 1 . 1 inn. 

In tin- month "f May, (8l !, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston con- 
ducted, as few generals could, the retreal "f the Confederate 
army from Yorktown back through the peninsula to the Con- 
federate fortifications around Richmond. 

The Tennessee brigade, composed of Colonel Turney's isl 
Tennessee Regiment, Colonel Hatton's 7th Tennessee, ami 
Colonel Forbes's 14th ["ennessee, was in active service and 
Bldured many hardships. This Peninsular Campaign was 
through the same country and over the same roads by which 
General Washington led the patriots of the Revolution when 
1 nt to Yorktown and captured Lord Cornwallis. As we 
moved back, contesting every inch and fighting every day, we 
crossed the Chickahominy River about the place where Capt. 
John Smith was captured by the Indians and whose life was 
saved by the beautiful Pocahontas. 

When we got near the city of Richmond, the Tennessee Bri- 
gade, now commanded by Gen. Robert Hatton, was sent to the 

rear for a few days' rest. On the evening of the ,'oth of May 
ordcis .am. 1,1 cook rations. Soon everything was in com- 
motion, the rations were ked, and all were move 

About sundown the drum tapped, everybody ran into line, and 
the brigade took up the line of march, with Colonel Turncy in 
the had. When tlie head of tin- column reached the plank 



road leading to Seven Pines, the following commands were 
given: "Halt, front, right dress, order arms, parade rest!" 
The ~th Tennessee was then marched close in the rear of the 
1st Tennessee, and the same commands were given. Then 
came the 14th Tennessee, close in the rear of the 7th Tennes- 
see, ami executed the same commands. Here, then, stood 
the Tennessee Brigade at parade rest in close column by bat- 
talion General Hatton then swung around on his horse 
close in front of the colors and made a short speech. I was 
then a beardless boy. in full life and vigor, and 1 have al- 
though that that speech was a flow of eloquence and 
sublimity never surpassed. It can never be reproduced. I 
shall only trj to give a brief outline: "Boys, before the dawn 
of another day we will be engaged in deadly conflict with 
the enemy. We are the only representatives of the gallant 
little commonwealth of Tennessee upon the soil of Virginia. 
1 appeal to you as TenncsM c ans. Show yourselves worthy 
sons of a noble ancestry. Just in our rear is the capital city 
of the Confederacy. Around our capital city has been gath- 
ered a vandal horde of Yankees. Their object, their aim, 
their purpose is to plunder and pillage our capital. Shall it 

. ked?" 
Just then the stentorian voice of Colonel Turney rang out 
upon the night air: "No, never'" And every boy snatched 
off his Itat. caught up the refrain, and made the welkin ring 
with the shout of "No, ne\ it I" 

The time had then arrive! for the Tennessee Brigade to 
take us place in the line of march, and the head of the CO 
nmn began to move. The morning of the memorable 31st of 
May dawned, but we were not "engaged in deadly conflict 
with the enemy." All that morning the Federal and Confed- 

trmies were maneuvering About one o'clock the Ten- 
was resting, with our arms stacked in the 
middle of the mad, and every boy seated near his gun. Gen- 
eral rlatton, riding to the head of the line and finding Colonel 
lurncv seated on top of a fence, took a seat by his side. I 
took a seat in the corner of the fence and listened to these 
two distinguished sons of Tennessee. About all I remember 
of their conversation was that Colonel Turney. an old Demo- 
crat, said to General llatton, an old Whig, that upon the 

i of alien suffrage lie had always been a "know-nothing." 
Just then ,1 courier dashed up, calling: "General rlatton I 
General rlatton!" \t one bound Hatton was in bis saddle, 
inswering, "Here 1 am." The message was: "It is the order 
of General Johnston that the Tennessee Brigade or the Hamp- 
ton Legion should occupy a certain position in line. General. 
I have come lor you; I want you to beat Hampton." Gen- 
eral rlatton replied: "1 will beat Hampton." Turning to his 
men. he commanded : "Take arms ! By the right (lank, double 
quick!" And then we went toward Seven Pi 

As we were passing along the road at a double-quick Presi- 
dent Jefferson Davis passed by us with his suite of attend 
ants. Every boy snatched off his hat. and the wild Rebel 
yell rent the air as a salute to the gallant chieftain of the 
Confederacy. On we dashed, and at every bound nearer. 
clearer, deadlier resounded the clash of arms. When we 
reached a little old scboolhouse on the left side of the road. 
we were halted. Just beyond the bouse, on a little mound. 
neral Johnston, seated upon his big gray horse, with 
his glasses adjusted. looking at the enemy. Turning around, 
1 heard him ask the question: "What command is this?" 

.1 Hatton replied: "Tennessee Brigade." "Put them 
right in." said General Johnston General Hatton, turning 
around to his men. m\c the command, "I oad I" There was 



20 



^oqfederat^ l/eterap. 



a general rattle of steel as this command was repeated by 
the company officers down the line. When my gun was 
loaded, I looked— there was General Johnston's horse, but 
the saddle was empty. A bomb had burst; Johnston was 
wounded. He never commanded the army in Virginia again. 
From that time forward General Lee commanded the Con- 
federate forces in Virginia. 

The next command from General Hatton was, "Fix bayo- 
nets !" Every old soldier knows what that means. It means 
that somebody is going to get hurt; it means that in the 
dreadful tread of a thundering legion, mixed with the wild 
Rebel yell, something must move. The next command was, 
'Forward, guide center!" The sons of Tennessee began 
to move. I have always thought that this was the grand- 
est, sublimest scene I ever saw. The three regiments were 
moving in perfect line. Above us floated the Stars and Bars, 
the Cross of St. Andrew, the flag we loved. Our arms were 
gleaming and glittering and glistening amid the splendors of 
sunset glow. On we moved toward the sunset with a dread- 
ful tread more terrible than that of Napoleon's thundering 
legions. Above us and all around us grape and canister and 
bombs were falling thick and fast, tearing up the earth in 
front and rear, but the line was never struck. It seemed to 
me that I was six inches taller than I ever was. When we 
had gone about one hundred yards, again the stentorian voice 
of Colonel Turney rang out above the thunder of the battle: 
"First Tennessee, change front, forward on first company!" 
This changed the direction of the 1st Regiment from the 
west to the north. I glanced back and saw General Hatton 
going west with the other two regiments, with his hat off, 
waving them onward. Our regiment, moving north, passed 
through a skirt of timber where the Yankees had been camped 
—their tents were stretched; they had been whipped out— 
and when we had passed through we were ordered to halt 
and lie down. It was now sunset, and deadly missiles and tree- 
tops were falling around us. In the dusk I raised up on my 
knees to look. Across a little clearing, close to another skirt 
of woods, I saw the Yankee lines forming. I told the boys 
they were coming. Soon the company officers passed along 
the line commanding, "Up, boys!" The boys came to their 
feet, guns in hand, and the racket of arms began. 

Right in the onset everything was enveloped in smoke and 
darkness. We would shoot at the flash of the enemy's guns, 
and I suppose they would shoot at the flash of ours. Amid 
the din and clatter of arms, the boom and thunder of cannon, 
and the crash of bayonets both sides gave way. It was said 
that we were engaged three minutes. I know I fired my gun 
only three times, and I was as calm and deliberate and busy as 
I could be. The ist Tennessee Regiment lost ninety-six men 
in killed and wounded— fourteen were killed. This was a 
heavy loss for three minutes, but the greatest loss, of all was 
the loss of our commander. I remember well the tears that 
were shed next morning when the boys began to realize that 
the gallant Hatton would lead us no more. 

This was the 31st of May, 1862. June 26, following, the 
Seven Days' Battles around Richmond began. 



Albert Sidney Johnston. — Thus he brought to the South- 
ern cause a civil and military experience surpassing that of 
any other leader. Born in Kentucky, descended from an hon- 
orable colonial race, connected by marriage with influential 
families in the West, where his life had been passed, he was 
peculiarly fitted to command the Western armies. — Gen. Rich- 
ard Taylor. 



HOW MOSBY SAVED THE DAY. 

BY C. C. HART, ELKINS, W. VA. 

During the month of September, while facing Sheridan 
down in the Valley of Virginia, near Winchester, we were 
expecting an engagement, and Colonel Lang, with about a 
hundred of the 62d Regiment, was sent to guard Berry's Ferry 
with one piece of McClanahan's Battery, commanded by Ser- 
geant Shank. We were anticipating a good time, hoping to 
miss the expected battle by being sent up there to guard the 
ferry, but to our great surprise the enemy had already crossed ; 
and our gallant commander, Colonel Lang, comprehending the 
situation at a glance, ordered a charge and drove them back 
across the river. Then the artillery opened up its deadly 
work until they made their escape into the mountains ; from 
there they opened fire upon us with a six-gun battery, and an 
artillery duel, six to one, continued until evening. 

As we were running short of ammunition, we moved up 
farther on the hill, so that we were hidden by large chestnut 
trees. We had been there but a short time when they sent a 
regiment of cavalry across to take us, thinking we were still 
holding our position near the road. On finding that we had 
shifted our position, they came on around the side of the hill 
in front of us. We had anticipated about such a move and 
had prepared grape and canister close by the mouth of our 
gun for rapid execution. They came around within forty 
yards of us before they discovered us and at once ordered a 
charge ; but when we opened upon them in such rapid suc- 
cession they became panic-stricken, broke ranks, and ran pell- 
mell down the hill toward the ford of the river, where they 
had just crossed. By this time about a hundred of our skir- 
mish line had gathered near the ford, and they also fired upon 
them until they were too close to shoot, then used their guns 
as shillalahs on them until they passed down into a deep 
ravine to the ford of the river. Our boys, being on the bank 
above them, did some deadly execution with sandstones. John 
Killingsworth. a boy of nineteen, knocked five from their 
horses, and brave Joe Winners, who picked up the flag when 
Captain Currence fell at New Market, knocked seven off 
with one hand while holding the flag in the other. The rain 
of bullets continued, and a number fell. While crossing the 
river only twenty-five of the enemy's regiment escaped. Our 
loss was very light. One brave man that we lost was George 
Kittle, of the well-known family that furnished five as brave 
boys as ever faced a battle, three of whom fell during the 
great struggle. 

During the afternoon, unknown to the enemy, we were re- 
enforced by General McCausland and a portion of his bri- 
gade with six pieces of artillery. Champ Thornhill, of Bar- 
bour County, who, on account of his bravery, had been de- 
tailed for a scout, returned just at this time from a daring 
adventure across the Blue Ridge and told us that "hell would 
be played directly," as he had seen Mosby on the Blue Ridge, 
and he was coming to capture the enemy's battery. Just at 
this time we saw the bluecoats form and start down the 
mountain, not knowing that we had been reenforced. En- 
raged over the way we had slaughtered the regiment they had 
just sent over, they were coming as if to annihilate us. But 
we sighted our seven pieces on the ford, the only place they 
could cross, to send them to a watery grave as fast as they 
entered the river. But about the time they reached the foot 
of the mountain we heard the Rebel yell, and Colonel Mosby 
charged the battery, captured men and horses, spiked the 
guns, and returned to the mountain in safety. As the Yan- 
kees turned back to see what had taken place on the hill, we 



Qopfederat^ tfeterai). 



21 



opened fire on them with our seven pieces, and they made 
twice the time going up that they did coming down, only to 
find their guns spiked and themselves completely whipped. 

Thus ended a day of surprises and slaughter. After a 
hearty supper we lay down in our blankets and slept, dream- 
ing sweet dreams of victories won. 

The Charles Town Raid. 

In the latter part of the summer of 1863 General Imbodcn 
was stationed in the Valley of Virginia with about twelvi 
hundred men (of whom I was one), we having been sent 
there by Gen. Robert E. Lee to guard the Confederate inter- 
ests through that part of Virginia. We had a well-organized 
signal corps and so arranged that we could learn from time 
to time any move that the Federals might undertake. W( 
learned that there was an army at Charles Town of about 
eight hundred. They also had much larger forces at Win 
Chester ami Harper's Ferry. Everything was quiet in the 
Valley at this time, so General [mboden decided to movi 
down, capture, and bring out the army stationed at Charles 
'low 11. taking with him the brave and daring Capt. Jesse Mc- 
Neill, who took Generals Crook and Kellev out of Cumber- 
land. 

Our march was so planned that our last move was a noc- 
turnal one, that we might get in and surround the town bc- 
fore daylight, We wen discovered, however, and about day- 
break some seven hundred i<i them mule a break to get away 
by the road leading to Harper's Ferry, but General [mboden 
Was loo -.mart for that, lie had placed a regiment at tins 
point, and the Federals ran right into them and wen cap 
hired at the very place where John Brown was hanged. 

The remainder of the army had taken refuge in the Court 
house, and Sergl Andrew Collett, one of Randolph County's 

bravest artillerymen, was senl around on the west side of the 

town with one piece of artillery. The bluecoats opened I'm 
on him from the cupola of the courthouse, one ball hitting 
tlie horse on which Sergeant Collet! was mounted, entering 
the neck and pissing mil through the shoulder on the other 
side Just about this time General [mb len came in on the 
south with one piece of arl posed of Randolph Count} 

DO supported by Captain McNeill, entering a street lead 
big directly to the courthouse, hut concealed by the large 
shade trees along the streel General Imboden dispatched 
Captain McNeill in with a Rag of truce and ordered surrendi r 
They asked for three-quarters of an hour in which to con- 
sider, hoping, probably, to be n enforced; but when this was 
reported to General Imboden he sont back word thai he 
would give them just five minutes. "Well." they said, "tell 
lour 1 fficer thai we arc in lure, and let him take us out if 
he ran," 

General Imboden then said: "Boys, unlimber that pi, 
artillery, and I'll take them out." While we unlimbered he 
dismounted and. sighting the piece himself, tired straight into 

Or, striking the adjutant and cutting off both his 
The next shots went first through the wall to the left of the 
100] and the next to the right. Then they came onl like a 
Swarm of bees, and Captain McNeill was ordered to tike 
charge of them. 

We then moved back upon the hill about a quarter of a mile 
and stopped to feed; but before our horses were through eat- 
ing, the Federals came up from Harper's Ferry and an 
bur rearguard. When we hi trd the fit ■■■■ oi shots, we pulled 
stakes and moved on, taking position anil heating the enemy 
back front every hilltop for a distance of twelve miles; but 



we came out safely with prisoners and provisions which we 
had captured in little old Charles Town. 

When night came on, we were well-nigh spent, and our 
prisoners, in the language of to-day, were simply "all in." 



"UNKNOWN." 

BY T. C. ti UtBAUGH. 

1 found one day where the pines grow tall 

\ rough and mossy si. U 

Nestling close to the mountain's wall 
And simply marked "Unknown." 

Long ago the warlike lines 
Sti n "1 in that haunted dell ; 

bi re oh the pines 
\ thousand heroes fell. 

I knew that 'neath that rugged stone . 

\\ here long the vines had crept 
\nd some stran 1 "I'nkni iw 1 

A Southern soldier slept. 
I he spi ing h is gh en of its (lowers, 

The winter of its snow 

own that missing boy of ours 

Who bravely met the foe. 

With pride 1 know that gallant boy, 

1 ti 'i 11 bj the summer 
Marched with a soldiei 's ai dent 

Behind the plume of Lee 
And felt as on the field h( 

Amid the bullets' hiss. 
\ hand upon his sleeve of gray, 

A mother's holy kiss. 

Mow heat his heart the night he stood 

Last time beneath the stars. 
Above him in the lonely wood 

The banner of the bars! 
In dreams to him from I'm away, 

Beyi md the wildwood's 1 
I he sweetheart of his boyish day 

Came to his side once more. 

I he morning broke on wood and plain, 

I he cannon's opening roar, 
The armies roused to life again, 

I he fray was on once more; 
And when the twilight kissed the hill 

I hit towered in the w. 
One soldier's heart fore'er was still. 

One hero was at rest. 

•itly knelt and breathed a prayer 

\ 1 1 . 1 brushed the vines away ; 
I left a rose to nestle where 

I he Southland's hero lay; 
1 know that God has marked the spot 

Where in the forest lone 
Sleeps, by a busy world forgot. 

Some mother's bov — unknown. 



22 



Qopfederat^ l/eteraij 



A SOLDIER OF MISSOURI. 

CAPT. ALBERT C. DANNER, IN BIRMINGHAM NEWS, MAY, 1916. 

You never heard of him? He was a private and unknown 
except to his company and a few others who had personal 
knowledge of his daring deeds from time to time. His name 
was Stringfellow Houston. We called him "String." When 
about eighteen years of age, he enlisted in the Missouri State 
forces at Brunswick, Chariton County, Mo., in May, 1861. 

String lived on a little farm with his widowed mother. His 
life work began early, and he had no opportunity to secure 
an education. When he heard that a Northern army was 
going to invade his State and that Governor Jackson had 
called for volunteers to protect the homes of the people. 
String thought that he ought to help, and his mother agreed 
with him about it. String enlisted in the Missouri State 
forces, gotten up under Gen. Sterling Price, to endeavor to 
repel the threatened invasion. 

At that time Missouri, in the far West, was sparsely set- 
tled. There were some negro slaves that had been brought 
to the State from Virginia and Kentucky, but none of these 
were on the little farm of the Widow Houston. She and her 
son did the work. 

After a year's service in Missouri under Gen. Sterling Price, 
taking part in several successful battles, but forced back for 
want of men and equipment, we were asked to enlist in the 
Confederate army for three years, or the war. Some six 
thousand of us enlisted for forty years, or the war. String 
was in the crowd. We were brought over to the east side of 
the Mississippi, landing at Memphis. General Price soon 
left us, going back to the Southern army on the west side of 
the Mississippi. The Missourians who had enlisted in the 
Confederate army were reorganized, the infantry in two bri- 
gades, Green's and Cockrell's, making Bowen's Division. They 
took part in many fights, always with much credit to them- 
selves. 

String never missed a fight unless he was in the hospital 
recovering from a wound, for he was one of the wounded in 
nearly every engagement, but usually back with his company 
ready for the next battle. Always cheerful and keen to be 
in the fight, he did many daring deeds. If in a charge, he 
was just a little ahead of the line, for he was active and 
strong and impulsive. If on skirmishing or picket duty, the 
officer in charge would always have something to say about 
the efficiency shown by String. This boy was hopeful, bright, 
full of fun, and really seemed to enjoy the risk and ex- 
citement of a battle. 

As time passed, bringing many engagements, the command 
being reduced in number from losses by death, bad wounds, 
and sickness, and having much cause for discouragement. 
String Houston was not depressed or discouraged. He ex- 
pected the ultimate success of the cause, because he thought 
it was right, and he counted on returning to his good mother 
in North Missouri in due time after we had won our cause. 

One clay he called at my tent with a short letter which he 
had just received from his mother. (One of the women block- 
ade runners, who from time to time worked their way through 
the Union lines from Missouri and across the Mississippi 
River, had just gotten in, bringing some letters sewed up in 
the lining of her skirt, and one of these was from String's 
mother.) The contents of the letter brought sorrow to him. 
for she wrote in effect that she was at the end of her resources 
and did not see how she could live unless String could come 
back to her. which she hoped that he could arrange to do. 

So the conflict was on in the mind and heart of this boy, 



whose whole desire was to do his duty. There it was : service 
to his suffering mother, whom he loved devotedly, or to the 
cause in which he had enlisted for the war. He wanted to 
talk it over with me, and I remember that I was at a loss to 
know what to say, except that if he should go back and reach 
home the people who were then dominating that part of Mis- 
souri would promptly kill him; so he could not be of service 
to his mother in any event. He decided that he must stay 
and continue to fight for the Confederacy. 

After this we were soon trapped in Vicksburg, where we 
fought and suffered for forty-seven days. Vicksburg was a 
small town then, with the Mississippi River on one side, where 
we had no means of defense, and the river was soon occupied 
by the river fleet of the United States that bombarded us night 
after night without ceasing. On the land side we found that 
there had been poor and inadequate ditches run around the 
town, which we were called upon at once to strengthen and 
improve, causing much hard work for the men. This fortifi- 
cation ditch was made with the view of protecting the land 
side of the town and ran from the river above to the river 
below ; and when we were closed in the town by Grant's im- 
mense army which soon encircled us, we were shut off from 
all communication with the world. There was poor prepara- 
tion for a siege on our part, inadequate in every way. The 
fighting began at once and was incessant every day, charges 
being made day after day upon our lines, which were repelled 
from time to time, but with great loss to us. In the mean- 
time the enemy was undermining us, and there was a great 
explosion one day, when a big part of our works was blown 
up, and with it many lives were lost. 

In all this work the hero of this sketch as a private was 
busily engaged with his company and never hesitated to ex- 
pose himself when called upon to do so. One day during 
one of our hardest fights, while acting as aid-de-camp, con- 
veying certain orders to the immediate firing line, I met in 
a path over the brow of a hill a squad of men carrying on a 
stretcher the boy of a man, I supposed a soldier who had been 
killed. They were coming down the path from the fighting 
line as I proceeded up the same path. The carrying away of 
dead and wounded was going on constantly, and I was pass- 
ing this squad without noticing them particularly, when one 
of the bearers, who happened to know me, said : "Captain, 
this is String Houston." 

I could not stop, having my orders to convey, but I looked 
around. The face of the man was so covered with blood that 
his features could not be made out. I supposed he was dead 
and remarked, "Poor String, they have got him at last," 
when, blinded as he was and terribly shot, he recognized my 
voice and replied at once with cheerfulness : "No, Captain, 
they have not killed me ; they have just shot out my left 
eye, and when I get back from the hospital I can shoot that 
much faster, as I won't have to stop to shut it." 

Well, they carried him on, and I went my way; but I was 
greatly impressed with the courage and nerve of my friend. 
I did not forget and have never forgotten the tone nor the 
words of String Houston while he was being carried, as I 
supposed, to his deathbed. There was no whining or shadow 
of complaint ; without hope of special attention or reward of 
any kind, he had offered his life and took what came to him 
as to be expected and endured. 

Strange to say, in a few weeks String reported back for 
duty, a changed-looking man, with one eye completely shot 
out, but ready and anxious to go back to the front. He went 
and was soon busy as before, but it was not for long. The 



Qopfederat^ l/eteraij. 



23 



next time they hit him it was a fatal shot, and he died in the 
ditch with his company at Vicksburg. 

This is a true story. However, Stringfellow Houston was 
but a type of the young men who were in the Confederate 
army from Missouri. 

"Since time was born, not Egypt, Greece, nor Rome 
Has matched with death more valiant, stancher men." 

At the close of the war there were but a few of us Mis- 
sourians left to be surrendered. My old company had long 
before disappeared. Not one, as far as I know, went back to 
Brunswick ; so there was no one to carry the news to Mrs. 
Houston of her son. 

A few years later I was at Brunswick ami wanted to see 
Mrs. Houston and tell her something of the heroic life and 
dealh of her boy, but I could find no one in Brunswick who 
knew of any such family. What became of her, I do not 
know. Doubtless if she survived the war she waited anxious- 
ly, hoping for the return of her boy day after day. I imagine 
that during the night a candle was left burning in the window 
to light him on his way; and with every noise — a footstep in 
the road, the bark of a dog, the blowing of the wind in the 
trees — she would start up to greet her boy; but at last, heart- 
broken, poor, and alone, she gave up and passed out of her 
life of disappointment. 

Many Confederate mothers waited in vain for the return of 
their loved ones whose bodies were in graves marked "Un- 
known," and such was the fate of this poor widow of Mis 
souri who gave her all to the cause of the Confederacy. 



DEFEXDERS OF FORT GREGG. 

CONTRIBUTED. 

After 1863 recruits, by choice, sought the artillery service; 
consequently soon there were more men than needed in that 
branch. To obviate this. General Lee gave the supernumerary 
artillerymen small arms for the winter of 1864, with the under- 
standing that they resume their respective commands when the 
campaign opened in the spring. This they were unable to 
do, as the enemy commenced to advance against Richmond 
and Petersburg by April 1. Some of those supernumerary 
artillerymen who had been given small arms were placed at 
Fort Gregg, a mile and a half from Petersburg, under 
the command of Major Chew. On the morning of April 2 
General Lee crossed his army over the Appomattox River on 
pontoon bridges ; and as Fort Gregg was the only defense he 
had from the approach of the enemy, he ordered Major Chew 
to defend the fort as long as possible, that his army might 
safely pass over the Appomattox River. 

The defenders in Fort Gregg that morning consisted of 
one section of Chew's Battery and eighty rifles. Some of 
General Pickett's men had just been defeated near Hatcher's 
Run and were returning to Petersburg via Fort Gregg in 
squads of five, ten, and twenty. They were asked to come 
into the fort, and about one hundred and seventy-live men 
were thus added to its defense. In all, there were from two 
hundred and fifty to three hundred mm defending the fort on 
the morning that was to give to history and America its sec- 
ond Alamo. At 9 a.m. the 24th Army Corps, nine thousand 
strong, opened with artillery, followed with a charge, which 
the fort repulsed. Quickly a second charge was launched and 
was hurled back with great slaughter. During a lull at this 
time and while the enemy was forming for a third charge 
the little band of heroes in the fort could hear Lee's army 



cheering them. It was then the noon hour, and Surgeon 
George W. Richards took it upon himself to advise Major 
Chew to surrender, as he felt that Lee's army had ample time 
to cross the Appomattox. To this Major Chew replied : "Let 
the fight go on as it will ; I will not surrender." 

Now, to make it plain, when the first charge was driven 
back, there were left under the guns of the fort in a deep 
ditch more than two thousand men, who had chosen to stay 
there rather than be shot in the back on the first retreat. At 
the third charge these men came out of the ditches and ad- 
vanced in such great numbers that the men in the fort could 
not kill them all. The enemy appeared exasperated and gave 
no quarter, and the men in the fort, having no time to reload, 
broke the stocks from their guns and fought with the barrels. 
General Lee could see plainly what was going on and sent his 
courier, William Catterton (a boyhood friend of Surgeon 
Richards), to a battery one mile from the others to open on 
the fort among friends and foes. The first shot from the 
friendly artillery burst twenty steps in front of the fort. 
About this time a Federal soldier attempted to bayonet Sur- 
Kichards. who dodged the thrust and began choking 
him. when one of the balls from the exploding shrapnel struck 
the Federal soldier in the back. Other shells and solid shot 
were pouring in on the enemy and soon stopped their mur- 
derous work, and in self-defense they sought the opposite 
side of the fort. Then all became quiet. The few left of the 
brave defenders were made prisoners, and Richards was sent 
to Johnson's Island, on Lake Erie, a prisoner of war. The 
New York Herald reported the loss of twenty-four hundred 
men, killed and wounded. The Confederates lost all 
the men except twenty-seven or thirty. Surgeon Richards 
-a\ s he counted twenty-seven ; but Col. Gordon McCabe, of 
Richmond, Va. ( in his "History of Lee's Campaign with the 
Army of Northern Virginia," says there were thirty men left. 
Of such deeds and of such men the South is justly proud, 
and the entire nation applauds the fact that they were Ameri- 
cans. 

So far as known. Dr. George W. Richards, now living near 
Elkton. Ya., is the only surviving member of the little hand 
which made the heroic defense of Fort Gregg on April 2, 
1865. He enlisted in Southall's Artillery in Charlottesville, 
Va., in April. 1861, and the command was soon ordered to 
Yurktown under General Magruder. Just before the army 
left Yorktown, by order of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, Southall 
resigned, and Lieutenant Brown, afterwards colonel of ord- 
nance in Richmond, and Lieut. Green Patton, later on Gi 
Rodes's staff, left the battery. George W. Richards was then 
offered the command by the men of the battery, but di 
it, as he had recently graduated in medicine at the Virginia 
Medical College of Richmond and wished to enter that branch 
of the service, where he felt that he was most fitted and could 
render the most service. He immediately appeared before the 
medical board at Richmond, was commissioned as assistant 
surgeon, and assigned to Captain Cumming's battery at Cape 
Fear, N. C. Just before this company of artillery was ordered 
to Gettysburg he was detailed to the Graham Battery. At 
this time the different artillery companies of Virginia and 
North Carolina were formed into batteries. Graham's Battery 
was one of those comprising the command of Colonel Poague, 
and with this command Richards served until the army was re- 
turned to Virginia. lie was then assigned to different bat- 
talions, such as Richardson's, Mcintosh's, etc., and was con- 
nected with the command of Major Chew at the time of the 
defense of Fort Gregg. 



24 



Qoijfederat^ l/eterai), 



TEXAS AND ARKANSAS AT FORT HARRISON. 

BY A. C. JONES, THREE CREEKS, ARK. 

In order to an intelligent understanding of the events which 
I shall endeavor to describe, I will first make a brief state- 
ment of the military status. Fort Harrison was situated at 
the extreme southern limit of the main line of fortifications 
around Richmond. It had a commanding position upon a 
broad plateau at an angle of the works where they turned 
squarely west to Chaffin's Bluff, on the James River. From 
the fort the intrenchments ran north three-fourths of a mile, 
then turned west again for some distance ; at this angle was 
located another large redoubt, called Fort Gilmore. Besides 
this main line, there was another shallow, straggling ditch 
running due east from Fort Harrison two or three miles in 
length and intended only for temporary defense. The only 
troops upon these lines at the time of which I speak was a 
battalion occupying Fort Harrison, about four hundred Geor- 
gians, the remnant of Benning's old brigade, scattered along 
between the forts, and about one mile east on the shallow 
trench alluded to was Hood's old Texas Brigade, reduced to 
about five hundred men and then under the command of 
General Gregg, of Texas, who was also in command of all 
the troops on the lines. This brigade was composed of the 
ist, 4th, 5th Texas, and 3d Arkansas Regiments. Of the lat- 
ter I, as senior captain, was in command. 

General Grant's entire army was on the south side of the 
James River investing Petersburg, his left wing, under But- 
ler, resting on "Deep Bottom," not more than three or four 
miles from Fort Harrison, with a dense forest intervening to 
mask any sudden movement. 

We had occupied this position about two weeks and were 
growing somewhat wearied with the monotony of idleness, 
when one morning about daylight the pickets were driven 
in ; and we had scarcely time to seize our arms and take 
position in the trenches when we were suddenly charged by 
a large body of negro troops led by white officers. These 
fellows seemed to follow their leaders blindly and rushed up 
to the very muzzles of our guns. The struggle, however, 
lasted only a few minutes, when, being apparently seized with 
a sudden panic, the negroes broke and scattered to the winds, 
leaving in our hands a few prisoners and a large number of 
dead and wounded on the ground, while we had not lost a man. 
Scarcely was this accomplished when a swift messenger in- 
formed us that Fort Harrison, one mile away, was in danger ; 
and we were hurried down the line in that direction, not 
knowing that it was already captured. As we approached the 
summit of the plateau we came suddenly upon a large force 
of the enemy coming down upon us in line of battle, marching 
at right angles to the works and reaching far out into the 
fields to our right, thus cutting us off from our destination. 
For a moment it seemed that we were completely entrapped 
and that escape was impossible. It would have been folly :■> 
attack so large a force, perhaps a whole division, and, besides. 
we were marching by the flank and considerably strung out. 

But the Texans were not easily caught, and two circum- 
stances were in our favor. Part of the enemy's line was 
obscured by the brow of the hill, and it took some moments 
for them to get into position ; and to our right and rear was 
a dense thicket of old field pines, offering an admirable cover, 
and to this we went without considering the order of our 
going. Then at a dead run for over a mile we passed com- 
pletely around the Federal left and rear and took position 
on the main line, which they had occupied a few minutes be- 
fore. In looking back upon that occasion I have always 



thought this escape of the Texans from so critical a situation 
to be one of the neatest and most successful maneuvers wit- 
nessed during the war. Its result was certainly momentous, 
for when we reached our position in the works and were 
joined by the four hundred Georgians we were the only 
troops between the enemy and Richmond. 

On their part, when they discovered that we had given 
them the slip, they reversed their march and charged across 
the open fields, but were easily repulsed. For four or five 
hours the enemy made repeated demonstrations ; but General 
Gregg handled his little force with great skill and effect, and 
they were repelled at every point. 

But our troubles were not over. About two o'clock in the 
afternoon it was ascertained that the enemy had made a 
flank movement on our left and, concealing their march by 
the broken nature of the ground, had approached near to and 
were about to attack Fort Gilmore, half a mile to our left. 
General Gregg, acting as his own courier, came down the line 
at full speed and, striking the 3d Arkansas, first ordered us 
to double-quick. Now, we had supposed that our powers of 
physical endurance had already reached their limit, yet I 
venture to say that we made that half mile in about as short 
time as men ever passed over the same distance. Panting 
for breath, we took position in the intrenchments on the left 
of the fort, which was occupied by about fifty Georgians. We 
were just in time. As we came up the enemy made his ap- 
pearance over the brow of a hill two hundred yards distant. 
There must have been a full brigade, probably fifteen hundred 
or two thousand men. In two lines they came, sweeping down 
upon us. I am a poor hand to describe a battle and shall say 
nothing about the "clash of arms," the "rattle of musketry," 
or the "roar of artillery," for we had none of the latter ; but 
that those Arkansas men did good shooting you may well 
believe, and with every shot there went up a Confederate yell 
to emphasize their aim. No doubt those Yankees thought 
as they came down the slope that they were facing thousands 
instead of about one hundred Arkansas ragamuffins. Our 
lire was deadly, and many of them fell ; but on they came. 
At about twenty-five paces I emptied a navy revolver from 
my left hand, my right arm being disabled by a wound. At 
about ten paces two of their color bearers went down, and 
then the line broke and dissolved ; and for a while the field 
seemed full of the bluecoats running for life, followed by the 
parting shots and exultant shouts of our men. 

General Gregg, who had witnessed it all, called out, "Well 
done for Arkansas," and added: "Now, boys, you may rest, 
for General Law is coming." Across the field in the rear we 
could see clouds of dust and the head of General Law's col- 
umn moving at a double-quick, and we could just hear the 
faint sounds of their encouraging yells as they hurried to 
our aid, the first installment of reinforcements, which made 
all things safe. 

I must not forget to state that while we were fighting 
whites on the left of the fort it was charged in front by a 
heavy force of negroes. They filled the large ditch which 
surrounded the earthworks and made desperate efforts to 
climb the embankment, but the Georgians were equal to the 
emergency and beat them back at every point. There hap- 
pened "to be a pile of large shells lying near a dismounted 
siege gun, and fire was set to a fuse and one of them thrown 
over into the ditch, exploding with terrific effect. This set- 
tled it; the poor negroes begged for mercy, and we took out 
of that ditch nearly two hundred of them, many of them 
wounded. 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 



V. Y. C 

MOT LOANABLE 



25 



And so the day was ended, and we had held the lines — one 
thousand men against an entire corps of the enemy, not less 
than twenty thousand strong. And Richmond was saved, for 
there is not a doubt of the fact that if we had been overcome 
and the lines broken the Federals would have had an un- 
obstructed march to Richmond, and that city would have 
fallen more than a year before that event actually occurred. 

Before closing this very imperfect sketch, I wish to add a 
word about the Texas soldiers. Our association with them 
in brigade was in the highest degree harmonious and agree- 
able. Personally, I found many pleasant acquaintances, in 
some cases approaching near to warm friendship. They were 
a noble body of men. I suppose that not many of them are 
left. Colonel Work has long since passed away, and SO ha 
Colonel Winkler, one of the truest gentlemen and bravest 
men I ever know; but his noble wife, beloved and honored 
as the historian of the brigade, survives, as does also Majoi 
Policy, the author of those inimitable papers published in 
the Veteran some years ago. And Captain Branard. as 1 
rem. mber him, one of* the finest specimens of physical man- 
hood T have ever seen and every inch of him as true as steel. 

Soldiers and comrades of the old Texas Brigade. I dedi 
cate this little sketch to you, and I greet you. one and all. 



OBSTRUCTING GRANT'S ADVANCE. 

BY I.. \. FITZPATRICK, HELENA, ARK. 

Comrade Ford's article in the Veteran for April. 1016, on 
his experience in helping to obstruct Grant's advance In watei 
on Fort Pemberton in [863 reminds me of a mote successful 
Rorl to hinder this attempt of General Grant to get into tin- 
rear of Vicksburg. The Father of Waters wis on a I tmpagi 
at that time, and the delta country was practically overflowed 
from Memphis. Term . to Vicksburg. This looked good t.. 
■eneral Grant. The Federals had already occupied our town. 
Helen i. Ark., about opposite the point where Grant with his 
ind army left the Mississippi Rivet (Moon Lake. Coa- 
1 County, Miss.); so it looked good to the Ge 

Such levees as existed in those days were broken 01 
topped by water: hut General Granl found 1l1.it by a little 
Wedging at this point opposite Moon Lake lie could gel into 
that like, which had an outlet into Cold Water River. In 
which river he could approach Fort Pemberton. Nothing 
Bunted Grant. With his base at Helena. Ark., he undertook 
the job, and with an army of two hundred thousand and 
one thousand boats of all kinds be started, flanking in a.l\ 11 
I k< b side of his route with soldiers in boats and on I 

In Moon I .ike there was plenty of water, but in the 
outlet connecting that lake with Cold Water River (known 
U "The Pass") he practically sawed out a channel for his 
boats and got through into Cold Water River. 

Commodore T. W Brown, who was then building the 

Arkansas Ram at Yazoo City, Miss, was sent up on a tug 

with instructions to put into the rivers such obstructions as he 

saw proper. He took with him twenty-five sailors and many 

demijohns tilled with powdet and ballast and suitable fuse. 

After entering Cold Water Riser, lie began to plant these 

litis in the river, leaving two men on the bank of the 

with fuse attached to each demijohn, with instrui 

to tap off the fuse as any boat passed over where the demi- 

I These sailors were hid in cane or behind 

trees, with instructions to lice when they had tapped off and 

make their way as best they could on foot to Fort Pember- 



ton, being supplied with a little hard-tack to exist on. Sev- 
eral of these were located. 

Finally the tug got out of fix. and the last to land were 
Commodore Brown and one sailor at a point near where 
Marks. Miss., now is. The Commodore, having planted a 
demijohn there, stopped himself to attend to that. Some of 
the enemy's boats had passed, the gunboats shelling the woods 
on each side as they went, they hem 1 d by the cavalry 

and skiffs, as above stated. The Commodore and his com- 
panion got behind a large gum tree on the river bank ready 
to tap off the fuse when the right boat came along the right 
Several passed, but not over the demijohn. Finally a 
large transport came along loaded to the guards with soldiers. 
The Commodore with his own hand tapped the cap on the fuse 
at the right time, and he told me long after the war was over 
that he did not think there was a living creature left; that 
die blast literally blew everything to pieces SO far i> lie could 
lie left by crawling through canebrakes, swimming the 
us of water he encountered, and in three days reached 
Fori Pemberton, with his companion, entirely exhausted, 
of his other details were successful in blowing up any- 
some were never heard from again : two details were 
captured In the flanking senilis and instantly shot to pi. cev 
1 the other details got back. 

r the war, in the seventies, I bought a plantation on the 
Pass which Grant sawed through. It was filled with old logs 
ami debris. I found an old negro who lived there at the 
time this passage was made, who told me that the Federals 
1 id boats with saws running up and down, sawing in the 
■..iter \ diver would go down and fasten a grab on the 
. 1.. which was a long rope fastened, and on the firing of 
a gun a thousand soldiers, strung from the bank out holding 
the rope, would pull, and "dat log come out" Another 
darky on the place told me thai the Yankee idvance scouts 
made him go with tin 111 down the Pass and partly down Cold 
Water River to show them the way. After they told him that 
lid go home, he was standing on the hank of the river 
.11 a high p'a. e not overflowed, wondering how he vvoul 
Liet back to bis cabin, when he heard a boat coming, and very 
-....11 he thought hell itself had burst open; for legs, hands. 
he i.N. and t.t o| men "drapped" all around him and hit him 
in the face. He paid no attention to high water after that, 
hut "run and swum" until he found himself in his cabin a few 
hours later. II. said he could see "dem heads and feet yit." 
Doubtless this was the same boat that Commodore Brown 
blew up, for he told me the sight was the most sickening he 
hid ex .r encountered. 

\s we all know. Captain Brown was formerly of the United 
States navy. lie served the Confederacy loyally. After 
Vicksbu besieged he. with the Arkansas Rain, came out 

of the Yazoo River and sank three of the enemy's vessels. 
II. was badly wounded and most of his officers killed and 
wounded; but he grounded the Ram, set it on fire, and es- 
.1 to do more. 
Commodore Brown was the true type of Southern g 
man lie wan; rs ago and died in that State 



I in 11 estion Bul sir, give me leave to demand what 
right had they i' iple": My political curi- 

osity, exclusive of my anxious solicitude for the public wel- 
fare, leads me to ask who authorized them to speak the lan- 
guage of "We the people," instead of "We the States"? States 
are the characteristics and soul of a confederation. — Patrick 
Henry, in Speech of June .;. i~SS. 



26 



^oi}federat<^ l/eterar). 



COMMODORE MONTGOMERY, A CONFEDERATE 
NAVAL HERO, AND HIS ADVENTURES. 

BY MRS. EL0ISE TYLER JACOBS, HISTORIAN ILLINOIS DIVISION. 
U. D. C. 

Though Kentucky has the honor of being the place of his 
nativity, it is for Illinois to pass on to posterity the records 
of Commodore Joseph Edward Montgomery, one of the most 
remarkable men of the Confederacy. Montgomery was born 
May 6, 1817, on a farm not far from Port William, Ky., and 
died in the city of Chicago August 4, 1902. 

Many efforts were made by publishing houses and Eastern 
magazines to secure from the Commodore the facts neces- 
sary to the publishing of his biography. These were of no < 
avail, for he shrank from notoriety and said he wouM leave 
his reminiscences with his grandson to be published, if it 
were thought worth while, after he was gone. It was when 
he was nearly in his eightieth year that the. Commodore con- 
sented to relate a few most interesting facts to a representa- 
tive of the Chicago Tribune, which on April 5, 1896, under 
headlines as above, were published on a prominent page of 
that paper. This article I shall quote in part : 

"There are few men, if any, in this country whose lives 
have been filled with as many exciting incidents and events 
of national and historical importance as have fallen to the 
lot of Commodore Joseph Edward Montgomery, the old Con- 
federate naval hero. In the days before the war Montgomery 
was probably the most widely known and esteemed captain 
and pilot on the Mississippi. Among the many, prominent 
personages who took long trips on the boats of which he was 
captain and with whom he became well acquainted were: 
Charles Dickens, "Prophet" Joseph Smith, with Brigham 
Young and the eleven other apostles, Gen. Santa Ana when 
he was a prisoner of Gen. Sam Houston, and many of the 
well-known public men of the day. 

"Commodore Montgomery was the inventor of the sub- 
marine ram which was responsible for the loss of so many 
fine Union men-of-war, and he fitted the first ram ever put 
on a warship to the Merrimac, which was enabled thereby to 
execute such work of destruction as startled the North and 
practically inspired the construction of the Monitor. It was 
he who taught Samuel Clemens the art of steamboat-piloting 
and gave the great humorist his pen name of Mark Twain. 

"Commodore Montgomery's sympathies were strongly with 
the South, and he joined the Confederate forces soon after 
the beginning of hostilities and was at once commissioned 
captain by Gen. Leonidas Polk. He did expert scout duty at 
first. In the battle of Belmont, his first conflict, Montgomery 
captured General Grant's horse when the Union forces were 
routed. As the .Northern soldiers rushed down the bank of 
the Mississippi and boarded a steamer in waiting. Captain 
Montgomery saw, to his surprise, that his brother was captain 
of the boat. The two elder Montgomery brothers had gone 
with the North, while the youngest had gone with the South. 
Captain Montgomery shouted from the bank to his brqther 
on the boat that they would have to bring more soldiers than 
that to whip the South. The day following Belmont there 
was a truce for the exchange of prisoners, and Montgomery 
gave General Grant's horse back to him. The two men were 
old friends, having lived across the street from each other in 
St. Louis, and, despite the fact that the war found them on 
opposing sides, they always remained the best of friends. 
Just before Belmont, Montgomery filed charges of cowardice 
and incompetency against Commodore Hollins, of the Mis- 



sissippi fleet, for failing to capture a fleet of Union boats in 
process of construction at Cairo. He was called to Richmond 
shortly after Belmont by Secretary of State Benjamin, of the 
Confederacy. President Davis and Secretary Benjamin wished 
him to go to the Clyde, Scotland, and have built six large 
warships. Montgomery then explained for the first time his 
submarine ram. He convinced Davis and Benjamin that the 
scheme of going to Scotland was a poor one and persuaded 
them to make warships, fitted with submarine rams, out of 
the ordinary steamers at New Orleans. In operating this 
fleet Montgomery asked to be made entirely independent of 
both army and navy. Davis and Benjamin agreed to this and 
signed their approval of the special act passed by the Con- 
federate Congress providing for the fitting up of sixteen 
men-of-war, soldiers to man them, and creating Captain 
Montgomery commander. 

• At this time the Merrimac was lying almost entirely under 
water at Norfolk, and Montgomery was sent down by Davis 
and Benjamin to see if she could be raised. The Commodore 
raised her and put on her prow the ram that caused the de- 
struction in a few minutes of three fine Union vessels. The 
construction of the Montgomery fleet was begun at once, and 
in thirty days four boats — the Arazaba, Mexico, John Breck- 
inridge, and William Whan — were completed and sent to 
Fort Pillow, eighty miles above Memphis and six miles be- 
low Plum Point. Meanwhile Commodore Montgomery learned 
that Admiral Farragut was approaching the mouth of the 
Mississippi by way of the Gulf of Mexico. The Commodore 
at once took his flagship, the Gen. Van Dorn, and went to 
Fort Jackson, seventy-five miles below New Orleans, and on 
the night of February 28, 1862, he rammed the ship Preble 
of the fleet and sank her. Soon after this the remaining boats 
of the Montgomery fleet were completed and sent to Fort 
Pillow to prepare for battle with the Union fleet at Plum 
Point. Two miles nearer them were anchored the guard boat 
Cincinnati and a mortar boat. These were captured without 
a struggle. While the transfer of prisoners was being made 
Commodore Montgomery paroled the officers of the Cin- 
cinnati ; but the captain broke his parole, and Montgomery at 
once sank the Cincinnati. The Confederate boats then pro- 
ceeded up the river, and a hot engagement with the Union 
fleet took place. Both sides poured out a hot fire with telling I 
effect. In the thick of the fight from first to last the escape 
of Commodore Montgomery was marvelous. His coat tail 
was shot away, and thirty-six bullet holes perforated his cloth- 
ing, but not a bullet entered his body. The Commodore in 
his flagship sank the Mound City, and the Confederate boat 
Sumter sank the Pittsburg. 

"The Union fleet came down and joined battle with the 
Confederate fleet again on June 5 near Memphis. Here a 
peculiar accident happened to the Confederates. The steam- 
ers Jeff Thompson and Sumter were attacking a Union boat, 
the two boats coming down swiftly toward either side of the 
Northern boat. By a clever turn the Union boat pulled out : 
of the way, and the two Confederate ships came together in 
a frightful collision. The Thompson sank at once, and the 
Sumter was badly disabled. The Lancaster, another disabled 1 
Union boat, ran up a flag of truce and gave signals of dis- 
tress, as it seemed that the boat might sink. Commodore 
Montgomery, who was on the Little Rebel, which he was] 
using as a flagship, hastened to the Lancaster and began trans- 
ferring the men. Suddenly and without warning Captain H 
Ellert, of the Lancaster, began firing at Montgomery. The 
first shot pierced the upper part of the Commodore's cap in 



Qopfederat^ l/eterar?. 



front and, glancing on his forehead, tore open the scalp for 
several inches. The Commodore fired the shot which fatally 
wounded Ellert just as a second bullet from Ellert's revolver 
shattered the small wrist bone of the hand in which Mont- 
gomery held his revolver. The fight was ended by the Thomas 
Benton, the Northern flagship, firing a cannon ball clear 
through the Little Rebel, sinking the boat on a bar. Despite 
his disabled wrist, Montgomery managed to swim to the 
Arkansas side of the river. As he climbed up the bank bul- 
lets peppered all around him. but failed to bring him down 
Five buckshot entered his leg, but he made good his escape. 

"It was not long after this that Montgomery built the great 
man-of-war Nashville, which sank seven of Farragut's fleet 
one morning on Mobile Bay. After the war the Nashville 
was a training ship at Annapolis until within the last feu- 
years. While constructing the Nashville at Montgomery, 
Ala., the Commodore went to Vicksburg to get some ma- 
chinery. At the time the Indianola ran down the river below 
Vicksburg one night and endeavored to cut off the supplies 
that were being sent to Vicksburg. Montgomery saw the 
great boat and determined to try to sink it. lie went up Red 
River to get the steamer Webb for that purpose. The boat 
was secured, and, with only twenty-eight men for a crew, it 
was brought to the Mississippi. In the nighttime it gave 
the Indianola a dig with its ram that split its side open. The 
boat was sunk and the entire crew captured. 

"Only once during the war was Montgomery captured. He 
was camping alone on the bank of the Mississippi when he 
was surrounded by a band of guerrillas, composed, he says, 
of nun from both sides who were out for plunder. They 
chained him on a boat deck, hand and foot, and robbed him 
of all he possessed. In a belt around his waist the captors 
found $360,000 in Liverpool cotton bonds. One of the men 
was sharp enough to see that they were valueless if unsigned 
by Montgomery. Two of the guerrillas took the Commodore 
alone to a room and threatened to take his life if he did not 
sign the bonds. The captive refused. One of the men 
whipped out a knife and, putting the point against Mont- 
gomery's neck, swore that he would cut his neck in a second 
if he did not sign. The brave old Commodore told them to 
cut away. Through the intervention of a superior officer the 
bonds were afterwards returned. 

"Near the close of the war many thousands of bales of cot- 
ton and a number of boats were, so the Commodore claims, 
unlaw fully taken from him by the government. The Com- 
modore now has a claim for over $1,000,000 pending in Con- 
gress." 



. I LONG NIGHT. 



nY DR. A. C. D0N0H0. IIARTSVILLE, TENN. 

Seine may have spent a longer night than I did after the 
battle of Calhoun, Ga., in 1864; but if they did it was in the 
arctic region, where the nights are six months long. After the 
battle there were ten nun, seriously wounded, for whom we 
had no transportation. They were left at the field hospital, 
with me in charge, to be captured next morning when the 
enemy came. 

Irishmen were left with me to assist in attending to 
them. They were to leave as soon as the enemy approached. 
My papers were made out for me to be captured and sent 
around and exchanged. That did not suit me. 

I had no desire in the world to make a trip North. I knew 



I would be of no service to the men nor see them any more 
after the enemy took charge of them, and the hard part of 
it was that the men were not of my brigade, but belonged to 
a Florida brigade in our division. My first effort was to get 
a wagon or wagons to move them. I went to every wagon 
I heard passing, the hospital being two or three hundred yards 
from the road ; they were all loaded and could not help me. 
About midnight everything became still, and so still ! — no more 
wagons, no more noise. After midnight the cavalry skirmish 
line fell back, leaving me between them and the enemy. A 
i them came to where I was and seemed sorry for me. 
I asked to wdiat command thej belonged and found that it was 
Colonel McKinlcy's Tennessee cavalry, whose headquarters 
were about one mile to the rear. I asked them to watch the 
men for me until I could see Colonel McKinley and get some 
ambulances, which they cheerfully agreed to do. I went 
double-quick most of the way. The Colonel treated me cour- 
teously and kindly, but had only one ambulance, and the hind 
wdieel of thai u as bri ken down ; but he said that if I would write 
a note to General Loring, who was about five miles to the 
rear, he would send a courier with it. and if General Loring 
had any ambulances he would send them. I wrote the note, 
off went the courier, and off I went back to the men after 
thanking him. I felt like hugging him for his kindness. I 
yet cherish the memory of Colonel McKinley for his kindness 
that night. 

When I got back, my Irishmen were gone and two cavalry- 
men on guard. I waited and waited, O so long! — long enough 
for several nights to pass. I had confided to my cavalry 
friend my intention to stay until I could see the enemy ap- 
proaching, then leave, for I could do no good after they had 
taken charge. He approved of my plan and agreed to let me 
ride behind him out of range of the enemy's guns. 

Just as I could see the gray dawn in the east three ambu- 
lances came. My cavalry friend assisted me in getting the 
men loaded in the ambulances, which occupied some time. .Be- 
fore we got them all in. we could see the enemy advancing, 
and just as we had the last one they saw us and opened fire. 
When the last man was in, the Minie balls were cutting up 
the dust. The last man in, I caught on the hind end of the 
ambulance (there was no room inside), waved my hand to the 
Yankees, and trotted until within the lines. 

After I got the men to the railroad station, I was fully com- 
pensated for all my long night of anxiety. One of the men, 
a lieutenant of a Florida regiment, looked up into my face with 
such an expression of gratitude as only a few times in life 
have I seen, with words of thanks to me for getting him within 
the lines so he could go home to his mother to die. I hide 
them all farewell and went in search of my regiment, which 
I soon found. They were all as glad to sec me back as if 
I had been the lost babe in the woods. Colonel Hale was 
pawing up dirt that the surgeon of the division should have 
detailed me to stay with wounded men of another command. 

But I felt like Mich Hall, who, after having been awfully 
homesick in California, came home, and all were glad to see 
him. Mother and sister were crying, with their arms around 
him. He said: "Don't do that. Get me something to eat. 
I've come to stay " 



"The silence shall be broken on the hill, 

The lips that hid their secrets in the clay 
Shall open from the poor dumb grief "i earth. 

When comes the reveille." 



28 



Qoi)federat<? l/eterai). 



CAPTURE OF GENERAL PRINCE. 

BY GEORGE C. PILE, BRISTOL, TENN. 

I have read with much interest an article in the September 
Veteran by A. J. Emerson, who described "just a plain 
fighter, William Warden Patteson." Far be it from me to 
wrest honors that rightly belong to any soldier, but there is 
one incident in the battle of Cedar Run the author lays claim 
to for his young hero that does not belong to him. 

In my experience as a soldier it was, in many particulars, 
a life of each man looking out for himself, and I have found 
out that it is much the same in civil life. If one does not 
claim his just dues, is too backward or modest to come for- 
ward and demand them, he is often shelved and some one 
else given, the glory. The mistake, too, could be excused on 
the same grounds that Captain Millett puts another in the 
same issue. "And it frequently happens." he writes, "that 
some of our good comrades get events mixed and from fre- 
quent repetition honestly regard themselves as the heroes of 
gallant actions performed by others." 

This is my apology for writing this article, and I trust I 
may be pardoned for what may seem an attempt to "blow my 
own horn" when I lay claim to one incident of that battle, 
the capture of Brigadier General Prince. 

I joined John F. Terry's company at Goodson (now Bris- 
tol). Va., in May, 1S61. He afterwards became lieutenant 
colonel of the 37th Virginia. I was then but seventeen years 
old. We first went out under General Garnett, joining him 
at Laurel Hill, W. Va. He was later killed at Cheat River. 
In the fall of 1S61 we joined Stonewall Jackson and were 
with him in all his engagements up to the time of his last 
battle at Chancellorsville. 

During the battle of Cedar Run General Winder had been 
killed, and our commander, General Taliaferro, succeeded 
him. taking over his staff officers. The fight was about over. 
and General Pope's men were scattered ; his cavalry lost 
heavily in their charge, and we were the victors. With the 
recklessness of youthful enthusiasm I went forward some 
fifty or seven yards in front of our men, when I saw a man 
on horseback about two hundred yards ahead coming over 
the hill. He was alone. Just then firing commenced on 
our right, and he turned to go in that direction. I hailed 
him and beckoned him to come to me, which he did. He 
had mistaken our men for his. As he approached me I 
leveled my gun at him and ordered his surrender. "Why," 
said he. much surprised, "I'm General Prince, commander of 
a division." 

"I'm George C. Pile." I replied, "of the 3d Brigade of 
Stonewall's Division." I recall how proud we were to let it 
be known that we were with Stonewall Jackson. 

"Why, those are my men up there," he said, pointing to our 
regiment, 

"Your men were there awhile ago, and if you had been 
with them you would know where they are now," I assured 
him. 

"Then." said he, "take me to a commissioned officer." 

Taking hold of his horse's bridle. I led him over to our 
men. and General Taliaferro, riding up. received his sword. 
As I was in the act of taking General Prince's revolver from 
his holster General Taliaferro said rather brusquely, "Give 
me that pistol." not knowing what part I had performed. 
When this treatment was reported at the headquarters of 
Gen. George H. Steuart, he sent for me and insisted that I 
prefer charges against General Taliaferro: but I told him I 
didn't care. and. besides, it might get him into trouble. Little 



did I think then that some one else would come forward 
fifty-four years after and make the claim. General Steuart 
later made me aid-de-camp and promised me further promo- 
tion when a vacancy should occur. 

An officer of the 23d Virginia at the time tried to claim 
the credit of the capture and was challenged by one of our 
captains, afterwards Maj. Clint' Wood. This is the only in- 
stance of the act being questioned that I ever heard of up 
to this time. I can understand how in the noise and con- 
fusion of a big battle reports will vary, but the capture of 
General Prince took place after the biggest excitement of the 
fight was over. General Prince was out in the open ; he was 
alone, and I was alone, and there was no skirmish line near. 
The Lynchburg Daily, in publishing an account of the battle 
at the time, mentioned this capture and gave me credit. 

The foregoing statement is in substance from my personal 
war reminiscences written sometime ago ; but I do not have 
to rely upon them to revive the occasion, as all the events 
connected with the Cedar Run battle are very vivid in my 
memory. However, if this statement is not sufficient, I can 
furnish affidavits to substantiate my claim. 

Subscribed and sworn to before me this December 4, 1916. 

J. H. Swan, Notary Public. 



ON RETREAT FROM MISSIONARY RIDGE. 

BY J. STOKES VINSON, HIRAM, ARK. 

Just a word of my experience on the retreat from Missionary 
Ridge. I was a member of Company D. 5th Tennessee Regi- 
ment, Maney's Brigade, Cheatham's Division, Hardee's Corps, 
and we covered the retreat on our road from Chickamauga 
Station to Ringgold Gap. Late in the evening, when we were 
nearing a bridge on the Chickamauga River, the Yankees be- 
gan to crowd us ; so we formed a streak of fight and pushed 
them back, then rushed across the bridge. Just ahead of us 
was another bridge. The enemy had set a trap in the bend of 
the river, intending to get both bridges on us. They captured 
one of our batteries on the bridge just ahead of us. They 
had us hemmed : but our officers went to the left and found 
a ford, where we waded across, hip-deep. It was a cold, 
frosty night in November after dark. We looked like a drove 
of cattle in the water, and we had to stand there until we 
nearly froze while scouts felt around to see if the enemy was 
over there. We were too sharp for them and slipped out of 
their trap. It took us until two o'clock the next morning to 
get into camp at Ringgold Gap. We were then put in the lead 
and walked the railroad ties all day to Dalton through Tunnel 
Hill, which was dark traveling. When we reached camp at 
Dalton. we were the tiredest set of boys that ever marched. 
More stragglers than I ever saw were coming in all night. 

General Cleburne took our place at Ringgold Gap. History 
gives the result of that day, and nearly everybody knows how 
Pat's men stopped the advance of the Yankees. We went into 
winter quarters and had a long-needed rest. Our regiment 
ramped part of the winter at Tilton, ten miles from the rail- 
road, to guard provision trains that were being robbed. 

In the Veteran some years ago a contribution stated that 
the 50th Tennessee Regiment was reorganized at Jackson, 
Tenn. The regiment was never in West Tennessee nor in Jack- 
son. The 50th reenlisted and was reorganized at Brandon, 
Miss. I know, for I was with the regiment all the while, al- 
ways at roll call except at Fort Donelson, when I was in 
Georgia on furlough. 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai}. 



IN MEMORY OF THE BRAVE. 

BY MISS M. J. HAW. 

The silent flight of circling years 

Has stilled the cannon's roar; 
The echoing tramps of martini hosts 

Fall on the ear no more ; 
The drums are stilled, the banners furled, 
The do\ i- <if |,< ,i ! I;, oVr nur w .irld. 

To plowshares turned, the gleaming swords 
Have stirred the trampled sod; 

And where Death reaped his harvest dread 
And souls went up to God, 

Rich, golden harvests meet our gaze, 

The tall grass grows, and cattle graze. 

The men and women who now fill 

The many walks of life 
Heard not the roar of hostile guns. 

Saw not the deadly strife; 
But parent lips have told the tale 
How right 'gainst might could naught avail, 

Though gallantly from town and farm 

Thousands of patriots brave 
Rushed hotly to the deadly fray 

Their native land to save ; 
How bravely, daringly they fought. 
And what heroic deeds they wrought 

And not alone through coming years 

Shall human lips relate 
Their noble deeds, but stone and bronze 

Their fame perpetuate. 
And monuments of beauty prove 
A grateful country's pride and love. 

t 

Be ours the task to keep alive 

'These memories sublime 
By tongue and pen and sculptured stone 

Throughout all coming time, , 
'That men be stirred to emulate 
The record of our good and great. 



The above lines were written by Miss M. J. Haw and read 
It a meeting of the U. D. C. at Hanover C. II.. Va., on Sep- 
tember 29, 1916, on the anniversary of the unveiling of the 
Hanover County monument. It was there that Patrick Henry 
delivered bis famous "Parsons Speech." and across this same 
green the enthusiastic populace carried him on their shoul 
ders from the courthouse. Beautiful tablets on this monument 
are inscribed with the names of over eleven hundred soldiers 
who went from the county to the Confederate army. 

Miss Haw is a truly devoted Daughter of the Confederacy, 
having lived in the stirring times that tried the souls of men 
and women in the South. With her mother she nursed and 
cared for the wounded and sick in her father's home at Han- 
over and helped to support and operate a convalescent ho 
pital in the neighborhood. 1 luring the cavalry light at Haw's 
Shop her In. me was much exposed to the Confederate shells 
which were directed at a Federal battery posted on the lawn. 



As a writer she has contributed to periodicals which were pub- 
lished in Richmond, Va., during the war. One of her pro- 
ductions of the time was "The Rivals." a war si 
ran as a serial and was then issued in book form. Since that 
tunc, Iviik- contributing to religious papers and other peri- 
odicals, she has published a novel. "The Beechwood Thil 
the scenes of which were laid in Virginia and the South, and 
this was highly commended by eminent critics. 

Miss Haw is n years of age, and, though physically 

not verj strong, she is mentally keen and bright. 



////• RO IGAN'S ESCORT. 

The accompanying roll is almost, if not entirely, the mem- 
bership of a company of cavalry organized as the personal 
escort of Maj. Gen. James F. Fagan, Trans-Mississippi De- 
partment. C. S. A. The company was never attached to any 
11 nt and served in the capacity for which it was organized 
until the close of the war, surrendering ai Shreveport, La., 
in May. 1865. 

Col. S. 11. Xowlin, former Chairman of the Historical Com- 
mittee. U. C V., received this roll from Capt. .1. \V. Rayburn, 
of Little Rock, Ark, one of the commissioned officers of the 
company. He was assisted in its compilation by John P. 
Smith, of Fort Smith. Ark., and J. F. Hopkins, of Mabclvale. 
Ark., both of whom were members of the company. The 
present addresses of those still living are given where known, 
and those known to be dead are so designated. 'The publica- 
tion of this list may aid in locating many others Or in reports 
of other deaths. Either of the above-named comrades will be 
glad to hear from any of the survivors. 

Commissioned Officers. — W. B. Nowland, captain (dead); 
J. W. Rayburn, first lieutenant (dead) ; F. W. Nowland, sec- 
ond lieutenant, Memphis. Tenn.; George E. Sears, third lieu- 
ten. mi ( dead I. 

Noncommissioned Officers. — E. G. Portlock, first sergeant 
< dead 1 ; John Ferguson, second sergeant (dead); 11. L. 
Fletcher, third sergeant (dead) ; J. H. Black, fourth sergeant 
(dead) ; John P. Smith, fifth sergeant, Fort Smith, Ark. 

Corporals. — R. W. Tinker, first corporal (dead) ; John Nor- 
ris, second corporal; Robert Irons, third corporal. 

ilcs. — E. S. Adams, George Adams, Robert Armstrong, 
Morrilton, J. S. Britt, W. J. Bronaugh, H. Brown, Charles 
Buck, W. G. Butler (dead), Rufus Black, Samuel D. Butler 

l(al), Bridges, P. R. Carrington, W. H. Causine 

(dead), William Clark, Coon Clark, Henry Davis, Charles 
Ellis, M. M. Erwin, Henry Flora, W. F. Ferguson, Caleb 
Fletcher, Thomas J. Gatlin, John Green (dead), S. D. Gus- 
inie. K. H. Graves, George P. Grass, Kansas City, Mo., Robert 
Gibson, Siloam Springs, Ark., l'erd Hamilton (dead), J. W. 
Hawkins (dead), R. Holdman, A. Hood. J. F. Hopkins 
(dead), J. B. Howell (dead), F. [rman, Black Rock, Ark.. 
Luther Imboden, Dick Jarrett. Thomas Jones, Charles {tim- 
ber (dead), William Lee, W. E. McPherson, Henry McKnett 
(dead). Richard McCrce. J. W. Moore (dead), P. G. Moore, 
W. C. Mitchell (dead), J. J. Martin, Tine Bluff. Ark.. James 
Purdom, Richard Purdom, Robert Pitts, Robert Rca. C. E. 
Reynolds, C. F. Robinson (dead), Cassius Simmons, E. B. 
Smith (dead), William Smith, William Seymour, R. L. 
Stobridge (dead), W. B. Saunders, F. E. Samuels. W. K. 
Sloan. R. B. Stone (dead), J. B. Trulock, Pine Bluff, White 
Walker, Fayetteville, R. M. Webber. 



30 



^oi^federat^ l/eterap. 




"But the truer life draws nigher 

Every year, 
And its morning star climbs higher 

Every year; 
Earth's hold on us grows slighter. 
And the heavy burden lighter, 
And the dawn immortal brighter 

Every year." 



Dr. William A. Brown. 

In youth a stalwart defender of the soil and honor of his 
native Southland, valiant in the maelstrom of mortal combat 
among men who were older, but none braver than he ; in mid- 
dle age a leader in that noble army of men who wage cease- 
less war on pain and disease, a healing visitor of the sick, a 
fond and faithful husband, a kind and gentle father, and a 
righteousness citizen ; honored in old age, wise in the coun- 
sel of his Church and State, exemplar of his own loved 
household and of a gen- 
eration of men and wom- 
en to whom he had min- 
istered in body and spirit 
through child, youth, and 
maturity ; at death his 
memory revered by men, 
his spirit attended to its 
heavenly home by minis- 
tering angels — so bravely 
lived and now has died 
Dr. William A. Brown, 
of Monticello, Ark. He 
served with distinction in 
the hard campaign of life 
and on the 6th of Septem- 
ber, 1916, answered the 
summons of the Great 
Commander to return to 
the base of the spiritual army of the tried and faithful. 

Dr. William A. Brown was born in Fayetteville, Lincoln 
County, Tenn., on November 23, 1843. Having barely com- 
pleted his common school education when the War between 
the States broke out, he volunteered at the age of eighteen in 
Company E, 8th Tennessee Infantry. In the bloody battle of 
Murfreesboro, where all but eight of his company were killed 
and not an officer was left to call the roll of survivors, he 
was wounded in the leg and permanently disabled. Immedi- 
ately after the war he entered school at Danville, Ky., and 
later on Washington College (now Washington and Lee Uni- 
versity), at Lexington, Va., where he sat in the classroom 
under the noble leader of men whom he had formerly fol- 
lowed in battle, Gen. Robert E. Lee. Upon completing his 
academic education he studied medicine at Nashville, Tenn., 
removing to Arkansas to practice in 1873. He. settled first 




1)R. w. A. BROWN. 



near Relf's Bluff, in Drew County, Ark., and there in Mount 
Zion Church married Miss Mary Hoke, who became the 
mother of his five children, always his inspiring helpmeet and 
companion until her death, some twenty years thereafter. 
About 1889 he removed with his family to Monticello, where 
he lived as a prominent physician, a devoted elder in the Pres- 
byterian Church, and an unselfish leader in civic affairs until 
the long illness that ended in death. 

Dr. Brown joined the Presbyterian Church while at school 
in Danville, Ky., and was always an aetive and devoted mem- 
ber of that Church and an elder for more than twenty-seven 
years. The cause of the Confederacy was sacred to him, and 
its memories were among his cherished recollections. He at- 
tended all the Confederate Reunions, was twice Commander 
of the Second Arkansas Brigade, and was Commander of the 
Arkansas Division, U. C. V., at the reunion of 1912 at Macon. 
Ga. In Monticello he was a member of Camp James A. Jack- 
son, U. C. V. He was an honored member of the Masonic 
order and served in every station of his lodge. As a physi- 
cian, he was for years President of both the Drew County 
and the Fourth Council, or District Medical Societies. 

Tall and erect in stature, graceful in movement, refined in 
features, gentle in speech, chaste and fluent in conversation, 
courtly in manner, the soul of honor and quiet dignity, Dr. 
Brown was one of those fine old gentlemen of the South 
whose kind may be known all too soon only through the 
printed page of history and romance and in the lives who 
have known and loved them and taken them for their exem- 
plars. He was a man of strong convictions, prompt and vig- 
orous, but always charitable in action. Public-spiritedness 
was his dominating characteristic, and he never grew too old 
to be found in the forefront of every wisely progressive move 
for civic improvement. He made the highest standard of pro- 
fessional ethics the unaltered plane of his professional conduct. 
In all things and through all times he lived a most striking 
and worthy type of Christian gentleman. With the soul of an 
artist, he found refreshment and joy in contemplating the 
beauties of nature, the inimitable handiwork of the Master 
Artist, portrayed not only in human character, but in the woods 
and fields, in the glory of the sunrise and the crimson beauty 
of the evening sky. 

Dr. Brown is survived by three sons and two daughters : 
Mrs. Ed Ahrens, of Monticello ; Mr. Duffie Brown, of Mon- 
roe, La.; Mr. Williarn Brown, of Utah; Mr. Carroll Brown, 
of Hamburg, Ark. ; and Miss Bessie Brown, of Monticello. 

G. James Barrett. 

G. James Barrett was a member of Westmoreland Camp, 
at Kinsale, Va., and took pride in wearing his Confederate 
cross of honor. He enlisted as a Confederate soldier in Com- 
pany D, 40th Virginia Infantry, and served faithfully to the 
end. He married Miss Apphia Ambrose, and three sons and 
three daughters survive him. He liv^d in Richmond County, 
near East End, Va., and was an upright and honorable citi- 
zen, modest and retiring in his disposition and correct and 
square in his dealings. As a member of Menokin Baptist 
Church, he was a sincere and loyal Christian. His enfeebled 
condition of body confined him for many months to his home, 
but he bore his infirmities with unmurmuring resignation and 
died on the "th of September, 1916. in the calm but confident 
hope of immortality. He has left to his children and grand- 
children the legacy of a godly memory and a patriotic and 
upright life. 



Qopfederat^ Ueterar>. 



31 




CAPT. J. A. BOYD. 



Capt. John A. Boyd. 

Capt. John A. Boyd, of Rusk, Tex., a prominent citizen of 
Cherokee County for about sixty-six years, died at the resi- 
dence of his son, Dr. Frank D. Boyd, in Fort Worth, on 
August 25, 1916, and was buried in Cedar Hill Cemetery, at 
Rusk. The Daughters of the Confederacy and the veterans 
of the county had charge 
of the funeral services. 

John A. Boyd enlisted 
in Company C, 3d Texas 
Cavalry, on June 10, 1861, 
and was made ensign. He 
was in the battles of Oak 
Hill, Mo., Elk Horn, Ark., 
and from there to Corinth, 
Miss., when Captain Boyd 
was placed in the brigade 
quartermaster's depart- 
ment, where he served to 
the close of the war. 

On July 12, 1866, Cap- 
tain Boyd was happily 
married to Miss Annie, 
daughter of the Hon. S. 
T. Harrison, who served 
his county in the State legislature. In 1916 they celebrated 
their fiftieth marriage anniversary. Captain Boyd was a 
presiding elder in the Presbyterian Church and loyal in his 
devotion to its service, as he was to every cause he espoused 
Me was a good man, and with hand and heart he was ever 
ready to assist the needy. He was Commander of Ross- 
Ector Camp, No. 513, U. C. V., at the time of his death and 
had ever been true to the convictions of 1861-65. 

[Tribute by John B. Long.] 

Judge William George Bennett. 

In the death of Judge William G. Bennett on November 8, 
1916, at his home, in Weston, W. Va., that State lost one of 
its most influential and honored citizens. He was the son of 
Jonathan M. Bennett, war auditor of Virginia and otherwise 
prominent in Virginia and West Virginia, and of Margaret 
Jackson Bennett, of the Stonewall Jackson family. Born on 
January 5. 18)7, at Weston, then Virginia, he received his 
early education at private schools until he entered the Vir- 
ginia Military Institute at Lexington, from which he grad- 
uated in 1866. While there he participated with its cadets 
in the historical battle of New Market, the fields of which 
were bathed in the blood of a large per cent of that corps, 
many of whom were mere children at the time. He also took 
part in the battle at Lynchburg. Before surrendering he hid 
• '.away his sword, and so well was it hidden that it was not 
'found for over forty-live years afterwards, when it was un- 
:»rthed and returned to him as untarnished as when last worn. 
Naturally it was highly prized and rested on his funeral 
askct. 

r graduating at Lexington he studied law at the Uni- 
ersity of Virginia and entered into an active and lucrative 
iractice in Weston, where he stood distinguished among his 
ellow lawyers. He served as judge of the circuit court of 
he tenth judicial district for sixteen years, during which he 
na recognized as an upright, fearless, and impartial judge. 
■ hose opinions commanded the utmost respect. He also held 



many other appointive and elective offices. He was a promi- 
nent Mason and had been Grand Master of the Grand Lodge 
of West Virginia. 

Identified with many of the principal interests and indus- 
tries of the State, he was recognized as one of its leading 
citizens. As a large landowner and lover of horses, he found 
recreation in keeping one of the best stock farms in the State, 
on which he raised thoroughbred and trotting horses of na- 
tional reputation. 

Dr. W. J. W. Kerr. 

Dr. W. J. W. Kerr was the eldest of three brothers who 
served in the Confederate service throughout the four years 
of war. He was born in Giles County, Tenn., December 1, 
1834, and died November 12, 1916, after a long illness. 

Dr. Kerr was Surgeon of Camp Winkler, U. C. V., of Cor- 
sicana, Tex., and also Medical Director of the Texas Division, 
with the rank of Colonel. He was a prisoner of war at 
("imp Douglas and Point Lookout for several months in the 
winter of 1862. In the summer of 1863 he had charge of the 
smallpox hospital at Chattanooga, Tenn., and was afterwards 
train surgeon. He was placed with Captain Wirz's command 
at Andersonville Prison, where so many Federal soldiers 
were imprisoned, and was indicted by a military commission 
with Jefferson Davis, Captain \V1r7. Cobb. White. Stevenson, 
and others. 

On page 87 of "A True History of Andersonville Prison" 
Captain Page, who was a prisoner at Andersonville, says : 
"Chief among the surgeons were Drs. White, Stevenson, and 
Kerr ; and no medical men. North or South, performed their 
duty more laboriously or conscientiously than the above- 
named gentlemen." 

After the war Dr. Kerr practiced medicine at Kossuth and 
Corinth. Miss., until January, 1873, when he went to Texas 
and located at Corsicana, and there lived for forty-three years 
an honored citizen, a member of the Cumberland Presbyterian 
Church, a Mason, and one of the Past Grand Patriarchs of 
I. O. O. F., and was prominent in establishing the Widows and 
Orphans' Home of that order at Corsicana. which is the pride 
of all Odd Fellows of Texas. 

lie was nearly eighty-two years of age. and the last serv- 
ice he rendered his country was to vote for Woodrow Wilson. 
lie leaves a devoted wife, two children, a son and a daughter, 
and two brothers, D. 11. M. Kerr, of Headrick, Okla., and 
J. C. R. Kerr, of Corsicana. Like a tired child he fell asleep. 
In beautiful Oakwood Cemetery he was laid away among a 
profusion of lovely flowers. 

[From tribute by his brother, Reid.] 

Joseph Henry Bragg. 

Joseph Henry Bragg was born in Stewart County, Tenn.. 
in September, 1842. his parents removed to Arkansas in 1848, 
and when the war came on, in 1861, he enlisted in Company 
E, 7th Arkansas Infantry, commanded by Col. R. G. Shaver. 
Govan's Brigade, Cleburne's Division. He served as corporal. 
orderly sergeant, and lieutenant, and was in every engage- 
ment from Shiloh to the surrender, in 1865. He was wounded 
at Franklin, also at Resaca. 

After the war he engaged in agricultural pursuits until his 
death, at Imboden, Ark., November 4, 1916. He was ever true 
to his colors in life and was buried in his Confederate uni- 
form. 



.V 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai>, 




J. D. CHRISTIAN. 



John D. Christian. 

John D. Christian was born at Balfours, in Charles City 
County, Va., on October 4, 1845. He entered the Confederate 
army in April, 1862, as a boy of sixteen, enlisting in" the Pa- 
niunkey Artillery, one of the heavy artillery companies sta- 
tioned at Chaffin's Bluff, just below Drewry's Bluff, the bat- 
talion being under command of Col. J. M. Maury. Later on 
young Christian was detailed 
as a clerk in the quartermas- 
ter's office at Chaffin's Bluff, 
where he remained until the 
evacuation of Richmond, 
when he went with his com- 
mand, then under Maj. 
Robert Stiles, to Appomattox. 
He returned to his old 
home only to find it in ashes 
and the family destitute. In 
1868 he entered a business 
house in Baltimore and was 
there for twenty years, during 
which time he helped to found 
the Manufacturer's Record, 
which journal has been such 
a powerful factor in the de- 
velopment of the South. He was married to Miss Eva Tay- 
lor, of Charles City County, in May, 1873, and to them three 
sons and a daughter were born. In 1887 he removed to Rich- 
mond, Va., and was in business there for several years, going 
then to Rocky Mount, N. C, where he conducted a successful 
business until his death, September I, 1916. 

Three things stand out preeminently in estimating the char- 
acter of this comrade — his native ability, his high integrity, his 
whole-souled devotions, which were fourfold : the Confeder- 
ate cause, the order of Masonry, his family, his Church. To 
the cause of the South he gave the opening years of his young 
manhood ; to that cause he was ever loyal ; and when the end 
came, by his wish he was laid to rest in his suit of gray in 
beautiful Hollywood, at Richmond, Va.. where so many com- 
rades await the last trumpet sound. His wife and sons sur- 
vive him. 

Robert Marcius Hall. 

Robert Marcius Hall was a true and worthy member of 
Company A. 15th Virginia Cavalry, under Capt. Lucius San- 
ford, and for a number of years was a faithful member of 
Westmoreland Camp, U. C. V., at Kinsale, Va., holding a high 
place in the confidence and love of his comrades. 

When the war was over he returned to the peaceful pur- 
suit of agriculture, and with intelligent energy, care, and 
economy he built upon the waste and ruin of war the fabric 
of substantial thrift and plenty. An invaluable aid to his 
struggles was found in his wife, Mary Bettie Jennings, whom 
he had married prior to the war. After a few years of this 
happiness he was left with a little daughter, and later he 
married the only sister of his wife, Sarah Jennings, and to 
them were born three sons and five daughters. 

Comrade Hall was an honored citizen, diligent in affairs of 
personal and general welfare. For over sixty years he was a 
devout and faithful member of Rappahannock Baptist Church. 

After experiencing for several years the infirmities of age. 
bearing his bodily discomforts with patient resignation and 
divine hope, he entered into rest on August 10, 1916, in the 
eighty-first year of his age. His body was interred in the 
cemetery of Rappahannock Church. 



Comrades at Savannah, Ga. 

Mitchell King, who died at Baltimore, Md., on November 
13, 1916, entered the service of his State at Charleston, S. C, 
in December, i860, as a private in the Marion Artillery. He 
was appointed captain of Company A, 1st South Carolina 
Regulars, in April, 1861 ; was adjutant of the regiment from 
1863 to 1865, principally stationed at Fort Moultrie, Fort 
Sumter, Castle Pinckney, Johns and James Islands ; was with 
Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's army at Averysboro and Benton- 
ville, N. C. ; and was captured on picket line and sent to Fort 
Delaware, where he remained until July 1, 1865. 

Matthew R. Tunno, whose death occurred at Savannah, Ga., 
on December 5, 1916, entered the Confederate service at Co- 
lumbus, Ky., in September, 1861. He attained the rank of 
captain and was also post ordnance officer at Columbus, Ky., 
by order of Maj. Gen. Leonidas Polk, commanding the 1st Di- 
vision, Western Department. Previous to this appointment 
he was a member of the Charleston Light Dragoons at 
Charleston, S. C. After the battle of Shiloh and the evacua- 
tion of Corinth, he was detailed in the ordnance department 
at Columbus, Miss., and stationed at points in Mississippi and 
Alabama with the commissary department until November, 
1864, when he resigned and joined Company I, 4th Regiment 
of South Carolina Cavalry, Col. R. H. Rutledge, then at Dick's 
Ford, Va. On April 26, 1865, he was surrendered near 
Greensboro, N. C. 

Lemuel C. Downs, a member of the Confederate Veterans' 
Association of Savannah, Ga., died in that city on December 
9, 1916. He entered the Confederate service May 31, 1861, 
and was orderly sergeant of Cobb's Mountaineers, Company 
I, 7th Georgia Regiment of Infantry, Anderson's Brigade, 
Hood's Division. A. N. V., and surrendered with his company 
at Appomattox April 9, 1865. 

L. F. A. Holleman. 

L. F. A. Holleman was born in Smith County, Tenn., Oc- 
tober 15, 1831, and died at the home of his daughter, Mrs. 
J. R. Mathis, in Stigler, Okla., on November 4, 1916. At the 

age of seven years he was 
converted and joined the 
Methodist Episcopal 
Church, South, and was 
elected a steward at the 
age of seventeen. Com- 
rade Holleman was a Con- 
federate soldier, brave and 
true, and his heart was al- 
ways loyal to the Confed- 
eracy. He served with 
Cheatham's Brigade dur- 
ing the first years of the 
War between the States; 
but when General Forrest 
turned westward on his 
notable campaign he asked 
of General Bragg thatj 
young Holleman, with the 
latter's consent, be allowed 
to go with him, and with this division of the army he re-l 
mained until the close of the war. He was never wounded. 
After the war he went from Alabama to Arkansas, and then 
some years ago he went to Oklahoma and made his home with 
his daughter at Stigler. 




L. ¥. A. HOLLEMAN. 



Qo^federat^ tfeterai). 



33 




CAP! I I WALLACI 



Capt. James Craig Wallace. 

The sudden death of Capt. James Craig Wallace on May 
30, 1916, at his home, in Keytesville, Mo., brought sorrow to the 
entire community and to many friends throughout the State. 
The families to which he belonged have been prominent in 
his native county of Chariton for a century. His grandfather, 
Hiram Craig, was a colonel in the War of 1812 and before 
Missouri was a State came from Virginia with his wife, who 
was a niece of Gen. William Campbell, and acquired and 

improved a large tract of 

land in Chariton on which 
the family resided for 
eighty-five years and 
where Captain Wallace 
was born April 17, 1842. 
His father, John S. Wal- 
lace, descended from the 
Wallaces of Virginia and 
Scotland and traced his 
ancestry to Sir William 
Wallace. 

James C. Wallace was a 
student at the University 
of Missouri and had begun 
the study of law when 
the strife of 1861 and the 
preceding years led him to 
realize that war was in- 
evitable. He at firs! en 
listed under Gen. Sterling 
Price, who was a neigh- 
bor, in his attempt to 
drive back the invasion of Missouri by General Lyon and 
other Northern troops. When General Price joined the Con- 
federacy, he went with him, and in 1862 he was elected cap- 
tain of Company I, 9th Regiment of Missouri Infantry, and 
held that rank and fought on until the war closed. His serv- 
ice was mostly in Mississippi. Louisiana, and Arkansas. He 
was noted for the consideration he had for the men of his 
company, the thoroughness with which he drilled and trained 
them, and the readiness with which he answered with them, 
fully prepared for any call for action. He was firm in dis- 
cipline, courageous, and as valiant as a knight of old. but as 
tender-hearted as a woman. 

When the war was over, he laid down his sword, returned 
to his home county, took up his law hooks. In came a line 
lawyer, acquired a large practice, occupied many offices of 
trust and honor, was a valuable counselor to business men in 
every vocation, promoted schools for the masses, and was 1 
most thoughtful neighbor and beloved friend. Few men 
equaled him in cheerfulness, wit, and bubbling humor; and 
these, with his inborn good breeding, urbane manners, and 
fine common sense, made him a great favorite. 

In 1874 he married Miss Laura Watts, daughter of Dr. 
James Watts, of Fayette, who. with two daughters, survives 
him A true man, a devoted husband, a loving father, a gal- 
lant soldier, a valuable citizen, a Christian gentleman has 
answered the roll call on high. 

"His was a soul of honor everywhere, 
That to ignoble action scorned to bend ; 
True to his trust in friendship's faith, he ne'er 
Forgot a favor or forsook a friend." 

[Tribute by W. F. Carter, ex-lieutenant Company A, 9th 
Missouri Infantry, C. S. A.] 



Edward Alexander Moore. 

Edward A. Moore died at Salisbury, Md., on November 18, 
1916. He was born October 21, 1842, in Lexington, Va. In 
March, 1862, while a student at Washington College, he en- 
listed with the Rockbridge Battery and saw gallant and 
arduous service until Appomattox, where he surrendered with 
the small remnant of his command. 

He was a man of culture and of wide information and pos- 
sessed fine literary gifts, which survive in tribute to his old 
comrades in arms, the Rockbridge Artillery, under the title 
of "A Cannoneer Under Stonewall Jackson." No one was 
more interested in Confederate memories, and he was long a 
member and officer of Lee-Jackson Camp, Confederate Vet- 
erans. He was buried in Lexington, Va. 

1 1. KlMF.S. 

George M. Kimes was born md reared near Paris, Tex., 
and enlisted in the Confederate army at Yazoo City, Miss., in 
the spring of 1861 as a member of Company D, iSth Regi- 
ment of Mississippi Infantry. The command went to Vir- 
ginia, where he served all through the war in Barksdale's 
Brigade. Since 1867 he had lived in Fauquier and Rappahan- 
nock Counties, when he married and reared a large family 
of good and useful citizens. He died at his son's home in 
Blaine, Mineral County, \Y. Va., November 23, 1016, and was 
buried in Sharon Cemetery, .11 Middleburg, Loudoun County, 
Va., by the side of his wife, who had preceded him to the 
I In both had been members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, South, at Fiery Run, Upper 
Fauquier County, Va., for ninny years. 

x F. White. 

Orren F White, son of Richard and Martha A. White, was 
horn December o. 1830, and died July 6. 1016. He was born 

on Big Sand Creek, in 
Hinds County, Miss, and 
there he lived and died on 
the old home place that his 
father had entered from 
the State. He had never 
married and was the last 
of his immediate family. 
leaving no nearer relatives 
than nephews and nieces. 
He went out at the be- 
ginning of the War be- 
tween the States with the 
Crystal Springs Southern 
Rights Rifles, which be- 
came Company C of the 
16th Mississippi Regiment. 
He served as a noncom- 
missioned officer, being 
second sergeant. The 
regiment was assigned to 
General Lee's army in 
Virginia. Comrade White 
went through the war and 
returned to the old home 
after the surrender and 
helped to reclaim it from the devastation of war. 




o. F. Willi 1.. 



34 



C^oijfederat^ l/eterap. 




Launcelot Minor. 

Launcelot Minor was born in Albemarle County. Va., June 
16, 184", at Minor Home, Land's End, near Charlottesville. 
He was the son of Dr. Charles and Lucy Minor and one of 
thirteen children, of whom three sisters and two brothers are 
now living — Mrs. W. R. Abbott and Miss Annie Minor, of 
Virginia, Miss Kate Minor, of New York, and Dr. J. C. 
Minor, of Hot Springs, Ark. Dr. Charles Minor and wife 
were of the old Southern, dignified, cultured, aristocratic 
Christian people who meas- 
ured up to the full standard 
of solid citizens and were of 
great influence in their day. 

Launcelot Minor, called 
"Colonel" by his comrades at 
home, belonged to the Rock- 
bridge Artillery. Jackson's 
Division, and is entitled to all 
the glory and honor that his- 
tory 'gives to Jackson's men in 
the Army of Virginia. He 
was severely wounded in his 
side and for years suffered 
with this wound. In his last 
illness it added to his suffer- 
ing. Charles Minor, a brother, 
went to Jacksonport, Ark., in 
1866, taught school, and mar- 
ried Miss Kate Board, daugh- 
ter of a prominent citizen of launcelot minor. 
Jackson County. He was 

elected representative in 1871 and died at his old home, in 
Charlottesville, in 1881. 

Launcelot Minor went to Jacksonport in 1871 and took part 
and lot with the old Confederates. At that time Jacksonport 
was in the high tide of Reconstruction. The carpet-bag gang 
was after the ex-Confederates, so we slept on our arms, not 
knowing what a day or night might bring forth. Powell Clay- 
ton was our carpet-bag Governor. He sent to Jacksonport 
and had Col. Lucien C. Gause and L. Minor arrested and 
brought before him by negro soldiers. Gause was the first 
to appear, and Clayton informed him that he must tell about 
the Ku-Klux Klan ; but Gause refused emphatically to give 
any information of the Klan. Clayton said: "Don't you know 
that I can kill you?" Gause answered: "I know you can, but 
I don't think you will, for no one but :a coward would do that." 
"Colonel" Minor went through the same questions and gave 
about the same answers. Clayton realized that they were not 
to be intimidated and turned them out on bond. Those were 
perilous days in Jacksonport, and none could have been equal 
to the emergency as were the ex-Confederates. By their nerve 
they put down carpet-bag rule and gave the State back to 
civil government. 

"Colonel" Minor was a highly educated and cultured gentle- 
man, a big-hearted, noble man. He and Col. Dick Davis 
were prominent in organizing Tom Hindman Camp. No. 318, 
U. C. V., in Newport, and Minor was Commander from its 
organization until his death. He took the lead in all Con- 
federate movements and was always helping his unfortunate 
old comrades. No man did more than he. He was a pro- 
gressive man. When he came to Newport and opened a law 
office, his energy and happy disposition carried weight and 
were big factors in building up the city in early days. He 
was a devoted Churchman and a vestryman for years in his 



Church. He was active in our local reunions, was a con- 
tributor to the Confederate monument fund, and helped in 
many other ways. He was loved by every one, and his place 
can never be filled. 

He died in Newport, Ark., June 13, 1916, survived by his 
wife and five children. 

[Tribute by W. E. Bevens, Newport, Ark.] 

Hill County Camp, U. C. V. 

At the regular meeting of Hill County Camp, No. 166, U. 
C, V., of Hillsboro, Tex., held on November 25, 1916, the 
following resolution was adopted : 

"On the morning of November 8, 1916, Comrade Thomas 
K. McDonald answered the last roll call. He was born in 
Hall County, Ga., and later moved to Blount County, in the 
State of Alabama. When the tocsin of war sounded in the 
early sixties, he responded to his country's call to arms to 
defend her honor against an encroaching foe, enlisted in Com- 
pany D, 26th Alabama, which later became the 50th Alabama 
Regiment, and gave of his young manhood the services of a 
soldier. He was married in 1858 to Miss Louise Rainwater, 
and from this union sprang ten children, of whom six are 
still living. He was a member of Hill County Camp, No. 166. 
Dying at the age of eighty-one years and seven months, Com- 
rade McDonald was sixty years a Mason, sixty-five years a 
member of the Baptist Church, and forty-one years a deacon 
of his Church, and was always a Democrat. 

"Committee : John W. Morrison, Tarn Brooks, W. L. Mc- 
Kee." 

James F. G. Roach. 

James F. G. Roach, who departed this life on the 8th of 
November, 1916, at the home of his son in Paris, Tex., aged 
seventy-five years, served as a Confederate soldier in the gal- 
lant old 9th Texas Infantry, having enlisted in August, 1861. 
His colonels were S. B. Maxey (afterwards a general), Wil- 
liam H. Young, and Miles A. Dillard. He was a brave and 
faithful soldier, taking part in the battles of Nashville, Mur- 
freesboro, Chickamauga, Alatoona, Perryville, etc. He was 
wounded in the last charge at Spanish Fort and was unable 
to go home on account of wounds until July, 1865. He was a 
devout Christian and, enlisting under the banner of the Prince 
of Peace, served his country and his God faithfully and has 
gone to his reward. In his death the U. C. V. Camp of Paris 
has lost one of its most faithful and loyal comrades, the com- 
munity an honored citizen, and his family a devoted husband 
and father. 

"And when the last member has joined on high 
The grand old U. C. V.'s beyond the sky, 
Whose ranks are swelling day by day 
With earth's recruits who are passing away, 
Still undimmed will your deeds live on 
In loyal hearts when you are gone." 

[Memorial Committee: P. M. Speairs, Charles P. Matthews, 
and J. M. Long.] 



Col. D. M. Scott calls attention to an error in the sketch 
of Comrade R. D. Berry in the Veteran for December in 
the reference to Wilson's raid occurring in April, 1861, when 
it should have been 1865. This can truly be called a typo- 
graphical error. 



Qoi?federat^ l/eterai?. 



35 




Maj. Henry W. Richardson. 

Maj. Henry Warren Richardson, after having been in 
failing health for a year, died at his home, in Columbia, S. 
C, on January 4, 1916. He was taken back to his old home 
in Hampton County and interred in Black Swamp Cemetery, 
where sleep his ancestors. 

Major Richardson was born in Beaufort District August 
21, 1844, the son of Dr. Henry Warren Richardson and wife, 
who was Miss Mary Manor. He married Miss Sarah 
Aldrich, the gifted 
daughter of Hon. A. 
P. Aldrich, that noble 
patriot who resigned 
the judgeship rather 
than succumb to the 
threats of General 
Canby (the military 
ruler of South Caro- 
lina at that time), but 
was restored to office 
after Reconstruction. 
With two sons, Alfred 
Aldrich Richardson 
and Henry Warren 
Richardson, Jr., she 
survives him. 

When the War be- 
tween the States 
came. Henry W. 
Richardson was a lad MAJ „ w r IC hardS0H 

of fifteen, attending 

school in Culpeper, Va. He returned to South Carolina and 
J entereif Mount Zion Institute, Winnsboro, then a famous boys' 
school. In a short time, however, he cast aside his books and 
enlisted in the Confederate army, becoming a member of the 
Charleston Light Dragoons. Gen. M. C. Butler was his de- 
voted personal friend through life. In this branch he served 
gallantly until he was captured at Cold Harbor and carried 
to Point Lookout Prison. Managing to effect his escape 
after six months, he succeeded in working his way home to 
Allendale by way of Savannah and conducted his mother to 
Ninety-Si?? just in time to escape Sherman's army. As the 
result of the raid his home was burned. 

The war over, he was a successful planter in Barnwell 
County. A notable incident in his public and patriotic service 
was the selling by him of twenty bales of cotton in New York 
with which to purchase one hundred rifles for the members 
of the Richardson Light Dragoons, a military company or- 
ganized by him for the protection of the southwestern part of 
the State during the Reconstruction period. This company 
figured in the riots of Ellcnton and Stafford's Crossroads, 
at which latter place a number of prominent white citizens 
were rescued from a house which had been surrounded by 
negroes led by General Whipper. Major Richardson, head- 
ing a guard of six hundred men, escorted Gen. Wade Hamp- 
ton through the "low country" during the perilous campaign 
for Governor in 1876. 

Subsequently he was for four years collector of the port 
at Beaufort during President Cleveland's first administration 
and was for four years in the revenue department under Col. 
A. S. Towne during the second Cleveland administration. 

From the time of the organization of the State Confed- 
erate Infirmary in Columbia until a year before his death 
Major Richardson was the superintendent of the institution. 



John Maner Richardson, elder and only brother of Henry 
Warren Richardson, was a student at the South Carolina 
College when the War between the States began. In the fall 
of i860 the first company was formed, known as the College 
Cadets, and tendered their services to Governor Pickens in 
Charleston. They were accepted and returned to Columbia 
to await orders. Their ardent young natures rebelled against 
going back to books, so they disbanded and reorganized for 
active service ; but the same result met them. John M. Rich- 
ardson, after the second disbanding of the Cadets, joined the 
22d Regiment, commanded by Col. Olin Dantzler, and was 
with his beloved colonel when he was killed gallantly leading 
his regiment. Young Richardson rose to a captaincy and 
was "honorably mentioned for gallantry" in the battle of the 
Crater, where he was selected by Gen. William Mahone to 
lead a forlorn hope of a hundred volunteers to find out the 
workings of the enemy. He was buried in the mine at the 
ion of the Crater and was discovered only by his hand 
sticking out above the debris. He bore the scars of this 
awful experience to the end of his days. Captain Richardson 
was a reserved man and never told of his manly deeds. He 
was tall and distinguished-looking, literary in his tastes lie 
met death as he had lived, calmly and unafraid. 

Rev. J. W. Keeble 

Rev. Dr. J. W. Keeble, a beloved citizen of Abilene. Tex.. 
died at his home there on the 20th of November. 1916. after 
a lew days' illness. In his passing Abilene loses one of its 
most honored citizens. 

James Walter Keeble was born on Gwinn's Island, Mat- 
thews County, Va., May 31, 1835. His father was a sea cap- 
tain, and young Keeble was the first of his family to break 
away from following the sea. He was educated at the Vir- 
ginia Military Institute, at Lexington, Va. During his four 
years there he was under the instruction of Stonewall Jackson. 
While at the institute he joined the Protestant Episcopal 
Church. He graduated in 1857. after which he taught school 
for four years. When the War between the States broke out, 
he organized a company of his schoolboys and entered the 
service of the Confederacy as their captain. He served with 
distinction throughout the war, reaching the rank of major. 
\ few years after the war he began his studies for the Epis- 
copal ministry. He was ordained a deacon in Mobile, Ala., 
July 3, 1870, by Bishop Richard W. Wilmer and was ordained 
to the ministry in 1873 at Henderson, Ky.. by Bishop Cum- 
mins. During his long career as a minister he held prominent 
charges in fifteen different States. For several years he was 
pastor of All-Saints' Church, of Cleveland, Ohio, during which 
time he built one of the handsomest church buildings in that 
city. 

Dr. Keeble moved to Abilene in February, 1898, as pastor 
of the Church of the Heavenly Rest. He resigned and retired 
from active service in 1907 on account of his extreme feeble- 
ness. He was married in 1873 to Miss Lucy Robinson, of 
Essex County. Va. Five children were born to them. He is 
survived by his wife and three children, two sons and a daugh- 
ter. 

Dr. Keeble was a devoted and tender father and husband 
and was beloved by all classes of people wherever he lived. 
His broad culture, his tender sympathy with all humanity, and 
his charming personality won the hearts of all who came in 
touch with his life. 



36 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 

"Olniteo Daughters of tbe Confeberac^ 

Mrs. Cordelia Powell Odenheimer, President General 
Washington, D. C. 

Mks. R. E. Little, Wadeshnro, N. C Treasurer Genera 

Mrs. s. E. F.Rose, West Point, Miss Historian Geiiera 

Mks. J. Norment Powell, Johnson City, Tenn Registrar Genera 

Mrs. E. T. Sells, Columbus, Ohio Custodian of Crosse. 

Mrs. Frank Anthony Walke, Norfolk, Va.. Custodian Flags and Pennant 



Mrs. J. H. Stewart, Los Angeles, Cal First Vice President General 

Mrs. L. M. BaSHINSKY, Troy, Ala Second Vice President General 

Mrs. Lulc A. Lovell, Denver, Colo Third Vice President General 

Mrs.W. C. N. MERCHANT, Chatham, Va Recording Secretary General 

Mrs. Lutie Hailzy Walcott, Ardmore, Okla. Cor. Secretary General 



[I! 



"^ove 9J7a*as 9^/amory Stoma/" 



FROM THE PRESIDENT GENERAL. 

Dear Daughters: It is with the deepest appreciation of the 
cooperation of the general officers, the exceptional work 
achieved by the different committees, the generosity of the 
Confederate Veteran in the use of its pages, and the confi- 
dence reposed in me throughout the past year that I acknowl- 
edge the honor of reelection at your hands and enter upon 
the duties of another term. The work of the Dallas conven- 
tion, both in its unusual scope and the importance of its ac- 
complishments, speaks for itself, and I have full faith that 
the efforts of the society during the coming year will con- 
tinue to show marked progress. 

Wishing you, each one, a new year filled with blessings, 
faithfully yours, Cordelia Powell Odenheimer. 



REPORT ON TREASURER GENERAL'S OFFICE. 

[In closing her seven years' continuous service as Treasurer 
General U. D. C, Mrs. C. B. Tate submits this report, with 
request for publication, as the auditor's report was not made 
before adjournment of the Dallas convention.] 

Schoolar, Bird & Co., Corporation Audit Co., 

Dallas, Tex. 
Mrs. Frank G. Odenheimer, President General United 
Daughters of the Confederacy, Washington, D. C. — Dear 
Madam: In accordance with instructions received, we have 
examined and audited the accounts of the Treasurer General 
for the period beginning October 9, 1915, to October 19, 1916, 
when the accounts were closed. We have now completed this 
work and submit herewith the account of the Treasurer Gen- 
eral : 

Balance from previous year $ 4.997 86 

Total receipts from all sources 9,120 59 

Total receipts $14,118 45 

Less total disbursements 9,473 87 

Balance on hand $ 4,644 58 

Bank balance (Pulaski National Bank) . .$4,860 38 

Deduct unpresented checks 215 80 — $ 4,644 58 

We checked the per capita sheets with the cash receipt book 
and found same to be correct. All disbursements were sup- 
ported by proper evidence of payment and duly authorized 
by proper authority, as required by the by-laws. 

Only the cash received is recorded in the cash receipt book. 
We would recommend that a cash receipt and disbursement 
book be used, which would save a very considerable amount 



of time and labor, besides providing the means by which bet 
ter records may be kept. 

The balance standing to the credit of the Treasurer Genera 
at the Pulaski National Bank on October 19, 1916, was veri 
fied by correspondence. 

We suggest for your consideration the introduction o 
printed, numbered counterfoil receipt books to be used by th' 
various Chapters in collecting the per capita tax. These n 
ceipt books are to be kept and given out from a "central o: 
fice," which would keep a record of numbers of such counte 
foil receipt books sent to the various Chapter Treasurer: 
When the accounts are closed, these counterfoil receipt boo! 
are to be returned to the "central office." 

Respectfully submitted. Schoolar, Bird & Co 



THE TENNESSEE DIVISION. 



BY MISS MARGARET B0YLES, FAYETTEVILLE. 

To the Divisions, Chapters, and Individuals — Greetin 
Giles County Chapter, having as its President our form* 
State Historian, Mrs. Grace Newbill, has in hand an interes 
ing and important work, the placing of a tablet marking t 
place of the organization of the Ku-Klux Klan. The Kl 
was organized in the little brick law office of Judge Thorn 
M. Jones, who had been a member of the Confederate Co: 
gress, and one of the original six organizers was his so: 
Calvin E. Jones. Mrs. Newbill has been requested to pr 
pare a paper upon the origin of the Klan to be read befoij 
the Wade Hampton Chapter of Los Angeles, Cal. " 

The close of the half year has found much accomplished 
historical and educational work by the Kirby-Smith Chaptt 
of Sewanee. Public observance of special days has made 
marked impression upon the schools, while prizes have bee 
awarded in the schools for essays on Jefferson Davis. Mi 
John R. Eggleston, one of the Honorary Presidents Gener 
is present at each meeting. 

The Johnson City Chapter has been very successful in rai 
ing funds for its work by giving a benefit tea to which ii 
vitations were sent out. Instead of leaving cards at the doo. 
the guests leave a silver offering. The tea, given at the ho 
of Mrs. Walter J. Miller, was the sixth annual affair. 

The Louisa Bedford Chapter, of Collierville, has also j 
unique means of securing funds. It has a Chapter birthd; 
box, into which each member drops during her birth monj! 
one penny for each year of her age ; and since the amoii;^ 
may be put in very quietly, there is no "fudging." This Cha ( 
ter is taking exceptionally strong interest in the Confedera; 
Home. 

Fort Donelson Chapter, nf Dover, while not neglecting ai 
phase of the Division work, sends a splendid report of t] 
work done for its beloved Fort Donelson monument, to whi 



U 



on 



Qoi}federat^ l/eteraij. 



37 



since spring it has contributed $200.55 and has still some un- 
paid pledges. It has given also $25 to the Shiloh monument 
and has contributed liberally to the Confederate Home, Cun- 
ningham memorial, Beauregard monument, and other worthy 
objects. This Chapter has only thirty-two members. 

Musidora C. McCorry Chapter, of Jackson, has the honor 
of assisting in the support of a Red Cross nurse who devotes 
her entire time to the poor of Jackson. Two of its members 
will be represented in the "History of Tennessee Women," 
now in preparation by the Federation of Women's Clubs. 
These are : Mrs. Bell K. Allison, the organizer of Musidora 
jfc. McCorry Chapter, and Mrs. Harriet Holland, for many 
years its President and for two years Division President. A 
number of scholarships in the several Jackson schools arc 
being used to splendid advantage. An interesting yearbook 
has been prepared by the Chapter Historian, Mrs. J. C. Fel- 

ijsen, the programs centering upon "Southern Poets." 

The department editor has received a splendidly prepared 

(yearbook from the Gen. A. P. Stewart Chapter, of Chatta- 

wnooga, the work of Mrs. Martin Luther Blevins. 

j. Obituary notices are out of place in this department, but 

tone report has come from a moribund Chapter to the effect 
that it would soon be breathing its last. Both a physician's 

:sand an undertaker's certificate will be necessary, however, be- 

kifore this department will declare it dead. 



THE WASHINGTON DIVISION. 

11V MRS. W. L. TURNER, CORRESPONDING SECRETARY. 

Daughters of the Confederacy in the South, who meet by 
:he hundreds to hold their State conventions, will doubtless 
>e interested in an account of a State convention in the far 
Morthwest. 

There are but four Chapters in the State of Washington — 
wo on the coast, at Seattle and Tacoma. one at Wcnatchce. 
md one at Spokane. The convention met in Spokane on 
Wednesday, October 11, at the home of the President, Mrs. 
|. B. Maclin, at one o'clock. 

In this country of magnificent distances, where it is one 
tundred and fifty miles to the first Chapter and three hun- 
red to the next, the hostess Chapter, Mildred Lee. was proud 
Heed to meet and welcome Mrs. Paid Tilmont. delegate from 
)ixie Chapter, Tacoma. and also delegate by proxy from 
tobert E. Lee Chapter, Seattle, and Mrs. C. S. Mantell, Presi- 
ent of the Ella K. Trader Chapter, of Wenatchee. Then 
'as no lack of warmth in the address of welcome of Mrs. 
i. W. Darby, President of the hostess Chapter, because there 
ere only two delegates. 

The officers are elected to serve two years, so the business 
leeting was short. The reports read showed a year of good 
ork accomplished for the loved cause and gave the Daugh- 
rs renewed energy and enthusiasm for another year's work. 
pmetimes we who are so. far away, with no public sym- 
Ithy, no Camp of Veterans to lean upon for support, and 
Jportunitics so small for our work, wonder if it is really 
orth while; yet we try to think the great chain would be 
SS strong without this small link of ours. 
After three o'clock the hostess's beautiful home was thrown 
)cn to friends for a reception and tea. Many prominent 
™ dies and gentlemen called during the afternoon. Receiving 
ith the hostess were Mrs. G. W. Darby, Mrs. Paul Tilmont, 
rs. C. S. Mantell, and Judge J. Z. Moore and Mr. C. M. 
avis, two Confederate veterans. Tea was served with Mrs. 
1 ihn Mclnnis and Mrs. F. G. Sutherlin at the urns, assisted 



nl 



il 



by Mrs. E. W. Shively, Mrs. John T. Mitchell, Mrs. Elmer 
Edwards, and the lovely daughter of the hostess, Miss Ruth 
Maclin. The exquisite Cluny lunch cloth was over yellow, the 
centerpiece being a tall basket of yellow chrysanthemums, 
gorgeous specimens of their kind. In the living rooms and 
hall rich red geraniums and Virginia creeper were the deco- 
rations. With the beauty of the decorations, the soft-voiced 
Southern ladies, and the gallant gentlemen, it required but a 
little stretch of the imagination to think one's self back in 
Dixie Land. With the passing of the afternoon, the eighth 
annual convention of the Washington Division of the U. D. C. 
became a little bit of history and a pleasant memory. 



THE GEORGIA DIVISION. 

BY MISS MATTIE B. SHEIBLEY, ROME. 

The State convention in Dublin was a great success. The 
reports were highly gratifying, showing that Georgia is still 
1 leader in good work. 

Mrs. 11. M. Franklin, presiding for the first time since her 
election to the presidency, was gracious and most efficient, 
dispatching the work of the session with great skill. 

The reports of the officers were all encouraging. The Regis- 
trai S records show an increase in membership, the total 
being it, 3 15. with 117 Chapters. Two new Chapters were 
reported, adding a glow to the heart of the long-time workers. 

Great is Georgia when it comes to educational work. 
Through the free-scholarship fund two girls are being cdu- 
cated .it the State Normal School. There are sixty new 
scholarships for the year, making 324 scholarships, valued at 
$37,740. As reported by the Francis Bartow Memorial Com- 
mittee, there are eighty mountain children at Rabun Gap. The 
$10,000 tract of land (115 acres) located there yielded an in- 
'f $1,350 for the education of these children. 

The Recorder of Crosses reported that the Division had 
conferred 261 crosses. 

Miss Anna Caroline Benning was unanimously elected Hon- 
orary President. 

Mrs. Loula Kendall Rogers, mother of the President, was 
honored by being made poet laureate of the Division. 

A memorial library in Augusta will be the form of Geor- 
gia's memorial to James Ryder Randall, the author of "Mary- 
land. My Maryland." 

Columbus will be hostess to the Division in 1916. 



ALABAMA DIVISION. 

BY MRS. C. S. M'DOWELL, JR., EUFAULA. 

I lie part taken by Alabama in the recent convention of 
U D. C. held at Dallas. Tex., was a prominent one and very 
pleasing to the patriotic Daughters of Alabama. Mrs. Bibb 
Graves, President of the Alabama Division, was the Division's 
able representative. During the past year Alabama organized 
more new U. D. C. Chapters than any other State. 

The official medal adopted by the general organization was 
designed by Mrs. Camper, of Florence, Ala. Mrs. Graves, as 
Chairman of the Seals Committee, reported that the Kress stores 
throughout the South would sell seals, having purchased them 
from the committee for $1,250. This was a splendid idea, 
nl Mrs. Graves was given a rising vote of thanks, Mrs. 
Odenheimer, President General, calling her a "Wizard of 
Finance." 

Mrs. L. M. Bashinsky, of Troy, Ala., was reelected Second 
Vice President General. Her special work is the sale of 
U. D. C. badges, with which she has been most successful. 



38 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai}. 



DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA DIVISION. 
The Jefferson Davis Chapter. No. 1650, of Washington, 
D. C, was given its charter in October, 1916, with thirty-five 
members. At the time our honored President, Mrs. Harriet 
S. Turner, read to us the beautiful poem which she wrote 
sometime ago as a tribute to the splendid, patriotic, and 
matchless Christian character whose name we have chosen. 
The poem has been dedicated to our Chapter. These lines 
were written when it was proposed to put up an arch to the 
memory of President Davis in Richmond, Va. : 

"An arch of triumph for a man who died 

Pursued by calumny and bitter hate, 
Guiltless of treason when by foemen tried, 

Yet prisoner of State. 
Mock not his anguish with a boast in stone ; 

His faith and courage rose above despair; 
E'en charity herself can scarce condone 

The convict fetters he was forced to wear. 
But we Confederates may a statue raise 

Of marble white as his great soul was pure 
And on it carve these words of well-earned praise: 

'Behold ! we count them happy who endure.' " 

[Report from Mrs. G. B. Puller, Corresponding Secretary 
Jefferson Davis Chapter.] 

THE NEW YORK DIVISION. 

BY MRS. JESSE DREW BEALE, HISTORIAN. 

The New York Division met in convention at the Hotel 
Astor on October 12, with Mrs. James Henry Parker in the 
chair. Delegates and alternates from the three Chapters were 
present, while other members, with their friends and invited 
guests, .filled the room. The meeting was opened with the 
U. D. C. ritual, followed by the regular order of business, the 
officers giving reports. Mrs. Holmes, of the James Henry 
Parker Chapter, gave an interesting, splendid report. Mrs. 
Schuyler, First Vice President of the Mary Mildred Sullivan 
Chapter, read the Historian's report of that Chapter. The 
report of the New York Chapter was given verbally by its 
Historian. 

Special effort will be made to organize other Chapters in 
this Division before another annual meeting. There should 
be many Chapters in Greater New York. With 600,000 South- 
ern citizens, New York is the largest "Southern city" in the 
United States. 

A motto was adopted by the Division, "Hold up the glories 
of thy dead." The flower to be used by the Division is the 
red and white carnation — red for courage, white for truth. 

The first work taken up by this Division was to write to the 
daughters of Gen. Joseph Wheeler, asking that they send 
through the New York Division some relics of their .distin- 
guished father to place in the Richmond Confederate Museum. 

A special feature of this meeting was an address by Thomas 
E. Dixon. He was introduced by the Historian of the Di- 
vision, who said : "By that wonderful production, 'The Birth 
of a Nation,' this great man has done something for the 
South that our dear Southland can never repay. This play 
has done more to open the eyes of the North than anything 
that has ever been said or written. The whole country owes 
him a debt of gratitude. Some have said that we should not 
keep up the memory of those days ; only people without 
hearts can ignore the past. His play shows to the world why 
we look back with no regrets. Our hearts do go out to him 
with gratitude — yes, with love and real affection. We do owe 



him a debt for putting on this play, and I hope some day we 
will record it on a shaft reaching far up into the blue sky in 
memory of Mr. Dixon. I am proud and happy that he will 
speak to you to-day." 

Mr. Dixon's personality and deep feeling while delivering 
his address made it intensely interesting. 

Officers of the New York Division : President, Mrs. James 
H. Parker ; First Vice President, Mrs. Alfred Cockran ; Sec- 
ond Vice President, Mrs. LeRoy Brown ; Third Vice Presi- 
dent, Mrs. Charles Goldsborough ; Recording Secretary, Mrs. 
S. F. Catchings ; Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Henry Mc- 
Corkle ; Treasurer, Mrs. F. G. Burke ; Registrar, Mrs. James 
H. Dew ; Historian, Mrs. Jesse Drew Beale. 

The next meeting of the New York Division will be at the 
Hotel Astor on the first Monday in October, 1917. 



THE ILLINOIS DIVISION. 

REPORT MADE BY MRS. ELOISE TYLER JACOBS, HISTORIAN, TO THE 
GENERAL CONVENTION AT DALLAS, TEX., NOVEMBER, 1916. 

In making a review of the work of the Historian of the 
Illinois Division, the thought uppermost in my mind is the 
message sent out in Miss Rutherford's open letter to State and 
Chapter Historians early in the year : "Remember, if the histori- 
cal work of your State is not a success, you are to blame." 

As my predecessor put it, "There is a gold mine for you 
in the history of Commodore Joseph Edward Montgomery 
alone," a man who lived and died among Chicagoans and wa: 
only slightly known to the general public. The Commodore's 
life was replete with history-making events and, except foi 
his modesty, might now have a place with the records of oui 
libraries. I am most interested in getting this record to Mis; 
Rutherford for her volume on the navy, and it is with pleas- 
ure that I present a copy of the same for our records. 

Copies of "Historical Sins of Omission and Commission' 
have been freely distributed, not only among Daughters ant 
sympathizers, but to persons whose views on the War be 
tween the States differ from our own. 

I have to report for our three Chicago Chapters a his 
torical program at regular intervals during the year. There i 
no report from Sam Davis Chapter at Alton, 111. I hope t( 
create an exchange of interesting data for our next year' 
programs. 

THE COLORADO DIVISION. 

BY MRS. W. T. DUNCAN, DENVER, COLO. 

The Colorado Division held its fourth annual conventio; 
on October 3 in the assembly room of the Shirley Hotel, a 
Denver. The Robert E. Lee Chapter, acting as hostess, enter 
tained the members of the convention and their friends a 
Monday evening with a historical program, music, and re 
freshments. 

On Tuesday morning the convention was called to order b 
Mrs. Lela Wade Lewis, of the Margaret Davis Hayes Char, 
a welcome to all. W. W. Grant, Jr., greeted the conventio 
in behalf of the Confederate Veterans and Sons of Veteran: 
Mrs. Lela Wade Lewis, of the Margaret Davis Hays Chai 
ter, responded in a very charming manner. Mrs. Lulu Lovel 
President of the Division, then took the chair. The forenoo 
was devoted to regular business. At 12 :30, when we were it 
vited to the dining room, we realized that there was more t 
the convention than business. The tables were handsome! 
decorated with baskets filled with autumn leaves and real co 
ton on the stalk (from the South). During the serving of 



Qopfederat^ l/eteraij. 



39 



delicious Southern luncheon toasts to those for whom the 
Chapters in the State are named were responded to by repre- 
sentatives of the various Chapters. After luncheon the busi- 
ness session was continued. A very impressive memorial 
service was held. Mrs. Temple, of the Robert E. Lee Chap- 
ter, called the roll of our departed veterans and Chapter mem- 
bers during the year, and as she named them Mrs. Raynor, of 
the Nathan B. Forrest Chapter of Pueblo, responded by plac- 
ing a red and a white rose in a vase to the memory of each. 
The flowers were afterwards sent to a sick U. D. C. in the 
hospital here from Oklahoma. 

The election of officers resulted as follows : President, Mrs. 
Lela Wade Lewis, Denver ; First Vice President, Mrs. VV. O. 
Temple, Denver ; Second Vice President, Mrs. Raynor, Pueblo ; 
Recording Secretary, Miss Clayton ; Corresponding Secretary. 
Mrs. H. T. Finnell ; Treasurer, Mrs. C. Harris ; Registrar, 
Mrs. A. M. Klasing; Historian. Mrs. R. M. Bowden ; Cus- 
todian of Crosses, Miss Hays; Custodian of Flags. Mrs. J. M. 
McClelland; Official Parliamentarian, Mrs. Lulu Lovell. 

While we regret giving up Mrs. Lovell as State President. 
we believe a wise selection was made in Mrs. Lewis as her 
successor, and with the able corps of ladies she has to assist 
her our work should grow. 



THE MISSOURI DIVISION. 

BY MRS. CHARLES P. HOUGH, JEFFERSON CITY. 

In October the nineteenth annual convention of the Mis- 
souri Division was royally entertained by the Hannibal Chap- 
ter, of Hannibal. This ambitious Chapter, only a little more 
than a year old. boasts a membership of one hundred and 







twelve, having gained fifty new members in a year, thereby 
winning the prize, a beautiful State flag, offered by the Presi- 
dent of the Division to the Chapter reporting the greatest in— 
crease in membership in that time. 

Reports from officers and Chapters were most encouraging 
and showed a growing interest in all U. D. C. work and that 
Missouri had been generous in contributions to the various- 
monuments and charities of the organization. There are now 
forty Chapters, with a membership of twenty-five hundred. 

I he convention created the office of State Organizer, so- 
next year we hope to report many new Chapters. 

Each year the Missouri Division offers a jeweled insignia 1 
of the U. D. C. for the best essay on a certain subject. This- 
year it was awarded to Mrs. Allen Porter, President of the 
Stonewall Jackson Chapter. Kansas City. The subject of her 
essay was. "The Literature. Art, and Science of the South." 

An interesting and pleasing feature of the program was a 
drill given by the Mary Major Children's Chapter, of Hanni- 
bal, the children being dressed in white with red sashes. The 
increased interest in the work as shown by the educational 
report caused a thrill of pride in every heart. This work is 
nnly about four years old and has had many setbacks. The 
Division and Chapters now support eleven scholarships. 

\ unique, interesting, and instructive hour was enjoyed 
when Mrs Anna Brosius Korr, President of another Chapter 
just a little more than a year old, the Wade Hampton, of 
Trenton, gave an illustrated lecture on "The History and 
Progress of Missouri Since the War between the States." 

The ladies of the Hannibal Chapter provided delightful 
entertainment for this busy delegation, and the reception, 
luncheons, and automobile rides afforded pleasure that will 
linger long in the memories of a happy, enthusiastic band of 
delegates. 

OFFICIAL EDITOR U. D. C. DEPARTMENT. 
The President General has appointed Mrs A. A. Campbell, 
nf Wytheville, Va.. as Official Editor of this department. Mrs. 
Campbell needs no introduction to the members of the or- 
ganization, for she has been prominent in the U. D. C. work 
and is well known for her ability in many ways. Division 
Editors will send their notes to her for revision and trans- 
mission to the office of the Veteran. 

Another recent appointment is that of Mrs. John P. Hick- 
man, of Nashville, Tenn., on the Committee for Indorsement 
of Books. The many friends of Mrs. Hickman throughout 
the organization will regret to learn of her continued illness. 



MRS. MARY MAJOR CONLON, 

President Hannibal Chapter, No. 1588, U. D. C. Organized 

In June. 11)15. with 23 members; present 

membership, 112. 



ERRORS IX CONVENTION REPORT. 
Attention has been called to several errors in the report of 
the Dallas convention as given in the Veteran for December, 
these errors occurring through using the newspaper report on 
some matters coming before the convention, thus supplement- 
ing what was reported by Mrs. Williams. First, as to the 
Jefferson Davis Memorial when presented by General Young 
to the convention, outside of the contributions of Mrs 
Latham, of Tennessee, and Mrs. Thrash, of North Carolina, 
no amount was pledged either individually or by the conven- 
tion. A resolution was passed to raise an amount for that 
purpose, it being understood as several thousand dollars ; 
also a resolution was introduced to provide one hundred dol- 
lars per month for Mrs. Ella K. Trader, but it was not acted 
upon. However, contributions in cash and pledges to the 
amount of several hundred dollars were given, and $50 was 
sent to Mrs. Trader at once. 



40 



^oi}federat<? l/eterap. 



iitstmiral Sfjmrtmntt 31. S. (£. 



Motto: "Loyalty to the truth of Confederate history." 
Key word: "Preparedness." Flower: The Rose. 

To the United Daughters of the Confederacy— My Dear 
Fellow Members: Wishing each of you a joyous new year, 
and again expressing my deep appreciation of the high honor 
you conferred upon me at the Dallas convention by unani- 
mously electing me your Historian General, I herewith sub- 
mit the January programs taken from the Historical Yearbook 
for 1917. This Yearbook is now in the hands of the printer 
and should be ready to send to Chapters soon. 

I conferred with all the members of the Historical Com- 
mittee, and the historical work as outlined in the monthly 
programs is the result of this conference. The historical field 
is so large that it seemed best to the committee to confine the 
study for the year to some definite period and master that 
thoroughly ; and as the U. D. C. represent the War-between- 
the-States era, it was decided by your Historical Committee 
to have the programs cover the period from 1861 to 1865, in- 
clusive, giving the principal events in chronological order, 
with a closing program on Reconstruction. In order to dis- 
cuss intelligently the issues and incidents of that period, it is 
necessary for us to study carefully Southern history from 
1861 to 1865. You will find events arranged in chronological 
order, following also the secession of the Southern States. 
It is, therefore, a chain of events, and you should follow them 
closely so as not to miss a single link. 

Your attention is especially called to the round-table dis- 
cussions ; they are most important and beneficial as well. I 
have found this feature quite helpful in historical work. It 
gives confidence to speak in public by discussing these sub- 
jects in Chapter meetings. The various historical contests 
should claim your interest and cooperation. The trophies are 
well worth striving for, so let every Division try to be a win- 
ner. A list of reference books is given in the Yearbook, and 
from these all information can be secured for preparation of 
programs. 

Encourage the children's work in every way and try to get 
ihe auxiliaries to use programs prepared for the Children of 
the Confederacy. Your Historian realizes the great value of 
interesting the children in the study of Southern history. 
Other contests are being arranged, for which rules will be 
announced later — contests for personal reminiscences of Con- 
federate veterans and women of the Confederacy, also his- 
torical test questions. Let me beg of you to put your heart 
in the historical work this year and help to make this a 
"red-letter" year in advancing the knowledge of Confederate 
history. In pledging you my best efforts, will you not join 
hands in giving active service and cooperation? 

Cordially yours, Mrs. S. E. F. Rose, 

Historian General U. D. C. 



References for January programs : 

"Confederate Military History," Volume XII., pages 199, 
200. 

"The South in the Building of the Nation," Volume II., 
page 409. 

"Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government," Volume 
L, pages 221-226. 

Address, "Wrongs of History Righted," pages 13-16. 



U. D. C. PROGRAM FOR JANUARY, 1017. 

January 19, anniversary memorial services — Lee and Jack- 
son. 

South Carolina seceded December 20, i860 — leader of se- 
cession movement. Tell of her secession convention, ordi- 
nance, and address to her sister States. ("Confederate Mili- 
tary History," Volume II., pages 73-79.) 

Events of 1861 : Expedition of the Star of the West, January 
9. Mississippi seceded January 9. Tell of the "flag with a 
single star" presented at her secession convention which sug- 
gested the famous war song, "The Bonnie Blue Flag." 

Jefferson Davis, United States Senator from Mississippi. 
Read his farewell address to the Senate. 

Peace convention, 1861. 

Round-table discussion : "Was the Star-of-the-West Epi- 
sode a Prior Act of War?" What was the attitude of the 
South toward slavery? 

Greetings to the Children of the Confederacy: The His- 
torian General extends most loving greetings to the Children 
of the Confederacy everywhere, with assurances of her heart- 
felt interest in you and desire to aid you in the study of 
Southern history. Having been requested to prepare pro- 
grams for you, it is my pleasure to comply, and I hope to 
make them so interesting that you will love the historical 
work. The programs will cover the same period as the U. 
D. C, from 1861 to 1865, but consisting of questions instead 
of topics. 

In studying history we should learn it by four words, be- 
ginning with "W," when, where, who, why. We cannot 
know history well until we know it by these words. Few 
people know history well ; perhaps they had not thought of it 
in this way. Now, if you will begin your history study by 
this plan, you will soon learn it. If you will follow closely the 
set of questions the Historian General has prepared for you, 
you will not only know more than thousands of grown people, 
but you can correct the errors made in a great many histories. 
Will you not try to follow this plan of historical study for 
1917? 



C. OF C. PROGRAM FOR JANUARY, 1917. 

1. When was the War between the States? How long did 
it last? 

2. Where did that war take place? 

3. Who fought in that war? 

4. Why was there a war? 

5. What States were the first to secede, and when? 

6. Why did these States secede? (Pages 273-279.) 

7. Had the people of the Northern States ever threatened 
to secede? (Pages 184, 199, 276.) 

8. Were any of the Southern States opposed to secession? 

9. How many States had seceded by February 1, 1S61 ? 

10. Tell what you know about the Star of the West. 
"Grandfather's Stories." 

Music, "Dixie" (all standing). 

(Answers to above questions ma.y be found in "Grammai 
School History," Chapter XII., by Matthew Page Andrews.) 



Qoi}federat^ l/eteraij. 



4' 



Confederated) Southern /Iftemorial association 



Mrs. W.J. IIehin President 

New Orleans, La. 

Mrs. John E. Maxwell Treasurer 

Seale, Ala. 

Miss Daisy M. L. Hodosom Recording Secretary 

7909 Sycamore Street, New Orleans, La. 

Miss Mary A. Hall Historian 

1 105 H Broad Street, Augusta, Ga. 

Mrs. J. Enders Robinson Corresponding Secretary 

113 Third Street South, Richmond, Va. 

Mrs. Virginia Frazer Boyle Poet Laureate 

1045 Union Avenue, Memphis, Tenn. 

Next Convention to be held in Washington, D. C. 




VICE PRESIDENTS 

Alabama — Montgomery Mrs. R. P. Dexter 

Arkansas — Fayetteville Mrs. J. Garside Welch 

Florida— Pensacola Mrs. Horace L. Simpson 

Geokoia— Atlanta Mrs. A. McD. Wilson 

Louisiana — New Orleans Mrs. James Dinkins 

Mississippi — Vicksburg Mrs. E. C. Carroll 

Missouri— St. Louis Mrs. G. K. Warner 

North Carolina — Raleigh Mrs. Robert H. Jones 

South Carolina — Charleston Mrs. S. Cary Beck with 

Tfnvfssee — Memphis Mrs. Charles W. Fraze* 

Virginia — Front Royal Mrs. S. M. Davis-Roy 



11 



CONFEDERATED SOUTHERN MEMORIAL 

ASSOCIATIOX 

Pear Memorial Women: Old Father Time has ii"t stopped 
tin wheel, but it has turned and closed upon the year 1016, 
with all its joys and sorrows. These Memorial Associations 
have been tried and not found wanting. May the new year 
be to them the open sesame of peace, happiness, and pros- 
perity ! 

The Memorial women stand out in bold relief as historic 
characters during the years 1861-65. The privations and triak 
suffered by them during the War between the States were 
manifold, and the fortitude with which they endured the si 
hardships has endeared them to the Southern people. The 
organization of Memorial women of this day dates hack to 
the early Sixties, when their efforts were directed toward the 
relief of wounded soldiers, as represented by their hospital 
work. To-day we read that prominent women of Europe 
have given their homes and palaces for use as hospitals Let 
us turn hack a few years, and we find here in our own country 
that the same patriotism, the same spirit of humanity moved 
the women of the Smith. Where can we find a more glorious 
record of true Christianity and patriotism than that of Capt. 
Sally Tompkins, of Richmond, Va.? After the battle of Manas 
sas, when our wounded were being brought to Richmond, she 
was among the first to organize a hospital, which was kept 
open from that time until June 10, 1865, and many hundred 
soldiers were returned to the field by her. ready to fight or 
die for their country. Capt. Sally Tompkins was duly com- 
missioned by the Confederate government. Her death oc- 
curred in Richmond July 26, 1916, .it the advanced age of 
eighty-three years. We claim her as one of the many heroines 
to be found in the ranks of the Memorial women. All honor 
and glory to her memory, and may it prove an inspiration to 
the younger generation to follow her example! Let our 
watchword ever be "Eternal Remembram 1 

The past year was one of rejoicing for twenty Associations; 
it was indeed a golden year. The Memorial women of Mont- 
gomery. Ala.: Gainesville and Si. Augustine, Fla.; \thcns. 
Atlanta. Columbus, and Madison. Ga ; New Orleans, La.; 
Vicksburg. Miss.; Raleigh, N. C. ; Charleston. S. C. ; Freder- 
icksburg. Petersburg, and Portsmouth. Va. ; Oakwood Me 
■Orial, llollvw 1 Memorial, and Hebrew Memorial, of Rich- 
mond. Va. ; Spoftsylvania C. H. and Winchester. Ya., were 
the happy celebrants of the golden anniversary. Through 
fifty years we find these women at their post of duty, and the 
ties that bind us are growing stronger day by day. Through 
the State Vice Presidents the Memorial Associations are con- 
ducting a vigorous campaign to secure from Congress the 



return of the cotton tax which was illegally collected from 

[863 to 1868. The bill introduced by Hon John V Tillman, 

known as House Hill No. 478. is the most direct and earnest 
appeal that has been made for this purpose, and our women 
as individuals and through their Associations are urged to 
write to their representatives in Congress requesting their 
favorabh support of the Tillman bill. 

Another field of activitv in which the Memorial women 
have launched their efforts is to complete .1 fund for a testi- 
monial to he placed in the Red Cross Memorial Ruilding. 
Washington. D. C. as a tribute to the 'Memorial women, the 
"Women of the Confederacy," who have passed 10 the great 
beyond. Mrs. J. Fnders Robinson is chairman of this special 
committee and will he pleased to acknowledge contributions. 

We should deem it a privilege to contribute to tins testi- 
monial, and it will be more appreciated if we acl cheerfully, 
generously, and promptly. 

The next convention will be held in Washington. D. G, 
M ly .'8. 1917. For the first time since our organization we 
will have the honor of meeting in the nation's capital We 
of the South have had a great part in readjusting affairs 
since the close of the War between the States The South 
lias developed her industries, and prospcritv lias Messed our 
people, whose efforts have been directed to a reunited coun- 
try, which stands to-day as one of the greatest nations of the 
".ill. I el us rally to the next convention call and be pres 
cut in large numbers. Let us stand together in a strong 
-1 1.1 hood of loyal women, devoted to the memories of our 

beloved Southland. 

With best wishes tor the success "i all your endeavors, he 

lieve me. yours faithfully, Mks. W J. Bkhan, 

/'resident General C. S. M. .1 



I he widow's tears shall cease , the mother's smile 

Shall be the nimbus of the blue and gray; 
The chieftain on his shield, the dead unknown. 
When comes the reveille. 

The silent blood thai stained the bearded grain 
Shall cry from where its golden billows play, 
\nd spears shall shake the valley of dry bones. 
When comes the reveille. 

The mourning wreath of cyprt s- leaves shall die, 

And truth will crown the right with hallowed bay, 
\nd tune will hurl the darkened glass aside. 
When comes the reveille. 

— Virginia Fraser Boyle. 



42 



(^oi}federat^ l/eterap. 



A GENTLEMAN AND A PATRIOT. 

That he loved his country and his fellow man was fully 
exemplified in the life of Maj. Charles Drake McGuffey, whose 
recent death has removed one of the noted figures of Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn. Though not of the South, this section had been 
his home for many years, and in the city of his adoption he 
was known as "a good citizen and a gentleman in the full 
acceptation of the word." 

That he was a patriot was shown by his abiding love for 
his country. Worshiping valor and heroism in others, the 
secret regret of his life was that he was "no soldier." He 
did volunteer as a youth for the Union (he was born in 
Ohio) ; but because he was frail and delicate, his parents 
would not allow him to enlist. Only a short while ago he 
spent a part of the small sum set aside for his burial fund to 
buy "portions" of Scripture and small. American flags to send 
to a young friend in France who, he thought, might come 
across some other American boy over there among the 
wounded, and "I would like for him to have a Bible and a 
flag before he dies," he said. 

Major McGuffey came South after the war (his title came 
from his State militia) and made his home. In Chattanooga 
he endeared himself by his courage and fidelity during the 
yellow fever scourge and later by his incessant work for legis- 
lation incident to charity and welfare work. He always spent 
more on others than on himself. He was mainly responsi- 
ble for the organization of the Associated Charities there, the 
first effective system of relief work instituted south of the 
Ohio. Though of the "other side," his friends were many 
among the Confederate element of Chattanooga, who honored 
him and took him into their fellowship. It was his pleasure 
on each recurring Memorial Day to stand in the church vesti- 
bule and salute each old soldier of Forrest Camp as he passed. 
By his wish, his funeral was conducted by Rev. Dr. Bach- 
man, Chaplain General U. C. V., assisted by Dr. Charles R. 
Hyde, both his devoted friends, who paid tribute to his rare 
virtues and told of his last days of courage and faith, bv 
which he went into the dim valley content and unafraid. His 
body was taken to Knoxville and there interred by the side 
of his wife. 

Major McGuffey was a nephew of Prof. William McGuffey, 
of the University of Virginia, who compiled McGuffey's 
Readers, so largely used in our schools at a certain period, 
and had himself written a history of the McGuffey family. 
He was a great reader and kept up with the times. Dreamer, 
philosopher, and philanthropist, "he served his time as best 
he could and left a name and character without stain or 
flaw." 



other commands. If you can find somebody who will give an 
explanation of that battle, it will be appreciated. I was cap- 
tain of Company H. 13th Virginia Infantry, Gen. A. P. Hill's 
old regiment." 



Where Pegram Was Killed. — Capt. S. D. Buck writes from 
Baltimore, Md. : "I read the Veteran with great pleasure — 
indeed, with greater pleasure each and every time it comes — 
and always find something new; but the one special thing I 
should like is to find somebody who can explain the battle 
of Hatcher's Run, in which battle my esteemed friend and 
splendid man Gen. John Pegram was killed. I was com- 
mander in the skirmish line and received the last order he 
issued, which was to conform to his movement. He was on 
my right and was going to charge. I got ready to move for- 
ward, when his division arose, as I thought, ready for the 
charge and immediately broke, fell back, and Pegram was 
killed. I had great difficulty in protecting my front in falling 
back, as we were in a tangled brier field and away from all 



THE HENDERSON SCOUTS. 

The Henderson Scouts was the only company of its kind on 
either side during the War between the States. It was or- 
ganized by Capt. Thomas Henderson, of New Orleans, La., 
who obtained permission from the War Department at Rich- 
mond, Va., to make up this command to undertake danger- 
ous trips as scouting parties. One hundred brave men were 
selected to work independently of any regiment, but to be 
ready to go at a moment's notice when anything demanded 
attention. These men were under control of the general 
commanding the department ; but instead of receiving rations 
and forage, as the rest of the army did, they drew from the 
government commutation — money. This was because of the 
fact that they were nearly always in front of the army and 
out from camp on scout duty. 

Joseph Dent Clark was one of the boys who joined this 
command. He enlisted in October, 1863, and was paroled at 
Gainesville, Ga., in 1865. He served under Major Alexander. 
Some of the othep boys were : T. A. Prather, Charlie Bacon, 
Lee Bransford, Jimmie McConnell, Pern Bull, and Jack New- 
ton. Mr. J. A. Clark, of the American Business College, of 
Pueblo, Colo., is a son of Joseph D. Clark and is the proud 
possessor of the Confederate cross of honor awarded on his 
father's record by the Daughters of the Confederacy of Hick- 
man, Ky. He is very anxious to get in communication with 
any survivors of this famous command. 




JOSEPH DENT CLARK. 



k 






Qopfederat^ l/eterap. 



43 



A GOLDEN ANNIVERSARY IN TEXAS. 

When J. F. Smith and Miss R. C. Wingo were married on 
September 27, 1866, they went on to Texas to make their home 
in that big State. They stopped first on Blossom 
Prairie, in Lamar County, for two years, then 
went on to Red River County for another two 
years, locating permanently in Hopkins County 
in 1870. He is now President of the Como Mer- 
cantile Company, Inc., with which he has been 
connected for thirty-six years. He is also inter- 
ested in the lignite mines there and has taken the 
lead in their development. 

Mr. and Mrs. Smith were born, reared, and 
married near Jacksonville, Ala., and the first year 
of his service as a Confederate soldier was with 
the 7th Alabama Infantry, in Capt. Bob Draper's 
company; was afterwards with the 58th Alabama 
Infantry, in the company of Capt. S. D. McClel- 
land ; was captured at Missionary Ridge and kept 
in prison at Rock Island for sixteen months. He 
would like to hear from any of his old comrades 
now living. 

This happy couple celebrated their golden wed- 
ding anniversary on September 27, 1916. They 
have nine children living — five boys and four 
girls — thirty-five grandchildren, and one great- 
grandchild. On January 20, 1917, Mr. Smith will 
have rounded out seventy-four years. Mrs. Smith 
was seventy-one years old on October 27, 1916. 



erate veterans and their sons, wives, and daughters have 
never seen a copy of it or even know of iis existence. 

"I was somewhat forcibly reminded of this while conversing 




WHAT OUR PATRONS THINK. 

Not only should Confederate veterans and their descendants 
sustain the Confederate Veteran monthly, but the entire 
South, of whatever political complexion. The November 
number, just out, contains an article which should make every 
Southerner feel proud — "The Influence of the South in the 
Formation of Our Government." It will open the eyes of any 
who have complacently let it be dinned into them that this 
section has been a laggard in the things that make a country 
(great and glorious. Aside from this, the magazine is always 
one of the most interesting journals published in America. — 
Will T. Hale, in Nashville Tcnncsscan. 

J. W. Minnich writes from Grand Isle, La., September 19, 
J1916: 

"Thirteen years ago I became acquainted with the Veteran 

ind its lamented founder, Sumner A. Cunningham, during the 

Reunion of 1903 in New Orleans. Beginning with that June 

lumber, 1 have not missed a number since, and I am good 

or three years more, whether I live them or not. Barring 

>ne number (loaned out and never returned - ), I have every 

me now in seven roughly-put-together volumes, that none may 

to astray. They are the most valued of my very great pos- 

essions and would be about the last I would part with. When 

ny Veteran comes, it takes precedence. 'Politicks,' county 

r State and national, and even the 'unpleasantness' in Europe, 

Vsia, and Africa must sit back and wait until I have had a 

eep between the covers of my old Veteran friend. And very 

ften I reread it through. It is a most comprehensive and 

istritctivc history. I cannot imagine any one interested in 

lonfederate affairs and history not subscribing for it, and 

et there are many. I dare say a large majority of Confed- 



MR. AND MRS. 1. F. SMITH. 

with sons of Confederates at various times during past years, 
and notably during the Birmingham Reunion last May and 
during this summer, when I met three sons and grandsons of 
Confederates of good repute and standing, none of whom had 
ever seen a copy of the Veteran until I showed them mine ; 
nor had their sires, so far as they knew. A great many are 
utterly indifferent, yet they will argue about this or that event 
in which they in no wise participated and of which they could 
have no knowledge except by hearsay. 

"The Veteran is the medium by and through which the 
true history of events of the sixties can be had from their 
recital by participants. Sometimes the memory of one nar- 
rator is more or less affected by the lapse of time, and mis- 
statements creep in which are soon detected by some other 
participant, and there comes a correction backed up by evi- 
dence unassailable. In this way we get the truth, and that 
is the mission of the Veteran. Thus the historian or mere 
reader of the future, perusing the pages of the Veteran, will 
have no trouble in separating the 'wheat from the chaff' with 
greater facility than when one tackles the half million or 
more recorded official reports, contradicting and confusing as 
they are. 

"The August number is one of the most interesting of the 
series. General Harrison's account of the 'Battle of Olustee' 
is most vivid and, coming from such a source, must be ac- 
cepted as authentic history. Many among us never heard of 
the battle of Olustee and if asked, 'Where is Olustee?' would. 
if not wishing to appear too ignorant, answer: in the Sand- 
wich Islands.' Some would frankly say, i don't know.' while 
others who do know where Olustee is and know that a fight 
occurred there, the large, very large, majority of us 
knew its reason, the number of troops engaged, the losses; 
nor were we aware of the motif or of the far-reaching effect 
of the Federal defeat. General Harrison makes this clear. 
So we know why Olustee was fought and its consequences. 
Do any of the. many histories written on our war tell us why 



44 



Qoijfederat^ l/efceran. 



Oluslee was fought? Doubtful. And then 'Memorial Day at 
Camp Chase, Ohio.' Here again more history comes to light ; 
and some ugly truths, supported by documentary evidence, are 
revealed. And again 'Campaigns of Lee and Sherman.' While 
this is but a recital of things we have long known, facts we 
have gloried in and can point to with honest pride, there are 
other facts given which we can contemplate in sadness only 
and with a sense of shame that our country could have pro- 
duced such men. Yet it is but the truth. They made of war 
a hell in deed and act. These three contributions alone are 
worth far more than a year's subscription to the best military 
magazine in the United States. So I for one cannot under- 
stand why so many of us are so wholly indifferent. As a 
loyal Confederate I cannot-but recognize the value of its work 
for the cause and the truth in history, and I know of others 
who would not do without the Veteran because of its his- 
torical value. No other publication known has so great a 
value to Confederates or students of Confederate history. 
There are to be found on its pages an inexhaustible fund of 
information not to be had in any of the general histories, 
great or small. May it live long and flourish ! 

In renewing his subscription Capt. George M. Penn, o' 
Ponchatoula, La., writes : "I have taken the Veteran so long 
that I would feel at a loss without it. It brings back to me 
many incidents of the war in which I took part from June 
2, 1861, to March, 1865, when I was severely wounded in the 
battle of Fort Steadman, Va„ opposite Petersburg. My com- 
pany left the breastworks on April 2 with five men — William 
Barnett, William H. Jenkins, Joe Berryhill, Jack A. Tucker, 
and George M. Penn. Only three of us made the trip to 
Appomattox C. H., were paroled April 10, and shook the hand 
of our great and beloved commander, Gen. R. E. Lee, for the 
last time. Tucker was killed April 5, and Ber-ryhill was re- 
ported missing. I have my parole and a piece of our old 
regimental flag. My regiment took part in all the hard-fo' 
battles of Lee and Jackson, Ewell, Early, and Gordon, and 
never lost a flag. I am proud that I fought under Lee and 
his generals in the Army of Northern Virginia." 

D. A. McLane, Cameron, Tex. : "It seems to me that the 
Confederate soldier who is not a reader of the Veteran is 
cheating himself out of a great pleasure. The Veteran is 
always a welcome visitor to my home, and to me it seems to be' 
getting better all the while. The May number is of exceed- 
ing interest — the write-up of Selma, Cahaba, and Dallas 
County, Ala., and the mention of so many names that I was 
familiar with when a schoolboy in Alabama. But more in- 
teresting still are the sketch and picture of John Purifoy. I 
have not seen him for more than half a century, but the pic- 
ture is a good one of him as a boy. His brother James was 
a member of my company and was killed on July 22, 1864, 
above Atlanta. No better or braver boy ever wore the gray 
than Jimmie Purifoy. I wish to say that the May Veteran 
alone is worth the price of a whole year's subscription." 

Capt. W. H. Northrop, Wilmington, N. C. : "I enjoy each 
copy and look forward to it each month. One regret I have, 
that the Sons of Veterans do not take greater interest and 
become ready to fill the places of their fathers as they pass 
to the great beyond." 

Mrs. George W. Sulser, Maysville, Ky. : "I wish I were 
able to place this grand, indispensable magazine in the home 
of every man and woman of the South who is true to our 
blessed cause." 

E. H. Strait, Ottawa, 111. : "The Veteran is good reading, 
and I think it is growing better each month. I like to read 



it, for I was one of the boys in blue, or Yanks, and it's good 
to read what the Johnnies fought about, the little ball players. 
I caught five on the fly and have the marks and one of the 
balls yet, and that is not bad for forty-one months' service." 

Dr. Virginius Harrison, Richmond, Va. : "Every son of a 
Confederate veteran should subscribe to this magazine, as it 
gives valuable information concerning all Confederate organ- 
izations." 

George H. Miller. Dukes, Fla. : "I welcome the Veteran 
as I do no other publication. The South is greatly indebted 
to your great magazine, and she is still very greatly in need 
of it. Mark me as a lifelong subscriber." 

J. L. Bartlett, Bridgeport, Tex. : "I enjoy the Veteran very 
much. It keeps alive the valor and heroism of our beloved 
South." 

Mrs. Elizabeth R. George, of Lovettsville, Va., writes : "To 
me each copy seems more interesting. I enjoy its pages more 
than I can express, and I hope it will increase in numbers 
this year. * * * I should indeed like to see it in every 
home." 

C. M. Bishop, Shanghai, W. Va. : "I enjoy it too much to 
let it stop." 

R. N. Brown, Lytle. Tex. : "The most true history of the 
war that has ever been written. Can't see how any old vet 
eran can live without it." 

Mrs. F. A. Chase, Los Angeles, Cal. : "The Veteran has 
come regularly to our home for a long time. We consider it 
the best magazine we get." 

Mrs. J. W. Heatfield, Montevallo, Ala. : "I enjoy reading 
the Veteran and really can't get along without it." 

T. H. C. Lowndesboro, Woodland Mills, Tenn. : "The Jan- 
uary number is worth the whole year's subscription." 

Mrs. A. W. Ollar, of Dixie Chapter, U. D. C, Tacoma, 
Wash., writes : "Our members are reading the Veteran more. 
Having Miss Rutherford's history questions has helped won- 
derfully to make them take more interest. We devote an 
hour and a half to history lesson at every Chapter meeting. 

R. S. Thomas, Plantersville. Miss. : "Some who are now 
taking the Veteran say that their only objection is the los 
of sleep in sitting up late at night to. read it. I think I havi 
been a continuous subscriber for over twenty years, and my 
attachment continues to grow." 

Mrs. A. B. Bank, Fordyce, Ark. : "This is a splendid papen 
and it is a great help in our U. D. C. work." 

James S. Millikin, Millikin, La. : "I think the Veteran ii 
getting better every year." 

Dr. S. H. Yokely, Meadowview, Va. : "I enjoy each numbei 
thoroughly and feel that it is the duty of every young man ii 
the South who has not the 'History of the Confederacy' a 
hand to take it." 

Mrs. Cornelia Branch Stone, Galveston, Tex. : "I canno 
do without you, for you bring me a monthly message o 
inspiration and patriotic thrills. It is the best monumen 
that we can erect to Mr. Cunningham, your founder, to sup 
port the Veteran." 

A. C. Terhune, Danville. Ky. : "It is the only magazin 
which comes to our home that is thoroughly read from cove- 
to cover." 

C. F. Estill. Lexington, Ky. : "I must have it. I cannot d 
without it." 

Oziene Fontenal, Washington, La. : "There is a vetera 
here seventy-seven years old. He cannot walk without tw, 
sticks. I built a house, kitchen, and barn for him on my Ian 
until his death. * * * I am also helping two old widows.' 






Qopfederat^ l/eterap. 



45 



R. F. Garrard, Morgan, Ky. : "I think every living Confed- 
erate should take it, not only for the description of hattles. 
etc., it contains, but for the many historical truths of the past 
that can be relied upon. I cannot afford to do without it 
and expect to be a subscriber at my death." 

Capt. F. G. Terry, Cadiz, Ky. : "I find my interest in the 
Veteran to be as great as when I got the first number ; in 
fact, it grows with the years." 

Mrs. R. C. Ledford, San Angelo, Tex.: "From an educa- 
tional standpoint, I cannot afford for my fifteen-year-old son 
to miss a single number of the Veteran." 

P. P. Pullen, Paris, Tenn. : "The Veteran is next to the 
Bible. I love it, I revere it, 1 hold it sacred, and I will 
do anything I can to uphold it." 

D. T. Mitchell, Highlandale, Miss. : "I wish great success 
to the Veteran, the grandest publication in the world." 

G. T. Cullins, Caledonia, Ark.: "I would not know how to 
get along without the Veteran. I expect to take it as long 
as I live and have instructed my family to keep it up if they 
outlive me. I am an old veteran and an old subscriber, and 
I think it ought to be read by every Southern family in the 
land." 

J. M. Davidson, West Point, Ga. : "I am delighted with the 
Veteran. It gets better all the time. 1 have been a sub 
Briber for several years, and I am old and feeble, but 1 Still 
enjoy it every month." 

Fred Rogge, National Soldiers' Home, Tenn.: "I wore the 
blue, but it's my private opinion that not only those who wore 
the gray, but all veterans, gray and blue, might profit by read- 
ing up on both sides. The Confederate Veteran is the only 
soldiers' magazine 1 ever read that does not misrepresent 
nilitary history or mislead its readers by glossing over the 
Binders of Southern leaders. Its founder was a liberal, fair- 
ninded Confederate soldier, and his successors are following 
:losely in Colonel Cunningham's footsteps. This magazine 
lescrves a much larger circulation than it has to-day." 



THE DIXIE CALENDAR. 

The Dixie Calendar for 1917 will be especially appreciated 
y the lovers of "Dixie Land." It is an art calendar in sev- 
ral colors, with a picture of a typical Southern colonial house 
t the top, at the sides drawings representative of the South, 

«:t the bottom a calendar pad, and in the center the music of 
Dixie," with the patriotic and inspiring words prepared by 
I. B. Wharton. 
The Inst version of "Dixie" was never intended for any 

* urpose other than a minstrel show. Written by an Ohioan 
it this purpose, the words are too absurd for use on me- 

I lorial occasions. One does not recall them easily or with any 
reling of pride or pleasure — c. a.. 

Buckwheat cakes and stony batter 
Makes you fat or a little fatter." 

flfhey are far inferior to the melody, which has become a 

itional heritage. 
I'On the other hand, the verses by M. B. Wharton, a South- 

II Iner, are appropriate for any occasion. These verses are 
spiring, and we have seen Confederate veterans shout and 
y and fall on each other's necks in their joy over the sing- 
er of the stirring words now linked with their war-old 

il vorite melody, "the only tune that always brings down the 

•use," North or South. The Wharton version and the music 

"Dixie" are on the front of the Dixie Calendar for 191 ". 

ill 



This calendar is sold at fifty cents the copy, but readers of 
the Veteran and members of patriotic societies may get it 
at half price (25 cents), as long as the supply lasts, by stating 
where they saw this notice. Order direct from the Page Pub- 
lishing Association, 849 Park Avenue. Baltimore, Mo. 



MY OLD BLACK MAMMY. 

BY ESTELLE T. 0LTR0GGE. 

When the north wind blew and howled through the house, 
I tried to keep as still as a mouse ; 
Then I'd run upstairs to hide my head 
Beneath the pillows of my bed. 

Black mammy said it was after me 

And would blow me "clear across the sea," 

Because I was "just as bad as a boy" 

And didn't "do nothin' but tease and anno} " 

Now, mammy's talk made me so mad, 
Because I didn't mem to be bad; 
I only pulled my old cat's tail 
To see her squirm and hear her wail. 

Mammy told about "sperrits and bants and ghosts" 
That stood round my bed in frightful hosts 
To "scratch and tear" till it made mj flesh creep 
If I didn't shut my eyes and go to sleep. 

Black mammy knew an awful lot, 
And a whole lot more that she had forgot, 
" 'Bout 'fo' de war" and her "old white folks" 
And her own cabin home in a grove of oaks. 

When my feelings were hurt, to mammy I'd go 
\ud tell her all my childish woe. 
Her "Never mind, honey; it'll come right" 
Made my eyes beam and my heart grow light. 

Sometime to heaven I hope to go,' 
And I know my mammy will be "at de do'," 
\nd her dear old arms around me will twine. 
And her old black face with glory will shine. 



PETTIBONE "GOLDEN Ah VIVERSARY." 

No doubt our readers have noticed the advertising of the 
Pettibone Bros. Mfg. Co., the large Confederate Uniform and 
Lodge Regalia makers of Cincinnati. Ohio, being carried from 
month to month in this magazine. Pettibone's will soon be 
rounding out their "Golden Anniversary" in business, having 
been established and running without hitch or miss for nearly 
half a century, an indication in itself of the high quality ol 
its products and one of which they have a right to be proud. 

It may interest some of our readers to know that the Petti 
bone Company includes in its products Confederate Veteran 
Uniforms, Confederate Flags, and fraternal society supplies 
of every conceivable character — Costumes, Robes, Uniforms, 
Flags, Banners, Badges. Buttons. Flays, Charts — and issues 
over a hundred catalogs covering every individual line. It 
employs hundreds of expert workmen, and each department 
is handled by a member of that respective fraternity, thus in 
Suring not only invaluable knowledge as to requirements of 
a lodge or lodge member, but also lending that personal touch 
of special care and attention so useful to and appreciated by 
their thousands of customers thruout the country. 



46 



^ot)fcdcrat^ l/eterar> t 





fw fl &Bg, Head Noises and Other Eas 
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Thousands who wen 
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ssssssa »w/^»s, that special purpose. 

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•ften called "Little Wireless Phones for the Ears" 

•re restoring perfect hearing in every condition ol 
deafness or defective hearing from causes such as 
Catarrhal Deafness, Relaxed or Sunken Drums, 
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Perforated, Wholly or Partially Destroyed Drums, 
Discharge from Ears, etc. No matter what the case 
or howlongstandingit is.testimonials received show 
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en the nerves of the ears and con- 
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What has done so much for 
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Illustrated booklet sent on request. 



LISTEN, COMRADES 




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~nter-South.rn Bldg. LOUISVILLE. KY 



"LINCOLN." 

A pamphlet by O. W. Blacknall, of 
North Carolina, contrasting the methods 
of the Union armies in the South with 
those of the Germans in the present war. 
This pamphlet has received much praise 
from critics, North and South, on ac- 
count of its historical and literary value 
and should be read by every Southerner. 
Believing that the information it con- 
tains is much needed to-day, it is offered 
for sale at 10 cents a copy. 

Address: Manly's Battery, 210 S. Bay- 
Ian Avenue, Raleigh, N. C. 






THE DIRECT ROUTE TO 



WASHINGTON 
PHILADELPHIA 



BALTIMORE 
NEW YORK 



and all Eastern Cities Irom the South 
and Southwest Is via Bristol and the 



NORFOLK & 
WESTERN RY. 



Confederate Documents, 

Autograph Letters and Paper Money 
bought and sold. Also Portraits, Books 
and Lincoln Medals. 
A. Atlas Leve. Boh 495, Syracuse, IT. Y. 



Mrs. L. J. Powell, of Lowndesboro, 
Ala., wants to complete the record of 
James L. Skinner, who enlisted at De- 
mopolis, Ala., in 1861 as a member of 
the nth Alabama Regiment and served 
a little over a year. He was under Cap- 
tain Prince and Colonel Wheeler. She 
also wants information of Lieut. W. A. 
Skinner, a cadet, eighteen years of age, 
who went from Tuscaloosa, Ala., the 
last year of the war. He was taken 
prisoner near Mobile and sent to Spanish 
Fort and was paroled several months 
after the war closed. 



Mrs. Tennie Covington, 68 Hermit- 
age Avenue, Nashville, Tenn., is trying 
to complete the record of her husband, 
Robert W. Covington, of Company D, 
24th Tennessee Infantry, under Capt. 
John A. Wilson. He enlisted at Camp 
Trousdale, Tenn.. and in July and Au- 
gust, 1863, he was reported as left sick 
in Rutherford County, Tenn. Mrs. 
Covington wants to learn something of 
his record from that time to the close 
of the war. She is trying to secure a 
pension. 

Mrs. Blanche Hindman Cox, of Mont- 
eagle, Tenn., writes that the John W. 
Thomas Chapter, U. D. C, wants to 
mark the lookout points used by Gen- 
erals Forrest and Bragg on Cumberland 
Mountains and wishes to know if these 
generals passed over the mountains near , 
what is now the Assembly Grounds at | 
Monteagle and at points now called 
Bragg's Point and Forrest's Point. 
Some one who knows will please write 
to her. 

T. J. Goodwin, of Quitman, Tex., 
wants to hear from some of his old com- 
rades. He went into service at We- 
tumpka, Ala., in May, 1861, as a member 
of Company B, 8th Alabama Regiment, 
afterwards part of Wilcox's Brigade. 



THROUGH TRAINS 
Sleepers, Dining Car 

The Direct Line 

to Antietam, Md., Gettysburg, Pa., 
Manassas, Va. I Bull Run t, and olh- 
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ol Virginia. 

Best Route to 

RICHMOND, NORFOLK 
and all Virginia Points 

WARREN L. ROHR. General Agent Passenger 
Department, Chattanooga, Tenn. 

W. C. SAUNDERS, General Passenger Agent, 
Roanoke, Va. 

W. B. BEVILL, Passenger Traffic Manager, 
Roanoke, Va. 



THE KU KLUX KLAN 

Or Invisible Empire 

BY MRS. S. E. F. ROSE 

Educa- 
tors, and 
Confeder- 
ate organi- 
z a t ions. 
Price, 85 cts., 
postpaid. Or- 
der a copy to- 
day from the 
author. :: :: :; 



The book 
needed 
in every 
home; con- 
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tic history, 
splendidly il- 
lustrated, pho- 
tographs of Gen. 
N. B. Forrest, 
Grand Wizard of 
the Klan, and oth- 
er prominent mem- 
bers. Endorsed by 
leading Historians, 




Mrs. S. E.F.Rose 
WEST POINT 
MISSISSIPPI 



Don't Wear a Trust 




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47 



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Mrs. I. L. Newsome. of Sulphur 
Springs, Tex., K. R. No. 6, wants infor- 
mation of the service of her husband, 
I. L. Newsome, who enlisted at Seb 
pol, Miss., and was under Captain 
Howard: second lieutenant. Hardy Hill. 
They were at Jackson, Miss., two 
months, then in the Bethel fight on the 
Chattanooga River. 



B. F. Arthur, of Rockdale. Tex., R. 
F. D. No. 6, Box 12. asks that am 
who knows the war record of Bob 
Dickey, who served in Captain Ed- 
wards's company of the 191I1 Texas In- 
fantry, will kindly furnish such infor- 
mation promptly. This old comrade is 
nearly ninety years of age and needs a 
pension. 



48 



Qoijfederat^ 1/eteraQ. 



JANUAR Y BOOK SALE 

Books in Small Stocks at Special Prices 



The Men in Gray 

This pen picture of the Confederate soldier as we have known him is a splendid 
tribute to his comrades in arms by Dr. Robert Catlett Cave, widely known as a 
writer and speaker, is unsurpassed in expression, and will ever be appreciated for 
its truth. It is a book that should be in every household. Not many copies of the 
first edition are left. While they last, orders will be supplied at $i, postpaid. 

Memoirs of Julia Jackson Christian 

The letters of Stonewall Jackson to his wife when he was winning fame as a 
Confederate soldier show the tender personal side of his character; and through 
those letters we also learn of his delight in the little daughter, whose coming was 
to him a light in the darkness of his country's struggle. In the brief sketch of this 
lovely child and woman the bereaved mother pays tender tribute to a beautiful 
character whose stay on earth was altogether too brief. The little book, illustrated 
with pictures of Julia Jackson from childhood to womanhood, is tastefully bound 
in gray cloth, stamped in gold. Price, 50 cents, postpaid. 

Prison Life in the Old Capitol 

One of the most noted of Federal prisons in the War between the States was the 
Old Capitol, in Washington, behind whose grim walls many prisoners of State and 
others suspected of sympathy with the Southern cause were held without any spe- 
cific charge. After the restoration of peace, Major Wirz was there imprisoned 
and went forth only to his mockery of a trial and execution. The author tells of 
his own arrest and detention in this place, with various incidents of his prison life 
there and at tb Co/'jole camp, from which he entered upon his career as a partisan 
ranger in Mosby's c*. ^ Q,"^- Illustrated with pictures of the old prison and some 

of the prisoners. Special p.. ►. *his stock, 50 cents, postpaid. 

JJ e c 
'6 



Order Promptly From 

THE CONFEDERATE VETERAN, Nashville, Tenn. 



FORREST OF TENNESSEE 

By JOSIE FRAZEE-CAPPLEMAN 

O sine me a song of tbe southland— 

The Southland that used to be. 
Of the deeds of our hallowed Grey heroes. 

So sacred to you and to me. 
O Southrons, ye proud, patriotic: 

O soldiers of Jackson and Lee! 
Another is sung in our South-lore — 

Famed Forrest of Tennessee. 

Our leaders were daring and dauntless. 

As ever led battle array: 
Each heart bore the stamp of tbe hero 

That rode in the ranks of the Grey; 
Yet never more far-eyed or fearless. 

And never a bolder could be. 
None ever more tried or triumphant 

Than Forrest of Tennessee. 

Aye, matchless this victor In valor— 

A hundred hard battles and more 
Saw him at the bead of the horsemen. 

The brunt of the danger bore; 
At Donelson he our one bero, 

Wrought wonders at Cbiokamauga. 
And dasbed lion-like down at Shilob: 

Dread Forrest of Tennessee. 

The marvel of mourned Murfreesboro 

The terror of Tishomingo. 
Where with only a wearied-out handful 

Far scattered the fear-stricken foe. 
And. there on the fierce field of Franklin, 

'Mong the flower of our chivalry* 
'Mid the groans and the gore and the carnage, 

Charged Forrest of Tennessee. 



•Twas a raid thro' beloved Alabama 

Marched to our stores Gen. Streight: 
All behind him was direst destruction. 

Before, the same fearful fate. 
But a message went thro' to the "wizard." 

When soon, and all suddenly— 
"He Is coming," rang out the glad tidings. 

"Old Forrest" of Tennessee, 

On. on, the swift "knight of the saddle" 

Rushed for the foe in his lair: 
But burned was the bridge, wild tbe waters 

And Forrest, for once in dlspair. 
When out of a oot of tbe mountains 

Came a slight maid— said she: 
"The way to the ford I will show you. 

Brave Forrest of Tennessee." 

On, on. sped tbe man and tbe maiden. 

O'er rocks and mad-rushing stream. 
And fast the few grey-coated followed 

Till full In the bayonet's gleam— 
A ruse, and a shout from the Southrons, 

And the girl waved her bonnet In glee 
As the federals thrice cheered Emma Sansom 

With Forrest of Tennessee. 

Aye. many his perilous exploit. 

And many the death-knell his deed- 
Where sword, shot and shell fell the fastest, 

There Forrest was In the lead: 
Yet noble, and kind, and tender- 
As always the brave — was he, 
And Arm was his faith In the future- 
True Forrest of Tennessee. 

O Southrons, with laurels come crown him. 

Protecter, Defender of homes: 
Let your praises reach up to the star-realm. 

Where the grand soul of Forrest now roams. 
For all that remains of our bero 

Lies silent as silent can be. 
But llvetb forever In South-lore. 

Loved Forrest of Tennessee. 



ID THEIR WAR RECORDS. 

e PEOPLE and for preservation 
PUBLIC and PRIVATE 
ie COUNTRY. 



nfederate Veterans 
'k, entitled :: :: :: 



Htcrans 

:ords 




If.T. HEX. K M VAN /. \N1>T. 

Fob i Worth, Ti \ is 

in Franklin i'u . I • nil , Mi I 7. L836. 
.;.! fonfeilernle Krrviee. Oct. 6. I 86] 

i. Mien Majur. of Till Texas Infantry 

hi. Army of Tennes Field service 

it-- mill six iiM'tiilis; posl service one 

M.'iiih. i is. 10. l..e rump No L58, Fori 

Texas. Lieutenant General com- 

ir Trims Mississippi Department, r. 

i (anker. 

ON LAST PAGE) 



fficer or a Private, Should 
rtime Portrait 

|d/utani General, ('. C. V.) 






48 



JANUA\ 

Books in S-: 



The Men in 

This pen picture of 
tribute to his comrade^ 
writer and speaker, is 
its truth. It is a book 
first edition are left. 

Memoirs of 

The letters of Stone,;. 
Confederate soldier shB 
those letters we also leg| 
to him a light in the daP 
lovely child and worn! 
character whose stay o|| 
with pictures of Julia I 
in gray cloth, stamped-. 

Prison Life 

One of the most not<| 
Old Capitol, in Washil 
others suspected of syM 
cine charge. After tl 
and went forth only teg 
his own arrest and det£ 
there and at th C /- t ok 
• ranger in Mosby Su| 
of the prisoners. Spe| 




THE CONFEDl 



A PORTRAIT GALLERY OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS AND THEIR WAR RECORDS. 

An heirloom for future generations. Prepared expressly for the PEOPLE and for preservation 

in the Confederate Memorial Hall or Battle Abbey and PUBLIC and PRIVATE 

LIBRARIES and HISTORICAL SOCIETIES of the COUNTRY. 



Prospectus of Volume II 

These Pages contain a few Portraits of Confederate Veterans 
that will be in Volume II of the beautiful book, entitled :: :: :: 



WELL KNOWN 
AND THEIR WAR RECORDS 




HEX. BENNETT II \ul NQ, 

I...1 ISTILLB, Kv. 

Born Nicholasville, K.v.. May 25, 1843. 
Entered Confederate Service, October, 
1862, as a private, afterwards 1st Lieu- 
tenant, 8th Ry. Cavalry, Gen. John 1 1*. Mor 
join's command. Served to close of war. 
Commanded St. Alban's Haiti. President 
Kentucky Confederate Home. Command. t 
in Chief, D. C. V. 



I,T. i.l. v. K. M VAN 

Post Worth, Texas. 

Born in Franklin Co., Tenn., Nov. 7. 1836. 
Entered Confederate Service, Oct 6. 1861. 
Captain, then Major, of Till Texas Infantry 
Regiment, Army <*( Tennessee. Field service 
two years and six months; post service one 
year. Member II. K. Lee Camp No. 158, Fori 
Worth, Texas. Lieutenant General com- 
manding Trans Mississippi Department, r. 
C. v. Banker. 



(SEE INFORMATION CONCERNING PORTRAITS ON LAST PAGE) 



Every Confederate Veteran, Whether He Was an Officer or a Private, Should 
Have His Portrait in this Book, His Wartime Portrait 
And His Portrait of To-day. 

For full information, address WILLIAM E. MICKLE {Adjutant General, U. C. V.) 

New Orleans, La. 



CONFEDERATE VETERANS 




JOSEPH F. SHIPP, Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Bom Jasper County, Ga.. February 3, 
1845. Entered the Confederate Service 
April 12, 1861. as a private in Company G. 
4th Ga. Intantrv. Served to close of war, 
at which time lie was Assistant Quarter- 
master. Is a member of N. B. Forrest 
Camp No. 4. Appointed Quartermaster 
General, U. C. V., by Gen. J. B. Gordon, and 
has retained office ever since. Farmer and 
breeder of thoroughbred Berkshire hogs. 






J. WM. TOWSON, Shelbina, Mo. 

Born March 2, 183!). Enlisted June 9, 
1S63 as a private in the Black Horse Lav- 
airy,' 4tb Virginia Regiment. Was in every 
battle of his command after enlistment ex- 
cept one. at which time he was a prisoner 
of war. lie served till the close of the 
war and was paroled May 6, 1865. Is 
now Major General commanding the Mis- 
souri Division of the U. C. V. 



J. 



THOMPSON BROWN, RICHMOND, Va. 



Born in Richmond, Va., May 4. 1840. En- 
tered the Confederate Service in 1861 as a 
private in Co. A. 20tb Va. Reg. When it 
disbanded ill 1862, re enlisted in artillery. 
Promoted to Captain of "Parker's Battery- 
Was in eighteen battles; wounded twice. 
captured twice. Served to end of the war. 
Is a member of R. B. Lee Camp No. 181. 
O. C. V. Commander First Va. Brigade, L. 
C. V. Dealer in real estate. 




WILLIAM B. HALDEMAN, Louisville, Ky. 

Born Louisville, Ky.. July 27. 1846. En- 
listed at the age of fifteen in May, 1862, as 
a private in Co. G, 9th Kentucky Infantry, 
of the "Orphans' Brigade," and served to 
May, 1865, when he was paroled with his 
command at Washington. Ga. Major Gen- 
eral in command of the Kentucky Division. 
Editor Louisville Times, and part owner of 
the Courier-Journal. 



RT. REV. J. M. Ll'CEY, Tine Bluff, Ark. 
Born Sept. 29. 1843. and enlisted at 
Fort Smith, Ark., in 1861. Paroled In 
1864. Is Assistant Chaplain General on the 
staff of the Commander-in-Chief. 



THE "BOYS" OF 1861-1865 




GUN. JAMES LONGSTREEr. 









GEN. VIRGIL "i COOK, 1: \ rasviLLl Are 



GEN. \V. I!. HALDEMAN, 

I ."I ls\ II. I K. Kv. 




COL. A. It BLAKELY. 



COL. INO. W. FAXON, 

Chattanooga, Tbnn. 



PLACE YOUR PORTRAIT AND WAR RECORD IN THE GREATEST OF ALL BOOKS 



WELL KNOWN 



Confederate Veterans 

AND THEIR WAR RECORDS 




Prepared by 

WILLIAM E. MICKLE 

(Adjutant General United Confederate Veterans) 



REASONS I 



Why the Portraits and War Records 
f Veterans should be in this book 



BECAUSE the book will be a perpetual Monument more enduring than brass or marble to the 
Confederate HEROES. 

BECAUSE, by turning its pages, you will be able to see the War Records and gaze on the 
faces of the men who commanded, and who were commanded, and who followed the Confed- 
erate Flag to the furthermost limits. And, if the picture be of the war period, it will pre- 
serve the features of our "boy soldiers." 

BECAUSE it will enable the Veterans in the different localities to become acquainted with one 
another, without a formal introduction, thus forming a closer comradeship; also, to trace 
a comrade. 

BECAUSE it is the first opportunity that Veterans of all ranks have had to have their POR- 
TRAITS and WAR RECORDS in a book that will be preserved and sought after by the 
future generation. 

BECAUSE the ranks of the surviving Veterans are gradually thinning out, and long after they 
have all answered the "Pinal Roll Call" their faces will be lovingly gazed upon and cher- 
ished as sacred mementoes of their Bravery and Immortal Deeds. 

BECAUSE it will piove a rich and deeply-cherished legacy to those who :nx- desreji led from the 
men who fojght so gallantly for the sovereignty of the States; and t<r*>(j£perYe''fhftt legacy 
the cost to the Veterans will be a trifle when compared with the far-reaching influences 
an. ..tion that will accrue. 

BECAUSE the cost to have a fine Photo-Engraved Portrait of a Veteran placed in the book is 
only TEN DOLLARS ($10) (the price of the book alone is ?2.50, and will be ready 
in 1913. This is very reasonable, and much less than what a first-class photographer 
would charge for one dozen (12) cabinet photographs, and scores of dollars less than an 
oil painting would cost. 

BECAUSE photographs become scattered, lost, or may be forgotten, and the oil or other painted 
portrait is hung in an obscure place. .Therefore, it is the duty of every Veteran to place his 
features in the book, where they can be seen by all people and by the future Historian and 
Student of History. 

The survivors of the dead should see that the portraits of their loved ones appear in this work. 

If further information is wanted concerning Portrait and Book, address the publisher as below, 
and a prompt reply will be returned. 



WILLIAM E. MICKLE 



Publisher 



NEW ORLEANS, LA. 






* * * 



VOL. XXV. 



FEBRUARY, 1917 



NO. 




JUDGE J. A. P. CAMPBELL, OF MISSISSIPPI 

Member of the First Provisional Congress of tile Southern Confederacy and 
one of the slg-ners of the Confederate Constitution. (See pag-e 54.) 



^oi>federat^ l/eterar). 



^ 



FREE TRIP TO REUNION 




Washington, D. C. 
ALL, 



Week of June 4 



EXPENSES PAID 



Confederate Soldiers and others may attend the 
Reunion at Washington without cost 



EVERY EXPENSE PAID 



EVERY CONVENIENCE FURNISHED 



Round-trip railroad transportation from jour city. Pullman 
fare. Meals en route on standard diner. Best hotel accom- 
modations in Washington. Automobile trip to Arlington and 
Mount Vernon. Sight-seeing trip to Washington, etc. 



SIDE TRIP TO NEW YORK CITY 

Ex- 



SIDE TRIP TO GETTYSBURG 

Competent conduc'.ors to attend to your every wish. 
perienced guides to show you everything. 

If you wish to attend the Reunion with every expense paid, 
with every possible comfort, with a selected, personally con- 
ducted party, write to-day for full particulars. 

This is not a contest, but a definite offer. 
SEND TO-DAY FOR FULL PARTICULARS WHILE THIS ADVERTISEMENT IS BEFORE YOU 



ADDRESS REUNION TOUR MANAGER 
AMERICAN BUILDING 



Southern Woman's Magazine, Nashville, Tenn. 



LEADING ARTICLES IN THIS NUMBER. Page . 

Reunion Orders 49 

Portraits of General Lee 50 

The House Where Stonewall Jackson Died. (Poem.) By Emma Frances 

Lee Smith 51 

Appomattox. (Poem.) By B. W. J 52 

The Anne Lee Memorial Home for the Aged 52 

Last Survivor of the Confederate Congress. By Mrs. L. E. Uhler 54 

A Noted Law Class at the University of Virginia. By Col. William Gordon 

McCabe 55 

The Hampton Roads Conference. By Gen. Julian S. Carr 57 

,The Jefferson Davis Memorial. By Gen. Bennett H. Young 67 

The Battle of Shiloh. By Jasper Kelsey 71 

Chickamauga as I Saw It. By Elder J. K. Womack 74 

That Furlough. By R. J. Dew 75 

Jackson's Winter Campaign in 1862. By P. S. Hagy 76 

A Georgia Command in Active Service. By John W. Higgins 78 

In the Year 1861. Compilation from "Official Records" by John C. Stiles 80 

Suffering on the Southwest Border. By Flora E. Stevens 83 

A Mother of the Confederacy. By T. J. Mosley 93 

Tribute to Capt. Bromfield L. Ridley. By Capt. Richard Beard 94 

In Camp and Prison. By J. R. Baird or 

"Commodore Montgomery"— A Correction. By W. F. Clayton 96 

Departments : Last Roll g. 

u - °- c • ;;;;;;;;;!!";;;;;;;;".".";; as 

c - s - m - a -- 9 2 

s - cv 96 



NORFOLK & 
WESTERN RY. 



THROUGH TRAINS 
Sleepers, Dining Car 

The Direct Line 

to Antietam, Md., Gettysburg, 
Pa., Manassas, Va. (Bull Run), 
and other famous battle fields 
in the Shenandoah Valley and 
other sections of Virginia. 

Best Route to 

WASHINGTON, BALTIMORE, 
NEW YORK, RICHMOND, NOR- 
FOLK, and all Virginia Points. 



WARREN L. ROHR. General Agent Passenger 
Department, Chattanooga, Tenn. 

w. C. SAUNDERS, General Passenger Agent, 
Roanoke, Va. 



SECRETARIES WANTED 

Southern ladies of education and refine- 
ment to travel as field secretaries for 

"The Mildred Rutherford Historical Circle" 

Must be energetic and over 25 years old. 
Excellent opening. Apply to 

J. STANDISH CLARK, Business Manager 

1824 Jefferson Bank Building 
Birmingham, Ala. 



(^opfederat^ l/eterai?. 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY IN THE INTEREST OF CONFEDERATE ASSOCIATIONS AND KINDRED TOPICS. 



Entered at the post office at Nashville, Term., as second-class matte* 

Date given to subscription is the month o£ expiration. 

All remittances should he made to the Confederates VetbkaK 

and all communications so addressed. 
Published by the Confederate Veteran Company, Nashville, Tenn. 




OFFICIALLT REPRESENTS; 
United Confederate Veterans, 

I'm no Daughters of the Confederacy, 

Sons of Veterans and Other Organizations, 

Confederated Southern Memorial Association. 



Though men deserve, they rnnv not win. sin. 

The brave will honor the brave, vanquished none the less. 



Prick, $1.00 per Year. 
Single Copy, 10 Cents. 



} Vol. XXV. 



NASHVILLE. TEW.. LEHRIWRY, 101;. 



No. 2. 



I S. A. CI NAIM.HAM, 
[ Founder. 



REUNION ORDERS. 

Headquarters United Confederate Veterans, 
New ORLEANS, La., January is, 1917. 
General Orders No. 6. 

T. The twenty-seventh annual Reunion of the United Con- 
federate Veterans will he held in Washington, D. C, June 
5, 6, and ~, 1917. This date lias been agreed upon by the 
Commander in Chief and three Department Commanders and 
fixed at the suggestion as well as with the full approval of the 
local committee charged with the management of the details 
of the meeting. 

These are the days set aside for the transaction of the 
business of the Association; but the good people of Washing- 
ton have arranged for such pleasures and entertainments as 
will take up the entire week, commencing the fourth day of 
June. 

This is the first time a Reunion has taken place outside of 
the limits of the late Confederate States, and it is eminently 
fit that it should be held in the city of Washington. 

"On to Washington! On to Washington!" was the cry 
of Confederate soldiers after the victory of the First Ma- 
nassas; but the judgment of the leaders was averse to the 
movement. Furthermore, tin trenches near the city were 
defended by a line of men in blue, ready to dispute any at- 
tempt on the pail of the Confederates to enter their terri- 
tory. "On to Washington! On to Washington!" is shouted 
again throughout the Southland, and now the leaders cheer- 
fully urge tluir commands forward, while the opposing blues, 
instead of making any objection, welcome with cordial hand- 
shake their late foes. These men, with the citizens in gen- 
eral of the capital city of the country, promise that this gath- 
ering shall in every respect be the most memorable in the his- 
tory of the United Confederate Veterans. 

It was a beautiful, pathetic, and patriotic act on the part of 
the local G. A. R. Post to take the initiative in asking that 
this Reunion be held in Washington, and it is one which fills 
the hearts nf the Confederate soldiers with heartiest pleasure 
and shows to the world that the United States are one coun- 
try, with one flag and one aim. 

The Genera! commanding notes with sincere satisfaction 
the great efforts the committees in Washington arc making 



for the entertainment of the men whom it is his privilege to 
command, and he cm promise his comrades that no efforts 
will be spared, no outlaj curtailed to add to the pleasure of 
the old Confederates. 

To march down Pennsylvania Avenue in full uniform, to 
be reviewed by the President of the United States, surrounded 
by all the foreign dignitaries in Washington — this should 
arouse the enthusiasm of the most callous and add to the at- 
tendance from the entire South. The General commanding 
urges every one to attend this great assembly, which proin- 
ises to be one of the most notable events in American history, 
long to live in the memory of every one who is present and 
who will be proud tn s.i\ : "1 was at the Confederate Reunion 
in Washington " 

II. It is particularly desired that members of Camps attend 
in uniform. These uniforms can he had at reasonable prices, 
and Col. N. B. Forrest, of Biloxi, Miss, with enviable energy 
and devotion, has done much work to bring about these low 
prices. Officers should at once take up this matter with him. 

III. The General commanding with much pleasure an- 
nounces, at the request of its most energetic President, Mrs 
W. J. Behan, that the Confederated Southern Memorial As- 
sociation will hold its meeting at the same time, and the Sons 
of Confederate Veterans will hold their convention on the 
same days. 

IV. The monument erected by the State of Virginia to the 
memory of her soldiers at Gettysburg will be unveiled on 
June 8 or on the battle field. This date has been fixed by 
the Virginia Commission so that the veterans may easily go 
from Washington. Arrangements will be made with the rail- 
roads to handle passengers from Washington to Gettysburg 
and return. This will be a most important event, and it is 
hoped by the General commanding that as many as possible 
of the veterans will make arrangements to attend. 

V. The General commanding sincerely hopes that the press 
of the entire country, ever ready to promote the cause of the 
Confederate soldier, will endeavor to stir up interest in the 
coming meeting, and to this end he requests that this order 
be published and editorial comment made thereon. 

By command of George P. Harrison. 

General Commanding. 
Wm E. Mickle, Adjutant General and Chief of Staff. 



5o 



Qo^federat^ l/eterai). 




PORTRAITS OF GENERAL LEE, 

' "Yet when I view your old-time picture all 
The proud past rises, though its day is fled." 

One of the latest biographers of General Lee makes a com- 
parison of his pictures in early and late life, in which he says: 
"From the study of photographs I get a more charming im- 
pression of his later years than of his earlier. The face and 
figure of the captain are eminently noble, high-bred, dignified ; 
but with the dignity there is just a suggestion of haughtiness, 
of remoteness. But 
in the bearded photo- 
graphs of later years 
all traces of such re- 
moteness have van- 
ished. The dignity 
is more marked than 
ever, but all sweet. 
The ample, lordly 
carriage, the broad 
brow, the deep, sig- 
nificent, intelligent 
eyes convey nothing 
but the largest ten- 
derness, the pro- 
foundest human sym- 
pathy, the most per- 
fect love." 

We can concur in 
this impression of 
General Lee in his 
maturity, but who 
that has read of his 
gentle youth and 

thoughtful manhood can associate with him any idea of 
haughtiness or other quality that would in the least repel? 
True, there was about him that remoteness which made him ' 
seem almost as a man set apart by God for some high and 
lofty purpose, yet it but ennobles the countenance in giving 
the impression as of one who had to tread the way of life 
alone. 

General Lee's son, Capt. R. E. Lee, Jr., in referring to a 
certain portrait considered a good likeness, said : "To me the 
expression of strength peculiar to his face is wanting, and 
the mouth fails to portray that sweetness of disposition so 
characteristic of his countenance. * * * My father never 
could bear to have his picture taken, and there are no like- 
nesses of him that really give his sweet expression." 

The picture of General Lee with which we are most fa- 
miliar is the gray-bearded man with the dignified yet kindly 
mien which gives the impression of strength of character 
above all things. But there is an appeal about all his pic- 
tured representations. One can imagine his mother's joy in 
his physical perfectness as well as in that spiritual tenderness 
which made him both a son and daughter to her. 

It is said that General Lee was the embodiment of manly 
beauty, of "a noble and commanding presence and an admi- 
rable, graceful, and athletic figure." At the time he became 
Superintendent at West Point he was pictured as tall and 
erect, with wavy black hair, hazel-brown eyes, and "a counte- 
nance which beamed with gentleness and intelligence." Gen- 
eral Hunt described him as "fine-looking a man as one would 
wish to see, of perfect figure, and strikingly handsome." An- 
other writes of the impression made at the time of the war, 
when more years had passed over him : "His form had full- 



• 



CAPT. R. E. LEE, U. S. ENGINEERS. 



ness without any appearance of superfluous flesh, as erect as 
that of a cadet. * * * No representation of General Lee 
properly conveys the light and softness of his eye. the tender- 
ness and intelligence of his mouth, or the indescribable re- 
finement of his face." And Alexander H. Stephens, when he 
saw Robert E. Lee for the first time and pressed upon him 
the question of Virginia's joining the Confederacy, felt that 
he was well worthy to make a great decision, in a great cause. 
"As he stood there," said Mr. Stephens, "fresh and ruddy as 
a David from the sheepfold, in the prime of manly beauty, 

and the embodiment 



of a line of heroic 
and patriotic fathers 
and worthy mothers 
— it was thus I first 
saw Robert E. Lee. 
* * * I had before 
me the most manly 
and entire gentleman 
1 ever saw." 

Thus in the prime 
of his strength and 
manly excellence he 
entered the war of 
secession, and by the 
record of his pictures 
we trace the progress 
of age, not of years, 
but that which comes 
from the weight of 
responsibility, from 
the burden of sor- 
row, and from the 
crushing realization 
of failure. Yet through it all the countenance never loses 
that serenity, that sweetness of noble dignity which made 
him kingly among men. 







GEN. R. E. LEE, C. S. A. 



THE HAMPTON ROADS CONFERENCE. ■ 
In the preparation of his article on the Hampton Roads 
Conference of February 3, 1865, Gen. Julian S. Carr, of North 
Carolina, has rendered a great service to history. Although 
this matter was brought out at length in the Veteran for 
June and July, 1916, the false statements have continued to 
be circulated ; but it is hoped that General Carr's exhaustive 
treatment of the subject will be effective in silencing the dis- 
seminators of such statements. No one can read the article 
without realizing that he has demonstrated the falsity of the 
statement regarding a proposition by President Lincoln to 
Hon. Alexander H. Stephens, and every Confederate and 
others who are interested in the truth of history will feel a 
sense of obligation to General Carr for the spleridid work 
he has done in demonstrating for all time that the story is a 
fiction, having no foundation except in the imagination of 
those who desire to glorify Mr. Lincoln. CSee page 57.) 



THE JEFFERSON DAVIS MEMORIAL AT FAIRVIEW. 
On page 67 of this number appears the address made by 
Gen. Bennett H. Young to the Daughters of the Confederacy 
in convention at Dallas, Tex., November 10, 1916, on the me- 
morial to be erected to Jefferson Davis, only President of 
of the Southern Confederacy, at Fairview, Ky. The splen- 
did liberality of Gens. George W. Littlefield, of Texas, and 
(Continued on page 99.) 



Qopfederat^ l/eteraij. 



5i 



THE HOUSE WHERE STONEWALL JACKSON DIED. 

BY EMMA FRANCES LEE SMITH. 

'Mid fair Virginia's gently swelling plains, 
Where once the roar of battle shook the hills, 

Unique amongst all consecrated fanes, 
Quaint with a beauty that inspires and thrills, 

There stands a little house with roof tree low 
And white walls gleaming 'neath the summer skits 

By what swift magic does it bring the glow 
Of reverent wonder to our eager eyes? 

"Whose is that humble cot?" I asked of one. 

And with a glance of ardor he replied 
In the soft speech that marks the Southland's son: 

"That is the house where Stonewall Jackson died " 

Then I bethought me of that mournful day 

When over all this smiling, happy land 
The darkness of a tragic sorrow lay 

As Stonewall's sword fell from his stricken hand. 

When from the field they bore their hero chief. 

His blood-stained warriors wept with bitter rag 
llis dying eyes saw through the mirk of grief 

Green trees of hcav'n with verdant foli 

"Let us pass over the river," he sighed, 

"And resl under tin shade, the shade of the trees.' 

As he had lived, most valiantly he died 

With childlike faith in God's divine decrees. 

In vain we c|Ucstioned through the long, sad years 

Why the just God of battles willed it so, 
And heeded not the anguish and the tears 

And the sick hearts that shrank beneath that blow. 

But as the smoke of conflict cleared aw.i> 

\nd sweet-browed peace came with her message blest. 

Slowly we learned to lift our eyes and say: 
"Thy way, O God, not ours, for thine is best." 

So, little lions,- beside the dusty road, 
Cherish for aye the memory and the pride 

So strangely by an unseen Power bestowed — 
Dear little house, where Stonewall Jackson die 1 




MISS KATE MASON ROWLAND. 

BY DR. HENRY F, SHEPHERD. BALTIMORE, MD. 

I noted not merely with surprise, but with a feeling ap- 
proaching to chagrin and mortification, that in the tributes to 
their dead of 1916 by the United Daughters of the Confederacy 
at their recent convention in Dallas, Tex., the name of the 
most cultured, brilliant, and heroic woman ever associated 
with the history of the South is passed over in absolute silence. 

Miss Kate Mason Rowland, of Virginia, who died in Rich 
mond, Va., June jo. 1916, illustrated the ideal type of South- 
ern womanhood as it prevailed in the days that are dead— all 
the charms and graces of a historic lineage, with comprehen- 
sive and catholic acquirement, uncompromising and invinci- 
ble allegiance to the aims and aspirations embodied in the 
cause of the Confederacy. She was a collateral descendant 
of Georye Mason, of Gunston Hall, the friend of Washington 
and author of the Virginia Bill of Rights. Her "Life of 
Mason" and ol "Charles Carroll, of Carrollton," have long 
since attained the rank of classics. In addition to these, her 
edition of the poems of Dr. Ticknor and "The Journal of 
Julie I.eGrand" reveal the same finely touched literary dis- 
crimination characteristic of her work in the sphere of biogra- 
phy. I have more than once compared Miss Rowland to 
Flora Mclvor, the heroine of Scott's "Waverly." In either 
case life and energy, mind and heart were consecrated to a 
single purpose, and in each instance the dream faded, the 
vision of the house of Stuarl as well as the "Kthnogenesis" 
of our fadeless Southern lyrist. During her final illness, when 
almost in "the twilight of eternal day," Miss Rowland wrote 
me that she trusted I might be spared to bestow a few more 
whacks upon certain Southern recreants "who. like Sir Bedi- 
vcre, had betrayed their nature and their names." 

In her lite and character devotion, unswerving fidelity, and 
singleness of aim blended into harmony with purity and range 
of attainment in the high realms of literature and history 
Yet in the official report of the dead for 1016 her record is 
passed over by her colaborers and sisters as though she had 
never been. 



THE HOUSE WHERE JACKSON DIED. 



PATRIOTISM OF MISSISSIPPI WOMEN. 

I he legislature of Mississippi recognized the devotion ind 
loyalty of the women of the State to the cause in the follow- 
ing resolution adopted January 28. [862: "That the women 
of the State of Mississippi, for their exertions in behalf of 
the cause of Southern independence, are entitled to the heart] 
thanks of every lover of his country; and this legislature, 
acting from .1 sense of justice and gratitude, extends to them, 
individual^ and collectively, the sincere thanks of the people 
of this State for their noble efforts in aiding the cause ot 
our common country." 

In his inaugural address to the legislature on November 16. 
[863, on this subject Governor Clark said: "One of the mosl 
gratifying indications of the times is the resolute spirit of in- 
dustry manifested by our women. The spinning wheel is pre- 
ferred to the harp, and the loom makes music of loftier patri- 
otism and inspiration than the keys of the piano." 

The strength of the Confederacy was largely in the heroic- 
devotion and patriotic self-sacrifice of the women of the 
South, and it is gratifying to know that this was freely recog- 
nized and appreciated at the time by such official acts The 
women of all the other Southern States were no less indus- 
trious and devoted to the cause. 



Qopfederat^ l/eterap. 



APPOMATTOX, APRIL 9, 'S65 

BY B. W. J., SPOTTSVILLE, VA. 

On mem'ry's bell I hear again 
The echoes of that direful day, 

When valor owned the struggle vain 
And threw the well-worn sword away. 

Our chieftain's eagle eye was dim; 

His heart was sad, his words were brief, 
And tearful orbs were turned to him 

That seldom wept o'er private grief. 

Upon the field the soldier laid 
The arms he knew how well to bear, 

But o'er his brow a shadow strayed, 
For long-tried friends were severed there 

He turned to go, but paused in shame 
That this must be the end at last 

And fearing much lest on his name 
The coward's stigma should be cast. 

But hark! the cannon's sullen roar 
Again disturbs the morning air. 

The old defiance telling o'er 

That warns the foe brave men are there 

Now back unto their guns they spring ; 

The fire of hope has blazed anew ; 
Quick to the breeze their flags they fling. 

While armed battalions rise to view. 

Alas ! 'tis vain. Across the field 
A horseman speeds with message dire. 

The South to fate the cause must yield 
And see her cherished aims expire. 

Ah, woeful day ! A nation died 

When Lee that vernal morning laid 

His chieftain's armor all aside, 
No more to wield the warrior's blade 

Ah, direful fate! But future years 
Will bring the gift we fought to gain, 

For all this blood and all these tears 
Were never meant to flow in vain. 

Above our dead to-day we lay 

The cypress wreath to mark their graves 
When time shall bring our natal day, 

We'll reckon them our conq'ring braves. 



THAT APPLE TREE AT APPOMATTOX. 

BY J. C. REED, HAMPTON, VA. 

1 have read with great interest the article in the January 
Veteran concerning the "Historic Apple Tree at Appomat- 
tox." Having a more perfect knowledge of that noted apple 
tree, I here record the facts. When the surrender took place, 
I was a sergeant in the Bedford Light Artillery, Hager's Bat- 
talion, Longstreet's Corps. Capt. John Donnell Smith com- 
manded the battery. 

After the surrender our guns were parked near a log dwell- 
ing which is still standing. That dwelling was on a ridge, in 
front of which, about twenty-five or thirty yards, there was a 



small branch, or ditch. Just beyond this ditch, about thirtx 
yards away, was the famous apple tree. My tent was pitched 
on this branch on the side next to the dwelling spoken of and 
was therefore about midway between the house and the tree 
We remained in this place several days while our paroles 
were being prepared. 

The apple tree was not destroyed by the Confederates 
Many small twigs and limbs were broken off by the Confed- 
erate soldiers. I myself broke off two small twigs and put 
them in my pocketbook and carried them home. I can bear 
witness that the tree did disappear one night. It was either 
on Tuesday or Wednesday night. I do not know, but I feel 
sure that some enterprising Yankee cut it down and carried it 
away. I know that I went to sleep with the tree within thirty 
yards of my tent, and the next morning it was gone. I sus- 
pect that a thousand souvenirs of apple tree wood have been 
sold claimed to be a part of that tree. 

The present marker, whose inscription is given on the front 
cover of the Veteran for January, I have often seen. It 
stands near the road and about four hundred yards from 
where the apple tree stood. I feel confident, were I permitted 
to do so, that I could place that marker within a few feet of 
the original site of the tree. 



THE ANNE LEE MEMORIAL. 

[In an address before the Virginia State Convention, U. D 
C, at Lynchburg on October 10, 1916, Mrs. Lycurgus Edward 
Uhler eloquently set forth the plans for the Anne Lee Me- 
morial Home for the Aged as a tribute to the memory of 
General Lee's mother. No finer tribute could be paid to Gen- 
eral Lee and his mother than to dedicate this old home in 
Alexandria to the aged women who sacrificed and suffered 
for the Southern cause. Every Southern man and woman 
should be glad to honor General Lee by contributing to the 
memorial to his mother. There are now in the Home three 
widows of Confederate veterans, and others will soon be ad 
mitted. There is need of your cooperation in sustaining this 
work. All contributions should be sent to Mrs. Uhler, who 
is Vice President of the Association and also Chairman of the 
Finance Committee. Address her at 321 Washington Street, 
Alexandria, Va.] 

A subject which must appeal to every Southern woman is 
the memorial to Anne Carter Lee, the mother of Virginia's 
illustrious soldier and statesman, Gen. Robert Edward Lee. 
whose brave deeds, noble patriotism, and honorable record 
won for him undying fame and the love and devotion of a 
grateful Confederacy. Of his mother General Lee once said. 
"All I am I owe to my mother" ; and Gen. Fitzhugh Lee 
writes of her: "I have always heard that to her noble in- 
fluence the perfect formation of General Lee's character was 
due." Thus to Anne Carter Lee the South owes her illus- 
trious leader. 

The first memorial erected by women to a woman was that 
to Mary the mother of Washington, and every Southern man 
and woman must feel that the second should be to the mem- 
ory of the mother of Gen. Robert E. Lee, Virginia's noble 
chieftain. 

About seventeen years ago the women of Alexandria, moved 
by a desire to commemorate the virtues of the mother of our 
beloved general, formed an association, the "Anne Lee Me- 
morial Association." Its President was Mrs. L. Wilbur Reid. 
now President of the Seventeenth Virginia Regiment Chapter, 
U. D. C Sufficient funds not being secured at that time for a 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 



53 



suitable memorial, the money was invested ; and in March, 
1915, the work was again taken up, a board of governers was 
elected, and plans formed to make the memorial a home for 
the aged. 

No more suitable place for this memorial could be selected 
than Alexandria. Anne Lee's home was there ; she was a 
member of Old Christ Church, and but a few miles away, at 
Ravensworth, her remains lie buried. There could be no 




HOME OF GENERAL LEES MOTHER, IN ALEXANDRIA, VA. 
The building is In colonial yellow, with white trimmings. 

more beautiful tribute to her memory than the care of the 
aged without home and loved ones to brighten their few re- 
maining years. 

It was in Alexandria in the yard of Old Christ Church, of 
which he was at that time a member and vestryman, that 
General Lee announced his determination to cast his lot with 
his native State in the pending conflict, stating his purpose to 
leave the next day to join the army of the Confederacy and 
offer his sword in defense of his native State. 

We have purchased the old colonial home of the Herbert 
family, in the historic section of our city, within a few steps 
of the Carlylc House, Braddock House, and General Wash- 
ington's headquarters, ideal for our purpose, with wonderful 
possibilities, but very much out of repair. When all improve- 
ments are completed, we will accommodate twenty to twenty- 
five inmates. 

The Seventeenth Virginia Regiment Chapter, through the 
untiring energy of our President, Mrs. Rcid, has erected a 
colonial portico and entrance at a cost of $700, and on the 
ground floor is a beautifully furnished reception room, also 
a gift of the Seventeenth Chapter. Checks have been sent to 
the chairman of the Finance Committee from the New York 
Chapter; the Mary Mildred Sullivan Chapter, of New York; 
the Dixie Club, of New York ; the Maryland Chapter, of 
Baltimore; and the Fairfax Chapter, of Fairfax. And we 
most earnestly solicit the cooperation of every Chapter in 
raising a fund to make a memorial the South can point to 
with pride. 

In addition to the patriotic sentiment, it is a feeling of 
tenderness for the pitiful condition of a number of old wom- 



en, several of them widows of Confederate veterans, that 
prompted us to devise a means to care for these dear old peo- 
ple. I have found that in almost every city there is crying 
need of a home for a class of women who by birth and edu- 
cation are unfitted for the ordinary charitable institutions. 1 
could give you several examples among applicants for admis 
sion to our home ; women who a few years ago were sur- 
rounded by every luxury wealth could devise or heart desire, 
but who to-day through misfortune or the passing away of 
loved ones are suffering abject poverty. 

It is hard for youth to battle through life against poverty, 
but they have a future before them, something to hope for, 
something to work for ; but our aged, what have they but 
memories ! How true it is that "sorrow's crown of sorrows 
is remembering happier things" ! 

It was truly a brave undertaking; and while the countn 
has been drained to send help to those suffering from the 
terrors of the gruesome war, we have raised over $5,000. We 
should be congratulated on the work we have achieved under 
the existing conditions ; but so thoroughly understood is the 
feeling that our tenderest consideration should be for the 
aged that, it matters not what urgent needs develop, when the 
time and call for contributions arrive the care of the aged 
has the first claim on our hearts and purses. 

Our work has progressed despite the wave of financial de- 
pression which has swept our country, but the time has come 
when we ask assistance from our Daughters. We need $4,000 
to finish our improvements, put in our lights and heating plant, 
and we beg you whose religion is founded on charity and 
patriotism to give us a helping hand to aid us to complete 
our memorial. And as the shadows of little day in which 
these dear old people are now sojourning lengthen out toward 
the most perfect day to which they are fast approaching and 
the eventide of life's brief journey is gathering its gray mists 
around them help us, who regard it as a blessed privilege to 
guide with loving care their weary footsteps to the threshold 
of that door which sooner or later will open for us all. 

It is our wish and hope that U. D. C. Chapters will furnish 
and endow for $1,000 the room on the ground floor adjoining 
the Seventeenth Virginia Regiment Chapter room, to be used 
for the widow or daughter of a veteran who can be sent to 
us from any part of Virginia. 

Our home is paid for ; we have no debt, and up to this 
time $1,500 has been paid for improvements, and we are 
incorporated under the State laws of Virginia. 

It is not our wish to make the Anne Lee Memorial Home 
for the Aged a local institution; it should be a memorial made 
by Southern women. And we appeal not only to U. D. C 
Chapters, but to every Southern woman individually to give 
$1 (or more) to an endowment fund. We feel so fully as- 
sured of your sympathy and interest that we are satisfied we 
shall not ask in vain. We trust that our Daughters as a whole 
will respond with widespread enthusiasm to this appeal. Do 
not let us fee! that outside interest is greater than ours. 

In conclusion, let me say in regard to personal donation, 
as this home is a memorial to a mother, make your gift 
to us in the name of your own mother. She may still be with 
you, guarded by your tender love and care, or she may have 
passed on to the beyond, leaving in your hearts a heritage 
of loving memories. Keep the holiness of the Anne Lee Me- 
morial work ever before you, and let each and every one give 
as best he can to the earnest workers who are striving to ful- 
fill our dear Lord's teaching in caring for his children. 



54 



^or?federat^ l/eterap. 



LAST SURVIVOR OF THE ORIGINAL CON- 
FEDERATE STATES CONGRESS. 



In the fullness of years, Judge J. A. P. Campbell, eminent 
jurist of Mississippi, died at his home, in Jackson, Miss., on 
January 10, 1917. He had reached the ripe age of -eighty- 
seven years. 

Of the forty-nine members of the first Provisional Con- 
gress of the seceding States meeting at Montgomery, Ala., in 
February, 1861, there is now not a survivor. The death of 
Judge Campbell marks the passing of the last of this famous 
body of men sent by the States of Alabama, Mississippi, Geor- 
gia, South Carolina, Florida, Louisiana, and Texas to organ- 
ize the Confederate government and the last of the signers of 
the Confederate Constitution. He was only thirty-one when 
appointed a member of the delegation sent by Mississippi. 
youngest of the seven representatives of that State and also 
the youngest member of that Congress. 

Josiah A. P. Campbell was born in South Carolina March 
2, 1830, and went to Madison County, Miss., with his parents 
in 1845. His father was a well-known Presbyterian minister, 
a graduate of Princeton University. From his earliest years 
the son seemed to have a natural aptitude for the law, and 
he became a close student of the profession, beginning his 
practice at Kosciusko in 1847 when but seventeen years of 
age. At twenty-one he was elected to the State legislature, 
and five years later he was Speaker of the House of Repre- 
sentatives. He was also serving in that capacity in 1861 when 
the question of secession aroused the Southland. As one oi 
the leaders in affairs of State, he was a member of the Con- 
stitutional Convention of Mississippi which adopted the ordi- 
nance of secession, and his appointment as one of the dele- 
gates sent by that State to the first constitutional convention 
of the Confederacy naturally followed. His associates were 
Wiley P. Harris, W. S. Wilson, Walker Brooke, A. M. Clay- 
ton, W. S. Barry, and James T. Harrison. 

Some years ago, in reminiscing on the Confederacy's birth, 
Judge Campbell referred to the Congress as "a very able body 
of men, as the States had as a rule selected leaders to rep- 
resent them on that occasion." He further said : "I cannot 
recall all the members representing the six States that par- 
ticipated, but some of them stand out to my mind's eye now 
with wonderful clearness and distinctness. The South Caro- 
lina delegation was led by Robert Barnwell Rhett, a very able 
man, with a list of strong associates. Toombs, Stephens, and 
Cobb stood out conspicuously among the Georgians. Louisi- 
ana had Judah P. Benjamin; Conrad, himself an ex-Secretary 
of War; Slidell, Kenner, Sparrow, and others whom I do not 
at this moment recall. J. L. M. Curry was of the Alabama 
delegation." 

After the organization of the Confederate government. 
Judge Campbell returned to Mississippi and took up arms for 
his State, serving as captain, lieutenant colonel, and colonel. 
As lieutenant colonel of the 40th Mississippi he led that regi- 
ment in the battles of Shiloh, Iuka. and in other engagements 
and activities along the Tennessee Valley. He was severely 
wounded during his service and after recovering became a 
member of the judicial arm of the struggling Confederacy, 
and so continued until the surrender at Appomattox. 

Going back to his State, full of energy and determination, 
he again built up his law practice. In 1865 he was elected 
judge of the fifth circuit district; but in the next year, during 
the regime of carpetbaggery, he refused to take the oath of 
renunciation, so left the bench and resumed his law practice, 
in which he later became associated with Judge S. S. Cal- 



houn until 1S84, when he was appointed as a member of the 
Supreme Court of Mississippi by Governor Stone. It was 
here that Judge Campbell rendered his most conspicuous pub- 
lic service. During the sixteen years he was on the supreme 
bench he was absent from his post only fourteen days. He 
was considered one of the soundest lawyers of the State and 




HON. J. A. P. CAMPBELL, l86l. 

was one of the three commissioners appointed to codify the 
statutes of Mississippi in 1870, and in 1878 he prepared a new 
legislative code of nearly two hundred sections. He was the 
acknowledged head of the Mississippi bar, the most clear- 
headed law giver and law adviser within the State, and to him 
many lawyers, judges, and practitioners turned for enlighten- 
ment through the medium of his ripe and conservative judg- 
ment and counsel. 

In honor of this distinguished citizen the State offices were 
closed and the Capitol draped in mourning, while the schools 
of Jackson were suspended for half a day. fhe body of Judge 
Campbell lay in state in the rotunda of the Capitol until the 
hour of the funeral, hundreds of friends and relatives and 
other citizens of neighboring towns looking for the last time 
upon the face of the "Grand Old Man of Mississippi," as he 
was deservedly referred to. Many handsome floral designs 
were banked about the casket and hall. The funeral services 
were held at the First Baptist Church, of which Judge Camp- 
bell had been a member for many years. The honorary pall- 
bearers were members of R. A. Smith Camp. U. C. V., and 
of the bench and bar of Mississippi, while the active pall- 
bearers were his grandsons. 

In 1850, shortly after he was twenty years old, Judge Camp- 
bell was married to Miss Eugenia Nash, and they lived hap- 
pily together for fifty-six years. Five sons and three daugh- 
ters were born to them, of whom two sons and two daughters 
survive: Robert B. Campbell, of Greenville, Miss.; Newton 
N. Campbell, of Greenville, Tex. ; Mrs. Minnie Dameron, with 
whom he lived ; and Mrs. Edward Yerger, of Jackson. 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai}. 



55 



A NOTED LAW CLASS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF 
VIRGINIA. 

[The annual address by Col. W. Gordon McCabe before 
the Virginia Historical Society as its President on March 20. 
1916, contained a tribute to the late Judge Theodore S. Gar- 
nett, whose death occurred in April, 1915. In reviewing the 
life of this friend and comrade. Colonel McCabe tells of his 
entering the law school of the University of Virginia just 
after the war. sustained by the meager fund which his im- 
mediate family could supply, and he takes occasion to refer to 
the personnel of the class in which Judge Garnett was one of 
many who became distinguished in their life work.] 

And just here it is not only pertinent, but indeed necessary 
even in so slight a sketch as this, that we should pause and 
consider the unique conditions that existed at the university 
during the two sessions — 1805-66 and 1866-67 — when Garnet) 
was attending lectures there in the law school. To essay 
this may seem to some an irrelevant excursus, but this is far 
from true. We must know something of his environment 
during those years that ushered in his formal manhood if 
we would know the man himself. 

As the conditions that existed were unique, equally unique 
was the "atmosphere" thej created -an atmosphere which tin 
youthful student drank in with full lungs and which inspired 
in him those lofty ideals as to the conduct of life that were to 
inform well-nigh every act and utterance of his maturer years 
Never before and ne\er since have there been two such ses- 
sions in the history of the great institution which is the pride 
of the commonwealth and of the whole South. It was a 
veritable era of "plain living and high thinking." The Stat 
harried by four yens oi devastating war. lay prostrate and 
could extend hut imager help to "the child of Jefferson's old 
age." Everywhere were the outward signs of what is called 
"poverty." hut it was the poverty which the gT< I 
tragedian in a well-known fragment calls "the stern parent 
who breeds the more strenuous sons better fitted for the 
sirife of life." Beside such poverty, the "pauperies nitida" 
of tin Roman poet, the smug luxury of the rich foundations 
"i this commercial aye seems mean and tawdry. 

\n.r was there gathered within "the well-remembered 
gates of Alma Mater" such a band of determined students, a 
very large proportion oi them, though young in years, vet- 
erans of Lee's army, who every day went to class in their 
faded old uniforms, making mcrrv over the silly order oi tin 
military satrap who at the time reigned over "District No. 

1." as "the mother ol presidents" was then designated, re- 
quiring them and all other old soldiers to cover carefully the 

military buttons on their "lighting jackets." Richard ('our 
ile lion was siUi "iii every hush" No doubt the "district 
commander." they Soliloquized, was an ass to descend to 
such pettiness, hut let it go; as for themselves, they had no 
time to give to him and his covering of buttons. 

The perils and privations they had undergone had sobered 
them beyond their years; vet withal they were a cheerful set. 
full of health and vigor. save 111 a few e.is. s. and touched with 
a natural exaltation at tin thought that they had done their 
duty as good soldiers, as was attested by the many honorable 
wounds they could count among them; that they had stuck 
10 "( lU Mars Robert" 10 the last and "seen the thing 
through"; and now here they were, safe and sound, with still 
a fighting chance to retrieve in some measure the educational 
sacrifices thev had cheerfullx made for hearth and home and 
country. 



Optimism disdained to "consider too curiously" the very 
palpable res angusta. They wanted so little that they felt 
they still had much. Even if things were ill to-day, it should 
not be so to-morrow. Hadn't Horace said the identical thing 
nearly two thousand years ago? 

"Xon si male nunc, et olim 
Sic erit." 

And so they buckled afresh to their tasks with hearts as 
high as when they charged with Stuart at Aldie or went up 
the slopes of Cemetery Ridge. 

Never before was the tie so close between professors and 
students, for it was the tie of comradeship, than which none 
on earth is stronger. The professorial staff was, indeed. 
small, but it was of the first order. Many of its members had 
been trained in the best universities at home and abroad, and. 
lired by unselfish devotion to their State and a proper priek 
in their calling, they ga\c without stint the best that was in 
them to their pupils, quite content to share the common lack 
and to labor for the most meager stipend. 

Some changes had come about in the personnel of the 
faculty since the university had practically closed its doors 
111 '62 and been turned into a hospital, but they were not 
many. 

Albert Taylor Bledsoe, professor of mathematics, who had 
been at West Point with Jefferson Davis and been appointed 
by him at the outbreak of hostilities Assistant Secretary of 
War. had, it is true, resigned his chair and gone his way to 
Baltimore to edit the Southern Review and to write his fa- 
mous book, "Is Davis a Traitor?" which carried consterna- 
11011 into tin ranks of radical demagogues, who had been 
clamoring for President l'avis's blood, and which by its in- 
exorable logic and wealth of constitutional learning drove the 
reluctant law officers of the government to advise the dis- 
missal of the indictments against the Confederate executive. 
Mr. Davis was never tried, because the Federal government 
was afraid to try him. 

But Bhdsoe's chair hail he e 11 taken by Col. Charles Scott 
Venablc. a brilliant mathematician trained in Germany, whose 
martial face anil figure were familiar on every battle field to 
old soldiers, who knew him as one of Lee's most alert and 
daring stall offil ers 

Lewis Minor Coleman, professor of Latin, the gentle 
scholar, whom some of us — the lingering few — still hold fast 
in our "heart of hearts." had fallen mortally wounded amid 
his blackened guns in the moment of victory on the snow- 
clad heights of Fredericksburg, lieutenant colonel of the 1st 
Virginia Artillery : hut in his place came in '66 William E. 
Peters, also trained in Germany, who as colonel of the 21st 
Virginia Cavalry had fallen desperately wounded in the fierce 
cavalry combat at Moorefield and been left for elead on that 
sanguinary field. 

Yet another there is of these fighting professors who should 
find mention here. Basil L. Gildersleeve, now of the Johns- 
Hopkins University, the greatest Grecian of our time and one 
of the greatest scholars of any time, long since so recognized 
both in Germany and in England, who, still limping heavily 
from the grievous wound received in the Valley while serv- 
ing on John B. Gordon's staff, might be seen daily making his 
way to his lecture room, where he expomnlcd meire brilliantly 
than ever to his eager class out of bis own experiences in the 
field the varying fortunes of the Peloponnesian War as set 
down in the matchless pages of Thucydides. elucidating many 
a puzzling hit of strategy by apt illustrations drawn from 



56 



Qopfederat^ l/eterap. 



the recent contest, in which professor and pupils had alike 
borne honorable part as tried comrades. Not seldom, too, 
would this great scholar relax for a brief space his inexorable 
syntactical grilling and enliven the close of the lecture hour 
by reading aloud (the reading punctured by tumultuous ap- 
plause) his own exquisite and inspiring translations of the 
marching songs of Tyrtxus, the rush of whose swift anapests 
recalled to his delighted hearers the lilt of their own war 
songs, which they had sung, it seemed, but yesterday to the 
rhythmic beat of tramping feet as they swung down the 
Valley Pike under old Stonewall. 

Others among the instructors had also served their State 
in arms, but we may not pause longer to make mention of 
them. 

In the law class with Garnett what a bede roll had we but 
time to call it! 

John W. Daniel, still on his crutches (as he was to the last 
day of his brilliant career) from the frightful wound he had 
received at the Wilderness in 1864, and Thomas S. Martin, 
who, too young to enter the army until the last year of the 
war, had yet seen active service in the Cadet Corps of the 
Virginia Military Institute, sat beside him on the rude wooden 
benches, both of them destined to represent Virginia for 
many years in the Senate of the United States. There too, of 
scarcely less note in after years, sat the brilliant Upshur 
Dennis, of Maryland, Lunsford Lomax Lewis, of Rocking- 
ham (afterwards on the bench of the Supreme Court of Vir- 
ginia), and Edward Christian Minor, who had lost his arm in 
a cavalry skirmish at Luray in the Valley — all destined to 
become judges of note who did honor to the ermine. 

Other future judges there were among these classmates of 
Garnett's, who himself became judge, and, in addition, a sur- 
prising number of men who in after years attained notable 
distinction in their profession, among them William H. White. 
who, be it noted, had taken part as a Virginia Military Insti- 
tute cadet in the thrice-glorious battle of Newmarket and 
who became later on Garnett's law partner in a firm whose 
high reputation extended far beyond the boundaries of their 
native State. 

One cannot resist the temptation to set down here that his 
most intimate friend (not, however, in the law school) was 
the late Joseph Bryan, so long the -beloved president of this 
society, his old chum at the Episcopal High School, who had 
been twice wounded while serving as a simple trooper under 
the dashing Mosby. Another of these intimates, also in the 
Academic Department, was the lovable and talented Frank 
Preston, of Lexington, who, like Minor, had lost an arm in 
battle (brave old Frank with the empty sleeve) and who, 
after a brilliant record for headlong valor in the field and an 
equally brilliant record for exquisite scholarship in the uni- 
versities at home and in Germany, was struck down by fell 
disease in the full flush of his young manhood. 

Was there ever a nobler, a more inspiring chapter in the 
educational history of any people? It is a chapter unwritten 
before, so far as is known to us, and written here only in 
part. But, such as it is, we hold that it finds a fitting place 
in the proceedings of this society, whose aim and purpose it 
is to preserve and transmit to posterity the veracious record 
of Virginia's glory, not alone in Colonial and Revolutionary 
times, but down through all the centuries, culminating in those 
heroic days of 1861-65, when our mother attained what future 
ages will haply hold the supreme height of her great renown. 



PERILS OF STAFF SERVICE 

[During the last two years of the war Maj. Robert R 
Henry, of Virginia, served on the staffs of Gens. R. H. Ander- 
son and William Mahone. He was three times wounded and 
had five horses killed under him. The following incidents of 
thrilling experience in such capacity are taken from a tribute 
prepared by James P. Whitman, part of which was published 
as a memorial sketch in the Veteran for March. 1916, page 
126.] 

In relating his participation in the battle of Gettysburg, 
serving on the staff of Gen. R. H. Anderson, Major Henry 
told of being sent by the General with orders to the division, 
which at that time was under a severe fire from the enemy's 
batteries. Before he realized the position in which he was 
placed, he encountered a sweeping and withering fire of 
shrapnel and ball so furious and constant that nothing could 
remain in it alive. After his horse was shot from under him, 
he threw himself flat on the earth behind a small tree, with 
his head close to the trunk. The shells having cut the tree 
almost in two, and fearing it would fall upon and crush him. 
he arose and fled to a different section of the division, de- 
livered the orders, and returned to the General without re- 
civing a wound — a perilous escape. 

The duties of an aid-de-camp on the staff of a fighting gen- 
eral were not those of inaction or sought after by the timid 
In the latter part of 1864 Gen. G. K. Warren, the Federal 
commander, had forced back the right wing of Gen. R. E. 
Lee's army and taken possession of the Weldon Railroad 
leading from Petersburg; but, unfortunately for Warren, he 
had not connected his right with the left of the Federal lines 
and thus left a gap through which Mahone moved his di- 
vision and attacked Warren's flank and rear. The fighting 
was severe, and Mahone's Division was about to be cut off 
and annihilated. Mahone had sent Major Henry to Gen. 
A. P. Hill for reenforcements, requesting that Gen. Harry 
Heth's division connect with his lines. But Hill was so hard 
pressed that he could not comply. After passing through a 
dense thicket of pines in the execution of this order, Major 
Henry discovered in a large clearing some distance in his 
front what seemed to be two batteries of artillery supported 
by infantry, with a train of ambulances. Seeing that he 
would be captured if he attempted to cross or flank their line, 
he turned back to report the situation. He had not gone far 
when, at a sharp turn in the path a short distance from where 
he left General Mahone, he suddenly came upon a Federal 
officer and another mounted man. They were bewildered, 
evidently lost. Henry drew his Remington revolver and de- 
manded their surrender, which they did without resisting. 
The pistol was a relic of the Crater and was not in shooting 
order. He returned to General Mahone with his captives 
and reported the reason for his failure to find General Hill 
Mahone directed him to take the prisoners to division head- 
quarters, from which he returned riding the horse of Col 
William Ross Hartshorne, one of the prisoners captured. 

In assisting to extricate Mahone's Division from this peri- 
lous position, with no hope of reenforcements, Major Henry 
was severely wounded at Burgess Mill on the 27th of Octo- 
ber, 1864, and was unable afterwards to return to duty. Gen- 
eral Mahone in his report highly complimented him for his 
gallant action. Major Henry had a horse shot under him at 
Gettysburg, another at the Wilderness, one at Spotsylvania. 
and three around Petersburg, Va., including: the ©ne captured 
from Colonel Hartshorne, two of them being wounded twice. 



Qoofederat^ l/eterap. 



57 



THE HAMPTON ROADS CONFERENCE. 

BY JULIAN S. CARR, DURHAM, N. C. 

The True Story of the Hampton Roads Conference between 
President Lincoln and William H. Seward, on One Side, 
and Alexander H. Stephens and Other Confederate Com- 
missioners, on the Other Side. 

A Refutation of the Statement That Mr. Lincoln Told Alex- 
ander Stephens That if He Were Permitted to Write "Un- 
ion" at the Top the South Might Fill in the Balance. 

A Demonstration That Mr. Stephens Never Made Any Such 
Report. 

It is common to hear that President Lincoln at the Hamp- 
ton Roads Conference during the War between the States 
said to Vice President Stephens something like this : "Let me 
write 'Union' at the top of a sheet of paper, and you may 
write after it whatever you please." 

The effect of the story as it is generally told is to make a 
good impression about President Lincoln and a bad impres- 
sion about President Davis; the one big-souled and yielding 
and the other blind and self-destructive. 

The beginnings of the story seem to have been very early 
The conference was held on February 3, 1865, and on Feb- 
ruary 6 the Louisville Democrat contained this item: 

"According to the Herald's (New York) correspondent, the 
President (Lincoln) is reported to have proposed to Messrs. 
Stephens, Hunter, and Campbell (Confederate commissioners) 
Aat if they were prepared to promise the return of their 




JULIAN S. CARR, 
Past Commander Army of Northern Virginia Department, 

u. v. c. 



States to the Union he was ready to wave all minor questions 
but that of Chief Magistrate of the republic, sworn to main 
tain the Union and laws." 

Then in the Augusta (Ga.) Chronicle and Sentinel there 
appeared in the issue of June 7, 1865, what purported to be 
an interview with Vice President Stephens about the Hamp- 
ton Roads Conference. 1 (It will be shown later that Mr 
Stephens repeatedly and even bitterly complained about the 
incorrectness and injustice of this article.) 

Then Judge John H. Reagan in his "Memoirs" (page 177 | 
mentions the names of four persons who averred that Mr. 
Stephens himself was the original author of the story— to wit: 
The Hon. Henry Watterson, of Kentucky: the Rev. E. M 
Green, of Kentucky; Dr. R. J. Massey, of Georgia; and Mr 
Howell, of Georgia. These persons are quoted as saying that 
they heard Mr, Stephens himself expressly assert it. 

In addition to these. Mr. Henry Watterson, in the Louisville 
Courier-Journal of June 20. 1916, avers that Mr. Stephens 
on the night of his arrival in Richmond from Hampton Roads 
told this story to "Mr. Felix G. de Fontaine, with whom he 
lodged and who, when the facts were disputed, made oath to 
the truth of them." In the same editorial Mr. Watterson says 
Mr. Stephens said it to him personally. 

So the authorship of this story about Union and the sheet 
of paper is charged to Mr. Alexander H. Stephens, Vice 
President of the Confederacy and a member of the Hampton 
Roads Conference. 

The purpose of this paper is to examine the available sources 
of information and follow the data to such a conclusion as 
the records may warrant. In its preparation the following 
have been examined and are the basis of its conclusions : 
Augusta Chronicle and Sentinel, June 7, 1865 
Louisville Democrat. February 6, 1865. 
Louisville Courier-Journal. May 2, ipi6. 
Louisville Courier-Journal. June 20, 1016. 
Lincoln's "Message to House." February 10. 1865. ("War 
of the Rebellion," Series [., Volume XLVL. page 505.) 

Lincoln's "Instructions 10 Seward." January 51, 1865 
("War of the Rebellion," Ibid.) 
Lincoln's Life." by Nicolay and Hay. Volume X 
Seward's "Letter to Adams." ("War of the Rebellion.' 
Series III., Volume IV. pages 1163-1164.) 

"Report of Confederate Commissioners," February 5, 1865 
I "War of the Rebellion." Series I.. Volume XLVL. page 446.) 
Davis's "Message to Congress." February 6. 1865. "War 
of the Rebellion," Series I., Volume XLVL, page 446.) 

Davis's "Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government." 
Volume II.. pages fiii-620. 

Stephens's "War between the States," Volume II. Chapter 
XIII. Published 1870. 
Stephens's "Pictorial History of the United States." 
Stephens's "Recollections," diary kept while a prisoner ai 
Fort Warren: sixteen references to Hampton Roads Confer 
once. 

"Stephens's Letters and Speeches." by Henry Cleveland, 
pages 108-200. Published 1866. 

"Stephens's Life." by Pendleton, pages 330-342. Published 
1008. 

Stephens's five articles in controversy with B. H. Hill in 
Atlanta Herald. April 17, May 8, 25, 31, June 5, 1874. 

Campbell's "Recollections." (Southern Magazine, Decem- 
ber, 1874, page 191.) 

Hunter's "Account." ("Southern Historical Society Pa- 
pers," Volume III., page 175. April, 1877.) 



58 



^opfederat^ l/eteran 



Goode"s "Account." "The Forum." Volume XXIX., pages 
92-103. March, 1900.) 

Hill's "Life, Letters, and Speeches," page 399. 

Hill's "Unwritten History of Hampton Roads Conference," 
Atlanta Herald May 3, 1874. 

Reagan's "Memoirs," Chapter XIII. Published 1906. 

Gordon's "Reminiscences." 

Watterson's "Might-Have-Beens of History," Courier- 
Journal May 2 and June 20, 1916. 

This conference was held February 3. 1865. Its object was 
to find, if possible, some terms of ending the war between 
the Northern and Southern States. It was brought about by 
Francis P. Blair, Sr.. an influential journalist of Washington. 
He was a native of Abingdon, Va., had lived in Kentucky, 
but was at this time a citizen of Maryland. He was a Demo- 
crat and had been a personal friend of President Davis, but 
had supported Lincoln for President and fellowshipped with 
the North during the war. 

Blair thought peace might be brought about by getting the 
two governments to suspend hostilities against each other and 
join their forces in a common campaign against Maximilian 
and the French in Mexico in an application of the Monroe 
Doctrine. He surmised that by the time this task should be 
finished and because it would have been jointly done the ani- 
mosities between the two sections would be so assuaged that 
the North and South could settle their differences without 
further bloodshed. He presented his idea first of all to Presi- 
dent Lincoln, who gave him a passport to Richmond. There 
he laid his project before President Davis in a private inter- 
view. Mr. Davis first satisfied himself that he was an in- 
formal, though unofficial, representative of President Lincoln, 
made a written memorandum of the interview, submitted the 
same to Blair for his approval of its correctness, and on Jan- 
uary 12, 1865, gave him a note, in which he said : 

"I am willing now, as heretofore, to enter into negotiations 
for the restoration of peace." 

Blair received this note, took it to Washington, and showed 
it to President Lincoln. He then brought back to Richmond 
a note dated January 18, 1865, in which Mr. Lincoln said : 

"I have constantly been, am now, and shall continue ready 
to receive any agent whom he or any other influential person 
now resisting national authority may informally send me with 
a view of securing peace to the people of our common coun- 
try." 

The way was thus cleared for both Presidents to appoint 
conferees and arrange for the meeting. 

President Davis appointed three commissioners : Vice Presi- 
dent Alexander H. Stephens, Senator Robert M. T. Hunter, 
and Assistant Secretary of War John A. Campbell. He thus 
intrusted the mission to the gentleman most likely to succeed. 
All three of them were known to the public as critics of Mr. 
Davis's administration of Confederate affairs. They per- 
sistently believed that the war could be settled by negotiation 
if only a fair trial were made. They were at least in as good 
favor at Washington as any men who could be selected, par- 
ticularly Mr. Stephens. He and Mr. Lincoln had been fellow 
Whigs and personal friends, and Mr. Lincoln had expressed 
a desire that he might have him as a member of his Cabinet. 
He had been opposed to secession from the beginning and 
had all along been an aggressive advocate of peace by nego- 
tiation. The Northern papers of the day were diligently cir- 
culating the report that he was on the eve of severing his con- 
nection with the Richmond government and the cause of the 
South. Mr. Hunter was a leading malcontent in the Confed- 



erate Senate, and Mr. Lincoln was known to entertain a very 
high regard for Judge Campbell. Mr. Davis, furthermore, 
knew that he himself was bitterly disliked at Washington, and 
this animosity toward him personally would likely handicap 
any negotiations for peace. He also well understood that if 
the conference should fail all the blame and censure would 
be heaped upon him. So he selected conferees who could 
most likely get favorable terms for the South. He gave his 
commissioners the following instructions : 

"Richmond January 28, 1865. 
"In conformity with the letter of Mr. Lincoln, of which the 
foregoing is a copy, you are to proceed to Washington City 
for an informal conference with him upon the issues involved 
in the existing war and for the purpose of securing peace to 
the two countries. 

"With great respect, your obedient servant. 

Jefferson Davis." 

He thus left his commissioners untfammeled. The confer- 
ence they were to go to was to me "informal." The matters 
they were to confer about were "the issues involved in the 
existing war." The object which they were to seek was 
"peace to the two countries." There were no supplementary 
oral instructions which "tied their hands." Their powers 
were unqualified except by the terms of the President's writ- 
ten note. There were "two countries" at the moment this note 
was given, but he did not bind the commissioners to make 
such a settlement as would leave "two countries" in existence 
after the conference. The clause about the "two countries" 
was merely descriptive of the status quo at the beginning of 
the conference. 

President Lincoln appointed as his representative his Sec- 
retary of State, W. II. Seward, known by every one to be un- 
usually astute, if not foxy, and bitterly hostile to the South. 
He gave him the following instructions, specifically defining 
what he was to require as "indispensable" : 

Fxkcutive Mansion, January 31, 1865. 

"Hon. William II. Seivard, Secretary of State: You will 
proceed to Fortress Monroe, Va., there to meet and informally 
confer with Messrs. Stephens, Hunter, and Campbell on the 
basis of my letter to F. P. Blair. Esq., of January 18, 1865. a 
copy of which you have. You will make known to them that 
three things are indispensable — to wit: (1) the restoration of 
the national authority throughout all the States; (2) no re- 
ceding by the executive of the United States on the slavery' 
question from the position assumed thereon in the late annual 
message to Congress and in the preceding documents; (3) no 
cessation of hostilities short of an end of the war and the dis- 
banding of all the forces hostile to the government. You will 
inform them that all propositions of theirs not inconsistent 
with the above will be considered and passed upon in a spirit 
of sincere liberality. You will hear all that they may choose 
to say and report to me. You will not assume to definitely 
consummate anything. 

"Yours, etc., Abraham Lincoln/' 

Mr. Seward was thus instructed by his President to require 
three things as "indispensable" preliminaries to any subse- 
quent terms: (1) Submission, (2) emancipation, (3) disband- 
ment of the Southern armies. Nothing was to be entertained 
"inconsistent" with these demands. 

After many difficulties and much dispatching, the confer- 
ence was held, not at Washington, but at Hampton Roads on 
February 3. 1865. When the Confederate commissioners 



Qopfederat^ l/eterap. 



59 



reached the place of meeting, they found that President Lin- 
coln himself had joined Mr. Seward. 

The conference was held in the saloon of the River Queen, 
a small steamer, anchored out in the stream for the sake of 
greater privacy. The meeting lasted for four hours. It was 
held behind closed doors. Messrs. Lincoln, Seward, Stephens, 
Hunter, and Campbell were all present throughout the entire 
time. Besides these five, no other person entered the room, 
except that once a negro servant came in and was promptly 
sent out. At the outset the wily Seward proposed that there 
be no secretary and nothing like minutes. So no written 
memorandum of anything said or done was made at the time. 

What, then, did transpire at this conference? What terms 
of peace were offered to the Confederate commissioners? It 
would seem to be easy to answer this question, because every 
member of the conference, the only ones who could possibly 
know, has written and printed and given to the public each 
his own account of what did occur. And every one of these 
accounts agree. There is no variation as to the substantive 
terms that were there proposed. And yet there has been much 
discussion down to the present day as to what was precisely 
proposed to the South at that conference. Some contend that 
the only terms offered were "unconditional submission." 
Others contend that President Lincoln said to Mr. Stephens, 
the chairman of the Confederate representatives, words to this 
effect: "Stephens, let me write 'union,' and you can write 
after it what you please." And so the great-hearted and 
generous-minded Lincoln offered them reconciliation and 
peace on their own terms! 

Now let us carefully examine all the available sources of 
information on this subject and accept the conclusion to which 
they lead. 

President Lincoln's Account. 

The contemporary newspapers of the day filled all the pub- 
lic mind with conjectural reports of what had taken place at 
Hampton Roads. For example, the Louisville Democrat in 
its issue of February 6, 1865, contained this item : 

"According to the Herald's correspondent, the President is 
reported to have proposed to Messrs. Stephens, Hunter, and 
Campbell that if they were prepared to promise the return of 
their States to the Union he was ready to waive all minor 
questions but that of Chief Magistrate of the republic, sworn 
to maintain the Union and laws." 

Then the Herald under the same date gives another cur- 
rent report to the effect that "no concession or promise was 
made by him [Lincoln] in the least degree yielding. - ' 

These conflicting newspaper stories led the Federal House 
of Representatives on February 8 to pass a resolution, request- 
ing President Lincoln himself to give a true account of what 
did happen at Hampton Roads. He complied with this re- 
quest, and on February 10 sent an official message to the 
House, purporting to give a correct account of the matter. 
In this message he first quotes all the letters and telegrams 
and communications leading up to the conference and then 
concludes with these words: 

"On the morning of the 3d the gentlemen, Messrs. Stephens, 
Hunter, and Campbell, came aboard our steamer and had an 
interview with the Secretary of State and myself of several 
hours' duration. No question of preliminaries to the meeting 
was then and there made or mentioned. No other person 
was present. No papers were exchanged or produced, and it 
was in advance agreed that the conversation was to be in- 
formal and verbal merely. On my part the whole substance 
of the instructions to the Secretary of State, hereinbefore re- 
2** 



cited, was stated and insisted upon, and nothing was said in- 
consistent therewith. * * * The conference ended without 
result. The foregoing, containing, as is believed, all the in- 
formation sought, is respectfully submitted." ("War of the 
Rebellion," Series I., Volume XLVL, pages 505-513.) 

Mr. Lincoln being the reporter, what did he offer at Hamp- 
ton Roads? He says, "On my part * * * nothing was 
said inconsistent" with his instructions to Secretary Seward, 
and he had instructed Seward to demand three things: (1) 
Submission to national authority, (2) emancipation of the 
negroes, (3) disbandment of Confederate armies. But if he 
said, as is alleged, "Let me write 'union,' and you can write 
what you please," he said something seriously "inconsistent" 
with his instructions to Secretary Seward, and his message 
was not honest and truthful. It is unbelievable that Mr. Lin- 
coln did thus misrepresent the facts to the House. What he 
himself substantively says he demanded at Hampton Roads 
was equal to "unconditional submission." 

Secretary Seward's Account. 

This is found in a letter to Charles Francis Adams, United 
States Minister to London. This letter was dated February 
7, 1865. four days after the conference, and is printed in the 
"War of the Rebellion," Series III., Volume IV.. pages 1163- 
1164. In it Mr. Seward says: 

"The President 'announced that we can agree to no cessa- 
tion or suspension of hostilities except on the basis of the 
disbandment of the insurgent forces and the restoration of 
national authority throughout all the States in the Union. 
Collaterally, * * * the President announced that he must 
not be expected to depart from \he positions he had hereto- 
fore assumed in his proclamation of emancipation. * * * 
It was further declared by the President that the complete 
restoration of the national authority everywhere was an in- 
dispensable condition of any assent on our part to whatever 
form of peace might be proposed.' " 

This is not the entire letter, but there is nothing in it which 
can possibly be construed as inconsistent with what is quoted. 
Mr. Seward here asserts that the President announced as "in- 
dispensable" preconditions: (1) "The disbandment of the in- 
surgent forces," (2) the maintenance of "his proclamation of 
emancipation," and (3) "the complete restoration of the na- 
tional authority." All of this means "unconditional submis- 
sion" and is absolutely inconsistent with anything even ap- 
proximating. "You can have union on your own terms." 

Report of the Confederate Commissioners. 

On their return from the Hampton Roads Conference the 
three Confederate commissioners made a unanimous report 
of what took place at the meeting. As you read it, as copied 
below, notice whether there is anything in it that even sounds 
like Lincoln saying, "Stephens, let me write 'union,' and you 
can write what you please" : 

"Richmond, Va.. February 5, 1865. 
'To the President of the Confederate States — Sir: Under 
your letter of appointment of the 28th ult. we proceeded to 
seek an 'informal conference' with Abraham Lincoln, Presi- 
dent of the United States, upon the subject mentioned in the 
letter. The conference was granted and took place on the 3d 
inst. on board of a steamer in Hampton Roads, where we met 
President Lincoln and the Hon. Mr. Seward, Secretary of 
State of the United States. It continued for several hours 
and was both full and explicit. 



6o 



Qopfederat^ l/eteraij. 



"We learned from them that the message of President Lin- 
coln to the Congress of the United States in December last 
explains oiearly and distinctly his sentiments as to the terms, 
conditions, and methods of proceeding by which peace can 
be secured to the people, and we were not informed that they 
would be modified or altered to obtain that end. We under- 
stand from him that no terms or proposals of any treaty or 
agreement looking to an ultimate settlement would be enter- 
tained or made by him with the Confederate States, because 
that would be a recognition of their existence as a separate 
power, which under no circumstances would be done, and for 
this reason that no such terms would be entertained by him 
from the States separately, that no extended truce or armis- 
tice, as at present advised, would be granted without a satis- 
factory assurance in advance of a complete restoration of the 
authority of the United States over all places within the States 
of the Confederacy. 

"That whatever consequences may follow from the reestab- 
lishment of that authority must be accepted, but that individ- 
uals, subject to pains and penalties under the laws of the 
United States, might rely upon a very liberal use of the power 
confided to him to remit those pains and penalties if peace be 
restored. 

"During the conference the proposed amendment to the Con- 
stitution of the United States, adopted by Congress on the 
31st ult., was brought to our notice. This amendment declares 
that neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except for 
crimes, should exist within the United States or any place 
within their jurisdiction and that Congress should have power 
to enforce this amendment by appropriate legislation. Of all 
the correspondence that preceded the conference herein men- 
tioned and leading to the same you have been informed. 

"Very respectfully your obedient servants, 

Alexander H. Stephens, 
Robert M. T. Hunter, 
John A. Campbell." 

("War of the Rebellion," Series I., Volume XLVL, page 
446; Stephens's "War between the States," Volume II., page 
792.) 

These three signers were competent to tell what transpired 
at the Hampton Roads Conference, because they were there 
from its beginning to its end and participated in all its de- 
liberations. Their summing up of the matter was deliberate 
and was submitted as their official account of what took place. 
They had every reason to believe that whatever they said 
would affect the conduct of the President of the Confederacy, 
of his Congress, of his military department, and react upon 
the public sentiment of the Southern people. We must be- 
lieve that their report was serious and that they intended to 
put Mr. Davis in possession of the exact state of Mr. Lin- 
coln's mind as to the ending of the hostilities between the two 
sections. We cannot imagine that they were trifling or sup- 
pressive or duplicitous. We must hold such gentlemen under 
such circumstances to have been sincere and honest and fully 
conscious in this account. Any other view is a grave asper- 
sion upon them. 

They formally and officially informed Mr. Davis that Mr. 
Lincoln would entertain no "terms," or "conditions," or "meth- 
ods of proceeding," or "proposals," or "agreement," or "truce," 
or "armistice" "without a satisfactory assurance in advance 
of a complete restoration of the authority of the United 
States over all places within the States of the Confederacy." 
This can mean nothing else under the circumstances but that 
the Confederate government must first surrender before Mr. 



Lincoln would consider Blair's project of applying the Mon- 
roe Doctrine to Maximilian and Mexico or anything else. 
Their report assured Mr. Davis that Mr. Lincoln was im- 
placable and determined to drive the war, without any inter- 
ruption whatsoever, to utter subjugation. This would not 
have been true had Mr. Lincoln at any time or in any man- 
ner said in words or in substance : "Give me union on your 
own terms." 

Moreover, the three Southern members of this conference 
were critics and opponents of Mr. Davis's administration. Mr. 
Stephens was the ringleader of the malcontents and obstruc- 
tionists at Richmond and soon after this conference left the 
Confederate Capitol and went to his home in Georgia to nurse 
his dissatisfaction and disgust with Mr. Davis's conduct of 
affairs. He and Hunter and Campbell and their like-minded 
associates were in favor of trying to settle the controversy 
by some diplomatic compromise, while Mr. Davis felt con- 
sistently and persistently persuaded that it would have to be 
fought to a finish. If, therefore, Mr. Lincoln had said at 
Hampton Roads, "Let me write 'Union,' and you can write 
anything else you want," it is inconceivable that these gentle- 
men, struggling as they had been for some compromise, would 
not have promptly and avariciously seized upon it, committed 
the country to it there and then, rushed back to Richmond, 
proclaimed it, capitalized it, and set to work to put it through. 

But they did not pursue this course. They came back with 
the lugubrious report that they found Mr. Lincoln implacable 
and that he would consider nothing but the complete surrender 
of the Southern States. 

Report of President Davis. 

The Confederate Commissioners not only made their writ- 
ten report of the conference to President Davis, but Mr. 
Stephens says : "We reported to him verbally all that had 
occurred at the conference and much more minutely in detail 
than I have given you." We may assume that Mr. Davis had 
full and free interviews with his commissioners after their 
return to Richmond and that they put him in possession of 
the minutest inside details of all that was said and done at the 
meeting. Mr. Stephens says that they withheld nothing, and 
it is unthinkable that such honorable gentlemen would have 
kept back one iota of important information. Did they tell 
Mr. Davis that Mr. Lincoln had said that the Confederate 
government could have union on its own terms? 

If they did, Mr. Davis deliberately falsified to the House 
of Representatives, for on February 6 he sent to that body a 
formal message in which he said : "The enemy refused. * * * 
to permit us to have peace on any other basis than our un- 
conditional submission to their rule." ("War of the Rebel- 
lion," Series I., Volume XLVL, page 446; Stephens's "War- 
between the States," Volume II., pages 621, 792, 623.) To 
sustain this interpretation, he laid before the body the written 
report of the three Confederate commissioners, in which 
Messrs. Stephens and Hunter and Campbell said : "We under- 
stand from him (Lincoln) that no terms or proposals of any 
treaty or agreement looking to an ultimate settlement would 
be entertained or made by him with the Confederate States." 
Messrs. Davis and Stephens and Hunter and Campbell are 
equally guilty of the grossest misrepresentation and shameful 
dishonesty if they knew that Mr. Lincoln had said that they 
could have union on their own terms. 

Having sent this account to the House of Representatives, 
Mr. Davis straightway called for a mass meeting of citizens 
in the African church, the largest building in Richmond, and 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 



61 



made what Mr. Stephens called the most Demosthenian speech 
since the days of Demosthenes, in which he told his hearers 
that the Hampton Roads Conference had demonstrated the 
diplomatic hopelessness of their cause and called upon the 
country to make a last desperate military effort. Mr. Stephens 
himself gave up in despair and went to his home in Craw- 
fordsville, Ga. This is all incredible upon the supposition that 
Mr. Lincoln had said to all the commissioners or to any one 
of them at Hampton Roads : "You can have union on your 
own terms." 

Did Messrs. Stephens. Hunter, and Campbell consciously 
misrepresent Air. Lincoln and impose upon Mr. Davis? They 
were honorable gentlemen. Did Mr. Davis misrepresent 
Messrs. Stephens and Hunter and Campbell and impose first 
upon the Confederate House of Representatives and then upon 
the public? The thing is unbelievable. 

When Mr. Davis sent to the Confederate Congress the re- 
port of the Hampton Roads commissioners, the Senate and 
the House passed joint resolutions. The preamble recited the 
previous efforts which the government had made to get peace 
by negotiations and then said concerning the Hampton Roads 
effort : 

"They (the commissioners), 'after a full conference with 
President Lincoln and Secretary Seward, have reported that 
they were informed explicitly that the authorities of the 
United States would hold no negotiations with the Confederate 
States or any of them separately; that no terms, except such 
as the conqueror grants to the subjugated, would be extended 
to the people of these Staler; and that the subversion of our 
institutions and a complete submission to their rule was the 
only condition of peace.'" 

Then the Congress passed the resolutions, accepting the 
issue, calling upon the army and the people to redouble their 
efforts, and invoking the help of Almighty God. Mr. Stephens 
was President of the Senate, and Mr. Hunter was a mem- 
ber of it; anil we are seriously asked to believe that thev sat 
there and heard this false interpretation of Mr. Lincoln and 
the conference and saw this desperate action of their Con- 
gress without opening their mouths to inform those bodies 
that they could have union on their own terms. One i 
believe that Mr. Stephens was so guilt). 

In reviewing this whole Hampton Roads affair in 1881, 
when he was writing his great history. Mr. Davis says: 

"I think the views of Mr. Lincoln had changed after he 
wrote the letter to Mr. Blair of June 18, and the change was 
mainly produced by the report of what he saw and heard at. 
Richmond on the night he (Blair) stayed there." (."Rise and 
Fall of the Confederate Government," Volume 11., pag< 6 

It is perfectly certain that Mr. Lincoln had some terms in 
his mind when ho first sent Blair to Mr. Davis. They were 
probably concessory in their nature. The report somehow 
got out that he might be in a yielding frame of mind when 
he should meet the commissioners from the South. Hence 
the newspapers of the North were circulating it. and when 
the conference was over the House of Representatives called 
upon him to report exactly what had been done. Mr. Davis 
thinks that what he learned from Mr. Blair about the des- 
perate condition of the Confederacy caused him to change his 
mind. It is also likely that in the interim while the confer- 
ence was being arranged for he also felt the spirit and temper 
of those about him who wore implacable toward the South. 
At any rate, Mr. Davis says that the President of the United 
States declared at the conference that he would accept nothing 
but "unconditional surrender." We may fairly suppose that 



after the lapse of so many years, when writing about it with 
the war all over, he would have said something about Mr. 
Lincoln's generous attitude at Hampton Roads if he had ever 
been told by any of the commissioners that the President of 
the United States had said to any one of them that the Con- 
federacy could have union on its own terms. 

The Story of Alexander H. Stephens. 

At tlie time and later a great many divergent reports were 
spread abroad as to what did actually occur at the Hampton 
Roads Conference. Mr. Stephens, one of the principal actors 
in it (and because of these variant reports), devotes the whole 
of his twenty-third chapter in the second volume of his his- 
tory of the "War between the States" (published in 1870) to 
the Hampton Roads Conference. He undertook to give the 
substance of what each member of the conference said with 
considerable detail and in the order of each speaker. His 
chief object was to make public the internal facts of the 
meeting and clear all misunderstandings and misrepresenta- 
tions. At the close of his narrative he wrote: "This is as full 
account as I can now give of the origin, the 
objects, and the conduct of this conference from its beginning 
to its cinj." 1 Page (no.) The following is a fair summary of 
his long account : 

Stephens: "Well, Mr. President, is there no way of putting 
.111 end to the present trouble?" (Page S99-) 

Lincoln: "There is but one way: those who are resisting 
the laws of the Union musl cease their resistance." (Page 
600.) 

Campbell: "How can a restoration to the Union take place, 
assuming that the Confederate States desire it?" (Page 609.) 

Lincoln : "By disbanding their armies and permitting the 
national authorities to resume their functions." (Page 609.) 

Hunter : "Then there can be no agreement, no treaty, no 
stipulation —nothing but unconditional surrender?" (Page 
616.) 

Seward: "No words like 'unconditional surrender' have 
been used." 1 Page 616.) 

Hunter: "But you decline to make any agreement with us, 
and that is tantamount to 'unconditional surrender." (Page 
617.) 

Lincoln: "The executive would exercise the powers of his 
office with great liberality." (Page 617.) 

Stephens; "Mr. President, I hope you will reconsider." 
(Page 618 1 

Lincoln : "Well. Stephens, I will reconsider, but I do not 
think I will change my mind." (Page 618.) 

Boil down this long narrative of Mr. Stephens to a single 
terse phrase and put that phrase in the mouth of Mr. Lin- 
coln at the conference, and it is not "Union on your terms," 
but it is "Union on terms of the complete surrender of the 
South." 1 Stephens's "War between the Stati s," Volume III., 

A publication appeared in the Air V and 

Sentinel on June 7. 1865, purporting to give Mr. Stephens's 
version of the Hampton Roads Conference. It was repub- 
lished in many other papers. Mr. Stephens in his "Recollec- 
tions." a diary which he kept while a prisoner in Fort War- 
ren, makes sixteen entries concerning the Hampton Roads 
Conference, several of them bewailing this newspaper article. 
He describes it as "a discordant jumble of facts which pre- 
sents almost anything but the truth" (page 264). 

His early biographer. Henry Cleveland, who wrote in 1866, 
while Mr Stephens was still alive and accessible. 



62 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai?. 



"He (Mr. Stephens) has often been heard to say that his 
views in consenting to take part in that conference can never 
be fully understood without a knowledge of the true objects 
contemplated by the authors of the mission. These he has 
never disclosed and does not yet feel himself at liberty to 
disclose. * * * The report (of the commissioners) con- 
tains the exact truth touching the points embraced in it; but 
the real object of that mission was not embraced in it. This 
was verbally and confidentially communicated." ("Letters and 
Speeches," pages 198, 199.) 

This biographer says that "he (Mr. Stephens) has on sev- 
eral occasions told a few particular friends some things that 
transpired." Then he adds: "Particularly the agreeableness 
of the interview, the courteous bearing of Mr. Lincoln and 
Mr. Seward; but he has always objected to giving the pub- 
lic any account whatever beyond that contained in the official 
report of the commissioners." 

Finally, in 1870 Mr. Stephens told his whole story of the 
conference in his history and failed to put in it anything like 
the story of the sheet of paper and union on any terms. 

Judge Campbell's Account. 

This is to be found in the Southern Magazine for Decem- 
ber, 1874, page 191. This careful, judicious, and judicial 
gentleman says: 

"In conclusion, Mr. Hunter summed up what seemed to be 
the result of the interview : that there could be no agreements 
by treaty between the Confederate States and the United 
States or any agreements between them; that there was noth- 
ing left for them but unconditional submission." 

According to this member of the commission, they got 
nothing at Hampton Roads, when all the four hours' conver- 
sation was boiled down to its essence, but a proposition of 
"unconditional submission." This, however, would not be 
true if Mr. Lincoln said anything approximating, "Let me 
write 'Union,' and you can write after it what you please." 

Senator Hunter's Account. 

Both Mr. Stephens in his history and Judge Campbell in 
his "Recollections" represent Senator Hunter as summing up 
and reducing to a nut shell the sum and substance of all that 
had been proposed in the four-hour conference. Consequently 
great weight ought to be attached to his account of the meet- 
ing. It is to be found in the "Southern Historical Society 
papers," Volume III., pages 168-176. It was written in April, 

1877. 

Mr. Hunter opens his narrative with some account of the 
occasion and origin of the conference. Then he says that 
Mr. Stephens seemed "possessed with the idea that secession 
was the true remedy for sectional difference," but neither 
Mr. Lincoln nor Mr. Seward "countenanced the idea for a 
moment." Then Mr. Stephens "revived the old Monroe Doc- 
trine and suggested that a reunion might be formed on the 
basis of uniting to drive the French out of America," but 
Mr. Hunter says : "This was received with even less favor 
than I expected." Continuing, he says: "Their (Lincoln and 
Seward) whole object seemed to be to force reunion and an 
abolition of slavery." Then an "armistice" was proposed and 
talked about, but it "was promptly opposed by the President 
and Secretary of State." Then he says : "I asked him (Lin- 
coln) to communicate the terms, if any, upon which he would 
negotiate with us. He said he could not treat with us with 
arms in our hands in rebellion, as it were, against the gov- 
ernment." Mr. Hunter concludes his story: 



"They (Lincoln and SewarH) would hint at nothing but 
unconditional submission, although professing to disclaim any 
such demand. Reunion and submission seemed their sole con- 
ditions. Upon the subject of the forfeiture of lands * * * 
I said that nothing was left us but absolute submission both 
as to rights and property. * * * Mr. Seward, it is true, 
disclaimed all demands for unconditional submission. But 
what else was the demand for reunion and abolition of slavery 
without any compensation for the negroes or even absolute 
safety for property proclaimed to have been forfeited?" 

According to this story, at the Hampton Roads Conference 
the members talked first about "secession" and made no prog- 
ress toward getting together on that theory. Then they talked 
about Blair's proposition, the Monroe Doctrine, and Mexico, 
and still made no progress. Then they conferred about an 
"armistice," and got nowhere. Then Mr. Hunter asked Mr. 
Lincoln on what terms they could have reunion, and he 
would "hint at nothing but unconditional submission." Then 
Mr. Hunter inquired what' safeguards they could expect for 
their slaves and their property, and Mr. Lincoln referred 
them to his mercy. Mr. Hunter says (and he was there) 
"that nothing was left us but absolute submission both as to 
rights and property." And yet there are some (who were not 
there) who ask us to believe that Mr. Lincoln said some- 
thing like this : "You can have union on your own terms." 

Mr. Hunter says it was "reunion" that they were talking 
about, and what the Confederates wanted to know was the 
terms. Mr. Lincoln "would hint at nothing but unconditional 
submission." That certainly is not the same thing as saying: 
"Let me write 'union,' and you can write what you please 
after it." 

Congressman Goode's Account. 

Mr. John Goode was a Virginia member of the Confederate 
Congress in 1865 when the Hampton Roads Conference was 
held. In the March Forum of 1900, Volume XXIX., pages 
92-103, he has published his version of this conference. It 
has an evidential value, because it is based upon a conver- 
sation which he had with one of the Confederate commission- 
ers in Richmond soon after his return from Hampton Roads. 
His story agrees with all the other published accounts. The 
terms, according to his informant, were "unconditional sub- 
mission." There is nothing in it which approaches "union 
and then what you please." 

Judge Reagan's Account. 

On the formation of the provisional government of the 
Confederate States at Montgomery, Ala., Mr. John H. Rea- 
gan, of Texas, was made Postmaster General in the Cabinet 
of Mr. Davis and continued in this office to the end of the 
war. Always in the confidence of his chief and loyal to him 
throughout the whole conflict, he was taken prisoner with 
him at the wind-up of it all. He published his "Memoirs" in 
1906. He had all the controversies and allegations about the 
Hampton Roads Conference before him and devoted the thir- 
teenth chapter of his book to the subject. He says: 

"During recent years there has been an extensive discus- 
sion through the public prints of the questions which arose 
at the Hampton Roads Conference. It has been asserted over 
and over that President Lincoln offered to pay $400,000,000 
for the slaves of the South to secure an end of the war and 
that he held up a piece of paper to Mr. Stephens, saying: 
'Let me write the word "union" on it, and you may add any 
other conditions you please if it will give us peace.' I am 



Qogfederat^ l/eterai). 



63 






probably not using the exact words which were employed, 
but I am expressing the idea given to the public in the dis- 
cussion. It has frequently been alleged that Mr. Stephens 
said these offers were made. This has been repeated by 
citizens of acknowledged ability and high character, and it 
has been said that these offers could not be acceded to be- 
cause the instructions given to the commission by President 
Davis prevented it. * * * I shall submit evidence that no 
such propositions were ever made." 

The "evidence" which Judge Reagan presents is the joint 
report of the Confederate commissioners to Mr. Davis, the 
message of Mr. Davis to his Congress based upon that re- 
port, the resolutions of the Confederate Congress predicated 
upon the reports made to them, Mr. Lincoln's message to the 
Federal House on the subject, and Secretary Seward's letter 
to Mr. Adams, the American Minister to Great Britain. Then 
he says : 

"While it is true that some respectable men have asserted 
that Mr. Stephens told them of Mr. Lincoln's alleged offer, 

* * * and I have all their statements in writing or print, 

* * * there must have been some misunderstanding as to 
his language, for he was an honorable and truthful man and 
a man of too much good sense to have made such allegations 
in the face of such record as is here presented." 

Then Judge Reagan names the following persons as those 
who have said that Mr. Stephens made I he assertions about 
the piece of paper and union and about the $400,000,000 for 
the slaves: Hon. Henry Watterson, of Kentucky; Rev. E. A. 
Green, of Kentucky; Dr. R. J. Massey, of Georgia; and Mr. 
Howell, of Georgia, 

Over against these four he sets the following eight gentle- 
men who allege that Mr. Stephens denied to them that he 
ever made such statements: Rev. F. C. Boykin, of Georgia: 
Mr. R. F. Littig. of Mississippi; Hon. James Orr. of South 
Carolina; Hon. Frank B. Sexton and Col. Stephen W. Blount, 
of Texas; Mr. Charles G. Newman, of Arkansas; Gov. A. 
H. Garland, of Arkansas; and Senator Vest, of Missouri. 

Inasmuch as four reputable gentlemen affirm and eight 
reputable gentlemen deny. Judge Reagan disposes of the mat- 
ter by saying that "there must have been some misunderstand- 
ing as to the language" which Mr. Stephens did use 

Col. Henry YVatterson's Account. 

Colonel Watterson is the editor of the Louisville Courier- 
Journal and the most brilliant journalist on the American 
continent. He has recently told the story of the Hampton 
Roads affair in his newspaper. In an editorial of May 2, 
1016, under the caption, "The Might-1 lavc-Becns of History," 
he says : 

"There had been many epistolary and verbal exchanges 
between the two capitals, Washington and Richmond, before 
this fateful conference had come to pass. The parties to it 
were personally well known to each other. Mr. Lincoln and 
Mr. Stephens were indeed old friends. The proceedings were 
informal and without ceremony. At the outset it was agreed 
that no writing or memorandum should be made of what 
might be said or done. It is known, however, that at a certain 
point, the President of the United States and the Vice Presi- 
dent of the Southern Confederacy sitting a little apart from 
the rest, Mr. Lincoln took up a sheet of paper and said by 
way of completing the unreserved conversation that had 
passed between them: 'Stephens, let me write "union" at the 
top of this page, and you may write below it whatever you 
please.' He had already committed himself, in the event that 



the Southern armies laid down their arms and the Southern 
States returned to the Union, to the payment of $400,000,000 
for the slaves. That such an opportunity for the South, then 
on the verge of collapse, to end the war should have been re- 
fused will remain forever a mystery bordering on the super- 
natural." 

He then characterizes President Lincoln as "the Christ- 
man who had thrown out a life line," wonders if it all were 
due to "the hand of God," moralizes about Napoleon, and 
prophesies direfully for the German Kaiser. He then intro- 
duces this paragraph : 

"It will be recalled that Mr. Jefferson Davis was wont to 
dwell upon the reluctance with which he quitted the Union 
and joined in establishing the Confederacy. Yet at the su- 
preme moment he could not see his way clear to an advan- 
tageous peace by honorable agreement. He let the golden 
moment pass and went, taking with him the cause he had 
maintained during four years so valiantly, to precipitate and 
complete extinction." 

Mr. Davis was not in the conference. We have seen 
that the report which the commissioners brought back to him 
informed him "that no terms or proposals of any treaty or 
agreement looking to an ultimate settlement would be enter- 
tain d or made by him with the authorities of the Confed- 
erate States." If the commissioners told him the truth, that 
he could get "no terms," how did Mr. Davis "let the golden 
moment pass"? If Mr. Lincoln said to Mr. Stephens. "Let 
me write 'union,' and you can write what yon please," and 
Air. Stephens withheld this information until after the war 
was over, it would seem that it was he who "let the golden 
moment pass." Mr. Watterson writes like one obsessed with 
admiration for Mr. Lincoln, "the Christ-man," and biased 
against Mr. Davis, the President of the Confederacy. 

When his editorial of May 2 was characterized as "fiction" 
by the Oklahoma City Times and the Macon '/. Mr. 

i son replied in an editorial of June 20 in the Courier- 
Journal, in which he said: 

"I hat Mr. Lincoln said on the occasion of the Hampton 
Roads Conference what is denied as 'fiction' rests upon the 
statement of Mr. Stephens himself made to many persons of 
the highest credibility. It admits of no doubt wdiatever. It 
does not appear in the official documents because it was not 
a part of the formal proceedings, but an aside during an inter- 
view between Mr. Lincoln and Mr. Stephens. They were 
warm personal friends, old Whig colleagues. Lincoln an 
ardent admirer of Stephens, whom he wanted to ask to be- 
come a member of his Cabinet when he VI I President. 
The two had drawn apart from the rest. 'Stephens,' said Lin- 
coln, as Mr. Stephens reported the conversation to many of 
his friends, 'you know I am a fair man, and 1 know you to 
be one. Let me write "union" at the top of this page, and 
you may write below it whatever else you please. I am sure 
you will write nothing I cannot agree to.' Mr. Stephens re- 
plied that the commissioners were limited to treating upon 
the basis of the recognition of the independence of the Con- 
federacy alone. 'Then, Stephens,' said Lincoln sadly, 'my 
hands are clean of every drop of blood. spilled from this time 
onward.' " 

Mr. Watterson says this story "docs not appear in the of- 
ficial documents," and the reason is "because it was no part 
of the formal proceedings." He has told us that "no writing 
or memorandum was made," and so there could have been 
no "official documents" prepared by the conference. He has 
told us that "the proceedings were informal and without cere- 



64 



Qopfederat^ Veterai). 



mony," and yet he says this story does not "appear" because 
it is "no part of the formal proceedings." He says it was 
"an aside," made as a kind of private remark, while Mr. Lin- 
coln and Mr. Stephens were sitting apart from the rest. Con- 
tinuing in his editorial of June 20, he says: 

"Mr. Davis did not see Mr. Stephens at all. But all that 
Mr. Watterson has averred in this regard was told the night 
of his arrival in Richmond by Mr. Stephens to Mr. Felix G. 
DeFontaine, with whom he lodged and who, when the facts 
were disputed, made oath to the truth of them, as did also 
Dr. Green, Mr. Stephens's pastor, and Gen. John B. Gordon 
and Evan P. Howell, of Atlanta, to whom later along Mr. 
Stephens likewise related them, as indeed he had done to Mr. 
Watterson himself." 

Here Mr. Watterson says, "Mr. Davis did not see Mr. 
Stephens at all," presumably after his return from Hampton 
Roads. But Mr. Stephens says in his long narrative in his 
history: "We reported to him (Davis) verbally all that had 
occurred at the conference. * * * In this report to him I 
gave it as my opinion. * * * I called Mr. Davis's atten- 
tion especially to the fact. * * * I gave it to him as my 
opinion that there should be no written report by the com- 
missioners touching the conference. * * * I again yielded 
my views on that point." Mr. Davis did not deal with Mr. 
Blair in the beginning of this business without making a writ- 
ten memorandum of what was said and submitted it to Mr. 
Blair. He saw the blunder of the commissioners in making 
no written memorandum of what was said at Hampton Roads. 
He wisely required that the report to him should be in black 
and white, so that he could be protected against misrepre- 
sentation in the matter. If Mr. Stephens may be believed, 
and he may be, he did see Mr. Davis after he returned from 
Hampton Roads and had every opportunity of telling him 
that Mr. Lincoln had said: "Stephens, let me write 'union' 
at the top of this page, and you may write below it whatever 
you please." If Mr. Lincoln said it, why did not Mr. Stephens 
tell his President, the Confederate Congress, and all the South 
and change all the results? 

Did Mr. Lincoln say it? Did Mr. Stephens say he said 
it?. Here are two questions. Let us take them up separately 
and see if we are not shut up to Judge Reagan's conclusion 
that there is a "misunderstanding" somewhere. 

1. If Mr. Lincoln said it. his message of February 10 was 
not frank and disingenuous. It suppressed a vital fact. At 
that time the newspapers had filled the atmosphere with dis- 
turbing reports, some giving it out that the President of the 
United States had been yielding and others that he had been 
uncompromising. Besides, there were two groups at Wash- 
ington vexing Mr. Lincoln, the one urging that terms be made 
with the South and the other implacable in its attitude and 
urgings. Here was a context which caused the House of 
Representatives to ask him for the truth about the matter. 
He replied, saying he believed his message contained "all the 
information sought." That message, if our alleged story was 
fact, ought to have said in substance: "I offered them union 
on their own terms, and they declined my offer." But his 
message did not say that. It said: "I offered them the terms 
I had previously laid down to Secretary Seward— namely, (1) 
submission, (2) emancipation, (3) disbandment of their 
armies, and then such mercy as the President of the United 
States might be pleased to show them." If he thus kept 
back material fact while professing to give "all the infor- 
mation sought." his admirers must think him something else 
than "the Christ-man." Had he made such an offer and had 



it refused, it is unbelievable that he would not have told the 
country and extinguished the peace troublers who were tor- 
menting him. Nicolay and Hay, his heroizing biographers, 
do not put this story into his mouth. Why did they not tell 
it to illustrate his kindliness and chivalry to his foe? More- 
over, why should he have made such a proposition? His 
game was as good as in his bag, and he knew it. Appomattox 
was on the "th of April, and this conference was on the 3d 
of February preceding. 

2. If Mr. Lincoln said it, why did not Messrs. Stephens, 
Hunter, and Campbell seize upon it, even with avariciousness, 
and hurry back to Richmond with it and give it out to the 
President of the Confederacy and to the Southern Congress? 
They were the leaders of the party at Richmond who desired 
and believed that peace could be had by negotiation. They 
had been sent by their Chief Magistrate to the meeting to get 
the best terms they could, and the terms, according to this 
story, were, "Union on your own terms." Yet we are asked 
to believe that they came back and told Mr. Davis and the 
country that they found Mr. Lincoln implacable — no "terms," 
"conditions," "proposals," "agreements," "truce," or "armis- 
tice" except they "submitted" and threw themselves upon the 
mercy of the President of the United States. Did they mis- 
inform their chief? Did Messrs. Stephens and Hunter sit in 
Congress the next day and see that body pass resolutions 
frantically calling upon the country to exert itself to the last 
extremity because no terms could be had when they privately 
knew that they could have "union on their own terms"? 
What right had they to keep back the very heart and sub- 
stance of what had been proposed at the conference? They 
were honorable gentlemen. Besides, they were critics of Mr. 
Davis. Why did they not use the information, if they had it, 
to triumph over Mr. Davis and save "the golden moment" and 
the country from "precipitate and complete extinction"? For 
the sake of a hearsay story lionizing Mr. Lincoln are we to 
blast the good name of the three Confederate commissioners? 

3. If Mr. Lincoln said it only as an "aside" to Mr. Stephens 
for his private benefit, how was it done? They were all 
together during the entire time in the cabin of a small steamer. 
Why should Mr. Lincoln have whispered it to Mr. Stephens 
so that the others could not hear him? What motive could 
he have had in such a conference for whispering in the ear 
of Mr. Stephens, "Any terms you want," and then saying out 
loud to Messrs Hunter and Campbell, "No terms whatever"? 
Why should Mr. Stephens receive such an "aside" and keep 
it from his fellow commissioners? Why did he not get Mr. 
Lincoln to say it out loud? Why should he keep such a 
secret from his associates? Carrying such a secret in his 
bosom, why did he not say to Mr. Davis, "Don't send that 
message; I have 'aside' information and will seek release 
from privacy"? Why did he not say to the Congress, "Don't 
pass those frantic resolutions ; I have knowledge up my 
sleeve"? Secret? Private? Why, Mr. Watterson says he 
told it to Mr. de Fontaine and Dr. Green the first night he 
got to Richmond. Why could he not have told Mr. Hunter 
and Mr. Campbell on the way? If he did, his fellow com- 
missioners were not ignorant of it when they reported to Mr. 
Davis. 

4. If Mr. Lincoln said it to Mr. Stephens as an "aside" and 
then put him under the bonds of secrecy, why did he not 
write it down after the war was over and all obligations of 
secrecy had been removed by the death of Mr. Lincoln and 
the collapse of the Confederacy? He frequently wrote about 
the Hampton Roads Conference with the avowed purpose of 



Qoijfederat^ l/eterai>. 



65 



telling its whole inside history. Why did he not set down 
this story in something that he wrote? The public was con- 
fused about it. Some were saying that it was true, and some 
were saying that it was false. He himself became involved 
in a controversy with Senator B. H. Hill about it. Why did 
he not put it in black and white? He was a bitter critic of 
Mr. Davis. In all his voluminous writing about the war after 
it was all over he ceaselessly put the blame for the failure 
upon the administration. Upon the supposition that it was 
fact, can we imagine that he would not have somewhere writ- 
ten it down and upon it made a telling point against the ad- 
ministration ? But none can point to the story as put down 
by his own pen and above his own signature. The best they 
can do is to try to interpret his written words in such a way 
as to make them seem to support the story. 

5. But they say that Mr. Stephens verbally told this story 
"to many friends." If eight men, good and true, aver that 
they heard Mr. Stephens tell this story, eight other men, just 
as good and just as true, aver that they heard Mr. Stephens 
say that he did not tell it. If the first eight write or print 
their assertion, the second eight write or print their assertion. 

What conclusion shall we reach and rest in? Mr. Stephens 
was a Christian gentleman of the highest piety, a statesman 
of the highest honor, a patriot of the purest loyalty. All the 
records and all the circumstances are inconsistent with the 
story that he ever said anything like what is imputed to him 
He could not have been malignant and vengeful nor yet 
stupid enough to have withheld from Mr. Davis, his fellow 
commissioners, the Confederate Congress, and the country at 
large information which, being known, might have saved 
"the cause" which Mr. Davis had maintained so "valiantly" 
for four years from "precipitate and complete extinction." 

Judge Reagan's conclusion is the only reasonable and fair 
one — namely, that there must have been some "misundi 1 
standing" of Mr. Stephens's words when lie was sp 
freely and conversationally with his friends about the Hamp- 
ton Roads Conference. 

In a recent issue the New York Times gave the following 
account of the Hampton Roads Conference: 

"At Hampton Roads he ( Lincoln 1 refused to accept any 
proposal except unconditional surrender. He promised 'clem- 
ency.' but refused to define it, except to say that he indi- 
vidually favored compensation for slave owners and that he 
would execute the confiscation and other penal acts with the 
utmost liberality, lie made it plain throughout that he was 
fighting for an idea and that it was useless to talk of com 
promise until that idea was triumphant. We are aware, of 
course, of the long-exploded myth telling how he offered 
Stephens a sheet of paper with 'Union' written on it and told 



the Confederate statesman to till up the rest of the paper to 
suit himself. 'He offered us nothing but unconditional sub- 
mission,' said Stephens on his return, and he called the con- 
ference therefore 'fruitless and inadequate.'" 

The Courier- Journal of December 23, J016, takes this as a 
text and miswrites again the "long-exploded myth" as vera- 
cious history and upon it takes occasion to reflect upon Mr. 
Davis and to characterize Mr. Lincoln as "a kindly, just man." 

How in the name of all that is frank and fair, unbiased, 
and unprejudiced can the accomplished Southern editor blame 
Mr. Davis for not taking advantage of information obtained 
through the Hampton Roads Conference for the ben. 
the people over whom he presided? The proposal to hold the 
conference came to him from Washington ; he appointed com- 
missioners out of sympathy with his general administration, 
honest believers that something could be done by negotiating 
and more likely to have the favorable ear of Mr. Lincoln than 
any other persons in the Confederate government ; left them, 
unhampered by instructions, a free hand to do the best they 
could. These gentlemen brought back the report that they 
could get no "terms" or "agreements." The conference was a 
dismal failure because Mr. Lincoln was implacable. 

If the Confederate commissioners, all or any one of them, 
had private and "aside" information that might have been 
used to the advantage of the Southern people, it was they 
who suppressed it and voided all the possible results of the 
conference. No one can believe that Mr. Stephens or Mr. 
Hunter or Judge Campbell, all or any one of them, were so 
unpatriotii ["his storj about "union on your own terms" 
reflects most upon Mr. Stephens, for the allegation is that it 
was made known to him privately, and there is no evidence 
that he ever communicated il to his chief who sent him. 

Summary. 

1 lions in this brief show that neither President 
Davis nor Vice President Stephens nor any one of the Con- 
federate commissioners had any public or sub rosa informa- 
tion obtained through the Hampton Roads Conference which 
they failed to make use of to the benefit of the Southern peo- 
ple. 

To continue to repeat this iuI "union and then 

wdiat yon please," in view of the records presented in this 
monograph, is nothing short of a fabrication of history. It 
is based upon reports of the free conversational talks of Mr. 
Stephens about this meeting, and he was wont to complain 
with great bitterness about hearsay misrepresentations of him. 

All the actors in that celebrated conference are now dead 

and gone ["he) were every one gentlemen of the highest 

lion and honor. They were all incapable of any tin- 




,n 






3**JSr*' J 









66 



Qoi?federat^ l/eteraij. 



patriotic or duplicitous action. Each of them, and some of 
them more than once, has put on record in cold print his ac- 
count of what transpired at that conference, and neither of 
them has intimated that there was some vital information that 
was not revealed or, being known, was not used. 

Mr. Lincoln told Congress what he knew about it. Mr. 
Seward set down in black and white what he knew about it. 
The three Confederate commissioners, Messrs. Stephens, Hun- 
ter, and Campbell, made a formal statement of what they 
knew about it. These were all the members of the confer- 
ence and all the persons who could have had first-hand infor- 
mation of what was said and done on February 3, 1863, on 
board the River Queen at anchor in Hampton Roads. Presi- 
dent Davis gave to the Confederate Congress his version of 
what occurred as it was given to him. Years after the war 
Mr. Stephens wrote much in books and newspapers about 
what did occur according to his recollection. Mr. Hunter also 
set down his recollections, and Judge John A. Campbell also 
put to record his remembrances of it. Judge John H. Reagan 
and other gentlemen who were present in Richmond at the 
time and publicly connected with administrative affairs have 
also written their versions, gotten from general sources. 

In all fairness, these ought to constitute the veracious his- 
tory of the Hampton Roads Conference, and it is altogether 
historically illegitimate for any man to read into this record 
a report founded upon the alleged free conversations of one 
man, who himself subsequently wrote much on the subject, 
but nothing which supports the alleged story and which re- 
port needlessly reflects upon the honorable participators in 
that conference. 



MISS ADDIE SANDERS. 
[From the Memphis Commercial-Appeal.] 

When Miss Addie Sanders died at Senatobia, Miss., at the 
age of seventy-nine years, there passed away a woman whose 
life was closely interwoven with the best days- of the Old 
South. Born in Denmark, Tenn., she was reared in luxury 
by an aunt on a beautiful country estate in Virginia. Pos- 
sessing the advantages of gentle birth and education, she was 
a belle of ante-bellum days, and during the War between the 
States her daring spirit led her into adventures which are 
permitted to few women. 

In those years and later there were many suitors for her 
hand. She enjoyed the society of men. In the drawing-room 
or in the ballroom she turned a smiling face to chivalry and 
beauty; but locked in her bosom was the image of "her cap- 
tain," and to the day of her death she cherished his memory. 
It was at a popular resort just before the war clouds lowered 
over the Southland that she met and became engaged to a 
gallant young Southerner: Then came the call to arms, and 
he marched away under the Stars and Bars. She never saw 
him again. His gallantry won promotion for him, and as a 
captain he laid down his life for his country in the battle of 
Gettysburg. 

In connection with the death of this young officer, Miss 
Sanders told to a friend the story of an apparition appearing 
to her on the day a cannon ball ended his life. She was not 
superstitious, but the visitation was to her so real and so in- 
explicable that she said to her companion : "John has been 
killed." Miss Sanders's account of the incident was as fol- 
lows: 

"On horseback Miss Ann and I were on our way to 



collect some money due us for the hire of some slaves. While 
riding through a lone lane in Panola County, a broad stretch 
of open country on each side, we heard a horse come gal- 
loping through a field, the fallen cornstalks crackling under 
his feet as he ran. The horse ridden by my companion was 
spirited, and I told her to jump to the ground for fear the 
animal would become frightened and run away. Just as she 
made ready to jump the approaching horse appeared at the 
roadside, thrust his head over the fence, and neighed — once, 
twice, three times. The animal was white, bearing cavalry- 
harness and saddle, but riderless. Then as quickly and as 
mysteriously as he had appeared the horse vanished from 
sight. My startled companion turned a blanched face to me 
and said : 'My God, Addie, what does that mean ?' To me 
there was but one answer, and I replied: 'John has been 
killed.' 

■ "This strange vision, seemingly so real, left its impress on 
us. To satisfy ourselves, we stopped at the home of my 
cousin near by and asked him if there were any soldiers in 
the neighborhood, and when he replied in the negative we 
related the incident that had just taken place. My cousin 
then got on his horse and made a search in all directions, but 
found no trace of the riderless horse. To this day the mys- 
tery has not been solved. I should never have mentioned it, 
so unreasonable it seems, were it not for the fact that my 
companion was a witness to it. 

"A few days later I received a letter notifying me of the 
death of Captain John, which occurred on the day the riderless 
white horse appeared to us." 

Twice during the war Miss Sanders was held as a prisoner 
by the Federals, and on one occasion she was mistaken for a 
Northern spy by the Confederates, but was quickly released 
with due apologies by the commander for the error. At the 
time she was on her way from Panola County to a Confed- 
erate camp with medicines and clothing for the Southern 
soldiers. Neither the dangers nor the sorrows of war had 
altogether subdued her fondness for elegant gowns, and this 
feminine trait on her part so aroused suspicion that when 
she reached Hernando she was arrested and taken before 
Captain Henderson. It required but a few minutes of con- 
versation to convince the captain that a mistake had" been 
made. He informed his men that their beautiful young 
prisoner was an invaluable aid to his camp, made amends to 
the fair young captive, and then himself escorted her across 
the line. 

Shortly after the battle of Shiloh, learning that nurses were 
needed in Memphis, Miss Sanders volunteered her services 
and labored among the sick and wounded soldiers in the Bluff 
City. At the time the Ayers 'Building had been converted 
into a Confederate hospital. 

While accepting the fortunes of war with the best grace 
possible, it was not to be expected that one so spirited and 
intensely Southern as she should become reconstructed in a 
day. She made frequent trips to Memphis by boat. On one 
occasion she wore a miniature Confederate flag in her hat, 
and when requested by one of the officers of the boat to re- 
move it she refused. A warm discussion followed. As a 
last resort the officer threatened to put her off the boat. She 
boldly stood her ground and defied him. Her persistency 
won, and she finished the journey unmolested. 

Miss Sanders was a devout Christian, a member of the 
Presbyterian Church, and her genial disposition and un- 
wavering optimism endeared her to a large circle of ac- 
quaintances, both old and young. 



Qopfederat^ l/eteraij. 



6 7 






THE JEFFERSON DAVIS MEMORIAL. 

Speech of Gen. Bennett H. Young at Dallas, Tex., No- 
vember io. 1916, to the Daughters of the Confederacy 
ON a Memorial to Jefferson Davis at His Birthplace, 
Fairview, Ky. 

1 am much pleased to address an audience on matters which 
affect the South, its history, its heroism, and its memories, 
without the possibility of saying aught that will offend any 
listener. In this large and intelligent constituency, thank 
God, there is not a single "tenderfoot" when we come to deal 
with the achievements and record of the Confederate States. 
Here we can speak candidly, fearlessly, and loyally of the 
past with only care that we speak truthfully. 

The South had an illustrious part in establishing the inde- 
pendence and in creating the glory of this great country of 
ours. It was a Southern pen, dipped deep in the Southern 
heart, which drew the immortal Declaration of Independence. 
It was a Southern military genius who led the toil-worn, 
battle-scarred, and ragged Colonial patriots to final victory. 
It was the Southern men from Virginia, Kentucky, 
Carolina, and Tennessee who struck the flank of Cornwallis 
at King's Mountain and sent him limping into the jaws of 
Washington at Yorktown. And when the Revolutionary Wai 
was over and nothing was left but the bill to be paid, the 
South settled the largest part of that account. Virginia con- 
tributed of her domain what is now the States of Kentucky, 
Ohio, Indiana. Illinois, and Michigan; North Carolina con- 
tributed Tennessee; and Georgia donated Alabama and Mis 
sissippi. And of the first fifteen Presidents of the new re- 
public, nine of them were from the South and slave-holders 
Washington himself being the largest slave-owner on the 
American continent. 

In i860, when the Northern States, which had been such 
conspicuous beneficiaries of the Southern States, forced the 
slavery issue to the point of war, the Southland laid its hand 
upon Jefferson Davis and charged him with the defense of 
its rights, its property, and its life. Rich-born, cultured, 
scholarly, and chivalrous, he was the incarnation of the South- 
ern spirit and the type of the Southern ideal. He belonged 
to all the South. He was a native of Kentucky; he was 
adopted by Mississippi ; he fought for Texas ; he was inaugu- 
rated in Alabama; he administered the Confederate govern- 
ment from Virginia ; he fled across North and South Caro- 
lina ; he was captured in Georgia ; he lived his patient mar- 
tyrdom at Beauvoir ; he was buried in Louisiana, and his re- 
mains now sleep in Virginia, in whose Southern bosom are 
two other graves, the grave of British sovereignty at York- 
town and the grave of the Father of his Country at Alex- 
andria. Mr. Davis's illustrious character, his splendid patri- 
otism, his lofty ideals, his absolute consecration to duty, his 
magnificent courage and immeasurable sufferings for the South 
are each and all a rich heritage which belong equally to all 
the people of the Confederate States, their descendants, and 
those who sympathized with the South in its gigantic battling 
for national independence and national life. 

I am here not to beg. but to seek your cooperation in a 
matter which affects every man and woman in the Southland 
and to ask your aid in an enterprise which will, if possible, 
add greater glory to the splendor and renown of Southern 
womanhood. 

When the North had finished its war upon the South, which 
lhad so largely created the country, nothing was left to it but 
flame untarnished, honor unsullied, pride unhumbled, and spirit 
2*** 



unbroken. The task which then confronted the Southern peo- 
ple was a double one: First, to retrieve its broken fortunes; 
and, second, to monumentalize its history and transmit its 
records to subsequent generations. To achieve the one the 
sons of the South have wrought valiantly, and to accomplish 
the other the daughters of the South have labored amazingly 
and are triumphing gloriously. More monuments to Southern 
valor have been erected upon Southern soil than have been set 
up in any other land to any other people. 

In this cause of preserving the heroic story of the South 
and immortalizing its illustrious past the Daughters of the 
Confederacy have equaled the devotion and loyalty of their 
mothers, who inspired and suffered throughout the fearful 
struggle of the sixties. Their task has been to preserve the 
name and the fame of the land, red with their fathers' blood 
and drenched with their mothers' tears. The handing down 
to posterity a correct history of the Southern people and 
their cause; the casting up of heaps of stone to mark the 
things that ought to be remembered with pride; the erection 
of monuments to point their fingers to a sky starred with 
Southern virtues; the defense of a story that was full of 
patriotism and glory, of lesson and inspiration — this was the 
task which the Daughters of the Confederacy laid upon their 
hearts and to which they stretched out their hands. Who can 
contemplate the project or behold the triumphant result with- 
out placing an amaranthine crown upon the snowy brows of 
the daughters of Dixie? 

I challenge the world to bring out of the annals of the past 
a story like theirs— of an organization so efficient, of a pur- 
pose so lofty, of a resolution so persistent, of a determination 
so invincible, of a devotion so unselfish, of a spirit so drain- 
oi a victory so signal. When all the South has brought 
first a votive offering of frankincense and myrrh and laid it in 
the lap of those women of the South who lived during the 
War between the States, it then turns with thankful hands 
brimful of garlands and flowers, of gratitude and praise and 
empties them at the feet of the Daughters of the Confederacy 
and their allied societies. And all the world looks on and 
applauds the deed and commends the tribute. 

At the risk of being considered a retailer of ancient history 
I may remind you that Jefferson Davis was bom one hundred 
and eight years ago in a little town called Fairview, in 
Christian County, Ky., halfway between Hopkinsville and 
Elkton. the county seat of Todd County. When he was 
eight years old his father removed to Mississippi, and Ken- 
tucky lost her son. One hundred and seven years ago Abra- 
ham Lincoln was born in Larue County, near Hodgenville, 
Ky. As the crow flies these two spots are something like 
one hundred and forty miles apart. Kentucky thus gave in 
1S61 the two leaders, one President of the United States, the 
other President of the Confederate States. 

Eight years ago Col. S. A. Cunningham, editor of the Con- 
federate Veteran, conceived the idea of properly marking 
the birthplace of Mr. Davis. He prepared a series of reso- 
lutions which he submitted to some friends — myself amongst 
others — and sent them to Glasgow, where the Orphan Bi 
was holding one of its annual meetings. At Colonel Cunning- 
ham's request General Buckner there presented resolutions 
suggesting the acquisition, as well as marking, of the birth- 
place of Mr. Davis. A corporation was organized known as 
the Jefferson Davis Home Association; of this General Buck- 
ner was elected President. 

In the course of a few weeks General Buckner sent for me 
and said: "General Young, I have neither the gifts nor the 



68 



^ogfederat^ l/eterai?. 



time nor the strength to make this scheme a success, and I 
beg of you to do me the kindness to become its President." 
This I did. 

Twenty-one acres of land, covering substantially the birth- 
place of Mr. Davis, were secured. Options had been taken 
upon this property, and they were about to expire; the As- 
sociation had no money and no credit, and I was so fortunate 
as to be in such a position that I could advance the entire 
sum necessary to secure the ground, now known as '"Jefferson 
Davis Park." Through these intervening years, through ap- 
peals to the men and women of the South, something like 
$20,000 has been raised, the grounds have been cleared, im- 
proved, and on the two street sides inclosed by a handsome 
stone fence. The State of Kentucky, desiring to do honor 
to her son, appropriated $7,500 to aid in the work. 

With something like $10,000 at our command, we induced 
Gen. George W. Littlefield, of Texas, to visit the Jefferson 
Davis Park and look over the work already done and sug- 
gest plans for the construction of a suitable memorial to the 
first and only President of the Confederacy. Sagacious, wise, 
enthusiastic, successful, and endowed with a large measure of 
this world's goods, he became deeply interested in the plans 
for the erection of a memorial that would be worthy of Mr. 
Davis, as well as worthy of the South, to which Mr. Davis 
gave more than any man who survived the war. He esteemed 
it a very high honor to be -one of the leaders in this patriotic 
movement. If carried out along the lines now projected, to 
him will be justly assigned the chiefest place amongst its 
promoters. 

The women of the South erected at Richmond, where Mr. 
Davis is buried, a beautiful and imposing monument. The 
people of New Orleans and their friends have also builded a 
handsome testimonial indicative of the love the Confederate 
people had for their President. I can but feel that the world 
will yet further expect the people of the South in some more 
extensive and intensive method to show to mankind their ap- 
preciation of Mr. Davis's sacrifices and sufferings for his 
nation. In no other manner can it be done more fittingly than 
by erecting on the spot where he was born a magnificent, 
impressive, and distinguishing structure which shall stand 
through the ages as a silent but eloquent tribute to him who 
bore in his body and soul dreadful punishment and humilia- 
tion because he loved and served his people. 

This feeling has been intensified by the fact that recently 
the United States government has taken over the birthplace 
of Mr. Lincoln and arranged that it shall be under the care 
of the American nation, and there are thousands of Confed- 
erates and their descendants who will insist that the Daugh- 
ters of the Confederacy concur in the resolve that something 
equal in splendor and beauty and grandeur should be erected 
at the place where Mr. Davis was born. This spirit does not 
come from the wish to have Mr. Lincoln honored less, but 
only from the desire to have Mr. Davis honored more. There 
are a vast number of us who feel that Mr. Davis was a much 
greater man than Abraham Lincoln and that justice to his 
talents, justice to his memory, and a protest against the ex- 
cruciating humiliations which were heaped upon him by his 
foes all demand with relentless call that the men and women 
of the South must do as well for Mr. Davis as the nation has 
done for Mr. Lincoln. , 

This is a period, my dear auditors, of big things. Little 
things do not appeal to the human mind in this day and 
generation. Great things alone can reach the imagination and 
inspire to the highest and noblest effort. 



The chiefest monument builders of the ages were the Egyp- 
tians. Their tombs, their mausoleums, their monuments to 
the dead surpass those of all nations, ancient or modern, and 
their architects and engineers thought the obelisk the most 
impressive of all forms of commemorative work. In this 
country there are four obelisks regarded as the highest in the 
world. The Washington monument overshadows all other 
structures of this kind. It is five hundred and fifty-five feet 
high. It required a government to build it. The Perry col- 
umn at Put-in-Bay, Ohio, is three hundred and thirty-five 
feet high. Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, and Kentucky built this. 
The Bennington monument (at Bennington, Vt.), built to 
commemorate the great battle at that point during the Revo- 
luionary period, is three hundred feet high. Three States 
stood behind this memorial. The Bunker Hill monument, 
for many years the greatest structure of its kind in the world, 
is two hundred and twenty-one feet high. It was made par- 
ticularly attractive to Americans because Lafayette in 1825 
attended the laying of the corner stone, and the speech of 
Daniel Webster on that occasion has become the world's clas- 
sic for similar occasions. The London monument, the best in 
England, built by Sir Christopher Wren, is only two hundred 
and two feet high. 

After General Littlefield and I had looked over the Davis 
birthplace, we concluded that we could construct something 
at Fairview that would be majestic and imposing, not only to 
this generation, but to all other generations for a thousand 
years to come, and we thought of an obelisk three hundred 
and fifty feet high. This would make it the highest creation 
of a similar nature in the world except the one at Washing- 
ton. We argued that it was not unreasonable to ask the 
South and Southern sympathizers to do this great thing. We 
considered that success would only be possible when we pro- 
jected it on a scale so large that the structure would strike 
the beholder with awe by its gigantic proportions and by its 
immensity create in the human mind profoundest admiration. 
I do not think anybody will complain because we are seeking 
in a sense to overshadow the memorial at Mr. Lincoln's birth- 
place. The South respects the memory of Mr. Lincoln, but 
the South adores the memory of Jefferson Davis. Mr. Davis 
was great enough to command the admiration of all men ; 
but when we consider his sufferings and sacrifices for the 
South, it is his just reward that somewhere in the Confederate 
States, which he loved so much and where he lived out his 
days, there shall rise up some structure which, in so far as art 
in its feebleness can proclaim, shall declare the love and 
veneration of the people for whom he gave his all — time, 
money, place, citizenship, health, and lifelong peace. 

There are those who believe that Robert E. Lee died of a 
broken heart. Jefferson Davis survived the war for twenty- 
five years, but Mr. Davis lived through the sufferings of 
Fortress Monroe, which have no parallel for their brutality 
and cruelty in the political history of civilization. He passed 
with his people through the horrors and persecution of re- 
construction. He was denied citizenship, his humanity was 
cruelly misjudged and slandered. Every possible effort 
through perjury and false testimony was used to stain his 
name or to impugn his motives. 

Thank God, he was allowed the privilege of witnessing the 
restoration of all their rights to the seceding States. He 
looked over his beloved South and saw every political re- 
striction removed and the people restored to their constitu- 
tional rights in the republic. 

Refused amnesty by the government under whose flag he 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 



69 




VIEW OF THE LANDS OWNED BY THE FATHER OF JEFFERSON DAVIS — FAIRVIEW IN THE DISTANCE. 



shed his blood and for whose glory and renown he had ol 
fered his life, he calmly and heroically accepted tlie result 
which came to him a< Chief Executive of the Confederate 

Stairs. His ambitions were buried in the grave of the Con- 
federacy. The past was a sealed, though a holy, memory 
Permitted fourscore years, he let the dead past bury its 
hopes, and he pointed his people to the future that was full 
of golden promise lie even prayed for a reunited country. 
He saw the future as it developed into a complete triumph 
in all that makes ,1 country great. His beloved Southland 

grew under the marvelous energies and sagacitj of his fol- 
lowers, and her magnificent development won him glory and 
renown under the leadership of the men who had followed 
him in the most dreadful war of modern time. The peopli 
met bravely the trials and difficulties on every hand. They 
triumphed wherever truth could prevail, and only great men 
could win under the tremendous disadvantages they were com- 
pelled t'i face, and their glorious victory in peace brought 

solace to his spirit, as old age dimmed the forces of his body, 
but left unimpaired his vigorous mind. 

God graciously permitted Jefferson Davis to live a quarter 
of a century after the cessation of the great struggle, on the 
Southern side of which he was the controlling spirit. When 
the end came he looked into the face of death without a 
quiver. His hands were folded in dignified silence, no word 
of his stirred ungenerous thoughts or actions in the hearts of 
his compatriots. He suffered with them and passed through 
the fires and persecutions of reconstruction which have be- 
come, to the minds of all reasonable men, the blackest page 
in our national history. He emerged from the shameful hu- 
miliation of Fortress Monroe with the sympathy and r< 
of the world, and the clanking of the cruel chains which 
cowardice and malignity fastened upon his limbs only render 
his reception of the decrees of fate more beautiful and made 
him a thousand times more beloved by the people fur whom 
these sufferings and humiliations were endured. 

I In people of his adopted State would gladly have returned 
him to the United States Senate, from which he retired to 
take up the leadership of the Southern people; but he gently 
yet firmly declined the proffered honor, recognizing that he 
could serve and help them Inst by retiring from all public 
office. He knew that his reappearance in official position 
would turn loose bitterest venom and fiercest hate, and with 
manly and philosophical composure he became a looker-on 



amid the political conflict of that memorable period of the 
South's history. 

1 he broad mind of Mr. Davis revealed to him that in tak- 
ing the presidency of the Confederate States he had cast the 
die for success or failure and that if he failed he would be- 
come an alien in his native land. lie well understood that 
failure meant that he would become the most powerless of all 
who might survive the struggle and that thereafter he could 
do nothing personally to retrieve the fortunes of those who 
followed him. He measured up to the highest standard among 
his associates and companions, and he traveled in no company 
where he was not the equal of his fellow voyagers. 

Vftersight, so much more effective than foresight, in human 
affairs does not always indicate the correctness of his judg- 
ment or the supremacy of his wisdom; * * * but no just 
man can honestly affirm that any other man of the hour 
would have nude fewer mistakes or proceeded differently 
with bettei results. Robert E. Lee, who was in a better posi 
tion to know all the difficulties Mr. Davis faced, said he be- 
lieved Mr. Davis did as well as any man could similarly --it 
uated, and in the Southland this judgment of Robert E. Lee 
will remain unchallenged. 

Jefferson Davis's courage, loyalty, patriotism, and nobility 
of soul and heart arc enshrined in every Southern mind, and 
that is a better and grander memorial than any human genius 
can design. His was a magnificent life, so veracious that no 
man was ever deceived, so intrepid that no duty was ever 
shirked, ami so pure politically that no flaw has ever been 
found. 

Great as was Mr. Davis, superb as he was in the discharge 
of all the duties that came into his life as President of the 
Confederate States, yet, my friends, there was something in 
the gigantic struggle far greater, far grander than Mr. Davis; 
it was the spirit and courage that animated the people who 
constituted the nation of which he was the Chief Executive. 
While Mr. Davis stands alone by reason of his integrity and 
his courage and his eloquence, his faithfulness to duty would 
have made him great under any circumstances with which 
his life could have been connected. While all this is true, it 
is also true that Mr. Davis was greatest in his relations to 
the men and women who shared with him all the burdens 
that great struggle brought, who faced heroically with him 
all the vicissitudes of the fateful days from 1861 to 1865, who 
supported him with a cheerfulness of sacrifice and a unity of 
patriotism that renders the brief existence of the Confederate 



/o 



Qopfederat^ l/eterar?, 



nation a story of such marvelous heroism that it touches the 
highest and noblest sentiments of every honest soul. 

No nation or country has ever shown such regard for the 
memories of its soldiers nor built so many monuments to 
voice and perpetuate their heroism and their valor. Measured 
by the length of years and the numbers of survivors, the ex- 
tent of the monumental construction by the Southern people 
surpasses all previous annals. These facts demonstrate the 
power, the persistence, and the indomitable spirit and uncon- 
querable courage of those who constituted the hosts who then 
stood for what was held by them to be right. There are more 
monuments to the Confederate cause than have ever been 
erected to any cause — civil, political, or religious. 

The glory of this fact, my friends, is not due to the men 
who followed the Stars and Bars or wore the gray, but to the 
invincible spirit of the women of the South. There is no 
memorial to Jefferson Davis which meets the peculiar condi- 
tions which attach to his name. Those which have been 
erected are artistic and bear upon the imperishable granite of 
which they are constructed much of love and admiration for 
Mr. Davis ; but however beautiful and indestructible they may- 
be, there is nothing in them just grand enough and great 
enough for this generation to feel that they justly and truly 
convey to coming generations the full appreciation of Mr. 
Davis and his relations to the people of the South. So on the 
soil of that State where he was born, in the keeping of that 
commonwealth that gave Jefferson Davis, Albert Sidney 
Johnston, John C. Breckinridge, John H. Morgan, Roger W. 
Hanson, Ben Hardin Helm, and forty-two thousand valiant 
sons to the defense of Confederate rights and the creation of 
Confederate glory, there ought to be a memorial which will 
excel and surpass all other monuments built without govern- 
ment aid, it matters not what cause they represent or what 
name they bear. 

A few enthusiastic and earnest spirits have set about to do 
this great work. I am here to tell you that it shall not fail; 
that at Fairview there must and will be erected an obelisk 
which will be amongst the highest and most imposing of such 
structures in the world outside the Washington Monument. 
We must see that the men who come afterwards and look 
upon this magnificent obelisk, towering amongst the clouds, 
graceful in its lines, superb in its immensity, will thoroughly 
understand who Jefferson Davis was, what he did, and who 
were the people that he led and who loved him and made 
under his guidance transcendent and immeasurable sacrifices 
for the great principle of self-government. 

My friends, I do not think this is an unworthy ambition. 
I do not think you will say the money and energy which will 
bring these things about are wasted. In the South we have 
no great monument of the kind that is proposed to be erected. 
This one, designed and erected, will be unique in its plan, in 
its purpose, and in its grandeur. 

We come, Daughters of the Confederacy, to ask your co- 
operation and your assistance. This is a tremendous project, 
but it is proposed to dedicate this monument within ten 
months of this date. We want this Association to aid the 
Jefferson Davis Home Association as one of its chiefest and 
most prominent workers. We want you to pass a resolution 
pledging the Association to endeavor to raise amongst its 
various Chapters and members at least $10,000 to help on 
with this work. With your unceasing loyalty, your splendid 
activities, and your unconquerable devotion to all that per- 
tains to the memory of the Confederate States, you cannot 
very well afford to decline a full and complete part in this 



great enterprise. It is worthy of you. It is worthy of the 
Southland. It is worthy of the best men and women the 
world has ever produced, and we want you to help. I have 
no doubt at all that when the claims of this work are proper- 
ly presented to your members not only $10,000 will be 
raised, but that a greater sum will flow into the Association's 
treasury from the gentle hands and loving hearts of the 
Daughters of the Confederacy, who have done more than any 
other agency in all the world to perpetuate the glories of the 
heroic story of what the South did and what its people suf- 
fered in that great struggle for national life and national in- 
dependence. 

The nation has undertaken the care of the birthplace of 
Mr. Lincoln in Kentucky. The admirers of Jefferson Davis 
assure you that his birthplace shall be fittingly cared for. It 
is understood and believed that Kentucky will do this. As a 
Kentuckian I declare that the watchful and loving care of 
that commonwealth that gave more than twelve thousand of 
its sons to die for the cause of the Southland will see that 
this park and this monument shall be fully preserved in its 
beauty, grandeur, and splendor through all the ages to come. 



HEARTS OF THE LILIES. 

BY GRACE IMOGEN GISH. 

We hail in its pride and its beauty 

Our Southland they died to defend ; 
We love the green meadows spread round us, 

The blue skies that over us bend. 
And fair are all blossoms we're bringing 

In memory of soldiers in gray, 
But sweetest are hearts of the lilies 

That tell of their glory to-day. 

Their war cry is now hushed forever, 

The names that they loved are no more ; 
No reveille their calm slumber breaking, 

They rest, for their labors are o'er. 
Ah ! years that are swift in receding. 

Your hallowed scenes slip away, 
Like dew on the hearts of the lilies 

That tell of their glory to-day. 

And so when, the blue sky above us, 

Together united we stand 
And list to the sweet strains of "Dixie," 

We think of that lessening band ; 
We think of the comrades that await them, 

The joy at the end of life's way, 
As bright as the hearts of the lilies 

That tell of their glory to-day. 

O hills, lift your heads in the sunlight ! 

O valleys, grow wondrously fair ! 
O mountains, be steadfast as they were 

Who guarded our land with such care! 
O rivers, sing ever their praises 

Till we, of good courage as they, 
May grow pure in heart like the lilies 

That tell of their glory to-day! 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai?. 



71 



THE BATTLE OF SHILOH. 

BY JASPER KELSEY, SECOND LIEUTENANT COMPANY A, 
23D TENNESSEE REGIMENT. 

At one o'clock on the morning of April 3, 1862, the Army 
of the Mississippi, which had been concentrated at and around 
Corinth, Miss., in command of Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston, 
with Gen. G. T. Beauregard second in command, was ordered 
to be ready to march at any moment with five days' rations 
and one hundred rounds of ammunition. It was also under- 
stood by many officers, and even by many private soldiers, 
that a great battle was to be fought; and every man was full 
of patriotism and enthusiasm, ready for the conflict. We had 
lost Fort Donelson, Bowling Green, Southern Kentucky, and 
Middle Tennessee, and this army had not as yet gained a 
decided victory in battle, and a greater part of the men had 
never been in a battle. The army was well organized, well 
drilled, and well seasoned, considering the length of time it 
had been in service, which was from a few months to about 
a year. While all had a sufficient supply of rations ami cloth- 
ing, not all were well armed. Several thousand Enfield rifles 
with accouterments were issued about that time. We re- 
ceived orders from General Johnston to aim low, to shoot al 
the knees, because it look about two men to carry one wounded 
man off the field ; but a dead man needed no attention, so it 
would weaken the enemy more to wound a man than to kill 
him. An order was issued that no soldier should leave the 
ranks in attend to a wounded comrade, but to let the in- 
firmary corps attend to them; also an order was given thai 
when any soldier or company got lost from their command in 
time of the battle they should go where the heaviest firing was. 
because the battle ground was covered with forests, hills, ra- 
vines, and swamps. On the evening of the 3d the army was 
put in motion, marching in the direction of Pittsburg Landing, 
on the west bank of the Tennessee River and about twenty- 
two miles from Corinth, where the Federal army was en- 
camped under the command of Generals Grant and Sherman 
and about 40,314 strong. 

The Confederate army consisted of three army corps, the 
first commanded by General Polk, the second by General 
Bragg, and the third by General Hardee — about 35,000 or 
36.000 men exclusive of the cavalry, which numbered 4.300 
and which could do but little service except to guard the 
flanks, owing to the nature of the ground on which the battle 
was fought. General Hardee was ordered to form the first 
line of battle with his corps in front of the Federals. General 
Bragg was to form the second line with his corps about eight 
hundred yards in the rear (if Hardee's Corps, and General 
Polk was to put his corps in line, or in double column, in the 
rear of Bragg's line. General Breckinridge's command was 
to be placed on the right of Polk's Corps as a reserve, while 
the cavalry was to be placed on the flanks and in position to 
guard the fords of lick Creek on the right and Owl Creek 
on the left. 

We nut with mi resistance from the enemy from the lime 
of leaving Corinth until reaching the ground where the lines 
were to be formed except that on the 4th Cleburne's Brigade, 
of Hardee's Corps, met and repulsed .1 small detachment of 
the enemy's cavalry. On Friday there were cold, drenching 
rains which made it very disagreeable for the soldiers, and 
roads in some places were almost impassable. By nine o'clock 
on Saturd ly the clouds had passed away, and there was fine 
spring weather until the battle was over. 

On the morning of the 5th General Hardee reached the 



place designated and deployed his corps in line of battle on' 
the high ground between Owl Creek on the north and Lick 
Creek on the south, with the left wing near Owl Creek and 
the right near Lick. The creeks were about three miles 
apart, running in a northeastern direction and emptying into 
the Tennessee River, one above and the other below Pitts- 
burg Landing, so that the line of battle was about three miles 
in length and about two miles from the Federal encampment. 
General Johnston intended to attack the Federals on Saturday 
morning, but on account of the heavy rains and bad roads 
and some misunderstanding a portion of Bragg's and Polk's 
Corps did not arrive and deploy in line before about four 
o'clock Saturday in the afternoon ; so it was too late to make 
the attack on that day as intended. Late Saturday evening 
Johnston. Beauregard, Bragg, Polk. Breckinridge, and per- 
haps some other officers met in a consultation. Beauregard 
was opposed to giving battle and favored withdrawing and 
marching back to Corinth. His reasons were that one day 
had been lost, that he believed the Federals were strongly 
fortified, and that they had a much larger army than the Con- 
federates. 

General Johnston said he had as many men as he could 
e "ii the ground between the two creeks, and he knew 
he could handle as many as the enemy, his flanks being pro- 
tected by the two ereeks. and. said he. "We will fight them 
if there arc a million of them"; and he gave orders for the 
battle to begin at daylight Sunday morning. April 6. Here 
was assembled an army of brave men, the flower of the South, 
mostly from Tennessee. Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, and 
Arkansas, commanded by one of the greatest generals on the 
American continent, who had served in the Black Hawk War, 
in the Texas War of Independence, the Mexican War, and 
in command of the United States army that subdued the 
Mormon rebellion — Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston. 

I lie anm silently and quietly bivouacked in line of battle 
for the night, while in the Federal encampment, about two 
miles in front of the Confederate lines, music and cheering 
could be heard until midnight. They were serenading some 
officers' headquarters, not knowing of the nearness of the 
Confederate army or dreaming of the fierce conflict that was 
to take place on the morrow. On Sunday morning before 
daylight the oak forest was alive with Confederate soldiers 
eating their cold breakfast, preparing their weapons, and fall- 
ing into line to be ready for the great battle which every man 
knew was going to take place. At daylight Hardee's line, 
three miles in length, without the sound of bugle or drum, 
advanced silently and grandly toward the Federal encamp- 
ment, followed by the sturdy solid lines of Bragg, Polk, and 
Breckinridge. The morning was bright and clear, a typical 
spring morning; the air was fresh and bracing; and when the 
sun rose bright ami clear it added splendor to the scene. 
Every soldier had braced himself for the battle ami went for 
ward determined to reclaim the ground recently lost or die in 
the attempt. Gen. Basil Duke says in his "History of Morgan's 
Cavalry": "Every one who witnessed the scene — the marshal- 
ing of the Confederate army for the attack on the morning 
of the 6th of April — must remember more distinctly than 
anything else the ' wine enthusiasm of the men, their buoy- 
ancy and spirited impatience to close with the enemy." 

At 5:14 Hardee's line came in contact with the Federal 
outpost, and the first gun of Shiloh was fired; then began 
one of the hardest-fought battles of the war. The Con 
ate lines moved quickly and steadily forward. The Rebel yell 
was heard mingled with the rattle of muskets, the roar of 



72. 



Qopfederat^ l/etera^. 



cannons, and the bursting of shells. Soldiers were falling, 
dead or wounded, upon the right and the left. That was a 
time to test the bravery of men. Quoted from Beauregard's 
report: "Like an Alpine avalanche, our troops moved forward, 
despite the determined resistance of the enemy, until 6 p.m., 
•when we were in possession of all his encampments between 
Owl and Lick Creeks but one, nearly all his field artillery, 
about thirty flags, colors, and standards, over three thousand 
prisoners, including a division commander (General Prentiss) 
and several brigade commanders, thousands of small arms, an 
immense supply of subsistence, forage, and munitions of war, 
and a large amount of means of transportation — all the sub- 
stantial fruits of a complete victory. The remnant of his 
army had been driven in utter disorder to the immediate 
vicinity of Pittsburg Landing under the shelter of the heavy 
guns of his ironclad gunboats." 

It happened that, though the first collision between the two 
armies was with Prentiss's outposts, it occurred nearer to 
Sherman's camp than to his own; and as his lines were more 
retired than Sherman's, the first blow fell upon the left bri- 
gade of the latter under Hildebrand. This lay in the pathway 
of the impetuous Hindman, and the swiftest of the fugitives, 
scattering through the Federal camps, gave the alarm ; the 
rattle of musketry also gave sharper notice that it was no 
common peril that threatened. The long roll was beaten, the 
bugle sounded, and brisk volleys gave still sterner warning, 
and Sherman's division woke to find the Confederates pressing 
right upon them. Sherman hurriedly formed his line of bat- 
tle in front of the camp. It was good ground for defense — 
a low timbered ridge, with an open valley, traversed by a 
small stream, in front. To attack them the Southern brigades 
had to cross the stream and open field. The Confederate line, 
which had hung for a few minutes only on the crest of the 
hill, like a storm cloud on the mountain's brow now burst 
with a sudden impulse upon Sherman's camps. The Rebel 
yell, so inspiring to friends, so terrific to foes, rose sharp and 
shrill from the rushing lines of Southern soldiers; their volley 
came pouring in, and the bayonet even was used on some 
whose slumbers were broken only by the oncoming of their 
foes. 

Sherman's orderly was shot dead by his side, and he himself 
rode away to the right out of the wreck. Then Hildebrand's 
Brigade, of Sherman's Division, was beaten and fled from 
the field in wild disorder. While this struggle was going on 
Hindman's right brigade, under Colonel Shaver, and Glad- 
den's Brigade burst in upon Prentiss's Division. It was not 
■eight o'clock when Shaver's and Gladden's strong lines fell 
fiercely upon them. Here was enacted, though in a less meas- 
ure, the same scenes that had occurred in Hildebrand's camps. 
Crowded in front, to the right, to the left by eager antagonists, 
Prentiss's whole division gave way and fell back in confusion 
on its supports. At the first alarm Sherman sent back to Mc- 
Clernand, Hurlbut, and W. H. L. Wallace for help. Mc- 
Clernand hurried three Illinois regiments to the front, which, 
arriving just as Hildebrand was routed, were unable long to 
withstand the vigorous attack of Hindman's brigades as they 
pushed on in their victorious career, part of Shaver's Brigade, 
coming to Wood's assistance, breaking in on the left flank of 
the Illinois regiment. Assailed, beset, shivered, these gallant 
Northwestern troops gave way. In their demolition Water- 
house's Battery fell into the hands of Wood's Brigade. It 
was charged and taken by the 16th Alabama and 27th Ten- 
nessee Regiments. When Hardee's first line of battle was 
formed, Chalmers's Brigade occupied the right flank near 



Lick Creek, Cleburne on the extreme left leading his brigade 
against Sherman's right. 

Sherman's strong position has already been described. The 
ravine that fronted it descended rapidly to Owl Creek, spread- 
ing into a marsh filled with undergrowth and tangled vines. 
1 he assailants had to cross this under fire and charge up a 
steep acclivity, though more to the right the ground was less 
difficult. The center of the morass was impassable and split 
the brigade into two parts. The 5th, 24th, and 2d Tennessee 
passing to the left, the 23d Tennessee was divided, the left 
wing going to the left, the right wing, with the 6th Missis- 
sippi, passing to the right. The 15th Arkansas, which was 
deployed as skirmishers, fell back on its supports. Never was 
there a more gallant attack or a more stubborn resistance. 
Under the terrible fire from Sherman's impregnable lines the 
23d Tennessee on reaching the swamp wavered and fell back 
about fifty or seventy-five yards, then went forward, and the 
right wing charged immediately into the Federal encampment ; 
the left wing followed, and the regiment re-formed in line of 
battle and continued in pursuit of the retreating Federals. 
Then Lieutenant Colonel Neill, commanding the 23d Tennes- 
see, was severely wounded, Major Moore was killed, and 
Captain Harden was severely wounded. 

The 6th Mississippi suffered a quick and bloody repulse, 
losing, after making charge after charge, its two field officers. 
Colonel Thornton and Major Lowry, both wounded, and three 
hundred men killed and wounded out of four hundred and 
twenty-five. The fighting had been murderous on the left also. 
The 15th Arkansas had lost its major, J. T. Harris, and many 
good men. The 24th Tennessee had borne itself with steady 
valor, and the 2d Tennessee, commanded by Col. (afterwards 
Gen.) William B. Bate, had been terribly cut up by the iron 
storm from the hilltop. This regiment was on the extreme 
left, and it is said that the fire there encountered was the worst 
the regiment suffered during the war except at Richmond, 
Ky. The regiment was repulsed with the loss of Maj. W. R. 
Doak, Captains Tyree and Bate, and two lieutenants killed, 
and nearly a hundred men and officers killed and wounded 
out of three hundred and sixty-five men on the field. But 
the regiment re-formed, and the gallant Bate led them again 
to the charge. As he was crossing the creek at the bottom of 
the valley a Minie ball crushed his leg bone and wounded his 
horse. He pressed on until he was too weak, when he re- 
tired. The 24th Tennessee, being on more favorable ground, 
clung to the advanced position it had won. It too suffered 
heavily, losing over two hundred in killed and wounded. 

Sherman's position was the strongest point on the line and 
virtually impregnable to a direct attack. At this time two 
brigades of Bragg's Corps, which had now come up. attacked 
Sherman's left and rendered his position no longer tenable, 
and his brigades fell back, fighting confusedly, on Hurlbut's 
and Wallace's line. Captain Behr was shot from his horse 
and his battery taken at the point of the bayonet, his men 
barely escaping. Another battery, commanded by Lieutenant 
Colonel Strahl, was charged and captured by the 4th Tennes- 
see, the regiment losing in the charge thirty-one men killed 
and one hundred and sixty wounded. In the meantime Rus- 
sell's Brigade charged a battery and helped to drive the enemy 
some five hundred yards. This was part of a simultaneous 
advance which drove Sherman from his first position and in 
which Cleburne's, B. R. Johnson's, and Stewart's brigades 
joined. Johnson himself was finally wounded. Preston Smith 
then took command of the brigade; his regiment and Blythe's 
Mississippi had already captured six guns. The whole Federal 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 



73 



front had been broken here and there, and they fell back 
across a ravine to another strong position ; but they were not 
allowed to get away unnoticed. They were pursued, driven 
and slaughtered as they fell back, and the route of his re- 
treat was marked by the thick-strewn corpses of his soldiers. 
Sherman was not allowed to remain in his new position ; 
Polk attacked him with two brigades. The Federals fought 
with determined courage, contesting every inch of ground. 
Here Brigadier General Clark and B. R. Johnson were severe- 
ly wounded, and Colonel Blythe. of Mississippi, was killed. 
The loss was severe, but the enemy was dislodged and two 
batteries captured. There the right wing of the Confederate 
lines was swung around on the center, Hindman's Brigade as 
a pivot, so that every command of the Federals was taken 
successively in front and flank, and a crumbling process en- 
sued by which the whole line went to pieces. 

General Chalmers, on the extreme right, swept down the 
left bank of Lick Creek, driving in the pickets, until they en- 
Countered the brigades of Stewart and McArthur. Stewart 
was strongly posted on a steep hill near the river covered 
with thick undergrowth and with an open field in front Mr 
Arthur was to his right and near the woods, Jackson at- 
tacked McArthur, who fell back, and Chalmers went at 
Stewart's Brigade. This command reserved it^ fire until 
Chalmers's men were within forty yards and then delivered a 
heavy and destructive volley, hut after a hard fight they were 
driven back down the river. Chalmers's r i u;lit now rested on 
the Tennessee River bottom lands, and he fought down the 
bank toward Pittsburg Landing. The Federal left was com- 
pletely turned and their army crowded on a shorter line, a 
mile or more to the rear of its first position. This was all 
done and the Federals had established their new lines before 
ten o'clock. Thus far all had been successful. The second 
line of the Federals was shorter and more compact than the 
first, with its right resting on Owl Creek and its left near the 
bank of the Tennessee River. 

The whole Confederate army had become engaged in the 
battle and was in the front line, Breckinridge on the right. 
Polk and Bragg in the center, and Hardee on the left. The 
advance of the Confederates had been steady up to about I 
r.M.. when the right wing encountered such resistance as pre- 
vented its farther advance The Confederates were upon a 
ridge, while upon a parallel ridge in easy musket range the 
Federals were in great force. After the tire had been con- 
tinued about an hour. General Johnston ordered a charge, 
and he and General Rreckinridge led in the charge, Governoi 
Harris also led a Tennessee regiment in this bloody charge. 
The line moved forward with rapid and resistless step \ 
sheet of flame burst from the Federal stronghold and blazed 
along the crest of the ridge There was a roar of cannon and 
musketry, a storm of lead and iron, and the Confederate line 
withered, and its dead and dying strewed the dark valley; 
but there was not an instant's pause. Right up the steep they 
went. The crest was gained, and the enemy was in flight, a 
few scattering shots replying to the ringing yell of the vic- 
torious Confederates. 

\ short time after this charge was made it was seen that 
General Johnston was wounded. Governor Harris and Cap 
tain Wickham helped him from his horse, and he was dQad in 
i few minutes. Just when General Johnston was killed the 
victory seemed complete. The enemy was not merely broken, 
but was in such close quarters and so rapid was the charge 
that they suffered more than the usual slaughter in a defeat 
Then there came a lull in the conflict on the right, lasting 



more than an hour from half past two, the time at which Gen- 
eral Johnston fell. About 3:30 the struggle at the center was 
renewed with the utmost fury. Polk's and Bragg's Corps, 
intermingled, were engaged in a death grapple with the sturdy 
commands of Wallace and Prentiss. The Federals had con- 
sulted and resolved to stand and hold the ground at all 
ds, hoping thus to save the rest of the army from de- 
struction. This manful resistance cost one his life and one 
his liberty. They checked the Confederates enough to gain 
some time and perhaps prevented the capture of Grant's army. 
General Ruggles collected all the artillery he could find, some 
eleven batteries in all. which he massed against Prentiss's 
right flank. The opening of so heavy a fire and the simultan- 
eous advance of the whole Confederate line resulted at first 
in the confusion of the enemy and then in the defeat of Wal- 
lace and the surrender of Prentiss. 

But while the artillery massed by Ruggles and his division 
was so effective in achieving this result, they were not 
Polk and Hardee burst through and destroyed the troops oc- 
cupying the right of Wallace's position, who were thoroughly 
beaten and driven from the field or captured and their com- 
mander killed in the riot. They thus got in on Prentiss's right 
flank. Bragg, who had gone to the Confederate right with 
Breckinridge, pushed in on Prentiss's left flank and, with 
Chalmers on his rear, thus intercepted his retreat. Immediate- 
Ij after the surrender of Prentiss General Polk ordered a de- 
tachment of cavalry to charge the fleeing enemy, which dashed 
forward and intercepted a battery, the 2d Michigan, within 
one hundred and fifty yards of the river and captured it be- 
fore it could unlimber and fire. It was a six-gun battery and 
was captured, men, horses, and guns. 

This was about the end of the battle for that day. It is 
true that there was some more fighting and advancing of the 
Confederate lines; but General Beauregard sent orders to the 
troops to retire and rest for the night, which they did, except 
Chalmers, who kept up the battle with his command until 
night, not having received the orders of Beauregard to retire. 

Thus ended the first day of the battle of Shiloh. The Con- 
federates slept in the tents which had been occupied by the 
Federals on the night before, while the Federals were re- 
forming their lines and Buell wis crossing his troops over 
tin- river and making preparations for the battle which was 
to begin on the next morning. On Monday morning Grant 
had about twenty thousand effective men. Buell had come 
up and crossed the Tennessee River with about twenty thou- 
sand, making the Federal army number about forty-five thou- 
sand men. General Beauregard, who took command of the 
Confederate army after the death of General Johnston, had 
about twenty thousand effective men on the field with which 
to meet the overwhelming forces of the enemy. The Confeel- 
. rates, though almost worn out by the hard fighting of the 
In lie fore, marched out, formed in line of battle, met the 
enemy, and fought bravely for some time, but could not long 
hold their own against such overwhelming forces. Soon the 
line became thin, wavered, and began to give ground, fighting 
bravely as they retired. There was hard fighting all along the 
line, some of the Confederate commands holding their 
tions or falling back slowly, taking new positions and fighting 
fiercely until by one o'clock it was apparent to General Beaure- 
gard that the contest was hopeless. The movement of the 
I 1 deral army was that of the tide as it crawls up the beach. 
Each living ripple was rolled back at the musket's mouth, 
and yet, after seven hours' struggle, the Confederates had 
lost ground and were evidently maintaining a hopeless con- 



74 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 



flict. There was no reason for remaining there without a 
chance of victory- Beauregard at last determined to retreat 
and made his disposition judiciously to that end. In a lull 
of temporary success he retired his right wing in good order. 
The retreat was by alternate lines and was skillfully con- 
ducted. About an hour after the Confederate troops retired 
the Federal army reoccupied its front lines of April 5. The 
only attempt of the Federals to follow up the victory was on 
Tuesday. A force of Federal infantry and cavalry attacked 
the Confederate rear guard, which was commanded by Colonel 
Forrest, and was repulsed with considerable loss. 

Thus ended the battle of Shiloh, one of the hardest-fought 
and bloodiest of the war — the one great army contending for 
State rights, self-government, and because their country was 
invaded ; the other for the Union and centralizing govern- 
ment; both for what they conceived to be their rights. The 
Confederates learned in that battle that one Southern man 
could not whip ten Yankees, and the Yankees learned that it 
was necessary to carry the spade with them as well as the 
gun. 

(Although a participant in the battle, the author of this 
paper is indebted for many of the above facts to Col. William 
P. Johnston's "Life of Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston.") 



CHICKAMAUGA AS I SAW IT. 

BY ELDER J. K. WOMACK. PLANT CITY, FLA. 

It was Sunday, September 20, 1863. After forming and re- 
forming Baxter Smith's regiment, Paul Anderson command- 
ing (it was known as "Paul's People"), the men were num- 
bered off, "One, two, three, four, five." The trooper who 
was numbered five shouted very distinctly "Bully." Paul 
said very clearly through his nose : "Let 'Bully' go into the 
fight and number four hold horses." 

Skirmishes being on some distance in front, I remember 
seeing Captain Lester, of Lebanon, Tenn., who was by far 
the best-looking man in the regiment, as we slowly marched 
toward the enemy. The command "Charge !" came in dis- 
tinct tones. All went forward with a rush. I could still see 
the long black hair of Captain Lester, which seemed to quiver 
from the Minie balls that filled the air around us. 

Before this charge was ordered, in marching slowly through 
the woods, where bomb shells were heard shrieking, Colonel 
Anderson would cry out: "Lie down, boys!" Flat to the earth 
we stuck like lizards. When the bombs passed over us and 
burst, "Up and forward !" and again, "Lie down, boys !" we 
heard, and quickly we obeyed, becoming lizards again by hug- 
ging the earth. In a few seconds a bomb in some mysterious 
way exploded only a few feet over our heads. Without or- 
ders from colonel- or captain, we struck the earth with a 
thud. 

"Ha ! ha ! ha !" was heard from the colonel. "Too late now, 
boys." Turning my head a little to the left, I saw Colonel 
Anderson standing, tall and erect, laughing at our predica- 
ment. I noticed that he remained erect all the time, so I 
thought in my boyish mind : "If you don't lie down, neither 
will I. Do you think that we are cowards and you the only 
brave man in this regiment? I will not lie down any more 
if you stand upright." 



So the laugh from our colonel drove all the fear from 
me during the whole day. I shall never forget how the 
enemy, concealed behind trees and logs, poured a volley of 
leaden hail into us. Captain Parton, of East Tennessee, fell 
near me with his left thigh crushed. Cartridge boxes were 
shot off; men were wounded right and left. The enemy was 
driven before us with a rush. Orders came to "Halt ! Fall 
back to your horses and mount them !" As I walked along 
to the horses in the rear I saw dead Confederate soldiers and 
then dead Yankees. In a few steps I came to a wounded 
Federal soldier whose face I liked as soon as I saw him. 
"What can I do for you," said I. "Nothing," was the reply, 
"for I think I will soon be dead." Upon getting closer I 
saw he had only a flesh wound and had not bled much. 
"Friend, you are not hurt much, and you can get well if you 
will try. You are just sick from the wound." 

One of my own company (M — ) cried out from a distance: 
"I am going to take his boots." I had noticed they were 
extra fine, to my mind worth about twelve dollars. "No," 
said I ; "you cannot take his boots. This is my prisoner, and 
I will see that his boots are not taken from him." Upon 
coming closer M— swore that he would take the boots ; so I 
tried to reason with him, but without effect, as he continued 
to clamor for the boots. At last I said: "This is my prisoner, 
and as long as I have a load in my gun you are not going to 
take them." The wounded Yankee had not at first looked at 
me, but he now turned his head and was looking me squarely 
in the face. I shall never forget the kind expression and 
evidence of confidence he had in me. I said to my comrade: 
"I would go barefooted the fest of my days before I would 
take the boots off of a wounded man." As the man wished 
to be moved to the shade of a tree, I ordered M — to help 
me, and we placed him in the shade. I put a soft chunk 
under his head, took off his boots, and placed them under his 
head on the chunk, as the tops of the boots were soft and 
made a good pillow. I then bade him good-by, expressing the 
hope that he would get back to his people. 

I was immediately detailed to go to the rear to wait on the 
wounded of our brigade. This was two or three miles to th 
rear, and when I got there I found that the hospital was an 
old log house, the floor covered with the wounded of our 
brigade. A small space in the middle was left so the nurses 
could walk between the wounded. Here I found Captain 
Parton, whom I saw fall in battle. One or two were almost 
crazy from wounds. I noticed one trooper take his pistol 
from the scabbard and point forward, saying: "I am going to 
shoot the Yankees." Having only two nurses to twenty-five 
or thirty men, we quietly slipped the pistols from all we 
could and hid them in the corner of the house. 

About eight days later I was called back to my regiment. 
In passing back over the battle field I saw wounded and 
dead Federals lying in a space not larger than twenty-five feet 
square who had never been touched by nurse or doctor. They 
were crying, "Water, water, water," their long hair standing 
out in all directions, glued together with blood. The dead 
among them were swollen twice or three times their natural 
size. But I noticed no dead or wounded Confederates. I 
was a_nxious to know why the Federals had not looked after 
their men ; but when I passed by a very large tent flying the 
United States flag, I saw wounded Federals lying as thick 
as they could be placed. 

And this was war, and "war is hell." O that we could 
have had a Woodrow Wilson at Washington then as now! 



Qopfederat^ l/eterar?. 



75 



THAT FURLOUGH. 



BY R. J. DEW, TRENTON, TENN. 



During the winter of 1864, while the Army of Tennessee 
was camped at Dalton, Ga., I asked for a furlough to Oxford, 
Miss., as Tennessee was at that time held by the enemy. To 
my surprise, my request was granted ; so early in the morn- 
ing Lieutenant Day (now Rev. J. B. Day) and I bade fare- 
well to the boys with hearts set on going to West Tennessee. 
The evening of the first day found us in Atlanta, and after a 
short stay we were soon on the road to Montgomery ; but 
before reaching that city we heard bad news regarding our 
trip, and Lieutenant Day, deciding to take no risks, spent his 
time with the good people of Opelika. However, I went on, 
feeling lonely over the loss of my traveling companion. On 
reaching Montgomery I learned that I could not get a boat 
until the next evening. Late in that afternoon the hoarse 
whistle warned me that she would soon weigh anchor. 
Haversack in hand, I hurried toward the river, but imagine 
my surprise before reaching the wharf to see Lieutenant Day 
standing on the hurricane roof waving his hat. Feeling blue 
over being left, he had taken the next train and was first on 
board the boat. It was a happy meeting, A pleasant trip 
down the Alabama brought us the next day to Selma, only 
to meet additional discouragement. Furloughed soldiers re- 
turning to camp told us that we could not pass Demopolis. 
We were greatly upset, but took the first train in that direc- 
tion. On the way we held a counsel as to farther plans. Day 
decided that the trip would be too hazardous, but I was still 
determined to go on. The train slowed up and stopped on a 
big farm, and on leaving the car Day said, "I will spend my 
furlough at the farmhouse yonder." at the same time handing 
me a letter to his wife. With a warm grasp of the hand, he 
was off. The train moved on ; our journey together had 
ended. 

Just as the train moved off a soldier boy, a mere youth, 
slender and pale, who had heard our conversation, came and 
asked that he might go along with me to his home in Tennes- 
see. I surveyed the little stranger closely, at last telling him 
regretfully that when I left the railroad, which I expected 
to do soon, he could never keep up with me ; that I belonged 
to the infantry. He insisted, as only a boy can. that he could 
and would give me no trouble. His youthful appearance 
touched my sympathy, and when I consented to take him the 
joy of his countenance repaid me. We left the railroad be- 
fore reaching Demopolis and took up line of march north- 
west, meeting before we reached Columbus, Miss., many fami- 
lies refugeeing, almost panic-stricken, before the reported ad- 
vance of General Smith, who was at the time moving south 
from Memphis. The constant warning of these people caused 
us to change our route ; so we turned north into the moun- 
tains of Alabama, keeping the Tombigbce between us and the 
Yankees and walking almost around the headwaters of that 
river through a country at that time dangerous. After en- 
countering many sad disappointments, we at length reached 
Iuka. Mis? , with only one word of cheer, that from 
McNairy, of General Cheatham's staff, whom by chance we 
met. 

Leaving Iuka the next evening, we found ourselves, in a 
deserted waste of country on the banks of the Tennessee, 
night approaching and lost, badly lost. The Yankees tented 
on the other side of the river. Bew-ildered, we stood gazing, 
and while thus engaged two or three soldiers got into a big 
skiff, taking a dog with them, and began to row toward us. 



That made me nervous. I turned to the boy and said : "They 
will try to capture us with the dog. We must get away so 
we can kill the dog before the soldiers overtake us." With 
this warning, like a deer I went through the woods, closely 
followed by my little comrade, not stopping until we were 
lost in darkness. We heard nothing more of the soldiers or 
their dog. After hours of wandering in the dark the rest of 
the night was spent on Shiloh battle field with some kind old 
people. We occupied an office room in their yard. 

Worn out with fatigue, the boy was sleeping sweetly when 
at early dawn our host crept softly in and made us a fire. 
While sitting there, patiently awaiting our awakening, in 
w-alked two savage-looking men with murderous old rifles. 
After some minor questions they asked about us. In bed and 
without the shadow of a chance to escape. I thought my time 
had come. But the old gentleman, used to emergencies, as- 
sured them that we were Rebel deserters going home, at 
which they seemed satisfied and soon left. Our host informed 
us that they were desperate men and bushwhackers and that 
we must hurry out of the country. Fully satisfying himself 
that the unwelcome visitors were gone, he kindly volunteered 
his services to pilot us out of immediate danger. Without 
coat or hat, through the dreary woods of the desolate battle 
groun'd, he led the way. the cold wind playing witli his long. 
thin, and almost white hair, making a picture I cannot for- 
get. After walking some distance through this silence and 
desolation, a point was reached where I remembered to have 
been once before. He then gave us a parting blessing and 
slowdy turned toward his home, we hurrying on in the direc- 
tion of Purdy, the home of the noted Colonel Hurst. 

A few days more, and our long journey was ended, W'c 
at last reached the forks of the road not far from the home 
of my boy comrade, where I bade him good-by after a weary 
pilgrimage of more than four hundred miles, much of the 
way through pathless woods and over rugged mountains, 
riding one Sunday on a wagon at a dollar a mile. The name 
of this youthful soldier has gone from my memory. Is he 
living? Who can tell? Wounded in the army, disabled, and 
discharged from service. I reached my home, not far from 
Lexington, Tenn., in February, 1864, the remainder of the 
trip being made in safety. Home, sweet home! Father, 
mother, the younger children were there. The wandering 
boy knows the joy of being once more at home. It was a 
great surprise to them, for when last heard of I was wounded 
at Chickamauga. No other tidings reached them until I 
walked into their presence that dark, snowy evening. That 
happy meeting can be compared only to the meeting that 
awaits the faithful in the "home beyond the skies." I had 
only a few days at home, as my furlough had already expired. 
Mounted and well clad, I turned my face southward. Forrest 
had defeated General Smith and driven him back to Memphis. 
To Lieutenant Day I carried a letter and a pair of socks 
from his good wife, whom I met on my way South. 

The half has not been told of what happened while I was 
running the gauntlet on that furlough. 



Bui. Art's "Letter to Lincoln." — Mr. Lincoln, sir. have 
you any late news from Harper's Ferry? I heard that Stone 
W. Jackson kept the parole for a few days and that about 
fourteen thousand crossed over in twenty-four hours. He 
is a smart ferryman, sure. Do your folks know how to make 
it pay? It's a bad crossing, but I suppose it is a heap safer 
than Ball's Bluff or Shepherdstown. 



76 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai?. 



JACKSON'S W INTER CAMPAIGN IN 1862. 

BY P. S. HACY, ABINGDON, VA. 

Thrilling transactions of long ago stand out in memory as 
a silhouette against the flight of time, and so also the unusual 
that bring about great suffering and distress to the partici- 
pants of an event. Doubtless there was no episode during the 
War between the States that entailed more real acute bodily 
suffering and discomfort to the troops engaged therein than 
that of General Jackson's winter campaign in 1862. The re- 
sult of this campaign and the suffering and fatality following 
many of the troops by exposure will justify no favorable ver- 
dict in its behalf. Neither can it be said that good general- 
ship marked its conception or its execution. Its intent was 
on a sound basis, if we take no note of the ability of the South 
to ward off the impending bolts of war in preparation and 
known to be accumulating at all accessible points to hurl 
against us at the opening of the season of activity that was 
so near at hand. With the large number of troops called into 
service by President Lincoln's proclamation and their almost 
unlimited resources to draw from, common prudence seem- 
ingly ought to have dictated a careful husbanding and care- 
ful preparation in every conceivable way to have the troops 
of the South in as good condition to prove efficient in the 
defense of their country at the needed hour, rather than to 
have exposed unseasoned troops to the rigor of a North Vir- 
ginia midwinter campaign. Its successful execution under 
the unfavorable influences attending it was a moral impossi- 
bility, and the eclat to be hoped for in an expedition of the 
kind was lost. Let us contemplate what would have happened 
at Kernstown only a few weeks later if General Jackson had 
had with him the per cent of troops lost in this winter ex- 
pedition. This was the opening battle of the season, when and 
where, with 2,742 infantry, a few cavalry, and two or three 
batteries of artillery, he had at one time the 11,000 of the 
enemy defeated ; but the grave and the hospital give the 
answer. This article will deal more in stubborn facts than 
willful criticism in recording the incidents of this memorable 
campaign. 

The first day of January, 1862, opened as one of the pret- 
tiest, warm and balmy, the atmosphere charged with the redo- 
lence of yet lingering flowers. The temperature lulled into 
confidence the unsuspecting soldier, who, when called upon 
to march, stripped himself of blanket, extra clothing, and, 
indeed, all extras, and placed them in the baggage wagon, to 
be retrieved by him at the time of need. On this morning 
General Jackson mustered the troops he had gathered around 
Winchester, in Frederick County, Va., his command in all 
arms numbering close to ten thousand men, and started north- 
west on the Pewtown Road for some point, his closest friends 
did hot know where. After passing Pewtown he turned his 
column to the northeast and advanced toward Bath (now 
Berkeley Springs), in Morgan County. After a march of 
eighteen or twenty miles the troops went into camp, expect- 
ing their baggage wagons to come up. The crowded condi- 
tion of the road, caused by advancing troops, rendered it im- 
possible for the most of the wagons to pass along in time to 
find their different commands; therefore a large per cent of 
the army were destitute of tents, blankets, provisions, and 
every comfort and necessity the wagons contained; and, to 
add to their discomfort, the weather had undergone a change, 
turning cold and threatening rain or snow, making it impossi- 
ble for the troops to secure comfort except by keeping up 
fires during the night, a task difficult to do even in a timbered 



country without axes, while hunger and the lack of natural 
rest showed the effect it was having upon the temper of the 
troops. Some few wagons got through early in the morning, 
relieving some of the commands, but they were exceptions. 
General Jackson was relentless and ordered the troops for- 
ward. While passing along the road, it is said, he came up 
with the Stonewall Brigade, whose wagons had come up that 
morning, and the men were cooking their breakfast. He ap- 
proached General Garnett, who had succeeded him in com- 
mand of the brigade, and wanted to know the reason of his 
delay. 

"I have halted to let the men cook rations, General," was 
Garnett's reply. "There is no time for that," replied Jackson 
briefly. "But it is impossible for the men to march farther 
without them." "I never found anything impossible with that 
brigade," answered Jackson in his curtest tone. (J Esten 
Cooke, page 90.) 

As the day advanced the intensity of the weather became 
greater. By noon it was raining, and by night it was sleeting 
and freezing. The command was now approaching Bath, and 
after the turn of the evening Jackson found his advance guard, 
a portion of the 48th Virginia under Colonel Campbell, fiercely 
attacked by a strong body of the enemy posted behind fences 
and other shelter, from which they poured into the Confed- 
erates advancing a fire of considerable volume, but doing little 
execution. The enemy held their ground until reinforcements 
were brought up under Colonel Patton, when they fell back 
on their main body, leaving in the Confederates' hands twenty 
or more prisoners. This transaction took place a considerable 
distance in front of Bath and terminated just at dark, when 
the army went into camp for the second night, the wagons 
again failing to get to the relief of a large portion of the 
commands, who were still without food, shelter, or axes, the 
severity of the weather still increasing. 

As night came on it sleeted and froze, so that everything, 
as well as the ground, was covered with ice the next morning, 
rendering the condition of many of the troops very distressing. 
Under this unfavorable condition Jackson's word was, "Press 
forward !" The army broke camp and started for the town, 
and on its approach the enemy made a precipitate retreat, 
running over a body of militia General Jackson had sent 
around in their rear to intervene between them and the river. 
Colonel Ashby followed with his cavalry, and the enemy, 
after removing the impediments in his rear, showed a dis- 
position to dispute the ground before crossing the river, when 
some cannonading ensued. The enemy retained his position 
during the day and at night recrossed the Potomac River by 
wading, the night being severely cold. 

The enemy left considerable supplies, which proved quite 
acceptable to the hungry troops. Among other things which 
they abandoned in their hurry to get away were a number of 
fine uniforms, which were appropriated by Confederate of- 
ficers. Many camp luxuries also fell into the hands of the 
Confederates and much of the plunder which had been gath- 
ered from the citizens of the surrounding country. General 
Jackson, leaving Bath the morning of the 5th, drew his army 
up in front of Hancock on the Maryland side, the river be- 
tween them. The town was occupied at the time by General 
Lander with a considerable force. General Jackson placed 
his artillery in position to open on the town, after which he 
sent forward a flag of truce by General Ashby demanding 
its surrender. On refusal of the summons Jackson again 
sent the flag of truce with the statement that he would give 
them two hours to remove the women and children out of 



^opfederat^ l/eterai). 



77 



danger, and at the end of that time he would put his ar- 
tillery in action against the city if not surrendered. Much 
stir was noticeable in the town. At the expiration of the 
time limit General Jackson directed his artillery on that part 
of the town occupied by the enemy. The Federal batteries 
replying, a brisk cannonade lasted for some time. When it 
died down for the day, no material damage had been done on 
either side. The next day the cannonading was resumed, bin 
soon again ceased. This ended the attack on Hancock, but a 
considerable amount of stores left by the detachment of Fed- 
eral troops stationed on the south side of the river fell into 
Confederate hands. 

From this point an expedition under Colonel Rust — com- 
posed of his regiment, the 3d Arkansas, one other regiment, 
and a battery — was sent against the Baltimore and Ohio Rail- 
road with instructions to destroy the railroad bridge over 
Capon River and do as much other damage to the railroad as 
their means would admit. This service was performed by the 
destruction of the bridge and the tearing up of much of the 
road, which proved of great disadvantage for a time to the 
Federals, it being the main artery of travel westward from 
Washington City. This service done, the detachment rejoined 
the main army in front of Hancock. General Jackson re- 
mained in front of Hancock until he removed all the cap- 
tured stores and then turned his course toward Romney, in 
Hampshire County, where General Kelley was posted with a 
Federal army estimated at from six to eight thousand men. 

By this time General Jackson had divested his mind of the 
eclat of a surprise, for his movement had become necessarily 
slow on account of the continued severe weather, and news 
travels faster than a half frozen army can or will. The coun- 
try was under a glaze of ice and snow. There had been 
moderation of the atmosphere enough to dampen the snow, 
followed by weather below zero, so heavy a crust of ice 
forming as often to bear up the entire train of army wa 
It was with the greatest uncertainty that the regimental 
Wagons would or could come to us, let the distance be 
so short between camps. It is related that it took from day- 
light until 3 p.m. for one train of wagons and artillery to 
pass one hill point. 

"The difficulties of the march were fourfold for the trains 
and artillery. The roads were covered with ice two inches 
thick and so thoroughly glazed by the sleet that horses and 
men kept their feet only by the greatest exertion. Men were 
slipping and their guns going off along the line. Thousands 
fell flat every day, and both men and animals were often 
seriously hurt. The knees and muzzles of the horses were 
terribly injured, and they were seen limping along, crippled 
and streaming with blood; but still Jackson continued his 
march. Wagon after wagon slid off the steep and slippery 
roads and turned bottom upwards despite every attempt made 
to steady them." (Cooke, page 93.) 

General Jackson was everywhere along the line, giving en- 
couragement and often set the example of imparting physical 
help to a stalled wagon or a disheartened horse. The heart- 
rending scenes that sometimes rose to view and frequently 
placed before us by the suffering of the people in that part 
of the country in which these movements took place was feel- 
ingly touching. It appeared at times that the Federal soldier 
esteemed it his duty to kill and destroy and do all damage 
possible to the weak and defenseless, leaving alone to them 
their woes as a heritage to linger with them. Nothing was 
too sacred for them to defde and destroy, and no tender 
human attachment that bound together family circles was 



a safeguard in the hearts of some miserable wretches who 
were a curse and terror to the inhabitants of this section. 

One noted regiment which figured in this part of the coun- 
try and left a trail of blood and misery the 37th Virginia 
had the pleasure of meeting at Kernstown, with a stone wall 
between them, and there and then gave them such a castiga- 
tion that the 5th Ohio, it was reported, became almost an 
unorganized force. It was reported that at a large tanyard 
these marauders shot the man of the house, he falling in his 
doorway, after which they put the family, consisting of wife 
and children, out without the privilege of taking anything 
with them and burned the house over the man. They then 
killed every- domestic thing on the place. This writer counted 
twenty-two fat hogs that were killed and left in their pen, 
milch cows, dogs, cats — indeed, there was no domestic thing 
left alive, the horses and poultry no doubt being appropriated 
10 their use. The tanyard was burned, as well as every out- 
house on the premises. At one point on the road for a space 
"f seven miles every house, outhouse, and barn was burned 
and nothing left to indicate that the country had been in- 
habited but their ruins. 

Having accomplished the feat of clearing Morgan County 
of the enemy. General Jackson then directed his course toward 
Romney, in Hampshire County. Falling back to Unger's store, 
he sent his sick to the hospital at Winchester and then pushed 
forward by way of Slane's Crossroads, crossing Great Capon 
River, and finally arrived at Romney with a much-exhausted 
army. The enemy, under General Kelley, first determined to 
hold and defend the town, but finally withdrew in a panic 
and fled across the Potomac River, leaving in the Confederate 
hands a considerable amount of stores. 

As to the composition of the troops led by Jackson in this 
expedition, a little light thrown thereon will elucidate and 
explain the feeling that existed between him and Gen. W. W. 
l.oring and also entertained by the different portions of the 
army originally commanded by each in their separate spheres. 
Like all unnecessaries, it proved an evil to the service. It 
was understood that the two generals had equal authority in 
the management of the expedition, and this proved an evil, 
for Jackson ignored it, and a feeling of estrangement arose 
between the two generals that was participated in by the 
subaltern officers ami the privates. J. Fsten Cook says : 
"Jackson was regarded as a man of weak judgment and de- 
ficient intellect, who accidentally attained his position, and 
the report was industriously circulated that he cared nothing 
For the men of Loring's command. With this the camp had 
buzzed at Winchester, and the hardships of the winter ex- 
pedition had added virulence to the sentiment." 

General Loring was a West Point graduate and had at- 
tained a favorable reputation for military skill in the war 
with Mexico. After General Garnett was killed on the Laurel 
Hill retreat, he was sent up to take command of the Confed- 
erate troops in that mountainous region. He stood in high 
favor with the troops, and in a short time they begin to 
idolize him. When in December. 1861, he was ordered with 
a large portion of his force to Winchester, in the Valley of 
Virginia, the two favorite generals were brought together, 
the Loring forces outnumbering those General Jackson al- 
readj had at that point Friction between the two forces 
soon began to crop out, as well as between the two com- 
manders, and this spirit between them lasted until the activi- 
ties of the spring campaigns began and Jackson proved his 
great ability as a military leader Romnej was in Confed 
erate hands, but the Federals yet had control of a part of 



78 



Qopfederat^ l/eterap. 



Hampshire County. Some skirmishing between detachments 
of the opposing forces took place, but no action of magnitude 
occurred. The 37th Virginia, with the 3d Arkansas Regiment, 
all under Colonel Rust, was reconnoitering toward Little 
Capon Bridge when it fell into ambuscade by the enemy at 
night posted across and along the railroad. A sharp skirmish 
ensued, the enemy soon yielding in retreat, after some casual- 
ties, to the Confederates. In John O. Casler*s "Four Years 
in the Stonewall Brigade." page 64, is given a good sum- 
ming up of the results of the campaign : "We were out nearly 
one month and had miserable weather all the time and did 
no fighting except some little skirmishing, but we lost more 
men from sickness than if we had been engaged in a big bat- 
tle. We accomplished nothing, for the enemy retreated across 
the Potomac, only to come back again as soon as we left. 
Winchester was full of soldiers sick with pneumonia, and 
they died by the hundreds." 

The results of the campaign were such as could be accom- 
plished. General Jackson could only hope that the ground he 
had retrieved from the enemy would remain so. In this he 
was doomed to disappointment, for this very section of coun- 
try proved to be a ground of contention until the Confeder- 
ates were forced from the country. To appearances all had 
been done that had been planned for at the beginning, and it 
had come to the time to arrange the results gained. To do 
this the Stonewall Brigade was ordered to return to their 
winter quarters at Winchester and the Loring Division or- 
dered to remain at Romney and police that and the surround- 
ing country. This arrangement seemed to suit General Jack- 
son and the Stonewall Brigade all right 1 but it must be re- 
membered that where there are two parties it takes the two 
to make a contract. It was claimed to be wholly one-sided 
by the Loring view, and they alleged that General Jackson 
was "taking care of his pets" ; so steps were at once taken to 
enter their complaint and lay the matter before the authori- 
ties at Richmond. The result was that only a few days 
elapsed before orders came to General Loring from the Rich- 
mond authorities to fall back with his command on Win- 
chester, which place they reached on the 7th of February. 
Much adverse feeling was engendered on both sides, and the 
action of the Richmond authorities caused General Jackson 
to resign his position in the army; and it was only by much 
persuading that the country did not lose his valuable services 
afterwards. 

What a perfect mirror time is, and how clearly is shown 
the duty of men in after years, when it is too late ! 



THE REAL NATION. 
There was a time when nations came to be 
Because they were locked in from sea to sea, 
Because they lay between great mountain ranges high, 
Because a people spoke one language commonly, 
Because they claimed one common worship-creed, 
Because they were of but one race, one breed. 
Because some institution held them true — 
The Church, the army, or the union — through 
Peculiar mode of living, government. But none 
Of these things count, when all is said and done, 
For perpetuity in any nation's life : there needs must be 
A greater element, a purpose grounded in real unity; 
There must be underneath and over all that strong, 
True, vital principle, unselfishness, which lives 
For service to the race, which grows because it gives. 
— D. G. Bickers, in Macon Telegraph. 



A GEORGIA COMMAND IN ACTIVE SERVICE. 

BY JOHN W. HIGGINS, GRAPEVINE, TEX. 

On April 20, 1861, I enlisted from Dade County, Ga., in 
Company B, known as the "Lookout Infantry," which became 
a part of the 6th Georgia Regiment of Infantry, A. H. Col- 
quitt being our first colonel. We reached Richmond, Va., on 
the 31st of May. From there we were ordered to Yorktown 
and got there on the 3d of June, 1861, remaining there under 
drill until April, 1862. 

When McClellan's army laid siege to Yorktown on the 4th 
or 5th of May, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston being in command, we 
evacuated the place and fell back up the Peninsula westward 
toward Richmond. McClellan's army overtaking our rear 
guard forced us to stand and give battle at Williamsburg, 
the old colonial capital of Virginia. 

Johnston's attack on the west wing of the Federal army on 
May 31, 1862, resulted in the battle of Seven Pines, in which 
battle our company had a total of fifty-five men, nine of whom 
were killed on the field and nineteen were wounded, of whom 
a number died later. All of these casualties of Company B 
took place in about seven minutes. 

General Johnston having been wounded on the 31st, Gen. 
Robert. E. Lee was assigned to the command of this army on 
the 2d of June, 1862. On the 26th of June he attacked the 
right wing of the Federal army. The fighting continued for 
seven days, my company participating in four of the seven 
battles : Mechanicsville, Cold Harbor, White Oak Swamp, and 
Malvern Hill. In the battle of Cold Harbor my company lost 
six killed and sixteen wounded, and a few were wounded in 
the other three battles, but none were killed. At Malvern 
Hill my regiment was under Stonewall Jackson and fought 
on the left center of Jackson's Corps. My regiment reached 
the top of the hill three times, but in each instance we were 
repulsed and driven back. Very soon after the battle the 
Confederate army began to move north to meet the Federal 
army under Pope, and on August 9 a considerable battle en- 
sued, in which Jackson defeated Pope. The two armies ma- 
neuvered for several days. Jackson finally moving around the 
west wing of Pope's army, taking position between this west 
wing and Washington City at Manassas ; and there on the 
28th, 29th, and 30th of August he fought the second battle 
of Manassas and expelled the Federal army from the field, 
it retreating into Washington. 

In the meantime the Confederate army marched into Mary- 
land by the fords of the Potomac River and took possession 
of Frederick. From this point General Jackson was detached 
from this army to capture, if possible, Harper's Ferry, D. H. 
Hill and other commands engaging McLoud's army at South 
Mountain to keep McClellan from approaching Jackson's 
rear, all of which resulted in the fall of Harper's Ferry on 
the 15th of September, 1862. After this General Lee concen- 
trated his army at or near Sharpsburg, and in the battle of 
Sharpsburg, on September 17, 1862, my regiment lost six of- 
ficers in command, all being killed. The seventh commander 
of this regiment was wounded and taken prisoner on the 
field. My company's loss in this battle was six killed and 
about eighteen or nineteen wounded. I and two others were 
the only surviving members present and able for service when 
the battle closed. Lee's army remained on the field confront- 
ing the enemy until the early night of September 18, when we 
began to fall back and recrossed the Potomac into Virginia. 

At this stage of the war General Burnside superseded Mc- 
Clellan as commander of the Army of the Potomac and at 



Qopfederat^ V/eteraip. 



79 



once began his move on to Richmond via Fredericksburg; but 
Lee concentrated his army in front of Burnside and defeated 
him on the 13th of December, 1862, at Fredericksburg, forcing 
the Federals to recross the Rappahannock River. After this 
Burnside was superseded by General Hooker, who recrossed 
the Rappahannock in the last days of April and early in May 
and was attacked and defeated by General Lee with only 
about two-thirds of his army, three divisions of Longstreet's 
Corps being absent in Southeast Virginia. This was the battle 
of Chancellorsville, where the great Jackson was wounded. 

After this battle Colquitt's Brigade, of which the 6th Geor- 
gia was a part, was detached from the Army of Northern 
Virginia and sent South to Kinston, N. C, from which point 
we were transferred to Charleston, S. C, and fought the 
enemy on James Island on the 16th of July, 1863, forcing 
them back under cover of their gunboats. We then garrisoned 
James Island and Battery Wagner on Morris Island and Fort 
Sumter until the 9th of February, 1864, at which time we were 
put aboard cars and sent to Savannah and from there on to 
Florida, meeting Seymour's army on the 20th of that month 
in the battle of Olustee, or Ocean Pond, driving him back to 
Jacksonville. The casualties of my company in this short 
but hotly contested battle were eight killed, only a few being 
wounded. Soon after this battle we marched north through 
the Ocanoca Swamps, striking the Gulf and Savannah Rail- 
road, over which we were again transferred to Virginia, get- 
ting to Drewry's Bluff in time to participate in that battle on 
the 16th of May, 1864. Three regiments of Colquitt's Di- 
vision, my regiment being one of them, were held in reserve 
in the beginning of the fight, finally being sent to the extreme 
left to assist Gracie's Brigade; and we turned the enemy's 
right from the James River, doubling it back and driving it 
to the westward on or toward their center. During this fight- 
ing through the woods a six- or eight-pound shell burst over 
us, wounding sixteen men. I was among the number; but. 
finding my wounds not serious, I continued on with my com- 
pany throughout the entire engagement. In this light our 
ammunition became exhausted, and we were ordered to lie 
down and seek such shelter as the surroundings afforded. 
Four of us took shelter behind one small tree, and my three 
comrades were wounded, while I escaped unscathed. After 
this battle Butler retreated, under the protection of his gun- 
boats, to Bermuda Hundred, where we besieged him for 
about two weeks, when he withdrew from his position across 
the James and joined Meade's army on the left. 

Very soon after this we crossed the James River on pon- 
toon bridges and joined Lee's right on the old battle field of 
Cold Harbor on June 1, and there on the 3d of June we 
fought the second battle of Cold Harbor, in which the lines 
of battle ivcre some eighteen or nineteen miles long. The 
enemy rushed our position early in the morning and suc- 
ceeded in breaking our line in two places. We regained the 
lost ground at one point early in the fight, but failed to en- 
tirely regain the other point. This battle, to my mind, was 
the bloodiest of the entire war, the dead lying in heaps in 
front of our position. I might except the fight at Spottsyl- 
vania C. H. on the 12th of May. 1864, when Grant asked per- 
mission three different times to bury his dead, which was 
granted ; and yet quite a number of the boys in blue were left 
to be buried by us. 

About the nth or 12th of June Grant withdrew from our 
front, crossed the James River, and attacked Petersburg. Col- 
quitt's Brigade was ordered to Petersburg, arriving there on 
the night of June 16, when the siege of Petersburg properly 



began ; and our brigade was on the tiring line at various points 
almost daily until the 28th of September, 1864. On the 19th 
of August we were in the battle on the Weldon Railroad and 
then back to the ditches again until September 28, when Col- 
quitt was ordered across the James to take back Fort Harri- 
son. On the 30th of September the following brigade com- 
manders were ordered to do this work by a concerted attack: 
Colquitt and Clingman in center, Denning and Anderson on 
left, and Martin and Haygood on right. But by some mis- 
carriage or misconception of the plans the effort to retake 
this fort failed, resulting in a number of our men being taken 
prisoners, the writer among the number. I was carried to 
Point Lookout and held until June 27, 1865, when I was 
paroled and furnished free transportation to Chattanooga, 
Tenn. I am now seventy-five years old and still think I 
fought in a just cause. 



S / EELES ESCAPE AT JENKINS'S FERRY 

BY C. .1. HANKS, GKRMANTOWN. TENN. 

In his article in the Veteran of December, page 545, P. S. 
Hag)- is badly off in regard to General Steele. No doubt it 
was the intention of Steele and Banks to unite at Shreveport ; 
but after leaving Little Rock General Steele had reached 
Camden, Ark., on his march to meet Banks when he learned 
that the latter had been beaten by General Taylor. Steele 
started back to Little Rock by way of Pine Bluff. Comrade 
Hagy says Steele was met at Jenkins Ferry, on Sabine River. 
He was not met at Jenkins Ferry, but was overtaken there 
by General Price. (Jenkins Ferry is on the Saline River; 
there is no Sabine River in Arkansas.) The Saline River 
is a small stream, probably fifty yards wide, between the 
Arkansas and Ouachita Rivers. I was on General Churchill's 
MatT at the time and was in the battle with him. I belonged 
on Gen. Dandridge McRae's staff, but had gone South with 
him from Jackson, Woodruff County, where we had been re- 
uniting. Having no command of his own, he volunteered on 
t ieneral Price's staff and I on General Churchill's. 

It had been raining for a day or two, and the roads were 
in a terrible condition. The battle took place in the Saline 
River bottom, which was so boggy that neither side c uld use 
artillery; so it was purely a small arms fight. The Confed- 
erates ran one battery on the field, but it was practically use- 
less on account of the soft ground of the river bottom. 

It seemed that the fortune of war favored Steele at this 
time. Had we been able to come up with him a few hours 
earlier, we could probably have captured his army, as we 
could also have crossed the river; or if he had been a few- 
hours later the river would have been out of its banks, and 
he could not have crossed. As it was, the river was just 
bank full, and he had just time to cross on a pontoon, which 
he destroyed as soon as he was over ; and as we had no pon- 
toon, he made his escape. He was encumbered by a great 
many negroes with every kind of vehicle and all kinds of 
plunder taken by them. The last of Steele's troops to cross 
the river were negroes, and this was the first time I had met 
any negro troops. I think Steele's idea was to sacrifice his 
negroes if necessary to save his white troops. It was a very 
severe fight and cost us some fine officers and a good many 
men. The fight lasted for some three or four hours or more. 
We had with us the cavalry of Generals Fagan and Marma- 
duke. 



8o 



Qopfederat^ l/eterap. 



IN THE YEAR 1S61. 

COMPILED BY JOHN C. STILES, BRUNSWICK, GA. 

Volume I., "Official Records." 

-17a/. Robert Anderson, of Sumter Fame. — A Southern 
writer said that as Major Anderson was born in the noble 
old "dark and bloody ground" of Kentucky he would be found 
on the side of the South when the Union was dismembered. 
But he stayed with the Union and made about as large a 
commotion in the rest of the war as a ripple caused by a stone 
thrown into the Atlantic. 

Americans as Fighters. — General Beauregard said that two 
thousand Americans ought to beat twice that number of any 
troops trying to land in Charleston Harbor. He evidently did 
not class the Yankees as Americans. 

Floating Battery Constructed by Confederates. — The float- 
ing battery intended to breach the walls of Sumter went 
ashore and is now a fixed fortification. This was, I think, 
the first effort in history of such a weapon. 

A Rasli Boast. — Governor Moore, of Louisiana, said : "The 
people of Louisiana are one and cannot be subdued." He 
changed his mind later, however. 

C. S. A. Bounty First on Record. — A bounty of $30 was 
promised all men who enlisted in the regular army of the 
Confederacy. Note that "promised" is in italics. 

Extraordinary Cannon.-— Governor Pickens, of South Caro- 
lina, tells of the arrival of a fine gun that threw a shell with 
the accuracy of a dueling pistol on a charge of only one and 
one-half pounds of powder. Evidently powder had more 
force in those days than at the present. 

Cartridge Bags. — General Whiting reports from Wilming- 
ton : "I have started the ladies making cartridge bags, and 
that keeps their little hearts quiet." And that was going 
some. 

Confederacy Recognized by the United States. — General 
Bragg said that the blockade of Pensacola was an acknowl- 
edgment of the national existence and independence of tin- 
Confederacy. Whether they did recognize our independence, 
I am not sure, but before they tackled us many times I am 
certainly sure they at least recognized that we were some 
belligerents. 

Cotton as Breastworks. — General Ripley states that one shot 
from the enemy entered an embrasure, but that no damage 
was done, as it was stopped by a bale of cotton. This idea 
was probably taken from Old Hickory's defense of New Or- 
leans, where, it is said, he had cotton bales and molasses 
puncheons to slow the Britishers up. I would judge that a 
molasses cask hit by a cannon ball would make a hideous 
mess. 

First Death Consequent of the War. — On January 26 Thad- 
deus S. Strawinski, aged eighteen years, private in the Co- 
lumbia Artillery, South Carolina Troops, was accidently killed 
by a shot from a revolver. So a ball was started with the 
youth of the South. 

Spoiling for a Fight. — A gentleman in Pensacola wails that 
the troops are dispirited by inaction, despondent at the thought 
of never having a fight ; only in for twelve months, but want 
a place for the war. And they got it both ways from the 
middle. 

C. S. A. Flag First Under Fire. — General Beauregard sent 
the flag that waved over Moultrie to the War Department, 
saying that as it was the first Confederate flag ever under 
fire he thought it worthy preserving. That flag had three 
shots through it. 



South Carolina Flags. — Morris Island batteries floated a red 
flag with a white palmetto and Fort Moultrie a white one 
with a green palmetto. South Carolinians will have to say 
which was the official color. 

Florida Looking Out for Herself. — Governor Perry tells 
the War Department that two thousand men are needed for 
the defense of the State, and if "We are to take care of our- 
selves say so." And they came mighty near having to do it 
too. 

C. S. A. Fuses. — General Beauregard writes from Charles- 
ton that the shells sent cannot be used, as there were no fuses 
with them. Same old story happened all through the war. 

Frightful Hardships. — A Confederate officer during the 
siege of Fort Sumter reported : "In the midst of the greatest 
exposure to the most inclement weather (in the month of 
April) many were bivouacking in the open air without any 
covering; many more sheltered by wide burrows in the sand 
hills; not a murmur of complaint was made." Wasn't ii 
awful as compared to Petersburg and other salubrious places 
later in the war? 

Fall of New Orleans Foretold. — General Beauregard pre- 
dicted that one steamer with two or three big guns could go 
up to New Orleans and in a few hours lay the city under a 
forced contribution of millions of dollars. Which was done 
in a way. 

Ranges of Firing at Fort Sumter. — Fort Moultrie to Sum- 
ter. 1,900 yards; Fort Johnson, to Sumter, 2,450 yards; Mor- 
ris Island to Sumter, 2,400 yards. With the guns of to-day 
at these ranges it would be like shooting birds on the ground. 

Search Lights. — General Beauregard reports that the Drum- 
mond lights had arrived, but no operator with them. To the 
Confederacy, I think, belongs the honor of the first use of 
these powerful aids to warfare. 

The First Shot of the War.- — The first shot of the war was 
fired on January 9 by South Carolina troops against the 
steamer Star of the West, and, as Captain Foster, U. S. A., 
puts it, "Thus the war was started." Whoever pulled the 
lanyard certainly had the satisfaction of realizing that he had 
started something. 

The First Shot Fired at Fort Sumter. — The first shot 
fired at Fort Sumter was fired by the venerable Edward Ruf- 
fin, who begged that honor. He evidently was a bloody- 
minded "venerable." 

Shot Penetration. — Major Anderson reported that the great- 
est penetration made in the walls of Sumter by any one shot 
was twenty-two inches. Comparisons of this and the penetra- 
tion of the European "Jack Johnsons" of to-day are odious. 

Red-Hot Shot. — Major Anderson says : "As soon as the 
flames burst from the fort the enemy's batteries redoubled 
their fire with red-hot shot from most of their guns." We got 
the start on them with burning, but the man who made war 
what he is supposed to have called it made our efforts appear 
puerile in that line. 

Volume II., "Official Records." 

Waste of Ammunition. — General Lee issued a circular to 
the effect that one man had been killed and several wounded 
by the reckless waste of ammunition around the camps and 
hoped that the troops would pay regard to the importance of 
economizing their supply, so vital at all times. That was. 
General Lee's fault; he invariably hoped, wished, or trusted 
instead }f demanding. 



Qoi?federat^ l/eterag. 



8 1 



Well Armed. — A Virginia gentleman wrote President Davis 
that, although he already had three sons in the army, he him- 
self would personally take the field armed with rifle, shot- 
gun, pistol, and cutlass and relying upon the God of battles, 
go to meet the enemy. That gentleman was almost equal to 
a brigade later in the war. 

Failure of Confederates to Advance After Bull Run. — Gen- 
eral Beauregard said : "An army which had fought as ours 
did that day against uncommon odds, under a July sun, most 
of the time without water, and without food except a hastily 
snatched meal at dawn, was not in condition for the toil of 
an eager and effective pursuit of an enemy immediately after 
the battle. On the following day a heavy rain intervened to 
obstruct our advance with reasonable prospects of succe- 
added to this the want of cavalry force of sufficient number; 
made an efficient pursuit a military impossibility." That set- 
tles the question. He was there and also certainly a military 
man of great ability. 

Any Cause if Sustained Is Just. — General Patterson, I". S 
A., tells Colonel Townscnd: "The moral force of a just cause, 
sustained by a strong and equable government, will conquer." 
He was right. If the government is strong enough, any cause, 
whether just or unjust, will conquer. 

Chaplain Wanted. — A Virginia colonel of cavalry reported 
to the War Department that of sabers his command had few 
and wanted no more, as he much preferred hatchets as a Cav- 
alry weapon. He also asked for a chaplain, saying that hav- 
ing a fully commissioned and authenticated man oi < u«l at 
tached to his command, aside from the positive good done, 
would tend to dispel some of the unenviable soubriquets pre- 
ferred against his regiment. He needed a man of God to off- 
set those scalping hatchets. 

Militant Clergyman. — A South Carolina colonel, in hi-- re- 
port of the battle of Bull Run, mentions particularly the gal- 
lant conduct of a clergyman, whose rifle did good service. 
This goes to show that "a man's a man for a' that" and re- 
minds us of the stuttering parson captain of a battery, who, 
unable to say fire, told the gunner to "shoot the damn thing." 

Southern Copperheads. — Gen. Henry A. Wise, of Virginia, 
told General Cooper: "We are treading on snakes while aim- 
ing at the enemy. The grass of the soil we are defending is 
full of copperhead traitors." I had thought that this reptile 
was confined to the North, but this proves that some of them 
had slipped over the border. 

Jefferson Davis Compared to an Army. — General Scott. U. 
S. A., told General McDowell that "Mr. Jefferson Davis, or 
the enemy, is advancing against you. Rally and compact your 
troops to meet any emergency." General Scott surely had a 
wholesome respect for our President, even if he did call him 
"Mister," and at that he did more than General Beauregard. 
who called President Lincoln "Abraham." 

Freezing for a Fight. — A spy told General McDowell a few 
days before the Bull Run fight that, of the Southern army. 
the South Carolinians were better armed and equipped and 
"freezing for a fight." They got what they wanted, and if 
anybody fought better than they did it is not on record 

Only One Confederate Flag Captured in Bull Run Cam- 
paign. — Colonel Hcintzelman, II. S. A., reported that his com- 
mand picked up a secession flag at Fairfax Station and adds 
that it was the only one captured in the campaign. If the list 
of "medals-of-honor" holders, U. S. A., is consulted, it will be 
seen that this is also the only Confederate flag captured that 
a medal was not issued for. 

Hurrah for Georgia! — President Davis tells Gen. Joseph E. 



Johnston that "Georgia tenders men for any length of service 
and to go anywhere." And it did the same thing all through 
the war. 

Grapevine News. — A deserter tells General Davis, U. S. A., 
that Gen. R. E. Lee is opposing him at Blackburn's Ford. 
General Patterson is told that Ben McCulloch, with a brigade 
of Texas sharpshooters, is approaching Harper's Ferry, 
eral McClellan is informed that Albert S. Johnston is march- 
ing into West Virginia with a large force. Which goes to 
show that "all's fair in love and war." 

A Hell Snorter.— A captain of Virginia cavalry reports that 
when he came in sight of the enemy : "1 walked my horse out 
into tin clearing in plain view and when not more than twenty 
paces from them picked out the commanding officer and shot 
him dead in his tracks. The whole party then yelled, 'Look 
out for the d— Virginia horsemen,' and at once fled. I rode 
into them at full speed, giving at the same time a loud 'Walla- 
Walla' war whoop, and then delivered my second shot, which 
brought another man to the ground dead. I shot the first 
through the heart and the other under the right shoulder 
blade. My third shot missed a man. but killed a sorrel mule. I 
tired only three times." From the above we deduce: First, 
that the captain was one of the army corps of descendants of 
Pocahontas on account of his war cry ; secondly, that, al- 
though his third shot missed a man, he got considerable of 
that delicacy that was liter in the war worth its weight in 
gold in Vicksburg; and. thirdly, that he was running a close 
second to the hero of San Juan Hill during the "1 
Spanko" War in 1898. 

Modesty.— Another captain of Virginia cavalry, in his re- 
port of the Bull Run affair, says: "As to the number killed 
by my command, I decline speaking, but I know it was very 
considerable." He doesn't remind us of the man that killed 
the mule. 

tarnations. — It is said that the art of oratory died in 
ill. sixties, and 1 must confess tint the following extracts 
From proclamations of Southern leaders are a cut above any- 
thing that I have ever heard : "Men of Virginia ! Men of 
Kanawha! To arms! The enemy has invaded your soil. 
Rise and strike for your, firesides and altars. Repel tin 
aggressors and preserve your honor and your rights. Come 
to the aid of your fathers, brothers, and comrades for the 
protection of your mothers, wives, and sisters." Good! "A 
reckless and unprincipled tyrant has invaded your soil. Abra- 
ham Lincoln has thrown his abolition hosts among you. Their 
war cry is 'Beauty and booty.' Your honor and that of your 
wives and daughters, your fortunes and your lives arc in- 
volved in this momentous conflict." Better! "The North has 
not openly and according to the usage of civilized nations de 
clared war on us. We make no war on them; but should 
Virginia soil be polluted by the tread of a single man in arms 
from north of the Potomac, it will cause open war. Men of 
the Potomac border, to arms! Your country calls you to her 
defense Already you have in spirit responded. You await 
hut the order to march, to rendezvous, to defend your State. 
voiir liberty, and your homes. Women of Virginia, cast from 
your arms all cowards and breathe the pure and holy, the 
liieli and glowing inspiration of your nature into the hearts 
and souls of lover, husband, brother, father, and friend. Al- 
mighty God, Author and Governor of the world, thou Source 
of all life, truth, justice and power, be thou our God, be thou 
with us. then shall we fear not a world against us." Best I 



82 



Qopfederat^ Ueterai?. 



Didn't Appreciate Being Shot At. — A captain of Virginia 
troops in Alexandria reported that his videttes were fired upon 
and forced to seek shelter, as the balls struck trees close to 
their post, and he further says that he demanded an explana- 
tion from the corporal of the United States forces opposite 
to them. These men never did get over not liking to be shot 
at, but they at least afterwards never asked for an apology. 

Volume III., "Official Records." 

Breastworks of Hemp. — Gen. Sterling Price, commonly 
known as "Old Pap," reported that in the battle of Lexing- 
ton, Mo., bales of hemp were successfully used as movable 
breastworks. Later in the war the owners of this commodity 
asked to be paid for same, but history fails to show with what 
success. 

Irish Flag Captured at Belmont from the Confederates.— 
A Union colonel reported that his regiment captured a fine 
large flag, decorated with the "Harp of Erin" on a green silk 
ground. Which goes to show that, as usual in most wars, 
Pat fought cheerfully on both sides of the question. 

Grapevine News. — Gen. Leonidas Polk writes: "We have 
heard from Virginia that Lee has met and defeated Rosecrans 
and taken almost the whole of his command prisoners." But 
the shoe was on the other foot. 

Proclamation. — The following order issued by General Polk 
after the battle of Belmont shows that the Bishop was some 
talker as well as fighter : "The major general commanding, 
with profound acknowledgment of the overruling providence 
of Almighty God, congratulates the army under his command 
on the glorious victory achieved on the 7th of November. 
The battle began under disadvantages which would have dis- 
couraged veteran troops, yet the obstinate resistance offered 
by a handful of men to an overwhelming force must long be 
a lesson to them, and the closing scenes of the day, in which 
a routed enemy was vigorously pursued, will ever be remem- 
bered in connection with that spirit of our people which has 
proclaimed in triumphant tones upon every battle field : 'We 
can and will be free.' " But Providence willed it otherwise. 

Didn't Like Their Rations. — Some Arkansas troops were 
complaining of the rations, or rather lack of them, which 
brought forth the following salty remarks from the issuing 
officer: "You Arkansas men can live on beef alone and then 
live better than you ever lived at home. You can do the 
same as Missourians ; and in a war of liberty coffee, sugar, 
and rice are not indispensable." They fought later and mighty 
well at that on heap worse than beef. 

Flowery Report. — A Missouri general, in his report of the 
Lexington fight, said : "All the men under my command acted 
with a patience, courage, and endurance worthy only of the 
cause engaged in. For more than fifty hours they lay there 
panting like hounds in summer when they scent the stately 
deer, eager not for revenge, but to teach again the minions 
of the tyrant that Missouri shall be free." But — . 

Retaliation. — A Missouri general issued the following mani- 
festo which was brought forth by an order issued by the 
Union general, Fremont, sometimes called the "Path Finder," 
which name was very appropriate when Stonewall Jackson 
got in behind him in the Valley of Virginia later in the war : 
"Whereas General Fremont, commanding the minions of 
Abraham Lincoln in the State of Missouri, has threatened to 
shoot any citizen-soldier found in arms within certain limits ; 
therefore know ye that I, , brigadier general of Mis- 



souri troops, do most solemnly promise that for every mem- 
ber of the Missouri State O ua rd who shall be put to death 
in pursuance of this said order of General Fremont I will 
hang, draw, and quarter a minion of said Abraham Lincoln." 
The brigadier would have done it too. 

Both Sides Running. — A general of Missouri State troops 
reported that his cavalry exchanged shots with the enemy, 
and both sides turned tail and headed for home; and he added 
that he intended giving his men a good lecture. And I have 
no doubt that he did. 

Sigel's Flying Dutchmen. — General Steele, U. S. A., reported 
that, in regard to what had been called Sigel's masterly re- 
treat from Springfield, it more resembled a crowd of refugees 
than an army of organized troops. He put his brigade in the 
advance, and his rear was brought up by the regulars, and 
this was the only evidence of skill manifested by him during 
his memorable retreat. General Halleck said of Sigel that 
he always had and always would run. 

State Troops. — A Missourian wrote the Secretary of War 
of the Confederate States : "The State troops were all willing 
to be transferred to the Confederate service, and not a dis- 
sent would have been made if the transfer had been made by 
order without referring to the men. They had been in the 
army for five months and had never received any pay or 
clothing; and when it was left to their individual choice, 
being naked and barefooted, the natural impulse to each in- 
dividual was, T must go home.' " And they went. Ben Mc- 
Culloch said : "I have made myself very unpopular "by speak- 
ing to them frequently about the necessity of order and dis- 
cipline in their organization. A thousand of them were put 
to flight by a single cannon shot and ran in the greatest con- 
fusion without the loss of a single man except one, who died 
of overheat or sunstroke." I will not mention the State these 
people came from, but history tells us that some of this class 
from my State "also ran." 

M. Jeff Thompson. — One of the unique figures of the war 
was Brig. Gen. M. Jeff Thompson, who wrote to General Pil- 
low (by the way, the latter general was also in this class) as 
follows : "I am working for the cause and am willing to work 
in any kind of harness and any part of the team, so you do 
not tie me behind the wagon. You ask me to let you know 
our condition and wants. The fact is that although my men 
are in fine spirits, yet we want everything to make them ef- 
ficient, shoes especially, tin cups, canteens, and several hun- 
dred guns. I herewith send you a requisition for a tent for 
my own use. I have been sleeping about more like a stray 
dog than a general, and the State of Missouri has not a yard 
of material suitable for tents or money to buy it with. If you 
wish a legal excuse to advance, withdraw your control over 
me for a few hours and then come to my rescue." Both of 
these generals were unique, but they proved by their acts that 
the Confederacy had no braver or more patriotic soldiers 
than they. 

Rebel Yell. — General McCulloch, in his report of the battle 
of Springfield, Mo., says: "Missourians, Arkansans, Louisi- 
anians, and Texans pushed forward. The incessant roll of 
musketry was deafening, and the balls fell thick as hail stones ; 
but still our gallant Southerners pushed onward and, with one 
wild yell, broke upon the enemy, pushing them back and 
strewing the ground with their dead." The famous Rebel 
yell had possibly been heard before, but this is the first in- 
stance of its appearance in history. 



Qopfederat^ l/eterag. 



83 



SUFFERING ON THE SOUTHWEST BORDER. 

BY MRS. FLORA E. STEVENS, KANSAS CITY, MO. 

An article in the January Veteran on "The South's Suf- 
fering" dwells upon the devastation inflicted by Sherman and 
Sheridan as the greatest endured by the South during the 
war; but these troops were chivalrous, high-principled men in 
comparison with the Kansas soldiers and the members of the 
2d Colorado in their treatment of the unfortunate dwellers 
of Missouri on the Kansas border. The Kansas tro ps, es- 
pecially the 5th, 6th, and 7th Volunteer Cavalry, came into 
Missouri solely to murder — 1, e., hang and shoot — and to plun- 
der. Trains of wagons filled with household goods, supplies, 
grain, etc., rolled over the border and thousands of sheep, 
cattle, and fine horses till the border of Missouri was simply 
"cleaned out'' of everything worth carrying away. They be- 
gan even before Missouri seceded and made no distinction 
between Union and Confederate. In the negro cabins at Law- 
rence, Kans., were many thousand-dollar pianos. Mr. E. 
Stine, a well-known citizen of Kansas City and a Union man, 
told me that on one single trip Jcnnison, the gambler-colonel 
of the 7th Kansas, crossed into Kansas with a hundred freight 
wagons loaded with stolen plunder, followed by all kinds of 
stock and a thousand negroes on foot, whom Jcnnison was 
taking into Kansas to form into regiments and send back into 
Missouri to steal and destroy. 

The border was not in favor of secession for itself, for, 
though Southern and slave-holding and sympathizing with 
the other States, it feared secession would leave it unpro- 
tected, open to the assaults .of the entire Northwest Senator 
Vest stated that "but one-fifth of the votes cast in i860 were 
for the secession candidates." Not a single Kansas soldier 
had a right to enter Missouri, yet this district bore the most 
enormous suffering of the entire country in proportion to its 
extent. 

Where else in the South did a United States Senator head 
a regiment and fall suddenly upon a peaceful hamlet, slay a 
score of defenseless citizens, and then return with great loads 
of plunder and stock, boasting that they came but for loot, as 
did Jim Lane in 1S61 in attacking Osceola, Mo.? while even 
the Western Journal of Commerce, of Kansas City, a black 
Republican paper, openly accused them of selling blooded 
horses, stolen from Missouri, on the streets of Leavenworth 
at twenty-live dollars a head (worth five hundred), adding 
that "General Lane's own share of the spoil was a fine car- 
riage." 

Where else do you find a regiment crossing the State line 
in covered wagons, as did John T. Burris, of Olathe, Kans., 
and the 6th Kansas Volunteers, going to Independence, Mo., 
and back to their homes, every man riding a horse taken from 
the defenseless Missourians — nine-tenths of them Union — and 
the wagons, called "Burris's gunboats," loaded with costly 
spoil? And these raids were repeated again and again upon 
an unprotected people. After the war Lane committed suicide 
through remorse for his blood-stained career. 

Where else do you find old men ami mere boys hanged by 
the hundreds simply because they or their fathers had come 
from some seceded State years before? 

Where else do you find a general who would pick for his 
staff such a set of cutthroats that their very name has be- 
come a byword, as did Blunt, of the notorious "Red Legs"? 

Where else do you find an officer issue an edict that every 
boy of nineteen years or over who did not join the Union 
army should he shot, as did at Independence, Mo.. William 
Homer Pennock, of St. Joseph? Where else that old ladies, 



feeble, refined, were ordered out into the Red Leg camps to 
cook for these villains. 

In what other State was a woman put in jail for giving a 
loaf of bread to her own son, a Confederate soldier, as was 
Mrs. Tarleton, of Jefferson City, mother of Mrs. Phil Chap- 
pell, wife of a State Treasurer of Missouri? 

In what other State were young girls put in prison or ban- 
ished from the State by the hundreds for the sole offense of 
conveying food to their brothers and relatives hiding in the 
timber to protect them from the negroes? 

In what other part of the country were delicate young wom- 
en sentenced to the penitentiary for humanely aiding Confed- 
erates ? 

In what other part were men hanged for selling corn to 
Confederates? 

Where were Confederates denied burial and their bodies 
ordered left exposed to be devoured by wolves and vultures. 
while any who dared bury them were themselves shot? 

Where were men killed for feeding Confederates? Where 
were prisoners shot by the scores? 

Where else did men chain ten-year-old girls on the upper 

floor of a brick building and Union soldiers dig out the foun- 

beneath till the building fell and killed these girls with 

infinite torture, as "Bill" Anderson's young sisters were treated 

by the soldiers in Kansas City in August. 1863? 

Where else did a general issue a decree depopulating three 
counties — Jackson, Clay, and Bates — as did Tom Ewing in 
August, 1863? And his superior commander, Schofield, said 
that he "regretted the edict (order No. 11) had not been ex- 
tended to a fourth county, Lafayette." 

In what other State did the legislature forbid men to preach 
the gospel unless they took oath that they had shown no act 
of mercy to a Confederate or his family as did the radicals of 
Missouri in 1S64. pass the hideous "ironclad," or "test," oath 
1 h for years honest, kind-hearted ministers were 
put in jail, fined, and a dozen or more killed, even Union men, 
because they set God and their conscience above venal law- 
makers? 

No, people of the South, of the country, for sheer open, 
gloating, undisguised atrocity toward the helpless give the 
black honors (?) to the Kansas troops, the "Dutch," part of 
the Union Missouri militia, a detachment of the 2d Colorado 
while in the border district of Missouri. 

For unexampled suffering, for the highest rank of victims 
give the supreme place in history and your love and memory 
to the Southerners of this despoiled country, the northwest 
outpost of the Confederacy. 



THE AVATAR OF HELL. 
Six thousand years of commune, God with man. 
Two thousand years of Christ ; yet from such roots. 
Immortal, earth reaps only bitterest fruits. 
The fiends rage now as when they first began : 
Hate, Lust, Greed, Vanity, triumphant still, 
Yell, shout, exult, and lord o'er human will. 
The sun moves back. The fond convictions felt 
That in the progress of the race we stood, 
Two thousand years of height above the flood, 
Before the day's experience sink and melt 
As frost beneath the fire! And what remains 
Of all our grand ideals and great gains, 
With Goth, Hun, Vandal warring in their pride. 
While the meek Christ is hourly crucified? 

— Selected. 



84 



Qopfederat^ l/eterar?. 




FROM "MEMORIAL ODE." 

We read a lesson in God's open Book — 
All the fair page with one great text is rife ; 
And though we run, we yet read in one look 
That death but leads to life. 

Thus thinking o'er life's promise-breaking dreams, 
Its lights and shadows made of hopes and fears, 

I say that death is kinder than he seems 
And not the king of tears. 

Why shrink, then, from the tender grave aghast? 

Why shed hot tears above its friendly sod? 
For is it not in sooth, O friends, the last 

Great charity from God? 

Let perfect faith bind up each bleeding heart, 
Smile through your tears upon its grassy slope. 

Since Christ hath slumbered, may we not depart 
Sustained by Christian hope? 

— James Barron Hope. 



James A. Fisher. 



James Alexander Fisher was a gallant Confederate soldier. 
He enlisted in Company G, 17th Virginia Regiment of Vol- 
unteers, Corse's Brigade, Pickett's Division, Longstreet's 
Corps, in April, 1861, and served faithfully throughout the 
war in Virginia, North Carolina, and Pennsylvania. «A part 
of the time he was with Company K. He was wounded on 
May 16, 1864, in the battle of Drewry's Bluff and sent to 
Howard Grove Hospital. Six months later he returned to 
his command and served continuously from that time until 
discharged at Appomattox in April, 1865. 

Comrade Fisher died at Marshall, Mo., on November 17, 
1916, and was buried in Ridge Park Cemetery by his com- 
rades of the John S. Marmaduke Camp, No. 554, U. C. V, 
of which he had long been a member. Fitting resolutions 
were passed by the Camp in honor of this faithful comrade, 
of whom it was said that "he was a friend to all, in hearty 
sympathy with every good and honest effort, and loyal and 
true to his cause. A Virginian by birth, he was a worthy 
son of his native and honored State. For forty years he had 
been a part of the life of his community, where his faithful, 
unselfish, and sacrificing service as a public official had been 
above criticism. No appeal was ever made to him in behalf 
of a worthy cause that did not have his hearty support. De- 
voted to his family and home, his was an ideal life. His 
loyalty to the cause of the Confederacy could never be shaken, 
and no greater pleasure ever came to him than to review the 
trying experiences of the war. His last days were spent in 
pleasant reminiscences of the past. * * * Our Camp has 
lost a faithful member and our community a citizen whose 
memory will ever be cherished with honor." 



Daniel Murray Lee. 

Died on his farm, in Stafford County, Va., two miles from 
Fredericksburg, Va., on December 17, 1916, Daniel Murray 
Lee, son of Capt. Sidney Smith Lee, of the Confederate States 
navy, brother of Gen. Fitzhugh Lee, and a nephew of Gen. 
Robert E. Lee. His mother was the sister of James M. 
Mason, United States Senator from Virginia and Embassa- 
dor to England from the Confederate States, who, with Sli- 
dell, was captured on the English steamer Trent by United 
States authorities, who were compelled by the English gov- 
ernment to surrender him back to England. 

Daniel Lee was a past midshipman in the Confederate 
States navy and upheld the records of his ancestry. He was 
at Hampton Roads on the steamer Johnstown March 8 and 
9, 1862; at the naval battle of Drewry's Bluff, May 15, 1862; 
at Charleston, S. C, during 1863 ; at the capture of the United 
States gunboat at Newbern February 4, 1864; at the capture 
of Plymouth, N. G, on the cruiser Tallahassee; and sur- 
rendered with the naval brigade under Raphael Semmes at 
Appomattox. Daniel was a jovial, lovely boy, and his com- 
rades will shed a tear when they hear that he has crossed the 
river. 

[W. F. Clayton, Florence, S. C, January 9, 1917.] 

Dr. J. D. Wagner. 

Dr. James D. Wagner, pioneer physician of Selma, Cal., 
died at Long Beach on October 15, 1916. He was born in 
Savannah, Tenn., in October, 1844, and his boyhood days were 
spent on a farm, but his youthful inclinations were to prac- 
tice medicine. He enlisted in the Southern cause when but 
sixteen years of age, fought under Gen. Joseph E. Johnston 
in the Army of Tennessee, and also served as a member of 
Company G, 1st Tennessee Cavalry, under Gen. Joseph 
Wheeler. He narrowly escaped being buried alive in the 
battle of New Hope Church when a shell struck the tree 
behind which he was fighting, felling him to the ground. 
Thinking him dead, his comrades wrapped him in a blanket 
for burial, when they were obliged to retreat. On recovering 
consciousness he returned to them alone. 

After the war young Wagner went back to the farm, but 
continued his medical studies, diligently working at his books 
between school terms, and graduated from the University of 
Nashville in 1873. He went to California in 1881 and became 
one of the foremost factors in building up the town of Selma. 
His practice carried him into the mountains and the country 
of that section, and he never refused to brave a midnight 
storm in behalf of those unable to pay him, often providing 
a sick family with necessities out of his own means. 

Dr. Wagner was married in 1869 to Miss Sarah Elizabeth 
Gray, and to them nine children were born. His wife died 
in 1886, and in 1896 he married Miss Emma Corbley, who 
survives him with two daughters and a son of the first mar- 
riage. 

Dr. Wagner was prominent in the social life of Selma and 
in its Church work, being a charter member and an officer of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church. He was also a charter 
member of the Masonic Lodge there, which he served in dif- 
ferent offices, and was an officer in the Chapter of the Royal 
Arcanum. He was always active in community affairs, serv- 
ing on the school and city boards at different times, and took 
a leading part in county and State politics. He was a mem- 
ber of the Sterling Price Camp, U. C. V., of Fresno County, 
and was interested in all its work. 



^otyfederat^ l/eterai). 



85 



Col. A. C. McAlister. 

After an illness of several months, Col. A. C. McAlister, 
one of the oldest and most substantial citizens of Ashboro, 
N. C, answered the last roll call on December 8, 1916. He 
had entered upon his seventy-ninth year. His example and 
influence will be long felt in the community in which he lived. 
Colonel McAlister was educated at the University of North 
Carolina, graduating in the class of 1858. He entered the 
service of the Confederate States early in the war and rose 
to the rank of colonel by his gallantry and efficient service. 
He commanded his regiment, the 46th North Carolina In- 
fantry, in a number of the most serious engagements and al- 

1 ways so as to deserve the commendation of his superior of- 
ficers. 
After the war Colonel McAlister lived for a few years in 

! Alamance County, which he represented in the legislature dur- 
ing the Reconstruction period. It is a matter of history that 
he was especially detailed and served the writ of habeas 

i corpus upon the notorious Kirk, who had terrorized the cen- 
tral part of the State. Later he moved to Randolph County 
and took part in its politics, for many years being the efficient 
chairman of the Democratic Committee and winning many 
hard-fought battles. He was for thirty years an elder in the 
Presbyterian Church, and at the time of his death he was 
chairman of the School Board of Ashboro. which position he 
had held for several years. II is last public service was ren- 
dered as director of the State Board of Public Charities. 

Colonel McAlister is survived by his wife, four sons, and 
two daughters. Many friends and admirers were present at 
the last sad rites to this courteous, kindly gentleman, who was 
loved for his Christian integrity, culture of mind, gentleness 
of heart, and the all-embracing charity and nobility of his 
Soul. 

Members of Camp \i Hernando, Miss. 

Commander \V. L. Glenn, of De Soto Camp. No> 220, U. C. 
V., at Hernando, Miss., sends a list of losses in membership 
during 1916 and says: "We are rapidly p .iy. and in 

a few more years the last Confederate will have gone to his 
reward." 

Alfred Dockcry, captain Company E, 38th North Carolina 
Infantry; W. J. Bynum, Company A, "th Tennessee Cavalry; 
J. H. Crumpler, Company A. [oth Mississippi Infantry; J. M. 
Coggins, Crozier's Mississippi Artillery; T. A. Dunn, Com- 
pany I, 20th Mississippi Infantry; Francis Holmes, lieutenant 
Company 1. 29th Mississippi Infantry; 11. X. Harbin, Com- 
pany F, -i-'d Mississippi Infantry; W. 11. Love, Hart's Bat- 
talion of Alabama Infantry; J. T. Malone, Company I, 29th 
Mississippi Infantry; R. P. Bogan, Company L 10th Missis- 
sippi Infantry; E. II. Randall. Company A, 7th Tennessee 
Cavalry; (',. W. Dixon, Company F, iSth Mississippi Cavalry; 
J. A. Burrus, Company F, 4.''! Mississippi Infantry. 

Deaths in J. E. B. Stuart Camp, of Terrell, Tex. 

Vic Reinhardt, Adjutant, reports the losses in J. 1 B 
1 Stuart Camp, No. 45, U. C. V., Terrell, Tex., for 1916: 

P. G. Nebhut. captain Company H, 14th Texas Infantry. 

James T. Rowell. private Company D, 41st Tennessee In- 
fantry. 

W. L. Camp, private Company K, 27th Louisiana Infantry. 

McD. Kerby, first lieutenant Company I, ■nth Tennessee 
Cavalry. 

H. C. Graves, private Company I, 43d Tennessee Infantry. 

J. H. Graham, private Company I, i-'lh Kentucky Cavalry. 



Joseph Mason Kern. 

Joseph Mason Kern was born at Romney, Va. (now West 
Virginia). July 9, 1842, and died in Brevard, N. C, Septem- 
ber 5, 1916. At seventeen years of age he enlisted in the 
Hampshire Guards, a volunteer company of Romney. The 
following year this company was ordered to Harper's Ferry 
and became a part of the 13th Virginia Infantry, Col. A. P. 
Hill. On July iS, with other organizations under the command 
of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, the regiment moved to join 
General Beauregard at Manassas. In entraining at Piedmont 
Station the regiment became divided, only half of it reaching 
Manassas with the rest of the brigade in time to assist in the 
battle. After wintering at Centerville, Va., the regiment did 
picket duty for some time at Mason's Hills, seven miles from 
Washington and in sight of the Capitol's dome. In the spring 
of 1862 the division was sent to join Gen. T. J. Jackson, took 
part in the celebrated Valley Campaign, then moved to Rich- 
mond to join General Lee. 

At Cold Harbor Comrade Kern was wounded in the leg, 
and while recovering he was given a clerkship in the Treasury 
Department, C. S. A. In March, 1S63, he resigned and, his 
wound still incapacitating him from infantry duty, enlisted 
in the cavalry. Company D, nth Virginia, lie was captured 
a few weeks later and sent to Camp Chase, Ohio. Later he 
was transferred to Johnson's Island Prison and there held 
five months. From thence, with other prisoners to the number 
of two thousand live hundred, he was sent to the prison camp 
at Point Lookout, Md. He was exchanged and sent to Rich- 
mond February 22, 1865, after nearly twenty-two months of 
prison life. 

In the fall of 1865 Comrade Kern moved to Mississippi, 
living twenty years in Natchez and five years in Jackson. At 
Natchez he was Adjutant of the local Camp, U. C. V., for 
several years. In 1908 he moved to Brevard, N. C, where 
for some years, or until age and infirmity rendered it impos- 
sible, he was Adjutant of that Camp. He was a regular at- 
tendant at all of the Confederate Reunions. 

In 1868 Mr. Kern married Miss Jane Sivley, of Raymond, 
Miss., who died in 1900. He is survived by two daughters, 
Miss Florence Kern and Mrs. Harold Vernor Smcdberg, both 
of Brevard. 

Capt. S. E. Kierolf. 

Capt. S. E. Kierolf. who died at the home of his daughter, 
Mrs. R. D. Dodson, near Alamo, Tenn., on July II, 1916, was 
horn in New York City November 2, 1833. His father was 
Jacob Elias Kierolf, from Norway, and his mother, Juliet De 
Bretton, was a Dane, both of the nobility. With their infant 
son they went to Mississippi and from there to Nashville, 
I ciin, where the boy was reared to manhood. When young 
Kierolf was about twenty-three years of age he went to West 
Tennessee, where he married Miss Mary Harris, and they 
journeyed happily together through fifty rs of mar- 

ried life. lie entered the service of the Confederacy at the 
beginning of the war, joining the company raised in his com- 
munity, and at the organization of the regiment, the 27th 
Tennessee, he was made quartermaster. He was captured 
near Lexington, Tenn., with Col. Alex Campbell and Major 
Clark, of Jackson, Tenn., by General Hatch,and sent to John- 
son Island Prison for two years. Some humorous incidents 
of that prison life are given in the article published in the 
Veteran for December, 1916, page 555. which was sent to the 
Veteran shortly before his death. 



86 



Qor?federat^ l/eterat). 



Dr. Eugene Lanier Deaderick. 

Dr. Eugene L. Deaderick was born at Jonesboro, Tenn., 
August 16, 1843. He was educated in the schools of that 
town and at the East Tennessee University, now the Uni- 
versity of Tennessee, at Knoxville. Early in the War be- 
tween the States he volunteered as a soldier in the Confed- 
erate army, serving faithfully until the close of hostilities, in 
1865. He then devoted himself to the study of medicine and 
received the degree of M.D. at the Jefferson Medical College, 
in Philadelphia, Pa. He became a successful physician, hav- 
ing practiced his profession in Jonesboro, Knoxville, and 
Johnson City. He was married to Miss Rebekah Williams, 
of North Carolina, and seven children were born to them, 
but none of them survived him; his wife too died several 
years ago, leaving him entirely without a family of his own. 
Besides the sorrow of being bereaved of his dear ones, Dr. 
Deaderick suffered greatly from physical ailments during the 
latter part of his life, and death was welcomed as a relief 
from all his sorrows and sufferings. His faith was strong, 
and he was ready when the summons came on December 4, 
1916. 

Dr. Deaderick was a man of modest and gentle demeanor, 
but at the same time firm in his convictions of right and duty. 
A friend said of him: "If we were all like Dr. Deaderick, 
there would be no need of courts and laws." Kind and con- 
siderate of the rights of others, he seemed to desire to prac- 
tice the Golden Rule in all his dealings with his fellow man. 

Dr. Thomas Proctor. 

Dr. Thomas Proctor, who died at Monroe City, Mo., on 
December 12, 1916, was born near Philadelphia, in Marion 
County, Mo., on May 26, 1839. Upon the breaking out of the 
War between the States he entered the Missouri State Guard 
under Colonel Green and was with General Price in the battle 
of Lexington. During the retreat south he was stricken with 
typhoid fever and left behind. On his recovery, finding that 
he was north of the Federal lines and being unable to rejoin 
his command, he entered the Iowa University at Keokuk, 
graduating from that institution with the degree of M.D. in 
1864. 

Dr. Proctor practiced medicine at Withers Mill and Mon- 
roe City until 1881, when he entered the Monroe City Bank 
as cashier. In 1887 he became its president and held that 
position until his death. For many years, up to the time of 
his death, he served as treasurer of the Monroe City School 
District and was also treasurer of the First Baptist Church. 
He was married to Miss Luta Bailey in April, 1865, and is 
survived by his wife and four sons. His brother, David M. 
Proctor, also of Monroe City, is the only surviving member 
of a family of eleven. 

The life of Dr. Proctor was one of far-reaching influence. 
He was a factor in the business, social, educational, and re- 
ligious life of his community, and his example will be an 
inspiration to those who come after him. 

Deaths in Stockdale Camp, No. 324, U. C. V. 

Commander W. C. Vaught reports the following losses in 
membership of Stockdale Camp, No. 324, U. C. V., at Mag- 
nolia, Miss., within the past twelve months: 

H. S. Brumfield, S. C. Walker, and Edward Pierce, 38th 
Mississippi Infantry; H. A. Dawson, 45th Mississippi Infantry; 
Thomas Lard, 7th Mississippi Infantry; W. L. Scott, 33d 
Mississippi Infantry; J. W. Lyles, 9th Louisiana Infantry. 



John Harvey Arthur. 

John Harvey Arthur died at his home, in Arthur City, 
Lamar County, Tex., October 30, 1916. He was born in 
Tennessee August 31, 1824, and moved to Georgia with his 
parents when quite young. On reaching maturity he engaged 
in merchandizing in Calhoun, Ga. In March, 1862, young 
Arthur enlisted in Company E, 40th Georgia Regiment, Bar- 
ton's Brigade, under Capt. J. F. Groover and Col. Abney John- 
son. At Perryville, in October, 1862, he was captured by the 
Federals and sent to Louisville, Ky., and later to Vicksburg, 
Miss. He was exchanged in February, 1863. 

After the war Mr. Arthur resumed merchandizing at Cal- 
houn, Ga. He was county treasurer for eight years; then 
moved to Lamar County, Tex., and engaged in merchandizing 
and cotton-planting at what is now Arthur City until his 
death. 

He was married in November, 1868, to Miss Sue Lane, of 
a Georgia family, and to them a son and daughter were born. 
His son died in 1914 and his wife in 1916, leaving only the 
daughter, now the wife of C. D. Purdon, chief engineer of 
the St. Louis and Southwestern Railway lines. 

J. J. Estes. 

J. J. Estes was born in Kanawha County (now Putnam 
County, W. Va.) on the 30th of March, 1838, and died De- 
cember 19, 1916, after a lingering illness of more than two 
years, and was buried by the side of his wife. He was a 
gallant Confederate soldier, having joined Cnpt. W. R. Gunn's 
company, D, 8th Virginia Cavalry, in August, 1862. He was 
captured in 1864 and remained a prisoner in Camp Chase, 
Ohio, until the close of the war. 

He was a member of Camp Garnett. No. 902, U. C. V., of 
Huntington, W. Va., and was held in high esteem by his 
comrades; was also a member of Mount Vernon Baptist 
Church, near his home, for about fifty years. 

Resolved, That, while we shall miss him from our meetings, 
we realize that our loss is his gain, for we trust that he has 
entered into rest "where sickness, sorrow, pain, and death are 
felt and feared no more." 

[Committee: C. A. Reece, N. C. Petit, M. McClung.] 

George J. Holley. 
George Jeff Holley, born in South Carolina in 1839, en- 
listed in the Confederate army in Louisiana as a member of 
Company B, gth Missouri Cavalry. He served faithfully dur- 
ing the hard campaigning of his command and remained till 
the last battle was fought and the surrender came at Appomat- 
tox. He was a member of Cunningham Camp. U. C. V., 
at Kemp, Tex., and was always glad to meet with his com- 
rades. He went to Texas in 1866 and was there married to 
Miss Martha Jackson in 1869. He reared a large family, all 
of whom occupy positions of usefulness. His death occurred 
at Kemp, at the home of his daughter, on October 19, 1916, 
after many years of suffering. His oldest son, Rev. Edgar 
Holley, is a Methodist minister of prominence and ability 
and is now a student at Chicago University. 

Dennis Dugan. — Dennis Dugan, who died at Galesburg, 
111., in November, 1916, served in the Confederate army as 
one of the Louisiana Tigers and was severely wounded in 
the battle of Antietam. He had accumulated quite a fortune 
during his lifetime, in addition to which, it is said, he was 
drawing a pension from the State of Louisiana and also from 
the Santa Fe Railroad. 



Qotyfederat^ l/eterai). 



87 




J. L. ROBFRSON. 



J. L. ROBERSON. 

J. L. Roberson enlisted from Chickasaw County, Miss., in 
the spring of 1861, joining Company H, nth Mississippi Regi- 
ment, and served with General 
Lee in the Virginia Army. He 
was at Cold Harbor, Seven 
Pines, and Gettysburg; was 
captured near Richmond just 
before the surrender and kept 
in prison until the last of June, 
1865. He was born July 14, 
1837, and died November 25, 
1916, at Wynne, Ark. He re- 
moved from Mississippi to 
Arkansas in 1885. Only a 
short time before his death he 
had celebrated his golden wed- 
ding anniversary. His wife 
and four sons survive him. 
Comrade Roberson was a 
member of Marion Cogbill 

Camp, No. 1316, U. C. V., and loved to meet with his com- 
rades of the sixties. He was a man of kindly disposition and 
loved by all who knew him. W. P. Brewer. 

Deaths in Camp at Talladega, Ala. 

The committee from Camp No. 246, U. C. V., of Talladega. 
Ala., reports the death of two members in November, 1916: 

G. K. Miller, born in Talladega in December, 1836, was the 
first white child born in that town. He entered the Confed- 
erate service in July, 1861, and remained until the war closed. 
A brave and faithful soldier, he was also an honest and up- 
right citizen and a true and consistent member of the Presby- 
terian Church. The Camp has lost a worthy member, the 
community a worthy and useful citizen. 

J. K. Jones, born April 20. 1845. entered the Confederate 
army in March, 1862, as a private of Company K, 30th Ala- 
bama Regiment, and remained in service to the close of the 
war. He made a gallant soldier and was none the less faith- 
ful to the duties of civil and religious life. His loss was 
deeply felt in the community, and his place, in Camp and 
Church cannot be filled. 

Thomas A. Gill. 

After a lingering illness, Thomas Allison Gill died at the 
home of his nephew, E. W. Gill, near Whon, Tex., on No- 
vember 15. 1916. He was born in Green County. Ala., Feb- 
ruary 14, 1837, and went with his parents to Arkansas in 1843. 
At the beginning of the War between the States he enlisted 
in Capt. Joe Neal's company at Marshall, Ark., and was sent 
to the northern part of the State to Col. Tom P. Dockery's 
regiment, which was soon disbanded. He then joined the 19th 
Arkansas early in 1862 and was sent to General Pike at Fort 
McCulloch ; was removed from there in June and served the 
remainder of the war in General Price's command, follow- 
ing him in his raid through Missouri. When the regiment 
was disbanded in June, 1865, he returned to his home, in 
Arkansas, and removed to Ellis County, Tex., in 1871. 

Comrade Gill was never married and spent the latter part 
of his life with the family of his brother, the late J. M. Gill. 
He was a member of the Methodist Church and lived a true 
Christian life. Of the family of two brothers and four sis- 
ters, onlv a sister is left. Mrs. M. J. Patterson, of Childress, 
Tex 



William Andrew Griffin. 

In Oakdale, Stanislaus County, Cal., on December 24, 1916, 
the spirit of that brave soldier and Christian gentleman, Wil- 
liam Andrew Griffin, went to the God who gave it. The Oak- 
dale Leader referred to him as "a man of keen intellect, a 
close student of public affairs, and one who lived his life 
bravely, as he had fought for his country." 

William A. Griffin was born in Monroe, Walton County, 
Ga., October 4, 1836, going when a young man to Augusta. 
When the War between the States began he enlisted in 
the Oglethorpe Infantry, which left Augusta on April 1, 1861, 
for Macon, where it was mustered in as a company of the 1st 
Georgia Regiment of Volunteers, C. S. A., under Col. James 
N. Ramsey, of Columbus, Ga. The regiment went to Pensa- 
eola, Fla., and there saw service for several months. In June, 
1861, it was ordered to Virginia and took an active part in 
the West Virginia campaign. In March, 1862, the regiment 
was sent to Augusta, Ga., and mustered out, being a twelve 
months' regiment. In April young Griffin recnlisted for the 
war in the Oglethorpe Infantry, Company B, commanded by 
his cousin, Capt. Ewin W. Ansley, who was killed in the bat- 
tle of Murfreesboro, Tenn., December 31, 1862. The company 
went to Corinth, Miss., in April, 1862, being assigned to the 
5th Georgia Regiment of Volunteers and later incorporate.! 
as Company C in the 2d Georgia Battalion of Sharpshooters, 
Jackson's Brigade. \ 

In 1863 Comrade Griffin was made orderly (first) sergeant 
.if the company and was serving as such when he received a 
desperate wound in front of Atlanta July 31, 1864, his right 
elbow being shattered. He took part in the fighting in Ken- 
tucky, also at Murfreesboro, Chickamauga. Missionary Ridge, 
and was in all the engagements of his command from Dalton 
to \tlanta, Ga., until disabled for further service. As a sol- 
dier he was brave and faithful, as a friend true and stead- 
fist, and as a Christian pure. Only some six or seven of 
those who belonged to Company C from April, 1862, to April, 
[865, are now living. Comrade Griffin is survived by his wife, 
two daughters, and a son. 

[A tribute of love to "dear Grif" from his comrade and 
friend, Frank Stovall Roberts. Company C, 2d Georgia Bat- 
talion of Sharpshooters.] 

Cain Bates. 
Comrade Abel Bates, of Mansfield, La., reports the death 
of his twin brother, Cain Bates, on October 4, 1916, at the 
age of seventy-one years. They served in the same company 
of the 44th Battalion of Virginia Volunteers, of Petersburg, 
from the latter part of 1863, and two other brothers, Tom and 
Nat, were also in the Confederate army. Tom Bates passed 
away about two years ago in the Soldiers' Home in Rich- 
mond, Va., and Nat died several years ago at his home, near 
Como, Miss. They belonged to Pickett's Division, and both 
were wounded in the battle of Gettysburg. The oldest 
brother, Bob, died in Richmond during the war. All were 
born in Halifax County, Va. Two brothers, Abel and Dave, 
survive. Cain Bates died at Homer, La. 

Healy-Claybrook Camp, U. C. V. 
Dr. D. B. Dutton, of Lot, Va., reports the following deaths 
among the members of Healy-Claybrook Camp, No. 57, U. 
C. V., during the past year: Adjutant John Hardy, Warren 
Carter, R. D. Hilliard, Zadoc Clayville, Elisha Clayville, and 
Ephraim Young. Mr. Young was one of the crew on the 
Virginia (Merrimac) in her famous fight with the Monitor, 
in Hampton Roads. 



88 



Qoi}federat<^ l/eterai?. 

IHnitcb ©augbters of tbe Confederacy 

Mrs. Cordelia Powell Odenheimer, President General 
Washington, D. C. 



Mrs. J. II. Stewart, Los Angeles, Cal First Vice President General 

Mrs. I.. M. Uasiunsky, Troy, Ala Second lire President General 

Mrs. I.n.i A. I.uuu, Denver, Col Tkird Vice President General 

Mrs. W. C. X. M brchasit, Chatham, Va Recording Secretary General 

Mrs. Lutie ll.ULEV Walcott, Ardmore, Okla Cor. Secretary General 



Mrs. A. A. Campbell, Wytheville, Va,, Official Editor. 



Mrs. R. E. Little, Wadesboro, N. C Treasurer General 

Mrs, S. E. F. Rose, West Point, Miss Historian General 

Mrs. J. Normf.nt Powell, Jol.nson City, Tenn Registrar General 

Mrs. E. T. Sells, Columtnis, Ohio Custodian of Crosses 

MRS. Frank Anthony Walke, Norfolk, Va.. Custodian Flags and Pennants 



" ^Cot'c '///aAraS ?Jf*ar»Ory &Scrtlfi/ ' 



FROM HIE PRESIDENT GEXEKAL. 

Dear Daughters: February seems late to acknowledge the 
many loving Christmas and New Year greetings you sent me, 
but 1 want you to know how deeply I prize them. The ap- 
parent delay is due to my communications having necessarily 
to reach the Veteran a month before you read them. 

Please do not think that 1 am neglectful of you when your 
letters arc not answered immediately. I receive many each 
day, some of them requiring careful consideration and the 
most urgent demanding the earliest reply. During November 
and December the greater portion of my time was taken up 
in forming committees and communicating with our general 
officers, that the machinery of the society be put in order for 
the year's work; but I endeavor to answer every communica- 
tion as promptly as possible. 

The first thing I want to draw your attention to is the audit 
of the report of our former Treasurer General, Mrs. C. B. 
Tate. I know that every one of you has a full realization and 
appreciation of the seven years of faithful and conscientious 
service she gave us, and it is with a feeling of pride that I 
quote the remark of the auditor: "The first glance at her 
books showed me how little trouble I would have, as they 
were so systematically kept." The correctness of this asser- 
tion was affirmed in his subsequent indorsement: "Every dis- 
bursement was supported by proper evidence of payment and 
duly authorized by proper authority." Mrs. Tate fully realized 
that when a society had grown to the size ours has attained 
strictly business methods must be used to conduct it. 

Sir Moses Ezekiel sent you through me his Christmas and 
New Year's greeting. 

Miss Gautreaux has just written me that she has forwarded 
Louisiana's final pledge of $135 for Arlington to Mrs. Little, 
Treasurer General, and I trust that many others h^ve sent in 
theirs. While it was a task to raise the required sum, I am 
confident, Daughters, that we will never regret the time and 
effort expended upon this magnificent monument. 

In a recent letter from Mrs. Trader she states that she is 
improving, but must stay at the hospital longer to insure a 
complete cure of her malady. It was a bitter disappointment 
to her to learn that, after her hopes had been aroused by an 
error in the newspapers, the resolution by the late Mrs. Van 
Wyck, read by Mrs. C. C. Clay, of California, urging that one 
hundred dollars a month be given to her, was not acted upon 
by the convention. Pledges were made and a small amount 
given from the floor, but not enough to insure the barest ex- 
istence. Therefore, Daughters, let me again urge you to re- 
member your pledges made at the Washington convention in 
1912. 

I hope next month to give you the exact amount yet to be 
collected for the payment of the window to the Confederate 
women of the sixties to be placed in the Red Cross Building. 



When the Veterans, Sons, and Southern Memorial Associa- 
tion meet in Washington in June, we wish to unveil this win- 
dow, and to do so it must be paid for in full. 

When Gen. Bennett H. Young, former Commander of the 
United Confederate Veterans, so eloquently told us at Dallas 
of the great shaft it was planned to erect in memory of Jef- 
ferson Davis at his old home, Fairview, Ky., and urged our 
assistance, we heartily indorsed this memorial, but made no 
definite pledges. I have appointed directors of committees 
representing each State, and from what I know of the women 
composing them I am confident that material help will be 
given. 

On December 7 I attended the annual convention of the Dis- 
trict of Columbia Division, at which I addressed the delegates, 
and on December 8 I went to Baltimore for the annual meet- 
ing of the Maryland Division. During the week of December 
1 1 I was the guest of Mrs. Frank Anthony Walke in Norfolk, 
Va., where I represented you at the Southern Commercial 
Congress. While there I attended many brilliant functions, 
receiving at all, among them being the reception given by the 
Norfolk Woman's Auxiliary, Miss Nannie Kensett, Chairman, 
at the Monticello Hotel; luncheon by Miss Serpell, State 
Regent, D. A. R. ; reception at the home of Mrs. Wilke given 
by the Hope Maury Chapter, U. D. C, and the Pickett-Buch- 
anan Chapter, U. D. C. ; luncheon in honor of Mrs. Julian 
Heath at Southland Hotel by the National Housewives' 
League ; reception by the members of the Virginia Club ; re- 
ception by Admiral and Mrs. Walter McLean at the Navy 
Yard ; reception by the Great Bridge Chapter, D. A. R. ; re- 
ception by the Women's Club ; and a trip on the steamer Mem- 
phis to review the battleships off Old Point. The Presidents 
General of our sister societies were present during the Con- 
gress, and I had the pleasure also of meeting many members 
of our own organization. 

On New Year's Day I attended an eggnog luncheon given 
by Miss Frances Washington Weeks at her home, in Wash- 
ington, in honor of Camp 171, United Confederate Veterans, 
and on New Year's night I received with Mrs. James Mulcare, 
the newly elected President, Miss Mary Custis Lee, and the 
Division officers at the reception given in honor of the Con- 
federate Veterans by the District of Columbia Division at the 
Confederate Memorial Home. 

An important part of our work for the year 1917 should be 
in the interest of a more general circulation of the Confed- 
erate Veteran among the members of this organization. As 
our official organ, the columns of the Veteran are always open 
to the Daughters of the Confederacy, furnishing such a means 
of communication between Divisions and Chapters and for ex- 
ploiting our work as could be gotten in no other way so ef- 
fectively, and for this there is no expense to the organization. 
All that is asked is that the membership through individual 



Qoi)federat<2 l/eteraij. 



89 



and Chapter subscriptions get the benefit of what is published. 
When we consider that other patriotic organizations support 
their official organs by a heavy tax on the general treasury, we 
can realize that little is being asked of us while much is being 
given. 

Take this thought to heart, my dear Daughters, and let us 
make this year (191 7) the banner year in the life of the Vet- 
eran. With the rapid thinning of the ranks of the Confed- 
erate veterans, there is consequent decrease in the subscription 
patronage of this publication, and we must see that the loss is 
made up in the ranks of the Daughters and Sons. In the sup- 
port we give it will we show our appreciation of the bequest 
by its founder. Send to the office at Nashville for sample 
copies and subscription offers. 

Faithfully yours. Cordelia Powell Odenheimer, 

President General. 






SUBSCRIPTIONS FOR PRINTING LAST ADDRESS 

OF MISS RUTHERFORD, HISTORIAN 

GENERAL U. D. C, 1911-16. 

The Civilization of the Old South. 

Dallas. Tex., November 9, 1916. 

When Mrs. Williams, Recording Secretary General, an- 
nounced that there would not be a sufficient amount of money 
in the U. D. C. treasury to print her minutes and Miss Ruther- 
ford's address also, volunteer offerings were suggested after 
a motion was made that the address must be printed. These 
offerings came so rapidly that when a sufficient amount was 
thought to be in hand the President General and the Record- 
ing Secretary General called a halt, while yet a long line stood 
eager to give. By a motion of Mrs. Eakins these subscrip- 
tions were to be sent direct to Miss Rutherford to be used as 
she desired in her historical work. 

Mrs. Odenheimer, the President General, notified Miss 
Rutherford that she would request Mrs. Little, the Treasurer 
General, to forward the list of subscribers to her at once in 
order that she make the collections and use them as by Mrs. 
Eakins's suggestion. 

The list as sent by Mrs. Williams shows only $592 prom- 
ised, while the announcement was made from the platform 
when tlie halt was called that $612 had been recorded, and 
later some supplemental gifts raised the amount to $630. 

Many of the recorded gifts are lacking in complete address: 
so the list is printed at Miss Rutherford's request, that the 
names and amounts accidentally omitted and others added 
may be sent to her at once. 

Owing to the expense of printing this year, the amount re- 
corded below will not be sufficient to print and distribute the 
twenty thousand copies ordered, and the order for printing 
was made on the promise of a cash payment ; so any supple- 
mental gifts will be appreciated and can be added to the list 
of collections reported next month. 

It was the thought of the subscribers that the amount 
would also be sufficient to secure stronger binders for the 
iift\ five volumes of history prepared by Miss Rutherford t 
be placed in the Confederate Museum at Richmond. The 
present binders are considered inadequate to properly protect 
the valuable material, as Miss Rutherford stated in her his- 
torical report. 

All checks are requested to be made payable to ex-Historian 
General U. D. C. and sent to Miss Mildred Rutherford. 
Athens. Ga. 



Subscriptions. 

Airs Emma H. Townsend, Corsicana, Tex $ 10 00 

C. S. A. Chapter, Dallas, Tex 100 00 

S. A. Gerrald, a veteran 10 00 

Ohio Division (paid) 20 00 

California Division (paid) 25 00 

Arkansas Division 25 00 

Mrs. C. L. Randle, Kentucky (paid) 10 00 

Mrs. S. M. Ward, Kentucky 5 00 

William B. Bate Chapter, Nashville. Tenn 5 00 

Nashville Chapter, No. 1 500 

I larriet Overton Chapter, Nashville 10 00 

T. M. Wall 10 00 

Texas Division 25 00 

Mrs Cornelia Branch Stone (paid) 5 00 

North Carolina Division 25 00 

Bessemer Chapter. Alabama 5 00 

Mrs. Peter Youree, Louisiana (paid) SO 00 

Georgia Division 10 00 

Georgia Children of the Confederacy 500 

Baltimore Chapter (paid) IS 00 

Maryland Division 10 00 

Missouri Chapter 5 00 

Sarah Law Chapter, Memphis, Tenn. (paid) 10 00 

Hood Texas Brigade, Junior C. of C 5 00 

Virginia Division 30 00 

Dallas Chapter. Dallas, Tex 25 00 

Philadelphia Chapter (paid) 10 00 

Mary Mildred Sullivan Chapter, New York 10 00 

William R, Scury Chapter, Texas 500 

i I Bee Chapter, San Antonio 5 00 

Mary West Chapter, Waco, Tex 5 00 

O. C. Horn Chapter 5 00 

Stonewall Band, C. of C, New Orleans...- 5 00 

1 Cannibal Boone Chapter 5 00 

Frank Bennett C. of C, Wadesboro, N. C 2 00 

Mrs. Bannermann, Louisiana (paid) 500 

J. J. Finley Chapter, Gainesville, Fla. (paid) 5 00 

Mrs. Charles E. Parr 5 00 

Julia Jackson Chapter, Fort Wi irtfa 5 00 

Winnie Davis Chapter 5 00 

Monroe Chapter, North Carolina 500 

Mrs. R V, Houston, Monroe, N. C 5 00 

I »kla., C. of C s 00 

Oklahoma C. of C. (paid) 5 00 

Children of the Confederacy. Tulsa, Okla. (paid) .... 5 00 

Cash 30 00 

Total $592 00 

Check received from Mrs. Little, Treasurer General U. D. 
C, December 30, 1916, $175. 



THE BOOK COMMITTEE, U. D. C. 
Miss Mildred Rutherford has been appointed Chairman of 
the Southern Literature Committee, U. D. C. and through 
the Veteran she asks authors of books relating to the South 
to send them to her for examination, so that recommendation 
may be given to those true to the South and her ideals. She 
also asks that these books be considered as gifts to a Con- 
federate library and so autographed, which library will be 
placed by action of the next convention and added to year by 
year. As soon as the committee is complete the names will 
be sent for publication, so that each State chairman can do 
her part in commending or rejecting books. 



90 



(^Otyfederat^ l/eteraij. 



THE MISSISSIPPI DIVISION. 

BY MRS. CORA M. DU BOSE, CHARLESTON, MISS. 

Inasmuch as the Mississippi Division presented the name 
of one of her gifted members as Historian General, the con- 
vention, U. D. C, held at Dallas, Tex., in November, was of 
special interest to Mississippi Daughters. Mrs. Rose's name 
was received without opposition and amid much applause. 
She is recognized as a woman of wonderful personality and 
rare executive ability, serving her Division ably as Historian 
and President, and as the author of "The Ku-Klux Klan" is 
known as a writer of ability. The Division is justly proud of 
the high honor accorded her, but feels that it is deserved. 

The Daughters of the Mississippi Division have been un- 
tiring in their support of Arlington and Shiloh and have at 
last been rewarded for their efforts. Since these monuments 
have been paid for, attention can be turned toward the me- 
morial window to be placed in the Red Cross Building at the 
nation's capital as a tribute of love and honor to those noble 
mothers, wives, and sweethearts who bravely endured all the 
hardships of the War between the States. Congress has hon- 
ored itself by honoring the women of the sixties and in so 
doing has brought forth the love and admiration of the solid 
South. 

The Mississippi Division is wide awake to all things per- 
taining to the good of the work and is progressing surely 
toward its goal under the brilliant leadership of its gifted 
president, Mrs. Virginia Redditt Price, of Carrollton. 

Many new Chapters have been organized during the last 
few months. New energy has been infused into the work, and 
all loyal Daughters are determined to make the year of 1917 
a banner year in history. , 



much eagerness as the little ones anticipate the yearly visit 
of the same old saint. 

In the U. D. C. department of The State Mrs. McWhirter 
has a Christmas letter of greeting and encouragement to her 
numerous Daughters, and she urges them especially to put 
forth every effort to gain new members during the coming 
year, that South Carolina's vote may be large for the candi- 
date for President whom she expects to present to the next 
general convention. 

General Reed, South Carolina's commanding officer of Con- 
federate Veterans, has asked the Chapters of the State to as- 
sist in providing Confederate uniforms for veterans who can- 
not get them for themselves, to be worn at State and general 
reunions and all other Confederate gatherings which they 
may attend and to serve these faithful sons of Dixie as burial 
robes, feeling that perhaps their last long sleep may be sweeter 
if the worn old frame is laid to rest in Confederate gray. 
Many of the Chapters have taken up the work. 

Dick Anderson Chapter, of Sumter, has offered ten prizes 
to county schools for the best celebration of Lee's birthday. 

Several Chapters are making special efforts to collect and 
preserve personal recollections of the war as told by veterans. 
It was in collecting these reminiscences that the Mary Ann 
Bowie Chapter, of Johnston, made its wonderful record last 
year, fifty-two papers being handed to the State Historian, 
thus winning for South Carolina the historical banner. 



THE SOUTH CAROLINA DIVISION. 

BY MRS. LOUISE AVER VANDIVER. 

South Carolina Chapters have accomplished good work in 
various lines. At the State convention, which met in Union 
in November, 1916, Mrs. McWhirter, Division President, pre- 
sented to Dick Anderson Chapter, of Sumter, the South Caro- 
lina banner for greatest increase in membership. Miss Bertie 
Smith, Vice President of the Piedmont District, presented 
three gavels to Chapters in her district for most excellent 
work, one going to Calvin Crozier Chapter, of Newberry, for 
the greatest disbursement of money for U. D. C. work during 
the year. This Chapter gave over $200 for educational pur- 
poses alone and gained the State banner as well as the Dis- 
trict gavel. Miss Smith presented a gavel to the William 
Wallace Chapter, of Union, for gaining the greatest number 
of new members of any Chapter in the District for the year, 
and she gave one to Hampton-Lee Chapter, of Greer, for the 
best all-round work of the year. 

At Thanksgiving the Cheraw Chapter made glad the hearts 
of a number of needy veterans by generous gifts of groceries. 
The Mary Ann Bowie Chapter, of Johnston, following its 
yearly custom, served a bountiful Thanksgiving dinner to the 
inmates of its County Home. 

The Edgefield Chapter and Robert E. Lee Chapter, of 
Anderson, sent, as usual, generous gifts, prettily arranged, to 
their County Homes at Christmas, and the old people in these 
institutions look forward to this Santa Claus visit with as 



THE OHIO DIVISION. 

BY MRS. ANNE D. WEST, CINCINNATI. 

The annual convention of the Ohio Division, U. D. C, 
was held in Dayton October 10-12, 1916, the hostess Chapter 
being the Gen. Joe Wheeler Chapter of Dayton, Mrs. E. H. 
Estabrook, President. Mrs. Elizabeth T. Sells, State Presi- 
dent, conducted the convention with her usual tact and ex- 
ecutive ability. All six Chapters of the State had delegates, 
and the Chapter Presidents' reports were full of interest. 
All Chapters have given largely to needy veterans, women of 
the Confederacy, scholarships, and the General Relief Fund. 
Emphasis was laid on the need of a State educational fund, 
and this was left in the hands of an able committee. 

A beautiful memorial service was held in memory of those 
lately deceased. The convention came to a close after much 
business had been accomplished, and thanks were given to 
the hostess Chapter for a delightful time socially. 



DAUGHTERS IN PENNSYLVANIA. 

The Pittsburgh Chapter, No. 1605, U. D. C, made a plea for 
truthful statements in Southern history at its annual historical 
meeting on December 15, 1916, in the William Penn Hotel, 
Pittsburgh. Mrs. Fannie L. Hoof, Chapter Historian, read 
Miss Mildred Rutherford's address on "The South in the 
Building of the Nation," and Mrs. J. Marvin Hall read the 
essay on "The Confederate Private," which won the prize 
offered by Hope Maury Chapter, of Norfolk, Va. A musical 
program followed. 

Mrs. John Pryor Cowan, President of the Chapter, and 
Mrs. J. Marvin Hall, Registrar, attended on December 12 a 
meeting for the observance of the one hundred and twenty- 
ninth anniversary of the Statehood of Pennsylvania as guests 
of the Women's Relief Corps, Nos. 1 and 60, of the Grand 
Army of the Republic. 



Qo^federat^ l/eteraij. 



91 



iftaturiral iepartmntt, II. S. (ft. 

Motto: "Loyalty to the truth of Confederate history." 
Key word : "Preparedness." Flower : The Rose. 

MRS. S. E. F. ROSE, HISTORIAN GENERAL U. D. C. 

The Historic Yearbooks for 1917 have been distributed, 
and all is in readiness for the Chapters to begin the year's 
study. The programs give events in chronological order, thus 
forming a great chain, and you cannot afford to miss a single 
link. Your Historian is deeply grateful fur so many compli- 
mentary letters as to 
the plan of study and 
feels more than repaid 
already for the time 
and study spent in 
the preparation of the 
programs. The notes 
will b< brief this 
month, as the U. D. C. 
and C. of C. programs 
for February and 
March are b e i 11 g 
placed in ibis numbci . 
so as to restore tin- 
regular order of hav- 
ing programs appear 
in advance Read 
every word in tin- 
Yearbook, as all nec- 
essary information is 
Contained the rein, and 
thus undue corre- 
spondence may be 
avoided. Study the 
historical contests and 

prepare to enter one of them, and have the children study 
programs arranged for them. The form of opening meetings. 
whether by ritual or prayer, iv left to the preference of each 
Chapter, also as to selections for music and readings, howevei 
the suggestion being offered that selections be from otir South 
ern authors. Remember the motto and keyword of the His- 
torical Department and let every month's stud} be such as 
will count in the final reckoning of the historical work for 
017. 




MRS. S. E. F. ROSE. 



U. D. C. PROGRAM FOR FEBRUARY, 1917. 
Topics for February Papers. 

Events of (861: Secession of Florida, January 10: Alabama, 
January 11; Georgia, January 19; Louisiana, January 26; 
Texas. February 10. 

Tell of the organization of the Confederate Stales govern- 
ment. February J. at Montgomery. Ala. first capital of the 
Southern Confederacy, by the seven seceded States. Person- 
nel of first Confederate Cabinet Inauguration of Jefferson 
Davis, President, and Alexander 11. Stephens. Yice President. 
I'ntederatc States of America, February 18. 

Who were the peace commissioners sent by Jefferson Davis 
to confer with the Federal government, and what was the 
result ? 

Describe the first Confederate Hat;. When where, and by 
whom was it raised ? 



Round-table discussion: "Was the South the first to threaten 
secession, and were the statesmen of the South the only noted 
statesmen who held that under certain conditions a State bad 
a right to secede?" 

V. D. C. PROGRAM FOR MARCH, 1917. 
Topics for March Papers. 

Events of 1S61 : Bombardment of Fort Sumter, \pril 12. 
Who was the Confederate commander, and who was in com- 
mand of the fort? Lincoln's call for 75,000 volunteers to 
coerce the South, April 15. and the proclamation of blockade 
of the entire Southern coast. Virginia seceded April 17. 
Baltimore riot April 10. where the first blood of the war was 
shed. Tell of this conflict Arkansas seceeled May 6; North 
Carolina, May 20; Tennessee, June 8, uniting with the Con- 
Eederacy. Confederate capital moved to Richmond. Va.. in 
May, 1861. Tell of the first meeting of the Confederate Con- 
gress there. 

Round-table discussion: "Was the firing em Fort Sumter by 
the Confederates or reinforcements sent to the fort by the 
Federal government the beginning of the war?" "Was faith 
as to Sumter fully kept?" "Why was it expedient to move the 
capital from Montgomery to Richmond? 



C. OF C. PROGRAM FOR FEBRUARY, 1917. 

What Siaie called the Peace Convention of 1861? 

Where was Jefferson Davis when In Mississippi', 

sei 1 ded, and what did he do 

Where was the "Bonnie Blue Flag" first Ming, and what in- 
ident suggested the writing of it. and who was its author? 

Where and when was the Southern Confederacy formed? 

Who uen made President and Vice President of the Con- 
federate States, and when were they inaugurated? 

Where- was Jefferson Davis when he was electee! President 
of the Confederacy? Did he seek the office? 

Who were the peace commissioners sent by him tei the 
Federal government to try to avert the war? 

Tell what you know about the first Confederate flag 

"Grandmother's Stories about the War." 

Song: "The Bonnie Blue Flag." 

Reference, "The South in the Building of the Nation," 
Volume II. 



C. OF C. PROGRAM FOR MARCH. 1917. 

Who made the call for 75.000 volunteers to coerce the South 
back into the Union? 

What States seceded in rapid succession after 1 1 1 i ■- 

<ii\e elates of their secession and number of States now 
composing the Southern Confederacy 

Give date of the bombardment of Fort Sumter and where 
this fort was, 

Where was the first blood of the war sbeel ? 

What two States passed acts of secession and became Con- 
federate States in October and November, 1861 ? 

What other State attempted to secede? 

Were the people living in the Southern States the only ones 
who owned slaves ? 

Was not the South trying to free her slaves long before the 
War between the States? 

"Grandfather Stories About the War." 

Song, "Maryland, My Maryland." 

Reference "Brief History oi the United States," Andrews, 
Chapter XII. 



92 



Qonfederat^ Veteran, 



Confeberateb Southern /Ifoemorial association 



Mrs. W. J. Beii an President 

New Orleans, La. 

Mrs, John E. M \xwell Treasurer 

Seale, Ala. 

Miss Daisv M. L. Hodgson Recording Secretary 

7909 Sycamore Street, New Orleans, La. 

Miss Mary A. Hall Historian 

1105H Broad Street, Augusta, Ga. 

Mrs. J. Enders Robinson Corresponding Secretary 

1 13 Third Street South, Richmond, Va. 

Mrs. Virginia Frazer Boyle Poet Laureate 

1045 Union Avenue, Memphis, Tenn. 

Next Convention to be held in 




VICE PRESIDENTS 

Alabama — Montgomery *.. .. Mrs. R. P. Dexter 

Arkansas — Fayetteville Mrs. J. Garside Welch 

Florida — Pensacola Mrs. Horace L. Simpson 

Georgia— Atlanta Mrs. A. McD. Wilson 

Louisiana — New Orleans Mrs. James Dinkins 

Mississippi— Vicksburg Mrs. E. C. Carroll 

Missouri— St. Louis Mrs. G. K. Warner 

North Carolina— Raleigh Mrs. Robert H.J one* 

South Carolina — Charleston Mrs. S. Cary Beckwith 

Tennkssee — Memphis Mrs. Charles W. Frazei 

Virginia — Front Royal Mrs, S. M. Davis-Roy 

Washington, D. C. 



MEMORIAL WORK IN ALABAMA. 

BY MRS. R. P. DEXTER, VICE PRESIDENT FOR ALABAMA C. S. M. A. 

The first day of the new year, 1917, my year's work passes 
in panoramic view before me, but foremost of all are my me- 
morial duties. Alabama has accomplished much in the past. 
The question is asked, Are the women of this generation 
losing interest in the cause their mothers loved so well and 
for which they labored so unceasingly ? No. Last year we 
celebrated our fiftieth anniversary in perpetuating the mem- 
ories of the heroes of the sixties, "lest we forget." And the 
occasion was our grandest success, with the largest crowd 
and greatest interest manifested. Our work will live and 
grow, for the women of the Southland will ever pay the debt 
they owe to the "heroes of yesterday," whose "death is the 
crowning glory of their lives." 

Can we as true, loyal Daughters forget how our mothers. 
clothed in somber black, the emblem of grief for lo'st ones, 
began in '66 to gather dear ones on Alabama soil and place 
markers? Look on Capitol Hill at the grand monument 
erected by those heart-bruised mothers to Alabama's dead, 
to the navy, cavalry, artillery, and infantry. How they strug- 
gled and saved ! The country was devastated and impov- 
erished in '66; but the Southern woman had learned at her 
country's shrine the lesson of sacrifice, and shortly the work 
of wonder and beauty arose. It was a marvel where the ac- 
cumulated fifty thousand dollars came from ; but "earnestness, 
the key to success," was ever their motto. 

Surmounting this shaft is the beautiful Goddess of Peace. 
When our National Guards were called to mobilize and 
marched up Dexter Avenue to the Capitol, I thought I saw 
her hand tremble as though she might draw the sword from 
its scabbard. This prayer arose in my heart : "God forbid." 

President Davis unveiled this beautiful monument, and 
our mothers said : "The debt is paid." But presently a low 
phantom voice came from Chickamauga saying: "Don't pass 
us by. We fell on Kelly's bloody battle field; in the fiercest 
of the fight fell Alabama's boys." Again these mothers arose, 
but years had thinned their ranks, and their steps were feeble. 
"We will begin this work, but, our children, you must finish 
it." And we did. At the Confederate Veteran Reunion at 
Chattanooga, Tenn., in 1913 we, the children, unveiled the 
monument built by the Ladies' Memorial Association of 
Montgomery, Ala. Scarcely half a dozen of those devoted 
mothers lived to see the completion of their work. Since the 
unveiling four have gone to their heavenly home, one of 
whom was our beloved Vice President of Alabama, Mrs. J. 
C. Lee. In our pride we did not selfishly take the best site, 
but left a glorious one for our State monument, which the 
legislature has promised to erect. 



Memorial Day has spread into every city, town, and hamlet 
in the State. Some say the memorial work has merged into 
the U. D. C. My friend, you can be a Daughter every day 
in the year ; but if you observe the 26th of April as Memorial 
Day, then you are for that day a memorial woman and 
should feel proud of the title. It is the oldest patriotic or 
ganization in the South. 

The Marion monument ever rises before me, for it is most 
pathetic, "The Unreturned Dead" — grief without a solace. 

The Montgomery Woman's College, with her Junior Me- 
morial and the Mary Graves Lee Junior Memorial, is to the 
Ladies' Memorial Association its star of hope, for their young, 
loving hands will carry on our sacred work. The example set 
by the students of the Alabama Polytechnic Institute is most 
worthy of emulation by all Southern colleges for our boys. 

A letter from Mrs. B. B. Ross, a brilliant, loyal Daughter 
of Auburn, tells of the beautiful observance of Memorial Da> 
held in that town. Auburn is historic, for in classic Langdon 
Hall the finest orators of the South have been heard. From 
Georgia came Seaborn Jones, Alexander Stephens, Ben Hill, 
and Bob Toombs ; among these was our magnificent William 
L. Yancey. The Auburn students of the days of the sixties, 
though mere boys, closed their books and nobly responded 
to their country's call. After a lapse of fifty years Auburn's 
faculty in 1913 gave to these veterans the diplomas they sacri- 
ficed in '61. Auburn students hail from many States in the 
Union, even from Old Mexico, India, China, and England 
The participation in the memorial exercises is not compulsory, 
but voluntary on the part of the student body. The letter 
from Mrs. Ross follows : 

Memorial Day in Auburn, Ala 

"Memorial Day is indeed a day of days in Auburn's calen- 
dar, for beautiful and impressive exercises are annually held 
in Langdon Hall, where the faculty and the large student body 
of one thousand splendid young men join the Ladies' Me- 
morial Association, the Daughters of the Confederacy, and the | 
Veterans in paying loving tribute to the matchless heroes of 
1861-65. 

"The college band, one of the best in the South, is an in- 
spiring addition to a program in which the students take the 
leading part, a young man from the senior class generally 
being the orator of the occasion. The commandant of the 
college is marshal of the day. The students march by com^ 
panics as the band leads the way to Auburn's cemetery to 
decorate the soldiers' monument and to place wreaths on the 
ninety-six graves in the Confederate lot. Songs are sung, a 
prayer is offered, salutes are fired, and 'Taps' is sounded. 

"Memorial Day is observed in answer to the purest dictates 



Qo^federat^ l/eterat}. 



93 



of the heart to teach the truth of history and to keep ever 
before these splendid young men, the future citizens of our 
country, the high ideals that acuated their noble Confederate 
ancestors and to remind them of the devoted and unselfish 
service their fathers rendered to their State and country. 

"So far as known, this is the only Memorial Day observed 
in connection with a State institution of learning." 

One might ask. Does not the annual observance of our 
Southern patriotic days engender bitterness? No, not at all, 
for our Confederate veterans will this spring march up Penn- 
sylvania Avenue, though fifty years late, cheered by the wear- 
ers of the blue, and this will be their thought, "Peace on 
earth and good will to men," one country, one flag, one Presi- 
dent ; "but memory makes love eternal." 



A MOTHER OF THE CONFEDERACY. 

BY T. J. M0SLEY, WASHINGTON, D. C. 

Mrs. Margaret Fullerton Abney was born near Pickensville. 
Pickens County, Ala., on October 18, 1829. Her father was 
one James Fullerton, born of a respectable family in Belfast. 
Ireland, in the year i~qq. lie came to America at the age of 




MRS. ABNEY AND A LITTLE GREAT-GRANDDAUGHTER. 

seventeen, chose the South as the land of his adoption, and 
when yet a young man found means of bringing his mother, 
•ne brother, and three sisters across the ocean to him. Shortly 
afterwards he was married to Adaline rleflin, a daughter of 
Alabama. Sons and daughters were born lo them, of whom 
ike last survivor is the Margaret of this sketch. 

At the age of seventeen Margaret Fullerton became the wife 
•tf Paul Collins Abney, a youngster of the same age; for those 



were the days when youth wedded on instinct and was blest 
—days when the joy of life and the call of adventure pulsed 
with the blood. The young couple at once steered a bold 
course westward and first settled in Louisiana, where their 
eldest son was born ; two years later found them established 
in their life home, a delightful seat a mile west of the pres- 
ent town of Lufkin, Angelina County, Tex. There amid the 
magnolias and the pines they reared a family of nine stalwart 
sons and three unspoiled daughters, not to mention a sister's 
three orphaned children — all heirs of God's out-of-doors and 
ihe best traditions and ideals of the Old South. 

At the outbreak of the War between the States P. C Abney 
found himself disqualified for active service on account of an 
arm crippled in a hunting accident. He therefore continued 
in his duties as assesor and collector of Texas, at the same 
time supervising government commissary stores and looking 
after the interests of the women and children left behind. 
His part in the war was not the least noble played during 
those heroic days, as Angelina County can testify. 

Meanwhile the eldest son, James Abney, heard with impa- 
tience his country's call, but it was not until 1864 that his 
years qualified him for effective service. But at that earliest 
possible moment James might have been seen riding away 
from the pleasant farm home astride his father's strongest 
horse, a rugged, stout-hearted seventeen-year-old boy. He 
carried with him two serviceable gray suits, of which he was 
very proud ; for when a mother spins, weaves, cuts, and 
stitches two suits complete for a fellow, he has every right 
to consider himself well taken care of. James Abney had 
a splendid blanket too from the same loom. Neither did he 
lack for saddle and shoes — there were lots of cowhides, oak 
bark, and big tanning vats in Angelina County in those days 
and more people who knew how to get about making shoes 
and saddles than do at the present time. Consider also that 
James was further equipped with a tremendously long, hard- 
kicking rifle and his mother's blessing, and you have a picture 
of the "Happy Warrior" that Wordsworth himself could not 
improve. Young Abney was sworn into Capt. H. G. Lane's 
company, E, Anderson's Regiment, Kirby Smith's division. 
in March, 1864. and performed efficiently all the duties of a 
soldier until discharged in June, 1865. 

Thus did the dear old lady whose picture is shown on this 
page earn her title as a "Mother of the Confederacy." To sub- 
stantiate her claim still further, there is living to-day at 
Lufkin her son-in-law, E. H. F. McMullen, who celebrated 
his golden wedding last year and is himself a great-grand- 
father. He enlisted in the Confederate army as a member 
of Company D, 7th Texas Cavalry, Sibley's Brigade, better 
known afterwards as Green's Brigade. He was mustered in 
at San Antonio in September, 1861, and served throughout the 
war. Returning safe and sound to the girl he left behind him, 
he was wedded to Miss Sarah Abney in the fall of 1865. 

Mrs. Abney has thirty-nine grandchildren, forty-three great- 
grandchildren, and one great-great-granddaughter; so that she 
possesses the unusual distinction of living into the fifth gen- 
eration. So here you see her sitting at ease in the home of 
her veteran son at Brownwood, Tex., happy in the company 
of little Miss Helen Elizabeth Abney. a great-granddaughter. 
Serenely she looks through her window at the stream of 
younger life flowing past, rich in memory, plenteous in good 
deeds, and comforted by the thought that her eighty-seven 
years have not been without their part in the establishment 
of the civilization of Texas, the mightiest star in the con- 
stellation of the So«to. 



94 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 



CAPT. BR0MF1ELD LEWIS RIDLEY. 

A TRIBUTE BY HIS FRIEND AND COMRADE. CAPT. RICHARD BEARD. 

Capt. Bromfield L. Ridley, who died at his home, in Mur- 
freesboro. Tenn., on January 12, 1917, was born near the old 
town of Jefferson. Rutherford County, Tenn., which is now 
a "deserted village," but in the early life of Tennessee prided 
itself on being the county seat, having a courthouse and large 
brick hotel for the accommodation of distinguished visitors. 
Among those who attended the courts there were Gen. An- 
drew Jackson, Thomas H. Benton, and a number of other 
worthies whose names were famous in the early history of 
the State. 

Young Ridley was a playmate and schoolmate of the hero- 
martyr Sam Davis. They attended a school near Old Jeffer- 
son taught by Rufus McClain, of Lebanon, afterwards a 
captain in the "th Tennessee Regiment, and were together in 
the Military Academy at Nashville when the war broke out, 
from which Sam Davis enlisted in Company I, 1st Tennessee 
Regiment. Ridley went home and was in the rear of the 
Federal army when, on the 31st of December, 1862, McCook's 
Corps, on the right of the Federal line of battle, was shat- 
tered by Cleburne's and Cheatham's Divisions. Vast num- 
bers of McCook's command ingloriously left the field and, 
straggling through woods and cornfields, made their way 
toward Nashville. "Brom" Ridley and other youngsters from 
the neighborhood of Jefferson, such as President Davis called 
the "seed corn of the Confederacy," armed themselves with 
shotguns and other implements of warfare and captured vast 
numbers of the stragglers, including a Federal colonel, who 
was afterwards cashiered for cowardice. 

Soon after this young Ridley enlisted in a company of 
Ward's Regiment, in Morgan's command, his brother, George 
C Ridley, being a lieutenant in the company. He had his 
first baptism of fire in the battle of Milton, Tenn., where 
Morgan, coming in contact with a largely superior force of 
the enemy, met with disaster. Ridley was with his captain 
on the field when the latter fell mortally wounded and begged 
the boy not to leave him. True to the instincts of a chival- 
rous nature, the gallant boy picked up the body of his cap- 
tain, who was dying, if not already dead, and trudged slowly 
back to his command, which had already retired, knowing 
that the death-dealing bullets of the enemy were following 
every step he made. 

After this he was commissioned a lieutenant and ordered to 
duty as aid on the staff of Gen. A. P. Stewart. He was with 
General Stewart at Chickamauga, all through the Dalton and 
Atlanta campaign, the ill-starred and ill-fated expedition of 
Hood into Tennessee in the fall and winter of 1864, and 
finally at Greensboro, N. C, where, on April 26, 1865, the 
Southern Confederacy became only a memory. Returning 
home, he entered a private school, taught in the old univer- 
sity building at Murfreesboro, and later entered the Law De- 
partment of Cumberland University, at Lebanon, from which 
he graduated with honor. He then entered upon the practice 
of law at Murfreesboro. becoming the junior member of the 
firm of Ridley and Avent, and from that time he was an 
active and successful practitioner until his death, accumulating 
a handsome estate. He was a writer of ability, and some 
years ago he published his reminiscences of the war under 
the title of "Campaigns and Battles of the Army of Tennes- 
see." He was well known throughout Rutherford County, 
and few men have been more missed than he. 

Captain Ridley was married on December 4, 1879, to Miss 




CAPT. B. L. RIDLEY. 

Idelette Lyon, daughter of the Rev. James A. Lyon, D.D., of 
Columbus, Miss., who survives him with two sons. 

His last official act was attaching his notarial seal to an 
instrument of law for me the evening before he died. We 
separated then for the last time. The next morning I was 
shocked to learn that he had died suddenly the night before. 

Comrade, farewell ! 
"Sleep deep, sleep in peace, sleep in memory ever; 

Wrapt be the soul in the deeds of its deathless endeavor 

Till the stars be recalled and the firmament furled 

In the dawn of a daylight undying." 



1 HE BATTLE OF YELLOW BAYOU. 
During the retreat of Banks's army from its unsuccessful 
Red River expedition many engagements took place between 
it and the pursuing Confederate army, under Gen. Richard 
Taylor. None was more spirited and hotly contested than the 
battle of Yellow Bayou, which took place on the 18th of April, 
1864. The scene of this engagement was along an inland 
stream, a tributary of Bayou des Glaises. in the eastern sec- 
tion of the parish of Aroyelles, about two miles from the 
Atehafalaya River. The Federal army, after meeting slight 
resistance at Marksville. Mansura, and Moreauville, found the 
Confederates in force ready to meet it and formed in line of ! 
battle at Yellow Bayou. General Taylor's command, after 
the victories of Mansfield and Spring Hill, had, however, been 
considerably reduced by the transfer of about fifteen thousand 
of its veteran soldiers to Arkansas to join Gen. Kirby Smith, 
and there were left him just enough men to harass the re- 
treating Federals. General Polignac, who, after the death 
of General Mouton at Mansfield, had been promoted to the 
command of a division, commanded the Louisiana troops and 
General Walker the Texans. their divisions numbering but 
a few thousand each. 



Qoijfederat^ Ueterap. 



95 



All along and around Yellow Bayou was a dense wood in 
which the Confederates were concealed. As soon as the 
"bluecoats," as Polignac called them, appeared near that now 
famous bayou the Confederate batteries, notably the St. Mary 
Cannoneers and the Pelicans of Louisiana and the Benton of 
Texas, opened a fierce lire and precipitated a deadly conflict 
between the contending forces which soon became general. 
The rattle of musketry and the boom of cannon made this 
hitherto peaceful and fertile valley echo and reecho with their 
fearful sounds. The battle began at eleven o'clock in the 
morning and lasted until four o'clock in the afternoon, when 
the Confederates withdrew or rather erased firing and per 
hlitted the enemy to pass by on Its way to tlie east side of t lie 
Missisippi River. 

While the Confederates had but a handful of men against 
Banks's entire army, the result was decidedly in favor of the 
boys in gray. There were between 1,200 and 1,500 men killed, 
the Federals losing about two-thirds of that number. A large 
number of Avoyelles boys took part in the battle and a< 
quitted themselves, like their comrades in arms, as true hero* 
Many were killed, and to-day their kinsmen point with prick- 
to the spot where they met a soldier's death, dying in defense 
of principles deemed worthy the arbitrament of the sword. 

The effect of this engagement was to rid the Trans Missis- 
sippi Department of the army of invasion, and ever 
wards the resounding footsteps and dull tramp of a hostile 
soldiery ceased to In- heard on this side of the Mississippi 
I River. The lesson taught the invaders at Mansfield, Spring 
Hill. Monettc Ferry, and Yellow Bayou was not soon for- 
gotten and caused tin- armed hosts of the North to leave in 
peace and tranquillity the valleys of the Red and Atchafalaya. 



IN CAMP AND PRISON. 

[At the request of his family, the following story of his 
services as a soldier was dictated by John Rupert Baird in 
1910 at his home, in Baird, Miss, lie wis a native of that 
State, born at the plantation home of his parents, near Wana 
lak, Noxubee County, in May, 1841. When he returned from 
the army, he settled in Sunflower County, where he accumu- 
lated a large landed estate and became prominent as 
ing citizen. Many years before his death his health failed ; 
but in the midst of his great suffering he was bright and 
cheerful, always sanguine, genial, and hospitable, interested 
in all matters of private and public concern, lie died at his 
home, in Columbus, Miss., on August 27, 1916, and was laid 
to rest in Friendship Cemetery, of that city. 

I was at Bethany College. Va., when war was declared and 
started home at once, going down the Ohio River from 
Wheeling to Cairo, then down the Mississippi to Vicksburg. 
Federal troops were then stationed at Cairo As my father, 
Dr. James M. Baird, with his family, had refugeed to his 
plantation in Sunflower County, Miss., to escape the Federals, 
I went directly there. Soon after I enlisted in Blythe's Mis 
sissippi Regiment. Cheatham's Brigade. We went first to 
Union City, Tenn., and drilled. I was selected as a sharp 
shooter and placed in the battalion of Maj. William Richards. 
We next camped for a short while at New Madrid. Mo. 
i igoing thence to Columbus, Ky.. into winter quarters, after- 
': wards dropping back to Union City and vicinity. From there 
we went to Shiloh. participating in that battle. We then fell 
; iack and were transferred to Chattanooga ami Stevensnnville. 



• 



marched through Tennessee into Kentucky, being in General 
Bragg's army, camped a day or two at Cave City, and had a 
battle at Mumfordsville in Gen. James Chalmers's brigade. 
Here Col. William Richards, of Columbus. Miss., and of our 
battalion of sharpshooters, was shot through the lungs with a 
Minie ball. I was wounded on the nose. lip. and hand, and 
lost three teeth by being struck by a fragment of shell. 

I went home on a three weeks' furlough, then rejoined my 
command between Atlanta and Chattanooga, when we marched 
to Chickamauga and fought there and at Missionary Ridge, 
where I was captured and kept in prison at Rock Island for 
nineteen months. I was detailed as a clerk in the adjutant's 
office, on parole oath, to keep his books, records, etc., and was 
afterwards detailed in the the surgeon in charge as 

clerk. For this I was paid a small amount and received all 
the citizen's clothes I needed and many comforts. I was al- 
lowed the freedom of the city, also of Molinc and Davenport, 
under parole oath. During this time I made the acquaintance 
ot many Southern sympathizers, known as "Copperheads." and 

frequently visited Miss Kate 1' and the Misses B , all 

of Kentucky. I remained at the prison until all were ex- 
changed, and when ready to return home I was given $25 and 
furnished transportation to Cairo and thence down the Mis- 
sissippi River to Greenville. The captain of the boat refused 
•■i M..p then, but went over to Gaines's Landing, Ark., where 
I ••pent the night on a plantation. 

The following morning I attempted to cross in a dugout, but 
was soon compelled to throw the water out vigorously with 

the paddles; and it became 
a problem as to whether to 
return or to continue to the 
Mississippi shore. When 
about half over, the boat be- 
gan to sink. I cased myself 
• uit. first passing my arm 
through the handles of my 
grip, which contained many 
trinkets for the dear ones 
at home, such as beautiful 
pieces of jewelry made by 
me and other prisoners from 
rubber combs and other ar- 
ticles and inlaid with shells 
resembling mother-of-pearl. 
As the boat turned over I 
caught the gunnels and 
rested my chin upon the end 
which afforded a support. I thus floated for an hour and a 
half, until I saw a boat coming downstream. When the boat 
had come near enough, an Irish deck hand threw out an im- 
mense rope which struck me across the face and head, but I 
grasped it. I then held up my grip for him to take, but with 
an oath he said I was a greenhorn not to let it drop. Finally 
he reached down, and just as he caught the handles of the 
grip they broke, and it sank out of sight forever. I was in a 
dazed condition for a while after being taken on board. For- 
tunately, a Rock Island comrade from Louisiana named Haz- 
zard. who happen to be a passenger, recognized me and pro- 
cured restoratives which brought me warmth and life, and 
dry clothing was also provided me. I was landed at Green- 
ville, where 1 borrowed a mule and soon reached my home in 
Sunflower County. 




JOH N R. BAIRD, 



9 6 



C^o^federat^ l/eterai) 



SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS 

Organized in July, 1896, at Richmond, Va. 



OFFICERS. 

Commander in Chief, Ernest G. Baldwin, Roanoke, Va. 
Adjutant in Chief, N. B. Forrest, Biloxl, Miss. 



MEMBERSHIP CAMPAIGN IN DISTRICT OF 
COLUMBIA. 

BY W. E. BROCKMAN, COMMANDER D. OF C. DIVISION. 

A monster membership campaign is now being inaugurated 
by the Sons in the District of Columbia with the idea of en- 
rolling one thousand Sons by the time of the Reunion in 
Washington, which has been set for June 5, 6, and 7. Mr. T. 
Frank Morgan has been, made chairman of this committee, 
and he will start the work in earnest by sending out several 
thousand letters to those eligible for membership and will also 
make this appeal through the newspapers. 

It now looks as if the Sons would have from five to ten 
thousand members uniformed to march in the parade. Col. 
Robert N. Harper, Chairman of the Civic Committee in Wash- 
ington, is making an appeal to all the cities in the South, 
through the medium of their Chambers of Commerce, to uni- 
form every Veteran and Son that can be found and, with 
bands of music, send them on to the national capital as rep- 
resentatives of their city. Dr. Clarence J. Owens, Assistant 
Adjutant in Chief, is making an appeal to each Camp in the 
Confederation to send large delegations uniformed to the Re- 
union. 

In order that all visitors may be well cared for and enter- 
tained, the city has announced a plan of erecting a structure 
on the monument grounds that will accommodate any num- 
ber. Sleeping quarters and free medical attention will be pro- 
vided for all veterans who desire to make this building their 
headquarters. In addition to this, all veterans and their fami- 
lies will be provided with free medical attention during their 
entire stay in this city. 

Maj. E. W. R. Ewing, Chairman of the Sons' Reunion 
Committee, will return at an early date to this city and open 
the Sons' Reunion headquarters, where all communications 
for information should be addressed. 



COMMANDER OF THE TENNESSEE DIVISION. 

Commander in Chief Ernest G. Baldwin has announced the 
appointment of R. I. McClearen, of Nashville, Tenn., as 
Commander of the Tennessee Division, succeeding Walter C. 
Chandler, of Memphis. Mr. McClearen is one of the active 
young business men of Nashville and has been prominently 
identified with the Sons of Veterans for several years, serv- 
ing as Commander of the Third Brigade on the staff of Com- 
mander Chandler. 

Tennessee is divided into six Brigades, and upon each 
Commander rests the active work of organizing new Camps 
and making preparations for reunions. Commander Mc- 
Clearen is now selecting his Brigade Commanders to perfect 
the State official organization. His staff will be composed of 
about eighteen members of the organization in various parts 
of the State. It is hoped to make Tennessee lead in the num- 
ber of Camps and members to report at the Washington Re- 
union in June. General activity along this line has begun in 
all parts of the South. 



-COMMODORE MONTGOMERY"— A CORRECTION. 

BY W. F. CLAYTON, FLORENCE, ALA. 

In the Veteran for January, 1017, appears an article by 
Mrs. Eloise Tyler Jacobs, Historian of the Illinois Division, 
U. D. C, giving a history of Commodore Montgomery, whom 
she styles a "naval hero." It appears that this article is taken 
from the Chicago Tribune of April 5, 1896; therefore she is 
not to blame for its being mostly fiction. 

As Secretary of the Survivors' Association of the Confed- 
erate States Navy, it is my duty to keep the record of that 
branch of the Confederacy straight. We simply want facts ; 
our record needs no embellishment. It stands for itself when 
truthfully told. 

Montgomery was never in the Confederate States navy ; as 
to his connection with the army I know nothing. He was a 
kind of "water rover," subject to no authority other than to 
do the enemy all the harm he could. He organized a small 
fleet of river boats and operated mostly in or on the upper 
Mississippi River. Like Mosby and Morgan, he did considera- 
ble damage to the enemy. His daring attracted much commeni 
and praise, but his career was short, continuing only until the 
United States was able to build a Mississippi fleet, when he 
was driven up rivers flowing into the Mississippi where the 
United States boats could not pursue. I don't wish to de- 
tract from his record, for while it lasted it showed him to be 
a man of extraordinary courage and ability and one of whom 
the Confederacy was proud. My object is only to keep the 
record straight. 

Commodore Montgomery was not the inventor of what is 
termed here as the "submarine ram.'' It was as old as the 
hills, consisting only of a mere pointed piece of iron placed 
on the bow of the ship to strengthen the bow and protect it 
in case of a collision Neither did he fit one to the warship 
Virginia (Merrimac). I was an eye-witness of the Hampton 
Roads naval battle, being a midshipman on the Patrick Henry, 
which participated in the Saturday's fight on March 8, 1862. 
on which day the Cumberland was sunk by the Virginia, and 
in striking her the submarine ram, as here styled, was 
wrenched off. That was the only ship the Virginia ever 
rammed. Nor did this claimed invention inspire the building 
of the Monitor, as she arrived at Fortress Monroe Saturday 
night, and the battle with the Virginia took place on Sunday, 
March 9, 1862. Neither did he file charges against Commo- 
dore Hollins or they were thrown in the wastebasket, for 
Hollins was the officer who bombarded Greytown for an in- 
sult to our flag before the war and who, with an army officer. 
Colonel Thomas, of Baltimore, captured the steamer St. 
Nicholas running between Baltimore and Washington, D. C. 

A story of this capture will not be out of place here. Hol- 
lins conceived the idea of capturing this boat ; so, immediately 
running alongside the United States gunboat Pawnee, the 
largest of the Potomac fleet, under the plea of having mail for 
her, he captured her and others of the United States fleet 
Certainly a daring proposition. He then sent Thomas to Bal- 
timore, who there disguised himself as a woman and took pas- 
sage for Washington under the name of Madame Zarvona 
She had several large trunks and on the way down, complain- 
ing of the headache, retired to her stateroom. At every stop- 
ping place laborers were boarding the steamer, going to Wash- 
ington to hunt work, and when the boat reached Point Look- 
out a venerable old man took passage for Washington. The 
steamer had barely cleared the wharf when the lady came 
from her stateroom dressed as a Confederate officer, the old 



C^opfederat^ l/eterap. 



97 



man threw off his disguise, and the laborers opened the trunks 
containing arms. The surprised captain surrendered without 
resistance. No United States gunboats being in the vicinity, 
Hollins's plan to capture the Pawnee failed ; but he overhauled 
several ships and burned them, then, running up the Rappa- 
hanock River, dismantled and burned the St. Nicholas. Does 
such an act show cowardice ? The only Confederate ship on 
the upper Mississippi that made any special record was the 
Arkansas. 

Montgomery had nothing to do with raising or converting 
the Merrimac into a war vessel; Confederate States naval 
officers did that. The claim of sinking the Preble as captain 
of the Van Dorn is entirely fiction. I have before me the 
United States naval list of vessels that attacked New Orleans 
after bombarding Fort Jackson for several days, and the 
Preble is not in the list; neither is the Van Dorn in the list 
of the Confederate fleet. 

The naval records of both the United States and Confed 
erate States mention nothing of Montgomery in the tights 
between the Arkansas and the Federal fleet, and all that is 
claimed for him in this article is fiction, for his claim to sink- 
ing the United States Mound City fairly contradicts the story. 
After the destruction of the Arkansas, her officers and crew 
were transferred to land batteries. Capt. Joseph Fry, who 
commanded the Confederate States steamer Haurepas, escaped 
to White River. Hearing that the enemy's fleet was coining 
up to assist General Curtis, Fry ran his vessel a short distance 
below St. Charles, sank his ship and two others to prevent 
their passage, and placed his men and guns in two batteries. 
he commanding one and Lieutenant Dunnington the other 
On June 17, 1862, the Mound City, St. Louis, Lexington, ami 
Connestoga appeared and opened fire upon him. Fry waited 
until he had the Mound City between the two batteries, then 
both batteries opened upon her ; a shot entered her boilers 
and blew her up. 

Montgomery claims that he built the great man-of-wai 
Nashville which sank seven of Farragut's fleet one morning. 
Was there ever such rot published ? The ironclad Tennessee 
and the wooden gunboats Morgan, Gaines, and Selma consti- 
tuted the Confederate fleet at Mobile when Farragut with his 
fleet attacked. The Tennessee carried six guns, Commander J. 
D. Johnson ; the Gaines, six guns, Capt. G. W. Harrison ; the 
Selma, four guns, Capt. P. Murphy. Farragut's fleet consisted 
of four monitors, with fourteen wooden ships carrying one 
hundred and forty-eight guns of large caliber. The Confed- 
erates lost the Tennessee, while the Federals lost the monitor 
Tecumseh, with her whole crew, between four hundred and 
five hundred men and officers. The whole loss of the Con- 
federates was: killed, 12; wounded, 19. The Federals, killed, 
172; wounded, 112, or more than all of Buchanan's command. 
The Tennessee, having had her steering gear shot away, be- 
came unmanageable and in that position was surrounded by 
the Federal fleet at short range, when Buchanan, commander 
of the fleet, surrendered, as did also the Selma. The Morgan 
escaped to the city of Mobile. Thus ended the battle of 
Mobile, which occurred on August 5, 1864. 

At Mobile Captain Ferrand had on the stocks two ironclads 
building and the wooden steamers Nashville, Baltic, and Mor- 
gan. The approaches to Mobile had been pretty well pro- 
tected by torpedoes, and after the evacuation of the forts the 
Yankees turned their attention to the city ; but before they got 
it they lost another monitor and seven wooden ships. The 
city was occupied by the Federals on April II, 1865. 

I might analyze this fairy talc in which Mongomcry is "Jack 



the giant killer" to its whole length, but nothing more is 
necessary. I want to say that I don't place any of the blame 
on Mrs. Jacobs, but on the Chicago Tribune. I am confident 
that its information never came from the lips of Commodore 
Montgomery, whose record exonerates him from such froth 
and self-praise; and it is simply to keep the record straight 
that I ask for this correction. 



MY BIRTHDAY. 

BY W. H. KEARNEY, TREZEVANT, TENN. 

To-day, the 9th of January, 1917, I am made to realize that 
life, like the natural day, has its morning, noon, and evening, 
its joys and its sorrows, and that the aged cannot feel the 
exhilarating brightness of life. For I am celebrating my 
seventy-third anniversary to-day. Many changes have come 
in those seventy-three years. The old-fashioned fireplace, the 
stagecoach, the spinning wheel and hand loom have all dis- 
appeared for things more convenient 

My memory runs back to about fifty-live years ago, to 
March, 1862. I was only eighteen years old, dreaming of a 
bright future, when war came as a bolt out of the blue. Then 
1 quit dreaming and went to face the cruel and bitter reali- 
ties "f war I joined Company L, of the 6th Tennessee Regi- 
ment, and on the 27th of June, 1862, we fought a great bat- 
tle at Dead Angle, Ga., and slaughtered many. Oftentimes 
we \vcre very tired and hungry, and after a long, cold jour- 
ney we would wrap ourselves in our blankets and lie down to 
sleep all night, awaking the next morning to find ourselves 
buried in the snow. I was wounded in the battle of Chicka- 
mauga, but, being only a flesh wound, it didn't delay me very 
long. I was also in the last battle fought at Nashville, De- 
i-ember 15 and 18, 1864. We endured many hardships during 
those four years. Memory fails me when I try to recall them 
all, but I do remember that I went home without any shoes 
upon my feet. 

Most of the comrades with whom I started have one by one 
gone on before ; two of those I loved last year, Capt. W. W 
Fulsom, of Hope, Ark., and Dr. W. J. W. Kerr, of Corsi- 
cana, Tex. 

Long may the Confederate Veteran live in its noble 
work! It will ever be a welcome visitor in my home. 



A WEAK LINK. 



A Connecticut man who says he was a spy for the Union 
army at the time of our late family row was over in Atlanta 
a day or so ago and while there told the newspaper boys 
soime of the thrilling experiences he had while Sherlocking 
in that immediate vicinity. Among other things, he said : 
"I came into Atlanta in '62, slipping into the Confederate lines 
to see what I could. Somebody got next to me, and while 
I was trying to get away I heard bloodhounds baying. I was 
away out near the river then, and I beat them to it and got out 
in the water up to my knees. The hounds came on in single 
file. I was afraid to use my revolver because of the noise, 
but had a big knife, and as each hound leaped for my throat 
I caught him by the neek with my left hand and stabbed him 
to the heart with my knife. I dropped all six of them into 
the river and swam across." Which would be thrilling enough 
if it were not that, for us anyway, the edge had been taken off 
by seeing it in "The Life of Ananias" or somewhere before 
it appeared in the Atlanta papers. — Macon Telegraph. 

Training the dogs so they would come at him one at a time 
must have been the hardest part of the feat.— Mobile Register. 



9 8 



Qoi)federat^ l/eterai). 



MANASSAS BATTLE FIELD PARK. 

BY CEORCE C. ROUND, MANASSAS, VA. 

About fifteen years ago a bill was introduced into Con- 
gress by our member, Hon. John M. Piney, to provide for 
the care and preservation of the monuments and other his- 
torical associations connected with the first battle field of the 
War between the States and the field nearest the capital of 
the nation. Since that time the Military Committee of the 
House has given hearings to the veterans on both sides who 
favor the project and to the Daughters of the Confederacy, 
who have erected near Groveton a white marble monument 
in the Confederate Cemetery and near by a pretty pavilion 
in which excursion parties of both gray and blue have been 
at \ arious times welcomed. The various hearings were 
printed in a House document three years ago, together with 
the report made by the War Department at the request of 
Congress. 

Our present member of Congress, Hon. C. C. Carlin, in- 
troduced a year ago House Bill No. 8 to carry out the recom- 
mendations of the Army Board and hopes to secure favor- 
able action at the present Congress. Finding that the House 
document which contained the hearings mentioned and the 
map from the War Department was not obtainable at the 
present time owing to the great demand therefor, Mr. Car- 
lin has secured a reprint of two thousand copies. This letter 
is written to suggest that the Veteran readers who are in- 
terested write at once to their members of Congress asking 
for a copy of Mr. Carlin's bill, No. 8, Sixty-Fourth Congress, 
and House document No. 481, Sixty-Third Congress, second 
session. It is important to mention the Sixty-Third Con- 
gress, as the report in question was made three years ago. 
This document contains much interesting historical matter 
only obtainable therefrom. I also ask your interested readers 
to write their members to interview Mr. Carlin and to as- 
sure him of their support for his bill. 

The report of the Army Board recommends the purchase 
by the United States of one hundred and twenty-eight acres 
of the Henry farm and one hundred and forty-five acres of 
the Dogan farm. It may be of interest to know that these 
tracts of land are both still in the possession of the same 
families owning them in 1861 and 1862. 

The writer is a subscriber to the Veteran and is known to 
many of its readers as a Union signal officer during the war 
who settled at Manassas in the practice of law in 1869. He 
is vain enough to ask your readers to read the "Brief" filed 
with the Army Board and published on pages 5-11 of said 
House document No. 481 of the Sixty-Third Congress, in 
which he has endeavored to bring out some singular facts re- 
garding these historic plains with which the history of our 
country is so closely identified. 

In closing I venture to refer to the dedication by Northern 
and Southern veterans on September 30 of last year of a 
jubilee tablet on our courthouse lawn, corner of Grant and 
Lee Avenues. The tablet is part of a striking commemora- 
tive group erected by our County Board of Supervisors, con- 
sisting of two bronze cannon of the vintage of 1862 and other 
military and naval insignia secured for us from the United 
States Congress by Mr. Carlin. The unique inscription is as 
follows : 

"In commemoration of the Manassas National Jubilee of 
Peace, the first instance in history where suvivors of a great 
battle met fifty years after and exchanged friendly greetings 
at the place of actual combat. Here on July 21, 1911, the 
••.losing scene was enacted." 



"The tableau of the reunited States. The President, the 
Governor of Virginia, and forty-eight maidens in white took 
part with 1.000 veterans of the blue and the gray and 10,000 
citizens of the new America." 

At the time of the great Confederate Reunion in Washing- 
ton next spring I shall be glad to join in welcoming the boys 
in gray to these historic and battle-scarred plains. 



TO YOU AXD ALL YOUR FAMILY. 

.W Field, leader in the minstrel world, is a philosopher as 
well as fun-maker. His "Tenth Annual Letter to Bill Brown," 
sent out as a Christmas and New Year greeting "to all man- 
kind," is invigorating by its breeziness. Now and then he 
drops into verse that "helps to point a moral." He says : 

"Life is a short day's climb, and it behooves us to make 
the best of it for our fellow men's sake. 

"There is only one method of meeting life's test — 
Just keep on a-strivin' and hope for the best ; 
Don't give up the ship and retire in dismay 
'Cause hammers are thrown when you'd like a bouquet. 
I his world would be tiresome, we'd all get the blues 
If all the folks in it held the same views. 
So finish your work, show the best of your skill ; 
Some people won't like it, but other folks will. 

If you're leading an army or building a fence, 

Do the best that you kin with your own common sense. 

One small word of praise in this journey of tears 

Outweighs in the balance 'gainst a cartload of sneers. 

The plants that we're passing as commonplace weeds 

Oft prove to be jes' what the sufferer needs. 

So keep on a-goin' ; don't you stay standin' still; 

Some people won't like you, but other folks will." 

He heartily subscribes to this New Year resolution : "We 
agree to let the unfortunate past drop into oblivion and never 
recall a disagreeable mistake unless it be to arm ourselves 
against falling into further error. 

"So here's to the coming year — 
A prayer, a song, a cry, 

To the God of passing years, 
Who can give us strength for the journey's length 

And rainbow all our tears." 



Colonel of sth Tennessee Cavalry. — W. G. Allen, of 
Dayton, Tenn., calls attention to an error by Dr. Donoho in 
his article on "A Long Night," page 27 of the January Vet- 
eran, in referring to a "Colonel McKinley" as commanding 
some Tennessee cavalry. Mr. Allen says : "Gen. W. Y. C. 
Hume's division, composed of Terrell's and Ashby's Brigades 
of Cavalry, covered the W. & A. Railroad from Dalton to 
Atlanta. The battle of, Calhoun was fought May 16, 1864. 
Col. George W. McKenzie commanded the 5th Tennessee 
Cavalry, of Ashby's Brigade, which was Wheeler's rear guard 
in posting pickets. I was adjutant of the 5th Tennesese, and 
I came by the field hospital, where the wounded were left. 
After hearing a report of wounded being left, Colonel Mc- 
Kenzie directed me to write an order to Dr. Delany, Ashby's 
Brigade surgeon, for ambulances to carry the wounded to a 
place of safety. I remember well talking to the comrades 
and wounded, but don't remember the names. Those were 
busy days and nights. I have the old order book of the 5th 
Regiment. There was no Colonel McKinley in Hume's Di- 






Qor)federat<? l/eterar?. 



99 



vision or Wheeler's Corps. If there is an adjutant of Hume's 
Division now living, I would like to hear from him." 

[In a list of officers of the Confederate army there is no 
one by the name of McKinley; so it is evident that the officer 
referred to by Dr. Donoho was Col. George W. McKenzie, 
of the 5th Tennessee Cavalry.] 



On page 549 of the December Veteran an error in title 
of article locates the battle of Dingle's Mill in Florida instead 
of in South Carolina. 

In the article by John \V. Higgins, on page ;8, sixteenth 
line from bottom of column, there is reference to "engaging 
McLoud's army," when it should have been "McClellan's." 



THE JErPliRSOX DAVIS MEMORIAL. 
1 Continued n - 
Julian S. Carr, of North Carolina, has made this possible. It 
will be a magnificent memorial not only to Mr. Davis, but to 
the Confederate States, for it will be the most imposing of all 
the monuments which have been erected to the glory of 
Southern manhood and womanhood. This great work will 
certainly interest many people throughout the Southland who 
would be g ntributc in some amount to the comple- 

tion <>f the wonderliul monument. 

Capt. John II. Leathers, Treasurer of the Jefferson Davis 
Home Association, Louisville, K< . reports that $2,000 was re 
during the month. All contributions should be sent to 
him. 1 verybodj is asked to contribute liberally. 



Information Wwted. — Mr. Leroy S. 
Boyd, 15 Seventh Street N. E., Wash 
ington, D. C, desires to hear from any 
one who knows anything about the Kap 
pa Alpha College Fraternity, whit h ( \ 
isted at many Southern colleges b( fore 
the war and which died out in 1866. It 
was also called Kuklos Adelphon, or 
Circle of Brothers. Its badge was dia- 
mond-shaped, with a large circle in the 
center and the letter "A" in the center of 
the circle. Names of members especially 
desired and location of chapters 

Mrs. E. S. Crowcll, of Chelsea. Ma 
wishes to secure the record of her 
grandfather, John Floyd Stallings, as a 
Confederate soldier. Me enlisted from 
Mississippi and served in the artillery; 
at one time lie was under General 
Bt igg. She will appreciate hearing 
from any of his surviving comrades. 



Mrs. E. L. Dickenson, of Herndon, 
Ky.. Route I, is anxious to get in com- 
munication with some one who remem- 
bers her husband, R. D. Dickenson, who 
was with Captains Craig and Nelson 
under Generals Forrest and Bell. His 
duty was to gather up the cattle and de- 
liver to the commissary department. 



John W. Bratcher, of Mena, Ark., 
wants to get in communication with 
some one who can testify to the service 
of James P. Hasty, who enlisted in Com- 
pany A, 28th Tennessee Regiment of In- 
fantry, in 1861 under Capt. Parker 
Simms and Col. John P. Murray. Mr. 
Hasty was wounded in the battle of 
Murfreesboro and discharged. He 
afterwards joined the 16th Tennessee 
nent, Company B, commanded by 
Ad Fisk. He also would like to bear 
from some one who knew J. II. Parker, 
of the 31st Tennessee Infantry and 12th 
Tennessee, consolidated. The widows 
of these men are in need of pensions. 




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STAMPS WANTED 

Cash paid for postage stamps from let- 
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Beacon Street, Brookline, Mass. 



R. U. Brown, of Lytle, Tex., enlisted 
in the Confederate service on the 22d of 
May, 1861, at Jackson, Tenn., in a com- 
pany commanded by Captain Haywood, 
later merged in the /th Tennessee Cav- 
alry Regiment. He would like to hear 
from some of his old comrades. 



Marion W. Ripy, Inter-Southern Life 
Building, Louisville, Ky., is trying to 
complete the record of George Washing- 
ton Brown. It is thought that he served 
under Captain Fitzhenry until his death 
and then under Captain Buchanan. He 
was with Forrest. His widow is in need 
of a pension. 

Mrs. I. L. Newsome, 606 East Hous- 
ton Avenue, Marshall, Tex., wants in- 
formation of the service of her husband, 
I. L. Newsome, who enlisted at Sebas- 
topol, Miss., and was under Captain 
Howard; second lieutenant, Hardy Hill. 
They were at Jackson, Miss., two 
months. He was in the Bethel fight. 



Mrs. J. K. Munnerlyn, of Jackson- 
ville, Fla., wishes to hear from any one 
who can testify to the record of Capt. 
W. D. Olivieros, who entered the Con- 
federate service in Company B, 8th 
Georgia Regiment, was later transferred 
to the navy, and was commander of the 
steamer Resolute at the time she was 
tender to Ram Savannah. Captain 
Olivieros is eighty-four years of age and 
is in need of a pension. 



Mrs. Edward Schaaf, of St. Mary's, 
Mo., is trying to complete the record of 
her uncle, William Henry Harrison 
Cox, known as Harry Cox, who en- 
listed in the Confederate army early in 
1862 from Pocahontas, Ark., and served 
until the end of the war. His brother, 
George Washington Cox, also enlisted 
in the 7th Arkansas under General 
Shaver. He was made lieutenant at 
Corinth. Any information of either will 
be gladly received. 



D. F. Thompson, of Jefferson City, 
Mo., seeks information of one Rev. 
James C. Thompson, who at the begin- 
ning of the war was a resident of Dunk- 
lin County, Mo., and presiding elder of 
the Bloomfield Circuit, Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, South. He was chaplain 
of an Arkansas regiment — thinks it was 
the 45th Arkansas Infantry Volunteers 
— and died a few months after his re- 
turn from the war. Information is 
wanted of his life and where he is 
buried. 



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E. B. Bowie, 8i I North Eutaw Street. 
Baltimore, Md.; wants to know where 
the re\ oh i r fai tory of I eei h 8 Rigdon 
was situated and who made the Con- 
federate "Colt" revolvers with brass 
frames. 

J. W. Xnnnelee. Route .;. ["upelo, 
Miss., wants to know how long it took 
Gen. Andrew Jackson to move his army 
from Nashville, Tenn., to Natchez, 
Miss., or to New Orleans, and on which 
side of the Tombigbee River he trav- 
eled. 

Mrs. Sarah P. Jones, of Vida. Ua., 
Route i, is applying for a pension and 
wants to hear from some comrade who 
remembers her husband, M. (I Jones, of 
Company F, 3d Alabama Cavalry. I te 
enlisted at Selma, Ala, and was under 

Col. J. Robins. 



Mrs. Sarah J. Belmar, or' 1 Tenn 
Street, Memphis, Tenn.. wants to get 
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who belonged to Company A, 21st 
Arkansas Infantry, and served from the 
first to 'the last. She is in need of a 
pension. 



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JStSC. BRONZE MEMORIAL AND M . rri l» c 5 sir .., 

Furnished Upon INSCRIPTION TABLETS Newburyport 

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"HEROIC DEEDS Or MASTER MA- 
SONS." — From lsot to ]Si>5, in aiding a 
brother prisoner or Having his life on 
the battlefield; the Instances written by 
ih<: soldier himself, both Federal and 
Confederate. Written that they l>e not 
forever lost when the brave men who 
performed the <]<■,-. n are of the past. No 
other work like this tins been written. 
Single copy, $-; by the dozen or one- 
fourth dozen, $1.50 each. Address J. 
Jewell, Central Block, Pueblo, Colo. 



Joseph B. Setli, of Easton, Md., 
wishes to know where he can procure 
a copy of the poem entitled "Bcechen- 
brook," hy Mrs. Preston. Doubtless 
some of the Veteran's readers have the 
collection of her poems and can furnish 
-Mr. Seth a copy. 



Qoi)federat^ l/eterar?. 



KESSXt— t ♦ ♦> 



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♦1 












I 



Special Clearance of Books 



TO CLEAR OUT OLD STOCK THE VETERAN OFFERS THE FOL- 
LOWING AT LESS THAN ORIGINAL PRICES, POSTPAID 

JOHNSTON'S NARRATIVE 

If I ien. Joseph E. Johnston had been as noted for "retreating forward" as for 
making the retrograde movement, he might not have felt impelled to tell us how 
and why he did it. At any rate, he was a master tactician, and his "Narrative" 
of military campaigns in the Confederate army adds much to that history. This 
book is now out of print, and the Veteran has only a small stock of it. Two 
styles of binding are offered : Sheep at $2.75 and half leather at $3.25. Less than 
half the original prices. Order promptly. 

TWO YEARS ON THE ALABAMA 

Next to Admiral Semmes's fascinating story of "Service Afloat," which is now 
out of print, is this account of service with that great commander and his won- 
derful ship by Lieut. Arthur Sinclair. Handsomely illustrated. This book for- 
merly sold at $3; now offered at $1.50. Stock limited. 

CAMP CHASE 

Have you read the story of how this neglected prison cemetery was trans- 
formed into a place of beauty? Capt. William H. Knauss, a Federal veteran of 
Columbus, Ohio, has given in detail a history of this place as prison and ceme- 
tery, how the work of reclamation was started and carried through to success, 
and with what pride they dedicated the handsome monument, which was con- 
tributed to by friends of both sides. Just a few copies of this book are in our 
stock and will be disposed of at $1.20. 

MEN IN GR c Dl v Y Cook Dec 19 

Dr. Robert L. Cave's masterpieces of oratory can still be supplied at $1. Last 
of the edition now offered. 

THESE PRICES GOOD FOR THE MONTH OF FEBRUARY 



ORDER PROMPTLY FROM 

The Confederate Veteran, Nashville, Tenn. 



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(SONNET WRITTEN TN 1864. AUTHOR UNKNOWN) 

What right to freedom when we are not free; 
When all the passions goad us into lust; 
When lor the worthless spoil we lick the dust; 
And while one-half the people die that we 
May sit with peace and freedom 'neath our tree, 
The other gloats for plunder and for spoil, 
Bustles through daylight, vexes night with toil, 
Cheats, swindles, .lies, and steals? Shall such things be 
Endowed with such grand boons as Liberty 
Brings in her train of blessings? Should we pray 
That such as these should still maintain the sway — 
These soulless, senseless, heartless enemies 
Of all that's good and great, of all that's wise, 
Worthy on earth or in the Eternal Eyes? 



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102 



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Folio of Southern Melodies I! 



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"I Am Going Back to Old Kentucky" 

"The Courier Boy's Dream" 

"Passing Down the Line" 

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PROFITS SHARED WITH THE U. D. C. 

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homes of all lovers of melody — mother, sweetheart, and country 

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LEADING ARTICLES IN THIS NUMBER. Page . 

Freedom— A Sonnet of 1864 Frontispiece. 

Unveiling of Shiloh Monument I0 3 

Reunion Committee I0 3 

Peace. ( Poem. ) By Edwin Markham I0 4 

Jefferson Davis Memorial I0 4 

Col. William H. Knauss. A tribute by Gen. Bennett H. Young 105 

The Monument at Winchester, Va 106 

A Case of Field Surgery. By Dr. L. A. Wailes 107 

Confusion in History. By Joab Edwards T °8 

Troops Demoralized at Fisher's Hill. By I. G. Bradwell 109 

The Evacuation of Richmond. From the diary of Mrs. Amelia Gorgas no 

Stonewall. ( Poem. ) Il2 

Torpedo Service'in Charleston Harbor. By Lieut. W. T. Glassel 113 

The Red River Campaign. By W. T. Shaw 116 

Why the South Lost. By 0. W. Blacknall "8 

Battle of Hatcher's Run. By Maj. Randolph Barton no. 

In the Year 1861. Compiled by John C. Stiles 120 

Return of Flag to the 78th Ohio 131 

Accommodating Politics. By Capt. R. T. Bean 136 

Departments: U. D. C I22 

C. S. M. A ■ • 127 

S. C. V 128 

Last Roll 132 



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SECRETARIES WANTED 

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"The Mildred Rutherford Historical Circle" 

Must be energetic and over 25 years old. 
Excellent opening. Apply to 

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1824 Jefferson Bank Building 
Birmingham, Ala. 



L. E. Lastinger, of Adel, Ga., is try- 
ing to get a pension for the widow of 
Daniel K. McPhaul, of Company K, 
12th Louisiana Infantry, and any infor- 
mation of his service will be gladly re- 
ceived. . I 

Mrs. Alice D. Andrews, 42 West 
North Avenue, Atlanta, Ga., wants the 
address of J. M. McElroy, a Confed- 
erate veteran of Texas, or some member 
of his family. She wants to complete 
the family record. 



William H. B. Wiseman enlisted in 
Company H, 53d Virginia Infantry, the 
last year of the war at Middlebrook, 
Augusta County, Va. He bears the 
scar of a wound received at Hatcher's 
Run. He is too feeble to work and is 
trying to secure a pension. He would 
like to hear from some comrade who 
could testify to his record. Address him 
at Staunton, Va., care Mrs. J. F. F. 
Cassell. 



Qopfederat^ l/eterap. 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY IN THE INTEREST OF CONFEDERATE ASSOCIATIONS AND KINDRED TOPICS. 



Entered at the post office at Nashville, Tenn., as second-cbiss matter. / 

Date given to subscription is the month of expiration. Ml 

All remittances should be made to the Confederate Vetkkan, -^ * 

and all communications so addressed. 
Published by the Confederate Veteran Company, Nashville, Tenn, 




OFFICIALLT REPRESENTS; 
United Con-federate Veterans, 

United Daughters of the Confederacy, 

Sons of Veterans and Other Organizations, 

Confederated Southern Memorial Association. 



Though men deserve, thev mnv not win, success; 

The brave will honor the brave, vanquished none the less. 



Price, $1.00 per Year. I 
Single Copy, 10 Cents. \ 



Vol. XXV. 



NASHVILLE, TENN., MARCH, 1917. 



No. 3. 



j S. A. Cl'NNINGHAM, 

I Founder. 



DOCTOR M. KENNEL 

A GALLANT CONFEDERATE SOLDIER 

WHO BEQUEATHED HIS PROPERTY TO 

THE CONFEDERATE SOLDIERS HOME 



THIS TABLET 
ERECTED BY THE TRUSTEES OF THE HOME 



In appreciation of the generosity of Dr. Kennedy in behalf 
of his Confederate comrades, the trustees of the Home at 
Jacksonville, Fla., placed this tablet in his honor. This bene- 
faction by Dr. Kennedy seems to have been the first and only 
bequest to a Confederate Soldiers' Home. The bronze tablet 
was made by the Albert Russell & Sons Company, of \'ew- 
buryport, Mass. 

UNVEILING OF SHILOH MONUMENT. 

Mrs. Alexander B. White, Director General of the Shiloh 
Monument Committee, U. D, C, announces that the Confed- 
erate Shiloh monument will be unveiled in Shiloh National 
Military Park, Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., at one o'clock on 
Thursday, May 17. 

All Camps and Chapters of all Confederate organizations 
and the general public are cordialy invited to attend the dedi- 
cation ceremonies. All Federal veterans are invited, espe- 
cially those of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, States that had so 
many soldiers in the battle of Shiloh, and the Governors, with 
staffs, of those States and of all Southern States will be in- 
vited. 

All the railroads and river packet companies will put on 
reduced rates for this important occasion, and thousands will 
attend the eventful dedication. 

Last November the monument was informally dedicated 
with Masonic ceremonies, with two thousand people present. 
For the great occasion of its unveiling many more thousands 
will be in attendance. 



REUNION PLANS. 

Plans for the Reunion in Washington during the week of 
June 4 are progressing rapidly, according to reports from 
the Reunion Committee. Those in charge of Reunion affairs 
are gradually making arrangements for the great gathering. 
and after the inauguration ceremonies the Reunion work will 
begin in earnest. Committees have been appointed and will 
take up the work in the different lines. 

Miss Nannie Randolph Heth, President of the Southern 
Relief Society, has been appointed official hostess for the 
convention. She is a daughter of the late Gen. Harry Heth. 

The Boy Scouts of Washington are preparing to lend their 
assistance during the Reunion, and it is planned to use them 
as information guides on the trains as the crowds begin to 
come into Washington. 

Members of the Publicity Committee have been announced 
bj Winfield Jones. Chairman, who is President of the Fed- 
eration of Veterans. The membership, in addition to the 
chairman and secretaries, is composed of well-known profes- 
sional newspaper men, members of the Congressional Press 
Gallery or connected with Washington papers, who will lend 
their services toward making the Reunion a great success. 
The chairman is one of the best-known and most experienced 
newspaper men and publicity experts in the country. Head- 
quarters for this committee will be in the District National 
Bank Ruilding. 

Officers of committee: Chairman, Winfield Jones; Vice 
Chairmen, Frank B. Lord, Col. C. Fred Cook, C. N. Odell. 
M. H. Mclntyre. Frederick W. Steckman; Secretary, James 
D. Preston; Assistant Secretary, *W. J. Donaldson. 



CUNNINGHAM MEMORIAL FIND. 

Previously reported $3.-250 05 

P. C. Wakefield, White Pine, Tenn 500 

F. M. Farr, Havre de Grace, Md 3 00 

William Easley Chapter. U. D. C, Easley, S. C 5 00 

Mrs. M. M. Force, Selma, Ala. (additional) 50 

North Carolina Division, V. D. C 10 00 

J. Mizell, Fernandina, Fla t 00 

Memorial Association. Manassas, Va 1 00 

] W. Bird, Louisville. Ky I 00 

Ladies' Memorial Association, Augusta. Ga 200 

Total $3,278 55 



IOJ 



^or>federat^ l/eterarj. 



Qorjfederat^ l/eterap. 

S. A. CUNNINGHAM, Founder. 
Office: Methodist Publishing House Building, Nashville, Tenn. 

All who approve the principles of this publication and realize its benefits as 
an organ for Associations throughout the South are requested to commend 
Its p;itronaL r e and to cooperate in extending its circulation. Let each one be 
constantly diligent. 



PEACE. 

What was the first prophetic word that rang 

When down the starry sky the angels sang 

That night they came as envoys of the birth — 

What word but peace, "Peace and good will on earth"? 

And what was the last word the Master said 
That parting night when they broke brother bread, 
That night he knew men would not let him live — 
Ah! what but "Peace I leave" and "Peace I give"? 

And yet behold : near twice a thousand years 
And still the battle wrath, the grief, the tears! 
Let mercy speed the hour when swords shall cease 
And men cry back to God : "There shall be peace !" 

—Edwin Markham. 



TRIBUTE TO MISS KATE MASON ROWLAND. 

In depending upon newspaper notes largely for a report 
of the Dallas convention, U. D. C, a serious oversight oc- 
curred in not including the name of Miss Kate Mason Row- 
land in the list of those to whom tribute was paid at the 
memorial hour of that convention. This was referred to by 
Dr. Henry Shepherd in his short sketch of Miss Rowland in 
the Veteran for February and brings response from Mrs. 
M. E. Merchant, of Chatham, Va., who writes : "On the con- 
trary, a tender, loving tribute was paid Miss Rowland at the 
memorial hour by Miss Nelly C. Preston, President of the 
Virginia Division. Miss Rowland was Honorary President 
of the Virginia Division, in the formation of which she was 
deeply interested. This Division always delighted to honor 
her, and the simple, gentle words with which Miss Preston 
concluded her remarks appeared peculiarly fitting: 'God's 
finger touched her, and she slept.' " 

The President General U. D. C, Mrs. Odenheimer, also 
calls attention to this tribute in her letter published in the 
U. D. C. department this month. 



THE SPIRIT OF OUR WOMEN. 

The Daughters of the Confederacy have been generally 
moved to offer their patriotic services to the President in the 
present critical condition of international affairs. The Mary 
Mildred Sullivan Chapter, of New York City, at its regular 
meeting of February 5 sent the following telegram to Presi- 
dent Wilson : 

"The Mary Mildred Sullivan Chapter, United Daughters 
of the Confederacy, wishes to express its indorsement of 
your action in the present crisis and offers its loyal support 
and service in any manner that in the future may be found 
necessary. Mrs. Livingston Rowe Schuyler, President; 
Mrs. John J. Jordan, Secretary." 



THE JEFFERSON DAVIS MEMORIAL. 

1 lie Jefferson Davis Memorial Fund is being largely added 
to each month. Capt. John H. Leathers, Treasurer, reports 
the receipt of $2,286.80 in the month from January 15 to Feb- 
ruary 15, 1917. The proposed design, an obelisk three hun- 
dred and fifty feet in height, will make this one of the most 
striking memorials ever erected. Send contributions to Cap- 
tain Leathers at Louisville, Ky. 



A KINDLY ACT. 



Col. D. M. Scott, of Selma, Ala., received the following 
letter from a Union soldier of Mount Sterling, Ky., W. C 
Bostwick, who served in Company G, 113th Ohio Volunteer 
Infantry, 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland. His 
kindly act will have the appreciation of every Southerner : 
"A number of years ago a Confederate soldier by the name 
of Frank Chick came to our town, his trade being a saddler 
and harness maker, at which he worked for two years before 
his death. He is buried in the cemetery near this place, in 
which there are one hundred and seventeen Union soldiers, 
all of whom have private monuments or government stones. 
Being an ex-Union soldier, for a number of years I have seen 
that these government headstones are provided. Frank Chick 
was buried beside a Union soldier, and I felt that he should 
have a headstone, which I provided at a cost of ten dollars, 
this being a duplicate of the government stone. The inscrip- 
tion is: 'Frank Chick, a Confederate Soldier.' His grave is 
decorated with flowers and a flag every Decoration Day, as 
are the other soldiers' graves. It may be a satisfaction to his 
friends to know this." 



CONSOLIDATION OF VETERANS AND SONS. 

At a regular meeting of Camp Magruder, No. 105, U. C. V., 
of Galveston, Tex., February 4, 1917, the following resolution 
was unanimously passed : 

"Whereas it has been agitated in the Association that it is 
expedient for the United Confederate Veterans to be consoli- 
dated with the Sons of Confederate Veterans; therefore be it 

"Resolved, That this Camp is most heartily in accord with 
that proposition and that the delegates to the general con- 
vention at the annual Reunion in Washington, D. C, June 5-7, 
1917, be urged to press this matter to a conclusion. 

"Resolved, That, feeling that other Camps are of necessity 
weakened by the natural decrease in the number of members 
through the passing away of many, we need the vitality of 
younger men to keep up the work of our Association, to aid 
us in our deliberations and in our work of attending to the 
sick and indigent Confederate veterans, and to bury our hon- 
ored dead. 

"Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be sent to the 
headquarters of the Texas Association. 

William L. Cameron, Lieutenant Commander; 
R. M. Franklin, Adjutant." 



Reunion Chairman of District of Columbia U. D. C. — 
Col. Robert N. Harper, Chairman U, C. V. Reunion Com- 
mittee, has appointed Mrs. Maud Howell Smith as Chairman 
of the District of Columbia Daughters of the Confederacy. 
Mrs. Smith is President of the District of Columbia Division, 
U. D. C, and is asking the cooperation of all Daughters in 
making this the grandest event in the history of the organi- 
zation. 



Qopfederat^ l/eteraij. 



105 




COI.. WILLIAM 11. KNAUSS 



COL. WILLIAM H. KNAUSS. 

BY GEN. BENNETT H. YOUNG, PAST COMMANDER U. C. V. 

' When a man rises so far above the passions of war as to 
show a chivalrous respect for the graves of his enemy's dead, 
mankind applaud the act. Then human nature triumphs over 
itself. Such victories are beautiful, but all too rare in this 
world in which we live. 

So when the wires told of the death of Col. William H. 
Knauss, a Federal soldier, there were men all over the South- 
land who bowed their heads and mourned at the news of his 
departure. For be- 
fore his going he had 
done something 
which for the past 
thirty years has been 
working like a benev- 
olent leaven, remov- 
ing that bitterness 
and allaying those 
animosities whir h 
were gendered by the 
war between t h e 
North and the South. 
By it he taught the 
people of his own 
section to lay aside 
hate and think more 
generously of those 
who had fought for 
their ideas and ideals. 
By it he touched a 
tender place in the 
Southern heart, sore and tempted to nurse the injury it felt. 
He did this noble thing in the face of opposition, mistrust, 
and ugly criticism; but in the calm persistence and with fear- 
less courage he climbed up where heroes dwell and hold com- 
munion with lofty thoughts and exalted sentiments. 

The war over, the Southern people had to give their first 
attention to getting meat and bread and rebuilding their shat- 
tered homes. They had no means with which to care for their 
dead; the briers and bushes took charge of their si 
places. 

Colonel Knauss's spirit was touched by these signs of neglect, 
and his soldierly sentiments were affected by the desolation 
under which he saw brave men waiting for the resurri 
morning. It was a noble emotion. ITe addressed himself to 
the betterment of such conditions and to the awakening of a 
spirit which would make the graves of Southern soldiers an 
object of affectionate respect and care. While a resident of 
New Jersey he was first affected by the unkempt condition of 
Confederate graves in Virginia and began his exertions to 
have those sleeping places of thousands of brave men who 
own their lives in devotion to their country more neatly 
and respectably cared for. In a brief while he changed his 
residence to Columbus. Ohio, and then gave his attention to 
the graves of those Confederate prisoners who had died in 
Camp Cha^e. This place is four miles west of Columbus, and 
in it lie the bodies of two thousand four hundred and sixty 
derate soldiers. They had perished in bonds, away 
from their kindred, in a foreign land, and were planted in the 
earth by the hands of their foes; whether gently or rudely. 
only the imagination can surmise. 

Colonel Knauss saw how the brambles and bushes and 
weeds and all manner of undergrowth had taken this burial 



ground and made it an unseemly bed for brave men. Those 
who might have loved them were far away ; those who were 
about them had cast them as enemies into the ground. The 
pathos, the tragedy, the utter inappropriateness of treating 
such men as rubbish moved the heart of this Federal officer 
of finer spirit and higher sentiment. As early as 1893 he 
took steps to remedy the shocking condition of this Camp 
Chase cemetery. He employed men to clean off the ground 
and gave it some semblance of decency. 

lime, however, had not then sufficiently softened the feel- 
ings of those about him. They did not see the nobility and 
chivalry of his act. They suspected his loyalty. They 
threatened his expulsion from Federal organizations. They 
I he was like one of the things that were crawling in the 
nighttime among the brambles and the graves. His self- 

'1 osi ' was a difficult one. He must show loyalty to his 

own wl ring humanity to a foe. He did not give way 

under aspersion. He was not -topped by innuendo. His spirit 
was too great to be made little by any harsh criticisms. 11 1 
pursued his course until a better spirit was born in those 
about him. Opposition faded, criticism grew silent, abuse 
hushed, and then applause and help came from his neighbors. 

The enthusiasm spread. The gates were opened to the 
South. ]!<■ ent money and (lowers. Men of the 

North and men of the South, officers in the hederal arnn am 
officers in the Confederate army, met and planted trees and 
scattered flowers and united to adorn and beautify the ceme- 
tery of Camp Chase — the one to pay tribute to patriotism 
and valor though illustrated by a foe; the other to pay a 
tribute of remembrance and affection to those who had of- 
fered themselves for the land of their birth and their love. 

The decoration of these well-nigh forgotten graves of Con- 
federate prisoners sleeping in Northern soil has become an 
event in the calendar of Columbus, and as many as five thou- 
sand men and women have gathered on these memorial days 
to testify to the gallantry of that spirit which brought these 
men. through the vicissitudes of war and the adverse order- 
ings of fate, to lay down their bodies in apparently a God- 
forgotten and man-forsaken inelosure at Camp Chase. 

It was the sentiment, persistence, and courage of Colonel 
Knauss that routed the bushes and reclaimed the place of 
these prisoner dead. He did more than that, more than re- 
claim a graveyard. He put to sepulture, to everlasting burial, 
burial so deep that the hand of resurrection will never reach 
it, much of the sectional bitterness between the North and the 
South. They cannot think hardly of us if they can put a 
flower upon the grave of our dead, and we cannot think hardly 
of them if the tear falls from our eyes as we see the flower 
drop from their hands. 

The Confederate Veteran, which voices the gray spirit that 
never soiled a uniform, that pulses with the poetry and 
chivalry of the Southland, that devoted its noblest sons and 
Fairest daughters to the causi il thought was right, : 
chapter of gratitude and affection upon the grave of Col. Wil- 
liam II. Knauss. If not great and prominent, he showed the 
heart of a nobleman and did the deed which makes humanity 
more Ioval 

nia. Kentucky, Alabama, Texas, Arkansas. Georgia, 
South Carolina, North Carolina Mississippi, Florida, Mary- 
land, Missouri, Louisiana, Tennessee — all the queenly 
of the South — have prisoner sons lying under the sod in the 
cemetery of Camp Chase, and they lift their hats and bow 
their heads and drop their tears and scatter their flowers 
upon the grave of William II. Knauss. 



io6 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 



If the Sons and Daughters of the Confederacy were to 
obtain the privilege of erecting a monument over the grave 
of this Federal colonel, it would be a beautiful tribute to the 
chivalry of the South, to the generosity of the North, to the 
grandeur of those men who fight when they must and yet bow 
their heads when they stand by the grave of one who loved 
truly, fought bravely, and died in charity with all the world. 

But whether the Sons and Daughters of the South can 
place a worthy stone above his grave, may the women of the 
South in the spring, when the flowers bloom and the birds 
are singing, send some token of fragrance and beauty espe- 
cially for the grave of Col. William H. Knauss! 

But whether they express it in stone or wreathe it in beau- 
tiful flowers, the people of the South, who have risen out of 
the ashes of war, will gratefully embalm the name of the 
Northern soldier whose spirit could not be content to see 
brave but unfortunate men sleep beneath the weeds and briers 
as if there were none who cared for these heroic victims of 
patriotic devotion. 



WHO CAPTURED GENERAL PRINCE' 

William Warden Patteson, of Manteo, Va., replies to the 
statement in the Veteran for January by George C. Pile in 
regard to the capture of Gen. Henry Prince at the battle of 
Cedar Run, Va., August 9, 1862 : 

"If Mr. Pile will read my account in the Veteran for 
September, contributed by Dr. Emerson, of Denver, Colo, 
he will see that I do not claim all the honor of the capture 
of General Prince; but I do say that Augustine Patteson, 
another sharpshooter, and I made the capture. I do not 
know the name of this other sharpshooter. 

"Augustine Patteson caught General's Prince's horse by the 
bridle. I was on one side, and the third sharpshooter was on 
the other side of the horse. General Prince's report of his 
capture as given in the Official Records, Series I., Volume 
XII. (Second Part), pages 167-170, says: 'While walking my 
horse in the dense cornfield, where the ground was heavy, my 
bridle was seized, and I perceived that I was in the midst 
of enemies (before otherwise discovering any person to be 
there).' 

"And I quote from a letter of Capt. D. H. Lee Martz, of 
Harrisonburg, Va., dated June 10, 1910, in which he says: 
'Two or three of our men came to me on the field with a 
Federal general. As I was then only a captain, I directed 
the men to take him to General Jackson.' 

"General Prince's statement of itself should be sufficient. 
Neither Augustine Patteson nor myself took General Prince 
back, other soldiers coming up and taking him to the rear." 



RAILROAD BUILT BY CONFEDERATES. 

BY A. D. JONES, WALNUT COVE, N. C. 

Hundreds of Confederate veterans and others who go to 
Washington over the Southern Railway to attend the annual 
Reunion at the national capital June 5-7, will travel over one 
stretch of track about fifty miles in length which was built 
by Confederate soldiers and remains to this day a permanent 
monument to the Confederacy. This historic line of railroad 
is from Greensboro, N. C, to Danville, Va., and now forms 
part of the Southern Railway Company's main line from 
Washington to Atlanta. 

At the beginning of the War between the States there was 



no railroad connecting the old Richmond and Danville line 
with the railway system of North Carolina. Early in the 
game the Confederate authorities saw the necessity of build- 
ing a link of railway to connect the Old Dominion with the 
lines south. Owing to rivalry, North Carolina and Virginia 
each seeking to protect its own interests, this line had not 
been built. 

After overcoming various obstacles, the Confederate gov- 
ernment built the "missing link" of roadway by drafting sol- 
diers to aid in construction work. Necessary rails were pro- 
cured by demolishing railroads of lesser importance. In many 
local traditions the origin of the line is recalled. Tennessee 
Curve is on a stretch of the track, so called because the grad- 
ing at this point was done by a Tennessee regiment. 

The Southern Railway has made numerous improvements, 
including double-tracking, along this line; but it is said that 
few changes in the matter of location as determined by war- 
time engineers have been found necessary. 



THE MONUMENT AT WINCHESTER. VA. 

The realization of a cherished dream was the unveiling of 
the Confederate monument at Winchester, Va., in the month 
of November, 1916. With simple and impressive ceremonies 
the veterans of Winchester and Frederick County dedicated 
the handsome monument on the Public Square, commemorat- 
ing the valor of its people during the War between the 
States. It will be a lasting honor to those who in heroic 
self-sacrifice and devoted loyalty gave their manhood and 
their lives to the South in her hour of need. 

The heroic figure in bronze of a Confederate soldier, fully 
armed and equipped, stands on a base of polished granite in 




Qopfederat^ l/eterap. 



107 



-front of the historic courthouse of Frederick County, said 
to be one of the finest specimens of colonial architecture in 
the South. The simple .beauty of the monument makes a 
most agreeable impression. The young soldier is represented 
as in the act of leaving for the front. The figure is well pro- 
portioned and typifies all those ideals for which the South 
made such a valiant and heroic fight. 

The principal address of the occasion was made by Hon. 
Harry St. George Tucker, of Lexington, Va., a noted con- 
stitutional lawyer and former member of Congress. The veil 
was drawn by two grandsons of Confederate veterans, young 
Billy McGuire, son of Dr. W. P. McGuire and grandson of 
Dr. Hunter McGuire, and John Eddy, grandson of Capt. 
George W. Kurtz. Commander of the Gen. Turner Ashby 
Camp, C. V., of Winchester, Just as the veil fell the band 
played "Dixie" amid tremendous applause. Confederate vet- 
erans, among whom were many from the Shenandoah Valley 
sections, Daughters and Sous of the Confederacy, and their 
friends largely made up (lie great crowd in attendance; there 
were also students from the High School. Fori London Semi- 
nary, and a corps of cadets from the Shenandoah Valley 
Academy. 

After the unveiling ihe program was concluded at the < it) 
Hall Auditorium with music and readings, a poem written 
specially for this occasion by Miss Kate McVicar being read 
hy the lion. R. Gray Williams. 

It is fitting that Winchester and Frederick County should 
erect a worthy memorial to the soldiers who fought for the 
BOUth, Many historic associations cling to that old city, 
about which the tide of war ebbed and (lowed in the sixties. 
and its people have honored themselves in honoring their 
peroes. Much credit is due to Messrs. Janus B. Russell and 
Thomas K. Cartmell and Miss Lucy W. Russell, treasurer of 
the monument fund, who were ablj assisted by Dr. W. P. 
McGuire. Capl George W. Kurtz, and Hon Robert T, Bar 
ton. forming the Monument Commission. The work was 
executed by Frederick C. Hibbard, of Chicago, who is now 
Completing the monument that will soon he dedicated on the 
Shiloh battle field. 



A CASE OF FIELD SURGERY 

BY DR. t.. A. WAII.ES, (JEW ORLEANS, 1 V 

In view of the present-day advancement in medical and 
surgical science and the magnificent equipment in hospital and 
field requirements, which scarcely overlooks or leaves unpro- 
vided for any emergency or contingency that can happen, com 
pared to the crude, deficient, unsanitary unpreparedness and 
inefficiency of those dark days -well, nothing adequate to the 
conditions can he said; there can be no comparison. In illus- 
tration a detailed account of an actual case of field surgerj 
may not he without interest, at least to any of the old rem- 
nants of the medical corps of the Provisional Army of the 
Confederate States wdio may be readers of the VETERAN. 

I will premise by the reminder of fact that in the hurried 
Organization of companies, in the general ignorance of army 
regulations, every company supposed it was requisite for 
every separate command to have its individual surgeon, who 
was elected or appointed with the other line officers. So far 
as I know, there was no such organization as a medical ex- 
amining board available; and it was not until after having 
served in Ihe ranks two years, doing at the same time duty 



as medical officer, that I, by order of my colonel, was sent 
before the army medical board then convened for the first 
time in the Trans-Mississippi Department. At the organiza- 
tion of my company I was one of three doctors enlisted in 
the ranks and not the one elected, or rather selected, by 
previous understanding with a wealthy and influential rela- 
tive who was a large contributor to the equipment of the 
company. After the regimental organization, I can now re- 
call the names of at least six doctors like myself who were 
privates in the ranks and, though not excused from routine 
camp and guard duty, often bore the drudgery of the service 
by special detail, to the relief of the officer who wore the 
insignia of surgeon. 

On one occasion (this in the Army of Tennessee before our 
transfer to the Trans-Mississippi Department), when we were 
Facing the enemj and doing heavy picket duty, I was one of 
an unusually large detail on advance picket. We were for- 
tunate enough to have at our command for bivouac a de- 
serted, dilapidated shack, where we had at least the relic of 
a chimney and the comfort of a fire. At guard mount the 
relieved picket, coming in cold, tired, and sleepy, made a rush 
for (he fire, around which they squatted. One coming in late. 
by the awkward handling of his gun struck (he hammer, tin- 
discharge taking effect in the shoulder of one of his comrades 
at the lire, entering from behind the humerus, just helow the 
capsular ligament comminuting the bone, literally tearing off 
the entire deltoid and severing the humeral artery, entailing, 
of course, a fearful hemorrhage. Fortunately, there was help 
in the shape of nervy men to handle him and medical aid, 
such as it was, at hand. Our equipment to meet the emergen- 
cy consisted of a defective, much worn pocket case, the rem- 
nant of two years' service— a nun remnant: two or three 
scalpels, a tenaculum, forceps, and a digital saw, all much 
worn, dulled, and rusted. Of course the lust requisite was to 
control the hemorrhage, a very simple matter, as the exten- 
sive laceration of all soft muscular tissue fully exposed the 
artery. Ihe hone was completely comminuted, but leaving a 
large spiculum of probably one-fourth the circumference < t 
the humerus, tapering to a point too long to he covered by 
fleshy tissue. In fact, there was not enough tissue left to 
half cover the wound. It was imperative that tin bone he cut 
off, and here began our difficulties. No bone plyers, of course. 
Our only recourse was the digital saw. a frail, delicate affair 
at best, and that snapped in two before the hone was one- 
fourth severed. In the extremity one of my assistants drew 
from his pocket what was known as a "pocket tool chest" — in 
other words, a heavy clasp knife having, among other con- 
trivances, a saw Made. It was reeking with filth — tobacco, the 
sweat of his body, particles of food and grease, for it was 
his table knife also— a veritable cesspool (if the word is 
admissible) of microbic infection. "Sterilize," you say. Ad- 
mitted, but easier said than done. While we had a lire, and 
water was available, we had no possible means of heating 
the water and thus having even that primitive means of ster- 
1I1 ation. So after as good a washing as ice-cold water could 
effect, the operation was resumed and prosecuted to the end. 

The operation could not be claimed as "a brilliant success"; 
but in spite of the butchery, the lack of antiseptics, anaesthet- 
ics, and all manner of dressing except the crude bandages we 
made from the dirty shirt he wore— no, he didn't die, but 
survived, ultimately got home, and, to my knowledge, was 
still living years after the war! 



io8 



Qopfederat^ l/eterarj, 



CONFUSION JN HISTORY. 

BY JOAB EDWARDS, LEESVILLE, S. C. 

The titles given by writers to the war of 1861-65 are alto- 
gether confusing. Is there no way by which this confusion 
can be set to rest? It is the province of history to remove all 
rubbish and let the bare facts in every case stand out, no 
matter who is to be touched by them. It is called the war 
of secession, the war of the rebellion, the war between the 
States, the war between the sections, the civil war, the war 
against slavery, the rich man's war, the poor man's fight, 
etc. Now, all of these cannot be true; it is possible that 
none of them is true. How, then, are we to arrive at the 
proper title? Fifty-odd years seems quite long enough for 
it to be wandering around with a half dozen naYnes or more. 
Are there no facts to guide the historian back to the origin of 
this war? He should, it seems to me, be just as able and as 
willing to give us the right title to it as he is to lead us 
along the line of its progress. It is not the historian who is 
to make the facts which determine the name, but it is his 
business to select from the facts the fact which above all 
others determines what the title shall be. He should not 
shrink from this plain duty on account of any personal or 
political preference or feeling. To do this would disqualify 
him for the accredited position of historian. 

Great as is the need for this, and abundant as have been 
the opportunities for settling this title, I do not know of a 
single historian who has set about to fix the right title. It 
may be that, owing to the character of the facts, a general 
looseness as to title has been thought to be best. In that way 
the most unwelcome facts can be easily obscured. But is 
this a fair way to treat an important matter? I should say 
not ! Forasmuch, then, as more than fifty years have passed 
and the war of 1861-65 has been under the cover of more 
than half a dozen loose titles, I venture to throw aside these 
loose titles and give it the title which the facts of history will 
maintain. These facts are abundant and are within reach of 
students of history. Here it is: The War of the Abolition 
Party against the Principles of the Constitution of the United 
States. If the facts do not sustain this title, then I ask, What 
do they show? 

The first gun was fired by John Brown at Harper's Ferry 
and not by Beauregard at Fort Sumter. James Gordon Ben- 
nett asserted boldly in 1861 in the New York Herald that the 
principles of the Constitution of the United States were right- 
ly interpreted by the Confederate States. When Jefferson 
Davis was brought before Chief Justice Chase, no charge of 
treason was sustained. In the fall of i860 the legislative and 
the executive departments of the United States passed into 
the hands of the Republican party, and that which had for 
years been planned was put into operation. Obstructions had 
been thrown in the way of these principles for nearly half a 
century, but now the way was clear for open hostilities against 
them. Abraham Lincoln fought them with all the energy of 
his soul ; U. S. Grant gnawed at them like a consuming can- 
cer; W. T. Sherman with his torch tried to consume them; 
but to-day they are alive and vigorous. They are alive to-day 
because Jefferson Davis lived, because a Confederate host 
lived, and last, but not least, because the judicial department 
of the United States government stood firmly by them in it 
all. It was doubtless for this that Mr. Gladstone said: "Jef- 
ferson Davis has created a nation." 

After the death of Mr. Lincoln, the war being closed, the 
conduct of the Republican party toward the principles of the 



Constitution and common rights was such as to drive Presi- 
dent Johnson out of that party. They wanted to be self- 
appointed guardians for the rights and property of the peo- 
ple of the South, using as a pretext therefor that there was 
"no legal government or adequate protection for life or 
property * * * in Virginia, North Carolina, South Caro- 
lina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Florida, Texas, 
and Arkansas." (See Acts of Congress, March 2, 23, and 
July 19, 1867.) The forming of the five military districts out 
of this territory was foreign to the Constitution. The spirit 
of madness had to succumb ; and when the Republican party 
had to break its military grip on the South and return to 
constitutional methods of procedure, it was doubtless wiser, 
if not better. Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe lived long enough 
to discover that the act she regretted most was the publica- 
tion of "Uncle Tom's Cabin." If President Lincoln had lived 
long enough, he might have discovered that the misuse of the 
power of the President's office was the act he regretted mosl 
If the Republican party lives long enough, it may discover 
that its war against the Constitution and its effort to de- 
throne the intelligence of the Anglo-Saxons of the sunny 
South are what it regrets most. When it does this, the South 
may break its solid ranks and take its erring brother into 
closer confidence. 

I could heartily wish that these facts did not stand at the 
' mileposts of our country's march ; but while lamenting that 
they are facts, there is some comfort in the thought that they 
lay the responsibility of the war of 1861-65 at the feet of the 
Republican party. It failed to override the Supreme Court 
of the United States; it failed to impeach President Johnson; 
it failed to demolish Anglo-Saxon rule. It controlled Abra- 
ham Lincoln ; it controlled Congress ; it controlled the United 
States army and navy; it crushed the Confederate army, but 
the principles for which that army stood are living to-day. 
and "Dixie" has more inspiration than ever before, while no 
one gathers any inspiration from "The Spirit of John Brown 
Goes Marching On." The acts of Congress in June, 1866. 
in relation to the payment for property other than slaves, 
marked "etc.," is a reflection on good morals and an insult 
to justice; and all of these things combine to show that his- 
tory must ultimately say that the war of 1861-65 was a "war 
of the Republican party against the principles of the Consti- 
tution of the United States" or keep the facts in the back- 
ground. It is impossible to estimate the cost of that party 
to the United States government. 

There was one incident in the life of Judge Underwood 
which doubtless influenced his action in the trial of Jeffer- 
son Davis. It was his arrest by order of Mr. Davis. Capt. 
T. H. Clark, of Company I, 2d South Carolina Cavalry, made 
the arrest ; he found the Judge hidden away in a wardrobe. 
This no doubt so humiliated his honor that he wanted some 
revenge on Mr. Davis. He, like the Republican party at the 
time, was so blinded by personal feeling against Mr. Davis 
that he lost sight of constitutional principle and was ready to 
seek personal revenge. 



We live in dreams as well as deeds, in thoughts as well as 
acts, • 
And life through things we feel, not know, is realized the 
most; 
The conquered are the conquerors, despite the face of facts, 
If they still feel their cause was just who fought for it 
and lost. — Madison Julius Caivcin. 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai?. 



109 



TROOPS DEMORALIZED AT FISHER'S HILL. 

BY I. G. BRADWELL, BRANTLEY, ALA. 

After the great battle of Winchester, Va., September 19. 
1864, General Early collected his forces on Fisher's Hill, 
south of Strasburg, and deployed them in breastworks ex- 
tending entirely across the valley, from the main pike road 
and Massanutten Mountain, on the east, to North Mountain, 
on the west. The position on the eastern end of the line was 
an admirable location for defense, but that on the west of- 
fered every opportunity to the enemy to move down the west 
side of North Mountain, cross over, and attack on the flank 
and rear. Stonewall Jackson was too shrewd a military man 
to fight at this place when hard pressed by his numerous 
enemies in the spring of 1862. 

I suppose, after counting out the losses at Winchester, wr 
had nine or ten thousand men, while Sheridan had about 
thirty-seven thousand, or about four to our one. He divided 
his army and sent a large part of it up (down) the west side 
of North Mountain, while he leisurely took position in our 
front to wait until the result of the flanking movement should 
develop. These crossed the mountain and fell on our flank 
and rear; and our brave troops holding that part of the line, 
though they fought well, were obliged to give way and fall 
back toward the main pike or be captured. At this time Sheri- 
dan advanced his main force against our entire line. The 
troops holding the center could have repulsed the attack from 
the front easily ; but they saw the enemy coming up in the 
rear, and their resistance was feeble. All withdrew from the 
works and fell back in disorder to reach the pike leading 
south, as that was now their only means of escape. 

Our brigade (John B. Gordon's) held the extreme right 
and my regiment (31st Georgia) the right of the brigade, 
with the pike just a little to the right and rear. We held the 
enemy in check for a time and could have held the place 
against ten times our numbers; but the regiments on the left 
from our higher position, seeing the critical condition of things, 
began to give ground also and to fall back to the pike. Finally 
our regiment reluctantly abandoned the works when we saw 
that there was no use in trying to hold them longer, and every 
man sought safety for himself. Most of them in the very 
face of the enemy took to the pike, while others fled across it 
to open the fields beyond. 

When I reached the pike the blood from a wound over my 
eye, inflicted by one of my comrades in the scuffle at the 
breastworks, was blinding me considerably ; but I saw the 
brave and noble Col. E. M. Atkinson, of the 26th Georgia, one 
of our best regiments, holding on to a piece of artillery and 
begging every man that passed to stop and help him get it 
away. Not a man paid any attention whatever to him. but 
kept straight on. If any one had done so, he would have been 
as big a fool as I was ; for I, a boy, was simple enough to 
stop in the most imminent danger to do what I knew was 
utterly impossible, because I was ordered to do so. This 
brave but unwise officer held on to the spokes of the right 
wheel and surged, while I worked at the other. I stayed 
with him in the storm of bullets discharged at us by the enemy 
at close range in this inane labor until they were only a few 
feet away, when I came to realize that if Colonel Atkinson 
was too brave to run it was no reason why I should stay there 
tugging at that old piece of artillery and be taken by the 
Yankees to die in prison. This resolution, formed at the last 
moment. I broke and left him there holding on to the wheel 
of that cannon, when everybody had fled, until the Yankees 
3* 



came up and took him and carried him to prison, where he 
remained until the war ended. 

According to my observation, some of our men were much 
braver than they were discreet. I have often since wondered 
why a man of Colonel Atkinson's cool judgment and stand- 
ing, a man who had commanded our brigade on many occa- 
sions, would under the circumstances try to save a piece of 
artillery abandoned by the men of a battery when they saw 
no possibility of saving it. 

"He that fights and runs away 
Will live to fight another day." 

And so it was in this case; for while he was starving and 
shivering in a cold Northern prison, I was helping our com- 
rades to keep up the contest to the last. 

When I got about two hundred yards away, the higher 
ground behind protected me from the Minie balls passing 
over. Stopping here to rest and looking back, I saw one of 
our regiment, a brave soldier and an honorable citizen at 
home, coming toward me in -full flight. He had fought till 
the last minute, but when he turned his back on the enemy 
he had become completely demoralized. He had thrown away 
his gun and all his equipment and was unbuttoning his coat, 
I suppose, to cast it aside also. His wild eyes glared at me 
when I called to him to stop and told him we were now com- 
paratively safe. He paid no heed to what I said, but con- 
tinued to flee like a runaway horse maddened by fright. I 
have never seen nor heard of this man since. After leaving 
this place the rising ground exposed me to the bullets, but I 
and all with me escaped unharmed. 

Night now came on, and I found myself with two comrades 
from my own State (Georgia), but of a different command. 
I made a proposition to them that we stay together whatever 
our fate might be. One of them was older than myself, while 
the other was a sixteen-year-old boy. They agreed to the 
proposition, and we held a consultation to decide how we 
should escape and rejoin our commands, now completely 
routed. After falling back from the pike, we had made our 
way somewhat parallel to that highway. I proposed to them 
that we make one more effort to escape south by that way 
before we took to the mountain dividing the Shenandoah 
Valley from the Luray Valley. This they agreed to, and we 
set out across the open field until we reached the road, where 
we concealed ourselves among the bushes. Here we remained 
for some time. We found a great mass of men passing south 
only a few feet from us and could tell by their foreign dialect 
that they were Yankees. 

There was nothing now for us to do but to retrace our steps 
and cross the Massanutten Mountain into the Luray Valley. 
Climbing its rocky side in the darkness, we at last reached the 
top after much of the night had passed, and in this lonely 
place we stopped and listened for some sound that would lead 
us to man's habitation. Far down in the valley we heard the 
barking of a dog that brought joy to our hearts. We started 
in that direction in the darkness of the night down the rocky 
mountain side, guided only by the continual noise made by 
the dog; and just as the first signs of day made their appear- 
ance we reached a public road and a comfortable farmhouse. 
We hailed, and a window upstairs opened. A young lady put 
her head out and inquired what we wanted. She reproved us 
for our defeat and deplored the hopelessness of our cause, but 
told us to follow the road until we reached the mill, where 
we would find a bateau concealed, in which we could cross the 
river, and we would be safe from the enemy as soon as we 
were across. 



no 



(^opfederat^ Veterai). 



That day I fell in with two comrades of my company and 
perhaps a thousand stragglers from various commands. We 
made our way leisurely through this lovely little valley, as- 
sured by the good people we met that the enemy would not 
molest us, for many of our men were now wounded. They 
told us that they had been molested by them but once since 
the war started and that they had had such a rough re- 
ception by the bushwhackers that they had never come back 
again. That evening we arrived at the south end of the val- 
ley and bivouacked. The next day our path led us up the 
side of the Blue Ridge to the top and along the crest to a 
gap (Snicker's? I, where there was an inn. Here we stopped 
and rested, while a woman washed the blood off my face and 
dressed my wound. 

We now started down by the fine graded road into the val- 
ley once more to seek our comrades. As we proceeded, look- 
ing to the west, we could see a little handful of brave souls on 
the main pike still offering resistance, while the well-organized 
forces of the enemy were making every effort to destroy the 
last one of them. O how my heart bled for them, and how I 
wished that I could render them some assistance ! When the 
artillery and infantry in front and the cavalry on the flanks 
drove them from one position, they ran back and threw up 
some kind of protection with rails or anything movable and 
fought behind this until it was untenable. And so they had 
been contending with the victorious enemy ever since I was 
separated from my command and so continued until they left 
the main pike and turned toward Brown's Gap. The pursuit 
now ended, and the broken regiments of the army assembled 
and reorganized at that place. 

When we reached the foot of the mountain my comrades 
kindled a fire, and I went to a house near by to get some 
milk. We had made a hasty hoecake and put it in a frying 
pan on the fire, when a cavalryman came trotting by and 
said : "Hurry up, boys ! The Yankees are right behind and 
coming on." We snatched up our dough and struck out after 
the cavalryman for the mountain road. This led along the 
foot of the Blue Ridge on the east side of the valley and of- 
fered every facility for escape, if necessary. Some of my com- 
rades decided to take to the mountain rather than to flee be- 
fore the enemy, but I had had enough of the mountains and 
kept the road. Looking back, I could see them climbing up 
the mountain side, and I wondered what would be their ex- 
perience. After a month or so they all returned to us, and 
I asked them how they fared. "O," they said, "finely. The 
Yankees soon found by the smoke from our fires that we were 
up there and kept a patrol of cavalry pickets down in the 
valley on guard, riding to and fro all the time ; but they did 
not know how many there were of us up there and how well 
we were armed. If they had tried to take us, we could have- 
killed all of them coming up the steep mountain by shooting 
them and rolling rocks down on them. They knew this and 
didn't try it. At night we made a detail to go down the 
mountain and run the blockade of pickets and get bread, milk, 
and apples from the people in the valley, who were always 
our friends. We lived like lords the whole time in full view 
of the Yankees every day. The Yankees finally withdrew 
their pickets, and we returned to our commands." 

While our army was broken up and routed by the misman- 
agement and lack of foresight of brave old Tube Early, our 
loss in killed, wounded, and missing was very small, and in 
less than a month we were ready once more to renew the 
campaign. This we did at Cedar Creek under the able plan- 
ning and execution of Gen. John B. Gordon, routing the Yan- 



kee army and capturing everything it had and winning the 
most complete victory of the whole war, but, again by the 
bad management of General Early, lost it all. It seems that 
it was not in the plan of Divine Providence for us to win, but 
only to punish and harass our enemies as much as possible. 



THE EVACUATION OF RICHMOND. 

Personal Recollections of Mrs. Amelia Gorcas as 
Recorded in Her Diary. 

Sunday. April 2, 1865, opened bright and beautiful, false 
harbinger of the gloom that enveloped the devoted city be- 
fore the meridian hour. I attended St. Paul's Church, as 
usual, sitting with Judge John A. Campbell, as our pew was 
filled with strangers. Soon after Mr. Minnegerode began 
his sermon a messenger swiftly and silently passed up the 
aisle and whispered to General Cooper and other officers of 
the War Department news which took them immediately from 
the church. The sermon proceeded, and all was quiet until 
the messenger returned and, going directly to the President's 
pew, gave the same whispered message. Mr. Davis arose, 
pale but composed, and with great dignity passed out of the 
church. In a moment it was known that Lee's lines in front 
of Petersburg had been assaulted and broken by the enemy 
and could not be reestablished, and that Richmond must be 
evacuated by eight o'clock that night. 

All was confusion and despair, for every wife knew that 
she must be separated from her husband and left to the mercy 
of a victorious army. The women were brave and aided to 
the best of their ability the departure of the men. I hastened 
to our quarters at the armory and found preparations already 
begun to move the public property. My husband was too 
much engrossed with his duties to assist me except to urge 
that I would leave the armory before the enemy entered the 
city, as he knew the large buildings would be used as barracks 
for the Federal soldiers. At midnight a messenger announced 
that the ordnance train was ready, and we parted not to meet 
again for many long and anxious months. That train was the 
last to pass over the bridge, which was burned in an hour. 
Some men too old and infirm for military service and whom 
we had befriended assisted me in removing a few necessary 
things to my sister's house, to which asylum my young chil- 
dren had already been taken. My oldest child, a boy of ten 
years, remained at my side working all night. Two faithful 
negro servants made Herculean efforts to leave nothing for 
the Yankees, and in their panic they deposited on the top of 
Gamble Hill a sewing machine, a mirror, and a stand of 
shovel, poker, and tongs. The latter are still preserved and 
used in my sitting room. Just as the day was breaking a 
sentinel rushed in and announced that the Yankees were com- 
ing over Church Hill and begged me to leave at once, as I 
could not save the furniture, carpets, etc. Much exhausted 
by the night's work, my young son and I slowly made our 
way to Mrs. Bayne's house through bursting shells and the 
lurid glare of many buildings on fire. 

Then began wild scenes of confusion on the streets. Liquor 
from the medical stores emptied in the gutters offered temp- 
tation to those who wanted to forget their fate. The con- 
tents of the commissary stores were fought for by poor 
wretches long strangers to food and clothing. As the sun 
rose long lines of the conquering army passed down our street. 
The brilliant uniforms of the officers and men and the sleek, 
prancing horses formed a painful contrast to our ragged and 
shoeless braves and their half-starved animals. We peered 



. 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 



in 



at the enemy through closed shutters, even the children 
shrinking from the gaze of the terrible Yankees. My sister, 
Mrs. Bayne, and our friend Mrs. James Alfred Jones were 
sitting together on a sofa in the sitting room when the frag- 
ment of a shell crashed through the window and passed within 
a few inches of their heads. My son Willie assisted me to 
spread wet blankets over the flat roof of the house to protect 
us from the debris of the fires, which at that hour filled the 
air to suffocation. In the afternoon Willie rushed in and gave 
the alarm that Yankee soldiers were robbing our neighbor, 
Mrs. Freeland, of her silver plate and were coming next to 
our house. In hot haste my sister's cook plunged her silver 
into a barrel of soft soap. My nurse and I threw the con- 
tents of my chest upon the top of an old-fashioned shower 
bath, the numerous pipes effectually concealing the silver. The 
marauders were arrested before reaching our house ; but my 
silver bears honorable scars and dents of that dreadful evacua- 
tion day. 

As night came on crowds of soldiers and negroes filled the 
streets, and our fears increased, as we had no male protector 
for the three women and nine children who composed our 
family. Learning that no guard would be granted unless by 
personal application, my friend Mrs. Jones and I, with cour- 
age born of despair, determined to go to the headquarters of 
the general commanding, General Ord, and present a little 
note my husband had addressed to the General, asking his 
protection for his helpless family. General Ord was a class- 
mate of my husband at West Point. Dressed in deep mourn- 
ing, we drew our crape veils and with timid steps threaded 
our way through smoking ruins and masses of flaunting negro 
women and Yankee soldiers to the City Hall. The crowd 
around the entrance was so dense that we could not have 
reached the provost's office but for the assistance of Dr. 
Nichols, who had a way opened for us. Trembling, we ap- 
proached the man of authority, who proved not to be General 
Ord, and presented our note. He scanned us closely and po- 
litely and, catching a glimpse of the pale and beautiful face of 
my friend, invited us with some solicitude to be seated. In a 
few minutes, in response to instructions given to bis orderly, a 
tall Frussian soldier presented himself and was ordered to fol- 
low the two ladies to their home and protect them from moles 
tation and intrusion. Our neighbors, seeing us followed by an 
armed soldier, concluded that we were under arrest and sent 
messages of sympathy and encouragement. The guard was 
faithful and attentive, and during the week he was on duty he 
made warm friends of our children and promised next time he 
would be "a nice Confederate and not a bad Yankee," for 
which concession the little Rebels embraced him. 

After our little ones were asleep we three tired, heart- 
broken women sat bewailing the terrible misfortune that had 
befallen our beloved city. We tried to comfort ourselves by 
saying in low tones (for we feared spies even in our servants) 
that the capital was only moved temporaily to Danville, that 
General Lee would make a stand and repulse the daring 
enemy, and that we should yet win the battle and the day. 
Alas! alas for our hopes! 



"Amelia Gayle Gorgas, 

1S26-1913. 

Daughter of John Gayle, Governor of Alabama. 

Wife of Josiah Gorgas, Brigadier General C. S. A. 

Mother of William Crawford Gorgas, Surgeon General U. S. A. 

Untiring \urse in Confederate Hospital, 1861-65. 

First Historian Alabama Division, U. D. C, 1897-99. 

Matron of University Hospital, 1879-1907. 

Librarian University of Alabama 1883- 1907. 

"In commemoration of this noble record and of her exalted 
personal character, this memorial tribute is erected by the 
Alabama Division, United Daughters of the Confederacy. 

Greatly beloved and rarely gifted. 
Her life was an inspiration." 



In the VETERAN for April, 1913, page 180, appeared a sketch 
of Mrs. Gorgas, whose beautiful life extended into the eighty- 
seventh year without bringing old age. A picture of her is 
also given with her son. Dr. William C. Gorgas. whose splen- 
did work in Panama brought him the gratitude of a nation. 
In May, 1916, the Alabama Division, U. D. C, presented to 
the University of Alabama a memorial tablet inscribed: 



A CHir.-lLROUS SOLDIER. 

War must always be terrible, but it need not be unrelieved 
by shining examples of chivalry and consideration for others 
as well as by the display of courage and self-sacrifice that 
are inseparable from it. Our own War between the States 
was full of such amenities between the warring soldiers. 
One of the most charming courtesies was shown by Gen. 
lrvin McDowell, who commanded the Federal troops at Bull 
Run, to the wife of Gen. Robert E. Lee. 

On May 24, 1861, a column of Federal troops from Wash- 
ington took possession of Arlington Heights and Alexandria. 
The family of General Lee left the beautiful Arlington man- 
sion as the troops approached. Subsequently the Federal 
commander, Gen. C. W. Sanford, was relieved by General 
McDowell, and it was into the latter's hands that a letter 
from Mrs. Lee addressed to the commander at Arlington fell. 

General McDowell's reply is as follows : 

"HEADQl IRTERS DePARTMENI or NORTHEASTERN VIRGINIA, 

Arlington, May 30, 1861. 

"Mrs. A' I I <v- Madam: Having been ordered by the gov- 
ernment to relieve Major General Sanford in command of this 
department. I bail the honor to receive this morning your let- 
ter of to-day addressed to me ;il this place. I am here tem- 
porarily in camp on the grounds, preferring this to sleeping 
in the house, under the circumstances which the painful state 
it the country places me with respect to its proprietors. 

"I assure you it has been and will be my earnest endeavor 
to have all things so ordered that on your return you will 
find things as little disturbed as possible. In this I have the 
hearty concurrence of the courteous, kind-hearted gentleman 
who is in immediate command of the troops quartered here 
and who lives in the lower part of the house to insure its 
being respected. 

"Everything has been done as you desired with respect to 
your servants, and your wishes, as far as they arc known or 
could be anticipated, have been complied with. When you 
desire to return, every facility will be given you for so doing. 

"I trust, madam, you will not consider it an intrusion if I 
say I have the most sincere sympathy for your distress and 
that, as far as is compatible with my duties, I shall be ready to 
do whatever may alleviate it. I have the honor to be very re- 
spectfully your most obedient servant. Irvin McDowell. 

"P. S. — I am informed it was the order of the general in 
chief [General Scott] if the troops on coming here found the 
family in the house that no one should enter it, but that a 
guard should be placed for its protection." — Richmond 1'itnes- 
Dispatch. 



I 12 



Qor^federat^ l/eterar? 



STONEWALL. 

Irom Northern uplands comes he not, nor from the Western 
plains, 

Xor where in ports the stately ships ride safe from hurri- 
canes ; 

But in a sweet Virginia vale, where mountain shadow falls, 

Was born and nurtured Jackson, the mason of stone walls. 

Napoleon's gray overcoat bore fewer weather stains 

Than does the jacket that "Old Jack" wears through his swift 
campaigns ; 

And if you chanced to see his back, you'd call him some dra- 
goon 

Who'd worn his elbows fairly out in forays 'neath the moon. 

But if he faced about on you, his gray eyes' glow and fire 
Would teach you chieftains can be known without full-dress 

attire; 
And if in fight you saw that glance and heard that pealing 

voice, 
You'd think that Ney had come to life to lead the "Stonewall 

boys." 

He is a mason, this our chief ; and fairly may he boast 
Of all the stone walls ever built, his make can do the most ; 
For when it stands the rooted rock has not a firmer base, 
And in pursuit the swift sea wave cannot outstrip his chase. 

He served apprentice at West Point, and there he got his 

tools ; 
But many a bridge and arch he builds in scorn of bookly rules. 
And many a hasty line he's formed of simple sunburnt clay 
Had strength to stay a Yankee flood and dash it into spray. 

But though he scout the formal rules of book and architect, 
In picking out his building stuff no mason's more select ; 
No stone he uses till 'tis tried and tested in his hand, 
And most he likes the bowlder stanch that comes from Mary- 
land. 

And when he finds a stone to suit, no mason can be prouder; 
He shapes it neatly first in camp, then drills it well with pow- 
der; 
And when no flaws remain nor faults, but it is proven all, 
He takes it to the field with him and builds it in his wall. 

And thus the chieftain and his troops are fitted each to each ; 
The wall is strong to meet the shock, and he to mend the 

breach ; 
And every time the battle calls in prayer he bends his knee, 
And afterwards gives prayerful thanks to God for victory. 

And when the sentry hears his voice in midnight murmurs 

melt, 
He gives his gun a firmer grasp and tightens up his belt ; 
For well he knows it argues blows when Jackson prays by 

night, 
And well he feels he'll need his heels to catch the foe in flight. 

This fine poem, printed in the Charleston Mercury of April 
18, 1863, has never been reprinted in any of the collections of 
war poetry. The allusion to Maryland seems to point to Ran- 
dall as the author, though the style is more that of John R. 
Thompson. O. W. Blacknall. 

Kittrell, N. C. 



THE BATTLESHIP MISSISSIPPI 

BY C. \V. TRICE, LEXINGTON, N. C. 

At the recent launching of the superdreadnaught Mississippi, 
Secretary of the Navy Daniels stated that it was the third 
battleship named Mississippi. The first was used during the 
War between the States and, he said, took part in several 
engagements — once in Mobile Bay, where she destroyed a 
Confederate gunboat; once with Admiral Farragut in the 
engagement at New Orleans, helping to silence our guns and 
to capture that city; and then, with Admiral Farragut's fleet, 
steamed up the Mississippi River to Port Hudson, where she 
grounded and afterwards blew up. Allow me to make a 
correction about this battleship. 

In the early spring of 1863 I was stationed at a small town 
on the east bank of the Mississippi, about sixty miles above 
Baton Rouge, La. The town was Port Hudson. The bank 
of the river was high at this point ; and we had about fifty 
cannon, ranging in size from large siege guns down to small 
field artillery, all planted along this high bank for several 
hundred yards. 

At one point we had excavated a place ten or twelve feet 
deep opening out on the river. In this dugout we had a long, 
black steel cannon, about a twelve-pounder, and a furnace 
which was built of railroad iron. On this furnace, with a 
fire burning in it, was kept a large pile of solid shot for the 
cannon, the shot being kept red-hot all the time. In load- 
ing the cannon a crane was used to handle the balls. A 
block of wood was used between the powder and ball; and 
when this gun was fired we could see the shot, which looked 
like a streak of lightning. 

One night about two o'clock Admiral Farragut's fleet of 
about fifteen or twenty boats started to pass our guns. As 
soon as they were in range our guns began firing at them. 
The Federals had planted a mortar battery on the west side 
of the river about a mile below us, and these mortars began 
throwing shells our way. We could see every one of them 
as they went up into the air, rainbow fashion. The guns on 
the boats and our guns then all fired and made the most ter- 
rific noise I ever heard. Their guns had to be elevated so 
much that they overshot us, and we suffered no loss and but 
little damage. 

The first boat was the Hartford, Admiral Farragut's flag- 
ship, which hugged the bank under our guns. On account of 
the high bank our guns could not be depressed sufficiently to 
do her much damage, and she succeeded in getting by. The 
second boat in line was the Mississippi. She was farther out ; 
and when she got in range of our hot-shot gun one red-hot 
cannon ball took effect, which set her on fire. The crew 
immediately jumped into the water, and most of them were 
picked up by our men. Among these was Lieut. George 
Dewey (afterwards Admiral Dewey). I think Captain Peary, 
of North Pole fame, was among them, but am not sure of 
that. 

As soon as the Mississippi started to burn all the other 
boats turned back down the river to get out of her way. 
They knew she would blow up as soon as the fire reached her 
magazine. The Mississippi floated downstream several miles. 
We could see the light from the burning boat until just before 
day, when she blew up with a great noise, sending fire and 
smoke high in the air. 

That is the way the battleship Mississippi was grounded in 
the middle of the Mississippi River. 



Qopfederat^ l/eterar?. 



"3 



TORPEDO SERl ICE IN CHARLESTON HARBOR. 
[The following account of experiments in torpedo warfare 
was written by Lieut. W. T. Glassel and published in the 
"Southern Historical Society Papers" for November, 1877. 
Lieutenant Glassel was living in Los Angeles, Cal., at the 
time of writing the article, and in a letter referring to it he 
mentions that it was not the fault of the gallant men who 
were willing to undertake such risk that they failed to destroy 
the whole Heet in Charleston Harbor, saying: "It might easily 
have been done at that time with very little expense or danger 
but for the opposition thrown in our way by a set of old 
grannies." The worthies thus referred to evidently did not 
believe in newfangled notions and hindered him in his am- 
bitious undertaking. The Veteran for May contained a 
sketch of Lieutenant Glassel prepared by Col. John W. Du 
Bose, of Alabama.] 

1 had served faithfully, 1 believe, as a lieutenant 111 the 
United States navy and had returned from China on the 
United States steamer Hartford to Philadelphia sometime in 
1862, after the battles of Manassas and Ball's Bluff had been 
fought, when 1 was informed that I must now take a new oath 
of allegiance or be sent immediately to Fort Warren. 1 re- 
fused to take this oath on the ground that it was inconsistent 
with one I had already taken to the United States. 1 was kept 
in Fort Warren for about eight months and then exchanged 
as a prisoner of war on the banks of the James River, Being 
actually placed in the rank* of the Confederate States, I 
had thought even President Hayes would now acknowledge 
that it was my right, if not my duty, to act the part of a 
belligerent. 

A lieutenant's commission in the Confederate States navj 
was conferred on me. with orders to report for duty on the 
ironclad Chicora at Charleston. My duties were those of a 
deck officer, and I had charge of the first division 

On the occasion of the attack upon the blockading squadron 
(making the attack at night), if I could have had any in- 
fluence, we should not have fired a gun, but trusted to the 
effect of iron rams at full speed. It was thought, though, b\ 
older and perhaps wiser officers that this would have been at 
tin- risk of sinking mir ironclads, together with the \css ( >k oi 
the enemy. 1 ha\e ever believed there was no danger to be 
apprehended, and if there was we had better have encountered 
that than make the fruitless attempt which we did, only fright- 
ening the enemy and putting them on their guard for the 
future. 

It was tin part on that memorable morning to aim and lire 
one effective shell into the Keystone State while running down 
to attack us. which, according to Captain Le Roy's report, 
killed twenty-one men and severely wounded fifteen and 
caused him to haul down his flag in token of surrender 

The enemy now kept at a respectful distance while pre- 
paring their ironclad vessels to sail up more closely. Our 
Navy Department continued slowly to construct more of these 
rams, all on the same general plan, fit for little else than har- 
bor defense. The resources of the United States being such 
that she could build ten ironclads to our one and of a su 
perior class, almost invulnerable to shot or shell. I had bill 
little faith in the measures we were taking for defense 

Frank Lee. of the engineers, was employed in constructing 
torpedoes to he placed in the harbor and called my attention 
to the subject. It appeared to me that this might be made an 
effective weapon to use offensively against the powerful ves- 
sels now being built. An old hulk was secured, and Major 
bet made the first experiment \ torpedo made of copper 



and containing thirty or forty pounds of gunpowder, having 
a sensitive fuse, was attached by means of a socket to a long 
line pole. To this weights were attached, and it was suspended 
horizontally beneath a rowboat by cords from the bow and 
stern, the torpedo projecting eight or ten feet ahead of the 
boat and six or seven feet below the surface. The boat was 
then drawn toward the hulk till the torpedo came in contact 
with it and exploded. The result was the immediate destruc- 
tion of the old vessel and no damage to the boat. 

I was now convinced that powerful engines of war could 
be brought into play against ironclad ships. I believed it 
should be our policy to take immediate steps for the con- 
struction of a large number of small boats suitable for tor- 
pedo service and make simultaneous attacks, if possible, be- 
fore the enemy should know what we were about. The result 
of this experiment was represented to Commodore Ingraham. 
I offered all the argument I could in favor of my pet hobby. 
Forty boats with small engines for this service, carrying a 
shield or boiler iron to protect a man at the helm from rifle 
balls, might have been constructed secretly at one-half the 
cost of a clumsy ironclad. The Commodore did not believe 
in what he called "newfangled notions." I retired from his 
presence with a feeling of grief and almost desperation, but 
resolved to prove at least that I was in earnest. I got row- 
boats from my friend George A. Trenholm, and at his ex- 
pense equipped them with torpedoes for a practical experi- 
ment against the blockading vessels anchored off the bar. 

Commodore Ingraham then refused to let me have the of- 
ficers or men wdio had volunteered for the expedition, saying 
that my rank and age did not entitle me to command more 
than one boat. I was allowed some time after this to go out 
alone with one of these boats and a crew of six men to attack 
the United States ship Powhatan with a fifty-pound torpedo 
of rifle powder attached to the end of a long pole suspended 
by wires from the bow and stern beneath the keel of the boat 
and projecting eight or ten feet ahead and seven feet below 
the surface. 

I started out with ebb tide in search of a victim. I ap- 
proached the ship about one o'clock. The young moon had 
gone down, and everything seemed favorable, the stars shining 
overhead and the sea smooth and calm. The bow of the ship 
was toward us and the ebb tide still running out. I did not 
expect to reach the vessel without discovery; but my intention 
«as. no matter what tljey might say or do. not to be stopped 
until our torpedo came in contact with the ship. My men 
were instructed accordingly. I did hope the enemy would not 
fie alarmed by the approach of such a small boat so far out 
at sea and that we should be ordered to come alongside In 
this I was disappointed. When they discovered us two or 
three hundred yards distant from the port bow, we were hailed 
and immediately ordered to stop and not come nearer. To 
the question. "What boat is that?" and numerous others, I 
gave evasive and stupid answers; and, notwithstanding re- 
peated orders to stop and threats to fire on us. I told them I 
was coming on board as fast as I could and whispered to my 
men to pull with all their might. I trusted they would he too 
merciful to fire on such a stupid set of idiots as they must 
have taken us to be. 

My men did pull splendidly, and I was aiming to strike the 
enemy on the port side just below the gangway. They con- 
tinued to threaten and to order us to lie on our oars; but I 
had no idea of doing so. as we were now within forty feet 
of the intended victim. I felt confident of success, when one 
of my trusted men. from terror or treason, suddenly backed 



ii 4 



Qoijfederat^ l/eterap. 



his oar and stopped the boat's headway. This caused the other 
to give up apparently in despair. In this condition we drifted 
with the tide past the ship's stern, while the officer of the 
deck, continuing to ply me with embarrassing questions, gave 
orders to lower a ship's boat to go for us. 

The man who backed his oar had now thrown his pistol 
overboard and reached to get that of the man next to him 
for the same purpose. A number of men by this time were 
on deck with rifles in hand. The torpedo was now an encum- 
brance toward the movements of my boat. 

I never was rash nor disposed to risk my life or that oi 
others without large compensation from the enemy. But to 
surrender thus would not do. Resolving not to be taken alive 
till somebody at least should be hurt, I drew a revolver and 
whispered to the men at the bow and stern to cut loose the 
torpedo. This being quickly done, they were directed quietly 
to get the oars in position and pull away with all their 
strength. They did so. I expected a parting volley from the 
deck of the ship; and, judging from the speed with which 
the little boat traveled, you would have thought we were 
trying to outrun the bullets which might follow us. No shot 
was fired. I am not certain whether their boat pursued us 
or not. We were soon out of sight and beyond their reach, 
and I suppose the captain and officers of the Powhatan never 
have known how near they came to having the honor of being 
the" first ship ever blown up by a torpedo boat. 

I do not think this failure was from my fault or want of 
proper precaution of mine. The man who backed his oar and 
stopped the boat at the critical moment declared afterwards 
that he had been terrified so that he knew not what he was 
doing. He seemed to be ashamed of his conduct and wished 
to go with me in any danger. His name was James Murphy, 
and he afterwards deserted to the enemy by swimming off to 
a vessel at anchor in the Edisto River. 

I think the enemy must have received some hint from spies, 
creating a suspicion of torpedoes before I made this attempt. 
I got back to Charleston after daylight next morning with 
only the loss of one torpedo and convinced that steam was 
the only reliable motive power. 

Commodore Tucker having been ordered to command the 
naval forces at Charleston, torpedoes were fitted to the bows 
of the ironclad rams for use should the monitors enter the 
harbor. 

My esteemed friend, Mr. Theodore Stoney, of Charleston, 
took measures for the construction of the little cigar-shaped 
boat David at private expense, and about this time I was or- 
dered off to Wilmington as executive officer to attend to the 
equipment of the ironclad North Carolina. She drew so much 
water that it would have been impossible to get her over the 
bar and consequently was fit only for harbor defense. 

In the meantime the United States fleet, monitors and iron- 
clads, crossed the bar at Charleston and took their comforta- 
ble positions, protecting the army on Morris Island and occa- 
sionally bombarding Fort Sumter. 

The North Carolina, being finished, was anchored off Fort 
Fisher. No formidable enemy was in sight except the United 
States steamer Minnesota, which, knowing that she could not 
get out, had taken a safe position at anchor beyond the bar to 
guard one entrance to the harbor. I made up my mind to de- 
stroy that ship or make a small sacrifice in the attempt. Ac- 
cordingly I set to work with all possible dispatch, preparing a 
little steam tug which had been placed under my control, with 
the intention of making an effort. I fitted a torpedo to her 



bow so that it could be lowered in the water or elevated at 

discretion. 

I had selected eight or ten volunteers for this service and 
would have taken with me one rowboat to save life in case of 
accident. My intention was to slip out after dark through 
the passage used by blockade runners and then to approach 
the big ship from seaward as suddenly and silently as possible 
on a dark night, making such answer to their hail and ques- 
tions as occasion might require and perhaps burning a blue 
light for their benefit, but never stopping until my torpedo 
came in contact and my business was made known. 

I had everything ready for the experiment and only waited 
for a suitable night, when orders came requiring me to take 
all the men from the North Carolina by railroad to Charles- 
ton immediately. An attack on the city was expected. I lost 
no time in obeying the order and was informed on arriving 
there that "my men were required to reenforce the crews of 
the gunboats, but there was nothing in particular for me to 
do." In a few days, however, Mr. Theodore Stoney informed 
me that the little cigar boat built at his expense had been 
brought down by railroad, and if I could do anything with 
her he would place her at my disposal. On examination I 
determined to make a trial. She was yet in an unfinished 
state. 

Assistant Engineer J. H. Tomb volunteered his services, and 
all the necessary machinery was soon fitted and got in work- 
ing order, while Maj. Frank Lee gave me his zealous aid in 
fitting on a torpedo. James Stuart (alias Sullivan) volun- 
teered to go as fireman, and afterwards the services of J. W. 
Cannon as pilot were secured. The boat was ballasted so as 
to float deeply in the water and all above painted the most 
invisible color (bluish). The torpedo was made of copper, 
containing about one hundred pounds of rifle powder and pro- 
vided with four sensitive tubes of lead, containing explosive 
mixtures, and this was carried by means of a hollow iron shaft 
projecting about fourteen feet ahead of the boat and six or 
seven feet below the surface. I had also on deck an arma- 
ment of four double-barreled guns and as many navy re- 
volvers; also four cork life preservers had been thrown on 
board, and they made us feel safe. 

Having tried the speed of my boat and found it satisfac-. 
tory (six or seven knots an hour), I got a necessary order 
from Commodore Tucker to attack the enemy at discretion 
and also one from General Beauregard. And now came an 
order from Richmond that I should proceed immediately back 
to rejoin the North Carolina at Wilmington. This was too 
much. I never obeyed that order, but left Commodore Tucker 
to make my excuses to the Navy Department. 

On the 5th of October, 1863, a little after dark we left 
Charleston wharf and proceeded with the ebb tide down the 
harbor. A light north wind was blowing, and the night was 
slightly hazy; but there was starlight, and the water was 
smooth. I desired to make the attack about the turn of the 
tide, and this ought to have been just after nine o'clock, but 
the north wind made it run out a little longer. 

We passed Fort Sumter and beyond the line of picket boats 
without being discovered. Silently steaming along just inside 
the bar, I had a good opportunity to reconnoiter the whole 
fleet of the enemy at anchor between me and the camp fires 
on Morris Island. Perhaps I was mistaken, but it did occur 
to me that if we had then instead of one just ten or twelve 
torpedoes to make a simultaneous attack on all the ironclads, 
and this quickly followed by the egress of our rams, not only 
might this grand fleet have been destroyed, but the twenty 



Qopfederat^ l/eterap. 



115 



thousand troops on Morris Island left at our mercy. Quietly 
maneuvering and observing the enemy, I was half an hour 
more waiting on time and tide. The music of drum and fife 
had just ceased, and the nine-o'clock gun had been fired from 
the admiral's ship as a signal for all unnecessary lights to be 
extinguished and for the men not on watch to retire for sleep. 
1 thought the proper time for attack had arrived. 

The admiral's ship, New Ironsides, the most powerful ves- 
sel in the world, lay in the midst of the fleet, her starboard 
side presented to my view. I determined to pay her the high- 
est compliment. I had been informed through prisoners lately 
captured from the fleet that they were expecting an attack 
from torpedo boats and were prepared for it. I could, there- 
fore, hardly expect to accomplish any object without encoun- 
tering some danger from riflemen and perhaps a discharge of 
grape or canister from the howitzers. My guns were loaded 
with buckshot. I knew that if the officer of the deck could 
be disabled to begin with it would cause them some confusion 
and increase our chance for escape; so I determined that if 
the occasion offered I would commence by firing the first shot 
Accordingly, having on a full head of steam, I took charge 
of the helm, it being so arranged that I could sit on the deck 
and work the wheel with my feet. Then, directing the engi- 
neer and fireman to keep below and give me all the steam pos- 
sible, I gave a double-barreled gun to the pilot, with instruc- 
tions not to fire until I should say so, and steered directly for 
the monitor. I intended to strike her just below the gang- 
way, but the tide, still running out, carried us to a point 
nearer to the quarter. Thus we rapidly approached the enemy. 

When within one hundred yards of her a sentinel hailed us. 
"Boat ahoy! Boat ahoy!" repeating the hail several times 
very rapidly. We were coming toward them with all speed, 
and 1 made no answer, but cocked both barrels of m\ gun 
The officer of the deck made li is appearance and loudly de- 
manded: "What boat is that?" Being now within forty yards 
of the ship, with plenty of headway to carry us on. I thought 
it about time the light should commence and fired my gun 
The officer of the deck fell back mortally wounded (poor 
fellow!), and I ordered the engine stopped. The next mo- 
ment the torpedo struck the vessel and exploded. Whit 
amount of direct damage the eiietm received 1 shall not at- 
tempt to say. My little boat plunged violently, and a large 
body of water which had been thrown up descended upon her 
deck and down the smokestack and hatchway. 

I immediately gave orders to reverse the engine and back 
off. Mr Tomb informed me then that the tires were put 
out and something hail become jammed in the machinery so 
that it would not nunc. What could be done in this situa- 
tion? In the meantime the enemy, recovering from the shock, 
beat to quarters, and general alarm spread through the fleet. 
I saw that our only chance to escape was by swimming, and 
I think I told Mr. Tomb to cut the water pipes and let the 
boat sink. Then, taking one of the cork floats, I got into the 
water and swam off as fast as I could. 

The enemy, in no amiable mood, poured down upon the 
bubbling water a hailstorm of rifle and pistol shots from the 
deck of the Ironsides and from the nearest monitor. Some- 
times they struck very close to my head; but, swimming for 
life. I soon disappeared from their sight and found myself all 
alone in the water. I hoped that, with the assistance of the 
Hood tide, 1 might be able to reach Fort Sumter; hut a north 
wind was against me, and after I had been in the water 
more than an hour I became numb with cold and was nearly 
exhausted, lust then tin boat of a transport schooner picked 



me up and found, to their surprise, that thev had captured a 
Rebel. 

The captain of the schooner made me as comfortable as 
possible that night with whisky and blankets, for which I sin- 
cerely thanked him. I was handed over next morning to the 
mercy of Admiral Dahlgren. He ordered me to be transferred 
to the guard ship Ottawa, lying outside the rest of the fleet. 
Upon reaching tin- quarter-deck of this vessel. 1 u is m 
recognized by her commander, William D. Whiting. He was 
an honorable gentleman and a high-toned officer. I was in 
formed that his orders were to have me put in irons and if 
obstreperous in double irons. 1 smiled and told him his duty 
was to obey orders and mine to adapt myself to circum- 
stances. I could see no occasion to be obstreperous. I think 
Captain Whiting felt mortified at being obliged thus to treat 
.in old brother officer, whom he knew could have hern actu 
ated only by a sense of patriotic duty in making the attack 
which caused him to fall into his power as a prisoner of war 
At any rate, he proceeded immediately to see the admiral, and 
upon his return I was released on giving my parole not to at- 
tempt an escape from the vessel. His kindness and the gentle- 
manly courtesy with which I was treated by other officers of 
the old navy I shall ever remember most gratefully. I learned 
that my fireman had been found hanging on the rudder chains 
of the Ironsides and taken on board. I had every reason to 
believe that the other two. Mr. Tomb and Mr. Cannon, had 
been shot or drowned until I heard of their safe arri\il in 
Charleston. 

I was retained as a prisoner in Fort Lafayette and Fort 
Warren for more than a year and learned while there that I 
had been promoted for what was called "gallant and meri- 
torious service." 

What all the consequences of this torpedo attack upon the 
enemy were is not for me to say. It certainly awakened them 
to a sense of the dangers to which they had been exposed and 
caused them to apprehend far greater difficulties and dangers 
than really existed should they attempt to enter the harbor 
with their fleet. It may have prevented Admiral Dahlgren 
from carrying out the intention he is said to have had of going 
in with twelve ironclads on the arrival of his double-turreted 
monitor to destroy the city by a cross fire from the two rivers. 
It certainly caused them to take many precautionary measures 
for protecting their vessels which had never before been 
thought of Possibly it shook the nerve of a brave admiral 
and deprived him of the glory of laying low the city of 
Charleston. It was said by officers of the navy that the iron- 
clad vessels of that fleet were . immediately enveloped like 
women m hoop-skirl petticoats oi netting, to lie in idle ad- 
miration of themselves lor many months. The Ironsides went 
into dry dock for repairs. 

The attack also suggested to olbcers of the United States 
navy that this was a game at which both sides could play, and 
Lieutenant dishing bravely availed himself of it. I congratu- 
lated him for the <rl.it and promotion he obtained thcrclw I 
do not remember the date of my exchange again as a prisoner 
of war, but it was only in time to witness the painful agonies 
and downfall of an exhausted people and the surrender "t .i 
hopeless cause. 

I was authorized to equip and command any number of 
torpedo boats, but it was now too late. I made efforts to do 
what I could at Charleston till it became necessary to aban- 
don that city. I then commanded the ironclad Fredericksburg 
on James River until ordered by Admiral Semmes to burn 
and blow her up when Richmond was evacuated. Leaving 



u6 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 



Richmond with the Admiral, we now organized the i-t N'aval 
Artillery Brigade, and I was in command of a regiment of 
soldiers when informed that our noble general, R. E. Lee. had 
capitulated. Our struggle was ended. 

After the close of the war I was offered a command and 
high rank under a foreign flag. I declined the compliment 
and recommended my gallant old commander, Commodore 
J. R. Tucker, as one more worthy and competent than myself 
to fill a high position. 

I never regretted that I acted in accordance with what ap- 
peared to be my duty. * * * I had been absent nearly two 
years. No one could have lamented the beginning of the war 
more than I did. It had been in progress nearly six months 
when I came home from sea. I had taken no part in it on 
my arrival in Philadelphia, only because I could not truth- 
fully swear that I felt no human sympathy for my own family 
ind for tlie friends of my childhood and that I was willing i 
shed their blood and desolate their homes; and because I 
would not take an oath that would have been a lie 1 was de- 
nounced as a traitor, thrown into prison for eight months, 
and then exchanged as a prisoner of war. 



THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN. 

BY w I SHAW. FORT WORTH, TEX 

It is impossible to understand and appreciate the far-reach- 
ing effect and importance attached to this campaign without 
some knowledge of the official corespondence that preceded 
it by the Federal authorities, from the President down. 

As early as August 6, 1863, General Halleck sent the fol- 
lowing dispatch to Banks, via Vicksburg, from Washington : 
"There are important reasons why our flag should be at some 
point in Texas with the least possible delay." 

On the 10th of August, 1863, Halleck explains this order 
thus: "That order, as I understood at the time, was of a 
diplomatic rather than a military character and resulted from 
European complications or, more properly speaking, was in- 
tended to prevent such complications." 

The President himself emphasized his solicitude for this 
policy in a letter which Banks wrote to Halleck December 23, 
1863 : "In addition to the instructions received from your de- 
partment upon this subject (the expedition to Texas), the 
President addressed me a letter, borne by Brigadier General 
Hamilton (Jack Hamilton), Military Governor of Texas, 
dated September 19, 1863, in which he expressed the hope that 
I had accomplished the object so much desired — the occupa- 
tion under Hamilton's military rule of Texas." 

On the 8th of January, 1864, while this issue was pending 
before the Cabinet and President in Washington, who were 
in deliberation over the policy to be pursued, General Hal- 
leck, then Secretary of War, wrote as follows to General 
Grant : "In regard to General Banks's campaign against 
Texas, it is proper to remark that it is undertaken less for 
military reasons than as a matter of State policy. As a mili- 
tary measure simply it presented perhaps less advantages 
than a movement on Mobile and the Alabama River, so as 
to threaten the interior lines and effect a diversion in favor 
of our armies at Chattanooga and in Eastern Tennessee. 
But, however this may have been, it was deemed necessary, 
as a matter of political or State policy connected with our 
foreign relations, and especially with France and Mexico, that 
we should hold and occupy at least a portion of Texas. The 



President so considered for reasons satisfactory to himself 
and his cabinet, and it was therefore unnecessary for us to 
inquire whether or not the troops could be employed else- 
where with greater advantage." 

Without further reference to this interesting correspond- 
ence, a brief review of what happened in this remarkable cam- 
paign will be given. 

The first achievement of the Federal forces was the capture 
of Fort De Russy, with two hundred and fifty men, near the 
mouth of the Red River, by a combined attack on Porter's 
fleet and A. J. Smith's veteran army corps on the 14th of 
March. 1864. The ease with which this was accomplished 
seems to have turned Admiral Porter's head. 

Writing from Alexandria two days later, Porter says: 
"Colonel De Russy from appearance is a most excellent engi- 
neer to build forts, but doesn't seem to know what to do 
with them after they are constructed. The efforts of these 
people to keep up their war remind one of the antics of 
Chinamen who build canvas forts, paint hideous dragons on 
their shields, turn somersaults and yell in the faces of their 
enemies to frighten them, and then run away at the first sign 
of an engagement. It puts the soldiers and sailors out of all 
patience with them after the trouble they have had in getting 
here. Now and then our army has a little brush with their 
pickets, but it doesn't often happen. It is not the intention of 
these Rebels to fight." 

It is a Federal historian who, after inserting in his history 
this letter from Porter, pertinently comments : "Admiral Por- 
ter probably had occasion to reverse his judgment before the 
campaign was over." 

Gen. William H. Parsons, in a comment on this letter, sig- 
nificantly observed : "Certainly his own first encounter at 
Blair's Landing with the despised enemy must have convinced 
him that he was in error in assuming this: 'It is not the in- 
tention of these Rebels to fight.' The first lesson he received 
which compelled him to reverse his judgment was adminis- 
tered at Blair's Landing by Parsons's Brigade, and no attempt 
on his part to disparage these 'reckless Texans who charged 
on his gunboats' on the base and calumnious insinuation that 
'they were infuriated with Louisiana rum' will change the 
verdict of history that the men of Texas, whose exemplars 
were the heroes of the Alamo, Goliad, and San Jacinto, like 
the old guard of Napoleon, were of those who not only knew 
how to fight, but how to die, but never surrender." 

General Banks reported that he entered this campaign with 
forty-two thousand men. This may have included seven to 
ten thousand men under Steele at Little Rock, Ark., on whom 
he relied to join him at Shreveport. General Taylor, with 
5,300 infantry, 3,000 cavalry (dismounted), and 500 artillery, 
making a force of all arms of 8,800 men, attacked the front of 
Banks's army near Mansfield. To use Taylor's own language : 
"The great event then transpired at 4 p.m. April 8. The 
enemy failing to advance, our line advanced in force and 
swept all before it, as was also the 2d Division of the 13th 
Corps, brought up to sustain the first line, pursuing the routed 
foe four miles below our first position. Eight thousand of 
the enemy, his horse, two divisions of infantry, and five thou- 
sand of the 19th Corps were driven back by sunset. The 
fruits of the victory at Mansfield were: Two hundred and fiftj 
wagons, several stands of colors, many thousand small arms, 
twenty pieces of artillery, and twenty-five hundred prisoners." 

In the second day's battle at Pleasant Hill, Taylor, having 
been joined by Churchill's Division, had in line 12.500 men : 
while the enemy had in position 18.000 men. including 10.000 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 



117 



fresh veteran troops under Gen. A. J. Smith, which had not 
been brought into action the previous day. General Taylor 
states that, notwithstanding the superiority of numbers in 
the enemy's columns, he relied on turning both flanks of the 
enemy and overwhelming it with a concentric fire should his 
orders be intelligently executed. 

Majors, with two brigades of horse, was stationed on tin- 
Confederate left in a wood to the east of the Mansfield road, 
and Churchill, with two batteries and three regiments of 
horse, was directed to the right of the Mansfield road ; while 
Walker's Division was held in the center, where Green was 
in command. On the left Majors advanced, turned the 
enemy's right, and gained possession of the Blair's Landing 
road, thus frustrating any attempt on the part of Banks tn 
retreat on that road and form a junction with Porter. 

In his official report Churchill admitted that if his line had 
extended half a mile farther to the right Taylor's plan of bat- 
tle would have resulted in a brilliant success. As it was. 
Churchill, failing to gain sufficient ground to turn the enemy's 
left, advanced with his Missouri and Arkansas troops suc- 
cessfully, broke the enemy's line, got possession of two bat- 
teries and three hundred prisoners, and with his Missourians 
reached the village. His Arkansas brigade being delayed by 
a gulch, the rapid advance of the Missourians put a gap of 
some three hundred yards between the two advancing sec- 
tions. Into this opening the enemy thrust their reserve; also 
Churchill was himself attacked on the flank by the Federal 
brigade which by his blunder he had left on his right. Being 
assaulted on all sides, his forces were thrown into confusion. 
The Arkansas brigade retreated upon Scurry's Brigade, to 
Sustain which Wall's and Randall's Brigades were ordered into 
action, and soon our whole line was engaged. 

At the first sound of Churchill's attack, which had been 
agreed upon as the signal for their advance. Walker's Di 
vision was led forward by echelons of brigades, and Brent 
advanced twelve guns from the wood and, planting them 
within seven hundred yards of the enemy, opened fire W ' 
Brent overpowered the Federal battery in the plateau in front 
of the Mansfield road, General Green believed the enemy to 
be retreating and ordered the Texas cavalry under Bee, Du 
Bray, and Buchell to charge. The three gallant cavalry lead- 
ers were all wounded. Buchell mortally. General Taylor says: 
"The charge was premature and cost many valuable lives, but 
Green's dismounted men cleared the woods from the Mans- 
field to the Blair's Landing road and at nightfall held tin- 
position previously occupied by the Federal battery." 

On the Confederate right the close of the day brought 
Churchill's action to an end. leaving both sides in their orig- 
inal position. 

General Taylor reported: "In the two action- of Mansfield 
and Pleasant Hill my loss in killed and wounded was 2,200. 
At Pleasant Hill we lost three guns and 425 prisoners, 170 
from Churchill's and 246 from Scurry's Brigade at the time 
it was so nearly overwhelmed." 

Banks repotted his loss in killed and wounded at . |,ooo. 

The battle of Pleasant Hill was hotly contested with des- 
perate fighting on both sides; but the enemy's precipitate re- 
peat 'luring the night, leaving his wounded on the field and 
dead unburied, was an acknowledgment of complete discom- 
fiture and defeat. In fact, he was in great doubt as to whether 
or not his army and fleet could escape destruction. Had not 
Kirby Smith persisted in withdrawing more than two-thirds 
of Taylor's force to Arkansas, it is practically certain that 
they would not have escaped. The almost marvelous achieve- 



ments of General Taylor, with his Texas cavalry, during the 
forty days following pursuit amply justifies this opinion. 

It will be observed that this account of the Pleasant Hill 
battle, taken from Taylor's official report, completely refutes 
the claim of our friend Colonel Hubbard, of the 5th Minne- 
sota, that it was a Federal victory and complete rout that 
almost destroyed Taylor's army. Colonel Hubbard does not 
seem to have known that the bulk of Taylor's army was with- 
drawn to Arkansas after this battle, and he may have been 
led into his error and bold assumption from the small body 
of troops with which Taylor was left to complete the pursuit 
of the enemy. 

To set forth the achievements of General Taylor, with his 
3.000 Texas cavalry, supported by less than 1,200 infantry and 
some 300 artillery, making a force of all arms less than 4,500. 
in pursuit of the enemy after the two opening battles, we 
shall rely upon the general orders issued at the close of the 
campaign. 

In his "General Order No. "." dated May 24, 1864, addressed 
to the officers and soldiers of his cavalry. General Wharton 
uses this language: "The history of no other campaign will 
present the spectacle of a cavalry force capturing and killing 
more of the enemy than their own numbers. This you have 
done and in so doing have immortalized yourselves and added 
new luster to Texas, the gallantry of whose sons has been 
illustrated on every battle field from Gettysburg to Glorietta." 

The general order issued by Gen Dick Taylor on May 28. 
1864, reads as follows 

"On March 12 the enemy, with an army of 30,000 men. ac- 
companied by a fleet of ironclads mounting one hundred and 
fifty guns, moved forward for the conquest of Texas and 
Louisiana. After seventy days' continuous fighting you stand, 
a band of conquering heroes, on the banks of the Mississippi. 
Fifty pieces of cannon, seven thousand stands of small arms. 
three gunboats, eight transports captured or destroyed, sixty 
stands of colors, and over ten thousand of the enemy killed, 
wounded, or captured — these are the trophies which adorn 
your victorious banners. Along three hundred miles of river 
you have fought his fleet, and over two hundred miles of 
road you have driven his army. You matched your bare 
breasts against his ironclads and proved victorious in the con- 
test. You have driven his routed columns beyond the Mis- 
sissippi, although fed by reinforcements of fresh troops, while 
many of your gallant comrades were withdrawn to other 
fields. The boasted fleet which lately sailed triumphantly 
over our waters has fled in dismay after destroying guns and 
stripping off armor in its eagerness to escape. Like recreant 
knights, they have fled the field, leaving sword and shield 
behind. 

"The devotion and constancy you have displayed in this 
pursuit have never been surpassed in the annals of war, and 
you have removed from the Confederate soldier the reproach 
that he could win battles, but could not improve victories. 

" \long a hundred miles of his path the flying foe, with 
more than savage barbarity, burned every house and village 
within his reach. You extinguished the burning ruins in his 
base blood and were nerved afresh to vengeance by the cries 
of women and children left without shelter or food. 

"If the stern valor of our well-trained infantry was illus- 
trated on the bloody fields of Mansfield and Pleasant Hill, 
this long pursuit has covered the cavalry of this army with 
undying renown. Whether charging on foot shoulder to 
shoulder with our noble infantry or hurling your squadrons 
on the masses of the foe or hanging on his flying columns 



n8 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 



with more than the tenacity of the Cossack, you have been 
admirable. 

"Our artillery has been the admiration of the army. Boldly 
advancing without cover against the heavy metal of the hostile 
fleet, unlimbering. often without support, within range of 
musketry, or remaining last on the field to pour grape and 
canister into advancing columns, our batteries have been dis- 
tinguished in exact proportion as opportunity was afforded. 

"Soldiers, these are great and noble deeds, and they will 
live in chronicle and in song as long as the Southern race 
exists to honor the earth. But much remains yet to do. The 
fairest city of the South languishes in the invader's grasp. 
Soldiers, this army marches toward New Orleans; and though 
it may not reach the goal, the hearts of her patriotic women 
will bound with joy. responsive to the echoes of your guns." 



IV HY THE SOUTH LOST. 

BY O. W. BLACKNALL, KITTREIX, N. C. 

"Because she would not pay the price of independence !" 
The people who for the cause next their heart paid in blood, 
in treasure, in suffering, in humiliation, in every species of dis- 
aster the heaviest price in all history, not willing to pay the 
price of independence ! 

The South (and by the South I mean the patriotic element 
within her borders) was willing to pay and did pay even- 
price but one. But, alas! that was the one without which all 
the others proved vain. That price was liberty, the tem- 
porary subordination of law and personal rights to military 
necessity. The South could not bring herself to let liberty 
wait even until independence was won. She could not how- 
to the maxim of the most practical liberty lovers that the 
world has ever seen, the ancient Romans. The maxim that 
amid the clash of arms law must be silent was not for her. 

Our civil officers in the discharge of their duty as they saw 
it hampered and thwarted the Confederate government in the 
prosecution of the war to a degree hardly to be believed in 
these iron days. Governor Vance, of North Carolina, Gover- 
nor Brown, of Georgia, and the Governor of Alabama, to men- 
tion only the most prominent cases, were patriotic men. For 
Southern independence they stood ready to sacrifice every- 
thing but Southern liberty. No matter how dire the ex- 
tremity, how urgent the necessity that forced it, every en- 
croachment of the Richmond authorities upon the rights of 
the States was opposed and more than once to the verge of 
■ armed resistance. In the main the State courts backed the 
Governors and the people, or at least the civil population 
backed the courts. 

Unfortunately, the measures most stoutly opposed and most 
persistently thwarted were those of conscription and im- 
pressment, without which the army could not be recruited or 
supplied. The result was that the South never fully mobilized 
her resources in either men or supplies. More than once with- 
in a stone's throw of independence, even this small mtrs'i 
unmobilized resources must have strengthened her to reach 
the shining goal. 

War as we waged it was a grilling thing, testing human 
nature to its inmost fiber. There has never been a war with- 
out its shirkers. The great body of Southern people, stead- 
fast to the bitter end, were willing to lay upon the altar of 
independence their lives, their fortunes, everything but the 
rights of the people, even if these rights included the right 
of the shirker to shirk. Suppose we had commandeered every 



man, every dollar, every mouthful of food, and every tongue, 
or bridled it as, I will not say Germany, but as England and 
France are now doing — in short had prodded our dead weight 
into action, the "thin gray line" would have stiffened and 
never broken. 

Northern historians of the war devote whole chapters to 
"The Military Despotism" at the South. But what was her 
true liberty status? Despotism always bridles the tongue be- 
fore it manacles the hand. Numerous papers were suppressed 
by the Federal authorities. If the Confederate authorities 
ever suppressed one, I have never found record of it, and I 
have looked diligently. The Charleston Mercury criticized 
the administration from beginning to end. The Richmond 
Examiner was almost rabid in its assaults on the President 
and his policy. Holden, in the Raleigh Standard, by encour- 
aging desertion and every possible form of disloyalty to the 
Confederacy, probably did as much as Grant or Sherman to 
defeat Southern independence. But he kept within the law 
as our liberal-minded forbears saw it and to the very end 
was suffered to weaken the cause which our highest and best 
were dying to uphold. 

That the Confederate authorities did not in their desperate 
straits resort to arbitrary and unlawful measures, no one cold 
pretend to deny. Impressment, unnecessary at the opulent 
North, where the wily contractor stood ready to supply with 
one hand and rake off with the other, worked great hard 
ships and often injustice at the lean South. Nor did the 
Northern draft ever develop into the keen man hunt that th 
Southern conscription did, for there were fully five times as 
many available men within the Federal lines by 1864 as in 
the Confederate. What I mean is that through all the stress 
and strain and dire necessity of war, with the enemy, sword 
and torch in hand, forever thundering at her doors, the South 
strove valiantly to keep liberty alive and went down to de- 
feat and ruin thereby. "Liberty is a delicate plant," said one 
of our war editors, beautifully expressing Southern senti- 
ment. "Liberty is a delicate plant. Watered with blood and 
tears, it will grow ; but once uprooted, where upon that soil 
did it ever thrive again?" As another put it: "Liberty has 
ever said, the veil of the temple once rent, 'let us depart.' " 

On the other hand, the North from the beginning of the 
war to the end of Reconstruction destroyed every bar, legal 
or moral, that stood in the way of working her will with the 
South. The Declaration of Independence, at once the creed 
and gospel of American liberty, proclaimed as its cardinal 
principle, as its very reason for being, that "governments 
derive their just powers from the consent of the governed." 
Thirteen sovereign States, the identical number that made 
the declaration of American independence, and inhabited by 
ten million people, nearly three times as many as the original 
thirteen and under far greater provocation, now made a 
declaration of Southern independence. These States, all 
thoroughly organized, fully capable of self-government, sol- 
emnly, deliberately, and observing every form of law and of 
procedure, sought to exercise the "just power" of self-govern- 
ment. But twenty million Northerners were as much bene- 
fited by the union as the ten million Southerners were harmed 
by it. The declaration of independence became a scrap of 
paper. 

The Constitution, the bond of union, the solemn covenant 
that bound the States together, the destruction of which auto- 
matically destroyed the Union, by every possible implication 
and construction forbade the Federal government to interfere 
with slavery in the States. Northern military and political 



s 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 



no 



expediency called for abolition. The Constitution became a 
scrap of paper. 

Humanity demanded that the cartel empty Northern and 
Southern prison hells. Northern military expediency re- 
quired that these hells remain in full blast. The cartel be- 
came a scrap of paper. 

The habeas corpus act, forbidding arrest and imprisonment 
without due form of law, hindered the North in subjugating 
the South. Seward touched the little bell at his elbow. The 
habeas corpus act became a scrap of paper. 

The time-honored rules of civilized warfare prohibited an 
invading army from vandalism, from the wanton destruc- 
tion of private property. These rules had been scrupulously 
observed by the army that the tyrant George III. sent through 
the South in the Revolution. Northern military expediency 
required that Sherman devastate, give over to pillage, torch, 
and rapine an area three times as large as all Belgium com- 
bined. The rules of civilized warfare became a scrip of 
paper. 

"But didn't all this shorten the war?'' the unthinking are 
given to asking. Perhaps it did. But so did Attila's butch- 
eries shorten his job, and Alva's: so did the cruelties of the 
painted savage shorten his job. 

But civilized man has by common consent bound himself 
to forego such doubtful advantage bought at such fearful 
cost to the innocent and helpless. Frightfulness, savagery 
brands the savage, be it veneered with New England Puritan- 
ism or German Kultur. To her everlasting honor the South 
lost not only because she was short in resources, but because 
she was long in principle. After all, was it not better to have 
nobly lost than to have basely won? 



THE BATTLE OF HATCHER.s AV.\ 

BY MAJ. RANDOLPH BARTON. BALTIMORE. MI) 

[This account of the battle was written in response to the 
request of Capt. S. D. Buck in the Veteran for January. — 
En 1 

The battle of Hatcher's Run was fought on the afternoon 
of February 6, 1865. I was at that time assistant adjutant 
general of Terry's Brigade, made up of the remnants of the 
Stonewall Brigade and other brigades of Maj. Gen. Edward 
Johnson's division. We had been encamped during the win- 
ter on the Boydton Plank Road, which runs southwesterly 
from Petersburg down into the Dinwiddie County section of 
Virginia. We were about twelve miles. I think, from Peters- 
burg. Hatcher's Run crosses the plank road from north- 
west to southeast about a mile below where we were en- 
camped. 

Pegram's Division was in the neighborhood, for 1 have 
frequently recalled the superb picture of Mrs. Pegram. for- 
merly the lovely Hetty Cary. of Baltimore, and a bride of 
about two weeks, handsomely mounted, and General Lee, on 
foot, with his hand resting on her horse's neck, engaged in 
conversation while awaiting the coming of the division to be 
reviewed by General Lee. You can imagine the splendor of 
the group: a beautiful woman, a noble man in appearance 
and every other respect, and a handsome horse. 

On the 6th, about midday, the long roll beat in our camp. 
and the command turned out and moved rapidly down the 
plank road toward Hatcher's Run. It proved to be a false 
alarm, and we returned to camp and resumed our usual rou- 
tine of camp life. About .? P.M. we were railed nut again 



and hastened down the road. We crossed the Run and went 
into line of battle on the left-hand, or easterly, side of the 
road and on Pegram's left. Very soon we were hotly en- 
gaged. I was mounted, and while the firing was heavily 
going on some of our men from the right of our line came 
running toward me to say that we were being flanked on our 
right. I at once rode to the point indicated and found my- 
self on the edge of an old field in which the sedge grass, 
short cedars, and pines seemed to be the only vegetation. 
The Federal troops were coming over the ground, and very 
suddenly I found myself within probably fifty yards of their 
line. They saw me and fired before I could turn and escape, 
one ball going through my left leg above the knee and beau- 
tifully perforating my thigh. Another ball lodged in my 
horse's neck, but without disabling her. I turned as quickly 
as possible and ordered the right of our line to fall back and 
then made for the rear, the line giving way at the same time. 
I reached the stream (Hatcher's Run), and my marc had to 
climb like a cat to get over the fallen and cut trees and limbs 
and then jump the stream. However, T got over safely and 
soon emerged on the plank road, where, encountering a sur- 
geon, my wounds were examined, and with him I returned 
to our camp and had it dressed. Although disabling mi 
lutely, it was a lovely wound. On our way back on the plank 
n ambulance preceded me. in which, lying dead was 
General Pegram. 

Now as to an explanation of the battle. General Grant 
began very early in 1865 to "feel" General Lee's right flank 
From day to day he sought to encircle our right, and this 
was one of his movements. Our line must have re-formed 
and held the enemy, for I am quite sure they retired, and 
our command came back to camp. I think it was wdiat we 
used to call a "reconnoissance in force" hv the Federal troops, 
and they first met General Pegram's division, which was SOOtl 
reinforced by our division, commanded by Gen. Clement \ 
Evans, of Georgia. 

The whole affair is very clear to me. even after the passage 
of fiftv-two vears. 



.1 BLOODY CONFLICT BY MOONLIGHT. 

BY CAPT H. P. RAUTON. SUMTER, S. C. 

This moonlight battle occurred on the night of June 17. 
1864, at Petersburg. Va. After the crater explosion the 22d 
South Carolina Regiment was commanded by Col. Jere Burt, 
a brave young officer, who won his promotion when our regi- 
ment was so badly scattered by the blow-up, in which we lost 
our colonel and two companies of the left wing. Colonel Burt 
rallied the men and led them into the hard-fought struggle 
to possess the line again. In the moonlight charge we had 
about four hundred men in the regiment. Company A was 
led into the charge by Lieut. Sam Ready with only twenty- 
eight men on that night. 

After passing through a skirt of wood we entered the 
cleared land about fifty yards from the Federals holding our 
breastworks. At that point we raised the yell with which oui 
enemy was so familiar. Half of our company was knocked 
out in less than sixty seconds, but we gave them time for 
only one volley of Minie balls to whistle through the night 
air. Our regiment captured four hundred prisoners. I must 
compliment the enemy's troops for aiming low on that occa- 
sion. Lieutenant Ready and I were both shot in the right 
thigh. Two of the prisoners helped me off of the battle field 
and were in a great hurry to get out of range of their bullets. 
I should be glad to hear from them if now alive. 



120 



Qopfederat^ l/eterap. 



IN THE YEAR 1861. 

COMPILED BY JOHN C. STILES. BRUNSWICK, <:\ 

Volume IV., "Official Records." 

Arizona Territory, C. S. .-).— The following order- was is- 
sued by Gen. H. II. Sibley. Army of New Mexico, C. S. A.: 
"The proclamation of martial law by the commanding gen- 
eral is in no way intended to abrogate or supersede the power 
of Col. John R. Baylor as civil or military governor of Ari- 
zona." So it is seen that the Confederacy was composed of 
States and at least one Territory. 

Variety of Arms in One Regiment, C. S. A. — An inspector 
reported from Hopkinsville. Ky., that he found in a Texas 
regiment the following arms : Rifles, shotguns, muskets, Mis- 
sissippi rifles, yagers, and various other firearms of all kinds 
and descriptions. This must have been pretty rough on the 
ordnance department. 

Blankets for Sick and Wounded. — Governor Clark, of 
Texas, made an appeal to the citizens of his State, saying that 
every family should furnish at least one blanket or comfort, 
as the articles contributed would be of little or no incon- 
venience to the donors, yet when aggregated together would 
furnish an immense supply for the sick and wounded soldiers. 
I suppose he got them, as the Texans generally gave cheer- 
fully everything they had for the good of the cause. 

Simon Bolivar Buckner. — On August 17, 1861, President 
Lincoln wrote the Secretary of War of the United States : 
"Unless there be reason to the contrary, not known to me. 
make out a commission for Simon B. Buckner, of Kentucky, 
as a brigadier general of volunteers. It is to be put into the 
hands of General Anderson, of Sumter fame, and delivered to 
General Buckner or not, at the discretion of General Ander- 
son. Of course it is to remain a secret unless and until the 
commission is delivered. He did not want it, but later in the 
war he called somebody's attention to the fact that he could 
have had it if he wished. 

C. S. A. Cavalry. — The Secretary of War. C. S. A., wrote 
Gen. A. S. Johnston that no cavalry would be accepted unless 
they furnished their own horses, but that forty cents per day 
would be allowed for their use and risk, and they would also 
be paid for such horses as were killed. And they got on these 
terms very nearly all the cavalry that could be used. 

First Official Recognition of the Confederacy. — Colonel 
Riley, of Sibley's Brigade, wrote the commanding officer a? 
follows: "Permit me here to again congratulate you on having 
been instrumental in obtaining the first official recognition by 
a foreign government of the Confederate States of America, 
and all the credit due such an achievement, I trust, will be 
awarded you." This was brought forth by a communication 
from the Governor of Chihuahua. Mexico, as to the right of 
pursuit into his country. 

Some Drunk. — An Alabama colonel wrote General Bragg 
from Chattanooga that a Tennessee general was there with 
two regiments and a light battery and stated further that this 
gent had just been appointed ; had been drunk for not less 
than five years; was stupid, but easily controlled; knew noth- 
ing, and he (the colonel) believed that he could do with him 
pretty much as he pleased. This is, I believe, the record 
drunk for the world and certainly beats anything the Yankees 
could do in this line; although if true that Grant was the 
"booze fighter" he was reported to be, the convivial Tennes- 
seean was not much in the lead. 



Grapevine News. — A Yankee colonel wrote that his scouts 
reported that the Richmond howitzer battery, C. S. A., was 
manned by negroes, and he thought the report was correct. 
Now. this certainly must have riled those "F. F. V.'s," of 
whom this battery was entirely composed. 

Home Guards. — A Kentucky colonel wrote that he was 
joined by one hundred and fifty home guards, who nobly came 
to his rescue, but promptly disappeared at the approach of 
danger. He further said that they were "fireside rangers" 
and nothing more. Some who made the excuse that they 
could not march thirteen miles toward the enemy actually 
marched thirty miles in the opposite direction without a halt. 
Like a great many of us. these parties were "warriors in peace 
and citizens in war." 

Mexicans in the Confederate Army. — A Texas colonel said: 
"We have at this post one company of infantry which is en- 
tirely composed of Mexicans, and, like all of their country- 
men, they are susceptible to bribery and corruption and can- 
not be depended on." From what I have read of this nation, 
its people have not changed any up to date. 

Negroes as a Commodity. — General Magruder told the ad- 
jutant general at Richmond that the enemy was in the habit 
of landing in Mathews County, Va.. and decoying off from 
five to eight thousand dollars' worth of negroes each week 
Some veteran will please explain if they were reckoned by th 
dozen, yard, cord, gallon, or, as the negroes say, "per each 

Proclamation. — The following is from the pen of Gen. P 
O. Herbert, who bore a very gallant part in the Trans-Mis- 
sissippi Department : "Texans, our infant government has 
achieved wonders, yet we must strain every nerve for our 
individual protection. Remember the days of yore when 
your own red right hands achieved your independence; and 
while some of your hardy sons are prepared to share the 
glory to be won in other States, you owe it to them and your- 
selves to keep your soil free from the enemy's touch. Let 
every man, then, clean his old musket, shotgun, or rifle, run 
his bullets, fill his powder horn, sharpen his knife, and set- 
that his revolver is ready to hand, as in the trying days when 
Mexico was your foe. I am too near to San Jacinto's field 
to doubt for an instant that even against overwhelming num- 
bers you will gladly rally to the defense of your homes, your 
families, and your liberties. Our enemy may succeed, from 
his superior numbers, in ravaging your seacoast ; but, God 
willing and you aiding, he will never hold a foot of your soil 
Xever !" But—. 

Powder Flasks. — A Virginia colonel reported to Gen. H. 
Marshall that his men were poorly armed and carried their 
powder in horns, gourds, and bottles. And this only a few 
years from the magazine rifle ! 

Prayed for the Union. — A citizen of East Tennessee wrote 
that the Confederate authorities had arrested more than one 
hundred persons for no other charge than being Union men 
and cites the instance of an old man, a very large and fleshy 
Methodist preacher, who had been carried on the hoof for 
fifty miles, being denied the privilege of riding his own horse, 
and all they had against him was that he had prayed for the 
LTnion. This was certainly rough on that chicken-fed man. 

Anxious for Service. — Governor Clark, of Texas, wrote 
that his State regiments were clamorous for service, fretting 
under inaction, and requested that they be mustered in at the 
earliest possible moment and given active employment. It is 
useless to add that they got what they wanted. 



11 






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121 



Supplies II anted. — A Confederate colonel said that his men 
needed only rifles, clothes, greatcoats, knapsacks, haversacks, 
canteens, and. indeed, everything except a willingness to fight 
The last clause describes Tennessee's part in the war to a 
nicety. 

Pulling It to a / ote. — Colonel Wood, C. S. A., reported 
that the Lincolnites, who numbered 300, had met the night 
before our arrival and voted on three propositions : First. 
Should they fight? (Ayes, 4; noes, 296.) Second, Should 
they go to Kentucky? (Ayes, 65; noes, 235.) Third. Should 
they disperse? (Ayes, 230; noes, 70.) Then they all fled, 
the four fighting men with the colonel, the sixty-five toward 
Kentucky with the major, and the others with the lieutenant 
colonel, scattering to their homes and the mountains. This 
band of Lincolnites as a fighting unit was evidently, as they 
say in these days, fairly "shot to pieces." 

Expected Duration of War, — The Governor of Texas on 

August 31 told his people that the war they were engaged in 
would in all probability be prolonged for many months to 
come and to make their preparations accordingly. He was 
surely right, but he might have put it hotter if he had said 
years. 

Welcoming the Coming Guest Gen J. Bankhcad Ma 
gruder ("Prince John") told his Army of the Peninsula 
"From St. Louis to Washington and from Washington to 
New Orleans tin- command is: 'Onward to the destruction oi 
the South!' Let us. therefore, stand ready to welcome these 
strangers to 'hospitable graves.' :md if they attack us we will 
defeat them and after the victory will have better quarters at 
Fort Monroe and Newport News" Prince John was a great 
success as a "dust raiser," but got sidetracked too early in 
the war to show his real merit. 

Vol I'M! V . "( »i 1 u 1 \i. Ki 1 ORDS "' 

Annexation of Virginia East Shore to Maryland. — General 
Lockwood, U. S A., wrote to General Dix from Drummond- 
town, Va„ as follows: "I am happy to inform you that a 
readiness is manifested to declare the allegiance of this part 
of Virginia to the Federal government, and all with whom 
1 have conversed look to an annexation with Maryland as an 
event much to be desired." He had evidently conversed with 
some of those who blew both hot and cold 

Premature Assurance. — Secretary Benjamin wrote Gen. J. 
F. Johnston : "News from Europe to-day assures us of :i 
very early recognition of our independence and the breaking 
of the blockade." This news, however, came by "grapevine " 

A Staggering Blo-a: — Gen. II. A. Wise wrote General Lee 
that Beauregard's victory and his (Wise's) escape had stag- 
gered the enemy to .1 "standstill." General Wise was quiti 
.1 unique character and a master quarreler, but was 1 
cock and was at Appomattox for the finish. 

Militant Congressman. — Gen. 0. 0. Howard reported that 
hn Calverl County, Md„ he arrested the Hon. Augustus k 
Sollers. ex-member of Congress, who used the most violent 
and treasonable language and drew a large knife with which 
he cut from right to left. Ho was secured, however, but was 
immediately taken so ill with gout that he had to be left on 
parole. That "ex" must have had the gout on tap 

Confusion in Command. — Capt F. C. lleth. C S A., re- 
ported that at Winchester. Va., he found brigadiers in com- 
mand of regiments, colonels in command of companies, and 



captains in command of squads and suggested the propriety 
of consolidating regiments and companies so as to rid them 
of supernumerary officers and the Confederacy of unneces- 
sary expense. It is unnecessary to state that when Gen. 
Stonewall Jackson was sent to the Valley this condition was 
soon changed. 

Premature Expectations— An anonymous letter to J 1'. 
Benjamin stated that the Yankees expected to be in Rich- 
mond before two weeks were over and that a meaner set of 
devils than Butler and Burnside never lived ; that they would 
do anything to succeed — burn cities, murder men, women, and 
children, and do "every other wicked thing they can if by so 
can raise themselves one buttonhole higher with 
the rest ■•< the Northern Yankee devils" There were a good 
many Yankees in Richmond before the two weeks were over, 
hut not in the roll of 1 onqueroi • 

Battle /-/iic of the Confederacy. — On November 24, 1861, 

inl issued the following order: "In tin 
of an action with the enemy the new battle flag recently is- 
sued will alone be carried on the field. Meantime com- 
manders will accustom their men to the flag, so that they 
may be thoroughly acquainted with it." Ibis was the flag 
that replaced the Stars and Bars in battle 

Hardships in '61. — President Davis wrote that hi' had re- 
ceived a telegram from General Beauregard which stated thai 
some of bis regiments were without food. An addendum was 
attached by .1 commissary that they had everything hut hard 
bread and bacon and that they were offered flour and heef 
in abundance These same complainers lived on apple- and 
green com later in the wai and mule no kick on the fare. 

/ Big Killing, — General Wise reported that one shot from 
his howitzer killed and wounded sixty Yankees, and added 

It is certain tli.it one gun did very good execution" It cer- 
tainly did 

Stale of Kanawha. General Floyd, C. S \. writes "The 
pretended new State of Kanawha. I". S. A. for whose ex- 
istence a regular poll is to be taken, comprises the southern 
as well as the northern half of the valley. The presence of 
the Confederate troops in its territory will effectually de- 
stroy all appearance of legality in the proceedings" It was 
legally made the State of West Virginia, however. 

Proclamation. — Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, the acknowledged 
shining light of the war in a certain kind of tactics, was also 
a silver-tongued orator, as this order issued by him will show 
"Soldiers, your country calls you to the defense of the 
noblest of human causes. To the indomitable courage al- 
ready exhibited on the battle field you have added the 
virtues of high endurance, cheerful ohediem c. and sell 
fice. By your valor and firmness you have kept the enemy in 
check until the nations of the earth have been forced to see 
in us an empire of confederated States, a population enjoying 
all the comforts of life, and a citizen soldiery who laugh to 
scorn the threats of subjugation. The enemies of your coun- 
try, as well as her friends, are watching with tremulous in- 
terest your actions. Your decision, he it for honor or dis- 
honor, will be written down in history. You cannot, will 
not draw hack at this solemn crisis of our struggle, when 
all that is heroic in the land is engaged and all that is pre- 
cious hangs trembling in the balance." This was brought 
forth by the fact that practically his entire army's time for 
service was about to expire, but they stayed and would have 
done so, oration or no oration. 



i22 Confederate l/efcerao. 

XHnitet) ^Daughters of tbe Confederacy 

Mrs. Cordelia Powell Odeniieimer, President General 
Washington, D. C. 



Mrs. J. H. Stewart, Los Angeles, Cal First Vice President Genera! 

Mrs. L. M. Basiiinsky, Troy, Ala Second Vice President General 

Mrs. Lulu A. Lovell, Denver, Colo Third Vice President General 

Mrs. W, C. N. Merchant, Chatham, Va Recording Secretary Genera/ 

Mrs, Lutib Hailey Walcott, Ardmore, Okla, Cor. Secretary General 



Mrs. A. A. Campbell, Wytheville, Va., Official Editor. 



Mrs. R. E. Little, "Wadesboro, S.C Treasurer General 

Mrs. S. E. F. ROSE, West Point, Miss Historian General 

Mrs. J. Nohmknt Powell, Johnson City, Tenn Registrar General 

MrSi E. T. Sells, Columbus, Ohio Custodian of Crosses 

Mrs. Frank ANTHONY WALKS, Norfolk, Va.. Custodian Flags and Pennants 



" ^Cotter *?//aAcs 9//ar*tory &fernaf " 



FROM THE PRESIDENT GENERAL. 

Dear Daughters: Immediately upon the severance of diplo- 
matic relations with Germany, and with the possibility of thi- 
nation's becoming involved in war. I tendered to PresiderM 
Wilson the services of the United Daughters of the Confed- 
eracy in whatever capacity they may be available 

On February I attended a meeting under the auspices of 
the Red Cross in Washington, D. C, "for the purpose of 
mobilizing the womanhood of the United States for the sen- 
ice for which it is best fitted in time of war or other national 
emergency and banding women into practical and easily- 
handled units." Over a thousand women were present, to 
whom I repeated our offer of aid to the country. Mrs. James 
Mulcare, President of the Division, called a meeting of the 
District of Columbia Daughters in furtherance of this pur- 
pose ; and the members of the Ransom-Sherrill Chapter, of 
Newton, N. C, had already pledged their services. 

Reference to the minutes will expose the error of the 
statement made by Dr. Henry E. Shepherd, of Baltimore, Md., 
in the February Veteran, that "in the tributes to their dead 
of 1916 by the United Daughters of the Confederacy at their 
recent convention in Dallas, Tex., the name of Miss Kate 
Mason Rowland is passed over in absolute silence." 

Your attention is called to the unusually practical and com- 
prehensive "Historic Yearbook" prepared by our Historian 
General, Mrs. S. E. F. Rose, and I urge both the Daughters 
and the Children of the Confederacy to give the programs 
contained therein careful study. Further, in order to insure 
correct history I wish to impress upon you the ruling that 
all books must bear the stamp of approval of our Committee 
on Indorsement of Books before their sale is undertaken by 
our Chapters. 

Miss Pearce, 1221 Massachusetts Avenue N. W., Washing- 
ton, D. C, informs me that she has in her possession a U. D. 
C. pin with the name of Miss Eva Claiborn on it, which was 
found about two years ago on the aviation field at Newport 
News, Va., and which she will be glad to return to its right- 
ful owner. 

While it would have given me pleasure to accept any of 
the several invitations extended me for January 19, I re- 
sponded to that of the Lee-Jackson Chapter, of Lillian, in 
Northeast Virginia, and feel greatly encouraged by my trip, 
for I have never seen a more capable and enthusiastic num- 
ber of women than this little band, without railroad facilities 
and nearly surrounded by water. A true U. D. C. spirit per- 
vaded the air from the time I landed at the wharf until I 
took the boat to return. My visit included an invitation to 
address the two hundred and fifty boys and girls of the high 
school at Reedville, on the walls of which hung the portraits 
of Generals Lee and Jackson ; a reception at Lillian on the 



18th and an all-day celebration at Reedville on the 19th, which 
were attended by Daughters, Veterans, and Sons of Veterans, 
who came from five to twenty miles by water and over country 
roads. The Lee-Jackson Chapter carried off Virginia*s his- 
torical banner in 1916, and other Divisions will have in it a 
worthy competitor to contend against in this year's U. D. C. 
historical contest. 

In passing through New York on January 13 I received at 
the very handsome reception given by Mrs. James Henry 
Parker at the Hotel Astor in honor of the New York Divi- 
sion. On January 16 I represented you at the twelfth annual 
meeting of the Navy League of the United States, to which 
I was also a delegate. January 17 I received with the Dixie 
Chapter, Washington, D. C. January 27 I represented you 
at the Congress of Constructive Patriotism, Washington, D. 
C. And on February 1 I received with the Robert E. Lee 
Chapter in honor of the Confederate Veterans and the Divi- 
sion President, Mrs. James Mulcare. I was unable to receive 
with the Winnie Davis Chapter on February 3 or at the 
Southern Relief Ball, February 5, Washington, D. C. 

I again urge your prompt and liberal contributions to the 
E. K. Trader and Red Cross window funds. We pledged 
our support to Mrs. Trader in 1912. She has returned to her 
home here, and her daughter has resumed the duties of her 
position ; but our aid is needed and should be generously 
given. The government will not permit the Red Cross win- 
clow to be placed until it is paid for; and the time before the 
Confederate Veteran Reunion in June, when it is desired to 
have it unveiled, is all too short to permit of any delay. 
Fortunately, no new undertakings were pledged by the Dallas 
convention, and we should be able to readily clear our slate 
of those, pledges previously entered into. 

Mrs. Eugene Little, Treasurer General, informs me that 
she has sent Mr. Streater $481.25; and Mrs. Bibb Graves, 
Chairman of Confederate Seals, states that she has turned 
over to her treasurer one thousand dollars received from S. 
H. Kress & Company, which is all, I am advised, that has been 
received for the Arlington Monument Fund since the Dallas 
convention. I beg you to redeem your pledges for this 
monument at that convention, so that Mrs. James Henry 
Parker may be enabled to make up the balance, which was so 
generously pledged by her, and Sir Moses Ezekiel be paid in 
full. Mrs. Little also informs me that she has $2,087.34 f° r 
the Red Cross window, but has received no report from Mrs. 
Kimbrough. 

Please bear in mind that our Treasurer General is bonded 
and her accounts are audited yearly by a certified accountant. 
ma that every cent of money collected for any purpose of our 
general organization must be sent to her with directions for 
its distribution. Your per capita tax is due in the general 
ireasurv March 1. Tf you desire the "Minutes of the Conven- 



Qopfederat^ 1/eteraQ. 



i 2 3 



tion," other than those sent to your Chapter, they can be 
gotten from Mrs. W. C. N. Merchant, Recording Secretary 
i ieneral, Chatham, Va., as long as they last, for fifteen cei 
the cost of postage. Owing to the impossibility of securing 
the proper paper, the Minutes were not gotten out on sched- 
ule time, and the same reason also held back your U. D. C. 
certificates. There are five thousand of the latter now ready 
for you. 

There was no woman better known in U. D. C. circles than 
Mrs. C. D. Merwin, President of the Stonewall Jackson 
Chapter and formerly President of the District of Columbia 
Division, whose death occurred last month. There also oc- 
curred last month the death of Col. William H. Knauss, at 
Columbus, Ohio. A wreath of flowers was sent by the 
United Daughters of the Confederacy, who were represented 
at the funeral by Mrs. Elizabeth T. Sells. 

When a danger as alarming as our country has ever faced 
is imminent, when our President is carrying a burden as great 
as ever pressed upon the shoulders of any ruler, 1 urge you. 
Daughters of the Confederacy, to loyally stand by him and to 
prepare yourselves to render service in any emergency that 
may occur. 

Faithfullv vours. Cordelta Powell Odenheimer. 



MESSAGE FROM THE RECORDISC, SECRETARY 
GENERAL. 

Dear Daughters of the Confederacy: In the report of youi 
Recording Secretary General at the San Francisco conveiitio 1 
in 1915 she made this request: "Again it is most important 
to impress upon Chapters the necessity of not sending stamps 
and, when other officers than the President write, to always 
give name of the Chapter President, name of Chapter, ami 
post office." That request was made more than a year ago. 
and I suspect some of us have forgotten it. May I just re- 
mind you and ask that you will comply with it, when possible, 
for the sake of the one whom you have seen fit to honor with 
this high office? 

Cordially. Maude E. Merchant. 

!<■-, ording Secretary General. 



KliSTVCKY—THE JEFFERSON DAVIS 
MEMORIAL. 

BY MRS. 1' K. WEST, PRESIDENT CHRISTIAN COUNTY CHAPTER, 
HOPKINSVILLE. 

Christian County Chapter has had a very unique and very 
satisfactory tag day for raising funds for the Jefferson Davis 
Memorial, so soon to be dedicated at Fairview, Ky. One 
hundred dollars was raised by these loyal Daughters in about 
three or four hours of real pleasure. As we made the people 
feel that they were getting their money's worth by presenting 
each contributor with a beautiful painting of the home of 
Jefferson Davis, they were all happy over such a valued 
souvenir of the day and over the fact that they had contributed 
to this great cause Therefore our tag day was both unique 
and very successful. 

There is no more worthy cause than the perpetuation of 
Southern history by honoring the birthplace of the Confeder- 
acy's President with a memorial that shall be in keeping with 
that to the idol of the North, Abraham Lincoln. Gen. Ben- 
nett H. Young, President of the Jefferson Davis Home Asso- 
ciation, urges every U. D. C. Chapter to contribute to this 
fund. Let me Suggest thai the yi\ iii.l; of tins beautiful painting 



of the birthplace of Mr. Davis to every contributor to a 
Jefferson Davis Memorial Fund is the easiest and most 
pleasant way that we have ever made money for our Chapter. 
Other Chapters that are interested and desire to have their 
treasuries reimbursed will certainly find it worth their while 
to investigate our method. We will gladly tell just how we 
did it. Larger cities could thus make handsome sums for this 
memorial. 



THE ALABAMA DIVISION. 

MRS. C. S. m'i>OWE1.L. JR.. EDITOR, EUFAULA. 

It is wit deep sorrow that the Alabama Division records the 
death of one of her dearly-loved Honorary Life Presidents, 
Mrs. A. M. Allen. She died on January 20 at her home, in 
Montgomery, where she was loved by all who knew her. 
Although eighty-four years old, she had been remarkably 
active and well preserved until very recently. She was a 
typical Southern gentlewoman, and the sweetness of her nature 
and the beauty of her character have made her life a blessing 
and a joy to all who came within its influence. 

Mrs. Bibb Graves. President of the Alabama Division, has 
been for some time in Texas, where she has gone to be with 
her husband, a lieutenant colonel with the Alabama troops 
stationed dure We feel lost »nh our dear lead 
away; but, with her characteristic energy and system, the 
work of the Division goes steadily on. She will return in 
time to prepare for the May convention, which meets this 
year in Sclma, and the Daughters are looking forward with 
pleasant anticipations to the meeting in this beautiful city. 
During the convention several markers of Selma's historic 
spots will be unveiled. 

CONI'ENTION PLEDGES. 

B) order of our President General. Mrs. Odenheimer, 1 
am now asking that you send me as promptly as possible 
your pledges and contributions for the Arlington, Red Cross, 
and Trader bunds, the need for each being pressing. No one 
of us would be willing to go to Washington with Arlington 
Monument, one of the grandest on earth, and our beautiful 
Red Cross window unpaid for. Dear old Mrs. Trader's 
trembling notes of receipt for the small sums 1 have to send 
her would inspire us all to further help. She and her daugh- 
ter are most appreciative. 

Believe me at all times gladly and faithfully at your service 
Mrs. Eugene Little, Treasurer General U D ( 



Till NEW YORK DIVISION. 

1CV MRS. .1. I'. BEALE, HISTORIAN, NEW YORK cm. 

The following invitation was sent out about the lust of 
January : 

"Mrs. Parker requests the pleasure of \our company at a 
reception in honor of the New York Division, United Daugh- 
ters of the Confederacy, on Saturday, the thirteenth of Jan- 
uary, from four until seven o'clock, at the Hotel Astor." 

Mrs Parker's mother, Mrs. Augustus Jones, stood with her 
to welcome the guests. The three Vice Presidents of the 
Division were invited to assist the President in receiving, but 
only the First Vice President. Mrs. Alfred Cochran, was 
present. There was a pleasant surprise during tin afternoon 
when Mis Odenheimer, President General I". D. C. to 
position in the receiving line. She was only passing through 
New York, and her presence, though only for a short time, 
ga\ e much pleasure. 



124 



Qopfederat:^ l/eterap. 



Sweet music was discoursed during the afternoon by Mr. 
Don Richardson's Southern Band. "Dixie," "Old Black Joe," 
"Suwanee River," "Old Kentucky Home," "Lorena," "All Is 
Quiet along the Potomac To-Night," and other airs dear to 
a Southerner's heart were rendered. Many prominent people 
were present, including presidents of various New York 
clubs and members and associate members of the U. D. C. 
Delightful refreshments were served. Mrs. Parker's annual 
receptions are looked forward to with genuine pleasure by all 
the Daughters. 



THE TENNESSEE DIVISION. 

l:\ MISS MARGARET B0YLES, FAVETTEVILLE. 

Among the many honors which have come this year to the 
Tennessee Division in recognition of its exceptional personnel 
is that which has recently fallen upon Mrs. W. T. Davis, who 
has been chosen by Mrs. Odenheimer, President General, to 
serve with Miss Mildred Rutherford, Chairman of the Na- 
tional Committee on Southern Literature. Mrs. Davis's ap- 
pointment is a source of deep and universal satisfaction. 
Mrs. Odenheimer has displayed her customary good judgment 
in her choice of Mrs. Davis, who has served with honor in 
many U. D. C. offices of trust. For several years she has 
been President of one of the Division's prominent Chapters. 
William B. Bate, of Nashville; for two years she was the 
Division Historian, in which capacity she established an un- 
usual record in stimulating historical research; and she has 
been very active as a member of the State Educational Com- 
mittee. Miss Rutherford and Mrs. Davis compose this com- 
mittee, and it will be their duty to examine all books, records, 
and plays regarding Southern history and all books to be 
placed in schools and public libraries. The judging of essays 
in literary contests will also come under their supervision. 

Combining the celebration of the Lee and Jackson anniver- 
saries, as have other Chapters, Knoxville Chapter gave both 
a morning and an evening program. Featuring the morning 
program, held at the City High School, was the presentation 
of a portrait of Gen. Robert E. Lee. The portrait was painted 
by Lloyd Branson as a gift to the Chapter, which in turn 
gave it to the school. Mrs. W. M. Goodman made the presen- 
tation speech. The gift was accepted by the President of the 
School Board, S. G. Heiskell, who, though the son of a 
Union soldier, made a wonderfully appealing address in which 
he emphasized the principles for which the U. D. C. stand. 
The leading speaker of the evening was Col. L. D. Tyson, 
who in his brilliant address pleaded for a wider and stronger 
recognition of Jefferson Davis, the Confederacy's President. 

The excellent yearbook of the Knoxville Chapter outlines 
a series of studies upon various phases of Southern life and 
hints at the unlimited possibilities of the South as a basis of 
study. 

In celebrating the one hundred and tenth anniversary of 
Robert E. Lee, the Col. John R. Neal Chapter, of Spring 
City, emphasized the thought that while Lee was Southern to 
the core, his genius, his goodness, and his greatness placed 
him apart as a man of his race, a leader of all humanity. 

An interesting piece of work just completed by the Gen. 
John C. Vaughn Chapter, of Sweetwater, is a roster of the 
the twenty companies furnished by the county to the Confed- 
erate army. These lists have been gotten with much labor 
and from a valuable record. This Chapter has recently been 
the recipient of a highly-prized gift, the regimental flag of 
the 62d Tennessee. It was presented by the late Adjt. John 



Triplett, who, at the surrender of Vicksburg, wound the flag 
around his body, put his coat on over it, and laid down his 
arms with his regiment. The flag was never surrendered. 
For conspicuous gallantry during the siege of Vicksburg the 
f>2d was allowed to have inscribed on this flag the word 
"Vicksburg." 

Sarah Law Chapter, of Memphis, will on June 2 celebrate 
its twentieth anniversary. It was organized in 1897 and has 
had only four presidents — Mrs. T. J. Latham, Mrs. Carrington 
Mason, Mrs. Jere Watkins Clapp, and Mrs. W. C. Schwal- 
meyer — all leaders to whom is due much of the greatness and 
goodness and generosity of Sarah Law Chapter. This Chap- 
ter has been very fortunate in its ability to secure prominent 
speakers for its historical meetings, in which interest is thus 
constantly stimulated. 

For more than two years Stanton Chapter has derived the 
greatest pleasure from its monthly correspondence with one 
of the, veterans of the Soldiers' Home. His letters are read 
aloud at the Chapter meetings, and each month a different 
member of the Chapter is appointed to reply. Nor does the 
thoughtfulness of the Chapter stop here. Frequent surprise 
packages are sent him, and he also receives a daily newspaper 
from the same source. Stanton Chapter's good works are 
not only humanitarian, but intellectual, as it has for two 
years won the Division Historical Banner and is using every 
effort to capture it again. 

Jefferson Davis Chapter, of Cleveland, is this year stress- 
ing its educational work, in which its entire membership is 
enthusiastically interested. Its Chapter meetings are educa- 
tional in themselves, being largely devoted to a study of 
Southern history. Essay contests will be held in the various 
schools of the city, the subject being "Southern Heroes." 
Realizing their exceptional historical value to young people, 
the Chapter has placed in the school libraries of Cleveland 
copies of Miss Rutherford's several convention addresses. 
These addresses, presenting the absolute truth of Southern 
history, never fail to arouse the deepest interest of the boys 
and girls in whose hands they are placed. Bound volumes of 
the addresses to date form an invaluable gift to schools with- 
in the reach of every Chapter. 

The social activities of the Agnes L. Whiteside Chapter, of 
Shelbyville, centered upon their recent entertainment of the 
Tennessee Division of Confederate Veterans, delegates to 
which numbered about one hundred and fifty. The Boy 
Scouts gave interested and active support to the Chapter, and 
the sight of the boys in khaki marching beside the gray- 
haired "boys" in gray was not without pathos. This Chapter 
has several scholarships in the schools of Shelbyville to its 
credit. They are being used to advantage this year. Medals 
are also offered in essay contests. 

Through the influence of Gen. A. P. Stewart Chapter, of 
Chattanooga, Lee's birthday was celebrated in seventy county 
schools besides the city schools — a splendid impetus given the 
young people of Hamilton County for the study of the South's 
hero. The veterans and Daughters also held a joint celebra- 
tion at the Hotel Patten, with several addresses and patriotic 
songs. During the holidays an oyster supper and an evening 
of songs was given the veterans of Chattanooga by the Chap- 
ter. With an enrollment of two hundred and sixty-nine last 
year, Gen. A. P. Stewart reports a number of new members. 

John W. Thomas Chapter, of Monteagle, though small in 
numbers, is working enthusiastically along all the lines of 
Division activity. Lee's birthday was observed with a beauti- 
ful program. 



Qopfederat^ l/eterar). 



125 



^istonral Skpartment II. S. (£. 



Motto: "Loyalty to the truth of Confederate history." 
Key word : "Preparedness." Flower : The Rose. 

MRS. S. E. F. ROSE. HISTORIAN GENERAL, U. D. C. 

Please let this be a personal talk with you, coming direct 
from one who wishes intensely to impress upon you the im- 
portance of living up to the keyword of our Historical De- 
partment, "Preparedness." This means, of course, prepared- 
ness in Southern history — to be prepared to tell, to teach, to 
discuss our history at all times and all places. Although 
handicapped by ill health ever since my election as your 
Historian General, I have labored hard to plan the historical 
work, but I know how useless this will all prove without your 
earnest and constant cooperation. Let me urge you to 
greater efforts to carry on the work during the coming weeks, 
for my physical condition demands that I go off for treat 
tneiit ; so I shall be unable to answer any letters during 
March, perhaps longer. 

Ail necessary information has been prepared for you in 
the yearbooks — list of reference hooks and where obtained 
(you have only to write to the publishing houses for prices) . 
all rules and details will be found there; also about the Raines 
Banner, Rose Loving Cup, and Mildred Rutherford Medal 
Contest. Study these carefully and let the Chapters entei 
at least one of these contests. In addition, it would he well 
for Chapters to offer prizes -books, medals, or small amounts 
of money — for the best historical work done by a member. 

I am proud to announce this month two splendid new con- 
tests — the Youree Prize of twenty dollars in gold for the 
most valuable reminiscences from Confederate veterans and 
women of the Confederacy and the Andrews Medal for the 
best answers to the "Fifty Test Questions in History." Print- 
ed lists of these questions and rules of these contests will be 
sent to all State Historians for their Chapters by March 1. 
If you do not receive them, write your State Historian, nol 
your Historian General. I am a great believer in these con- 
tests, for whenever you introduce the competitive element 
interest is at once aroused. 

In order to keep up with the historical work it is absolute!) 
essential for you to have the Confederate Veteran each 
month and read the Historian General's page. While it would 
be impossible for me to write each member, through the Vet- 
eran I can communicate with each one each month. So In- 
sure to take the Veteran. 

Remember Shiloh Day, April 6, and have exercises on that 
day, preferably in schools. Tell the children all about that 
great battle. Remember also Memorial Day, April 26. This 
has been called the "Sabbath of the South." Remember to 
say "Memorial Day," not "Decoration Day." My heart's 
desire is that each Daughter may feel that she has taken a 
step forward this year in the knowledge of Southern history. 
Will you not do your part? 



U. D. C. PROGRAM FOR APRIL, 1917 

Tories for April Papers: Events of 1861. 

April 6, Shiloh Day; April 26, Memorial Day. 

Battle of Bull Run, or First Manassas, July 21. Describe 

this important battle, giving names of opposing commanders 



and result. Remember it was 111 this battle that Jackson re- 
ceived his famous sobriquet, "Stonewall." Who gave it to 
him ? 

Give brief accounts of these battles: Wilson's Creek, Mo.. 
August 1; Lexington, Mo., September 19; Ball's Bluff, Va., 
October 21. 

Tell of the Trent Affair, November 8. 

Missouri passed an Act of Secession by the Legislature at 
Xeosho, Newton County, Mo., October 28, 1861 ; Claiborne F. 
Jackson, Governor. 

Kentucky passed an Ordinance of Secession at a convention 
held at Russellville, Kv , November 20. 1861 ; George W. John- 
son, Governor. 

Tell of their admission as Confederate States. 

"Maryland, My Maryland." Tell of her loyalty and relation 
to the Confederate movement. 

Round-table discussion: What were the effects of the block- 
ade at this time? Summarize the conditions at the close of 
the first year of the war, 1861. 

References: "The South in the Building of the Nation," 
Volumes 1.. 11.. and 111.. "Confederate Military History." 
Volume IX 



t. OF C. PROGRAM FOR APRIL. 1917. 
April 0. Shiloh Hay. April 26, Memorial Day. 

fell ot the engagement at Hit; Bethel. Where was this? 

What was the tirst important battle of the war, where and 
when fought, ami who were the opposing commanders? Re- 
member. Jackson received the name of "Stonewall" in this 

battle. 

\\ .is tins a Confederate victor) 

Which was the larger, tin Southern or Northern arm] ? 

Winn was the blockade established, by whom, and what 
« as it doing for the South? 

Who wen Mason and Slidell? and what happened to rhe'm : 
1 Pages 280. jQO.) 

I Ml of the foregoing events happened in 1801.1 

"Grandmother's Stories about the War." 

Song: "The Homespun Dress." (Sing to the tune of Bon- 
nie Blue Flag" and always feel proud of being a Southern 
yirl or boy.) 

Reference: "Brief Historj of the United States." Andrews. 
Chapter XII 



HISTORICAL CONTESTS FOR 1917 

Raines Banner, given for best collection of historical papers 
on topics given in the Yearbook. 

Rose Loving Cup, given for the best essay on a subject of 
Southern history. Subject for 1917, "The Southern Confed- 
eracy." 

Mildred Rutherford Medal, given lor best historical report 
1 rom a Chapter where there is no Division or from a Division 
consisting of a few Chapters. 

See Yearbook for rules and all details of the above contests. 

Youree Prize, twenty dollars in gold, given for the most 
valuable reminiscences from Confederate veterans and women 
of the Confederacy. 1 en dollars will be given to the Chapter 
sending the most valuable historical reminiscence from a 
Confederate veteran. Ten dollars will be given to the Chap- 
ter sending in the most valuable reminiscence from a woman 
of the Confederacy Phis prize is the personal gift of Mrs. 



126 



Qoi)federat^ l/eterai). 



Peter Yourec, oi Louisiana, to secure this valuable unwritten 
history which in a few years it will be impossible to obtain. 

Rules: i. Reminiscences must bear full name and record of 
Confederate veteran or woman of the Confederacy sending 
it in. 

2. Reminiscences must come through the Chapters and be 
sent to State Historians, who will select the best three sub- 
mitted to her and send them to the Historial General not 
later than August I, 1917. 

3. Reminiscences sent to the Historian General must be 
typewritten, must bear the name of the Chapter and Division 
sending it, and only three can be sent from a Division or 
Chapter where there is no Division. 

Andrews Medal, to be given for the most correct answers 
to the "Test Questions in History." This medal is given by 
the author, Matthew Page Andrews, as a memorial to his 
mother, Anna Robinson Andrews. 

Rules: I. All answers must be sent to State Historians, 
who will select the three best lists of answers sent to her 
and send them to the Historian General not later than August 
1, 1917. 

2. All lists or answers must be typewritten before sending 
to the Historian General and must bear the name of the 
Chapter, Division, and writer. 

3. Only three lists may be sent from a Division or Chapter 
where there is no Division. In case of a tie, the list first 
received by the Historian General will have precedence. 

4. Answers must be expressed in as few words as will make 
the meaning clear. 

All these awards will be made 011 Historical Evening during 
the next annual convention, meeting in November at Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn. 



OFFICIAL STATIONERS, U. D. C. 

Daughters of the Confederacy: After due consideration and 
consulting many engraving firms, your Stationery Committee 
has decided that the best interests of the organization will 
be served by a change of official stationers. By this decision 
French & Sons, Chicago, are no longer the official U. D. C. 
stationers, but the work has been given to Edwards & Brough- 
ton, Raleigh, N. C. 

General officers, Division officers, and Chapters are re- 
quested to note this change. Hereafter stationery can be 
ordered by the quire, our engravers not requiring five quires 
as necessary to an order. Prices sent on application to these 
stationers or to your chairman, and orders sent to either of 
these parties will receive prompt attention. 

Mrs. F. M. Williams, 
Chairman V. D. C. Stationery Committee. 



PRINTING MISS RUTHERFORD'S ADDRESS— A 
CORRECTION. 

The article referring to the pledges given at the Dallas 
convention for the printing of Miss Rutherford's address. 
"The Civilization of the Old South" (page 89, February 
Veteran), contains several very grave errors and at the same 
time reflects very seriously upon your then Recording Secre- 
tary General as reporting one amount on her list of pledges 
and announcing another from the rostrum. With this be- 
fore me. I feel that in justice to our President General and 



myself this reply should be given. In reading it over Daugh- 
ters are requested to bear in mind that the writer was the 
Recording Secretary who took down those pledges, that she 
has in her possession the original tally sheets, also the very 
voluminous verbatim minutes of the Dallas convention. 

In the first paragraph are two misstatements. Here Mrs. 
Eakins's motion is said to state that "these contributions were 
to be sent direct to Miss Rutherford." That was not Mrs. 
Eakins's motion as shown by verbatim minutes. Her motion 
was that "these subscriptions be turned over to Miss Ruth- 
erford." Turned over by whom? By the Treasurer General, 
and Miss Rutherford to spend as she sees fit, not being 
obliged to send her bills to the President General to "O. K." 
All moneys must be sent to the Treasurer General, is the 
law. (See San Francisco Minutes, page 54.) Again, the 
same paragraph says : "The President General and Recording 
Secretary General called a halt while yet a long line stood 
eager to give." This, again, is not correct. There had been 
much discussion as to how much the cost of this printing 
would be, but no decision. The Recording Secretary, after 
writing the last pledge on the tally sheet, asked several times : 
"Any more?" When no more came she called over the en- 
tire list, making several corrections in names and placing 
Mrs. Townsend's name at the head of the list, as requested. 
She then recalled tzvice, to be absolutely sure that the tally 
sheets were correct, after which the sheets were turned over 
to the stenographer and another person to add. While this 
was being done a great deal of discussion took place as to 
the disposition of this money, and, at Miss Rutherford's re- 
quest that it be left to her to decide, Mrs. Eakins made her 
motion. The minutes show that after this discussion the 
Recording Secretary announced the amount pledged to be 
$S92. There is no mention in the verbatim minutes of any 
$612 or $630 being announced from the rostrum. It was not 
done, nor were any but the amounts printed in the February 
Veteran given to the Recording Secretary General. Miss 
Rutherford was written exactly what the minutes recorded, 
that the Recording Secretary did not announce any amount 
but the $592 at the time this list published was sent her. 

Sincerely, Fannie Ransom Williams, 

Recording Secretary General, Dallas Convention. 

Additional Payments on Contributions for Printing 
Reported by Miss Rutherford. 

Check received from Mrs. Eugene Little, Treasurer 
General, December 30, 1916 (reported in February 

Veteran) $175 

January 16, 1917, Mrs. S. M. Ward, Nashville, Tenn 5 

January 16, William B. Bate Chapter, Nashville, Tenn... 5 

January 22, Bessemer, Ala., Chapter 5 

January 22, Dallas Chapter 25 

January 29, C. S. A. Chapter, Dallas, Tex 100 

February 7, Georgia Division 25 

February 7, North Carolina Division 25 

Total received $365 

Cost of printing speech $519 20 

Balance still due 154 20 

This will leave nothing for cost of distributing. Miss 
Rutherford asks that all contributions pledged be sent in 
promptly, and those desiring to aid further will please send 
in contributions, so the General Treasury will not have to 
bear the expense of distribution. 



^oi)federat^ Ueterai). 



127 



Confeberateb Southern /Ifoemorial association 



lbs. W. J. Bbhan President 

New Orleans, La. 

Mrs. John E. Maxwell Treasurer 

Seale, Ala. 

Miss Daisy M. L. Hodgson Recording Secretary 

7909 Sycamore Street, New Orleans, La. 

Miss Mary A. Hall Historian 

1105H Broad Street, Augusta, Ga. 

Mrs. J. Entjers Robinson Corresponding Secretary 

1 13 Third Street South, Richmond, Va. 

Mrs. Virginia Frazer Boylh Poet Laureate 

1045 Union Avenue, Memphis, Tenn. 

Next Convention to be held in 




VICE PRESIDENTS 

Alabama — Montgomery Mrs. R. P. Dexter 

Arkansas — Fayetteville Mrs. J. Garside Welch 

Florida — Pensacola Mrs. Horace L. Simpson 

Georgia — Atlanta Mrs. A. McD. Wilson 

LOUISIANA — New Orleans Mrs. James Dinklns 

Mississippi — Vicksburg Mrs. E. C. Carroll 

MlssofRl— St. Louis Mrs. G. K. Warner 

North Carolina — Raleigh Mrs. Rohert H. Jones- 

South Carolina — Charleston Mrs. S. Cary Beckwltb 

Tennessee — Memphis Mrs. Charles W. Frazav 

Virginia — Front Royal Mrs. S. M. DavlG-Roj 

Wathintton. D. C. 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL CONVENTION. 

New Orleans, January 26, 1917. 

The Eighteenth Annual Convention of the Confederated 
Southern Memorial Association will lie held in Washington, 
D. C, June 4, 5, 6, and 7. 1917. 

The Memorial Associations of the South have met three 
times in the State of Alabama, the State in which the South- 
ern Confederacy was inaugurated. Three conventions have 
heen held in Richmond, Va., the historic capital of the Con- 
federate States of America; and now, in 1017, more than half 
a century after the close of the gigantic struggle between tin 
States, the women of the Confederacy, members of Memo 
rial Associations, are invited to meet in Washington, tin 
capital of our reunited country. 

This invitation strikes the keynote of true American fel- 
lowship and cements more firmly the bond of union existing 
between the people of the North and the South. 

Washington is the most interesting and the most beautiful 

(city in America. Among its principal points of interest is 
the Red Cross Memorial Building, now iti course of construe 
tion. It is a memorial to the women of the North and the 
South during the War between the States. In the assembly 
room of this building will be placed a testimonial of love and 
reverence to the women of the Confederacy. This testimo- 
nial is the gift of the Memorial Associations of the South 
and will be in the form of a President's chair, to be used by 
the President of the United States when he presides at meet- 
ings of the Red Cross Society. 

Another point of interest: Just outside of the city limits is 
the Washington Aqueduct, better known as "Cabin John 
Bridge." This bridge was begun in 1853 under the adminis- 
tration "i Franklin Pierce, President of the United States, 
and while Jefferson Davis was Secretary of War. It is a 
matter of pride to the Confederated Southern Memorial 
Association and may be regarded as a triumph of its efforts 
to find that the name of Jefferson Davis was restored by the 
United States government in 1909 to the place on the tablet 
from which it had been erased in 1802 when sectional let ling 

was so intense 

Still another point of interest is Arlington, the former 
home of General Lee, now Arlington Cemetery, where many 
Southern heroes are buried. 

Of the early work of the old Memorial Associations too 
much cannot be said. These were the women to whom 
President Davis referred in his dedication of the "Rise and 
Fall of the Confederate Government": 



"To 

The women of the Confederacy, 

Whose pious ministrations to our wounded soldiers 

Soothed the last hours of those 

Who died far from the objects of their tenderest love; 

Whose domestic labors 

Contributed much to supply the wants of our defenders in the 

field ; 

Whose zealous faith in our cause 

Shone a guiding star undimmed by the darkest clouds of war; 

Whose fortitude 

Sustained them under all the privations to which they were 

subjected ; 

Whose annual tribute 

Expresses their enduring grief, love, and reverence 

For our sacred dead ; 

and 

Whose patriotism 

Will teach their children 

I o emulate the deeds of our Revolutionary sires." 

Every Memorial woman is proud of the honor thus con- 
ferred upon her by Jefferson Davis. His beautiful and sym- 
pathetic words have been an inspiration to greater and nobler 
deeds. 

We appreciate the privilege of meeting at the same time 
and place as the United Confederate Veterans and to be a 
part of that grand remnant of the armies of Lee, Jackson, 
Beauregard. Johnston. Longstreet, J. E. B. Stuart, Forrest, 
and other great leaders. 

Great preparations are being made by the city of Washing- 
ton for the entertainment of the veteran men and women of 
the Confederacy. 

The President General hopes there will he a large repre- 
sentation from Memorial Associations. The fact that the 
convention will he held in the capital of the United States 
and that we have a Southern man as President should be a 
great incentive to overcome all difficulties and to be present 
in large numbers. Mrs. W. J. Behan, 

!,»/ General Confederated Southern Memorial Associa- 
tion : 

Mrs. J. Enuers Robinson, 
Corresponding Secretary General Confederated Southern Me- 
morial Association. 



128 



Qopfederat^ l/eterap. 



SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS 

A[/ni IN Jn \, 1896, vi RICHMOND! VA- 



OFFICERS, iQib-r;. 

Commander in Chief. Ernest G. Baldwin, Roanoke, Va. 
Adjutant in Chief, N. B. Forrest. Biloxi, Mis*. 

DEPA R TMEN T COMMA NDERS. 
Army of Northern Virginia Department, Dr. J. G. Kin;;. Fredericksburg, Va. 

Army of Tennessee Department, Thomas B. Hooker, Memphis, Tenn. 
Ann} of the Trans-Mlssissippl Department, Merrill J. Glass, Tulsa, Okla. 

DIVISION COMMANDERS. 
Alabama, Dr. R. F. McConnell, Attalla, 

Arkansas. A. W. Parke, Little Kock. 
Colorado, A. I>. Marshall, Denver. 

District of Columbia, \V. E. Brockman, Wellington. 
Florida, C. II. Spencer, Tampa. 
Georgia, Ben Watts, Cave Springs. 

Kentucky, Robert W. Bingham, Louisville. 
Louisiana, j. \V. McWUHamS, Monroe. 

Maryland, Albert E. Owens, Riverdale. 
Mississippi, B. A. Lincoln, Columbus. 
Missouri, Dr. Seidell Spencer. St. Louis. 
North Carolina. W. N. Everett, Rockingham. 
Oklahoma. Tate Brady, Tulsa. 
Pacific. M. F. Gilmer', Seattle, Wash. 
South Carolina, Weller Rothrock. Aiken. 

Southwest. Carl Hinton, Silver Citv, N. Mex. 
Tennessee, Richard I. McClearen, Nashville. 
Texas, Edgar Scurrv, Wichita Falls. 
Virginia, E. B. White. Leesburg. 
West Virginia, G. W. Sidebottom, Huntington. 



[This department is conducted by N. B. Forrest, Adjutant in Chief S. C. V. 
Biloxi, Miss., to whom all communications and inquiries should be addressed. J 



CONFEDERATION NEWS AND NOTES. 
Alabama. 

At the reunion of the Alabama Division, held at Gadsden, 
Ala., in October, 1916, Dr. R. F. McConnell, Commander of 
the Camp at Attalla. Ala., was elected Commander of the Divi- 
sion and is actively at work organizing the State. At this 
reunion the following brigade commanders were elected : 
Third Brigade, H. A. Knowles. Samson; Fourth Brigade, J. 
H. Wallace, Huntsville; Fifth Brigade, Dr. J. P. Stewart. 
Attalla. The commanders for the First and Second Brigades 
will be appointed by Commander McConnell. 

Arkansas. 

Comrade A. W. Parker, of Little Rock, was reappointed as 
Commander of the Arkansas Division, and he expects to 
report a number of new Camps in his Division before the 
Washington Reunion. He is endeavoring to reinstate all the 
dead Camps in the State. 

Colorado. 

A. D. Marshall, Commander of the Colorado Division, ad 
vises that the Sons' Camp at Denver gave a banquet on Jan- 
uary 19 in honor of the birthday of General Lee. This Camp 
numbers among its members the present Governor of Colo- 
rado, as well as the retiring Governor, together with a num- 
ber of the most prominent business men of Denver. Comrade 
Marshall advises that he is organizing a new Camp at Pueblo 
and would make application for a charter in a short time 

District of Columbia. 

As the next Confederate Reunion will be held in the city 
of Washington, D. C, the Washington Camp is actively at 
work preparing for it. This Camp is increasing its member- 
ship and expects to report fully five hundred members by June 
I. Division Commander Brockman is taking an active part 



in the Reunion mirk and. as host during the Reunion, prom- 
ises all members of the organization an enjoyable time. 

Florida. 

At the reunion of the Florida Division, held at Tampa in 
October, 1916, Comrade Charles Hardee Spencer, of Tampa, 
was elected Division Commander. Comrade Spencer is the 
nephew of General Hardee and will prove a valuable officer. 
He announces the appointment of the following officers: Com- 
mander First Brigade. S. L. Lowry, Tampa; Commander 
Second Brigade, A. I.. Jackson, Gainesville: Commander 
Third Brigade, Paul S. Thomson, Quincy ; Commander Fourth 
Brigade, J. R. Ingram, Jacksonville. Staff — Division Adjutant, 
N. N. Wellons, Tampa; Division Inspector, T. A. Jennings, 
Pensacola ; Division Quartermaster, N. C. Bryant, Kissimmee ; 
Division Commissary, D. B. Bird, Monticello ; Division Judge 
Advocate, Cary A. Hardee, Live Oak; Division Surgeon, Dr. 
I. T. Boykin, Tampa; Division Chaplain, Rev. J. G. Anderson, 
Gainesville; Division Historian, Don C. McMullau, Talla- 
hassee. Commander Spencer expects to travel all over his 
Division organizing Camps and has promised not less than 
lifty live Camps for the Washington Reunion 

Georgia. 

Comrade Ben Watts, of Cave Springs, is hard at work 
reorganizing that State. He reports the organization of 
Camp Thomas C. Fletcher, at Helena, with lifty members. 
New Camps are also being formed at Adel, Molena, Quitman, 
Maysville, and other points. 

Kentucky. 

Comrade Robert W. Bingham, .of Louisville, has recently 
been appointed Commander of that Division and is now mak- 
ing arrangements to organize Camps all over the State. 

Louisiana. 

Division Commander McWilliams is now appointing his 
brigade officers and is organizing a number of new Camps. 
Beauregard Camp, at New Orleans, is one of the most active 
Camps in the Confederation and has made a special effort 
to educate the school children in that city, teaching them the 
truth regarding the South. 

Maryland. 

Albert E. Owens, of Riverdale, has been appointed as Com- 
mander of that Division. He is working on Camps at Balti- 
more, Easton, Williamsport, and other points in the State 
and expects to have a large delegation from his Division at 
the Reunion. , 

Mississippi. 

At the reunion of the Mississippi Division, held in the his- 
toric city of Columbus in November, 1916, Hon. Burton A. 
Lincoln, of that city, was elected Division Commander and 
immediately inaugurated a campaign for new Camps through- 
out the State. He reports the appointment of the following 
officers: Commander First Brigade, John F. Frierson, Colum- 
bus; Commander Second Brigade, D. M. Featherston, Holly 
Springs; Commander Third Brigade, Dr. W. H. Scudder, 
Mayersville; Commander Fourth Brigade, A. T. Stovall, Oko- 
lona; Commander Fifth Brigade, A. Y. Woodard, Louisville; 
Commander Sixth Brigade. W. L Cranford, Seminary; Com- 






Qopfederat^ l/eterap. 



129 



inander Seventh Brigade, E. E. Brown, Natchez ; Commander 
Eighth Brigade, J. O. Fuller, Jackson. He also announces the 
appointment of his staff, as follows: Division Adjutant and 
Chief of Staff, V. B. lines, Columbus; Division Commissary, 
Ben H. McFarland, Aberdeen ; Division Quartermaster, Oscar 
Johnston, Clarksdale ; Division Judge Advocate, C. L. Garnett, 
Columbus; Division Inspector, Alexander Currie, Hatties- 
burg; Division Surgeon, W. T. Bolton, Biloxi; Division Chap- 
lain, Rev. J. B. Lawrence, Jackson ; Division Historian, Albert 
Stone, Dunleith. 

Beauvoir Board. 

Very few of the comrades throughout the South are aware 
of the fact that Beauvoir, the home of Jefferson Davis, which 
is now used as a Confederate home, is the property of the 
Sons of Veterans of Mississippi, the title being vested in the 
active Camps of that State. At the Columbus reunion a reso- 
lution was presented and adopted providing for the appoint- 
ment of a Board of Directors for this property, and the fol- 
lowing were selected : E. C. Sharp, First Brigade, Booneville, 
term, one year; W. P. Shinault, Second Brigade, Oxford, 
term, one year; Dr. T. R. Henderson, Third Brigade, Green- 
wood, term, two years ; T. U. Sisson, Fourth Brigade, Winona, 
term, two years; O. L. McKay, Fifth Brigade, Meridian, term, 
three years ; N. B. Forrest, Sixth Brigade, Biloxi, term, three 
years ; S. H. Bagnell, Seventh Brigade, Port Gibson, term, 
four years; James R. McDowell, Eighth Brigade, Jackson, 
term, four years. 

It is the intention of Commander Lincoln and his officers 
to make the Mississippi Division rank first this year, and the) 
expect to report not less than seventy-five Camps by June 1. 
The following new Camps have been chartered since Novem- 
ber: Camp Columbus, Columbus; Camp West Point, West 
Point ; Camp Noxubee Rifles, Macon ; Camp T. J. Wilkins. 
Sr., Brooksville ; Camp De. B. Waddell, Meridian ; Camp S. 
D. Lee, Starkville; Camp Fizer-Taylor, Batesvillc; Camp 
Oxford, Oxford. In addition to the above, Comrade Lincoln 
has reinstated the Camps at Louisville, Hattiesburg, Winona. 
Okolona, and Aberdeen. 

Missouri. 

Dr. Selden Spencer, of St. Louis, has been appointed Com- 
mander of the Missouri Division. He is now appointing his 
staff and brigade officers and will inaugurate an immediate 
campaign for new Camps. 

North Carolina. 

W. N. Everett, of Rockingham, N. C, has been named as 
Commander of that Division. Plans have been made for a 
membership campaign over the State, and Comrade Everett 
has promised twenty-five Camps by June 1. He has just 
reported the organization of Camp Robert F. Hoke, at Char- 
lotte, and has a number of others now being formed. 

Oklahoma. 

Comrade Tate Brady, of Tulsa, was elected Division Com- 
mander at the State reunion in September. He expects to 
report fully fifty Camps at Washington. Tulsa intends to 
make a hard fight for the 1918 reunion; and, judging from 
reports throughout the country, it will win this year. 

South Carolina. 

Comrade Rothrock, Commander of the South Carolina 
Division, advises that he expects to have the largest repre- 



sentation from his State at Washington that they have ever 
had at any reunion. At the last State reunion the following 
brigade commanders were eleced : First Brigade, D. A. Spivey, 
Conway; Second Brigade, J. M. Richardson. Aiken; Third 
Brigade, E. M. Blythe. Greenville. 

Southwest Division. 

Comrade Carl Hinton, Commander of the Southwest Divi- 
sion, has reinstated his Camp at Silver City, N. Mex. This 
Camp lapsed last year owing to the fact that Comrade Hinton 
and a majority of the members were doing service on the 
Mexican border. Commander Hinton is now organizing new 
Camps at several points in New Mexico and Arizona and 
will send a delegation to Washington. 

Tennessee. 

Richard I. McClearen, Adjutant of the J. E. Johnston 
Camp, No. 28, of Nashville, has just been appointed Com 
mander of that Division. Comrade McClearen has been a 
loyal member of the organization for a number of years ami 
advises that Tennessee will have a large delegation at the 
Reunion. 

Texas. 

Comrade Edgar Scurry, of Wichita Falls, Tex., has been 
appointed Commander of the Texas Division and is hard at 
work getting his State in shape. Comrade Scurry is a son 
of Gen. W. R. Scurry and has for many years been one of 
the most active members of the Confederation, never miss 
a general Reunion. Under his administration Texas will 
make a showing that will reflect credit upon the South. 

Virginia. 

The annual reunion of the Virginia Division was held at 
Norfolk in October, and the following officers were elected : 
I 'ivision Commander, E. B. White, Leesburg; Commander 
First Brigade, B. S. Herndon, Portsmouth; Commander 
Second Brigade, W. A. Perdue, Petersburg; Commander 
Third Brigade, W. L. Pierce, Christiansburg; Commander 
Fourth Brigade, A. W. Robertson, Buena Vista; Commander 
Fifth Brigade, J. W. Rusk. Fairfax. 

Since the Birmingham Reunion the following new Camps 
have been organized in this Division: Camp James Thrift 
Fairfax; Camp Stonewall, Christiansburg; Camp Clinton- 
Hatcher, Leesburg; Camp Goshen, Goshen. The R. E. Lee 
Camp, at Richmond, has also been reinstated. 

West Virginia. 

Comrade George W. Sidebottom, of Huntington, has Inn 
appointed Commander of that Division. West Virginia has 
promised rwenty-five Camps by June 1. 

Union of the Two Organizations. 

Under General Orders No. 4, issued from the headquarters 
of the United Confederate Veterans and signed by Gen. 
George P. Harrison, Commander in Chief, U. C. V., and Gen. 
William E. Mickle, Adjutant General, a committee was ap- 
pointed to consider the uniting of the United Confederate 
Veterans and the Sons of Confederate Veterans. 

In compliance with this order the following committee is 
hereby announced by the Commander in Chief of the Sons of 
Confederate Veterans : John W. Bale, Rome, Ga., Chairman ; 
W. McDonald Lee, Irvington, Va. ; G. Seton Fleming, Jack- 



130 



Qopfederat^ l/eterap. 



sonville, Fla. ; A. L. Gaston, Chester, S. C. ; A. L. Cox. Ra- 
leigh, X. C. ; A. M. Sea. Jr., Louisville. Ky. ; A. D. Smith, Jr., 
Fayetteville, W. Va. ; J. Roy Price, Washington, D. C. ; Sam- 
uel Riggs, Rockville, Md. ; Thomas M. Owen, Montgomery, 
Ala.; W. O. Hart, New Orleans, La.; J. R. McDowell, Jack- 
son, Miss. ; R. Henry Lake, Memphis, Tenn. ; A. D. Pope, 
Magnolia, Ark. ; Thomas E. Powe, St. Louis, Mo. ; R. A. 
Josey, Tulsa, Okla.; W. R. Blain, Beaumont, Tex.; II. W. 
Lowrie. Denver. Colo.; Robert Powell, Silver City, N. Mex.; 
M. F. Gilmer, Seattle, Wash. : A. B. Ellis, Los Angeles, Cal. 
This committee will make a report at the Washington Re- 
union. 

Textbook Committee. 

At the Birmingham Reunion a resolution was introduced by 
Adjutant Forrest providing for the appointment of a Textbook 
Committee, whose duty it shall be to review all the histories 
now in use in the schools and colleges and make a report on 
same, the report to be printed in pamphlet form and distribut- 
ed among the Veterans, Sons, and Daughters. As soon as 
this report is completed, an active and determined effort will 
be made to have all unfair and sectional textbooks removed 
from the schools, both North and South. 

The following have been appointed on this committee: A. L. 
Tinsley, Baltimore, Md., Chairman ; J. Carter Walker, Wood- 
berry Forest, Va. ; James Mann, Norfolk, Va. ; N. B. Forrest. 
Biloxi, Miss. Associate members — Miss Mildred Rutherford, 
Athens, Ga. ; Mrs. S. E. F. Rose, West Point, Miss. Several 
prominent educators from the North will be added to this 
committee and their aid secured to see that the sectional text- 
books are removed from the schools in that section and the 
truth alone taught. 

Gray Book Committee. 

Realizing that the recent deportation of the Belgians will 
revive the question of slavery and that undoubtedly the South 
will be severely criticized by men who do not know the real 
truth regarding slavery in the United States prior to 1865-66, 
it was decided to appoint a committee to prepare a "Gray 
Book," which shall state clearly and concisely the actual facts 
regarding this movement. Efforts will be made to have this 
book installed in our schools and colleges, so that our children 
may be taught the truth in reference to this. It is a matter 
of gratification to every true Southerner to know that not a 
single shipload of slaves was ever brought to this country by 
a Southern man or a Southern ship and that several of the 
Southern States legislated against slavery long before the 
matter came up in the North. 

This committee is as follows : Arthur H. Jennings, Lynch- 
burg, Va., Chairman ; Matthew Page Andrews, Baltimore, 
Md.; E. W. R. Ewing, Washington, D. C. ; C. H. Fauntleroy, 
St. Louis, Mo. 

Uniforms. 

The Washington Reunion will be the first Confederate re- 
union ever held outside the former Confederated States and, 
judging from present indications, will be the largest. A spe- 
cial effort is being made to have all the Veterans and Sons 
go in Confederate uniform. Adjutant Forrest has the matter 
up with the various uniform houses over the country and has 
succeeded in getting them to make special prices on uniforms 
for this occasion. The prices will range from ten dollars to 
twenty dollars, depending upon the quality of cloth used. 
Special orders giving this data will be issued to the Veteran 
and Sons' Camps at an early date. 



Camps Reorganized and Reinstated. 

Adjutant Forrest has reinstated Camps at the following 
points since the Birmingham Reunion: Richmond, Va. ; Lake- 
land, Fla. ; Radford, Va. ; Savannah, Ga. ; St. Petersburg, 
Fla.; Tupelo, Miss.; Fayetteville, W. Va. ; Hinton, W. 
Va. ; Water Valley, Miss.; Tallahassee, Fla.; Fort Worth. 
Tex.; Macon, Ga. ; Seattle, Wash.; El Paso, Tex.; Columbia, 
Tenn. ; McNeill, Ark. ; Aberdeen, Miss. ; Winona, Miss. ; Oko- 
lona, Miss.; Hattiesburg, Miss.; Atlanta, Ga. ; Silver City, N. 
Mex. ; Louisville, Miss. 

New Camps Organized. 

Camp James Thrift, Fairfax, Va.; Camp T. C. Fletcher, 
Helena, Ga. ; Camp Columbus, Columbus, Miss. ; Camp West 
Point, West Point, Miss. ; Camp Stonewall, Christiansburg, 
Va. ; Camp Clinton-Hatcher, Leesburg, Va. ; Camp Goshen, 
Goshen, Va. ; Camp Wiley Crook, Star City, Ark. ; Camp 
Noxubee Rifles, Macon, Miss.; Camp T. J. Wilkins, Sr., 
Brooksville, Miss.; Camp De. B. Waddell, Meridian, Miss.; 
Camp S. D. Lee, Starkville, Miss. ; Camp Fizer-Taylor, Bates- 
ville, Miss. ; Camp Oxford, Oxford, Miss. ; Camp Robert F. 
Hoke, Charlotte, N. C. 



REUNION COMMITTEES, WASHINGTON, D. C. 

Officer in charge, Washington office, General Headquarters, 
S. C. V., Dr. Clarence J. Owens, Southern Building. 

Washington Camp Reunion Committee : Chairman, E. W. R. 
Ewing; Secretary, J. Roy Price. 

Chairmen of Committees. 
Accommodation, W. G. Roberts. 
Camp Fire, Wallace Streater. 
Decoration, George T. Rawlins. 
Entertainment, F. R. Fravel. 
Finance, 'E. A. Brand. 
Grand Stand, W. L. Wilkerson. 
Historic Sites, Hugh Brewster. 
Hotel, C. M. McCulloch. 
Information, Sanford D. Covington. 
Invitation, W. S. Stamper. 
Music, Claude N. Bennett. 
Parade, H. Oden Lake. 
Program, H. Oden Lake. 
Printing, A. H. Ferguson. 
Publicity, John Boyle. 
Reception, George B. Ashby. 
Souvenirs and Badges, F. O. Lake. 
Sponsors and Maids, W. E. Brockman. 
Transportation, H. F. Cary. 



ORGANIZED IX MARYLAND. 

Col. Henry Hollyday, Jr., reports the organization of Camp 
Frank Buchanan, S. C. V., at Easton, Md., with fifteen charter 
members. The officers for the year are : Commandant, Henry 
Hollyday, Jr. ; First Lieutenant Commander, Samuel E. Shan 
nahan ; Second Lieutenant Commander, J. Dudley Lynch ; Ad 
jutant, H. Warfield Hambleton ; Quartermaster, A. Bowdle 
Highley; Treasurer, Samuel Hambleton; Color Sergeant, 
Oscar Trail ; Historian, John H. K. Shannahan, Jr. 

"Admiral Buchanan was from Talbot County, Md., married 
there, and he lies buried in the Lloyd family burying ground. 
We expect to have about thirty members by spring," writes 
Commander Hollyday. 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai). 



131 



RETURN OF FLAG TO THE 76TH OHIO REGIMENT. 

At Ringgold Gap, Ga., on November 27, 1863, the 1st 
Arkansas Infantry captured the colors of the "6th Ohio in a 
desperate fight, in which eight color bearers of the Ohio regi- 
ment were shot down. On September 20, 1916, this flag was 
returned by the survivors of the 1st Arkansas Infantry dur- 
ing the thirty-eighth annual reunion of the survivors of the 
76th Ohio at Newark, Ohio. 

An impressive address by Governor Willis, of Ohio, was 
followed by the presentation speech of Governor-elect Brough, 
of Arkansas, whose introductory remarks revealed the spe- 
cial fitness of his participation in this ceremony when he said : 
"As the great-nephew of Ohio's famous War Governor, John 
Brough, who ranks with Dix of New York, Curtin of Penn- 
sylvania, and Yates of Ohio as one of the four great War 
Governors of Northern States, I take pleasure in behalf of 
the brave troops of the 1st Arkansas Regiment in returning 
to the brave men of the 76th Ohio the flag captured in the 
battle at Ringgold Gap, Ga., November 27, 1863." 

The survivors of the 76th Ohio Regiment were seated to 
the left on the great stage of the theater, with the survivors 
of the 1st Arkansas on the right, while between them were 
seated the Daughters of the Confederacy who accompanied 
the veterans to Newark. The flag was placed in the hands 
of the Arkansas veterans, who then marched across the Stage 
to the survivors of the Ohio regiment. The latter grasped 
the flag with their left hands and the hands of the Southern 
ers with their right, and as the band played the "Star 
Spangled Banner" the Southerners loosed their hold of the 
flag, while all the veterans turned and marched around the 
stage, blue and gray together, until they reached their re- 
spective seats. 

To Sergt. William C. Montgomery, of Johnstown, was 
given the glory of receiving the flag for the 76th Ohio Regi- 
ment. 

Mr. Montgomery said: "I was the first of the seven color 
bearers to carry the flag into battle when the 76th engaged 
the 1st Arkansas at Ringgold Gap, Ga. I had not proceeded 
very far with 'Old Glory' when a shell carried away my right 
arm, and the colors fell. One by one six other men picked 
up the flag, only to be shot down. After a hard skirmish we 
retrieved the lost ground, but our banner was gone." 

The veterans from Arkansas were headed by J. R. < lib 
bons, Commander of Omer R. Weaver Camp, U. C. V., of 
Little Rock, Ark., while other survivors of the 1st Arkansas 
in the party were : C. K. Wiley. J. F. Leach, James Shappoch, 
John F. Medlock, W. E. Bevens, and John A. Cathey. 

The flag was received with a beautiful speech of acceptance 
by Judge Edward Kibler, son of the late Col. Charles Kibler. 
the last commander of the 76th Ohio. His address was chiefly 
what his father had prepared for this occasion the year he- 
fore, and in it he reviewed the loss and return of the flag. 
saying in part : 

"After the capture of tlys banner in the battle of Ringgold. 
Ga., its existence was overlooked for nearly fifty years. It 
was then found among the effects of General Hardee, who 
ihad commanded the corps of the Confederate army engaged 
in that battle and at Missionary Ridge. The daughter of 
General Hardee graciously proposed to return the banner to 
the 76th Ohio. That capture was accomplished by the 1st 
Arkansas Infantry, which was a part of the division under 
command of Gen. Patrick Cleburne, of General Hardee's 
corps. 



"The fact of the capture of the banner by the 1st Arkansas 
Regiment was probably unknown to the daughter of General 
Hardee when she proposed to return the banner. The propo- 
sition to return it was made known to Governor Cox, and 
the final arrangement was made to do this at the Reunion of 
the Confederate Veterans and the Sons of Veterans in May, 
1914, at Jacksonville, Fla. A committee of the 76th, in charge 
of George F. Burba, private secretary of the Governor, went 
to Jacksonville to receive the banner. 

"In the meantime the survivors of the 1st Arkansas Regi- 
ment made the claim, and not without merit, that, as the 
actual captors of the banner, they should be at least consulted 
about its return. They acquiesced in the formal return of 
the banner at Jacksonville, but reserved the right to come ti. 
Ohio later and publicly make over to the State of Ohio their 
right as captors of the emblem. As a result of this arrange- 
ment, you, the survivors of the tst Arkansas Regiment, are 
lure to-day. * * * 

"We receive this banner in the spirit you tender it lli.it is 
of good will, in that adorable spirit which blesses him that 
gives and him that takes. It shall for all time remain in tin 
flag room of the Statehouse, not only as the original banner 
of the regiment, but sanctified by its generous restora 
lion. * * * 

"The colors of a regiment are the poetry of the set 
I he men love their banner; thc\ march under it; the] 
under it. If the color bearer falls, another seizes it and holds 
it aloft, and so on until the battle ends. The firm determina- 
tion is t" keep it 'lying at whatever cost; and if in th, 
«'f war it is lost, the sorrow is universal and profound. Up 
to the 27th of November. 1863, this banner had been carried 
by the 76th Regiment in every battle in which it had been 
engaged — at Fort Donelson. at Shiloh, the operations near 
Corinth, at Vicksburg. at Lookout Mountain, at Missionary 
Ridge — but at Ringgold it was lost, lost without dishonor and 
captured with honor. Each regiment there found foemen 
worthy of its steel. The 76th Regiment in about ten minutes 
lost fifty-two out of the two hundred engaged in killed and 
wounded. Four officers and forty-eight men were killed in 
support of the colors. Fight color bearers were killed and 
wounded. Not a man was captured or missing. This ban- 
ner was lost in this way; the brave bearer of it was grievous 
ly wounded and fell forward toward the 1 st Arkansas, and 
as he fell the banner was projected farther forward. Several 
men were wounded in an attempt to recover it. Just then 
came the order to fall back lighting, and the banner was cap- 
tured. 

"This shows the valor of the man who captured it. and 1 
think it shows why the old soldiers do not regard the return 
of the banner as an idle thing. 

"We, the survivors of the 76th Regiment, feelingly thank 
you, the survivors of the 1st Arkansas Confederate Infantry, 
for the return of this banner, and we fullj appreciate the 
fact that you have come so far to take part in this ceremony. 
It has this significance: it evidences that, whatever hatred or 
animosity existed between the sections of the country (and 
there was little between the rank and file of the opposing 
armies), it is in the deep bosom of the ocean buried, and 
henceforth we ought to be. and can he. brethren dwelling 
together in unity, comrades living, fighting, it may be. under 
the one flag." 

Hon. M. E. Dunaway, of Arkansas, representing the Sons 
of Confederate Veterans of Arkansas, also made an address. 
(Continued on page 136.) 



i3 2 



(^opfederat^ l/eteraij. 



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"Rest, comrades, rest and sleep! 

The thoughts of men shall be 
As sentinels to keep 

Your rest from danger free. 
Your silent tents of green 

We deck with fragrant flowers 
Yours has the suffering been ; 

The memory shall be ours." 




Capt. Matthew H. Hopkins. 

Capt. Matthew H. Hopkins, a gallant Confederate soldier 
and Christian gentleman, ended his long and valued life at 
Louisville, Ga., on Decem- 
ber 13, 1916. Born in Sa- 
vannah in April. 1837, he 
had attained nearly four- 
score years. In his charac- 
ter there was a rare union 
of strength, sweetness, and 
moral rectitude; and his re- 
ligious life was marked by 
a simple, childlike trust, 
walking humbly before God 
and trying in all things to 
perform the duty that was 
before him. 

At the outbreak of the 
war he entered the Confed- 
erate service as lieutenant 
in the Savannah Volunteer 
Guards (afterwards known 
as the 18th Georgia Battal- 
ion) and was stationed at 

various points on the coast. In the latter part of 1861, ap- 
pointed to the adjutancy of the 1st Volunteer Regiment of 
Georgia, he reported for duty at the regimental headquarters, 
then located at Fort Pulaski, near the mouth of the Savannah 
River. He was present at the defense and fall of the fort, 
receiving there a painful wound in the eye, the scar of which 
remained to his last day. The terms of capitulation stipulated 
that the sick and wounded of the garrison should be freed 
and sent up to Savannah, and under this provision Adjutant 
Hopkins was entitled to return to home and friends. But in 
one of the companies were two brothers, private soldiers, one 
of whom had been mortally wounded during the bombardment. 
The distress of the other at being carried away a prisoner, 
leaving a dying brother behind, was so great that the Adju- 
tant's true heart could not bear to witness it. He offered him- 
self in place of the unhappy lad, and the offer was accepted. 

For some months Adjutant Hopkins was a prisoner at Fort 
Columbus, New York Harbor, and at Johnson's Island, in 
Sandusky Bay, Lake Erie, being exchanged at Vicksburg. In 
the autumn of 1862 he again went into service, and during 
the following winter he was stationed in the vicinity of Sa- 



CAPT. M. H. HOPKINS. 



vannah. In 1863 the regiment served in the defense of 
Charleston. In the following spring it joined the army of 
North Georgia, and, under the leadership of Johnston and 
Hood, engaged in all the battles of this disastrous campaign. 

At Smithfield, N. C, in the reorganization of the army the 
remnants of the 57th and 63d Georgia Regiments were con- 
solidated with the 1st, and in this re-formation the Adjutant 
received his captaincy. Never was promotion more deserved 
But the fighting days of that army were over; soon came the 
surrender of General Lee in Virginia. 

The subsequent life of Captain Hopkins was spent in Louis- 
ville, where for many years he was engaged in mercantile 
pursuits. In September, 1867, he married Miss Pattie Key — 
a blessed union of kindred souls. She, with two sons and » 
daughter, survives him. 

As a botanist thoroughly acquainted with the flora of the 
South he was widely known and valued far beyond the limits 
of his own State. This was his delight, this diligent search- 
ing into the secrets of nature. It accorded with the contem- 
plative character of his mind and imparted a constant joy to 
the evening of his days. 

It was a peaceful, happy life, though not without its full 
share of trial and bereavement. Faith lifted him to clarity of 
vision ; he looked beyond the veil with serenity and confidence. 
Beloved and honored he lived; beloved and honored he died. 

[Tribute by Charles H. Olmstead.] 

Jacob DeL. Harby. 

Jacob DeLamotta Harby, of Charleston, S. C, died on Oc- 
tober 26, 1916, at the home of his son, near Huntingdon, Long ; 
Island. N. Y., and was laid to rest at Sumter, S. C. 

He was born in Mobile, Ala., March 29, 1848; but at the 
age of eight he went with his parents to Texas and lived there 
until 1889, when he made his home in New York City, later 
returning to Charleston, which had been his father's home. 
His mother was Leonora de Lyon, a daughter of Judge Levi 
Sheftall de Lyon, of Savannah, Ga. His father, Levi Charles 
Harby, served as a midshipman in the War of 1812 and had 
attained to the rank of captain when South Carolina seceded. 
He then resigned from the service of the United States and 
later became a commodore in the Confederate navy. The 
son was too young for service at the outbreak of hostilities; 
but in January, 1863, at the age of fourteen, he was made a 
second lieutenant on the Neptune, cruising in Texas waters 
and commanded by his father. In order to see more active 
service, however, in 1864 he joined the 8th Texas Artillery, 
Fontaine's Battalion, and remained with this command to the 
close of the war. 

Mr. Harby remained true to the best of Southern traditions 
and was always interested in Confederate organizations. He 
was an honorary member of Dick Dowling Camp, of Houston, 
and of Sterling Price Camp, of Dallas. He served on the 
Executive Committee of the Confederate Veteran Camp of 
New York City, representing it at several reunions. On his 
removal to Charleston in 1898 he 'joined Camp Sumter, of 
which he was a loyal and active member to the time of his 
death, often acting as a delegate to reunions. He was com- 
missioned a colonel, U. C. V, on the staff of Major General 
Cabell. 

While living in Texas Mr. Harby was married to Miss Lee 
Cohen, of Charleston, who, with a son and daughter, survives 
him. As "Jack" Harby he was known all over the country; 
and his many friends mourn the passing of this kindly, true- 
hearted, open-handed gentleman. 



Qoi}federat^ l/eteraij. 



133 




M. W. SPEAKMAN. 



Matthew Whitfield Speakman. 

Matthew Whitfield Spearman, born in Heard County, Ga., 
on January 19, 1843, died at his country home, in Jasper Coun- 
ty, Ga., on December 16, 

1016, and was laid to rest /< ,v. 

y"' ' I *s 

at Shady Dale with two 

flags of the Confederacy in ' ia . \ 

his arms. He volunteered ^H \ 

for Confederate service in 
March, 1862, and served to 
the end, fighting for the 
cause he knew was right. 
He was never wounded, 
though locks of his hair 
were shot off and many 
holes were made through 
his clothes. He joined 
Capt. John C. Key's Com- 
pany B, of the 44th Georgia 
Regiment, which was sent 
to Virginia, and served an- 
der Stonewall Jackson in 
Dole's Brigade. The first 
battle in which Comrade Spearman took part was at Ellison's 
Mill, on Beaver Dam Creek, in Virginia. The command was 
ordered to take a battery without firing a gun, and in the 
charge his brother John was killed. He was in the battle of 
Fredericksburg, December, 1862, and also in the battles of 
Chancellorsville and the second battle of the Wilderness. Hi' 
was captured in the terrible fight of the Bloody Angle at 
Spottsylvania Courthouse, Va., May 10, 1864, and was taken 
to Fort Delaware and kept a prisoner for ten months, suffer- 
ing terrible hardships. Finally he was paroled and sent to 
Richmond ; and from there he got back to his old hinie in 
March, 1865, more dead than alive. He never took the oath 
of allegiance, but died a Confederate, just as did Robert 
Toombs ; the same blood coursed through their veins. 

Comrade Spearman was married to Miss Julia Geiger in 
September, 1S70; and seven children came to bless their home, 
six sons and a daughter, all of whom arc left to mourn his 
death except one son. He was a brave soldier and a devoted 
husband and father. 

James C. Lee. 

James C. Lee died January 20, 1917, at the residence of his 
son, S. Y. Lee, Waco, Tex., after an illness of less than a 
week. He was born July 5, 1837, near Greensboro, Ala. On 
January 6, 1862, he joined the Confederate army over the 
protest of his home doctor, who said it would be like com- 
mitting suicide for him to join, as he would not last a month 
on account of his health. The regimental surgeon said : 
"Young man. you had better go home." But he served until 
the close of the war under General Forrest, belonging to 
Company F, 3d Alabama Cavalry. After the war he 
in Marengo County. Ala., and lived there till l8p6, when he 
ueni to Texas and located at Cameron, Milam County. In 
tgoi he went to Waco, which was his home until the time 
of his death. In 1875 he joined the Baptist Church in 
Marengo County, Ala.; and in 1901 he placed his member- 
ship with the Columbus Street Baptist Church, of Waco, 
and was a member of that Church until his death. He was 
also a member of Pat Cleburne Camp, No. 222, of Waco. He 
is survived by two children, S. Y. Lee and Miss Mary E. Lee, 
"f Waco, ami four grandchildren, Misses Myrtle, Lois. Mil- 
dred, and Master Janus F. Fee. of Waco. 



Duncan E. McMillan. 

After a short illness, Duncan E. McMillan died at the home 
of his daughter, Mrs. R. L. Hyde, at Sulphur Springs, Tex. 
He was born in South Carolina September 8, 1836; so he had 
reached the ripe age of eighty years. When he was only 
two years old his parents removed to Florida, then to Missis- 
sippi, and in this State he grew to manhood. When the call 
came for volunteers to defend his beloved South in 1861 he 
was among the first to answer. Enlisting in Company A, 33d 
Mississippi Infantry, he bravely bore his part, whether on 
the march, in camp, or on the field of battle, ever ready to 
share the burdens of a soldier's lot. While acting as advance 
lie received a severe wound in the jaw, from which lie 
came near dying. Upon recovery he returned to his command 
and served to the close of the war. Returning home after the 
surrender, he resumed the life of a farmer and took part in 
the struggle to free his country from carpetbag rule. He 
went from Mississippi to Texas in 1868, settling in the com- 
munity near where he was laid to rest. He had been a mem- 
ber of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church for more than 
fifty years. To the last he was devoted to the cause for 
which he had fought and is now resting with the comrades 
who had gone before him. 

Dr. Joseph S. Horsley. 

Dr. Joseph Stafford Horsley was born at Antioch, Troup 
County, Ga., December 24, 1843. He served the Confederacy 
with the Doles-Cook Brigade, going to the front with the 
Ben Hill Infantry, Company F, 21st Regiment of Georgia 
Voluntary Infantry, of Troup County, Ga., July 9, 1861, as 
third corporal. He was wounded at Cold Harbor, Va., in 
1862, and in January, 1863, was promoted to fourth sergeant; 
a s wounded the second time at Snicker's Gap, Va., and in 
[864 was promoted to first sergeant; was wounded for the 
third time and captured at Winchester, Va., during that year 
and was paroled after six months' imprisonment at Point 
Lookout, Ml 

Reluming home, he taught school in Georgia and Texas 
for a while and in 1S70 was graduated from the Medical Col- 
lege of Georgia, at Augusta, with distinction. For more than 
forty-five years he was a practitioner in his native county 
( for more than lorn years at West Point, Ga.). At his home 
with his daughter, Mrs. Amos Huguley, in V t, just 

as the day of November 17, 1916, was dying in the west, he 
fell upon sleep and, after serving his generation well, was 
crowned in his Father's house. 

Dr. Horsley was a Fellow of the American Medical As- 
ion, formerly President of the Chattahoochee Valley 
Medical Association, surgeon for the Chattahoochee \ 
Railway, local surgeon for the Atlanta and West Point Rail- 
road, a physician fully trusted and generally loved by a large 
clientele. As a young man, as a soldier, as a teacher, as a 
physician, as a citizen, his life was marked by high ideals and 
by service; he was in a larijc measure like Him whom he 
trusted and "who went about doing good." 

Those he so faithfully and fruitfully loved — the wi 
Mrs. Georgia 11. Horsley, the sons. Dr. J. S. and John II., 
the daughters, Mrs. Eunice Winston. Mrs. N. L. Atkinson. 
ind Mrs. Amos Huguley, all of West Point; and two other 

d( liters, Mrs. F. K. Boland, Atlanta, Ga., and Mrs. E. L. 

Mown. Ga.— have his blameless life and abun- 
dant labors as their very precious heritage. 

[Tribute by Rev. Graham Forrester] 



134 



Qopfederat^ l/eterap 



Hill County Camp, U. C. V. 



Capt. J. M. Pef.rv. 



The Memorial Committee of Hill County Camp, U. C. V., 
of Hillsboro, Tex., presented resolutions in honor of four 
additional members who have crossed the great divide since 
December 10, 1916. These comrades were : 

Rufus R. Rutherford, born in Rome County, Tenn., March 
8, 1832; died December 10, 1916. He enlisted in the Confed- 
erate army at the first call of his country and served through- 
out the war in Ashby's Brigade, Company G, 2d Tennessee 
Regiment. He was a consistent member of the Cumberland 
Presbyterian Church ; and as a citizen of Hill County, Tex., 
for thirty-eight years, by his exemplary habits, honesty, and 
integrity of purpose he proved himself to be a most worthy 
character and a man of that material of which a good soldier 
is made. 

C. C. Isbell, of Company A, 1st Cherokee Regiment, died 
on December 31 at the age of seventy-six years. He, too, was 
a pioneer citizen of Hill County, Tex., and was highly re- 
spected by all who knew him. 

A. J. Lott, who served as a member of Company E, 15th 
Mississippi Regiment, was a worthy soldier of the Confeder- 
acy and an honored citizen of Hill County for many years. 

Thomas R. Orenbaum, who was born in Rockbridge County, 
Va., on December 27, 1827, died on January 23, 1917, at the 
advanced age of ninety. He served with Company G, 5th 
Texas Regiment, and was not only a good soldier of the 
Confederacy, but also in the army of the Lord through his 
long life. 

[Committee : \V. L. McKee, Tarn Brooks, J. W. Morrison.] 

William Hudson. 

At the age of eighty-one, Comrade Will Hudson has passed 
over the river. He enlisted in April, 1862, in Company A, 
14th Tennessee Cavalry, under Bedford Forrest, and was 
with him until the retreat from Nashville, when he was cut 
off from his command and could not get back. Only four of 
this company made it through with the command to Gaines- 
ville, Ala., out of the one hundred and twenty-five in the bat- 
tle of Franklin. The survivors of the company never got 
together any more. 

Comrade Hudson was only a private, always ready to an- 
swer to his name. He was of the Primitive Baptist faith and 
is sadly missed in the councils of his Church. Only a short 
while, and we will all be "tenting on the other shore." 

[His comrade, R. F. Talley, Middleton, Tenn.] 

Albert Martin. 

Another comrade has passed over the river to join the 
comrades resting "under the shade of the trees." Albert 
Martin, born in Lewisburg, Marshall County, Tenn., October 
10, 1833, died on January 18, 1917, having passed into his 
eighty-fourth year. He enlisted in the Confederate army in 
1861 as a member of Company A, nth Missouri Cavalry, 
commanded by Col. A. J. Tolbert. His captain was F. M. 
Trevathan, who long since passed over. Comrade Martin 
was a fearless soldier and was always at his post of duty. 
He was a member in good standing of Troop C, Forrest's 
Cavalry Association, and took great interest in the reunions. 
He had been for seventeen years in the employment of Union 
City, Tenn. He was faithful in the discharge of his duties 
and honorable in all his dealings with his fellow men. 













CAPT. J. M. PEERY. 



Capt. J. M. Peery, one of the oldest and most highly 
respected citizens of Chariton County, Mo., died at his home, 

in Brunswick, on the 
night of September 6, 
1916, after an illness 
of several months. 

Jasper Marion 
Peery was born in 
Howard County, Mo., 
in April, 1832, the 
youngest son of 
Thomas Peery, pio- 
neer settler of that 
section, who in 1819 
went from Virginia 
to the famous Boone's 
Lick country on the 
Missouri River and 
settled at Old Char- 
iton and became a 
wealthy landowner. 
Jasper Peery was 
reared on his father's 
farm. He went to 
Brunswick in 1854 
and engaged in the 
lumber business, in which he continued to his death, being 
known as one of the leading dealers in lumber of that sec- 
tion. In 1858 he became part owner of the Missouri River 
passenger packet, David Tatum, one of its finest steamboats. 
As captain of this vessel he made weekly trips between St. 
Louis and Brunswick. When the war came on in 1861 he 
joined the Southern States Guard and was later made a 
captain under Gen. Sterling Price, serving with bravery and 
credit until the close of the war. He was married in Novem- 
ber, 1872, to Miss Gertrude Lee Wood, of Albemarle County. 
Va., who died in 1905. Their three sons survive him. 

Captain Peery was a real pioneer, possessing the rugged 
and manly characteristics necessary to success in the early 
days. He was a man of unflinching honor, generous, agree- 
able, and companionable. 

Lewis A. Smith. 

Death came suddenly to Lewis A. Smith on the night <>f 
December 27, 1916, at his home, near Slater, Mo. He was 
one of the substantial citizens of his county, a man of liberal 
views, and had a hand of sympathy ready for those not so 
fortunate in life. He was born in Fauquier County, Va., in 
1844, the son of William O. and Marion Adams Smith. The 
family moved to Missouri when he was five years of age ; and 
from that State, at the age of seventeen, he enlisted in the 
Confederate army and served to the close of the war with 
Company G, 8th Missouri Cavalry, Shelby's Brigade. His 
parole, dated at Shreveport, La., June 14, 1865, was a prized 
memento of those days of struggle. 

In 1877 Comrade Smith was married to Miss Mattie Graves, 
who died in 1892. His second wife was Mrs. Emma Fox, 
who, with three sons and a daughter of the first marriage, 
survives him. 

Comrade Smith located on his farm, near Slater, some 
forty-five years ago and had been very successful in its oper- 
ation. The interment was in Rehoboth Cemetery. 









Qogfederat^ l/eterai). 



135 



Francis Reeves Howard. 

"Uncle Frank," as he was lovingly called by relatives and 
friends, died on January 12, 1917, at the home of his nephew, 
Eddie Howard, near Cloud's Creek Church, in Oglethorpe 
County, Ga., near where he was born and lived through life. 
He was almost eighty-one years old and had had a remarka- 
ble career both in war and civil life. He was one of the 
seven sons of Asa J. Howard, who served in the Confederate 
war and whose blood was spilled freely in defense of the 
South and the principles of right and justice, and his was the 
courage to dare and do amid whistling bullets and crashing 
shells and the flash of sabers under the leadership of the peei 
less "Jeb" Stuart and the knightly Wade i lampion. Limping 
on a broken leg, he made his way home when the war ended 
He never surrendered, nor was he paroled, neither did he 
ever take the oath of allegiance; but he took up the task oi 
life cheerfully, helping to rebuild home and country, respect 
ing the laws, making a useful and progressive citizen, and per- 
forming faithfully all obligations as best he could under his 
environment, lie lived and died a humble Christian and an 
unconquerable Confederate. 

While in his latter years he struggled with financial em- 
barrassments, in his day he had done much for the good of 
his fellow man and the uplift of society and deserves to be 
honored everywhere for his splendid character and untarnished 
record. 

J. I.. Power, 

J. I-. Power, a citizen of Choctaw County. Miss., died at 
Jackson on September 5, I0l6, and was buried with Masonic 
honors in the Bear Creek Cemetery. He was born in Green- 
ville District, S. C, in October, 1841. In May. [861, he and 
his brother joined Capt. J. \Y. Hemphill's company, the sec 
ond to leave Choctaw County for service in the Confederate 
army. This company became a part of the 15th Mississippi 
Infantry and was made Company I. He surrendered witli 
the forces of Gen. J. E. Johnston in North Carolina, but was 
ever true to the cause for which he had fought. He was in 
the Georgia and Tennessee campaigns and received a seven 
wound in the knee. He was a member of R. G. Prewitt Camp, 
U. C. V., and took great interest 111 its activities and reunions 
with his old comrades and friend-. 

Comrade Power was married in January, 1804. to Miss Mary 
Susan Fancher, and to them thirteen children were born, 
five sons and eight daughters, of whom two sons and five 
daughters now survive. He was a devoted husband and fa- 
ther. As a Mason he joined the D. Mitchell Lodge, at French 
Camp, in [864, and was afterwards identified with tlie Hunts 
ville Chapter. Ackertnan Council, in which he held important 
offices. 

Andy Wou.ard. 

Andy Wollard passed to the great beyond on January 9. 
1917, at Gatesville, lex. lie was a member of Company F. 
Capt. J. C. Hillingsby's company, enlisting at Waco, Tex., in 
1861, and going with his command to Virginia, where it was 
registered with the 4th Texas Infantry. He never failed to 
go forward when called on and never shirked duty in camp. 
Comrade Wollard was born in Memphis, Tenn., and at his 
dr. nil was eighty-six years old. He was a consistent member 
of the Methodist Church and a kind father. Two sons and a 
daughter are left, with legions of friends, to mourn his death. 
He had been in feeble health for several years, hut his 
feebleness only caused him to feel nearer to his God. Andy 
Wollard never missed his duty as a Christian. 

[Tribute by Jim Dickie, Gatesville, Tex.] 



Rev. Iri. Roger Hicks. 

Rev. lrl R. Hicks, noted throughout the country for his 
weather predictions, died at his home, in St. Louis, Mo., on 
October 12, 1916. lie was born December 1S, 1844, in Bris- 
tol, Tenn., the son of Abraham J. and Mary Elizabeth (Lin 
damood) Hicks. His father was a native Tennesseean and 
served in the Seminole War and also as a captain in the 
Confederate service during the War between the Slai . 

Irl R. Hicks attended the schools near his home, then 
Paris, Tenn., until the outbreak of war interrupted his 
education. In December, [861, at the age of seventeen, he 
enlisted in Company F, of the 1st Confederate Cavalry Regi- 
ment of Tennessee, for (and enduring) the war and was 
engaged in numerous battles from Perryville to Chicka- 

mauga, where lie was taken prisoner ami sent to Johnson's 
Island. There he was made distributer of the mail- I to 
May 10. 1865, as the prisoners wen readj to return to their 
homes, a last meeting of the Y. M. C. A. was held within the 
prison walls, and young Hicks was -elected to deliver the 
valedictory address, which was in the form of .1 poem, and 

made a great impression. 

\ siorm on Johnson's Island while be was there mid. .1 
deep impression upon his mind and doubtless turned Ins 

thoughts toward the subject which afterwards engaged his 

life. Returning to his home in Tennessee, he entered An- 
drew College, at Trenton, where, in addition to the literary 

, he took up a practical course in philosophy, meteor 
..logy, and theology. In 1869 In entered the minisln of the 

Methodist Episcopal Church, South, and was ordained bj 
Bishop Kavanaugh, in 1871, at Columbus, Miss. Just after- 
wards he v tgned to th( pastorati oi the Church in St. 

Mo. Later he united with the Congrcgati. .nalist 
Church and gave his time to lus publishing interests, having 
i,,l,]i hed a journal called Word and Work-, ill which his 
weather prognostications appeared. He was a man of gen- 
erous disposition, and his hand was always open to the needy. 
The eldest son, I. R. Hicks. Jr., will continue his father's 
work. 

W. F. Patterson. 

W. F. Patters, ,n. ,,f Company B. 4th Mississippi Regiment, 
died January 5. 1916, at the home of his .laughter, Mrs. M. 
E. Moreland, of Fort Smith, Ark., at the age of seventy-five 
years. He was a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
South, for about forty-live years. He is survived by his 
wife and seven children, two daughters and and a 

brother, G. G. S Patterson, of St. Louis. Mo 
Gf.ok.i W. Freeman. 

Georgi W. Freeman was horn in North Carolina in 1834 
and in early life went to Virginia to make his home, settling 
in Wythe County, near Rural Retreat. When war vt 
clared between the States be volunteered his services to his 
adopted State and served faithfully throughout the conflict 
in Company B, 29th Virginia Infantry. He was surrendered 
it IppomattOX and returned to his family in Wythe County, 
where he resided until 1908, going then with his son and 
family to Dodge County, Nebr. His wife had died shortly 
before the family left Virginia, \ SOU and daughter were 
the only children, the son surviving him. Comrade Freeman 
was not only a brave soldier and patriot, but a good citizen, 
a faithful friend, and a Christian. His death occurred .sud- 
denly on January 18, 1917. As was his desire, he was taken 
back to Virginia and laid beside his wife. 

I Or I I' S. xton, Fremont. NYhi | 



136 



^o^federat^ l/eterai}, 



RETURX OF FLAG TO THE 76TH OHIO REGIMENT. 

• (Continued from page 131.) 

A reading by Miss Eula Spivcy, sponsor for the 1st Arkansas 
veterans, and a song by Miss Lucile McDermott completed 
the program most acceptably. 

These Confederate veterans received royal entertainment 
during their stay in Newark. They were entertained at the 
best hotel there and were invited to attend the business meet- 
ings of the reunion and also took part at a "Camp Fire" of 
the veterans. During the sessions they had seats upon the 
platform with the President of the Survivors' Association 
and were accorded most distinguished honors. At the Camp 
Fire meeting a resolution was passed that the President ap- 
point a committee to memorialize the next legislature to re- 
turn the Confederate flags now in the archives of the State 
at Columbus to the Confederate regiments from which they 
were taken. 



ACCOMMODATING POLITICS. 

BY CAPT. R. T. BEAN. WICHITA, KANS. 

A small squad of Confederates were picking their way 
through Wolfe County. Ky., traveling the most unfrequented 
paths that could be found; for while we had hosts of friends 
among those people, there were some who rejoiced more at 
the sight of the blue than of the gray. As we were feeling 
our way with as little noise as possible, we ran into, or onto, 
a native who had just come out from the cover of an obscure 
trail, well hidden by a dense crop of undergrowth and wild 
vines. That the meeting was most unexpected and decidedly 
unpleasant to those of the first party as well as to him of the 
second was too evident for debate, and one of the Rebs called 
out for the politics of the lonely native. 

Surprised as he was, and completely caught in the meshes 
of that squad of Confederates, his wits worked for him as 
never before, and without waiting for a second demand for 
the color of his politics he answered : "Just say it yourself, 
mister; just say it yourself." 

All had come to a halt as this new character emerged from 
the brush, and there was no immediate response to his reply. 
It was so quick, so unexpected, and so highly charged with 
originality that an attack of paralysis or stupefaction had 
taken possession of the gang for the time being; and all eyes 
were riveted on the speaker, while the most intense silence 
reigned in that forest of pines and blackjacks. Then the 
uniqueness, the ludicrousness, and the unexpectedness of the 
speech, coupled with the appearance of the speaker, dawned 
upon all, and a roar of laughter, the like of which was never 
heard before or since in that "neck of the woods," broke the 
deathlike stillness and went reverberating up and down those 
valleys with a roar and rush like unto a tornado turned loose 
in the tropics on a sultry August afternoon. That speech, 
aided and abetted by a close scrutiny of the man and his 
belongings, saved him the horse he was astride. The worst 
in our squad was better than his, and his saddle was one only 
in name ; so nothing was to be gained from him — no, not 
even in an exchange of hats. 

"Just say it yourself, mister; just say it yourself," after that 
incident, often came ringing down the line to break the 
monotony of a hard march or to make us forget for the time 
being the hunger that was ever gnawing at our vitals. 

This man's name was Rose, and I often met him after the 
war at Mount Sterling, Ky., where he went with cattle for 
the court day market. Then I learned that he was a well-to- 



do farmer of Wolfe County, and his make-up of horse, sad- 
dle, and bridle was for a purpose. He had learned to his 
cost early in the war that Morgan's men had an ever-increas- 
ing curiosity to "sample" everything in the horseflesh line, 
and his native shrewdness prompted him always to ride the 
worst horse he had when he ventured forth upon the high- 
ways and byways, guarding well against supplying any of 
those well-known war horses by never riding one himself. 



LOYAL AND DEVOTED STILL. 

BY MRS. E. D. BARTEE, FLORENCE, TEX. 

As a reader of the Confederate Veteran, I feel a desire 
to contribute a few lines in praise of its high and noble mis- 
sion. Every page holds an interest to those who remember 
the stirring days of 1860-66. Time has failed to erase from 
my mind the memory of those days, though but a child of 
ten years of age when the strife began. How proud I felt of 
our only brother when his first letter reached mother and 
home telling of the first battle he was in 1 I stood by mother's 
side and heard her read the letter as her tears rained upon 
its pages. "Mother," he wrote, "I loaded my gun and shot 
Yankees until my arm is so sore I can hardly write." I heard 
the cannon roar in the battle of Elkhorn, Ark., and later was 
in hearing distance of the siege of Vicksburg. The sullen 
"Boom, boom" day after day, together with the hazy appear- 
ance of the elements hanging like a funeral pall over the 
land, struck terror to the hearts of us children, and we won- 
dered why our Southern boys were so long in whipping the 
enemy back and stopping the noise. 

In the January Veteran I read with much interest the ar- 
ticle of A. C. Jones, of Three Creeks, Ark., and I wish to 
thank him most heartily for the respectful allusion to the 
Texas soldiers with whom he was associated on the occasion 
referred to. My husband was a Texas soldier. When a lit- 
tle over seventeen years of age he enlisted in the Confederate 
service in 1863, I think it was, at Huntsville, Tex., and served 
as a private soldier until the end. He answered to the last 
roll on April 9, 1902. 

I cannot close these brief lines without a word of greeting 
to the U. D. C.'s. All honor to those true Southern women ! 
While they have accomplished much in the past, we feel there 
are greater and grander achievements to which their loyal 
Southern hearts and hands will yet attain. 



ATTENTION, SIGNAL CORPS, C. S. A.! 

It has been suggested by some of the survivors of the 
Signal Corps, C. S. A., that at our coming Reunion in Wash- 
ington, D. C, next June the survivors of this branch of the 
Confederate army march in a body ; and it has even been sug- 
gested that they carry flags symbolic of that branch of the 
army in which they served. I think the suggestion a good 
one ; and while I know but few now surviving, it has 
been deemed expedient to bring this matter to the atten- 
tion of the survivors through the columns of the Veteran. I 
served for several years in this branch of service in the 
defense in and around Charleston; and, so far as I know, 
but three members of that corps now survive. 

To this end, survivors of the Signal Corps, Confederate 
army, are requested to correspond with Mr. R. S. Denny, 
Room 201, Southern Railway Building, Washington, D. C, or 
with the undersigned, at Columbia, S. C. W. A. Clark, 

Commander Camp Hampton. 



Qoi}federat^ tfeterai). 



KU 



A NEW BOOK ON STONEWALL JACKSON. 

Early Life and Letters of Thomas J. (Stonewall) Jack- 
son. By his nephew, Thomas J. Arnold. Published by 
the Fleming H. Revell Company. 

In the War between the States, 1861-1865, the South was 
prolific in great military leaders, some having been soldiers 
professionally trained, some coming from the ranks of civil 
life. Such were Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson, Albert 
Sidney Johnston, Joseph E. Johnston, "Jeb" Stuart, John B. 
Gordon, and N. B. Forrest. Among these, Lee and Jackson 
were easily in the first rank. 

Jackson's great exploits as a military commander, which 
have aroused the admiration of the world, have somewhat 
dimmed the luster of his moral and spiritual character. A late 
book, written by a nephew of General Jackson, a son of his 
only sister, and one familiar with his early life, sets forth 
the steps by which his remarkable spiritual character was de- 
veloped. It is made up largely of intimate personal letters to 
his sister and her children, and nothing could more clearly 
show the influences that went toward molding his character. 
They were written at various periods during his studies at 
West Point, his service in Mexico and in the United States 
army, as professor in the Virginia Military Institute, and up 
to the beginning of the \V;ir between the Stati 

While correcting some mistakes as to the early life of 
General Jackson which have been given currency by his biog- 
raphers, the book reveals a youth of towering ambition, of 
high and lofty principles, of stern integrity, and devoted to 
system and discipline in everything he did. In the course of 
time his ambition for personal success in his profession was 
supplanted by an intense purpose to do the will of God as 
the great aim of life. While professor at Lexington he united 
with the Presbyterian Church and afterwards became an offi- 
cer in that Church. Thenceforward to the day of his death 
he lived with a constant sense of the presence and providence 
of God and a living faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, striving 
to do God's will with absolute devotion and finally yielding 
up his life with unmurmuring resignation. 

The tie that bound General Lee and his great lieutenant in 
such close fellowship was one of piety as well as devotion to 
a great cause, and probably no two men ever manifested such 
different types of piety. Lee's was that of the noble, gentle, 
gracious, and pure type of the best cavaliers; while Jackson's 
was the stern, strong, aggressive piety of the Scotch-Irish 
Covenanter, to which stock he belonged. 

The author, while disclaiming any literary pretensions, has 
given us a book of remarkable interest expressed in readable 
and flowing English. 

Wants to Hear from the Johnnies. — J. C. Pickens, Sol- 
diers' Home, California, asks that some of the old boys who 
wore the gray write to him. He says: "My service was in 
Western North Carolina, East Tennessee, and Southwestern 
Virginia, near Cumberland Gap. My first action was at 
Warm Springs, N. C, next at Wyerman's Mills, in Lee 
County, Va., where on February 22, 1864, our detachment was 
surprised and captured by Gen. W. E. Jones's cavalry brigade. 
We were next engaged at Joncsville Road, Lee County, Va., 
where we fought Vandeventer's Cavalry from Jonesville to 
Ball's Bridge. My last was a skirmish with Thomas's Indians 
near Waynesville, N. C. on May 5, 1865, said to have been 
the last gun of the war east of the Mississippi River. There 
win .inly four of us Yanks in this last action, and three arc 
still living. Now, boys, don't fail to write me, especially if 



you were in either of the actions referred to. You will find 
me a sincere friend and well-wisher; besides. I want to ask 
you a good many questions. Permit me to ask here: Upon 
what part of the field did Capt. C. E. Burks, of the 21st Vir- 
ginia, fall? He was killed at Wyerman's Mills. Whose white 
horse was killed in the ford of the creek?" 



Decrease in Camp Membership.— Adjt. J. Pink Cagle, in 
reporting the losses in membership of John M. Brady Camp, 
No. 352, U. C. V., writes: "Our Camp is breaking up; we 
have only thirty members left, some very feeble. I was the 
youngest volunteer in my company and served two years and 
eight months; am also the son of a veteran. I shall try to 
the Camp alive until I am called to answer the last roll." 



OFFICIAL REUNION BADGE. 

The official Confederate Reunion badge will locate the 
wearer by Division, Camp, and place of residence. It con- 
sists of a medallion on which is prominently shown the St. 

Andrew's Cross, in the 
center of which are four 
clasped hands, represent- 
ing the brotherhood of 
North, East, South, 
and West. Around the 
edge of the medallion is 
inscribed : "Official Badge, 
U. C. V. Reunion. \ 
ington. D. C, June 5, 6, 
7. 191 7." On the red- 
white-and-red pendant 
will be printed in clear, 
distinct letters the name 
of the Division, location 
of Camp, and its name 
and number. The illus- 
tration here given tells 
the story at a glance. 
The badges can be ar- 
ranged to suit the staffs 
of the various Command- 
ers and of the Sons. 

'1 his official badge can 
be procured at general 
headquarters only, and 
orders should be sent in at 
once to avoid delays and 
disappointments. They 
will be supplied as fol- 
lows : Single badges, fifty 
cents each ; two to five, 
thirty cents each; in lots 
of fifty to one hundred, 
twenty-two cents each; 
one hundred and up- 
ward, fifteen cents each. 
Xo veteran should be 
without this badge as a 
souvenir of a notable 
'■ring. 

ess Gen. William E. Mickle, Adjutant General U. C. 
V., New Orleans, La. 




138 



^oofederat? i/eterag. 




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C. E. Brooks, 239 Stale Si.. Marshall. Mich. 

STAMPS WANTED 

Cash paid for postage stamps from let- 
ters mailed before 1S70. Any kind except 
three-cent stamps. A. B. FAINT!, 1353 
Beacon Street, Brookline, Mass. 



WOODLAND BRONZE WORKS 

DEPARTMENT OF 
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Estimates 
and Designs 

Furnished Upon INSCRIPTION TABLETS 

Request ^ m ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ mt ^^ m 



BRONZE MEMORIAL AND „.„,„£%,„., 

Newburyport 
Mass. 



Mrs. W. J. Gates, ioio Bond Street, 
Morrett. Mo., is trying to secure a pen- 
sion and would like to hear from some 
comrade of her husband, Mahlon Gates, 
of Henry County, Mo. She doesn't 
know his company or regiment, only 
that he was in Price's army and en- 
listed at Springfield, Mo. 



Mrs. William F. Lake, 1415 Grand 
Avenue, Fort Worth, Tex., wants to 
communicate with some one who can 
give her information concerning the 
civil service record of her grandfather, 
William Palmer, and her uncle, David 
Lough Miller, during the War between 
the States. Both men were from Haw- 
kins County, Tenn. 



William E. Crozier, Route 4, Dallas, 
Tex., wants to know where he can ob- 
tain the following books : "Common 
Sense against Infidelity," "Bloody Jun- 
to," and "Cave of Hegobar," all by 
Rev. R. H. Crozier; "Life of Dr. Ab- 
ner Baker," by C. W. Crozier; and the 
"History of Company B, 4th Texas In- 
fantry, Hood's Brigade," by Captain 
Davis. 

Mrs. C. E. G. Trevathan, of Union 
City, Tenn., wants to get in communi- 
cation with some comrades of her hus- 
band, Dr. F. M. Trevathan, captain of 
Company A, nth Missouri Cavalry, who 
can testify to his service after his ex- 
change at Vicksburg in 1864. She 
would also like to hear from Jim Hale, 
of Bentonville, Mo., if still living. 



J. J. Dalton, of Kenova, W. Va., 
wishes to hear from any one who was 
a member of Commodore Mcintosh's 
crew on the Louisiana when captured 
April 28, 1862, or any one who can 
testify to his service as a member of 
that crew. He enlisted early in 1862. 
He is trying to get a pension. Write 
him in care of Mrs. Alice Dalton. 



NORFOLK & 
WESTERN RY. 

THROUGH TRAINS 
Sleepers, Dining Car 

The Direct Line 

to Anlietam, Md., Gettysburg, 
Pa., Manassas, Va. (Bull Run), 
and other famous battle fields 
in the Shenandoah Valley and 
other sections of Virginia. 

Best Route to 

WASHINGTON, BALTIMORE, 
NEW YORK, RICHMOND, NOR- 
FOLK, and all Virginia Points. 



WARREN L. ROHR. General Agent Passenger 
Department, Chattanooga, Tenn. 

W. C. SAUNDERS, General Passenger Agent, 
Roanoke, Va. 



-VETERANSn 



In June you are going to march down 
Pennsylvania Ave., Washington, before 
your President. It will be a memorable 
occasion. You are going to look your 
BEST. You must have a brand-new uni- 
form. Peltibone Confederate Uniforms 
meet your needs in looks, material, work- 
manship. They are now better than ever; 
fit you like a glove, and are an everlast- 
ing comfort. Ask for NEW catalog 352 
and cloth samples. 



THE PETTIBONE BROS. MFG. CO. 

CINCINNATI, OHIO 

America's Great Uniform House 



Mr. B. F. Hunt, of Louisville, Ga., 
wants to learn something of a young 
man who swam across the bay from 
Fort Delaware Prison and made his es- 
cape in 1862. Mr. Hunt belonged to 
Company D, 16th Virginia Infantry, and 
was a prisoner at Fort Delaware. He 
knew the young man well, but cannot 
now recall his name, and he would like 
to hear from him if he is still living. 






Qoofederat^ tfeteran. 



139 



FREE TRIP TO REUNION 

Washington, D. C. Week of June 4 




ALL. EXPENSES PAID 

Confederate Soldiers and others may attend the 
Reunion at Washington without cost 



EVERY EXPENSE PAID 



EVERY CONVENIENCE FURNISHED 



Round-trip railroad transportation from your city. Pullman 
fare. Meals en route on standard diner. Best hotel accom- 
modations in Washington. Automobile trip to Arlington and 
Mount Vernon. Sight-seeing trip to Washington, etc. 

SIDE TRIP TO GETTYSBURG SIDE TRIP TO NEW YORK CITY 

Competent conductors to attend to your every wish. Ex- 
perienced guides to show you everything. 

If you wish to attend the Reunion with every expense paid, 
with every possible comfort, with a selected, personally con- 
ducted party, write to-day for full particulars. 

This is not a contest, but a definite offer. 
SEND TODAY FOR FULL PARTICULARS WHILE THIS ADVERTISEMENT IS BEFORE YOU 



ADDRESS REUNION TOUR MANAGER 
AMERICAN BUILDING 



Southern Woman's Magazine, Nashville, Tenn. 



THE BEST PLACE 
to purchase all'wool 

Bunting or 
Silk Flags 

ot all kind* 

Silk Banners, Swords, Belts, Caps 

and all kinds ot Military Equipment and 
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Scad for Price List New York City 




THE KU KLUX KLAN 


Or Invisible Empire 


BY MRS. S. E 


F. ROSE 


The _••■■ 


^M Ed lie a- 


needed **'•' 


Hf tors, and 


in every H 


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home: con- ^R 


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tains authen- ^M 


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tic history. Wt 


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splendidly il- V 


^m postpaid. Or- 


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■ day from the 


,1 N. B. Forrest, M 




Grand Wizard ot * 





the Klan, and oth- 
er prominent mem- 
bers. Endorsed by 
leading Historians, 



Mrs. S. E.F.Rose 
WEST POINT 
MISSISSIPPI 




Facts about 
PRINTING 

€JJ To obtain efficiency in the re- 
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whatever task the printer may be 
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equipment CR We give thought to 
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possibly to suggest something new. 

BRANDON PRINTING GO. 

Nashville, - - Tenn. 



Mrs. T. P. Grant, of Brady, Tex., 
i-cks information of the service of her 



father, T. R. Hill, who was under Gen. 
Snll Ross in the 3d Texas Cavalry. 



140 



Qonfederat^ l/eterap. 



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REMINISCENCES 



By JOHN MASSEY 



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eloquent in style, and swept through by gales of sentiment and sometimes by rushes of feeling 
that lift the reader ^ Ditches of enthusiastic interest. . . . Dr. Massey's book will be par- 
ticularly valued for ( ._ V y a ^p\\ portraits which it draws of the characters whom he touched 
and by whom he was touched"* r> " 1T ' S °f his active life — as Dr. Landon G. Garland, Dr. 
Edward Wadsworth, Dr. Andrew A. f£/o omb, Dr. Thomas O. Summers, Father Abram J. 
Ryan, and others." — Methodist Review. 

Octavo. Buckram Binding. $2, Postpaid 



UfELTXTZ * * *X Z1Xi 









8 
I 

♦ 



x 



Smith & Lamar, Agents, Nashville, Tenn.; Dallas, Tex.; Richmond, Va. ; 

IZXt t t — SM 



I 1 



£^6/2*^ 



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the Geo. ajCNN! Noe m. 

CINCINNATI. O. 




CONTENTS. 



The Southern Girl, or the Homespun Dress. 


. 2 


Maryland, My Maryland, 


. 4 


The Southern Marseillaise, 






. 7 


Bonnie Blue Flag, .... 






10 


Dixie's Land, .... 






. 12 


I'se Gwine Back to Dixie, 






. 14 


Carry Me Back to Ole Virginny, 






16 


The Cross of the South, . 






. 18 


Stonewall Jackson's Way, . 






20 


Carolina, 






. 22 


Sword of Robert Lee, 






24 


Cheer, Boys, Cheer, .... 






26 


Stonewall Jackson's Prayer, 






27 


The Conquered Banner, 






30 


My Old Kentucky Home, 






31 


God Save the South, 






34 


Old Folks At Home, 






35 


Massa's in the Cold, Cold Ground, . 






38 


Minions, We Sleep But Are Not Dead, . 




40 


Our Flag, 






44 



DEDICATED TO THE 

UNITED DAUGHTERS OF THE CONFEDERACY 
UNITED CONFEDERATE VETERANS and 
UNITED SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS 



Songs of the 
Confederacy and 
Plantation Melodies. 



ISSUED UNDER THE AUSPICES 01 

THE RICHARD HAWES CHAPTER 

OF PARIS, KY. 



SELECTED AND ARRANGED BY 

MRS. A. L. MITCHELL, 

PARIS, KY 



50 Cents. 



PUBLISHED BY 

THE GEO. B. JENNINGS CO., 

CINCINNATI, O. 

Flag Design by Mrs. ALBERT ADAIR. Copyright, 190I, by Mrs. A. L. MITCHELL. 



THE SOUTHERN GIRL, 



OR 



Th^ Homespun Dress. 



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1. Oh, yes, I am a South-ern girl, And glo - ry in the 

2. My home-spun dress is plain, I know, My hat's palm -et - to, 

3. The South-ern land's a glo- rious land, And has a glo - rious 

4. The sol - dier is the lad for me, A brave heart I a - 

5. And now, young man, a word to you, If you would win the 







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name, And boast it with far great - er pride Than glitt-'ring wealth or fame. I 

too, But, then, it shows what Southern girls For Southern rights will do ! We've 

cause, Three cheers, three cheers, for Southern rights, And for the South -ern boys! We've 

dore, And when the Sun - ny South is free, And fight - ing is no more, I'll 

fair, Go to the field where hou - or calls, And win your la - dy there! He - 



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en - vy not the North-ern girl, Her robes of beau - ty rare, Tho' diamonds grace her 

sent the brav - est of our land, To bat - tie with the foe, And we will lend a 

sent our sweet-hearts to the war, Rut dear girls, nev-er mind ; Your sol - dier boy will 

choose me then a lov - er brave From out that gal - lant band ; The sol - dier lad ] 

member that our brightest smiles Are tor the true and brave, And that our tears are 





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snow-y neck And pearls be-deck her hair, 
help-ing hand, We love the South, you know, 
ne'er for- get The girl he left be - hind, 
love the best Shall have my heart and hand, 
all for those Who fill a sol •■ dier's grave. 



Hur - rah! hur - rah! 



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Sun-ny South sodear ! Three cheers for the home-spun dress That Southern la - dies wear. 



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/KAKybAND! Fty ^ARVkAND! 



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The des - pot's heel is on thy shore, 
Hark ! to a wand'ring son's ap - peal, 
Thou wilt not cow - er in the dust, 
Come, 'tis the red dawn of the day, 



Ma - ry-land ! my Ma - ry-laud ! His 

Ma - ry-land ! my Ma - ry-land ! My 

Ma - ry-land ! my Ma - ry-land ! Thy 

Ma - ry-land ! my Ma - ry-land ! Come 






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torch is at thy tem - pie door, 

Moth -er state, to thee, I kneel, 

beaming sword shall nev - er rust, 

with thy pan - o - plied ar - ray, 



Ma - ry-land ! my Ma - ry-land ! 

Ma - ry-land ! my Ma - ry-land ! 

Ma - ry-land ! my Ma - ry-land ! 

Ma - ry-land ! my Ma - ry-land ! 



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MARYLAND ! 



MY MARYLAND ! Continued. 



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venge the pa - tri - ot-io gore That flow'd the streets of Baltimore, And be the bat - tie 
life and death, for woe and weal, Thy peer-less chiv - al - ry re-veal, And gird thy beauteous 
mem-ber Car-roll's sa-cred trust, Remember Howard's warlike thrust, And all thy slumb'rers 
Ring-gold's spir-it for the fray, With Watson's blood at Mon-ter-ey, With fearless Lowe and 




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queen of yore, 
limbs with steel, 
with the just, 
dash - ing May, 



Ma - ryland ! 
Ma - ryland ! 
Ma - ryland ! 
Ma - ryland ' 



my Ma - ryland ' 

my Ma - r\ land ! 
my Ma - ryland ! 
my Ma - ryland ! 




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5. Dear Moth-erl hurst thy ty - rant's chain. Ma 

6. Conic! for thy shield is bright and strong, Ma 

7. I sec the blush up - on thy cluck. Ma 

8. Thou will not yield the Van - dal toll, Ma 

9. I hear the dis - taut tliiin - der-hum, Ma 



ryland ! my 

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Ma - ry-land ! Air - 
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MARYLAND ! MY MARYLAND ! Concluded. 



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gin - ia should not call in vain, 
for thy dal - liance does thee wrong, '. 
thou wast ev - er brave - ly meek, 
wilt not crook to his con - trol, 
Old Line's bu - gle, fife and drum, 


Ma - ry-land 
Ma - ry-land ! 
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meets her sis - ters on the plain, "Sicsemper," 'tis the proud refrain, That baf-fles min-ions 
to thine own he - ro - ic throng, That stalks with lib-er-ty a - long And give a new Key 
lo ! there surg - es forth a shriek From hill to hill, from creek to creek Po - to-mac calls to 
Bet-ter the fire up - on thee roll, "j Better the shot, the blade, the bowl, Than cru - ci - fix - ion 
is not dead, nor deaf, no dumb, Huz-za ! she spurns the Northern scum, She breathes! she burns! she'll 

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back a - main 
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come, she'll come, Ma - ryland 



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THE SOUTHERN MARSEILLAISE. 



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1. Sons of the South, a-wake to 

2. Now. now the daug'rous storm is 

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glo - rv, A thousand voi - ccs bid you rise, Your children, wives and grand-sires 
roll ing Which treuherom Brothers madly raise; The dogs of war let loose are 
round - od. The jea-lous, blind fa - nat-ics dare To of-fer in their zeal un- 




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hoa-ry, Gaze on you now with trust-ing eyes, Gaze on you now with trust-ing 

howl-ing, And soon our peace-ful towns may blaze, And soon our peace-ful towns may 
bound-ed, Our hap py slaves their ten-der rare. Our bap-py slaves their ten -der 




THE SOUTHERN MARSEILLAISE. Continued. 




eyes ; Your coun-try ev - 'ry strong arm call - ing, To meet the hire-ling North-era 
blaze; Shall fiends who base - ly plot our ru - in Uncheck'd advance with guilt - y 

care; The tiouth, tho' deep -est wrongs be - wail - ing, Long yielded all to Un - ion's 







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That comes to de - so -late the land 
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With fire and blood and scenes ap- 

With South'ron's blood Ihfir hands em- 

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pall - ing, To arms to arms ye brave ! 

bru -ing, To arms to arms ye brave! 

vail - ing, To arms to arms ye brave ! 



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sheathe! March on! March on. 

sheathe ! March on ! etc. 
sheathe! March on! etc. 



All hearts re - solved 



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to-ry or Death, March cm! 



March on. 



All hearts- re- 



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The Bonnie Blue Flag. 



Harry Macabthy. 



With Spirit 




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1. We are a baud of brothers, aud na-tive to the 

2. First, gallant South Car-o-lin - a no-bly made the 

3. Ye men of val-or, gather round the Banner of the 

4. And here's to brave Virginia ! the Old Do-mini-ou 



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soil, Fighting for our Lib- er - ty, with treasure, blood and toil ; And when our rights were 
stand; Then came Al - a - ba - ma, who took her by the hand ; Next, quickly Mis - sis- 
Right, Tex - as and fair Louis-i- an - a, join us in the fight ; Da - vis, our loved Pres- 
State With the young Confederacy at length has link'd her fate ; Im-pell'dby her ex- 



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THE BONNIE BLUE FLAG. Concluded. 



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threaten'd, the cry rose near and far, Hur-rah for the Bou-nie Blue Flag, that 

Bip-pi, Geor-gia and Flo - ri - da, All rais'd on high the Bon-nie Blue Flag, thai 

i - dent, and Stephens, State in an rare, Now rally round the Bou-nie Blue Flag, thai 

am - pie, now oth - er States pre - pare To hoist on high the Bon-nie Blue Flag, that 

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bears a Sin - gle Star ! Hur-rah! Hur-rah! for Southern Right* Hurrah ! Hur- 

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rah! for the Bou-nie Blue Flag that bears a Sin -gle Star! 



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DIXIES LHND. 



Han. D. Emmett. Arr. by F. M. 



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1. I wish I was in tie land ob cot - ton, Old times dar am 

2. Old Mis - sus mar - ry "Will-de-weab - er," Wil-lium was a 

3. His face was sharp as a butch-er's cleab - er, But dat did not 



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not for - got-ten, Look a - way! Look a- way! Look a- way! Dixie Land. In 
gay de-ceab-er; Look a - way! Look a - way! Look a - way! Dix-ie Land. But 
seem to greab 'er, Look a - way ! Look a - way ! Look a - way ! Dix-ie Land. Old 




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Dix - ie Land whar 

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Mis - sus act - ed de fool - ish part, 



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was born in Ear - ly in one 

arm a - round 'er He smil'd as fierce as a 

And died for a man dat 



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Used bv permission of Oliver Ditson Co., owners of copyright. 
12 






DIXIE'S LAND. Concluded. 




frost - y mor-nin'. Look a - way! Look a - way! Look a - way! Dix-ie Land, 
for - ty pound-er. Look a - way ! Look a - way ! Look a - way ! Dix - ie Land, 
broke her heart. Look a - way ! Look a - way ! Look a - way ! Uix - ie Land. 




CHORUS. 






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Den I wish I was in Dix - ie, Hoo - ray ! Ho - ray ! 

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way down south in Dix - ie. A - way, A - way, A -way down south in Dix - ie. 




l'SE QW1NE BACK TO DIXIE. 

Used by permission of The White Smith Music Publishing Co. 

Companion to "OLD HOME AINT WHAT IT USED TO BE." 

Allegretto. By C. A. WHrTE. author of "Old Home aim What it Used to Be," etr. 



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Allegretto. Not too fast. 



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1. I'se gwine back to Dix- ie, — No more Fse gwine to wan-der, My heart's turned back to 

2. I've hoed in fields of cot - ton, I've worked upon the riv - er, • I used to think if 

3. I'm trav'ling back toDix-ie, — My step is slow and fee - ble, I pray the Lord to 




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Dix - ie, — I can't stay here no long-er, — I miss de ole plan-ta - tion, My 

I got off, I'd go back there, no, nev-er. But time has changed the old man, His 

help me, And lead me from all e - vil. And should my strength forsake me, Then, 




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home and my re - la -tion, My heart's turned back to Dix - ie, And I must go. 

head is bend-ing low, His heart's turned back to Dix • ie, And he must go. 

kind friends, come and take me, My heart's turned back to Dix - ie, And I must go. 




Copyright, 1874, by White, Smith &. Co. 

14 



I'SE GWINE BACK TO DIXIE. Concluded. 



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I'se gwine back to Dix- ie, I'se gwine back to Dix - ie, I'se gwine where the 






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or - ange bios - some grow,. 



For I hear the chil - dren call - ing, I 




see their sad tears fall-iug, My heart's turned back to Dix - ie, And I must go 

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ON THK KOAI> TO DIXIE. 



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CARRY ME BACK TO OLD VIRGINNY. 

SONG AND CHORUS, 

Words and Music by James Bland, author of "The Old Homestead," "In the Morning by the Bright Light," etc., etc. 
Moderato. , 

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1. Car-ry me back to old Vir - gin - ny, There's where the cot - ton and the 

2. Car-ry me back to old Vir - gin - ny, There let me live 'till I 

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corn and ta - toes grow, 
with - er and de - cay, 



There's where the birds war- ble sweet in the • spring-time, 
Long by the old Dis - mal Swamp have 1 wan-dered, 




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There's where the old dar - key's heart am long'd to go, There's where I labored so 
There's where this old dar - key's life will pass a - way. Mas - sa and mis-sis have 




Used by permission of Oliver Ditson Co., owners of copyright. 
16 






CARRY ME BACK TO OLD VIRGINNY. Concluded. 






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hard for old mas-sa, Day af - ter day in the field of yellow corn, 

long gone be - fore me, Soon we will meet on that bright and gold-en shore, 




No place on earth do I love more sincerely, Than old Vir-gin-ny, the place where 1 was horn. 
There we'll be happy and free from all sorrow, There's where we'll meet and we'll never part no more. 



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Car - ry me back to old Vir-gin-ny, There's where the cotton and the corn and ta toes grow, 

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There's where the birds warble sweet in the sprinc-time. There's where this old darkey's heart am long'd to go. 

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THE CROSS OF THE SOUTH. 



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1. Oh! say can you see, thro' the gloom and the storm, More bright for the dark - ness, that 

2. How peaceful and blest was A-mer - i - ca's soil, 'Till be-trayed by the guile of the 
3. 'Tis the emblem of peace, 'tis the day-star of hope, Like the sa - cred Labarum that 

4. And if peace should be hopeless and justice de- nied, And war's blood - y vul - ture should 




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pure constel-lation ? Like the Sym-bol of Love and Redemption its form, As it points to the 

Pu - ri-tau de-mon, Which lurks un-der Virtue, and springs from its coil, To fas - ten its 

guided the Ko-man; From the shore of the Gulf to the Del-a-ware's slope, 'Tis the trust of the 

flap its black pinions,Then glad-ly "to arms" while we hurl in our pride, De - fi - ance to 



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THE CROSS OF THE SOUTH. Concluded. 



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ha - veu of hope for the na-tion. How ra-diant each Star, as the hea - con a - far, Giv-ing 
fangs in the life-blood of freemen! Then bold-ly ap - peal to each heart that can feel. And 
free and the ter - ror of foe-men. Flinjs its folds to the air, while we hold - ly de -clare, The 
ty -rants and death to their min-ious! With our front in the field, swearing nev - er to yield, Or re- 



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prom-ise of peace or as-sur-ance in war' Tis theCroBSof the South, which shall e'v- er re-main. To 
crush the foul viper 'neath Liberty's heel ! And the ( Iross of the South shall in tii -umph remain, To 
rights we demand or the deeds that we darel While the Cross ofthe South shall in tri-umph remain, To 
turn like the Spartan in death on our shield! And the Cross of the South shall triumphantly wave As the 



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light us to free - dom and glo - rv a - gain ! 

light us to free - doni and glo - rv a - gain ! 

light us to free - dom and glo - rv a - gain ! 

flag of the free or the pall of the brave. 







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STONEWALL JACKSON'S WAY. 



Lively. 




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1. Come, stack arms, men, pile on the rails, Stir up the camp-fire bright; No 

2. We see him now, the old slouch'd hat Cock'd o'er his eye as - kew, The 

3. Si - lence! ground amis! kneel all ! caps off ! "Old Blue Light's" going to pray, "Stran- 

4. He's in the sad - die, now, fall in! Stead - y ! the whole Brig - ade ! Hill's 

5. The sun's bright glances rout the mists Of morn - ing — and by George ! Here's 

6. Ah ! maid - en, wait, and watch and yearn For news of Stone -wall's band ! Ah ! 




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mat - ter if our can - teen fails, We'll make a 


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true ! 


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gle the fool that dares to scoff! At - ten - tion !" 


'tis his 


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at the ford, cut off; we'll win His way out, 


ball and 


blade ! 


What 


Long-street strug - gling in the lists, Hemm'd in an 


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gorge, 


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wid - ow, read with eyes that burn That ring up - 


on thy 


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Ah! 


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Shen - an - do - ah brawls a - long, There bur - ly Blue Ridge ech - oes strong To 
"Blue Light El - der" knows em well, Says he "that's Banks, he's fond of shell, Lord 
peal - ing from his na - tive sod In for - ma pan - per - is to God, "Lay 
mat - ter if our shoes are worn, What mat - ter if our feet are torn? Quick 
and his yan - kees whipp'd be-fore "Bay-'nets and grape !" hear Stone-wall roar, Charge, 
wife, sew on, pray on, hope on! Thy life shall not be all for - lorn ; The 




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STONEWALL JACKSON'S WAY. Concluded. 




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swell 

save 

low 

step! 

Stu 

foe 



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his 



brig • ade's rous - ing song Of Stone-wall Jack - eon's 

soul, we'll give him— " well, That's Stone-wall Jack - son's 

thine arm, stretch forth thy rod, A - men!" that's Stone- wall's 

we're with him be - fore dawn!'' That's Stone-wall Jack - son's 

art! pay off Ash - by's score In Stone-wall Jack -son's 

had bet - ter ne'er been born That gets in Stone-wall' 



way 
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way 
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Stone - wall Jack - son's 
Stone - wall Jack - son's 
men!" that's Stone -wall's 
Stone - wall Jack - son's 
Stone - wall Jack - Bon's 
gets in Stone-wall's 



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way, 

way, 
way, 
way, 
way. 



Of Stone - wall Jack - son's 
That's Stone - wall Jack - son's 

A - men!" that's Stone -wall's 
That's Stone - wall Jack -son's 

In Stone - wall Jack - son's 
That gets in Stone-wall's 




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To 

Lord 
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"Quick 

( harge 

The 





swell 
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thine 

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- ade's rous - ing song 
we'll give him — " well, 
stretch forth thy rod, 
him be - fore dawn!" 
on" Ash - by's score 
■ ter ne'er been born 



Of Stone - wall Jack - son's 
That's Stone- wall Jack -son's 

A - men!'' that's Stone-wall's 
That's Stone - wall Jack -son's 

In Stone - wall Jack - son's 
That gets in Stone-wall's 



way! 
way! 
way. 
way! 
way! 
way. 




CAROLINA. 



Words by Mrs. C. A. B. 



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1. 'Mid her ru - ins proud - ly stands, Our Car 

2. She was first our wrongs to feel, Our Car 

3. No - bly now she bears her wrongs, Our Car 



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Fet - ters are up - on her hands, Dear Car - o - lin - a! 

First to draw the glitt' - ring steel, Dear Car - o - lin - a! 

In her night she still hath songs, Dear Car - o - lin - a! 



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CAROLINA. 



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Yet she feels no sense of shame, For up - on the scroll of Fame, 
Read - y first to strike the blow, At th'op-press- or and the foe, 
In the dust her sons lie low, Yet tho' strick-eu by the foe, 




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She hath writ a death - less name, Brave Car - o - lin - a ! 
And to lay their stand - ard low, Brave Car - o - lin - a! 
Pride is min - gled with her woe, Brave Car - o - lin - a! 



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TJtE. SWORD OF ROBERT LEE. 



Words by Rev.A. J. Ryam. 



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Forth from its scab-bard, pure and bright, Forth flash'd the sword of Lee! 
Out of its scab-bard, where full long, It slumber'd peace-ful - ly ; 

high in the air, Be-neath Vir-gin-ia's sky; 



Forth from its scab-bard. 



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Forth from its scab- bard, pure and bright Forth flash'd the sword of Lee; 
Out of its scab- bard, where full long. It slumber'd peaceful - ly. 

Forth from its scab- bard, high in the air, Be-neath Vir-gin - ia's sky. 



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24 






THE SWORD OF ROBERT LEE. Concluded. 



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Far in the front of the dead-ly fight, High o'er the brave in the cause of the right, 
Rous'd from its rest by the bat-tie song, Shielding the fee - ble, sniit - ing the strong, 
And they who saw it gleam-ing there, And knew who bore it, knelt to swear, 

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Its stain - less sheen . . like a bea - con light, Led us to vie - to - ry! 

Guarding the right, a - veng - ing the wrong, Gleamed the sword of Lee! 

That where that sword led, they would dare To fol - low and to die! 
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Sword! sword of brave Ro bert Lee! Sword! sword of brave Ro - bert Lee! 



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CHORUS. 






"CHEER, BOYS, CHEER," 

or "MORGAN'S WAR SONG." 
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Cheer, boys, cheer ! We'll march a-way to bat-tie! Cheer, boys, chew! for our sweethearts and onr wives 

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1. Bring forth the flag, our country's noble standard; Wave it on high 'till the wind shakes each fold out ; 

2. But as we march, with heads all lowly bending, Let us implore a blessing from on high ; 

3. The' to uurhomes we nev-er may re-turn, Ne'er press a-gaiu our lov'd ones in our arms ; 




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Proud-ly it floats, nobly waving in the vanguard ; Then cheer, boys, cheer ! with a lusty long bold shout. 
Our cause is just — the right we're defending, And the God of bat-tie will list ■ en to our cry. 
O'er our lone graves their faithful hearts will mourn, Then cheer, boys, cheer ! such death hath no alarms. 



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26 






Stonewall Jackson's Prayer. 



Words by L. Rievks. 



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STONEWALL JACKSON'S PRAYER. Continued. 



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thee, and our dear in-fant son, Who slum-bers on thy gen- tie breast. 




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wet, The moth - er, wife, the doub - ly dear, And cheer her droop - ing spir - its 
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tear is shed to Thee, un - known,. 

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And no-ticed is the spar - row's fall. 
Oh, <!od, pro-tect my wife and child. 




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THE CONQUERED BANNER. 



Furl the Banner ! for 'tis weary, 
Round its stafi 'tis drooping dreary, 

Furl it, fold it, it is best, 
For there's not a man to wave it, 
And there's not a sword to save it 
In the blood that heroes gave it, 
And its foes now scorn and brave it ; 

Furl it, hide it, let it rest. 

Take that Banner down, 'tis tattered, 
Broken in its staff and shattered, 
And the valiant hosts are scattered 

Over whom it floated high ; 
Oh ! 'tis hard for us to fold it, 
Hard to think there's none to hold it, 
Hard that those who once unrolled it 

Now must furl it with a sigh. 

Furl that Banner! for furl it sadly, 
Once ten thousand hailed it gladly 
And ten thousand wildly, madly, 

Swore it would for ever wave, 
Swore the foeman's sword could never 
Hearts like theirs' entwined, dissever 
'Till that flag should float forever 

O'er their freedom or their grave. 

Furl it, for the hands that grasped it, 
And the hearts that fondly clasped it, 

Cold and dead are lying low, 
And that Banner, it is trailing, 
While around it sounds the wailing 

Of its people in their woe ; 
For, though conquered, they adore it, 
Love the cold, dead hands that bore it, 
Weep for those who fell before it, 
Pardon those who trailed and tore it, 
And oh ! wildly they deplore it 

Now to furl and fold it so. 

Furl that Banner ! true 'tis gory, 
Yet 'tis wreathed around with glory, 
And 'twill live in song and story 

Though its folds are in the dust, 
For its fame on brightest pages 
Penned by poets and by sages, 
Shall go sounding down through ages, 

Furl its folds, though now we must. 

CHORUS. 

Furl the Banner softly, slowly, 
Treat it gently, it is holy, 

For it droops above the dead. 
Touch it not, unfold it never, 
Let it droop there, f url'd forever 1 

For the people's hopes are dead ! 
30 



My Old Kentucky Home, Good=Night. 



Words and music by Stephen C. Foster- 



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1. The sun shines bright in the 

2. They hunt do more for the 

3. The head must bow and the 

4. At last he sleeps in the 



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Copyright, 1896, by The Geo. b. Jeuniugs Co. 

31 



MY OLD KENTUCKY HOME, GOOD-NIGHT. 





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the glim - mer of the moon, On the bench by the old cab - in 
the trouble all will end, In the field where the sug - ar canes 
of troub-le knows no more, For to slav - 'ry he has bidden fare- 

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day, 
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The day goes by like a shad - ow o'er the heart, With 

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The wea - ry load he has borne be - yond the dome, Where 




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MY OLD KENTUCKY HOME, GOOD-NIGHT. 



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good- night! 
good - night ! 
good - night ! 
good - night ! 

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G©D SRVE THE SOUTH! 



AN ANTHEM. 




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God save the South, 
At home or afield, 
Strong - or than might, 
Sum - nion - ing all, 
God save the South, 

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Her al - tars 
Stretch thine arm 
Mil - lions would 
Sum - mon - ing 
Her al - tars 



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fire 

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South ! Now that the war is nigh, 

save. What tho' they're three to one, 

pride. Lay Thou their le - gions low, 

strife. Sons of the South, a - wake! 

South ! For the great war is nigh, 

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Free-dom 
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proud spoil - er know 

dear Hon - or's sake, 

our bat - tie cry, 

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Free - dom or Death ! 
Strike to the grave ! 
God's on our side. 
Free - dom and Life ! 
Free - dom or Death ! 






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OLD FOLKS /VT HOME. 



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Written and composed by S. C. Foster. 

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OLD FOLKS AT HOME. Continued. 



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heart grows wea - ry, Far from de old folks at home. 



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Oh! take me to my kind old mud-der, Dere let me live and die. 



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When will I see de bees a hum - ruing, All round dc comb? 

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When will I hear de ban - jo tum-ming, Down in my good old home. 



MASSA'S IN DE COLD GROUND, 



Words ami Music liy Stephen C. Foster. 



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1. Round de mead-owe am a ring - ing De 

2. When de aii-tiiinii leaves were fall - ing, 

3. Mas - sa make de dar - keys love him, 







darkey's mournful song, While de mocking bird am sing - ing, Happy as de day am 
When de days were cold,'Twas hard to hear old mas-sa call - ing, Cayse he was so weak and 
Cayse he was so kind, Now, dey sad-ly weep a-bove him, Mourning rayse he leave dem be- 







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Where de i - vy am a creep - ing 

Now de or-ange tree am bloom - ing 

I can - not work be - fore to - mor - row, 



O'er de gras-sy mound, 
On de san - dy shore, 
Cayse de tear-drop flow, 



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Dare old mas - 6a am a sleep - ing, Sleep - ing in de cold, cold, ground. 
Now de sum - mer days am com - ing, Mas -6a neb-ber calls no more. 

I try to drive a - way my sor - row, Pick-in' on de old ban - jo. 



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"MINIONS WE SLEEP, BUT ARE NOT DEAD.' 




1. Ry bine Pa-tap-sco's bO -low - y dash, The Ty - rant's war shout comes, A- 

2. Our women have flung their harps a- way, And they scowl on your brutal bands, The 




long with cym- bals, fit - fill clash, And the growl of his sul-len drums. We 
nitn - ble pon - iard dares the day, In their dear de - fi - ant hands. They will 




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hear it, w r e heed it, with vengeful thrills, And we shall not forgive, nor for -get, There's 
strip their tress-es to string our bows Ere the North-em sun is set, There's 



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faith in the dreams, there's hope in the hills, There's life in the old land yet. 
faith in their un re - lent- iug woes, There's life in the old land yet. 




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"MINIONS WE SLEEP, BUT ARE NOT DEAD." Concluded. 

CHORDS. 




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crouch, 'tis to wel-come the tri - urnph tread, Of the Peer -less Beau- re - gard. 




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RIDING A RAID. 

1 'Tie Old Stonewall, the Rebel, 

Who leans mi his sword, 
And while we are mounting 

Prays low to the Lord; 
Now each Cavalier who loves honor and right, 
Let him follow the feather of Stuart to-night. 
Come, tighten your girth, etc. 

2 Now gallop, now gallop, 

To swim or to ford. 
Old Stonewall still watching 

Prays low to the Lord. 
Good-bye, Dear Old Rebel, 
The river's not wide, 

But Maryland's lights in her windows to guide. 
Come, tighten your girth, etc. 

3 Now gallop, now gallop o'er 

Ravines and rocks, 
Who would bar us the way 

Takes his toll in hard knocks. 
For with these points of steel on the line of Penc 
We have made some fine points and 
We'll make em again. 

Come, tighten your girth, etc. 



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Or THE ORIGIN OF THE STARS AND BARS. 



Harey McCarthy. 



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1. Young stranger, what land claims thy birth?. 

2. That flag with its gar - land of fame, 

3. And as her bright col-ors shone forth, 



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For thy flag is but new to the sea, 
Proudly waved o'er my fathers and me, 
All glo- ri-ous in fair Free-dom's light, 



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And where is the na - tion on earth, . 
And my grandsires died to pro-claim 
We swore to re-member their birth,.. 



That the right of this flag gives to 

It the flag of the brave and the 
And in her hon-or for - ev - er to 



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OUR FLAG. Continued. 







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thee; Thy ban-ner re-minds us of one By the champion's of Freedom un- 

free ; But a-las ! for the flag of my youth I have sigh ed and dropped my last 

fight; So woe to the foeman who'll dare Our Southern soil to in- 




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fm I'd, And the proudest of nations have owned, ... T'was a glo - ry and pride to the 

tear For the North lias for-got-ten her truth And would tread on the rights we hold 

vade, For, bless'd by the smiles of the fair, And in Right's powerful armor ar- 







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world That flag was the Stripes and Stars, And the col ors of 

dear; They envied the South her bright Stars Her glo - ry, her 

ray'd We'll strike for our Southern Stars, Our hon -or, our 





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thine are the 6ame, But thou hast the Stars and the Bars Oh, 

hon - or, her fame, So we un-furled the Stars and the Bars, AndtheCON- 

glo - ry, our fame, We'll strike for the Stars and the Bars For the CON- 



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6tranger, pray tell us thy name, Oh, 6tranger, pray tell us thy 

FED - ER - ATE FLAC is its name, And the CON - FED - ER - ATE ' FLAG is its 

FED - ER - ATE FLAG is its name, For the CON - FED - ER - ATE FLAG is its 



name, 
name. . 
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S 

EL 




CrEN. ALBERT SIDNEY JOHNSTON 
Profile Belief on Shiloh Monument 



■H-HUIJI. 



■ J aiw w — — — — mlu-wimh i 



'4- 



Qoofederat^ Vetera.}. 



Southern RailwaySvstem 

SOLICITS YOUR PATRONAGE TO THE 
27th Annual Reunion 

C o n federate Veterans 

June 4-8, 1917 

Washington, O. C 

THROUGH SERVICE FROM 
Birmingham, Ala. Memphis, Tenn. New Orleans, La. 

Chattanooga, Tenn. Meridian, Miss. Vicksburg, Miss, 

and many other points in the South 



Low Round Trip Tickets on Sale June 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7, 1917 

For detailed information, inquire of any Ticket Agent, or write 

C. D. WHITWORTH, Traveling Passenger Agent 

Independent Life Building, Nashville, Tenn. 

The Southern Serves t H e SoutH 



WOODLAND BRONZE WORKS 

DEPARTMENT OF 

ALBERT RUSSELL AND SONS COMPANY 



a^Ss BRONZE MEMORIAL AND Merrima ° c 5 stre et 

Furnished Upon INSCRIPTION TABLETS Newburyport 

Request ^H^Hs^caB^K^HsaanMai Mass. 



LEADING ARTICLES IN THIS NUMBER. ,.,,.„. 

( .literal Orders U. C. V 143 

"Lest We Forget" — An Appeal for the Living Soldiers. By Mrs. S. H. New- 
man 144 

The Jefferson Davis Memorial 145 

The Battle of Shiloh. (Poem.) By Mrs. S. E. F. Rose 146 

On the Field of Shiloh 146 

Beauty among the Ruins. By Calvin Stoddard Crowder 14" 

Ideals of the Old South. By Dr. James H. McXeilly M7 

Killed at Malvern Hill. By H. G. Barclay 148 

Imboden's Dash into Charlestovvn. Bv Lieut. F. Carter Berkeley U'> 

After the Fall of Fort Blakely. By E. W. Tarrant 15-' 

The Trans-Mississippi Department. By Gen. H. T. Douglas (S3 

The Truth about "Order No. 11." By Mrs. Flora Stevens 154 

"Greater Love Hath No Man."' Selected 155 

Grapevine News. Compiled by John C. Stiles 156 

Spring. (Poem.1 By Henry Timrod 156 

The Confederate Navy. Compiled by Mrs. Emma Newland Maffitt 157 

In the Years 1861-62. Compiled by John C. Stiles 161 

Turney's First Tennessee Regiment. By H. T. Childs 164 

Dead Angle, on the Kennesaw Line. By S. R. Watkins 166 

Memorial Altars. ( Poem. ) By A. J. Requier 168 

Reconstruction Days in Texas. By B. L. Aycock 169 

The Confederate Veteran and His Flags. By Capt. F. J. V. Le Cand 169 

Departments : The Last Roll i"° 

U. D. C 178 

C. S. M. A 183 

S C V 184 




BOON 



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DURING THE ENCAMPMENT 



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U.C.V. REUNION 

WASHINGTON, D. C. 



The Direct Line to Antietam, Md„ Get- 
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Qopfe^erat^ l/eterap. 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY IN THE INTEREST OF CONFEDERATE ASSOCIATIONS AND KINDRED TOPICS. 



Entered at the post office at Nashville, Tenn., as second-class matter. 

Date given to subscription is the month of expiration. 

All remittances should he made to the Confederate Veteran, 

and all communications so addressed. 
Published by the Confederate Veteran Company, Nashville, Tenn* 




OFFlCIALLr REPRESENTS : 
United Confederate Vf.tfrans, 

United Daughters ok the Confederacy, 

Sons OF Vbh RAN8AND Other Org UOZATIONS, 

Confederated Southern Memorial Association. 



Though men deserve, they may not win. success; 

The brave will honor the brave, vanquished none the less. 



Prick, $1.(X> per Year. I \j M VY\7 
Single Copy, 10 Cents. ( V 0L. A A V . 



XASHVILLE, TENN., APRIL, 1917. 



No. 4. { 



S. A. CUNNINGHAM, 
Founder.. 



GENERAL ORDERS, ('. C. /'. 

Headquarters United Confederate Veterans. 
New Orleans, La., February 27, 1917. 
General Orders No. ti. 

The General commanding is much gratified to make the 
following appointments for the Washington Reunion: Chap- 
eron. Mrs. Walter I). Lamar, Macon, Ga. ; Matron of Honoi 
to the U. C. V., Mrs. Frank G. Odenheimer, Washington. 1> 
C . Sponsor for the South. Miss Mary Custis Lee. Alexan- 
dria, Va. ; Maid of Honor, Miss Willie Gertrude Storey. 
Austin, Tex.; Second Maid of Honor, Miss Marion Amis 
Green. Louisville, Ky. 

rhese lovely women are the descendants of thai immortal 
band known as the "Women of the Confederacy" and will re- 
ccivc at the hands of all Confederate soldiers thai hom me 
and devotion to which they are so justly entitled. 

Bj command of George P. Harrison, 

General Commanding 
W'm. E, Mh 101. Adjutant General and Chief of Staff, 

New Orleans, La., February ir. 1917 
(iim ral Orders No. 10. 

The General commanding is pleased to announce that he 
has appointed as grand marshal for the Washington Reunion 
Hilary A. Herbert, Brigadier General commanding tin I 'is 
trict of Columbia Brigade, Washington, D. C. With a com- 
plete knowledge of the localities of the capital city, in close 
touch with the various Reunion committees, with tin thoi 
ough training acquired as a gallant Confederate leader, he 

comes to the office well equipped lo meet in a most siiis 

factory way all the requirements of the position, 

In order that Brig. Gen. II. A. Herbert may he aided as 
It should he, Col. R. R. Lee. of Burks. Va., grandson of the 
immortal R. E. Lee, is hereby appointed as assistant grand 
marshal. lie will take his orders from the chief marshal, 
to whom he will report for duty. 



General Orders No. 7. 

In conformity with the constitution (Article XL), the 
General commanding gives notice to the Camps of the Fed- 



eration of the following change 111 the by-laws, as suggested 
by the Mississippi Division of the U. C V., to be submitted 

to the convention to be held in the city of Washington June 
s. 6, and ~. 101/ : 

lo amend Section 6, Article VI., of the constitution by in- 
serting after "shall be elected by ballot" the words: "The 
several Lieutenant Generals, Major Generals, and Brigadier 
Generals shall he balloted for by the Veterans of their re- 
specth 1 commands only 



1. m I IrdERS No 8. 
I he General commanding learns with much satisfaction 
that the United Daughters of the Confederacy have com- 
pleted the monument to the brave men of the Confederate 
army who fell on the battle field of Shiloh Our Association 
owes much to these noble women, whose labors to aid the 
living and honor the dead lasl from year lo year without 
abridgement or ceasing, lie hopes that a large number of 
his associates will he present at the unveiling of this monu- 
ment, which Mrs. Alexander I'., White, the efficient chair- 
man of the eommittece, announces to take place on the 17th 
ol May, 11)17. In this way the Veterans can show their ap- 

ition of the work of these immortal women. 



'ERAL'S BEQi EST /'< > CONFEDERATE HOME 

lion Harvey W. Salmon writes from St. Louis, Mo.: "In 
the VETERAN for March, referring to Dr. Kennedy's bequest 
10 the Confederate Home at Jacksonville, l-'la., it is stated 
that 'this benefaction by Dr. Kennedy seems to have been 
the only bequest to a Confederate Home.' As a member o) 
the Board of Directors of the Confederate Home of Mis 

souri (incorporated), 1 am exceedingly glad to have the op 

portunity of bringing another bequest to the attention of the 

Veteran Col. Grove Young, a wealthy citizen of Lafayette 
( ounty, Mo. (the county wherein our Confederate Home is 
located), who died some years ago, left by will fifteen thou 
sand dollars lo our Home. Colonel Yomii; was a soldier in 
the Union army." 



144 



Qoijfederat^ l/eterap. 



Qopfederat^ l/eterai>. 

S. A. Ct'XXIXGHAM, Founder. 
Office: Methodist Publishing- House Building, Nashville, Tenn. 

All who approve the principles of this publication and realize its benefits as 
an organ for Associations throughout the South are requested to commend 
Us patronage and to cooperate in extending- its circulation. Let each one be 
constantly diligent. 



CAN YOU TELL ME? 

BY MAJ. T. H. BLACKNALL. 

Sometimes an old man grows weary 
Because he can't be young and gay 

But how old must an old man be 
To be an old man, anyway? 



"LEST WE FORGET." 

An Appeal for the Living Soldiers. 

by mrs. s. h. newman, dadev1li.e, ala. 

Since the publication of my tribute to the men in gray in 
the January Veteran I have received many beautiful letters 
of appreciation from veterans far and near. They have come 
from the "land of flowers," from the frozen North, and the 
far-away West. One letter was from a soldier who wore the 
blue. His letter shows that he bears the South no ill will, 
and his words of appreciation touched me very deeply. While 
I wish that I could respond to all these letters, some of them 
from kindred no doubt, it is impossible just now; so I am 
hoping that our dear old Veteran will give me space to thank 
-each and every one who was kind enough to say he liked my 
sentiments. 

1 wish to say a few words now not so much to the old 
soldiers as to their sons and daughters and grandchildren. 
We have a sacred duty to perform in making happy the last 
days of these dear old men who gave the best years of their 
lives to a cause that was dearer than life to them. They 
helped lead the forces of the Confederacy to honor and to 
glory, if not to final victory. To me there is something pe- 
culiarly touching in our old soldiers. They have borne the 
heat and battle of the day. They are old and travel-worn. 
Some of them are maimed and scarred. Many of them are 
poverty-stricken. They know that they have but a few more 
years to live. Soon the roll call shall sound for the remain- 
ing few, and they, too, will join the ranks invisible. Con- 
sidering all these things, it would seem that they would be 
downcast and hopeless. But far from it. Just speak to one 
of these old men of Lee and Jackson, of Gettysburg and Chan- 
cellorsville, and his eye will kindle and his face glow as mem- 
ory carries him back to the time when brave men fought to 
preserve what they believed was right. 

Let us who are younger never miss an opportunity to cheer 
and brighten the lives of those left to us. It will not take 
much to do this. Stop and chat awhile with the next old 
veteran you meet. Perhaps he is somewhat deaf, and talking 
to him will tire you. No doubt his rambling speech will bore 
you. No matter, you are giving him a happy moment. 

Almost all of our U. D. C. Chapters send a Christmas box 
to the old soldiers at the Home. I wonder how many think to 
send simple gifts or greetings to those outside the Home. 
Just a message to show that they are not forgotten will bring 
tears to the eyes and joy to the heart. Last year we cele- 
brated Memorial Day in our town. We also gave a dinner to 



the old soldiers. It was a pathetic scene, those seventy old 
men seated at the long tables. It was a joy to note their hap- 
piness and appreciation. After dinner cigars were passed. 
One old man, with tears rolling down his cheeks, said : "You 
are so good to us. We did not expect this." At the close 
of the exercises in the afternoon and just as the martial air 
of "Dixie" died on the balmy breeze one bent, grizzled vet- 
eran with a peg leg threw up his hat and cried out: "I never 
have shouted, but I can now." It was touching to have them 
crowd around us and pour out their thanks for giving them 
a happy day. Some of them said they had never attended a 
memorial exercise before and did not know what it meant 
when they received their invitations. But they added : "We 
know now and are coming every time." 

More than monuments and statues, more than tablets of 
bronze and marble, more than all the tributes of scholars and 
orators are our deeds of kindness shown to these old men 
while they are with us. It is beautiful to cover the graves of 
our departed with flowers. I hope we will always do this. 
But let us not forget to bestow some on the living as well. 



SPONSOR FOR THE SOUTH. 

Miss Mary Custis Lee, daughter of Gen. Robert E. Lee, 
has been appointed sponsor for the South at the Washing- 
ton Reunion, June 5-7, 1917. She is the only surviving child 
of General Lee, and those who followed him in the cam- 
paigns of the Army of Northern Virginia will especially ap- 
preciate the privilege of seeing his daughter during the Re- 
union. 



THE PASSING GRAY 

The Veteran mourns the passing of another good friend 
and ever-faithful worker. Comrade J. Coleman Gardner, 
whose death occurred at Springfield, Mo., on Saturday, 
March 17. His had been a life of active industry until some 
two or three years ago, when he began to feel that failure 
in physical strength and agility which presaged retirement 
from the active affairs of life. Almost from the beginning 
of the Veteran's existence Comrade Gardner had looked 
after its interests at Springfield, securing subscriptions when- 
ever possible and collecting renewals every year; and to the 
last he did this, reporting some collections only a short while 
before his death, even after the beginning of his fatal illness, 
which lasted only a few weeks. With him there was no 
lingering in long suffering. Comrade Gardner was a faith- 
ful soldier of the Confederacy, and no less faithful was he 
to the duties of citizenship after the close of the war. A 
sketch of him will appear later. 



Cunningham Monument Fund. — Mrs. James B. Gantt, 
of Missouri, treasurer of the fund being secured by the U. 
D. C. to the Cunningham Monument Fund, reports the fol- 
lowing as being in the hands of the Treasurer General : 
Collected since last report, $100.50; on time deposits, $393; 
interest on time deposits, $16.19; by check from Mrs. John 
P. Hickman, $60.50. Total. $570.19. 



The Jefferson Davis Memorial Fund. — Capt. John H. 
Leathers, Treasurer, reports the receipt of $232.35 from 
February 15 to March 15, 1917, for the memorial at Fair I 
view, Kv. 



Qoi?federat<? l/eteraij. 



H5 



THE JEFFERSON DAVIS MEMORIAL. 

With this is given a picture of the great monument to be 
erected at Fairview, Ky., to the memory of Jefferson Davis. 
The idea of marking the birthplace of Mr. Davis originated 
with Col. S. A. Cunningham, the late editor of the Veteran. 
who associated with him Gens. S. B. Buckner and Bennett 
H. Young. 

In the early days of the enterprise none of its promoters 
had any idea of how greatly the effort would extend. Lat- 
terly this memorial to Mr. Davis has expanded and enlarged 
until it now looms up as the greatest of all the monumental 
enterprises of the South. 

The structure as designed is in the form of an Egyptian 
obelisk, three hundred and fifty-one feet high. This will 
make it the greatest monument in the South and the greatest 
in the world, excepting the Washington Monument. The 
immensity and grandeur of the work appeals most powerfully 
to the pride of the Southern people. All the papers of the 
country are giving it extended notice, and all the journals 
of the South commend and applaud the ambitious plans of 
the managers of this scheme. 

When finished, the 
materials will weigh 
twenty-seven million 
pounds. Tt will be 
constructed of lime- 
stone, with steel re 
enforcement. The 
shaft through the 
center will be nine- 
teen feet square. In 
the base there will 
be a room nineteen 
by nineteen feet for 
the deposit of relics. 
*nd on the sides of 
the shaft, cut with 
electric etchers, will 
be carved the names 
of all who have con- 
tributed to build it 

live thousand 
small banks, on 
which are shown pic- 
tures of the monu- 
ment and of Mr. 
Davis, have been dis- 
tributed tn those who 
would like to aid in 
this plan. They hold 
fifty dimes, and only 
a dime can be put in 
the place prepared 
to receive money 
child who gets 
0111' of these banks 
filled has her or his 
Same carved on the 
inside of the shaft. 
Many fathers and 
mothers have already 
availed themselves of 
this privilege to con- 
nect their children's 



350 ft 



35S FT PERRY SHAFT 



. lOOFTBlXNINCTnn 



BUNKER HIU 





names with this wonderful structure. Hundreds of schools 
throughout Dixie's Land are asking for these banks to fill. 
The school at Fairview, Ky., took ten, and the school at Pa- 
ducah took twice that number. It is a most excellent idea 
to get the children of the South interested in this great work. 

The contracts have 
already been let, and 
it is planned to dedi- 
cate the obelisk on 
the 22d of October 
this year. This date 
is chosen because the 
meteorological rec- 
ords show that for 
one hundred years 
the 22d day of Oc- 
tober in Kentucky 
has been rainless. 
The Governor of 
Kentucky has as- 
sured Gen. Bennett 
11. Young, the President, that he will do all in his official 
power to make the unveiling of this memorial one of tin 
greatest days in the history of the State. There will be 
fifteen hundred yards of cloth used in the unveiling. This 
project stirs and thrills the Confederate heart. 

Gen. George W. Littlefield, of Austin, Tex., has made to 
the funds of the Association the largest contribution ever 
made by any Confederate for such a purpose, and Gen. Julian 
S. Carr has also put in a great sum. With Littlefield. Carr. 
and Young as leaders, the enterprise was bound to be great 
If any one wants some banks to till and thus have his 
name or the names of his children on the shaft, to remain 
throughout all the ages to come, or wishes to subscribe to 
aid the work and take part in this magnificent structure, a 
line to Gen. Bennett II. Young, Louisville, Ky., will secure 
prompt response and fullest information. It is a real big 
thing, and that is why it is commanding stub universal sup- 
port. 

Mr. Davis merits this grand testimonial, lie was a great 
man, a great soldier, a great patriot, a great executive, a 
great sufferer for the South, and he deserves all that is being 
done by the indefatigable men behind this enterprise. The 
memorial is built to honor eternally the first and only Presi- 
dent of the Confederate States, the nation which, for the 
length of its life, made more heroic and illustrious history 
than any nation that ever had existence 



KF.oriF.SC .IT IN I 'ACE. 

In building a new county road about a mile and a half from 
the battle ground of Fishing Creek, where General Zollicoffer 
was killed, the